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The Gospel Messenger 

bis GoBpel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

" THY KINGDOM COME "— m.«. 6: io : L u k. u, 2 

Vol. 79 

Elgin, 111., January 4, 1930 

No. 1 

In This Number dence in support of his feeling. Whore indeed are 

Editorial^ those clear-cut editorials on trine immersion, etc.? 

As Two Elders See It I . ■„„,., i. t 

Scratching the Surface and More i Some readers will recall that there have been a few on 

An Idea and a Church > t 1 -r n r ,1 i ■ 11. 

A Very Precious Quadrangle 1 mOSt if not all Of the Subjects named, DUt llOt many, 

4-und th° w-ld" * and some wl " a E ree wlth A tnat what was sald seemed 

The Quiet Hour (R. h. M.) » pretty weak, not very clear-cut and definite. 

General Forum — 

Meditations (Poem). By Arlo Gump 2 We replied to this elder personally and at considera- 

God's Remedy for Worry. Uy Laura Gwin Swadlcy 2 . . - 

Law Enforcement. ByjacohFunk 2 hie length in a weak effort to explain and justify 

?„e"rSe S „? Sing dSc™"'^?' Pan, e7 B^o.df *'..: I" "I ! a °ur course, but not very successfully to his mind, we 

Five Year Program in China Challenges the Church of the f ear Before Saying any more about this, however, We 

Brethren. By W. Harlan Smith 3 ,. , . , , , t,, , , , 

World Peace in Current Events. By George Fuik 4 think it best to look at B s letter, the one that came in 

% W Ti£ e f. W ^ 4 the afternoon mail. It was much shorter and a shorter 

Is the Question "Can We?" or "Will We?" By Cora A. Z. extract will give VOU the gist of it. We quote : 

And So Let Us Give. By Mrs. T. S. Mohcrman 4 Just a word to you in this holiday season about the " Mes- 

^CVlle— ^fst^wVl-l - f r C t-'"Sn 5 sein g er -" : think the paper is improving each week and the 

Messenger Agents. By J. E. Miller. ..' S best. ... In the issue of Dec. 14 "Adapting the Prin- 

The Office of Bishop in the Apostolic Age.-Part 4. By W. H. cip i e to \\\ » ; g exceptionally fine. I admire so much your 

An^^'i^^i^"BrX'T!'Hdff^'\\^.\"""!!^\\\ > »^"lO courage in speaking out the truth even if it hits hard some 

Pa*tor and People— parts. . . J You are bringing out the Christ more clear- 

The B. and O. Road to Heaven. By Russell G. West 6 [ y j n eacn issue. Thank you. 

Shall We Label the Bottles? By Paul F. Bcchtold, ..: 6 

incidents in Church Life. By Ezra Fiory 6 i n order to see what B is really driving at the reader 

"Tey^d'owl By j. a. Hart. 7 wil1 need to refresh his memory as to the content of the 

What Can Martha Do? By Leo Lillian wise 7 editorial referred to. For his convenience we repro- 

Just a Step Ahead. By Lula R. Tinkle 7 * 

New Lives for Old. By h. a. Brandt 7 duce here the most significant sentences: 

There is only one spirit that makes men truly Christian, 
but there are many manifestations of it, many forms of ex- 
pression. Your way isn't the only way, brother. You for- 
get that there are many people in the world who can be 
taught to love Christ and his way as much as you do, 
though they do not cultivate that love and express it with 
precisely, the forms and habits and customs that you use. 
Gentiles could be Christians nineteen hundred years ago 
without becoming Jews. Africans can^ be today without 
becoming Americans. Trouble over this matter will harass 
the church until we learn what the genius of our Christian 
gospel really is. 

Evidently to B's mind that was fairly clear-cut, though 
it is fair to observe that this is not from the editorial 
which A was discussing. It was, however, dealing with 
the same underlying idea. B is pleased with the strong 
editorial emphasis on the cultivation of the Christ spir- 
it in all the relations of life, even though it is admitted 
that the forms for fostering this spirit might differ in 
different groups or circumstances. To A's mind any 
such an intimation is an evidence of weakness. A 
" clear-cut " discussion o,f an ordinance, a church rite, 
would be devoted mainly to showing that there is one 
and only one Scriptural method of observing it and to 
stressing the importance of preserving this method in- 
tact in the church practice. B has not been disturbed 
by the scarcity of this note in the editorial columns. He 
apparently- considers the treatment sufficiently clear- 
cut when the weight of it is given to the tremendous 


As Two Elders See It 

They have both had many years of experience in 
serving the church and both love the church deeply. 
They are much concerned for her future well being. 
Their letters came the same day, one in the morning 
and the other in the afternoon. We have concluded 
that we can begin our editorial service for 1930 in no 
better way than by inviting the readers of the Messen- 
ger to come right in, sit down with us at our desk a 
while and look the field over with the help of these two 
good men, 

v This is the more promising because these men are 
typical. They are not isolated cases. They are thor- 
oughly representative. Each is as fine an example of the 
group to which he belongs as you would find in a long 
search. One lives in the extreme West and the other 
in almost the extreme East. Your guess is probably 
wrong, however, as to which is which, but that doesn't 
matter. For convenience we shall designate as A the 
one whose letter came in the morning and the other as 
B. We quote first from A : 

I feci impelled to write you concerning your editorial 
"Keeping Up the Morale." Had intended to send you this 
a good while ago. Your thought of "careful persistent 
teaching" is good and very timely, But I do not under- 
stand some things you say in the light of what I believe to 
be the facts of the situation. ... In kindness, Bro. 
Frantz, may I ask: how many clear-cut editorials have you 
written in defense of trine immersion, the design of bap- 
tism, the Lord's supper, feet-washing, the salutation, mod- 
est apparel? Where is the persistent teaching? In kind- 
ness may I say we have had when these things are men- 
tioned it seems to me some weak excuses as to why these 
things are no longer emphasized if taught at all; why the 
changes in belief in so many of our people on these things 
since the teaching of Mack, Becker. Saylor and Quintcr has 
all but ceased and since those like them are largely put on 
the shelf and often scoffed at when they would give a little 
persistent teaching. 

The words quoted are a very small part of A's long 
letter but we think they represent fairly the trend of 
the whole. And we wish to say with emphasis that all 
of it is written in the same fine spirit shown in the ex- 
tract given. The author of this letter is perplexed and 
distressed. He likes the editor's insistence on the need 
of persistent teaching, but he can not see much con- 
sistency between that plea and the editor's own prac- 
tice. And he cites what seems to him conclusive evi- 


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Eighty-year-6ld grandmother who rode twenty miles to be baptized. 
Her son, first one to the left in the rear, and his wife were received at 

need of discerning and practicing the truth symbolized 
in the rite. 

We are grateful to both these elders for these frank 
expressions of their respective points of view, and have 
so written them directly. We believe you will be grate- 
ful too for this glimpse into their thinking. It helps us 
all to talk these things out with each other that each 
may have the benefit of the thought of the rest. It 
might be useful to follow out a little further the im- 
plications of what these two good men have thought 
and said. 

Scratching the Surface and More 

What strange fact in human nature is this that 
makes one like to behold " distressing and tragical 
events which he would not wish to happen to him- 
self? . . . For I did not love to suffer myself the 
very things which I loved to behold in the play, but 
just the bearing and the feigning, such as only 
scratched, as it were, the surface." 

It was as long ago as Augustine's time that this dis- 
covery was made, this eagerness to harrow one's own 
feelings by looking on the sufferings of others. Have 
you some personal knowledge of that queer twist in 
human curiosity? And have you noticed that you want, 
your feelings harrowed about so much but not too 
much ? That is, you do not want these distressing facts 
in the experience of another actually to enter into your 
own experience. You want to know about them and 
shed a few tears perhaps because of them and feel 
virtuous for so doing. As Augustine said, " We rather 
like to have the surface of our emotions scratched — it 
makes an impressive showing and livens up the nerv- 
ous system — but really to suffer in behalf of one who 
needs us does not make a very strong appeal." 

And that is the peril of this artificial sympathy, that 
it may deaden capacity for the real. True sympathy 
shares with, loves, understands, suffers, serves. Are 
you guarding carefully your ability to do this? By 
faithful practice? 

An Idea and a Church 

We were greatly impressed by the introductory re- 
marks of Peace Secretary Newton at Buck Hill Falls. 
They were a sort of apology in behalf of the Friends 
for presuming to call together representatives from so 
many other and larger denominations. Why should a 
small church be so presumptive? But there was really 
no need of apology. The moral leadership of this body 
of Christians with reference to the peace movement is 
everywhere recognized and respected. 

What a significant thing it was, and is! A small 
group, a small church, can do a great thing for the 
kingdom of God, if it gets hold of a great idea, and 
then lets the idea get hold of it. And stir it, move it. 
We know of such an idea and we know a church which 
we should like to see become possessed of it, possessed 
by it, obsessed by it. The idea is in the question 
" Lovest thou me more than these ?" You may guess 
the church. 

A Very Precious Quadrangle 

There is a quadrangle of " yet not's " in the fourth 
chapter of Second Corinthians which saves a situation 
that would otherwise be desperate indeed. Of course 
we are " pressed." " perplexed," " pursued." " smitten 
down," but what of it ? That must be expected. That 
all belongs to our job. The fact of real importance is 
the one introduced by the " yet not " in each case. It 
marks the difference between discipline and despera- 
tion. It also draws the line between defeat and victory. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 



I switch the light and close the door 
And settle in my bed to rest 
Full certain that my prayers are heard 
And that God's care is best. 

Content I close my eyes in sleep; 
Through hours of starlight dim 
I trust that all on earth is well 
And leave my soul with him. 

When morning comes and all awake, 

Perhaps I too shall share 

In taking up the daily thread; 

If not, why should I care? 

For God does all things in his way 
While means of men grow slim; 
There is no praise in nights and days. 
But life and love with him. 
Xorth Manchester, Ind. 

God's Remedy for Worry 


If Paul had been writing directly to us today he 
could scarcely have given a more pertinent message 
than he does in the instruction he gives to the Philip- 
pian Christians (4:6-7). 
"In nothing be anxious." 

" Don't worry " is exceedingly sensible advice, for 
anxiety can not change conditions. Some one has aptly 
said, " Don't worry about what you can help and don't 
worry about what you can't help; if you can help it do 
so, instead or spending your time worrying about it ; if 
you can't help it, worrying about it doesn't do any 

Jesus did not worry, yet from a human standpoint 
he had as much cause for worry as any of us have. So 
many people worry about the temporal things of life. 
Jesus said to a would-be follower : " The foxes have 
holes and the birds of the heaven have nests, but the 
Son of man hath not where to lay his head." No doubt 
he went hungry more than once because he had no food 
for the meal; if he did it caused him no anxiety. As 
far as we know when he died his entire earthly pos- ' 
sessions consisted of the clothing he was wearing, but 
he did not worry. If we knew we had one enemy who 
was only waiting his chance to kill us I wonder if we 
would not be worried about it. Jesus had not one but 
dozens of enemies who were seeking his life and still 
he went along day by day absolutely calm. 

Some of Jesus' followers have faced the most trying 
circumstances without anxiety. After James had been 
beheaded Peter was arrested and was awaiting his exe- 
cution. From a human standpoint there was no pos- 
sibility of his escape from jail — chains held him there 
and sixteen soldiers, four at a time, kept constant 
guard. The last night came ; on the morrow his life 
was to be taken, and yet so peaceful was he that he was 
sleeping when the angel came to rescue him. Paul 
lived out this teaching in his own life and in shipwreck, 
in facing a murderous mob, or imprisoned in a misera- 
ble dungeon, he could maintain a Christlike calmness. 

"But in everything by prayer and supplication with 
thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto 

The advice Paul gives against worrying would seem 
too impossible to us common mortals if he had stopped 
when he had said, " In nothing be anxious." But he 
does not stop there, he goes on to tell us how to carry 
out his command. The way to drive darkness out of a 
room is not to try to drive it out, but to let in the light. 
The best way to get rid of an undesirable emotion is to 
arouse an opposite one. The following incident, though 
perhaps not one we would want to copy, illustrates this 
point. A high school student was so embarrassed in 
the expression class he could scarcely give the piece he 
was trying to give. His teacher stood beside him and 
imitated him. He became so angry he forgot his fear 
and embarrassment and gave the selection in a very 

creditable manner. When he finished his teacher said, 
" That was just what I was working for." When the 
disciples were afraid in the storm Jesus rebuked them 
for their lack of faith, which had it been present would 
have prevented them from being afraid. 

" Instead of worrying about things," Paul says, 
" pray about them." We often sing, and how true it is : 

" O what peace we often forfeit, 

O what needless pain we bear; 
All because we do not carry 
' Everything to God in prayer." 

No matter how big or little, how insignificant or how 
dark the problem is we can take it to God in prayer. 
He is our Father, he loves us better than our parents 
love us, or we love our children, and he can do more 
for us than the best and most resourceful earthly par- 
ent can do for his child. Perhaps the pocketbook is 
empty, or sickness is in the home, or we have been mis- 
treated, or something else is bothering us, it is not a 
time to worry but a time to pray, to cast our burden 
upon the Lord and to leave it with him. Not forget- 
ting to thank him for what he has done in the past. 
Today I read a letter written by a woman whose hus- 
band is in the hospital critically ill. She said, " I have 
put it into the Lord's hands and I know he will do 
what is best." 

"And the peace of God, which passe th all under- 
standing, shall guard your hearts and your thoughts in 
Christ Jesiis." 

The very fact that we trust God and bring our prob- 
lems to him helps us to keep from worrying about 
them. The psychology of Paul's instruction is sound, 
but there is more than a psychological reaction when 
we pray about the trying things of fife. God answers 
the prayer with a peace that is not human and is not 
comprehensible, " the peace of God, which passeth all 
understanding." Sometimes he answers the prayer by 
changing the trying condition that has been tempting 
us to worry, at other times the condition remains the 
same ; in either case his peace drives away the worry 
and stands as a sentinel at the door to keep it out. No 
wonder Jesus never worried, he lived so close to God 
the peace of God was always guarding his heart and his 

A person acquainted with the circumstance told this 
incident. A beautiful young woman, the only child of 
the home, was drowned. When the mother came on 
the scene, she knelt beside her lifeless child and said, 
" Eighteen years ago you came into our home and you 
have been the joy of it all the years since. The Lord 
gave you to us and he has taken you away and I can 
only say, ' His will be done.' " Not human," no, it was 
only the peace of God in her heart that kept her at such 
a time. 

I heard one of our missionaries relate this incident: 
Shortly after she and others went to China a decree 
was passed ordering the cutting off of the Chinese 
queues. The ones doing it there were very untactful; 
when a Chinese man came down the streets his queue 
was cut off. They were very angry and placed the 
blame upon the foreigners. As a result of their rea- 
soning they decreed that the foreigners of that section 
should all be massacred on a certain night. A list of 
names, including the missionaries, was prepared, all of 
them were to be killed. The missionaries kept praying 
about the matter. The night that had been set came. 
This missionary and the other lady in the home had 
their" worship together as usual; they read some of 
God's promises and committed everything into his care. 
As they were ready to retire, at first they thought they 
would sleep together, then they decided each one would 
go to her room as usual. This missionary when she 
got to her room, opened her windows as she always 
did. It was a beautiful moonlight night. Without fear 
she went to sleep and slept the entire night. The sequel 
of the story, as they heard later, was that a few days 
before the fatal day one of the Chinese began to be 
afraid and told the others that the missionaries had 
said their God was very powerful ; he said, "If we dis- 
please him by killing the missionaries he may punish us 
in a way that will be worse than having our queues 
cut off." And the decree was changed. 

At the time of the Johnstown flood a man, with oth- 

ers, when he saw what had happened, grabbing a strong 
rope in his hand, rushed out on the bridge hoping to 
help rescue anyone unfortunate enough to be in the 
river. As he stood on the bridge he noticed a house, 
almost submerged, being carried along with the current. 
On the roof of the building, as it came nearer, he saw 
a woman reclining. He threw his rope but it just 
failed to reach the building. Hastily he went to the 
other side of the bridge and again just missed the 
building. Then the woman knowing her last hope was 
gone, raised her face. He expected to see it distorted 
with fear but instead he looked into a face perfectly 
calm and trustful. She smiled at him in recognition of 
his efforts to save her and then was carried on to cer- 
tain death. As the man told this incident to a friend of 
his, the friend said, " That was the peace of God that 
kept her." 

Paul's message is for us, " In nothing be anxious ; 
but in everything by prayer .and supplication with 
thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto 
God. And the peace of God, which passeth all under- 
standing, shall guard your hearts and your thoughts in 
Christ Jesus." 

Johnson City, Term. 

Law Enforcement 


There is much in the air these days about law en- 
forcement, or the lack of it. Some would have us be- 
lieve that there is an utter disregard for all law among 
the citizens as a whole ; and some, seemingly with pride 
point to the large number of murderers, thieves, boot- 
leggers, grafters and moral perverts, as though the 
whole country was a seething mass of lawbreakers. 

I do not share this pessimistic view. In my business 
I come in contact with scores of people in all walks of 
life, and so far as I am able to see, the very large ma- 
jority of these people are gqod, honest, upright, law- 
abiding citizens. I da not know a single bootlegger, 
and but few who drink, and all of these are heartily 
ashamed of it; and this is in California where condi- 
tions are said to be very bad. 

And yet, we all know that conditions are really quite 
serious. We read about them in the papers. Law en- 
forcement officials tell us. something of the conditions. 
Our penal institutions are crowded. Atrocious crimes 
are being committed at our very doors. There is too 
much disrespect for law. But who or what is to blame? 
Frantic efforts are being made by some who are in 
power to remedy the conditions. An outraged citizen- 
ry is demanding that something be done, and yet we 
seem to be in a hopeless tangle. The people still obey 
only such laws as are well pleasing to themselves, and 
this leads me to say that not all lawbreakers are violat- 
ing all the laws. They simply choose to disregard such 
laws as they do not like. Church members have not 
been blameless in this respect in the past or even at the 
present time. 

It seems to me that the matter of law enforcement, 
whether in church or state, resolves itself into a matter 
of public sentiment. Laws to be obeyed must have 
back of them the will of the people to obey the law. 
This public sentiment can only be secured by teaching, 
teaching, teaching. Sentiment comes from teaching, 
teachers come from convictions, and right convictions 
and righteous conceptions come from God. 

Laws and regulations without these things back of 
them become lifeless forms and a stench, and right or 
wrong, no law was ever successfully enforced that was 
not preceded by teachers and prophets of conviction. 

Here we are falling down. We have the Eighteenth 
amendment and the Volstead act for its enforcement. 
Because it is a part of the constitution of our govern- 
ment we concluded that the battle was over and the vic- 
tory won and we could now look for new worlds to 
conquer, forgetting that since the enactment of these 
laws there has matured a new generation of people who 
are not acquainted with the horrors of the open saloon 
or the degrading influence of intoxicating liquor ex- 
cept in a general way. Meanwhile the liquor interests, 
more wise than we in this respect, have been quite ac- 
tive in keeping their agents busy, spreading propaganda 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

in every conceivable form, until we find today that 
some of the very elect are being deceived. 

The same thing is true with regard to war. While 
the servants slept, the enemy sowed the tares. When 
the war was over, it was to countless thousands the 
last war. It was a war to end war and we won. But 
right on the heels of the peace pact greater prepara- 
tions for the next war were being planned by the na- 
tions than had ever been known before. We were ex- 
pecting laws, treaties of peace, etc., to make it possible 
for us to take our ease in Zion. Well, it simply does 
not come that way. We are still not ready for peace. 
Or the world is not,ready for it because we have not 
done the preparing. 

I am not as pessimistic as some who claim that we 
have done nothing in the matter, but I am sure that we 
are all agreed that we have been working all too little at 
the job. This is the teaching time, the sowing time. 
Prophets and teachers of conviction were never needed 
so much as today. These are the forerunners of right- 
eous laws and treaties, which when enacted, will not 
need submarines, battleships, bombs, poison gas and 
disease germs, to make them workable, for the people 
having been taught the way of righteousness shall serve 
the Lord joyfully. 

Riverside, Calif. 

■ • ■ 

God — The Seeker of the Lost 


In Three Parts — Part One 
In Luke Fifteen is to be found a group of parables 
relating to a single subject, as a similar group is assem- 
bled in Matt. 13 on the kingdom of heaven. The sub- 
ject of the triplet of parables in Luke is The Lost. The" 
first two are closely related, being given in self-defense, 
while the third, though having the same subject, is 
offensive— a thrust at his critics. In the first two God 
is seeking the lost ; in the third the lost son returns to 
meet his waiting father. 

Jesus' tender regard for the shepherd and his life is 
evident. So much so that he called himself the Good 
Shepherd. Moreover, this whole incident is a revela- 
tion of God as a Shepherd. " What is God like?" is a 
question that enters the mind of everyone who thinks. 
Here is Jesus' answer: He is like a shepherd. It is 
not easy for mankind to think of God as a Good Shep- 
herd. We are prone to think of his power as shown 
in the thunder storm, the earthquake, the volcano. We 
can think of his unapproachable holiness, of his won- 
derful beauty and majesty ; but that he is good, that he 
is Love — to think this is harder. And it is this view 
of God which Jesus came to reveal. Jesus expresses 
the shepherdhood of God in three words: "Lost," 
" seeking," " until he find." 

Jesus did not call men sinners, but lost — lost like 
sheep, not by choice or evil intent but by a weak will 
and heedlessness ; or lost like a coin, not from its own 
choice or guilt, but by the carelessness of another ; or 
lost like the son, by deliberate choice. But however it 
may have happened, they are lost— gone astray, unable 
to find the way, separated from their rightful environ- 
ment, from the company of good and God. 

But God is seeking, like the shepherd or the woman 
who had lost her coin. How is he seeking? By the un- 
rest of conscience, the sense of remorse, the upstart of 
a sense of duty, the aspiration to a better life, hopes 
fulfilled, hopes blasted. And most of all by the cross 
planted on Calvary, which speaks of his solicitude for 
the lost. 

Not only is God seeking, but he seeks and seeks " un- 
til he finds." He is not satisfied with the ninety-nine 
safe in the fold. He is after the one that is lost. And 
here is a picture of a tender shepherd : when he finds 
the lost sheep he does not scold nor drive it, but carries 
it on his shoulders. He rejoices and asks his friends to 

" Even so, there is rejoicing in heaven over one sin- 
ner that repents." " Sinner " is the word used by the 
proud Pharisees and is here quoted by Jesus with in- 
tent. This is the message, the interpretation of the 
parable, and is the avowed justification for Jesus' as- 
sociating with the outcast " publicans and sinners," for 

which the Jewish leaders scorned him. Note the gen- 
tleness of Jesus' rejoinder to their criticism: "What 
man among you, if he have a hundred sheep — " 

Their criticism could not be passed by lightly. He 
continues his reply with another story having a differ- 
ent setting but the same meaning. It is a domestic 
scene, familiar to them as well as to himself. A house- 
wife has lost a coin— most probably a dowry coin, one 
of the several coins making up a necklace. It was an 
heirloom, very precious. A string broke and let one 
of the valued coins drop off— where? No one knows. 
It must be found. It would be a disgrace to hand down 
this family necklace to the next generation with one 
coin missing. Each generation was to add a new one, 
and the "record must be complete. What an earnest 
search is made; what a dust is raised as the anxious 
woman sweeps every corner of the ill lighted room. 
When at last she finds it she is so happy she can not 
keep her joy to herself, but asks the neighbors to cele- 
brate the event with her. 

Here again the story is that of a " lost " object. Peo- 
ple are lost like coins dropped from the hand, a string 
broken in an unguarded moment. It is not the fault of 
the coin, but of the hand. As Jesus saw it, many a 
publican was an outcast, a victim of gloom, not by his 
own choice, but because of the indifference, the neg- 
lect of cold-hearted churchmen. And what of children 
born to a life of shame, sorrow and misery on account 
of ignorant, sinning parents, or of a negligent society, 
or of a heartless industrial tyranny? 

Note that Jesus teaches the value of one life, the 
worth of the individual. " Even so, there is joy among 
the angels of heaven over one sinner that repents " — 
a lost one" who is found, Jesus would say. And note 
the thoroughness of the search. God often raises a 
dust to find his lost ones. The dust of an aroused con- 
science, of domestic strife or sorrow, the dust of social 
upheaval, of national awakening. Is it too much to say 
that amid the dtist of civil war, of revolution, of inter- 
national strife God is seeking the lost, the oppressed 
and downtrodden ? Joy in heaven ! A lost coin (soul) 
is found. And God is searching. It is he who is con- 
cerned for those who have been allowed to drop away 
and be lost. What an answer to his critics ! What a 
revelation of God ! God is like the seeking shepherd 
and the searching housewife. 
St. Joseph, Mo. 

renewing of your minds that ye may prove what is that 
good and acceptable and perfect will of God." 

However, " a man's a man for a' that." Let us be- 
lieve with Robert Burns that " for a' that " we may all 
be brothers and follow the Master's new command to 
" Love one another." 

Lamed, Kans. 

The Price of Being Different 


Have you ever as a city man lived in the country, or 
as a farmer visited the city ? 

Have you as a poor man entered the circle of the 
rich, or being a moneyed man sojourned with poverty ? 

Have you as a white man traveled in the land of the 
black, brown, yellow or red, or vice versa? 

Have you with culture, education and refinement 
been taunted by the crude and vulgar? Or lacking these 
advantages, have you been snubbed by the snobbish 

Have you as a Protestant been given a cool reception 
among Catholics or Jews? If Catholic or Jew, have the 
Protestants slighted you? 

Have you in overalls been jeered by the man with a 
" white collar job "? Or in a " white collar job," been 
ridiculed by the wearer of overalls ? 

Have you as a rough westerner crossed the portals 
of the effeminate ( ?) east, or as a " tender-foot " east- 
erner invaded the precincts of a " gun-carrying " ( ?) 
west ? 

Have you " stood up for " a long cherished opinion 
to be called an " old fogy " or ventured to broach a new 
one to be censured as too progressive or modern ? 

If any of these or similar experiences have been 
yours, you know something of the price of being dif- 
ferent. The crowd in which we happen to be has its 
own technique for punishing those who dare to be, or 
do, or say something different. 

We should neither be habitual conformists nor non- 
conformists, but " prove all things and hold fast to that 
which is good," regardless of the crowd. "Be not 
conformed to this world, but be ye transformed by the 

Five Year Program in China Challenges the 
Church of the Brethren 


The low spirituality of the Christian church in Chi- 
na, and the present tendency and effort of many of 
those in authority in China to discredit the Christian 
church in the eyes of the common people, have recently 
'become the grave concern of many of the Christian 
leaders in China, both Chinese and foreign. The Chi- 
nese church can not remain as it is ; it must either go 
forward or go adrift. Therefore, a few months ago 
the National Christian Council for China endorsed and 
urged a special and simultaneous advance in all lines 
of Christian endeavor during the next five years in 
China. The special effort is to be known as the Five 
Year Program. The National Christian Council is do- 
ing all in its power to help the churches in this special 
advance movement. 

This five year movement has a two-fold objective. 
First, the cultivation among Christians of a deeper 
knowledge of Christ, of a more intimate fellowship 
with him, and of a more courageous following of him 
in all the relationships of life. Second, the carrying 
out of a vigorous evangelistic program in the hope that 
within the next five years the number of Christians 
will at least be doubled. Immediate steps are being 
taken by the National Christian Council to enlist the 
prayers of Christians in China and other lands on be- 
half of this Five Year Program. Every member of the 
Church of the Brethren ought to be vitally interested 
in this movement. 

The Church of the Brethren in China called a meet- 
ing at Ping Ting Hsien to discuss how we might get 
definitely behind this movement. This meeting was 
held Oct. 28-30. A goodly number of our church lead- 
ers attended this meeting. All who attended the meet- 
ing came away with high hopes and aspirations for the 
growth of the Christian church in China. A new vision 
of the work of the church in China and an earnest de- 
sire to get our church definitely into the program of this 
new movement as soon as possible were further results 
of this meeting. 

Much of the credit for the fine results of the meet- 
ing must be given to Mr. F. L. Chang, of Shanghai, 
who was with us and led us in our discussions. Mr. 
Chang is one of the most even tempered and enthusi- 
astic educated Chinese Christians that China has today. 
Everyone at the meeting was impressed with his ex- 
cellent Christian spirit and attitude. His outline for 
the three days' discussion 'had three main divisions. 
First, What is the Five Year Movement:' Second. The 
first steps in the Five Year Movement. Third, The 
work of the country church. ' Below is a brief outline 
of these main topics and a few worth-while statements 
that came forth in the discussions. 
/. Wltat Is the Five Year Movement? 

First, it is a movement to revive and deepen the spir- 
itual life of the Christians. It was decided that this 
could be best done by encouraging a more definite and 
effective prayer life and a more diligent searching of 
the Scriptures on the part of every individual Chris- 
tian. Second, it is a movement for a larger evangel- 
ism—the greatest evangelistic force is the Christian's 
daily life. During the next five years we want to urge 
the Christians to manifest an extraordinary life in their 
communities from the standpoint of their words, ac- 
tions, attitudes and service. Third, it is a movement to 
establish the Chinese republic. The new government 
and political party are also seeking to do this thing. 
They are emphasizing the intellectual and material 
phases of this work. It is up to the church to supply 
the moral and spiritual ideals which are necessary if 
the work of establishing the Chinese republic is to be 
a real success. Fourth, it is a movement which in- 

(Continucd on Page 10) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

World Peace in Current Events 


In considering current events under the above title. 
heretofore we were reviewing events after they had 
taken place. This time we are dealing with an event of 
such unusual importance that we can not afford to wait 
until it is all over. By thinking it over beforehand in- 
stead of afterwards we shall be in a position to con- 
sider the important question of whether we can and 
should have a part in shaping this particular event in 
the world's history. 

We refer to the London Naval Conference, to be 
opened Jan. 21, 1930. As this is being written press dis- 
patches are flashing all over the globe the news that 
the King of England is going to open the Conference 
in person and make the initial address. From this we 
readily infer the importance which the ruler of the 
greatest empire in the world attaches to this approach- 
ing event. Our next reflection raises the question of 
just how much importance you and I, and the millions 
of other individual citizens, ought to attach to it. Here 
we can not refrain from recalling a few words from 
President's Hoover's recent address to congress. " Up- 
on the conference shortly to be held in London," said 
the President, " will depend such moderation as we 
can make in naval expenditure. If we shall be com- 
pelled to undertake the naval construction implied in 
the Washington Arms Treaty, as well as other con- 
struction which would appear to be necessary if no 
international agreement can be completed, we shall be 
committed during the next six years to a construction 
expenditure of upward of $1,200,000,000 besides the 
necessary further increase in costs for annual upkeep." 
That is an expenditure of about twelve dollars per 
capita for the citizens of the United States, for battle- 
ship construction alone. The cost of maintenance and 
operation would be in addition to this. That means 
that if the London Naval Conference is a failure it will 
cost each member of the Giurch of the Brethren, for 
himself and for each person dependent upon him, the 
sum of twelve dollars for battleship construction, plus 
the cost of maintenance. With a membership of one 
hundred thirty thousand, and figuring conservatively 
one dependent upon each member, this would mean a 
financial charge of three million one hundred twenty 
thousand dollars against the Church of the Brethren 
for construction of additional battleships in case the 
London Naval Conference should be a failure. This 
statement is accurately figured on the basis of the re- 
cent message of President Hoover to the congress of 
the United States. 

There is doubtless not a member of our Brotherhood 
who is not deeply interested in the outcome of the Lon- 
don Naval Conference, and willing to do all in his 
power to help insure its success, the moment he under- 
stands it. This is one of the critical battles in the war 
on war — the spiritual war on the carnal war between 
nations. Neither is there a single member in any con- 
gregation who can not make his influence felt on the 
side of success for the London Conference. No one 
who gives even a cup of cold water in the name of the 
Prince of Peace shall lose his reward. Who can not 
do that much or more for the success of the London 
Conference in the interest of world peace? Specifical- 
ly, what is on our heart to suggest is this : There needs 
to be held in each congregation a special meeting, first 
for the purpose of informing public sentiment as to 
the purpose of the London Conference; secondly, for 
the purpose of uniting an enlightened public in earnest 
and specific prayer for the success of the Conference; 
third, for the purpose of voting out definite, intelligent 
and forceful resolutions to convey to the London Naval 
Conference the public sentiment of the community. 
This would amount to substantial " backing from 
home " for the American delegation at London and a 
heartening evidence of sympathy for every other dele- 
gation in the Conference. We have more than a thou- 
sand local churches, each one of which could do as 
above suggested. These resolutions, dated and signed 
in the various communities from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific, could be collected, appropriately by the World 
Peace Department of the Board of Religious Educa- 

tion, combined in the form of a memorial, and trans- 
mitted to the London Conference. If sent by personal 
messenger, and this messenger kept in Conference cir- 
cles during the entire period of the Conference, the in- 
fluence of our church would be designed to be most 
effective. This world peace representative of our 
church could return home on the successful completion 
of his mission, with a degree of training for future 
service in world peace work which could not be secured 
as effectively in any other way. 

In view of what our church has at stake in the suc- 
cess or failure of the London Naval Conference — far 
in excess of three million dollars, as well as world 
peace, civilization, and Christianity, we wish to com- 
mend to every brother and sister earnest consideration 
of what can and should be done in this connection. 

~Bcthany, III. 

The Women's Work of Elkhart City and the 


Last summer our missionary society decided to use 
mite boxes to help in raising missionary money. We 
bought half-pint ice cream containers, and at our 
monthly meeting in August we covered them with 
pretty colored paper. A coin slot was made in the top of 
each of the boxes. Every sister was given one. Into 
it she was to put her weekly savings. 

On Dec. 10 our missionary society met at the home 
of the pastor. A program was rendered, and at the 
close of the program the boxes were opened by the 
president and the secretary. The boxes averaged more 
than one dollar per box. All seemed pleased with the 
result, and other sisters are becoming interested. We 
decided to send this money to the General Mission 

I had just received a letter from the Council of 
Woman's Work, so brought the matter before the so- 
ciety. Our president pleaded with us that we comply 
with the request, that we pray daily for this accomplish- 
ment of the raising of the missionary deficit. 

Elkhart, Ind. 

Is the Question " Can We?" or " Will We?" 


Again a challenge has come to the women of our 
church in that we have been asked to help to raise the 
second half of the deficit in our missionary budget. 
Now, dear sister or Aid Society, have you been alarmed 
or disturbed because it has come, or are you thankful 
that those who have come to us have shown by this that 
they feel we can or will do it? Perhaps as'you came 
together to talk it over you said : " We have already 
done such big, hard things." But just so much the 
more should we have courage to try another. He who 
helped in accomplishing the other tasks will give you 
wisdom and strength for this one, even though it be a 
greater one. 

If you should have made the above statement, did 
you also remember how much joy came first to those 
for whom these things were done, and last but not 
least, to you because of having been able or accounted 
worthy to help in so great a service ? 

It may be you have asked yourself or others, " Is it 
wise or fair to ask so much in this time of ' storm and 
stress ' and when no doubt many of the fathers and 
sons of your homes may be out of employment?" But 
may we not forget this assuring fact that " Man's ex- 
tremity is God's opportunity," and that many times 
when we feel weakest God manifests himself in such a 
way that instead of being weak we have unusual 
strength. When Paul came up against the hard things 
he strengthened his courage by saying: " I can do all 
things through Christ who strengthened! me." 

Now just a few suggestions as to how we might help 
in a way that would surprise ourselves. If we as sis- 
ters and housewives would save at least half in the 
preparations of many of our Sunday dinners, our 
Christmas, Thanksgiving and reunion festivities, and 
the many other provisions we are making continually 
just for the satisfying of our natural appetites, and 

many times if not always to the detriment of our phys- 
ical condition, we would be astounded at the sum that 
would accumulate for the Lord's treasury if we were 
willing to place it there. 

Again, we might make that piece of furniture last 
another year, or the rug might serve another season, or 
we might " get by " with one less dress or at least a less 
expensive one. 

Then you might think of telling your friends or home 
folks that you could very well get through without- that 
Christmas or birthday present that the Lord might have 
more for his needy ones. 

Surely those who have brought this challenge are 
trusting us. Will we betray this trust? May we watch 
and pray ! Watch that nothing come between us and 
our duty and pray that God will give us wisdom and 
strength to do our part. 

Remember that a part of the victory depends on you, 

Sidney, Ohio. 

And So Let Us Give 


A few weeks ago our little city put on a drive for a 
community chest fund of 27,000 dollars to be used by 
the associated charities for various needy causes in the 
city. The time in which to raise this money was lim- 
ited to just one week. No paid workers were used or 
outside help. All the work connected with this drive 
was done by local people who gladly donated their time. 
Every one who lives in the town was offered an oppor- 
tunity to share in this giving. Any amount was ac- 
ceptable from a penny given by a child up to the larger 
checks given by our well-to-do people. The child who 
gave the penny received the " I Gave " button and wore 
it just as proudly as did the individual who could give 
a thousand dollars. No publicity was given to indi- 
vidual contributions. When the drive closed they not 
only had the $27,000 but $7,000 over and above,' for 
good measure. 

If our little city of something like 12,000 people can 
raise $34,000 in one week for charitable purposes, I am 
wondering just what would happen to our missionary 
deficit if the women of our- various organizations could 
tackle this problem in a like spirit? I fully realize that 
what our little town has done in this drive does not 
greatly interest the readers of the Messenger, except 
as an example of just what can be done by a united, 
self-sacrificing effort, and a will to pull together for 
the common good of all. 

If our committee on women's work can succeed in 
getting the various organized groups of women in the 
local churches interested enough to take this matter up 
in their classes and* societies, this work can be done 
easily and without any added expense. I am trying to 
vision — and I wish we all could get a vision of what 
will happen to that deficit by the first of next March — 
that is, if our sisters really get enthusiastically inter- 
ested. Never 'since the beginning of our organized 
work have our sisters failed to make good a pledge or 
promise, or to meet an emergency. This is an 
emergency, a challenge. It comes to us properly 
sponsored by the General Mission Board. There 
need be no overhead expense. The Mission Board 
is prepared to care for and properly account for 
all offerings. Sister Murphy and the Woman's 
Council through the Messenger will give the needed 
publicity. The organized units in the local churches are 
the groups who should become responsible for this 
work in their community. If this is properly done we 
can not fail in this great cause. With all working to- 
gether unitedly, earnestly and prayerfully, we have a 
right to expect great things. Let our slogan be John 
3 : 16. God so loved the world that he gave his Son. 
And let us so love, and so let us give. 

Ashland, Ohio. 

Look for the Best 


All around us there are things beautiful and things 
not beautiful, things we hate to see, but can not close 
our eyes to. But the question I ask you is, " What are 
you looking for?" 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

If „e are inclined to be critical we will miss seeing 
a hmt and fix our gaze only on the worst. 
*Vo xatple: Two persons meet a friend they have 
not seen for a while. After he leaves them, one says . 
"H seems just the same as he did years ago " The 
other replies, " Yes, but he looks so old and he does not 

^Imatters these, but the critic can find nothing 
good to say, and instead of saying nothing he must say 
the unpleasant thing. 

"The cloudiest night has a hint of light 
Somewhere in its shadow hiding, 
And it's better far to hunt a star ^ 
Than the spots on the sun abiding." 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

The Challenge of Stewardship to Men 

(Address delivered .. « P^f* z " ^SZ^S^" C ^4 
f&SS &42Zbfe2J-££* L* Activities, M. E. 

tlU,7Cl..-W. J. W.) 

No other single Christian idea, hitherto so long neg- 
lected is receiving so much attention today as Christ s 
concept of stewardship. This new accentuation is more 
in accord with the original emphasis which the steward- 
ship idea was given in the Master's messages. Only 
once so far as the record goes, did Jesus enjoin the ob- 
servance of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, but 
this one injunction was sufficient to secure its perpetual 
celebration. Although he instituted baptism as a sign 
of the Christian profession and a symbol of the new 
birth yet only twice did Jesus mention this solemn and 
significant ordinance. So vital and imperative did he 
regard stewardship, however, that he made it central 
and outstanding in his teaching, and while he always 
put personalitv before property, still we can trace no 
less than thirty-two references in his sayings to the 
property aspect of stewardship alone. 

The challenge of stewardship to men is at least four- 
I It is a challenge to a deeper experience of Christ. 

Why should we lead shallow, empty, or impoverished 
lives when within the reach of every one of us are in- 
exhaustible depths of spiritual grace, wisdom, and love, 
, and unworked veins of untold spiritual wealth? Even 
our spiritual perils afford opportunity for deepening 
our- acquaintance with Christ and gaining fresh evi- 
dences of his conquering might. Should we not be 
startled if sin does not seem more sinful to us now than 
ever before? Do we look with complacency or indif- 
ference upon its sad and cruel effects? Unless we are 
vigilant in the cultivation of our own lives spiritually, 
there will be created a great chasm between what we en- 
join upon others and what we ourselves are and do. 

The primary purpose of stewardship is spiritual— 
the winning of the entire man for God. It seeks to 
prevent the evasion of any part of our personal re- 
sponsibility and to correct the attitude of partial con- 
formity to Christ. The true steward takes Christ not 
only as Savior but also as Lord. When his Lordship 
is duly recognized and acknowledged, the result is a 
stewardship that manifests itself in all the ways of life. 
Too long have men who are professing Christians with- 
held from Christ, unchallenged, anything they consider 
inconvenient to place at his disposal. Many have given 
money but have withheld their time and talents; others 
have given service to ease their consciences from the 
guilt of withholding their money. In reality he is Lord 
—Lord of all— and we are stewards, stewards of every- 
thing—personality, powers, and possessions. 

It is not howjnuch of ourselves, our time, our talent, 
and our money we give, but whether we give every- 
thing, that counts most in his sight and leads to the full- 
ness of life in 'him. To be one hundred per cent Chris- 


Official Organ of the- Church of the Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. . E. Arnold, Oen- 
er.l Manage" 16 *o 21 S. State St., Elgin, HI., at 52.00 per annua, u, 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty centa extra.) 

Entered at the Postoulce at Elgin, -111., as S~on«-cla.« Matt er 
Acceptance (or .nulling »t special rate „( p,.al,.|I0 i.r lied lor In 
BMlou 1103, Act 0( October 3. 1917, authorised August -0. una. 

tian in our thinking, our loving, and our living is the 
only way to the highest individual attainment and the 
greatest social achievement. What is the goal of the 
stewardship movement? It is perfection in Christ: the 
bringing of every thought into captivity to him the 
consecration of all our emotions, the complete dedica- 
tion of our wills, the redemption of all our activities, 
that like Epaphras we may stand perfect and complete 
in all the will of God. The challenge of stewardship 
to men then is to explore and go on exploring Christ, 
until we become complete in him, who is not only the 
Author but also the Finisher of our faith, 
a The challenge of stewardship to men is a challenge 
to the Christian use of power. 

Man is not the true owner or sole originator of 
power All power has both its origin and its title in 
God " God hath spoken once ; twice have I heard this ; 
that power belongeth unto God " (Psa. 62: 11). M 
power is given unto me in heaven and in earth (Matt. 
28- 18). Man is but a steward of the power that has 
been divinely committed to him as a trust. All our 
use or abuse of power of whatever kind is a testimony 
either for or against God. ■ 

(a) Personality is a power to the Christian use of 
which stewardship calls us. 

In the thought of many people stewardship stands 
for the giving of money on a percentage basis, itus 
is unfortunate because it puts to the front that which 
is an effect of proper spiritual adjustment with God 
instead of that which is the cause of such adjustment. 
'The Macedonian call of the first century is likewise the 
Macedonian call of the twentieth century: " First, give 
vourselves to the Lord." 

' Stewardship comprehends the claim of God upon per- 
sonality and possessions, upon the spiritual as well as 
the material, and primarily upon the spiritual as con- 
trolling the material. It is a mistake to suppose that 
the supreme test of the Christian life ,s the financial 
test Rather it is found in such heart search.ngs as 
these- " How much of myself have I given to God. 
- Does he have first place in my heart?" '. Do I prize 
his kingdom above everything else in life? Is it my 
dominant desire to please and honor him and give him 
the best of all that I am and have? ' 

The reign of Christ should be extended over every 
area of human life. The defilement of the body is the 
mutilation or destruction of the property of God; so 
also is the misuse or" abuse of the mind. If it be 
wreck to be a debauchee, a drunkard, a tar. a ibertine 
a murderer, a thief, or a villain in the sight of God t 
is just as truly a wreck when a man of ability and cul- 
ture capable of benefiting society in a large way, de- 
votes himself altogether to pecuniary profits or per- 
sonal pleasure. If men are to wage successful war are 
against the forces of evil, against all the influences that 
disintegrate faith and undermine character they mus 
yield themselves utterly and absolutely to the sway of 
the living Christ and make it their constant endeavor to 
respond to his will and express his purpose in their 

llV (b) Prayer is a power to the use of which as Chris- 
tian men stewardship calls 'us. ,,:„„,< 
Every steward is under obligation to keep himself 
fit for the Master's business. Only constant com- 
munion with God" can insure this P*"**"" J° 
pray is as much a part of one's stewardship as to test, 
fy or to acquire and administer property. It is not by 
conventions and conferences that we are to know the 
will of God and do it, but in meetings oftwo in which 
Christ makes the second, and of three in which he 
makes the third. . . 

Dr Chalmers had the habit of breaking away entire 
lv from the presence of men and shutting himself in 
alone with God and his word for self-examination, re- 
flection, communion, and resolution; he spent one day 
a month in this vital manner. 

Prayer is a great living reality among the working 
forces of the kingdom of God, a spiritual service of 
extraordinary significance. It is the climax o the 
equipment of the spiritual warrior. Intercession is he 
hlrdest, highest, costliest call of all. There is in U he 
R oing forth of vital energy, as compared with which 
L exercise of muscle or the pouring out of money is 

cheap. It is the decisive human factor in the battle 
for the spiritual mastery of the planet. 

Behold the man of prayer as alone he enters first 
the audience chamber and then the council chamber of 
the King. See him on his knees, as it were wrestling. 
So far as the human eye can tell there is no one near 
him in that holy of holies, yet he wrestles like a mighty 
man For he is wrestling now with God, and now with 
man • now with death, and now with hell. What is he 
doing in such a struggle? Doing? He is moving 
heaven and earth. He is removing mountains. He is 
hurling this mountain and that into the midst of the 
sea He is prevailing against the rulers of darkness and 
spiritual wickedness in high places. He is spoiling 
principalities and powers. He is casting down thrones. 
He is smiting to pieces old empires of Satan. Lo! the 
day breaks over his place of prayer and the kingdom of 
God begins to appear! To use this omnipotent power 
which is ours through Christ, stewardship is ever chal- 
lenging men. . . , 
(c) Property is a power to the Christian use ot 
which stewardship calls us. 

Stewardship is a principle the practice of which pre- 
serves the soul against the perils of property. ' Stew- 
ardship," says John M. Versteeg "is out to save 
money; not as the banks tell us to do it, but as Christ 
tells us. We are out to save it from dwarfing life and 

(Continued on Page 12) 

Messenger Agents 

Scattered throughout the Brotherhood are some 1,100 
men and women known as "Messenger agents Thee 
agents are appointed by the local congregations ad are 
the connecting links between the local church and the 
Brethren Publishing House. Perhaps some other name 
woud be more appropriate, for the best" Messenger 
Tgents deal not only with the " Messenger "but with other 
publications and materials handled by the House 

Some of these agents have served for many years and 
each year of service proves their worth both to the congre- 
gation and to the House. In other congregations agents 
are changed, but on the whole congregates 
P fer not to change too often. Some agents are young 
while others have seen many year. The efficiency of an 
agent is seldom determined by either age or sex. Other 
qualifications, however, are important factors m marking 
the efficiency or inefficiency of an agent. ..-,.„ 
A go d "Messenger" agent is interested m and ae.ive n 
the church and her work. He is more than a mere member 
and has more than a passive interest. M «.. n „r" 

A good "Messenger" agent knows the Messenger 
A ,„, "Messenger" and believes in the "Messenger. 
And more .h n "a he knows all our church publications 
and boosts .hem on every occasion. The Missionary Visitor 
and the Sunday-school publications always receive a kind 

™f gooT-'tssengcr" agent is bo.h able .0 get around 
among .he people and has a means of conveyance to reach 

r:r=inp^r;ot:eX,^^ $£ 

pointees to act as agents. ,„,„■-,,» re- 

A good "Messenger" agent is prompt accurate, re 
sponsfve, conscientious. He reads the 'Messenger ad 
ver.isemen.s, reads .he House to to . m pe 
sonallv answers all House inquiries and settles his accounts 
orompt'l Only now and .hen has there been an agent who 
MM « .'realize the full responsibility of handlmg money 

b T!Z "^"' agent secures .he renewal of mo, 
of hh subscribers and each year adds some new subscr - 

b0 A k go h oY"Mes,e„ g er" agen. considers himself a church 

"Messenger" and .he House, telling what people in his ter- 

ri T y :of"Mes h s e enger e '' S : n g=n r .''s.resses .he value o, ,he 
premruts JlZZ^L combina.ions become money 

Sa noo7"~r" agen. does no. Jail .0 stress the 
place and value of the "Messenger" u. .he home ,n these 
days of much trashy literature. 
Elgin, III. 


The B. and 0. Road to Heaven 

"Life is like a mountain railroad, 
With an engineer that's brave ; 
We must make the run successful 
From the cradle to the grave." 
The Baltimore and Ohio railroad is the pioneer road 
of our country. Last year this road celebrated 100 
years of sen-ice by presenting a great pageant, The 
Fair of the Iron Horse. It was my privilege to wit- 
ness this great pageant. It was a great dramatization 
of the history of man's ways of travel, from the slow, 
tiresome process of walking, up to the very latest word 
in modern invention. 

Not only is the B. & O railroad the oldest in our 
country, but it is interesting to know that the oldest 
road of the world is also a B. & O.— the B. & O. road 
to heaven. At the dose of this century we can celebrate 
the first two thousand years of its service to the peo- 
ples of the earth. What pageant will be fitting for that 
occasion ! For it is not only the oldest road, but the 
only road that leads to heaven. It has no competition. 
God may have other roads for other worlds, but the 
only road from earth to heaven is this one — the B. 

We are interested in our destination, our destiny. 
Born within each one of us is a desire, a longing, a 
passion to live on in a perfect world beyond. And 
just as there is food for the hungry and drink for the 
thirsty, there is also a place prepared for 
the longing soul. Jesus said: " I go to pre- 
pare a place." Paul said : " We know . . . 
we have a building of God, a house not 
made with hands, eternal in the heavens." 
This better world has been the theme of 
poets, prophets and angels. It is the climax- 
ing promise of the word of God. Therefore, 
since we are interested in the place, we are 
also interested in the way by which we shall 
some glad day arrive. And what is this 
way? It is by the way of man's duty — and 
man's whole duty is to believe and obey the 
word of God. 

No one can be saved except he believe. 
Believe and faith, we are told, are the same 
words. Believe is a verb; faith is a noun. 
This word means that a man believes or has 
faith to the extent that he commits his ivhole 
life into the hands of Jesus. This is putting 
it strong, but there is no other definition of 
faith as a means of grace. No wonder John 
in his gospel has so'much to say about the 
word believe! No wonder St. Paul has so 
much to say about the importance of faith. 
John's gospel was written that we might 
have faith enough to commit our lives to 
God. Have you ever read the Golden 
Text of the Bible with this definition in 
mind? " For God so loved the world, that he gave his 
only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him 
[commits his whole life to him] should not perish, but 
have eternal life." No wonder Paul says that without 
faith it is impossible to please God. Some one has 
said that faith is betting one's life that there is a God. 
Dr. Grenfell says: " Faith is the giving of substance to 
the things hoped for." And that is the real test of a 
saving faith. If a man is willing to give his material 
possessions, his substance, in exchange for things hoped 
for in the world to come, he has faith—the faith that 
saves. Could it be possible that many professing Chris- 
tians have not understood the meaning of faith? By 
their fruits ye shall know them. No wonder James 
cries out, saying: "Faith without works is dead." 
Dead faith never got any one anywhere in this world- 
much less to heaven. No one can be saved without 
committing his life to God. If you do not have faith 
you are lost. God has done his part in the plan of re- 
demption and is always faithful. He has provided a 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

way. If you want to go from Virginia to California 
you must get out on the road. If you want to go to 
heaven you must do the same. 

Obey is almost implied in the word believe. But in a 
sense it is not. We understand that the devils believe 
and tremble. If I board a train I must be obedient to 
the rules of the road. I must pay my fare, keep with- 
in bounds, respect the rights of others. On this rail- 
way of life I must also be obedient. In fact, obedience 
is one of the outstanding words of the Bible. It means 
conforming one's whole life to the ideals, standards 
and will of God. Without conforming one's life to the 
will of God everything else becomes a mockery. To 
obey is greater than sacrifice. Who are the great, out- 
standing characters of the Bible as well as the world, 
but those who are obedient to the word of God ? Jesus, 
our great Ideal, did always and only those things which 
were pleasing to his Father. Paul refused to be diso- 
bedient unto the heavenly vision. And so with every 
one whose name has become immortal. Obedience is 
the watchword of life; and without it no one can be 

Therefore, believe and obey, for there is no other 
way to heaven. To believe is to board the train that 
is bound for heaven ; to obey is to remain on board un- 
til the train pulls in. The track is laid, the train is 
ready, the bells are ringing — "All aboard." 

Batavia, HI. . .». 

Shall We Label the Bottles? 


One day in his class, Bro. E. B. Hoff (of sacred 
memory) was reminded that "you can't preach that 

he leaves whiskey, I can refuse it or call another doc- 

Should congregations wish to be deceived and pas- 
tors fear to speak the truth ? Should not both be fair 
and honest enough to wish the bottles of spiritual medi- 
cine labeled? 

Lamed, Kans. 

out in the churches." The subject under discussion 
was a very proper one for a sermon, and Bro. Hoff de- 
cided it would be all right to preach it. 

The writer has often thought of the wisdom of that 
decision. What an insult to the intelligence of the so- 
called common people is often carried in the remark: 
" But you can't preach it!" It certainly is true that the 
fodder shouldn't be placed so high that the calves can't 
reach it, nor new things taught just to disturb or create 
a sensation ; but do we not sometimes, under the guise 
of tact, practice absolute dishonesty? 

A God-fearing brother once told me he didn't believe 
it was right for preachers to " cover up " and " hold 
back" so much; that the people are paying for, and 
have a right to know, the latest and best about the 
Bible and life which the preacher can give. I agree. 
If a physician confines me to a sick bed and leaves 
some bottles of medicine, I'd much rather he should 
label the bottles; I like to know what I'm getting. In 
fact, the law requires him to label his bottles. Then, if 

Incidents in Church Life 


Recently twenty women met in one of their mis- 
sionary meetings. One lady said as she trembled : " I 
think one of the characteristics of this group is the 
fact that when asked to help everyone nods the head 
indicating that they will try. When I was asked to take 
this subject I prayed, and wanted to get out of it. I 

don't see yet why they asked me, for Sister could 

do it twice as well as I. But [here she wept] I am do- 
ing the best I can." The paper and talk were wonder- 
ful. That good soul did not realize that in such an 
effort her soul was expanding with those who listened. 

A *£* *£» *J* 

There is a promptness in the church services at 

which makes people remark : " Those members over at 

are in earnest." Sunday-school begins on time 

and closes on time, too. Church services, too, begin on 
time and close at least as early as the time expected. 
Parents bring children and use their influence in hav- 
ing them remain for preaching. The pastor is paid 
each month on time. The church is in earnest and even 
the children know it. 

4- * * * 
Members of the Huntington church are rejoicing 
that they have been able to provide such a 
beautiful place of worship out of the old 
building. Some said : " We must have a 
new building. Why waste money on that 
old building?" Now all are happy. The 
cost has been about one-fourteenth what a 
new building would have been. We are 
practically out of debt already. Best of all, 
the membership is united instead of being 
divided as is sometimes the case after build- 
ing. And why can we not get closer to- 
gether by working together anyhow ? Other 
ministers of the city are loud in praising the 
excellency of the features and the complete 
adaptability of the church. One morning a 
downpour of rain drove one denomination 
out of the basement to the main floor to con- 
duct its vacation school classes. The Church 
of the Brethren formerly had about six 
inches of water at such a time. But this 
time we had a dry place for the interesting 
group in a large, beautiful basement. 
*j» «&- a »j» 
Why is it that women are usually ahead 
with their organizations and achievements 
through these organizations? Last year a 
group turned in so much money through 
their Sunshine Bags that the men decided to 
take over the name and let the women in- 
vent another name. The women gracefully accepted 
the proposition. But the men are learning that a name 
is not the vital factor. How can women arouse men? 

•ft 4> .;. 4$ 

Some young people were called to the home of the 
pastor and given instructions on how to keep check on 
the attendance of the members for one month. The 
district was divided into four sections and a pilot 
chosen for each section. Cards were previously pre- 
pared for use in this checking. The young people were 
at all appointments that month (those doing the check- 
ing) and the concrete lesson was worth much to them. 
Besides this the effort revealed startling omissions in 
attendance for the pastor to follow up. No doubt 
other pastors will be shocked to know with what in- 
difference services are often attended. Then there is 
the concrete record of the loyalty of so many. We 
keep records of attendance at Sunday-school ; why not 
try the same thing for church members? 
4» * * 4> 

A certain Sunday-school has an enrollment of 265. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

There are 347 members of the church. Thirty-one are 
non-resident and fifty-four are COLD, so cold that 
they do not attend church nor give to its support, but 
devote themselves to the world. This leaves 262 work- 
ing church members. Now were all these members 
enrolled in the Sunday-school there would be an enroll- 
ment as large but three" as it now has. There are 
many who are not church members in that school. How 
is it in yours? The attendance a certain day was 225 
or 85% of the enrollment. How is it in yours ? Fifty- 
two per cent went home before preaching. How do 
they do at your church? 
Huntington, Ind. 




Beyond the sunset's burning gold— 
Beyond the farthest star, 
Soon shall my raptured eyes behold 
The gates of life ajar. 
Beyond the conflict and the strife — 
Beyond earth's toil and pain, 
I shall enjoy that fuller life, 
For I shall live again. 
Beyond this fleeting vale of time- 
Beyond its storm-tossed sea, 
There lies a perfect sun-crowned clime- 
God's heritage for me. 
Beyond the shadows of the tomb- 
Beyond all earthly loss, 
A light is shining through the gloom. 
It is his shining cross. _ 

Beyond the doubt, the pain, the cart- 
Beyond the struggle here, 
There lies a country bright and fair, 
Undimmed by sorrow's tear. 
Beyond the cross we here must bear- 
Beyond its ignomy, 
A crown of life is waiting there- 
Is waiting there for me. 
Beyond the utmost reach of thought— 
Beyond my wildest dreams, 
The city that my soul has sought 
In matchless splendor gleams. 
Beyond our faith, our hope, our prayer- 
Beyond all visions giv'n, 
Shall we behold him over- there— 
The King of earth and heav'n. 
■ Point, Ore. 

What Can Martha Do? 


Sakah looked up rather apprehensively when she 
saw Callie and Susie turn in her walk. For her son, 
Jimmie, was at hand in the next toom supposed to be 
studying. But she knew very well that his keen ear 
never missed anything. And these two women were 
apt to complain about some one ! 

Jimmie has been noted for outspoken speech ever 
since he has been able to say anything at all. And 
even though his speech is always truthful there are 
times when his mother thinks he might have been a bit 
more tactful. However that may be, she does not re- 
buke him like some mothers might do, for after all 
Jimmie speaks to the point. 

She opened the door to her callers and after taking 
their wraps seated them in the cosy living room. Callie 
asked her : 

" Are you the only one at home?" 
" Oh, no, Jimmie is here, too ; he is preparing for 
the mid-year examinations." 

"That's so, they are due pretty shortly," remarked 
Susie. " Bess has been studying her head off this week. 
I declare the more she studies the more nervous she 
seems to get." 

So for some little time the three talked about the 
mid-year " exams " and the school situation in general. 
But by and by they had veered around to church topics. 
There was the supper planned by the Aid Society. 
And the minister had gone to a conference of church 
workers of all faiths ; he would be making his reports. 
Sarah was breathing uneasily ; she never knew when 
Jimmie would break out! She was thinking to her- 

self, " Shame on me to be fidgeting like this ! But I 
never know what sort of an observation he is going 
to make." 

And then Callie began : " Seems to me that when we 
have such a time getting teachers in the Sunday-school 
that Martha might at least try to teach a class. But 
she won't do it." 

"Oh, Martha's that way anywhere," commented 
Susie. " Take it in the Aid Society, why she says she 
can't quilt a true line to save herself. And I don't 
know of any particular part she does play in church 

" Of course she always puts into the regular offer- 
ings and pays her dues," stipulated Callie, " but paying 
money isn't all that we ought to do, is it, Sarah?" 

But before Sarah needed to answer Jimmie was 
upon the scene, rumpling back his heavy shock of hair ; 
he looked as if he were ready to take a pugilistic stand, 
at least his mother could think of no other simile. 

"Huh? How's that? Think Martha doesn't play 
the game fair and square. Why, she's the best hitter 
we've got! If the Aid Society is having a chicken 
dinner, Martha cranks that old Ford of hers and 
drives all around gathering up stuff. Doesn't that 
amount to anything? And when any visiting church 
worker comes to town it is, ' Oh, send them over to 
Martha's, she hasn't a raft of folks to do for.' And 
I've noticed that if we young folks want to have a 
good time, that if mother here can't have us here, it's 
Martha who fills in the gap. Believe me, it makes me 
tired to hear folks running Martha down ; if there were 
half a dozen more like her our church might get some- 
where !" 

And having spoken his mind Jimmie picked up his 
cap and was gone to his chum's for some-help in pre- 
paring for the mid-year " exams." 

" Well, of all things," Callie had recovered her poise 
before Susie did. " I didn't mean to put it quite so 
strong about Martha. Why, to be sure she does her part 
just like any of the rest of us. I want you to tell Jim- 
mie that I said so." 

" That's just what I say," heartily agreed Susie, " we 
each of us have our different talents. Wasn't it St. 
Paul who said that we aren't alike?" 

Sarah thought so, her face was very thoughtful as 
she ushered her callers out of the front door. Then 
she began her preparations for supper. Jimmie and 
his father looked quite approvingly at the flaky bis- 
cuits and strawberry preserves and other good things 
to eat. 

" Say, mom, you sure do make good biscuits,," said 
Jimmie helping himself to another one. " Oh, yes, 
dad, you ought to have watched Callie and Susie open 
fheir eyes while I told them a few about Martha." 

Dad looked enquiringly at Sarah, then smiled for he 
knew that in due time he would hear about Jimmie's 
latest outbreak. 
Bloomvillc, Ohio. 

in often have a tendency to lead them thoughtlessly into 
unbecoming behavior. Any familiarities or suggestive 
actions from a girl, even though she be innocent, brand 
her as belonging to that class commonly called flapper. 
If she would have true admirers, those whose friend- 
ship and love are worth while, let her keep in behavior 
just a step ahead of him whom she would win. 

Just a step ahead in the sort of things she says. In- 
deed the single standard of morals for both sexes is the 
only right standard. But when women add to their 
vocabulary the modern slang of street and campus they 
are certainly making it easier for their brothers to fill 
the air with more slang and profanity. There are few 
men who will insult a pure, Christian woman by using 
slang and profanity in her presence. Why? Because 
they really admire and respect her beautiful ideals. 
The woman or girl who uses slang cheapens herself in 
the eyes of all cultured people. In the use of good and 
pure language she has an opportunity to be a leader in 
her circle. She can keep just a step ahead. 

Just a step ahead in the kind of thing she wears. 
Yes, dress does make a difference. It makes more dif- 
ference than many women and girls realize. Those 
poor flimsy garments, those sleeveless ones, above the 
knees — we all know them — they add nothing to the 
beauty of any woman. But they will alas, take from 
her something called " bloom " which no efforts can 
ever replace. Just as the delicate bloom on the plum is 
destroyed by handling and exposure, so is the loveliness 
of the pure, innocent girlhood crushed and marred 
when exposed to the lustful eyes of the world. As for 
ornaments, womanhood is a thing too lovely to be dis- 
figured by a display of jewelry. Jingling beads, the 
lavish exhibition of rings or bracelets, can never really 
adorn. But that ancient adornment called " a meek and 
quiet spirit " will give beauty even to ordinary features, 
and will add loveliness to the most radiant face. Such 
a woman leads man into fields of pure thought, inspires 
him to noble ambitions and helps him to live an over- 
coming life. As long as she is just a step ahead, men's 
standards will be raised in their efforts to reach her. 
The woman or girl who is modest in behavior, lan- 
guage, and dress is a pearl of great price, and is always 
— just a step ahead. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

Just a Step Ahead 


An old man who had just lost his wife told this 
story. " I dreamed last night of my dear one. Eliza- 
beth and I were traveling a long road together. We 
climbed a great hill, then on and on we went. She was 
leading me, she said, to a great mansion full of light. 
All the way she kept just a step ahead. When we 
reached the mansion we both entered in, but she was 
just a step ahead." 

Isn't that a beautiful picture of womanhood — just a 
step ahead? 

Just a step ahead in behavior. In this age when 
women are taking upon themselves many of the duties 
which in former years belonged wholly to the stronger 
sex, there is great danger of her losing some of her 
feminine charm because of her behavior. She wants 
to assert herself, but if she allows herself to don that 
boldness which attracts, instead of repelling the lustful 
gaze of the sinful eye, she lowers herself and her own 
sex in the opinion of all men. Especially do our young 
girls need to be watchful of their behavior with young 
men. Their gay hearts and the abundant energy with- 

New Lives for Old 


VII. A Self-Appointed Comraiuion 

Synopsis.-In Km plans to rebuild his fortune in Valley Center, the 

old home town, Sidney Hale is soon well on the way to making 

new Iriends. He discovers that Irene Cross, on whom he had counted 

for understanding, is no longer at Valley Center. 

Rogers laid his papers in order on the table before 
him, straightened up in his chair and looked squarely 
at Hale, who could not help but admire the aggressive 
lines of a doer. It was clear that the banker, having 
let the customer do some talking, was now ready to get 
down to certain matters on his own account. 

" Did I understand that you have severed your con- 
nection with the Morgen interests and are now in Val- 
ley Center for better or for worse?" he asked. 

" Yes, that sums up the situation very well," replied 
Hale. " I suppose I should prepare for the worse— 
though I hope for the better." 

" Do you have some particular work in mind, or 
could I interest you in a proposition?" continued 

So this was it. The substitute for Irene Cross was 
none other than himself! At least, he, Sidney Hale, 
would know what Rogers had desired to see Irene 

" Well, I do have some writing in mind that I intend 
to take up when the mood strikes me. Meanwhile you 
appreciate, Mr. Rogers, the position of a man who has 
resigned as a matter of conscience. I presume that be- 
fore so long it will be necessary for me to be gainfully 

" The employment part I can furnish, but I do not 
know with just what emphasis on the gainfully. My 
proposition is this, to offer you the position of editor 
of the Valley Center News." 

(Continued on Page 11) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 


ge church, Md., Bro. S. 
Bro. Lawrence E. Leh- 

Calendar for Sunday, January 5 
Sunday-school Lesson, Childhood of Jesus.— Matt. 2: 10- 

Christian Workers' Meeting, "Revolutions." 
+ *» + .+ 
Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptized in the Pampa church, Texas. 

One baptized in the Glendora church, Calif. 

One baptized in the Waynesboro church. Pa. 

Four baptized in the Ottumwa church, Iowa. 

Two baptized in the Strait Creek church, Ohio. 

Eighteen baptized in the Pleasant Hill church, Pa., 
Beaver Creek house. 

One baptized in the Pittsburgh church, Pa., and four in 
the Birdville mission. 

Nine baptized in the Union Bri 
Z. Smith and wife, evangelists. 

Three baptisms at Waka, Texas, 
man of Guthrie, Okla., evangelist. 

Nine baptized in the Emmett church, Idaho, Bro. H. S. 
Will of Twin Falls, Idaho, evangelist. 

Fourteen baptized in the Live Oak church, Calif., Bro. 
J. M. Boaz of Oakland, Calif., evangelist. 

Nine accepted Christ in the Heidelberg church, Pa., Bro. 
Hiram Eshelman of Mt. Joy, Pa., evangelist. 

Six baptized in the Pleasant Valley church, Ohio, Brother 
and Sister Wilmer Perry of Pitsburg, Ohio, evangelists. 

Seven baptized and three reclaimed in the South Browns- 
ville church, Md., Brother and Sister S. Z. Smith, evan- 

Six baptized in the McPherson church, Kans., Bro. Rufus 
Bowman of Elgin. 111., evangelist; three others baptized 
since the last reports a 4. ^, -> 

Our Evangelists 

Wai you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. Ralph G. Rarick of North Manchester, Ind., began 
Dec. 26 at Wakarusa, xVid. 

Bro. S. Z. Smith and wife of Sidney, Ohio, to begin Jan. 
12 at the French Broad church, Tenn. 
•ft .3. .j. ,g» 

Personal Mention 

Sister Albert Gump of Churubusco, Ind., is reported as 
very ill and earnestly desiring the prayers of God's people 
in her behalf. 

Bro. I. N. H. Beahm of Nokesville, Va., was at Shrews- 
bury, Pa., last week in a Bible Institute, speaking mostly 
on the parables. 

Secretary Bonsack is spending a week or more with the 
churches of Southern Pennsylvania by special invitation of 
the Ministerial Board of the District. 

Sister Jessie Winder, assistant matron and a student at 
Bethany Bible School, was a House caller last Saturday. 
She was spending the week-end with Kansas friends now 
living in Elgin. 

Bro. Paul B. Studebaker, pastor of the Nappanee church 
of Northern Indiana, has time for one more revival meet- 
ing this winter or spring. Address him at 902 E. Market 
St., Nappanee, Ind. 

Bro. William P. Dillon, pastor of the Allison Prairie 
church of Southern Illinois, will be available for one evan- 
gelistic meeting any time before Aug. 1. Address him at 
Lawrenceville, 111., R. 5. 

Brother and Sister I. W. Moomaw, India missionaries, 
sailed for the home land Dec. 18 on their regular furlough.' 
They are coming a few months earlier than the usual time 
that Sister Moomaw who has not fully recovered from her 
operation may have the advantage of avoiding the hot 

Brother and Sister B. F. Lyon and family of Selah, 
Wash., wish in this way to thank their friends for the 
comforting messages which came to them from many 
sources because of the death of their daughter Clara. 
They pray God's richest blessing upon all who so kindly 
remembered them. 

One group of visitors last week left only pleasant 
memories except for the fact that they got away without 
being completely identified. Nurse Elizabeth Owens of 
Bethany Hospital was among them and others from Vir- 
ginia and elsewhere bearing such familiar names as Roller, 
Wampler, Huffman and Fifer. 

Bro. C. E. Weaver, widely known throughout the Broth- 
erhood through his chalk talk lectures, has recently re- 
turned to his home at Pomona, Calif., and is now under 
the doctor's care. At Hutchinson, Kans., his condition be- 
came such that he was obliged to cancel his remaining 
engagements and hasten home. The many'who have en- 

joyed his graphic pictures of important truth will wish 
for him a speedy recovery and resumption of his platform 

Bro. A. P. Blough, well known for his long time ministry 
at Waterloo, Iowa, as well as for his service on the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, has recently accepted a call to the 
pastorate of the Waterloo City church. Perhaps most of 
our readers know that this large and widely famed con- 
gregation was divided some time ago into two organized 
units. The country portion of it continues under the old 
name of South Waterloo and is served .at present by Bro. 
Paul S. Longenecker. 

Sister 1. D. Parker of Ashland, Ohio, who had been in 
feeble health for some time, fell asleep in Jesus early on 
Christmas morning. The active, and fruitful ministry of 
Bro. Parker who passed on nearly twenty years ago will 
be recalled by many. Full of years and good works Sister 
Parker now follows him.' Without children they used the 
means with which the Lord had blessed them in making 
generous provision for the mission work and other im- 
portant interests of the church. 

Bro. M. R. Zigler, Home Mission Secretary, should be 
addressed until Feb. 13 in care of the School of Religion, 
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. Through the 
munificence of a Southern benefactor in founding a School 
for Rural Pastors at Vanderbilt, Bro. Zigler is enjoying 
the benefits of a six weeks' scholarship. You will be glad 
with us and none the less so that he can have his family 
with him. There is also a shorter course of two weeks 
in this institution which a group of our young men - were 
permitted to enjoy last spring. 

The District* News Letter ior Northern Illinois and Wis- 
consin, Bro. D. D. Funderburg, Field Secretary, contains 
along with other items of interest, this one : " Bro. J. W. 
Lear is just now completing ten years of service as elder 
in charge of the Chicago church. In that time great 
progress has been made. When he came to the helm the 
First church had no house of worship or parsonage. Since 
then both have been provided. The property is worth 
approximately $100,000 and the last note has recently been 
paid. At the same time the scattered membership has been 

-;-:-:-;-;- '-;-:-;-:-:-:-;-:-:-;-:-:-:-:-:-^:-:-^:-;-:-;-;-:^ :-:-;-;-: -:-;-- 

Attention, Pastors 

The signing of the World Court Protocol and 
the coming London Disarmament Conference are 
two most significant events. We must unite our 
influence toward the accomplishment of the greatest 
results. The Peace Department of our church 
recommends that our pastors do the following 
things : 

I. Send a letter to the President congratulating 
him on his authorization of the signature to the 
World Court Protocol, and pledge him your sup- 
port when he submits it to the Senate for ratifi- 
cation. Have your people write letters 'of . a 
similar nature. 

II. Send letters to your senators urging them to 
voie for ratification of the World Court when the 
President submits the Protocol to the Senate. 

III. Write editorials for your local papers, in 
order to help stimulate public opinion in favor of 
early submission of the Protocol to the Senate. 

IV. Send a letter to each member of the United 
States delegation to the London Conference ex- 
pressing your hope for the success of the conference 
and urging that the delegation seek as consistent 
with the pacific and economic policies of the gov- 
ernment the abolition of the battleship and sub- 
marine and general reduction in other classes of 
naval vessels. 

V. Encourage your members to write individual 
letters to the delegates to the London Conference. 
They will sail from New York Jan. 9 on the 
George Washington, United States Lines. Send 
your letters to this address. 

The members of the delegation are as follows: 
Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of State; Charles 
Francis Adams, Secretary of the Navy; Dwight 
W. Morrow, Ambassador to Mexico; Joseph T. 
Robinson, Senator from Arkansas; David A. 
Reed, Senator from Pennsylvania. Ambassador 
Dawes and Ambassador Gibson are also delegates, 
but are in Europe and will not sail with the 

VI. Hold a special meeting in your congrega- 
tion, and (a) enlighten your people in regard to 
the purpose of the London Conference, (b) unite 
in earnest prayer for the success of the Conference, 
and (c) draw up forceful resolutions expressing 
our hope for the success of the London Conference, 
and send them to our delegates. 

May we count, on you? 

Board of Religious Education 

welded into a strong congregation with three centers of 
worship and work. Each center has a pastor and its full 
program, yet we are one church, the stronger helping the 
weaker. At the insistent request of Bro. Lear his name 
was omitted from the ballot this year and Bro. W. W. 
Slabaugh takes over the work." 

Bro. Robert L. Sink was glad when he wrote the follow- 
ing from Carleton, Nebr., Dec. 27: "We had set our goal 
for the white gift offering at one dollar per member, for 
world-wide missions. Our attendance was 160, our white 
gift offering $181.87, and our Sunday-school offering com- 
mittee gave from the general Sunday-school treasury $35, 
making a total of $216.87. At the close of the morning 
service we rejoiced when nineteen young people came 
forward to give their lives as an offering to their Master. 
We had baptismal services at the close of the program 
in the evening when these nineteen were baptized. Surely 
a height in Christian experience seldom reached." 

Brother Moore's " Pathfinders " has been going out to 
Messenger subscribers for several weeks in increasing 
numbers but it was just the other day that a copy of the 
finished book found a place on our desk. We were already 
familiar with the contents and were pleased to see the 
form in which these chapters are to be preserved worthy 
of the high quality of the subject matter. We have often 
told the author that we consider him at his very best in 
this kind of writing, and for several years kept urging 
him to carry out his half-formed purpose to tell the story 
of these church leaders, most of whom he knew by per- 
sonal acquaintance. When he finally got started on his 
chapters for the Messenger but said he was not going to 
make a book of them we had an idea what would happen 
and have not been surprised. The old subscribers have 
had the story and because they know what it is want it 
in this convenient and permanent form. The new sub- 
scribers want it because they have not had a chance at 
it before. The book well deserves the wide circulation it 
will have. ^ ,$, .j. 4, 

Miscellaneous Items 

Christmas cheer of a very substantial sort came to the 
students at the Bethany Boarding Club this year. The 
Cherry Grove Church of Northern Illinois sent the fresh 
country products and the money needed to provide the 
Christmas dinner. 

Bro. John R. Snyder, pastor of the Tyrone, Pa., congre- 
gation, believes in the Messenger and by circular letter 
assisted his Messenger agent in placing the Messenger and 
Premiums before his membership. We certainly appreciate 
this cooperation on the part of busy pastors and assure 
them that we will do our utmost to make the Messenger 
a spiritual help in its ministrations. 

The 1930 Yearbook is priced at fifteen and not at ten 
cents as in recent years. But those who subscribe for the 
Messenger at the regular rate, $2.00, may have the Year- 
book free. Further, those who take either of the premiums 
and the Messenger may have the Yearbook free. We call 
attention to this matter because some are sending in ten 
cents for the Yearbook. If you want the Yearbook alone 
it will cost you fifteen cents,* but if you subscribe for the 
Messenger at regular i*ate,s you get the Yearbook free. 

"Northern Lights" is the suggestive title of a bulletin 
(December issue) put out by the District Cabinet of the 
Northern Indiana B. Y. P. D. It is devoted to an account 
of the West Goshen Conference including brief summaries 
of the addresses by Edward Frantz on " Thy Kingdom 
Come " and " A Young Person and His God," by A. F. 
Brightbill on " Seeking Christian Social Contacts " and 
"Reverence" and "Why We Pray," by A. W. Cordier on 
"Fine Arts in Religion" and "Our Responsibility in the 
World of Tomorrow." 

* ♦ ^ * 

Women's Deficit Campaign 

Articles dealing with the wi 
will be found on page 4 of tlii: 

efforts to wipe out the deficit 
■ of the Messenger. 


We are glad for the splendid response to the call pre- 
sented to the women of ■ the Brotherhood. If the deficit is 
not wiped out this year it will not he due lo any lack of 
desire on the part of the, women. Every gift, whether it 
be small or large, is appreciated because of the spirit in' 
which it is sent. We know that every envelope is dedicated 
in prayer before it is returned, and the Lord can mightily 
bless such a spirit. Maybe he will multiply our gift as 
was the widow's meal and the loaves and fishes by the 
seaside. But we must bear in mind that he may choose 
to use us in the process. — Mrs. Ross D. Murphy, President 
of the Sisters' Aid Society. 

The Philadelphia, church has just sent in a report of 
their white gift service which included nine envelopes for 
the women's Christmas deficit fund. These nine envelopes 
came from eight groups of women and one Sunday-school 
department. These groups are comprised of fiva women's 
Bible classes, two girls' clubs and the Aid Society. The 
combined gift totaled $85. We are especially pleased that 
so many groups were represented and that the ages of 
those contributing ranged from twelve years to eighty 
years. Think of the possibilities ahead of us when each 
(Continued on Opposite Page) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 


Christmas in Russia 
The Russian has always been more or less of a law unto 
himself, and perhaps not more so than in the strange at- 
tempt made at this Christmastide to stamp out the Christ- 
mas idea. " In Moscow the soviet government not only 
forbad the sale of Christmas'trees and ornaments, but police 
guards were placed at all the forests surrounding the city." 

How Modern Are We? 

Do you know where the island of Cyprus is to be found? 
Well, it lies in the eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea 
and is thought to have been colonized by Mycenaean Greeks 
about 1200 B. C. Recently some Swedish archeologists 
have been exploring the island and in the remains of a 
palace dating from the fifth century B. C. they "found a 
room to which water was led in three conduits and then 
boiled in order to heat the bedrooms on the second floor 
with steam." All of which suggests the question : How 
modern are we in our ways of life? 

How to Save Trees 
Now that millions of Christmas trees have been stuffed 
in the furnace or cast on the ash pile it may not be in- 
appropriate to suggest another procedure for next Christ- 
-mas time. "In the present day when forest conservation is 
a matter of wise consideration, we more and more condemn 
the wastefulness of trees carelessly cut down for Christmas 
and thrown away when the holidays are over. Even when 
it is good forestry to thin out the trees, by our returning 
sense of the value of them, we are pleased to transplant 
rather than to destroy them, and begin to find a beautiful 
sentiment in decorating the same tree Christmas after 
Christmas as it stands and lives in the open ground. Peo- 
ple who own their homes and can give such trees perma- 
nent planting will add a new interest and sentiment to their 
Christmas celebration." 


Suggestion* for the Weekly Devotional Meeting Or for 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

Christians in China 

"The Chinese Recorder" is authority for the statement 
that the present communicant membership of the Christian 
churches in China is 446,631. These figures are not exact, 
but felt to be not more than ten per cent out of the way. 
" From the same "source it is learned that there are this year 
about 4,750 missionaries in China, about seventy-eight per 
cent of what was regarded as the normal number before 
the confusion of the last few years. The last Directory of 
Missions in China records twenty new stations as opened; 
and 500 names of new missionaries who have been added 

since 1927." 

Five Harmful Effects of Noise 

A commission appointed to study the effects of noise on 
the city dweller reports that there are at least five impor- 
tant harmful effects. First, the hearing of those exposed 
to constant loud noises tends to become impaired. Second, 
noise interferes with efficiency because it lessens attention 
and makes concentration difficult. Third, the attempt to 
overcome the effects of noise leads to strain on the nervous 
system conducive to nervous disorders. Fourth, noise in- 
terferes with sleep. Fifth, it seems to be a well established 
fact that the normal development of infants and young 
children is seriously interfered with by constant loud noise. 

Man and the State 
A new penal code has been laid before the Italian par- 
liament for approval. As would be expected, " The state 
is everything and the individual is a minor entity, entitled 
to live and to be protected as long as he proves himself 
useful, or at least harmless, to the state. He is only an im- 
perceptible gear of the state." There are spots in Amer- 
ica where one is tempted to think that it would be a good 
tiling if something of the Italian idea could be applied. 
And yet, on sober second thought, it must be apparent 
that the glorification of the state above the individual is 
really far from the Christian ideal. The state is a necessary 
institution, but not an end in itself. That is, like any other 
institution, the state exists for man, and not man for the 


First Snow 
The recent cold wave has provided most of our readers 
with plenty of experience with snow and ice. Indeed, the 
day before Christmas Chicago was reported as facing a 
milk bottle famine because it had been so cold housewives 
generally had not ventured to place empty milk bottles out 
on snow covered back porches. Hence, to average Ameri- 
cans it will come as news that men can anywhere grow to 
maturity without a knowledge of snow and ice and what 
they will do to one. Yet such is the case, for as the 
Mauretania steamed into New York harbor in the midst of 
a recent snow storm there were on board two badly scared, 
men from Africa. As snowflakes fell on the faces and 
clothing of these two black men they flinched and won- 
dered what it was all about. "We've never seen floating 
white blossoms like these," they confided^ to - their inter- 
preter. "What will they do to us?" 

Tendencies in India 

The spirit of nationalism persists in India as may be 
gathered from the minimum demands as set forth in a re- 
port by the Indian central committee. These demands are: 
" (1) Full dominion status for India. (2) That an immedi- 
ate and substantial step should be taken toward the attain- 
ment of that goal, by conferring on the provinces a liberal 
measure of autonomy and making the government in India 
responsible to its legislature. (3) That a provision should 
be made in the government of India act which will enable 
the above goal to be reached without the necessity of fur- 
ther inquiries by statutory commissions or other agencies." 
The Indian centra! committee is not to be confused with 
the Simon commission which is not expected to report un- 
til next February. The committee referred to is composed 
of eight noted Indians and one European and sat in "joint, 
free conference" with the Simon- commission. 

The War Mind-Set Persists 

A new effort to pass universal draft legislation is in pros- 
pect. The plan as now proposed is to commit the draft plan 
to a commission for "thorough study of the need of the 
universal draft and then frame legislation empowering the 
President immediately to mobilize all the resources of the 
country in event of war. The commission would be com- 
posed of four house members, four senators, the secretaries 
of war, navy, agriculture, commerce, and labor, and five 
other persons not holding any position with the govern- 
ment but selected with a view of representing in a general 
way the views of labor, industry, capital, agriculture, and 
the professions." Previous efforts to pass such bills have 
failed because most people could see no reason for putting 
dictatorial powers in the hands of a President in peace 

Evangelism and Missions m 

Why do we have mission deficits and some other situa- 
tions that ought to be remedied? Here is what Stanley 
High 'thinks of the reasons why: "It is probable that the 
world-wide business of establishing the supremacy of Jesus 
Christ and his ideals is slowing down simply because many 
church people lack the conviction that Jesus and his ideals 
are supreme. The declining missionary zeal of the church 
will hardly be restored without a revival — call it by any 
name you wish — as sweeping and as fundamental as those 
which, in the past, led Christians to dare to proclaim their 
gospel to the ends of the earth. Until that revival comes— 
and with it a restoration of evangelismMo the central place 
in our missionary outlook — we will probably continue to see 
a decline in mission-board receipts and a decrease in mis- 
sionary volunteers. Perhaps it is from the mission field — 
where evangelism has not declined and the gospel not been 
toned down—that the impetus for this revival will come." 

The What and Why of Lobbying 
A good deal has been said of lobbying recently— enough 
that the professors are beginning to discuss the subject. 
Thus Edward B. Logan, Ph. D., Assistant Professor of Po- 
litical Science in the University of Pennsylvania, recently 
wrote a monograph on lobbying that has been published by 
the American Academy of Political and Social Science. The 
thesis of Dr. Logan is that lobbying represents a new de- 
velopment in democracy. Seemingly it is not enough to 
elect representatives— these must be informed and influ- 
enced! Here are some samples of the professor's estimate 
of lobbying: "Through the activities of lobbyists, legis- 
lators have a supply of information and counsel which 
would require endless time and expense should they them- 
selves have to acquire it. It is as advisers that lobbyists 
render their greatest service. If they act in good faith as 
advisers they help to bring public opinion to bear upon 
legislators and serve a useful function in the process of rep- 
resentative government. One of the chief duties of lobby- 
ists at legislative centers is to serve as the eyes of the in- 
terests which they represent. They keep the constituents 
of legislators informed of what takes place. It has been 
pointed out by students of public opinion that if representa- 
tive government is to function properly some means must 
be devised of translating complex governmental questions 
into simple formulas so that the people generally may ar- 
rive at decisions on such matters. That function lobbyists 
perform. They not only reduce questions to simple propor- 
tions but show constituents how the proposed solutions of 
the question would affect their interests. And there is an- 
other important point to notice. Without lobbyists the rep- 
resentation of an individual consists in helping to elect his 
legislative representatives, If the candidates for whom he 
votes are not successful there is no representation accord- 
ing to his choice. The individual finds a new method of 
representation at hand through lobbyists — a method of help- 
ing to direct representatives after they are chosen. That 
method lies open whether or not his vote has helped to 
elect representatives. It is a method of continuous repre- 
sentation, not only to determine whether legislators carry 
out the program on which they were elected but to give 
new direction as new problems arise. When this continu- 
ous method of representation is coupled with the work of 
lobbyists in translating problems to understandable propor- 
tions, there arises effective representation of a new order 
more influential in securing results in legislation than the 
old methtjd of helping to place legislators in office." 

Waiting Upon God 

Psalm 25 

' For Week Beginning January 12 

We do not wait upon God by doing nothing. We wait 
most acceptably when we work most faithfully (Psa. 39:7, 
8; 145:15, 16). 

Work itself is an act of faith. The man who sows seed 
or invests money makes a venture of faith. The faith which 
does not act is dead. Our trust in God is complete only 
when we have done all we can (Psa. 104:27, 28; Luke 2:25). 

He does all he can and then trusts God for the rest. Fear 
and pessimism and worry can not abide in a life that is 
anchored by a great faith in God (Jer. 14:22; Gen. 49:18; 
Psa. 1, 2). 

Have you not observed men who work bard but are 
weary and heavy laden with their work? Life's toil and bat- 
tle are too much for their unaided human strength. Those 
who bear it must renew their strength by waiting upon 
God (Isa. 40 : 31 ; Hab. 2:3; Acts 1:4; Gal. 5:5; Psa. 52 : 9). 

The good man must often work under conditions of ap- 
parent failure. Often those who work best leave fewest im- 
mediate marks of success. Was this not true of Jesus' 
earthly ministry? One must have a hold upon God to sup- 
port him in hours like these (Psa. 33:20; 59:9, 10; 123:2). 


In what way should waiting upon the Lord renew our 
strength ? 

How should it affect one's peace of mind? R. H. M. 

Women's Deficit Campaign 

(Continued From Opposite Page) 

woman and girl becomes definitely tied up with our national 
and international church activities! 
♦ + * ♦ 
Sunday-school Lesson Helps 

The following book list was prepared by J. E. Miller, Literary 
Editor for the Brclhren Publishing House. Any book reviewed in 
these columns, and any others you wish to order, may be purchased 
through the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin. III.— Edt ' 

Some have been wondering about books that will help 
teachers and studious pupils following the Improved Uni- 
form Lessons. I take it that all such are using our own 
Teachers' Monthly, a most excellent guide for all teachers. 
Single subscription, 75c. 

Among the regular lesson commentaries are these : 

Pcloubet's Select Notes- Treats the lesson from many 
angles. Long in the field. Price, $2.00. 

Tarbell's Teachers' Guide. Attempts to adapt the lesson 
for Intermediates, Seniors, Young People and Adults. 
Abounds in illustrative material. Price, $2.00. 

The Lesson Round Table. A new volume. The lessons 
are written by a number of Bible scholars, each making 
use of his own method of presentation. Price, $1.25. 

Snowden's Sunday School Lesson. The ninth annual 
volume by this author. Simple and with usable applications. 
Price, $1.50. 

Torrey's Gist of the Lesson. Vest-pocket edition. For 
the busy man who wishes to turn to the lesson in spare 
moments. Price, 35c. 

Wells' Daily Digest of the Sunday School Lessons. A 
vest-pocket edition. Has long been a favorite with those 
who want something brief and pointed. Price, 35c. 

Other books that will prove helpful are: 

Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges— Matthew, by 
A. earr. First printed in 1878- and still holds a large place 
because of its fine treatment. Price, $1.20. 

Gospel of Matthew, by Charles R. Erdman. A volume 
approved by many. Like the Cambridge Series it avoids 
exhaustive discussions. Price, $1.00. 

One Volume Bible Commentary, by J. R. Dummelow. 
Covers the entire Bible. Notes are brief but helpful. Is 
on the Gish list. Price, $3.00. 

Gospel According to Matthew, by G. Campbell Morgan. 
A large volume. ' Friends of Morgan will gladly use this 
book. Price $3.50. 

Bible Readers' Life of Christ, by Byron H. DeMent. 
Based on Robertson's "Harmony of the Gospels." Con- 
siders the Gospels authentic and presents the life and 
teachings of Jesus as found in the New Testament. Price. 

There are other books but these will give all sufficient 
from which to select their helps for the first half of the 
year. . 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

Five Year Program in China 

(Continued From Pagt 3) 

volves and concerns even- Christian in China. No 
Christian should complain that his ability or talents are 
,00 small to do anything in the work of the New Move- 
ment If he has such a thought, he should go and study 
the ant and learn from her. The layman is the most 
important member of the church. We leaders must 
awaken him to a sense of his power and responsibility. 
Fifth it is a movement of foolhardy faith, a daring 
faith ' Christians should be taught to fear no obstacles. 
//. The First Steps in Promoting the Five Year Move- 

First, urge every church member to be an evangelist, 
letting his light shine through the means of his daily 
life anions the class of people with whom he associates. 
In other 'words, encourage lay evangelism. Second, 
broaden and strengthen our program of religious edu- 
cation. Special attention must be given to the Sunday- 
school and church worship programs. Our methods at 
present seem to have too much of a foreign flavor to 
produce the best results in the lives of Chinese Chris- 
tians. We must adjust our methods so that they will 
be more in harmony with the religious background and 
heritage of the Chinese people. This can be done with- 
out imperiling the Christian spirit. It is also felt 
that we should be more concerned about the religious 
life of the young people in the church. Third, en- 
courage and point out the value of regular family wor- 
ship in Christian homes. This was considered one of 
the most important phases of the new movement. Lead- 
ers should make suggestions for varying the family 
worship programs. Fourth, help the people to learn 
to read. It is hoped that by the end of five years every 
Christian will be able to read his Bible. This was 
pointed out as being an excellent method of evangelism, 
because Christian enthusiasm and vision are based upon 
an intelligent understanding of the Scriptures. Fifth, 
pay more attention to the education of the young peo- 
ple in our church, so that they might enter into the vari- 
ous vocations of life with a genuine intelligent Chris- 
tian spirit. Sixth, set forth the meaning and value of 
Christian stewardship. For some reason or other this 
doctrine has not been very definitely taught in the 
Christian church in China in the past. Perhaps Chris- 
tian leaders felt the economic situation in China did not 
warrant the stressing of this doctrine. Although the 
economic problem at present is worse than in the past 
perhaps, it was felt that it was very important to stress 
this doctrine now, because of the new spirit of inde- 
pendence which has taken hold of the whole of China, 
even the church. 
///. Tlie Work of the Country Church. 

The Christian church in China is really a country 
church like the Church of the Brethren in America. 
Yet, in spite of this fact, the country church in China 
has been most neglected of any phase of the mission 
program. Chinese Christians, even ministers, encour- 
age their brightest children to prepare for other lines 
of Christian work. The country church must become 
the center of communities activities more and more in 
the very near future. We should seek to determine 
whether there would be any loss to the community if 
we took it away. This way we may know whether we 
are spending our evangelistic money wisely or not. The 
work of the country church is, first, religious educa- 
tion, aiming to get the people to see the foolishness of 
the idol worshiping program and the spiritual and prac- 
tical value of the Christian doctrine and Christ way of 
life. Second, the work of the country church includes 
public education, unless this is adequately supplied by 
the government educational system. Third, help the 
people better their economic conditions by teaching 
them how to increase their agriculture products, how to 
establish home industries, and how to form cooperative 
societies. Fourth, promotion of a real public health 
program through the working together of the Chris- 
tian doctor or nurse and the church evangelist. Itiner- 
ant doctors and nurses with a sacrificial spirit are great- 
ly needed in this program of the country church. Fifth, 
develop a program of Christian recreation. This is 
greatly needed if we hope to keep our Christians away 
from some of the questionable forms of recreation. 

The meeting appointed Mr. Ho, Sister Neher and the 
writer as a committee to get all this material before 
the responsible bodies at each of our mam stations. V, e 
were also asked to make recommendations relative to 
the carrying out of the above Five Year Program and 
invite each station to add others and bring them up for 
discussion at our next annual meeting of the Chinese 
church in January or February, 1930. Here we hope 
to take definite steps towards the effective carrying out 
of the above program. Two of our leaders may be es- 
pecially set aside to promote and execute this program 
in our mission. We hope the church in America will 
enthusiastically back us up in this big program. We 
need your prayers and may also need a few extra dol- 
lars for extra equipment and special training for our 
leaders. Let's cooperate and sacrifice for a better and 
bigger program of Christian service in China. 

Show Yang Hsicn, Shaasi, China. 

The Office of Bishop in the Apostolic Age 


In Five Parts— Part Four 

8 Appointment 

The appointment of the bishop to office is not pre- 
sented with many plain statements in the New Testa- 

We have no record of local church organization ear- 
lier than the sixth chapter of Acts, when " seven men " 
were chosen to " serve tables." It is thought by some 
that this was the beginning of the office of deacon. 
Others say that these seven were the same persons that 
are called elders in Acts 11:30. Since this is the be- 
ginning of local church organization it is probable that 
out of it developed both the office of bishop and the 
office of deacon. We know that the activities of all in 
this group were not confined to the particular duties 
for which they were definitely chosen. They were 
chosen by the congregation according to the instructions 
of the apostles. Then they were installed or conse- 
crated into office by prayer and the laying on of hands 
by the apostles. 

A definite appointment of elders was when Paul and 
Barnabas were ready to return from the first mission- 
ary tour (Acts 14:23). They had established a num- 
ber of churches, and before leaving them made pro- 
vision for the oversight of each church. This was done 
by appointing elders in every church, and when they 
had " prayed with fasting, they commended them to the 
Lord, on whom they had believed." 

How was the appointing done? Was it done with- 
out the congregation having any voice in the matter? 
Did the members suggest a number of persons from 
whom the apostles made the choice? Or did the 
churches choose by election or otherwise, and then 
Paul and Barnabas appoint those who were chosen? 
It is not at all likely that the first of these methods was 
used. That is not the way Paul ordinarily did things. 
He "could not have been well acquainted with those 
new converts. It would not work for harmony if those 
should be appointed who were not favorable to the 
members. The members of a local church would 
know each other pretty well, and would have had an 
opportunity to decide by this time in whom they would 
have confidence and who would have the best spiritual 
qualifications for the office. It is much in harmony 
with the character of these apostles to have had the 
churches make the selection of the elders or at least 
suggest the ones they thought would be best, then, 
after due consideration and satisfying themselves as 
to their fitness, make the appointments. 

Other references of filling the office of bishop are: 
1 Tim. 5:22 and Tit. 1:5, and perhaps Heb. 6:2. 
Titus was instructed to " appoint elders in every city " 
in Crete where there was a church. It seems that the 
laying on of hands was a part of the installation into 
office. But Paul instructs Timothy to "lay hands 
hastily on no man." The greatest of precaution should 
be taken to make reasonably sure that only those who 
meet the qualifications be appointed. That there was 
prayer without exception in installing a bishop can not 
be doubted. 
Whatever may have been the details or variation of 

method of selection it must be recognized that supreme- 
ly it was the guiding influence of the Holy Spirit or 
ultimately the Spirit himself that made the choice. 
" The Holy Spirit hath made you bishops " (Acts 20: 


Scripture does not say much about the method ot se- 
lecting men for the office of bishop. " In the first age 
popular election and apostolic institution seem to have 
been coordinate. ... As soon as we get outside 
the New Testament popular election becomes conspicu- 
ous, though neither does this exclude formal institu- 
tion " (Hastings). 

Each local church had not one, but a number of 
elders. They acted as a body. In later years this body 
had at their head one who acted as president. But in 
the apostolic age there is no evidence that any one of 
them had any superiority over the others in any way, 
except as age, experience and ability along certain lines 
would lead him to have more influence, 
p. Duties 

The duties of bishop or elder may in a general way 
be briefly stated. As overseer or presbyter he exercised 
in the general superintendency of the church, and in 
the pastoral care of the flock. Such officers shared in 
the council of Acts 15. They laid hands on Timothy. 
They are the ones to be called by the sick for anointing. 
Their authority did not extend beyond the bounds of 
their own congregation. It was not part of their func- 
tion to travel from place to place in the interests of the 
kingdom as did the apostles, except as they may have 
been led by the Holy Spirit. 

The responsibility laid upon these officials is keenly 
felt in several verses following Acts 20:27. They 
were to protect and feed the church, which was ac- 
quired at the price of the blood of our Lord and Savior 
Jesus Christ. There are hindering influences and many 
strong and treacherous enemies to attack and destroy 
as many of the flock as possible. 
Chicago, III. 

An Inclusive Fellowship 


The apostle Peter spent three years in the school of 
his Lord and Master ; he heard the great commission to 
". make disciples of all the nations " ; he was used in a 
remarkable way on the Day of Pentecost when three 
thousand souls were added to the church ; he was bap- 
tized with the Holy Spirit; he even raised the dead; 
surely he was prepared to meet any situation. So one 
would think, but such was not the case. He still had 
some important lessons to learn. To these I wish to 
call attention. 

Peter was a Jew. He regarded himself as superior 
to the people of other races. Racial equality was not a 
part of his thinking. It required a three-fold vision to 
set him right. God rebuked him for his presumption. 
He sent men to bring him from Joppa to Cssarea 
where Cornelius and his fellow Gentile believers were 
waiting to be admitted into the church. Coming into 
their presence, Peter was quick to explain : " Ye your- 
selves know how it is an unlawful thing for a man that 
is a Jew to join himself or come unto one of another 
nation ; and yet unto me hath God showed that I should 
not call any man common or unclean" (Acts 10:28). 
Peter had been excluding other races from his fellow- 
ship. This new conception meant that henceforth he 
was to live on a basis not of an exclusive but an in- 
clusive fellowship. Race was ruled out as a- dividing 
element between men. It may seem strange that Peter 
was so long in learning this lesson. But strange also is 
it that so many Christian people of our day still ex- 
clude certain races from their fellowship. That lesson 
must be learned before we can have a unified church } 
before we rise above class and racial distinctions; be- 
fore we can have a larger expression of love and good- 
will toward the peoples and races of all nations. 

Furthermore, Peter got a new conception of God. 
He heard Cornelius tell how wondrously God had an- 
swered his prayer. In 'fact, it was in answer to prayer 
that he sent for Peter. The vision for Peter on the 
house-top would hardly have occurred had it not been 
for the earnest prayers of that godly man, Cornelius. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

Peter was impressed; it gave km a new idea of God 
Concerning this he said: " Of a truth I perceive that 
God is no' respecter of persons: but in every nation he 
that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, -is ac- 
epta e to him" (Acts 10:34, 35). Along with ks 
partial view of man Peter got an impartial concep- 
tion of God. God has no favorites based upon class 
and racial distinctions or other accidents of birth. Any 
man who exercises a wholesome fear of God and » dili- 
gent in good works which are prompted by a heart of 
tove is acceptable to him. The all important thing is 
not one's race, not one's religion, not ones class, not 
one's denomination; rather the all important thmg is 
one's attitude. One who loves God will express the 
proper attitude toward him; one who loves his fe low- 
men will find means of expressing that love in helpfu 
service. He will not exploit his fellows for financial 
gain, whether they be of his own or other races. His 
occupation and his influence will be of the helpful sort* 
In the third place, Peter got a new conception of re- 
ligion. He was living under the impression that before 
a member of another race could be received into the 
Christian church he must embrace the Jewish religion 
through the rite of circumcision. This conception re- 
ceived a severe jolt as he preached the Gospel to that 
group of Gentile believers. Up until that time on y 
Jewish Christians had received the baptism of the Holy 
Spirit. As Peter spoke to his Gentile hearers upon 
them also was poured out the gift of the Holy Spirit. 
They began to speak with tongues and magnify God. 
This was a surprise to the Christian Jews who had ac- 
companied Peter from Joppa. Peter at once grasped 
the significance of that event. He stated it in the form 
of a question: "Can any man forbid the water that 
these should not be baptized, who have received the 
Holy Spirit as well as we " (Acts 10 : 47) ? Defending 
this action before his critics in Jerusalem he said : H 
then God gave unto them the like gift as he did also un- 
to us, when we believed on the Lord Jesus Christ, who 
was-I, that I could withstand God?" This meant that 
the Christian religion was not an appendix of Judaism. 
Gentiles and Jews were on an equality as candidates 
for admission into the Christian church. As a result of 
this separation Judaism remained the religion of the 
Jews ; Christianity rapidly became a world religion To 
have continued as a part of Judaism the Christian faith 
would not have spread so rapidly in the Gentile world. 
It probably would not have become a world religion. 

Peter's new conception of man made possible a larg- 
er brotherhood which crosses racial and other social 
boundaries. His new conception of the Divine put 
larger meaning into the Fatherhood of God His love 
and his recognition are extended to the worthy sons and 
daughters of every race. His new conception of re- 
ligion makes possible a larger fellowship, a spiritual fel- 
lowship, an inclusive fellowship. The Christian Jews 
together with believing Gentiles were joined into a spir- 
itual fellowship which lifted them up into the very 
presence of God. They became united in a great spir- 
itual experience. 

Fellowship is the unhindered expression of love. 
Where there is no love there is no true fellowship Im- 
perfect knowledge-partial conceptions of man, o God 
and of religion curtail fellowship, hinder the full ex- 
pression of love. The experience of Peter in the house 
of Cornelius enlarged his conception of men of other 
races ; this made possible a fuller fellowship with them. 
This fellowship was extended and enriched by a truer 
conception of God and a more vital conception of re- 
ligion. Anything which hinders fellowship, hinders the 
full expression of love ; curtails the aim of true religion. 
As a Christian I believe that Jesus Christ is the full 
Expression of the love of God to the world When I 
accepted him I found life, abundant life, satisfying life. 
As I study his life and strive to live as he lived I am 
led on and ever onward to larger conceptions of my 
fellow-men, to truer conceptions of God and to more 
vital conceptions of religion. When he found people 
in trouble he helped them. He put the welfare of men 
above institutions-he did good on the sabbath day. He 
healed and taught those of other races, he rose above 
the narrow nationalism of his day. He let nothing 
stand in his way of giving help to those in trouble. In 

this way he gave unhindered expression to the love of 
God. What ordinances and ceremonies he instituted 
appear to lend themselves to that end. 
Chicago, 111- 

And so Rogers and Hale became a self-appointed 
commission on ways and means to revive Valley Cen- 

Elgin, III. 

New Lives for Old 


Hale looked at Rogers with more than a trace of sur- 
prise in his face. " The Valley Center News," he re- 
peated slowly. " I don't just understand. How are 
you connected with the Valley Center News? Is this a 
formal, may I say official tender of a position? ' 

" Naturally I understand your skepticism," chuckled 
Rogers " I do not hand out positions to every one 
who happens to strike my fancy. But I regard this as 
a particularly timely visit on your part, especially if you 
are interested in the editorship of your home town 
paper The present editor is good on the mechanical 
part of the paper, but he will frankly tell you he is not 
an editor. He and I bought the paper for a song be- 
cause we felt the town should not be without a paper. 
As you may have guessed, I first thought of Miss Cross 
as a possible editor, but was unable to locate her. I 
saw in her one who viewed the local situation construc- 
tively. Such an attitude reflected in our Valley Center 
Nc^vs would do much to put new hope in our people. 
This would soon make the paper worth while because 
its fortunes would revive with those of the community 
it serves. Now what you presented here this morning 
is the idea. I have been looking for a person— prefera- 
bly a man-with just such ideas. If I can get the right 
man-a man with faith in Valley Center-I am ready 
to back him to the limit of my personal resources. And 
while the service would not be an entirely unselfish one, 
because we would expect some personal profit or re- 
ward yet our efforts to help ourselves, and the com- 
munity at the same time, would certainly be as altruis- 
tic as those which the most of men attempt." 

" But explain, Mr. Rogers, just how I would fit in- 
to the picture." 

" It is just this. Valley Center is your home town, 
and as you have said, you would like to see it occupy 
its rightful place in the economic and social life of the 
valley You can give to the Valley Center News a 
certain air of distinction because of your recent con- 
nections. But more than all you believe in Valley Cen- 
ter and such faith the editor I have in mind will also 
put into his paper. News and editorial policy will re- 
flect the spirit that conquers, and not the spirit of pes- 
simisnCand defeat. I believe the Valley Center News 
is the instrument by which we can help this community 
to gather new courage and get on its feet economically. 
Indeed, seeing the possibilities as you and I do, 1 be- 
lieve it is our duty to contribute such inspiration and 
leadership as we can. By doing so we will assure our 
own fortunes; but more than all, we will do a fine 
thing for our community. I am ready to devote my 
resources to this enterprise and 1 hope now to challenge 
and command yours." 

"Mr Rogers," said Hale heartily, "you will have 
such help as I can give in an undertaking as fine and 
definite as you have outlined." 

" Thanks, Mr. Hale," said Rogers warmly, " I am 
sure that our feelings are mutual and sincere." 

" I tell you a flood of possibilities rush to mind as I 
consider what the editor of the Valley Center News 
may do for the home town ! Your proposition is a real 
challenge, Rogers." 

" Yes indeed ! And now that we are agreed on gen- 
eral principles, let us consider a few details." And so 
it happened that before the forenoon was gone two 
young men had figured out pretty definitely just what 
,hey were going to try to do for Valley Center. But 
most of all, they planned to state the facts as they saw 
them, indicate the possibilities inherent in these and 
so develop a new courage in the commun.ty with re- 
spect to the future. And while helping their own com- 
munity they planned to relate its advance to the hopes 
and plans of other communities. The rival, Westkll, 
was especially to be won to the new relationship. 


The annual bazaar and chicken pic supper of the Ladies' 
Aid was over; the "main ones" eame the next morning 
to clean up things. Most every one in town who did not 
come to the church the night before supper had 
sent for a plate. The Aid Society women had even solo 
most of the food that was left over, so the receipts had 
been far beyond their expectations. 

"Well," said Mrs. Randals, "here are a couple of pies 
with just one piece cut out of each, and a few buns. What 
will we do with them? And here is almost a quart of cran- 
berries in this jar; seems a pity to throw them away 

Little Mrs. Houten spoke up, as she paused in her dish- 
washing: "Why not send them to the family that has just 
moved in the little green house on the south here? You 
know they have six little children." 

"Well" said Mrs. Reed, "I don't think he amounts to 
very much, and for my part I don't believe we should en- 
courage shiftlessncss." . 

"Yes, and I knew her before she was married, said 
Mrs Young, " and her record was not the best." 

"Yes I know," said the little dishwasher, "but don t you 
remember he had an operation about two years ago? And 
I heard he isn't very strong since and not able to do hard 
work, and then work is very scarce now. I don t know 
about her record, but I wonder if our records have been 
perfect? I noticed her and the two oldest children were at 
church last Sunday. I also noticed she had a sad and 
careworn look." , 

•• Well " said Mrs. Randals, who had anything but a good 
record as a stepmother, "I can take this stuff to the l.ttle 
green house. You know I go right past there on my way 

h Ts e 'l heard this I thought: "There arc two classes of 
people, one ever ready to criticize and find fault ; .he other 
seeking for the good and trying to help. To winch class do 
you belong? L ™°™ YatCS B " k "' 

Dorchester, Nebr. 


The devotional service led by Bro. A. C. Wicand was 
highly spiritual. This statement sums up his address 
'•The Christian ministry is the greatest profession in the 

W Bro'"j A. Eby spoken on "The Minister's Pulpit Minis- 
tration." He said that the minister should realize deep y 
his responsibility as a minister of the gospel. H * sho Id 
speak as 'God would have him speak, allowing the Holy 
Spirit to work through his life. Jesus the Master Jeache 
depended upon constant prayer. Jesus alway had a real 
message that unfailingly met the needs of the people. The 
Z entfals of success in pulpit minislry are to meet the 
soul needs of the people, .0 unfold the truth of God 

"The Minister as a Shepherd," was the topic discussed 
by Bro E. N. Huffman. He asked how long a flock of 
sheep would las, without a shepherd, and reminded us that 
a shepherd should protect his flock feed the lambs and so 
win the mothers, and lead the flock lo higher ground 

Dr V F. Schwalm spoke on "The Minister as an Or- 
ganizer ' The function of an organizer is not the most 
significant one in a minister. To be a P«*>£*™*^ 
pastor is more important. It takes a man of God lo preach 
the gospel, and to be a good shepherd and priest. The or 

will tell them what is to be done and how to do 
organizer sees the job and fits folks to it. 

■ The Minister's Wife," was ably discussed by Sister J^ A 

m "The Relation of the Lai.y to the Pastor" ^MJgMJjJ 

k L F H Ebv If the pastor is to have leadership, the 

"oT'iSrr ~»- ■ »-; r,,:::: 

(Continued on Page 14) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

The Challenge of Stewardship to Men 

(Continued From Page 5) 

distorting values ; we are out to save it for the enrich- 
ment of personality and the extension of brotherhood." 
True value benefits the man who creates it, the man 
who sells it, the man who buys it, and the man who 
uses it. Shall the man who stores up and lets loose the 
almost unlimited power of money be held to no moral 
accounting? Wealth is not in itself an evil to be de- 
spised but a power to be Christianized. 

God can reveal himself through the proper use of 
property, and is only prevented from doing so by the 
selfishness of man. To the young man who wanted 
Jesus to induce his brother to divide the family estate, 
he replied in substance : " My word is not to your 
brother, but to you. You are afraid of losing some 
property, but you are losing your soul through greed 
and hate. You are concerned about something that will 
not satisfy even if you get it." In Dives Jesus has giv- 
en us a picture of the type of men who have no vision 
wider and no aim higher than worldly amusement or 
enjoyment. Riches may take wings and fly away, but 
neither their coming nor their going will ruin the man 
who holds moral and spiritual values higher. For such 
a man to reach old age, possessed only of money and a 
desire to increase it, is not success in life. It is a sad 
and terrible failure ; better die a pauper in purse than 
a pauper in soul ; better fail to get money than to allow 
money to get you." 

By bringing them under the control of the Christian 
motive stewardship is an incentive that dignifies and 
sanctifies the making and saving as well as the spending 
of money. A faithful steward is required in honor to 
increase his possessions, for he is thus enlarging his 
Lord's estate. " Cash and consecration, gold and good- 
ness, riches and righteousness should increase to- 
gether." " If you want to know whether you are going 
to be a success or a failure in life," says James J. Hill, 
" you can easily find out. The test is infallible. Are 
you able to save money? If not, drop out. The seed 
of success is not in you." The rich fool was not con- 
demned for making money, but for acting like a fool 
with the money he had made. Alongside of covetous- 
ness is the companion sin- of thriftlessness and waste. 
The man with one talent and the man with one pound 
were alike punished because they did not use their 
lord's money in a productive way. 

Money is a power in itself, but it is raised to its 
highest power when linked up with Christ. It supplies 
drink for the thirsty, bread for the hungry, clothing 
for the naked, lodging for the homeless, schools for the 
needy, hospitals for the sick, and homes for the orphan. 
In his name it is a defense for the oppressed, a comfort 
to the suffering, eyes to the blind, feet to the lame, hope 
for the downcast, and a lifter up from the gates of 

When Harvey S. McLeod, of Troy, N. Y., was a 
young Christian, on the advice of his pastor he made a 
stewardship pledge, bought a small ledger and began to 
keep a strict account. He has helped twenty-five young 
men to get an education, and has influenced 332 young 
men to become tithers. 

"We honor men," says Rodger T. Nooe, " in asking 
them to do the honorable thing with their money, which 
is a part of their life; and they will honor us for doing 
it. Looking back over a ministry of twenty-five years, 
I can see that my best friends are those whom I have 
been able to lead into systematic and proportionate giv- 

Why the benevolent millionaire and the benevolent 
billionaire? May it not be that Providence has raised 
up men of genius in finance to give for the mass until 
the mass awake to their stewardship and give for them- 
selves ? 

3. Stewardship challenges men to remake modern civi- 
lization and establish it on a true and permanent 

Our civilization is largely founded on a falsehood— 
the pagan conception of ownership. This falsehood is 
the taproot of the ills of the present social order. The 
center and source of the major maladies of mankind" is 
that individuals, races, and nations, forgetting the God 

that made them, the world and all that therein is, as- 
sume that they own part of the earth with unrestricted 
rights to take all of it they can get and use it as they 

This lie of man's ownership of the forces and re- 
sources of the world is manifest in the greed and self- 
ishness of those who revel in luxury and ease regardless 
of the privation and suffering of those in poverty and 
want. It is manifest in the exploitation of the weak 
and underprivileged by the strong and privileged peo- 
ples and races. It is manifest in the continual clash be- 
tween labor and capital, provoking hate and entailing 
hurt to both. Even war is an outgrowth and manifes- 
tation of diis false and pagan philosophy of the uncon- 
ditional ownership of wealth, whether private, tribal, 
or national. 

As a result of this erroneous philosophy civilization 
itself is sick with a deadly disease — the disease of ma- 
terialism or thingitis, the reign of lifeless things over 
the living souls of men. This reign of things as repre- 
sented in modern money, which is value concentrated 
into the least material bulk, is the rival god of our 
quasi-Christian civilization. The tendency of this em- 
phasis on things instead of men is toward covetousness, 
impurity, theft, murder, divorce, race suicide; in fact, 
toward the darkening, dwarfing, and deadening of the 
soul of humanity. 

A person without anything whatever has infinite 
value ; things without or apart from persons have no 
value whatever. In arithmetical language, persons are 
the digits and things the ciphers. A cipher after 1 
makes 10, but a cipher before 1 makes .01. Likewise, 
things after persons multiply the value of persons, but 
things before persons decimate the value of persons. 
Many people of means who ought to be rich in intrinsic 
values, because of their engrossment with things, dwin- 
dle into mere decimal fractions. Putting things before 
persons would ultimately reduce civilization to one 
huge decimal, which the larger it became, the more 
worthless it would be. 

The industrial, the national and international, and 
even the religious life of the world is suffering from 
the withering blight of thingitis. It is the love of things 
that divides capital and labor ; the love of persons 
would unite them. While it is bad that we have had 
war, it is worse that the spirit of war still exists in the 
hearts of men. This spirit is provoked by the love of 
things but quenched by the love of humanity. Religion 
to be Christian must not be so busy about things that it 
forgets folks. It must not rest content with giving 
things to Christ ; it must carry Christ to things. 

Is there any remedy for this malicious malady of ma- 
terialism that is gnawing at the vitals of the world's 
life? The only cure lies in displacing the pagan false- 
hood of human ownership with the Christian truth of 
divine ownership and human stewardship in the eco- 
nomic, political and religious thought, and life of so- 
ciety, warming this truth in the souls of men with a 
sense of God's presence and power, thereby imbuing 
them with a divine mastery over material things. " The 
principles of stewardship vitalized in our churches and 
applied in the business relations of men," says Walt N. 
Johnson, " is the supreme need of our civilization " 
(Stewardship Vitalized, p. 124). 

4. The challenge of stewardship to men is a challenge 
to change the spirit of the church so that she will ac- 
tually go forth to fully face and adequately fulfil her 
whole task. 

The only answer to present world conditions is the 
manifestation of an enlarged allegiance to the vital 
principles of Christianity on the part of the moral and 
spiritual forces of mankind. The reason why the king- 
dom of God comes so slowly is not because of the an- 
tagonism of its enemies, but because of the half- 
heartedness of its friends. Are we living the truth we 
believe? Almighty Power, Almighty Wisdom, and Al- 
mighty Love can not make headway in leading into 
further light souls that will not strive to live true to 
known truth. True Christianity demands putting into 
practice throughout life the truth we profess when we 
unite with the church. The kingdom needs men today 
who will not occupy themselves trying to explain why 
they can't, but who will dare to believe, plan, and per- 

form the work God has given his church to do. The re- 
ligion of Jesus is the supreme world religion and it 
rightfully belongs to all mankind. 

The challenge of stewardship is not simply to do this 
particular thing or to make that particular offering, 
but to create such an attitude that life in all of its re- 
lationships will tend to make the social order Christian. 
" We shall sooner or later have to agree," says Bishop 
Francis J. McConnell, " that some men will never see 
Christianity in its social bearing until the church strides 
forth to the market place to buy and sell honestly, until 
the church employs laborers and treats them according 
to the Christ standards, and until the church uses its 
funds to lift on high the doctrine of the stewardship of 

Where shall we stop in our program? At the end of 
the world. If we walk with God, we must keep mov- 
ing, and in the right direction. There is only one path 
for the church of the living God, and that is the for- 
ward path. " Anywhere," said Livingstone the Path- 
finder, " provided it is forward." 

" We emphasize stewardship," says Dr. Geo. W. 
Truett, " for the purpose of developing the Christian 
life of all." The time has come for Christendom to re- 
shape her world strategy. The hour has struck to 
make new ventures of faith that call for new invest- 
ments of life and money adequate to the needs and 
commensurate with the conditions of the unredeemed 
sectors of human society. It is the burning business of 
the church to cry aloud in its insistent demand that the 
stewardship principle shall be actually applied every- 
where until a property-centered shall become a person- 
centered world. Too many of us are relating God to 
only a fragment of our lives and a fraction of our time 
and money, instead of putting him at the center of all 
we think and say and do and earn and spend and save 
and give. Stewardship challenges us to the joyous 
recognition and acknowledgment of his sovereignty, 
and the conscientious administration of the whole of 
life, as he may direct by his Spirit and according to his 

"Church of the Crucified, earth needs thy passion, 
Love agonizing the wayward to win; 
Pure self-oblation in Christliest fashion, 

Soul sweat and travail to save men from sin: 
Church of the Risen One, love that withholdeth 

Naught that it has God would give to thee now; 
Arise in the might that thy weakness unfoldeth, 
Bid tbe whole earth to the Crucified bow." 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Covins.— Nov. 3 Bro. J. S. Zimmerman preached in the morning and 

officiated at the love feast in the evening. The father and son 
banquet was held Nov. 7. Prof. Ray Cullcn of La Verne College gave 
a very fitting address. Our pastor was absent two weeks in November 
holding a series of meetings at Hornet. During this time the pulpit 
was filled in the morning by the following: Brethren Ellis Studebaker, 
J. B. Emmert and J. P. Dickey, all of La Verne. 'Their messages" 
were very helpful and inspiring. The school of missions was carried 
out in a rather unique way during the month pf November and part 
of December. A program by the Chinese mission from Los Angeles 
was given the first night. Bro. J. S. Miller of La Verne, member of 
the General Ministerial Board, gave an address on the Growth of 
Home Missions in Our Church. A home mission pageant by local 
talent was given one night. Dr. Carter, a netrro missionary to his 


own people in Los A 

converted only fifteen months ag' 

ccrning his experience. A special 

with dinner at the church.. Dec 

was taken. The Dis 

Society officers were 

Mrs. H. M. Brubake: 


to Chri 


Mission Board toward the deficit. Ou 
to work with their usual energy to bi: 
Tempie S. Funk. Charter Oak, Calif., 
Glendora.— Oct. 21 Eld. J. 

lity. talked to us con- 
held Thanksgiving Day 
Thanksgiving offering of $124 
it Aid officers were with us Dec. 5. Aid 
;cted for another year, the president being 
The Aid decided to send $10 to the General 

pastor and wife are continuing 
lild us up in Christ Jesus.— Mrs. 
Dec. 14. 
t of La Verne gave an excellent 

: by baptism 
. Sollenberger 
absence of a 
efforts have 

message on sanctification and the Holy Spirit. 
fourteen have been added to the church by, letter, ( 
and one reclaimed; four letters were granted. Eld. A. 
has had charge of the work during the year in th 
permanent pastor. His faithful service and sacrincii 
shown his deep love for the cause and the flock 
blessed by constantly increasing attendance at the SI. ... 
Eld. \Vm. Conner of Huntingdon, Pa., took up the pastorate and en- 
tered upon the work with earnestness and enthusiasm. On Thanks- 
giving day services were held, Eld. Conner giving the sermon. At 
the close of the service a missionary offering of $315 was lifted. In 
the afternoon Bro. Conner preached the examination sermon and offi- 
ciated at the love feast ir^ the evening. About 300 communed, a 
goodly number being present from adjoining churches. On the eve- 
ning of Dec. 2 a surprise welcome was given our pastor and family. 
About 100 of the older group gathered, each bringing a gift. Dec 6 
the younger group surprised them, also bringing gifts. The Sisters- 
Aid is doing good work and growing in interest. The District Aid 
workers were with us Dec. 4 which was much appreciated; their 
talks were helpful and inspiring. Dinner was served at noon to 
about fifty. We are glad to report that Eld. C. W. Guthrie who has 
been confined to his home for about two months is able to worship 
with us again. Dec. 12 we held our quarterly council and elected 
officers for the year: Elders, Wm. Conner and O. V. Long- clerk 
Bro. Roy Brubaker; "Messenger" agent, Sister Effic Norcross- cor- 
respondent. Sister Annie Bashor. Dec. IS the Orange Blossom sing- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

musical program.— Mrs. Anna 

crs of La Verne gave us a splendid 
Gnagy. Glendora, Calif., Dec. 19. 

La Verne congregation adopted a set of by-la 
most carefully prepared during the past lew months, at council meet, 
■nee 11 Our elder, Ilro. J. 1). Emmert. presided. The following 
committee. K. H. Wolfe, Dr. F. M. Shirk. E. R. Blickcnstaff, C. E. 
Dresner and D. W. Cist, together with the pastor Ilro Calen K. 
Walker and elder, J. B. Emmert. prepared the first draft. The be 
of religious education and others assisted in the completion 
draft and it was further studied by the entire congrega 

of this 

least Oct. 18; Christma. program by the primary and junior depart- 
ments Two special features were passed upon: Prof. Winger . lec- 
tures on his trip abroad and a two weeks' singing class by Mro. 
Brightblll. Since our last report the B. Y. P. D. met with Plymouth. 
Brother and Sister (Ross) Bjorkland and daughter, met with u. ,n a 
Sunday lorenoon service the forepart of November. The former 
spoke on Redeeming the Time, and the latter s theme was The 
Power ol the Gospel, as shown in its effect upon the people ol India 
under her observation while serving there as missionary. 

church by baptism : 
our church has beei 
Harry Wolfe, Union 


sm. Recently 

ing laid.-Mre. 


! Dec. 

1 with t!nrly- 
of membeis 
iac officiated, 

constitution is a brief of the 
: to the local congregation. The co 
rising vote of thanks (or its excclt, 
were elected at this service: clerk, 
secretary, the writer; church trustee, J. 
system in connection ■ 

ch polity ' 

vith the 


ork. The following officers 
Overholtzer; corresponding 
Mishler. The envelope 
memher canvass was adopted to 
care of the finances. Pastor Galen K. Walker preached at the 
union Thanksgiving service when several hundred people were pres- 
ent in the college auditorium Thanksgiving eve. Bro Albert Br 
baker of Rice Lake, N. Dak., preached on the evening of Dec. 
various adult classes of the Sunday - school^ 
on program's at the midweek 
tended.-Gracc Hileman Miller 

Live Oak church enjoyed services on Thanksgiving Day. The ser- 
mon was delivered by Bro. G. O. Gaunt. An offering of $20 was 
taken for the General Mission Board for home missions. After thi 
services a basket dinner was enjoyed. I 
spent the afternoon quilting and the me: 
the church. Our scries of meetings comi 
Bro. J. M. Boaz, pastor of the Oakland cl 
tinued for two weeks, with good crowd: 
fourteen were baptized. The son" ■' 
Crites. The spirit with which oi 
service was very commendable, 
ning. The meetings closed 

Their i 

A committee wa 
ices. At present we ai 
" Messenger." A chor 
gregations at the timt 
their work very much 
the Sunday-school deli 
offering of $28.38 for 


, H. Sui 

■ taking tu 
These services I 
, Calif., Dec, 23. 

hers of the Aid Society 
id some repairing about 
:ed Dec. 1 conducted by 
:h. These meetings con- 
iroughout. As a result 
is conducted by Bro. A. 
young people entered into the song 
["here was a special song each eve- 
a love feast on Dec. 16. Sixty- 

Sugar Creek. 
meeting. The 

Chloe Ot 
son Howard 
Creek chun 

al inspiration to all present. 

ppointed to arrange for the Sunday evening serv- 

e arc using the "Quiet Hour" as outlined jn the 

s and male quartet visited a number of con- 

ol their several evangelistic efforts, enjoying 

Thanksgiving eve the junior department of 

cred a program on Africa and brought an 

heir Africa project work. 

he Christmas program was no 

i, Plymouth, Ind., Dec, 25. 

t with us Dec. IS in a business 

■ elected: Sunday-school super- 

" icr; clerk, 


:alled ' 


Eld. L. U. Kr 
following office 
-y R. Bollinger; assistant, Norman 

- " agent, Harry R. Bollinger. Bro. kreide* s 
ho lives in Fort Wayne, Ind., was also with us. Sugar 
is the church of Bro. Kreider's childhood and he was 
y R. Bollinger, Columbia City, Ind., 

try he. 


: offic 



Live Oak, Calif.. Dec. 21. 

Vfdora church met ii 
officers were elected. 

the writer, " Mcssengei 
Sunday-school superintended 
nidst Sister Nclli 


mcil Nov. 28. Church an 

J. H. Brubakcr was aga 

gent and correspondent; 

God has seen fit to i 


Dec. 23. 

West Goshen.-Eor the past several months our church ^h; 
the usual activities with a few outstanding meeting: 
was the young people's conference of Northern Indian: 
On Friday evening Bro. Edward Frantz of Elgin 
address on Thy Kingdom Come, which was "■- 
ference. On Saturday the speakers were Br 
A. W. Cordicr of North Manchester and Bro. 
spoke on Reverence and Prayer; 
Religion and Our Responsibilit 
on A Young Person " " 


of these 

Nov. 29 and 30. 

ne of the con- 

Brightbill of Chicago. 

rantz. Bro. Brightbill 

A. W. Cordier on Fine Arts in 

... ;hc World of Tomorrow; Bro. Frantz 

God. We are looking forward to., the 

■ of Brookville, Ohio, on J; 
s. Clayton Ganger, Goshen, 

i. 4 to a 

Ind., Dc< 


l chosen elder; 
Iro. Jesse Cox, 

sed by all, es- 

pecially i 

Emmet.— Dec 
Bro. Will of 
awaits the ril 
service. There 
The church 

is, nearly always pres- 

church and Sunday-school ; 
Strycker, Consul. Sask., Dec. 1*. 


we closed our series of meetings conducted by 
in Falls, Idaho. Mine were baptized and one 
The tlhurch was increased in faith and joy of 
! splendid cooperation on the part of the members. 
iuch strengthened by the large attendar"" 
....nual Thanksgiving meeting of the workers of the 
ninety young folk attended the banquet given 
C. H. Shambcrger, in conncctk 
irict, added much to the inten 
in Idaho and Western 
Idaho, Dec. 18. 

Fruitland.— Just recently our pastor, McKinley Coffman. 
from the Bowmont church, Idaho, where he held a two weeks' evan- 
gelistic meeting. We missed him greatly; we find ourselves looking 


Cedar Rapids.-Bro. Chas. A. Bame, of Ashland, Ohio, who held la 
iccetdul series of meetings in October for the Brethren and Church 
"rR'r.hren in their cooperative fellowship, is again m the city 
■denominational Sunshine mission to good audiences. 
Strong message yesterday morning to a full house 
i.-S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Dec. 17. 

n four adults 


At our 
District, fiver 
honor. Bro. 
s of the Dis- 
The work looks very prosperous 
Montana.— D. J. Wampler, New Plymouth, 


.ell filled house.— Mrs 

Sunday - 
Lee Fisher. The attend- 
great interest in the Sun- 
■ attendance when spring 
icr but little snow.— Mrs. 


upplies at 
ittcnded the 
good was 
■ school and Christian 


Worker prob- 

. Idaho, Dec. 

, enjoyed by our own 
,m Sterling and Pine 
terling, officiated, A 
;ervcd Nov. 17, which 

forward to the spiritual food he so a 

About fifty members of this congrega 

meeting at the Emmett churc" 

through the discussions of Sunda 

lems Bro. C. H. Shambcrger brought much inspiration to our local 

church the following week in a splendid address on our attitude 

toward peace. We feci that we arc progressing nicely spiritually and 

keeping the work moving along.— Reina Jenks. Fruitla 


Dixon.— Our fall communion held Oct. 20 wa 
members as well as a number of visitors fi 
Creek. Bro. Baldwin, the new pastor at I 
special cvery-member's and rally day was ot 
brought together a good attendance for the 
programs of readings, songs, etc. Bro. O. G. Davis of Chicago was 
the speaker for the occasion and brought to us some of his usual 
pointed and spirited addresses on the spirit of our general church 
program of worship, education and missions. A chicken supper was 
given by the young married folks in the recently refinished base- 
ment, which netted about $40. The young ladies' sewing club held a 
bazaar and cleared about $30. Both amounts were turned into the 
treasury for the remodeling fund. The Bethany Bible School deputa- 
tion team rendered *a splendid program for us Sunday evening, Dee. 
IS, which was very helpful and much enjoyed. The churches of 
the city are again uniting for the Week-of- Prayer services. Our 
pastor will speak in the Baptist church the last evening, Jan. 10. 
The union pre-Lenten services are to he held the last week in Feb- 
ruary in our church. This year the speaker for the., occasion is to 
he from the Brethren denomination, so the Secretary of our Minis- 
terial Association has secured the promise of Bro. R. H, Miller of 
North Manchester for this service on the evenings of Feb. 26, 27 
and 28-Mrs. B. ( C. Whitmore, Dixon. III., Dec. 19. 

Shannon church met on Dec. IS to elect officers for the coming 
year. Bro. W. E. West was reelected elder and Mrs. Verna Heislcr 
was chosen Sunday-school superintendent. Our Thanksgiving offer- 
ing was $29.61, most of which went for missionary purposes. We also 
sent two boxes of food and clothing to the Hastings Street mis- 
sion. The young people's class has been helping support Bro, W. J. 
Heiscy on "the China field this year. We regret very much the 
moving of one of our families to Mt. Morris recently.— Mrs. Verna E. 
Heisler, Shannon, 111., Dec. 19. 

Buck Creek church met in council Dec. 7 for the annual election of 
officers. We held our Thanksgiving service in the evening; the 
offering was $8.80. Nov. 30 the Mission Band of Bethany Bible 
School gave us a wonderful, program. The Aid Society is working 
each week, having all-day meetings. We will elect officers on Dec. 
31. The Sunday-school gave their Christmas program Dec. 22, a very 
impressive service. Prayer service is on Wednesday evening -—'■ 
Bro. E. N. Cross, leader. A. J. Replogle i 
tendent.— Phcbe E. Teeter, Mooreland. Ind, 

Leon Creek church met in council Dec. 
Sisters' Aid permission to decorate the w 
do some remodeling in the kitchen. Wt 
books, the music committee to look 

Ottumwa.-Sunday. Dec. 15, was a Qxy for rejoicing 
were born into the kingdom through baptism. We fe 
aged and welcome this fine group of folks. Dec. 22 
gram and pageant. Darkness and Lignt, V 
M. J. Clark, Ottumwa, Iowa, Dec. 24. 

Slifer.-The Sunday-school gave a Christmas program Dec. 22 clos 
ing with a pageant entitled. Gifts of Gladi 
school every Sunday and preaching by Bro. 
ance is about as usual. Everybody takes a 
day-school and we look forward to a large 
opens. We have had some very cold weatl 
J E Lauvcr, Lohrvillc, Iowa, Dec. 24. 
Union Ridge.-Sunday, Nov. 30, was observed as Thanksgiving and 
ival day. The children brought what they had earned 
■ ring the year for their missionary project in Africa, 
lessagc was given in the forenoon by the pastor. Aft- 
iinner at the noon hour a miscellaneous program was 
children and young people and an offering l 
n work under the General Mission Board 
sionary pageant-play entitled " Janey " v, 
ally 'given by the young people. The quarterly business 
nvened Dec. S at which time church officers '"* 
:cted. Bro. J. S. Sherfy was reelected elder, 
is elected church correspondent instead of the 

D organization purchased and presented to 
pies of the new Hymnal. Appropriate presenta 
observed Sunday, Dec, S. On the sa 
-ntertained at dinner hy their teacher 
J. S. Sherfy, Hampton, Iowa, Dec. 9. 


\ fortunate in securing Bro. J. R. Smith 
as pastor for the coming year. A series 
conducted by Brother and SistcrJ; 

ssionary fes 
or produced d 
A missionary i 
er the basket di 

rendered by the 
for home missii 
evening the 

services wei 

People were 
pastor.— Mt! 

is given 
In (he 
s effec- 

Flinl church enjoyed its first communior 
three members present. We were glad for the prcse 
from Pontiac and Mt. Morris. Bro. Smith from P 
assisted by Bro. L. H. Prowant. Our young people expect to give 
the pageant, The Seven Golden Candlesticks, again in the near future. 
-Mrs. Emory Taylor, Flint, Mich., Dec. 21. 

Onekama.— We are glad to be back again in the work here. Our 
number is small but faithful. Our young people are. giving some very 
excellent Christian Worker programs. Bro. Ulery has been absent. 
(or some time holding several scries of meetings in Southern Ohio. 
A Christmas program entitled, The Bethlehem Way. was given in our 
church jointly with the Congrcgalionahsts. An offering was B»v« 
to be divided equally between the two schools. -Mrs. Sylva Ulery, 
Onekama. Mich., Dec. 23. 

Woodland Village church met in council Dec. 14. Eld. John Smith 
was again chosen to act in that capacity. The clerk and treasurer 
were reelected; the -Messenger" agent, Emma vSotnng. and the 
writer were again chosen, A finance board and one trustee were also 
chosen We voted to have our pastor, Erwin Weaver, hold pre- 
Easter services. Our attendance is still on the increase with a ban- 
ner attendance (or Sunday-school on Dec. 8. Our Aid received about 
£40 from the bake sale, fancy work and thrift sale. The officers of the 
past year were reetectcd.-Doris Wheeler, Woodland, Mich., Dec. 19. 


Worthingtor. church met in council Dec. 14. We expect to hold a 
revival meeting some time during the year, preferably in June. Wo 
are inviting the young people of our section of the District to-meet 
here (or the young people's conference in June or July. We elected 
Sunday-school and church officers (or the year: Bro. J. E. Rolston. 
elder; Bro. Vernon . inckh, Sunday school superintendent. The young 
people of the community gave a pageant at Thanksgiv 
the church gave a Christmas program Dec. 
ington, Minn., Dec. 24, 

Carthage church enjoyed a spiritual love feast occasion Nov. 16-17. 
Thirty-nine surrounded the Lord's table on Saturday night with e.ld. 
Lester Fike offic.atmg and Bro. J. W. Renfro assisting. On Sunday 
a splendid fellowship was enjoyed in an all-day meeting, brcaklast and 
dinner being served at the church. In the alie-riioon liro. Renlro gave 
a message on the observance of " Fathers and Sons' Week." Our 
Thanksgiving service was held on Nov. 27 when our pastor gave a 
Thanksgiving message and an offering was lifted for home missions. 
The nrst Sunday of December was observed as Bible Sunday An 
as lilted for Bethany Bible School and the pastor distributed 
one cent editions of the books of the Bible to every one 
Every one was urged to carry an edition of some portion 
of'theBible and make it a constant study. Dec. 13 the church met 
in regular council It was decided that the official year ol the 
church should begin Sept. 1 and the church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected to serve until that time. Eld. Lester E. Fike was 
reelected elder and pastor; Sister Dorothy* Shank, church clerk; Bro. 
Leland Gordon, Sunday-school superintendent. Most other officers 
were reelected. It was decided to adopt the budget system in hanccs 
and a finance committee was elected. We arc endeavoring to cooperate 
with the general program o( evangelism leading to the 1,900th I 
versary oi Pentecost next June. We will have a program 
preceding Christmas.— Mrs. Lester E. Fikc, Carthage, 


KallspeU church met m council Dec. 5, with Bro. Guy Kao. modera- 
tor Officers were elected for the new year. Bro. Kao was elected 
foreman; Sister Minnie Fry, clerk; Sister Nellie Kao as "Messenger 
,.,„, w, invite any of our ministering brethren going through to 
2S end five os »- serv.ces.-II.elnt, Street, WhtteS.h. 

: and 
-Ruth Eddy, Worth- 


Mo., Dec. 

ind ay 

Lone Star church ha 

of Lincoln, Nebr., to s 

Sister Hattie Burn 

writer. Our B. Y. 

o the church sixty 

an and dedication 

le day the Young 

i the home o( the 

Dec. 21. 

Kearney church 
time a complete r 
of the church lor 
being elected, cl 

ings to be held : 
Dec. 8 

gs ' 



were baptized and 
the leadership of Sister Lola Flory, nas 
meet every week and for several weeks 
The bazaar and supper on Nov. 22 was a 
feast was held Thanksgiving eve. The c 
tiful and impressive. Thanksgiving Day 
and Bro. J. R. Smith gave us a fine st 



was shown, 
ur Ladies' Aid, 
splendid year. 
have had all-day meetings. 
financial success. Our love 
mmunion service was beau- 
we gathered at the church 
mon. An offering of $19.19 

j enjoyed in the 
, 16. 

fternoon.— Lillie M. Ikcnberry, Lone 

McPherson church has recently enjoyed the presence . 
Bowman and wife of Elgin, 


, special servic 


most helpful evangelistic meet- 

: baptized into the fellowship of the 
lmher of students indicated their de- 
___ e effective Christian service. Three 
others" have' J becn"b 1 aptized since the last report. The union Thanks- 
S service was held in our church with Rev. Roper of the Baptist 
church preaching the sermon. The Aid Society netted about $2M 
from a food and needlework sale early in December. Part of this 
money will be used for missions and the rest will help pay the pledge 
toward the church building fund. The Aid Society is organized in 
two circles with Mrs. J. Hugh Heckman as general prr-d- 
circle meets weekly and one biweekly. At an all-day n 
month the woman's missionary «ciety gives^a prograr- 
directed by Lawrence Turner 
Birthday of the 

King.— Edith McGaffcy, McPherson, K; 
ch held its regular council Dec. 11 
regular committees presented fa 

eeting each 

n. The choir 

cantata. The 

Dec. 21. 

iday-school superin- 

Dec. 23. 
lec. 13. The church granted the 
le walls in the church and also 
We decided to get new song 
after this work. Our Thanks- 
giving and Christmas offerings will be given next Sunday. A Christ- 
mas program will be given in the evening; at this time thc^spccial 
Sunday-school offering will be given. Bro. Geo. 
Ind., is our pastor this winter; he is giving some 
He is also leader of the young people's meetings, 
is very busy quilting.— Mrs. Chas. Heaston. Huntington. Ind., Dec. 17. 
Middletown.— We met in council and decided to hold our council 
meetings through the winter on the afternoon of the first Sunday of the 
month. We decided to get new song books but the ministerial board 
■ ' should be " 

, the West- 

blc reports. 

?es reported 

D. Roop. Bro. 

ay maples were 

ol the Meadow 



Beery of Marklc 

very fine sermons. 

The Sisters' Aid 


j chalk talk Oct. 13. Our 
mdoy evening. We have 
ind evening. The Sunday- 
ncmbers we have.— Florida 

Burns ol New Lisbon gave us an 
Christmas entertainment will be next S 
Preaching services every Sunday morning 
school is doing well considering the few 
J. E. Green. Middletown, Ind., Dec. 16. 

Pfaie Creek.— The congregation assembled in council Dee. 14. The 
program for the year was presented and passed upon as follows: pre- 
Easter service of one week; Mother's Day program by the B. Y. P. 
D.j- Vacation Bible School the last week of May and first week of 
June; harvest meeting Sept. 7; evangelistic meetings Oct. 4-19; love 

Meadow Branch chi 
minster house. The .-„ 

Six letters were presented and four granted. The 

a vacancy on their board by the death of Bro Jm 

Frank Garner was elected in his stead, beverai HOi 

esented to the congregation and planted in Iron! 

ch* a letter of appreciation was sent sir. j. 
"al'so been extended to the Gleaners class for 
,„„ Leister was approved as a member of Ihe 
Sunday-school board. Sister Emma B.xler was appointed 

place of Bro. Herbert Petry who resigned. Ou 
,._s set for April 17.-Wm. E. Roop, Westminster, W 
"Thurmont.-Since our last report four members have be 
by letter. We feel Strengthened and encouraged by he 
these two families of members from Canada This give 
armreciatcd help in the ministry and adds another «>"»»'» ""' 
number We are earnestly hoping that the dawning of a brighter 
dachas come to the little Thurmont church. Bro. Wagoner preached 
for us today on .he subject, A Conscience Void of Offense Toward 
God and Man.-T. S. Fike. Thurmont. Md., Dec. ' 

Union Bridge.— Nov. 28 Bi 
Ohio, began a series 
thought best to cont 
Bro. J. H. Wi 
attended. Bro 
Smith lahored 
S we had two 



let in regular business meeting Dec. 11 at which 
rganization was effected for carrying on the work 
lother year, all church and Sunday-school officers 
ch budget adopted, etc. The local ministerial 
:d to secure an evangelist for a scries of meet- 
near Easter time as convenient. Our love (cast 
„ attended by members, Bro. Taw*cr of Hastings 
had a program the evening of Thanksgiving Day and 
... missions. On Sunday, Nov. 24, a missionary sermun 
was preached by the pastor and another offering for missio 
taken. The Ladies' Aid Society is busily at work < 
week, with an average attendance of about eight, 
and Bible study on Thursday nights is wel 
terest is being manifested in the B. Y. P. 
—Mrs. S. E. Thompson, Kearney, Nebr., Dec 


Canton.-The attendance at the communion ! 
perhaps the largest in the history of this church, 
meeting was helpful. At this time three were receiv. 
by baptism and three by letter. Plans arc under w; 
religious campaign called the New Crusade, 
to Jan. 12. Dr. Geo. Wood Anderson will 
Noffsingcr is assisting our pastor. J. C. 
preaching service at the Maple Avenue Misi 
minister, still resides in this church, somew 
means idle.-Mrs. Grace Miller, Canton, Ohio, Dec. 17. 

Clevetand.-Wc have been enjoying many good things the past f 
months Oct. 20 we observed a harvest-thanksgiving servi 
sermon by the pastor and some special music. Following 
our second anniversary day. 
brought the message both n 
joyed a delightful social hour. 
putting ' 

lass of young 
tmas cantata 
'the direction of C. W. Dictrick. 
appreciation by an unusually large audi- 
21 the children gave their Christmas pro- 
moving to Cleveland or arc already here 
"""I' 'Vo^'found'the "church drop us a line so we may find them 
and may fellowship together-Mrs. John Harshman, Cleveland, Ohio, 

County Lhw-Bro. David Metier of Nappanee '«£. >«W our »jj» 

i TIT, NO on; 7 scrvice eC r SSJZXSfiL ^IhS 
ft Gut, rS re n s1din VlC Siste°r U Helen .Guthrie was elected Sund 
1 . . 0...:. I Guthrie, La Fayette. Ohio. JJec. u. 

,d Sister Wilmer Petry of Pits- 
burg. Oh,o. were w.,n u. ^J ^f^ idT on 'account 5 

S^S^^J^^SS.^1^ *»«■ Six were bap- 
£ed and we f'eel i that our church has been greatly built up spiritual- 
ly Bro Petry visited in practically all the homes, thus getting 
in closer touch with the workers. Sister Petry was alsi 
Sunday morning she gave a short talk 1 

half day 

[ended. Much 
Bible study cla 

n Nov. 24 was 
e spirit of the 
nto the church 
for a city-wide 
i continue (rom Dec, 31 
: the speaker. Stanley 
lan, by conducting the 
. J. F. Kahler. another 
retired although by no 

vith a 

H. Miller o( North Manchester 
and afternoon. At noon all en- 
Thc Ladies' Aid has been active in 
of fancy work and also baked goods. 
has adopted the " Cheer Sister 
splendid things. The Pioneer 
people worked hard (or a number of weeks 
which they rendered Dec. 

ye3r and 

i doing ( 

that morning. Dec. 

school superintendent.— Bessie L. 
Pleasant Valley (Ohio).- 

isler S. Z. Sm 
_.ieetings continuing until Dc 
the meeting for sevi 
ig the pulpit. The 
Smith preached the word 
vith the juniors each e- 
services, one conduct* 
boys, the other hy Sister Smith for 
church has been strengthened. Nin 

of Sidm 



before preaching, 
■o. Smith for me 

We feel th. 

received inl 


i the children 

n.-ny words of appreciation (or the inspir- 

ro the messages in song by Brother and Sister 

■ appreciation for their work and also remember- 

jur evangelists were just recently married, the 

isted by the adult classes, gave a pound shower for 

them Dec. 14. Another surprise awaited them ™ Sund •£ "";"* 

i presented Brother and Msiei 

of the home: 
on Obedience. Tn< 
ing sermons and ; 
Petry. To show a 
ing the fact that 
young people, 


when a special offering \.~~ 

wedding present from the community. -Grace Rhoadei, 

Ind., Dec. 24. 

(Continued on Page 16) 

Union City. 




(Continued From Post ID 
ble. and modem science possible. The church 

a fortress, 
bnTltsolidly upon the Rock. The church is a school, not a 
museum of finished specimens. The church is a hospital for 
imperfect folks. The church is the bride ot Christ He 
shares all with the bride. He gave himself, his whole life was 
for her and the bride, the church, should give her life for 
him. Consecration of her all to his great plan is essential. 
West Point, Nebr. Mary P. Ellenberger. 

Clinton County, 


I H. Neher was born Feb. 21, 1848, i 
Ind, and died at his home in Hudson, 111.. Dec. 3, 1929, from 
a complication of diseases. He had been in failing hea th 
for about ten years. He 
married Nancy Himes while 
living in Montgomery Coun- 
ty; she survives with three 
children. Early in their 
married life they moved by 
wagon to Kansas. 

In 1S79 he was elected to 
the ministry in the Osage 
church. A few years later 
he was ordained and began 
to travel at his own expense 
over the frontiers of Kan- 
sas. He began his work in 
the Arkansas mission field in 
1898 and was thus engaged 
for seven years. Privations 
were endured, but always with joy and gladness. Many 
were born into the kingdom and many churches were or- 
ganized. He was a member of the church sixty-four years 
and in the active ministry forty-eight years. There is no 
doubt but that those strenuous, fruitful years in Arkansas 
were the happiest of his life. He came to Illinois again in 
1905 as pastor of the Hudson church. He was elder here 
for a number of vears and twelve years ago became pastor 
of the Roanoke church where he finished his active minis- 
try. , ' 

The home has been in Hudson of late years and it was 
there the funeral services were held by Bro. Geo. Miller 
assisted by Bro. John Switzer. Thus ends a life which has 
been of inestimable service to the church and to humanity 
and the influence of which goes on and on. 

Hudson. III. Mrs - Daw " L>on - 
■ • ■ 


I have selected this subject as being important in our 
church life. The " Gospel Messenger " is my theme, and I 
ask the question : Why is it that so many of our church 
members discard this good paper? 

It is in reach of every one from the rich down to the 
poor. Some claim Ms too high in price, but even most of 
these can take a daily paper at the rate of ten or fifteen 
cents per week, and a Sunday paper for five cents. Our 
church paper costs but four cents per week. 

This year regular subscribers can get the Yearbook as a 
premium at no extra expense. Those who discard the 
church paper miss a great deal, for they read nothing of 
what other churches are doing, and they miss a lot of good 
reading besides. 

I have had those who do not take it ask me certain things 
about the church, even at home. Not attending church, 
services regularly, and not taking our church paper, they 
lose out. 

1 have no income like some who could be subscribers, but 
I would be willing to live on two meals a day and would 
rather sacrifice something I would like to have, than do 
without our good church paper. I feel lost when we do not 
always get it on time. I always look forward to its coming 
with great pleasure. Florida J. E. Green. 

Middletown, Ind. 

appointed trustee to hold and invest all endowment an- 
nuity, and life support funds. This surrounds the sacred 
trusts with all necessary protection. 

The outstanding accomplishment of our departed Bro. 
Beachley is the water supply system. It was mainly through 
hi, efforts that a never failing spring was purchased ,n the 
Blue Ridge Mountains, two miles distant, and a pipe line 
laid, which supplies both our Home and the Peter Gray 
Orphanage directly across the highway, with the hnest 
quality of pure water. The supply is adequate for all pur- 
poses including fire protection. 

Our people are justly proud of our fine institution. Any- 
one desiring information either regarding admission or 
offering help, should write S. R. Weybriglit, President De- 
tour, Md.; the First National Bank, Hagerstown, Md. ; or 
\ M. Horst, Secretary, Hagerstown, Md. 

,,, A. M. Horst. 

Hagerstown, Md. _ 


, r- „.,t Elmrkrd lo hear on Saturday 

preceded her in death, c 
died at 17 years of age 

the utmost to make life pleasant or Mr. '" 
mons home she was with her daughter U 
City, Mo., where she was tenderly 

ing her last illness. She leaves 
great-grandchildren. Funeral set 
Church near Sweet Springs, Mo 
Church of the Brethren in Wa: 
pastor of the Christian Church, 
joining cemetery.— B. F. Summer 
Crewman, Sister Amanda B., 
her home 

red for by her children dur- 

Irildren. 14 grandchildren, two 

-es were conducted in the Baptist 

hy B. F. Summer, pastor of the 

■nsburg, assisted hy Rev. Kenny, 

Interment was made in the ad- 

., Warreiisburg, Mo. 

nee Keyser, wife of Percival R. Cress- 

Salfordvillc, Pa., Nov. 18, 1929, C ~ 

triplication of diseases, aged 62 years U months. She ►_!■ i«J- 

faithful member for a 

years) by Elders J 


Calif. Lenucl while 


killed by 



Southern Pacific 

r El Monte, Calif. 

Lenuel Booth was horn 

, 1912, at Empire, Calif. 

lis parents moved 

the Indi 

ment in adji 

Dick, Mrs 


ispital, . 


vith the 


when he 


:d by 
test twelve. F 
For twenty-fiv. 

Thursday afternoon, Nov. 
service, assisted by Eld. S. 
in the Oakdale cemetery. 

He is survived by his parents, B 
two sisters: Mrs. Joe Davis and ! 
Verne; and three brothers: Melvin 
of Covina. 

Covina, Calif.' 

He was- a graduate of 
Covina grammar school and a 
member of the present senior 
class in the high school. If the 
untimely event had not happened 
he would have graduated in Feb- 

good scholar in 
ambitious and 
laking a fine cit- 
.... He had many friends in the 
church and school and in the 
community, and will be missed 
greatly by them. 

Funeral services were held at 
the Covina Church of the Brethren, 
Eld. J. E. Steinour conducted 
Lehmer and the 

ind 27 day 

had promist 

Eakle, Evci 


Dthcr and Sister John A. Booth; 
[rs. Herman Neher. both ol La 
if Los Angeles, John and Charles 

Leland S. Brubaker. 


Whereas our heavenly Father in his infinite wisdom h; 
visit our church and community, and take from us our ti 
ful Bro. Everette K. Eakle, therefore, be it resolved: 

First: That although we realize God has called him 
place is vacant, yet we will be submissive and sa; 
thine he done." For we know the righteous shall dwell in 
beautiful mansion that God has prepared for them. 

Second: That we cherish the memory of his kind and gentle spi 
his true and exemplary life, as one filled with promi 

'Not c 


Third: That we tender our sincere sympathy t 
children, whose lives have been touched by th: 
yond the reach of earthly comfort, and 
brothers and sisters, who have lost a lo' 

Fourth: That a copy of these resolutions be 
the Eakle family, also to be published in o 
copy to be placed on the church record book 

Waynesboro, Va. 

lis wife and little 

great sorrow be- 

d .the father, mother, 

ng husband, son and 

t t< 


Sister Eakle an 
ch paper, and 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

ywwmiMw «wv\«M»wvwwiw»«ww*wi«««iiw*«y%A«**' 

Cavenaugh-Conner— By the undersigned, at the Lcwistown parson- 
age, Nov. 28, 1929, Joseph Albert Cavanaugh, and Lillian Gertrude 
Conner, the former of Strodes' Mills, Pa., and the latter of McVey- 
town, Pa.— M. Clyde Horst, Lewistown, Pa. 

Eicheaberger-Wolgemuth.-By the undersigned July 20, 1929, at the 
home of the pastor, Cedrick E. Eichcnhcrger of New York, N. Y., 
and Orlena Wolgemuth, also of New York City.— A. L. B. Martin, 



In 1903 leaders appointed by the church Districts of East- 
ern Maryland and Middle Maryland, organized to receive as 
a gift, the country home of the late Dr. Peter Fahrney of 
Chicago for the purpose of establishing a home for the 
aged of our church. The Home was soon filled, and others 
waited for admittance. 

Three large additions, including a chapel, were added at 
various times by contributions from our churches and oth- 
ers until at present it is large enough to care for fifty 
guests, who together with superintendent, matron and help 
total in number about sixty persons. It is indeed a happy 
refuge for a contented family. There is never a time when 
there is not a considerable waiting list of applicants for ad- 

Though many problems were encountered, the Home is 
now in splendid financial condition with land, buildings, and 
. equipment valued at perhaps $90,000 and $18,000 in the bank. 
The cash consists almost entirely of annuities and life sup- 
port deposits. Endowments are needed, presenting an un- 
usual opportunity for anyone in our Districts inclined to 
generosity, to minister to the worthy poor of our faith. 
The First National Bank of Hagerstown has recently been 

gned at the parsonage, Dec. 16, 1929, 
Okla., and Sister Ellen Miller Garst 
x, Bartlesvillc, Okla. 

Thanksgiving scr- 
; and Sister Mabel 
Colorado Springs, 

Lehman -Garst.— By the und' 
Bro. Joslah Lehman of Guthi 
of Claremore, Okla.— J. R. P 

Petes-Flora.— By the undersigned following th. 
mon at the Antioch church, Bro. Harry Cecil Pc 
E. Flora, both of Yoder, Colo.— S. J. Heckmai 

Snyder-Pelty.— By the undersigned at his residence. Dec. 7, 1929, 
Mr. Leonard Enos Snyder and Miss Dorothy Petty, both of Indianapo- 
lis. — Geo. L. Studebaker, Indianapolis, Ind. 


Bandy, Bro. Frank, died Sept. 24, 1929, aged 69 years. He was a 
member of the church for thirty-eight years. He is survived by his 
wife, one son, one daughter and eight grandchildren. Services at 
the Reading churchhouse by Eld. Oliver Royer. Interment in the 
Mt. Union cemetery.— Rena Heestand, Homcworth, Ohio. 

Beery, Sister Mary J., daughter of David and Sarah Hendricks, 
born at Bremen, Ohio, Feb. 20, 1874, died at her home at Bremen on 
April 20, 1929. Dec. 15, 1904, she married Bro. Daniel Beery. To 
them were born two sons who survive with the husband. She was a 
very devoted member of the Church of the Brethren throughout her 
life. She suffered patiently for more than a year before death 
claimed her. Funeral services at the home by E- B.. Bagwell, as- 
sisted by the writer. Burial in the Bremen cemetery.— Clyde Mulligan, 
ThorTiville, Ohio. 

Cox, Mrs. Malinda Williams, was born in Madison County, Ind., 
and passed away at Kansas City, Mo., Nov. 28, 1929, aged 79 years, 
6 months and 19 days. She was united in marriage to Wm. M. Cox, 
Aug. IS, 1870. To this union were born eight children, two of whom 

Vernficld, Pa. 

daughter, t»o granddaughter, and one great-grandson. J>""'"> 

Creek Brethren church by the home m.n.ater, 

.bring cemetery.-Mathiai P- Land..,. Vernheld, Pa. 

Florence Mat.lda Klahr. the, wile of Frank D.< 

,,„ born Sept. 7. 1882. and died in the Mercy II 

,, n „ n ,oto xvcA 47 vears 3 months and 2 da>s. sister 

Se children the oldest being nineteen and the 

r husband wa, instantly killed eleven year. 

years she was a faithful member of the Upper 

tlah, church where services were conduced hy Bro. B F. Walt*, 

SJ lb, Brethren Weyanl and Dively.-B. F. Walt,, Ai.oona, P.. 

— ■_ c . r ■■.„,.. lit | nW . Srhnll) wife of Bro. Harry Donough, 

Deatough.Si.t.r L, f a,eM. a tnee i Scl,.ll), wile ^ ^ ^ ^ 

She was a faithful member and lived a cou- 
,g ,aken membership in 1906. Surviving are her 
h" Sad one daughter, one son. Service, by Elder. Michae Kurt* 
and Chas. H. Ziegler in ,he Tulpehocken mce.mghousc. Interment 
in the cemetery adjoining.-lram J. Lenta, R.chland. Pa. 

tte, the youngest son of H. F. and Ida Eakle was horn 
A departed this life Nov. S, 1929, at the age of 30 years. 
He "was sick only a few days, and death cam. very unexpectedly a 
his home in the village of New Hope. His passing was a greal 
w the community Everette was an energetic and promising 

young man. with high standards and bright outlook for a splendid - 
ulure After completing his- high school work ,n the district, he 
graduated from the Dunsmore Busing -College of Sttunton/ Va He 
was ably qualified for the position which he held as cashier of the 
Bank of New Hope. This position brought him .n contact ,v.u aii 
classes of people, to whom he proved himself to be a real (r end 
He was quiet and unassuming in his manner, yet was a faithful 
worker in all he did. He was ot a lovable disposition, always cheer- 
ful, happy and willmg to help every one at all times He urfted 
with the church in August, 1924, and lived a consistent i.e. He was 
serving as church treasurer at the time of h,s death. He was 
married to Virginia Spitlcr. Sept. 4. 1923. To this union were born 
,wo daughters, who with his wife survive. He also leaves father 
mother, two brothers and two sisters. After a brief service he d 
from the Middle River church, conducted by the writer, his body _ 
was peacefully laid to rest in the adjoining cemetery, in the presence 
of a large group ol sympathizing friends, to await the resurrection. 
— B. B. Garber, Waynesboro, Va. 

Eshclman, Sister Mary, died at the home of a daughter, Mrs. O. C. 
Hoffman at Hummelstown, Dec. 10, 1929, aged 72 years. Surviving 
are nine' children Services at the home and at Hanover church hy 
Brethren F. S. Carper and Thos. Patrick. Burial in the adjoining 
cemetery.— Mamie S. Gipe, Hershey, Pa. 

Goodenberger, Jno., son ol Jacob and Mary Goodenberger, died 
March 3. 1929, aged 87 years, 8 months. His wife, three sons ami 
a daughter survive. Funeral services by J. C. Inman and J. F. 
Kahlcr.— Grace Miller, Canton, Ohio. 

Harman, Harris, son of Jesse and Sarah Harman. was born near 
Harman W Va He is survived by his wife, Ida. and seven chil- 
dren, one brother and four sisters. He united with the Church of 
the Brethren at a very early age and was elected deacon in 1907. 
He was a firm believer in the teaching of the Bible as practiced by 
the Church of the Brethren and was always a faithful worker. He 
had been in ill health for the past four years with leakage ol the 
heart which finally developed into heart dropsy. He bore his suf- 
ferings with Christian fortitude and patience. Services by his paB- 
tor, the undcrsigned.-C. L. Wilkins, Circleville, Ohio. 

Lehman, Sister Malinda (Goss), died at her home Dec. 9, 1929, 
after a lingering illness, aged 69 years, 5 months and 14 days. Sur- 
viving are her husband and two sons; one son preceded her. Services 
at the Spring Creek church by Brethren F. S. Carper and B. W. S. 
Ebersole. Burial in the adjoining cemetery.— Mamie S. Gipe, Hershey, 

Loomb, Martha Jane, wife of Eld. Edw. Loomis. died Nov. 14, 1929, 
aged 86 years, 8 months and 21 days. Her husband died eleven years 
ago. She had been a member of the church for over seventy years. 
She spent the greater part of her life in Mt. Zion church, near New 
Philadelphia, Ohio, but had lived in the Canton church for the last 
six years. Her daughter with whom she lived said she read the 
Bible through several times a year. Funeral by J. C. Inman and 
J. F. Kahlcr.— Mrs, Grace Miller, Canton, Ohio. 

Mason, Ralph Edward, youngest son of E. W. and Alice Mason, 
born June 27, 1928. died Dec. 10, 1929. Death followed a few hours' 
illness from meningitis. Funeral hy Oscar Early. Burial in Wakenda 
cemetery.— Jessie Mason, Norborne, Mo. 

Nichols, Mrs. Annie Elizabeth (Jennings), died Dec. 8, 1929, at 
Lewistown, Pa'., where she had made her home with Mr. and Mrs. 
Waller Fosnot since the death of her husband, Daniel W. Nichols, 
in 1922. Her age was 60 years, -9 months and 18 days. Her home 
had been near Brownsville, Md., until with her husband she went 
to Huntingdon, Pa., where he was for several years in charge of the 
college buildings and grounds. She was a member of the Church 
of the Brethren at Lewistown, as arc also her two sons who survive. 
She also leaves one sister. Her life was filled with many useful 
deeds and with a constant desire to do good to her neighbors and 
friends. She was buried beside her husband in Mount Rock ceme- 
tery, Lewistown. Services by M. Clyde Horst "assisted by I. Harvey 
Brumbaugh.— Homer F. Sanger, Oak Park, III. 

Price, Isabel, only daughter of John and Nancy McQuilken, born 
in Philadelphia, Pa., July 2S, 1852, died at Long Beach, Calif., Dec. 
9, 1929, The family moved to Ogle County, III., in her early child- 
hood, where she lived until her marriage to David R. Price in 
1873. They established their home in Pine Creek where they lived 
till her husband died in 1905. She then moved lo Mt. Morris and 
later to California. She had been a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for many years. She is survived by two sons and two 
daughters. Services by the writer assisted by Bro. Chas. Brindlc 
at the Pine Creek church. Interment in the cemetery near by.— F. E. 
McCunc, Mt. Morris, III. 

Royer, Bro. Isaac B., son of the late Joel and Elizabeth Brubachcr 
Royer, died at his home. Dec. 4, 1929, aged 78 years, 10 months and 1 
day. He was ailing for some time during which he was anointed. 
He was married to Sarah Brendlc. In 1888 both hecame members of 
the Church of the Brethren. He was a patriarchal pillar of the 
church and was the last of his father's family. Sister Royer pre- 
ceded him within one month of thirty years. Two daughters also 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930 

died. There remain three sons an 
by Eld. Michael Kurtz assisted by mc uwuc ■. 
pchocken house. Interment in the adjoining 
Roycr, Mycrstown, Pa. 

Walters, Allen S., son of Ephraim and Sai 

jjed , 1929. He was born near Mas* 

united with the Church of the Brethren, h 
wile Melinda, lour daughters and three sons. 
Ohio since December. 1900. Services by T. S 
Inman.-Grace Miller, Canton, Ohio. 

Warner, Sister Jacob, died Dec. S, 1929, at her hi 
of the West Manchester church. Ind., after four 

grandchildren. Services 

e ministers at the Tttl- 

ery.— Alice B. 

.Lucette Readeye was born 

h Langston Walters, 
town, Pa,, and here 
is survived by his 
He lived in Canton, 
Moherman and J. C. 

i the bounds 


to this 
days. Oct. 3, 1872, she 

. Oct. 24, 1846. 
y in 1852, the journey 
married Jacob Warner; 
md one daughter. The daughter pre- 
ceded her in 1896 and one son in 1927. When thirteen years old she 
was baptized and confirmed in the Lutheran church at Rose Hill, 
Ind., and united with the Church of the Brethren in 1880. Since that 
time she had continued to grow spiritually. Nov. 22 she received the 
blessing of the anointing. Surviving are her husband, (our sons, 
ten grandchildren and six great-grandchildren. Services hy Eld. J. H. 
Wright and the undersigned.— L. H. Eby. North Manchester, Ind. 

Woybrigbt, Mrs. Angeline, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Eli Niswongcr, 
Lorn near Arcanum. Ohio, died Dec. 4, 1929, aged 73 years, 7 months 
and 22 days. She married John E. Weybright in 1875. To them were 
born twelve children. In 1900 the family moved to Colorado and lo- 
cated near Rocky Ford which has been their home since. She ac- 
cepted Christ as her Savior over forty years ago and united with 
the Church of the Brethren. She was always faithful to the in- 
terests of the church. The husband and two children preceded her. 
Pernicious anstnia was the cause of her death. She was anointed 
during the summer. She is survived by ten children, thirty grand- 
children and one great-grandchild. Services at the Brethren church 
by the writer, assisted by Eld. Roy E. Miller.— Harvey R. Hosteller, 
Rocky Ford"", Colo. 

Ziegler, Daniel C, was born Nov. 2. 1863, and died Nov. 3, 1929, 
at the age of 66 years, 1 day. He was the son of Daniel P. Ziegler 
and Mary Conner Ziegler. He spent his boyhood days on the old 
homestead farm near Ml. /Etna, Berks Co., Pa. Oct. 29, 1887, he was 
united in marriage with Kate Elizabeth King of near Stouchshurg, 
Lebanan Co.. Pa. In January, 1889, they moved to the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland near Benton, Caroline Co., where he engaged in 
farming. To this union were born ten children. The mother died 
Aug. 10, 1910. The father then married Amanda Renningcr of Hat- 
field, Pa. In the fall of 1912 they moved to a farm near Hatfield 
where they remained until failing health compelled father to retire. 
Father was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren. While 
he was a quiet man and but a layman he was highly respected lor 
his strong convictions of right and his good Christian judgment. He 
loved the church and made many sacrifices for her sake. The 

memory of father's devot: 
children a godly heritage. 

■^II IIMIIIIMIItlPIIII»lltl»ll»l»ll>l»llil»lltl»llll»lltl»ll 1 |»IIIIWIIIimilll»l1ll»lll|»lll1M|ll|Mllt|MllllMllt|M|lt|m|1l|M|H1»mi»1Hf|ll|»|H|MmjWlH|»|llf|H|M[ll[Mlll|M|ll|M|tlfLH|»miMit ll»' 

mm w m 

Many Order Premiums 


Agents, Pastors, all are busy securing Messenger Subscriptions. Folks like the 
Messenger because it helps them in their Christian life. They choose our Premiums be- 
cause each Premium has a distinct place and value. Further, the price appeals to people. 
Many subscribe for two years, so as to secure both "Some Brethren Pathfinders" and 
the Premium Bible No. 1930X. Then, too, they get the Yearbook free. 

It's easy to secure Messenger subscriptions On these terms. The orders coming in 
daily prove this. Some are sending in their own subscriptions. Those who know the 
Messenger best are least willing to be without its weekly visits. WHERE THE MES- 
SENGER GOES THE CHURCH GROWS. Live pastors know this, hence urge the 
membership to take the Messenger. See your agent or use order blank below. 

church and the home 
He had the satisfaction of seeing all the 
i save one who never came to maturity, unite with the church, 
■es his wife, two sons, four daughters, ten grandchildren, six 
and three brothers. Services at the home by Eld. Wm. Fretz 
the Hatfield church by Eld. David Cassel. He was laid to 
the adjoining cemetery.— Levi K. Ziegler, Williamsburg, Pa. 


GENERAL MISSION BOARD.— Otho Winger, Chairman, North 
Manchester, Ind.; J. J. Yoder, Vice-Chairman, McPherson. Kans.; 
H. H. Nye, Elizabethtown, Pa.; Levi Garst, Salem, Va.; J. B. Em- 
mert, 2627 -1th St., La Verne, Calif.; J. K. Miller. 2240 Grand Ave., 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa.; L. C. Moomaw, R. 2, Box 209. Roanoke Va. 

General Secretary, Chas. D. Bonsack, Elgin, III.; Assistant Secretary, 
H. Spenser Minnich, Elgin. III.; Home Secretary, M. R. Ziglcr, Elgin, 
111.; Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp, Elgin. HI. 

Elizabethtown, Pa.; C. S. Ikcnberry, Vice-Chairman, Daleville. Va.; 
L. W. Shultz, North Manchester. Ind.; J. M. Henry. Bridgewater, 
Va.; Eva Trostle. Mt. Morris, 111.; Dan West. Pleasant Hill, Ohio; 
C. Ernest Davis, Mt. Morris, 111. 

General Secretary, Rufus D. Bowman, Elgin, III.; Director of Young 
People's Work, C. H. Shambergcr, Elgin, 111.; Director of Children's 
Work, Ruth Shrivcr, Elgin, III.; Editor, E. G. HofT. Elgin, 111.; As- 
sistant Editor, Maud Newcomer, Elgin, 111. 

GENERAL EDUCATION BOARD.— D. W. Kurtz, Chairman. 1605 
E. Third St., Long Beach, Calif.; Paul H. Bowman. Vice President, 
Bridgewater, Va.; J. S. Noffsinger, Secretary-Treasurer, 3635 Ordway 
St.. N. W., Washington, D. C; Homer F. Sanger, Secretary of Nursing 
and Medical Education, S21 S. Ridgeland Ave., Oak Park. 111.; A. C. 
Wieand, Bethany Bihle School; E. C. Bixler, Blue Ridge College; Paul 
H. Bowman, Bridgewatcr-Daleville System; H. H, Nye, Elizabe'thtown 
College; M. G. Brumbaugh. Juniata College; E. M. Studebaker, La Verne 
College; Otho Winger, Manchester College; V. F. Schwalm. McPherson 
College; C. Ernest Davis, Mt. Morris College. 

GENERAL MINISTERIAL BOARD.— S. J. Miller. Chairman, 2017 
5th St., La Verne, Calif.; Paul H. Bowman, Vice-Chairman, Bridge- 
water, Va.; J. A. Robinson. Secretary, Bedford St. and Miller Ave., 
Johnstown, Pa.; M. J. Brougher, Assistant Secretary, 554 Stanton St., 
Grcensburg, Pa.; W. H. Yoder, Treasurer, Morrill, Kans. 

Cloverdale. Va.; R. W. Schlosser, Elizabethtown. Pa.; Grover L. 
Wine, Bridgewater, Va.; James M. Moore, Moderator of Annual Con- 
ference, Waynesboro, Pa.; J. E. Miller, Secretary of Annual Conference, 
Elgin. 111. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE.-Board of Directors: Otho 
Winger, Chairman. North Manchester, Ind.; J. J. Yoder. Vice-Chair- 
man. McPherson, Kans.; H. H. Nye, Elizabethtown, Pa.; Levi Garst, 
Salem, Va.; J. B. Emmert. 2627 4th St., La Verne, Calif.; J. K. Miller, 
2340 Grand Ave., Cedar Rapids, Iowa; L. C. Moomaw, R. 2. Box 209, 
Roanoke, Va. 

Manager and Treasurer, R. E. Arnold, Elgin, 111.; Secretary, L. T. 
Miller, Elgin, III. 

COUNCIL OF BOARDS.-Chairman, J. J. Yoder. McPherson, Kans.; 
Vice Chairman, Paul H. Bowman. Bridgewater. Va.; Recording Secre- 
cy. J. S. NofTsinger, 3605 Ordway St., N. W. Washington, D. C; 
Executive Secretary, J. W. Lear, Elgin, 111.; Treasurer, Clyde M. 
Culp. Elgin, 111. 

COUNCIL OF WOMEN'S WORK.-President and Secretary of Aid 
Society Work, Mrs. R. D. Murphy, 2260 N. Park Ave., Philadelphia. 
«.j Associate President and Srcr.-tary of Mothers and Daughters' 
Work,. Mrs. J. Z. Gilbert, 3300 Griffin Ave.. Los Angeles, Calif.; Sec- 
retary-Treasurer and Secretary of Missionary Activities, Nora M. 
Knodes. Dallas Center, Iowa; Secretary of Bible Study, Mrs. Laura 
Gwin Swadley, R. 4, Johnson City. Tenn.; Secretary of Children's 
Division, Ruth Shriver, Elgin, III. 

Sisters' Aid Society.— Mrs. Ross D. Murphy, President, 2260 N. Park 
Ave Philadelphia, Pa.; Mrs. M. J. Weaver. Vice-President, 715 High- 
and Ave.. Johnstown, Pa.; Mrs. P. A. Shearer, Secretary-Treasurer. 
WS W. Main St., Decatur. 111. 

Mothers and Daughters* Association.— Mrs. J. Z. Gilbert, Superin- 
tendent, 3300 Griffin Ave., Los Angles. Calif.; Mrs. R. N. Leather- 
man, Treasurer, R. 2, Grand Junction, Colo.; Miss Lucille Rudy. Sec- 
retary 719 Lynn St., Sidney, Ohio; Mrs. Leland C. Moomaw. R. 2. 
Roanoke. Va. 

dent. South Bend. Ind.; R. W. Miller. First Vice-President and 
Ircasurer, River Forest. HI.; Dr. O. G. Brubaker. Second Vice- 
Pres.dent. North Manchester, Ind.; Levi Minnich, Third Vicc-Presi- 
on nt h. Gr " n i' l,,e - 0h '°: W. j. Werkman. Executive Secretary, Chica- 
go. HI.; C. M. Culp. Recording Secretary, Elgin. III.; Herbert Mohler, 
Moweaqua, III.; G. A. Cassel. Ashland, Ohio; H. J. Harnly, McPher- 
son, Kans.^ L. C. Moomaw, Roanoke, Va.; J. H. Miller. Baltimore, 
Anglle?' Caiif ' ^"^ Bc3Ch ' CaH '"' M " Davcn P ort - L™ 

AUDITING COMMITTEE.-E. M. Butterbaugh. 525 East Indiana 
Ave.. South Bend, Ind.; J. J. Oiler, Waynesboro, Pa. 
^ANNUAL MEETING TREASURER.-E. J. Stanffer, Mulberry Grove, 




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Acquainting You With a Few of the Many Books 

which are listed in the B. P. H. 100-Page Illustrated Catalogue 

Thl, Interesting, money-saving booklet describing our numerous 
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Suggestions to HELP YOU provide proper reading FOR ALL in your home: 
For Little Children For Young People 



Book One S J» 

Book Two JO 

Book Three M 

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Readers Book Five lM 

Twilight Talks with the Children M 

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Bible Picturel and What They Teach Us LCt 

For Juniors 

Polly ol the Hospital Staff, Dowd .75 

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Buff: A Collie, Terhune JS 

Paul, The Herald of the Cross J5 

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For Intermediates 

The Brown Study, Richmond 75 

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Paul, the Dauntless ISO 

Abraham Lincoln. Boy and Man, Morgan 75 

David's Children, Bates 1.25 

The Christian Way of Lite, Ellis AS 

Happy Hours in the Big Outdoors, Miller US 

Emily Climbs, Montgomery .75 

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Heart Throbs 

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Husband. Wife and Home, Goss 

The Man Nobody Knows 

When Home Is Heaven, Chapman 

The World's Great Religious Poetry 

Fanny Crosby's Story oi M Years 

For the Sunday-school 

Program lor Sunday-school Management. Brew 


Present Day Sunday-schools. Burroughs 

Four-Minute Talks for Superintendents, Webb .. 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1930, 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued From Page 13) 

ne»« Vie, church me. h, annuai .erviee, o„ «>'|;j"'™; 

in e . The offcri... tor wotld-wMe m.»»o..s ; — » » »"« i ''J ™ 

STSp-I. "e Hope o. .he JV.*™ .--to « ^ '^ £* 
D We have finished our church basement wuicn is now wiv ■ j 
£■*£ Dec. 22 the adult* and Y. P. D. cornb.ned gave he ca n> a. 
The Coming of Christ. Oar quarterly council m> held. °^ ^ ^= 
financial budget was accepted (or th< : year The (o tfficeri 
were elected: Sunday-school superintendent^ Chas. ^ ^ 
„.„, T W Driver; corresponding secretary, Doroth> Unvcr. 
-udy classes held each Sunday evening are 
, the City of God. led by I. 


The following mission 

well attended: adults, studying Road: 

sages ' 

dedicated the Latimore house. The sermon was preached by Bi 
Jesse Wliitacrc of Mechanicsburg; he also preached a sermon 

Blind Spots, Hattie Joseph; intermediates, 
Cool.— Dorothy Driver. Beaverdam, 

Ohio, Dec ^- 

<:— it r™«* church met in council and the following officers were 
eS Serf } H Rhoads; correspondent, Senith Setty; Messen- 
ft il,. Carman. An interesting Christmas program was 

fended by our Sunday-school on Dec. 21 Two more ****%* 
on the evening of Dec 17, showing that the effect oi our two weens 
revival conducted bv our new pastor, Walter Swinger, and wile, .S 
st ;il f c lt.-Senith Setty, Peebles, Ohio. Dec. 23. 

Stony Creek church met in council Dec. 14. Election of officers re- 
sulted in Bro. Smith being chosen elder for another year and the 
writer. " Messenger - agent and correspondent- Bro. L. Walter 
Warstler and moved here Dec. 2 to take up the work as pas- 
tor We are having good attendance at both morning and evening 
services. On Sunday morning. Dec. 22, installation services, were 
conducted bv the pastor for the newly elected church officers and 
for the Sunday-school officers elected in September. In the eve- 
ning Christmas services were held. About thirty young people 
and a mixed chorus furnished special music, the pastor preached a 
Christmas sermm, and a missionary offering was lifted.-Mrs. Esther 
F. Huber. DeCraff, Ohio. Dec. 23. 


Heidelberg. -Oct. 13, Prof. J. I. Baugher of Elizabethtown delivered 
a very interesting missionary sermon, and an offering was lifted lor 
missions. A number of visiting ministers were present at our love 
feast on Oct. 26. Eld. Elias Edris officiated. Our elder preached 
the examination sermon one week prior to the feast. In the morning 
of Nov. 17 Bro. Elias Frantz brought the message. Bro. Irvra 
Heisey of Fredericksburg preached for us Nov. 24 in the morning; 
Bro Iram Lent* of Richland filled the pulpit in the evening. Our 
church met Dec. 2 in council. Dec. S a two weeks' revival was begun 
under the leadership oi Bro. Hiram Eshclman of Mt. Joy. His mes- 
reatly appreciated and proved very helpful. The attend- 
; excellent throughout and as a result nine ac- 
cepted Christ. During the meetings we were favored with special 
music by the Conewago and West Green Tree choruses. Our Sun- 
day-school together with those of Richland and Myerstown will sup- 
port a missionary, each giving one-third.— Kathryn Brubakcr, Schaef- 
ferstown, Pa.. Dec. 23. 

Indian Creek congregation met in council Dec. 7. The secretary and 
treasurer of the Sunday-school presented a very creditable report 
which showed that the school contributed more money to missions 
the past year than any year in its history. The report also showed 
a very good attendance throughout the year, the average running 
high. "Fifteen members attended every Sunday of the year, twenty- 
two members missed one session and twelve missed two sessions. 
The solicitors also gave a report of their semiannual everymember 
canvass for missionary money which netted a total of $219. Our love 
feast on Oct. 26 proved a read spiritual feast and was well attended. 
Eld. M. A. Jacobs of York officiated. Nov. 17 a farewell service was 
held in honor of Sister Sara Shisler who sailed the following Saturday 
for her second term of service on the Africa mission field. A number 
of our folks motored to New York City on Nov. 23 to see her off.— 
Mathias P. Landis, Yernficld, Pa.. Dec. 17. 

Pittsburgh.— Revival continues here without any special meetings. 
Another bas been received by baptism in our main church, while the 
Birdville mission brought in four who also were baptized here in 
Pittsburgh. These came as a result of a meeting conducted by Bro. 
C D. Brendlinger at Birdville. The Aid Society has been reorganized 
with the same officers as last year. Sister G. B. Royer is president. 
During the nine months ending Sept. 30, $94.45 was earned by making 
quilts, for which we received $45.29, and by selling various articles and 
receiving free will offerings. This money was given toward home 
and foreign missions and the parsonage debt. We gave $10 for the 
mission deficit as a Christmas offering from the Aid. Nov. 26 a 
Thanksgiving fobd sale and benefit social was held at the parsonage. 
All enjoyed the event and S112 was received toward the parsonage 
debt. The missionary program, The Awakening of Bro. Tightwad, 
was rendered by the B. Y. P. D. Dec. 13. The church was filled and 
the offering went to the missionary pledge of the B. Y. P. D. The 
young people deserve credit for the support they give their activities, 
since many come quite a distance to the church. The study of Rev- 
elation continues each Wednesday evening and with the help of our 
pastor, Bro. G. B. Royer, we find it unfolding the great plan of God 
in a way which causes the student to marvel.— M. Elizabeth Barnett, 
Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Pleasant Hill.— Our revival which began Nov. 17 at Beaver Creek 
house was well attended. The pulpit was filled each night for two 
weeks by a different minister from adjoining congregations. Nine- 
teen accepted Christ as their Savior; eighteen have been baptized 
and one awaits the rite. Dec. 7 at our council we decided to donate 
eatables to the Old Folks and Children's Home at Carlisle.— Paul K. 
Newcomer, Spring Grove, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Quakertown.— We had preaching services both morning and evening 
on Thanksgiving Day. Offerings lifted amounted to $J3.71 for missions. 
Nov. 30 we had with us a mission band from Juniata College in an 
interesting service; afterward an offering of $41.29 was lifted. Our 
total offerings for foreign missions during the month of November 
amounted to $36. The first Sunday of December the offering of $13.16 
also went to ioreign missions.— Mrs. Raymond W. Blcam, Coopcrsburg, 
Pa., Dec. 17. 

Richland.— Oct. 6 Eld. H. F. King gave us a helpful message on 
the doctrine of the resurrection. Our love feast was held Nov. 2 and 
3; it was inspirational and largely attended. Ministers present were 
Hiram Kaylor. I. D. Gibble. H. F. King, B. W. S. Ebersole who 
officiated, E. M. Frantz and P. S. Heisey. Nov 17 a program on 
peace was given in our church, representing the membership of nine 
churches. Dee. 1 we enjoyed a missionary meeting. We learned of 
the characteristics of the children of the slums of New York City as 
told by Bro. Caleb Bucher who helped last summer at the Christian 
Herald camp, Mont Lawn, N. Y. These experiences were listened to 
with much interest and gave us a new vision of this phase of mis- 
sionary work. Thanksgiving morning services were conducted by the 
home ministers. The offering taken will go toward the' missionary 
deficit of the Brotherhood. July 14 last, at a joint missionary and 
Sunday-school meeting of the Heidelberg, Myerstown and Richland 
congregations, the following topic was favorably discussed: In what 
way can it be made possible (or the three Sunday-schools to support 
a missionary? The final decision was that this will be done, assuming 
the support in three equal shares. Our Sunday-school decided to 
maintain a library, to be placed in the rear of the church. Since our 
last report two members have been received by certificate; one 
certificate was granted. Dec. 29 Eld. Michael Kurtz will begin evan- 
gelistic services in the White Oak congregation at the* Manheim 
house.— Iram J. Lentz, Richland, Pa.. Dec. 17. 

Upper Conew« f o congregation met in council Dec. 14. Church offi- 
cers were elected: trustee, Bro. E. S. Brown; correspondent, the writ- 
er. Our Thanksgiving services were held at the East Berlin house 
with our home ministers giving us the messages. Dec. 8 we re- 


i the subject, Lest We Forget. The ceiling of the church 
was plastered and the side walls were painted. An offering of $34.27 
was lifted.-Paul L, Wagner, York Springs, Pa., Dec. 21. 

W*ynesboro.-Thc fourth quarterly business meeting of the church 
for the year was held Dec. 19. Our pastor, Bro. J. M. Moore, reported 
that during the year he had made 865 calls, preached 25 funerals and 
assisted at 7 others, baptized 10 persons, anointed 8 and delivered 112 
sermons and addresses. Sister Emma Miller, our church visitor, re- 
ported having made 247 calls during the quarter. Eld. J. M. Moore 
was elected presiding elder for the year. Since Bro. Moore's term as 
pastor will expire in September, 1930, we unanimously voted to ask 
him to serve another term of three years. The Ladies' Aid gave a 
good report; they have recently rccarpeted the auditorium and Sun- 
day-school assembly room. This was a big task and they arc heartily 
commended for it. Two excellent programs were given by our Sun- 
day school: this morning the children's division gave a pageant, The 
Twelve Gifts. This evening the young people's division gave the 
pageant, The Shepherd Boy's Vision. The message of the latter 
conveyed the thought that world peace will come through Christ. 
Since our last report one has been added to the church by baptism 
nod three by letter.— Sudie M. Wingert, Waynesboro, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Pampa.— The women of the congregation organized an Aid Society 
on Dec. S with Sister Geo. E. Hallett, president. Dec. 11 they met to 
ou-line their work. It was decided to wait until after the first of 
the year to have their regular meetings. As this congregation is 
new and has to secure all of the necessities to hold a love feast, their 
first work will he to arrange for these. It has been about thr " 
years since the last feast was held 
There will be some diffic "' 

of the Panhandle. 
,t of 

mgregation. — 

holding Aid meetings t 
the members being so far away, some living thirty 
Thi: church is located almost in the center "of the c 
Mrs. Geo. E. Hallett, Pampa. Texas, Dec. 19. 

Pampa church had three splendid services Dec. 22. The Sunday- 
school lesson was inspiring and seemed to prepare the hearts of the 
congregation for the Christmas sermon. In the evening the Sunday- 
school rendered a short program telling of the birth of Christ and 
the coming of the wise men. .Afterward the members drove across 
the town to the Church of Christ where the rite of baptism was ad- 
ministered by Bro. Hallett. the pastor. The applicant is a grand- 
daughter of Bro. Grey, one of the old members in this congregation. 
—Mrs. W. M. Hubbard, Miami. Texas. Dec. 23. 


Antioch church met in council Nov. 30. Most of the church officers 
of the past year were reappointed. The writer was elected corre- 
spondent. A committee was appointed to make a ministerial program 
for the coming year. A contribution of S5 was given to a poor 
member. A committee was appointed for the purpose of nominating 
and electing by ballot the most important officers. The Ladies' Aid 
had as their missionary project the making of a quilt. The name of 
practically every member in our congregation and many others were 
embroidered at the cost of ten cents for children and fifteen cents 
for adults, which amounted to $34.60. Then the quilt was sold to 
the highest bidder and brought $43. making a total of $77.60. Our 
B. Y. P. D. is working on The Story Beautiful as their Christmas 
pageant.— Mrs. W. W. Naff. Boone Mill, Va., Dec. 14. 

Clover dale congregation met Dec. 11 at Cloverdalc for council meet- 
ing and effected the following organization for the year: Elder, J. A. 
Dove; associate elder, E. C. Crumpacker; clerk, C. W. Kinzie; church 
correspondent, Mary C. Garber. Committees on finance, welfare and 
missions were appointed. The missionary committee was given new 
duties for 1930, that of having full charge of the making and execut- 
ing of missionary programs, and being responsible for getting a mis- 
sionary into our congregation. — Mary C. Garber. Roanoke, Va., Dec. 19. 

Elk Run.— On Thanksgiving Day we had service at 11 o'clock and 
in connection with this occasion took an offering of $26.14 for the 
Home Department of the General Mission Board. We 'expect^tP take 
another offering (or the same purpose in connection with our Christ- 
mas service. We met In council on Dec. 7, with Eld. W. H. Zigler in 
charge. Plans are being made -to install Sunday-school rooms in our 
church during this winter. We have heen using curtains to separate 
the classes for a number of years. Officers for the year were ap- 
pointed by a nominating committee and approved by the church, as 
follows: D. H. Smith, secretary, with E. L. Huffman as his assistant; 
Orlando S. Miller, "Messenger" correspondent; the Sisters' Aid 
Society is continued in charge of the "Messenger" agency. , The 
Sunday-school appointed a committee to arrange for a Christmas 
program. The Sisters' Aid has been reorganized for the coming year 
and is doing some very creditable work in a quiet way. — Mary Zigler, 
Harrisonburg, Va., Dec, 9. 


Outlook church met in council Dec. 10 and elected church officers 
for the year. Our love feast in November was well attended by 
our own members and those from Sunny side. We feel that our 
scries of meetings held the first two weeks of November was a 
spiritual uplift to all that attended. Bro. .A. R. Fike of Nezpcrce was 
the evangelist and preached some very inspiring sermons. Our 
Sunday-school is progressing nicely and we feel it is doing a good work. 
Brother and Sister Sutphin, our new pastors, were given 3 welcome 
on their eighteenth wedding anniversary. A basket dinner was served 
at the church. /The Aid Society held its annual bazaar Dec. 11. We 
plan on using some of our funds- to repair the basement of our 
church.— Mrs. E. A. Bacon. Outlook, Wash., Dec. 18. 

Sunnyaide congregation met in council Dec. 3. Church officers 
were chosen for the year: Bro. Strieker, elder; Bro. H. G. Reeves, 
president of Christian Workers; the writer, correspondent and "Mes- 
senger" agent. On the evening before Thanksgiving we met for 
our annual missionary program and the children brought their 
missionary hoxes. The total offering amounted to about $150. Our 
Aid held a sale, the proceeds amounting to $32 with which we are 
buying paint for the floor.— Mrs. John T. Reeves, Sunnyside, Wash., 
Dec. 19. 


Capon Chapel congi 
Anthony of Baltimor 
Sept. 2, continuing ui 
congregation. There 
result five were reel 

■at ion met in council Aug. 31. Bro. F. D. 

Md., began a meeting at Mission Chapel 

until Sept. 12. This was a spiritual uplift to our 

: was fine interest and good attendance. As a 

xeived into the church by baptism. We held 

vice Sept. 7 with Bro. Anthony officiating, as- 

L. Shanholtz. Fifty-five surrounded the Lord's 

Road Ridge on Sept. 14 was a wonderful 

dated and twenty- five brethren and sis- 

\. S. Arnold began a revival meeting at 

36 NOV. 


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Character Builders' Club 

By Josephine Hanna 

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and practical. Edward Frantz says, " I find much to in- 
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Timely Reminders 

Scripture Text Calendar 

Live agents make money selling our Scripture 
Text Calendar. Every home needs one. 

Single copies 50.30 25 copies, 1 S.7S 

4 copies 1.00 50 copies'' >.W 

12 copies 3.00 Prices slightly higher in Canada 

Ask for colored circular and terms to agents. 

sisted hy Eld. J. 
table. The love fc; 
inspiration. Our elder o 
ters were present. Bro. 

Bright's Hollow schoolhouse Nov. 4 continuing until the 12th. 
feel that the church was spiritually built up through the Spirit- 
filled sermons preached. Eld. J. L. Shanholtz began a meeting Nov. 
17 at Mountain Dale, a new point recently taken up by him, 
closing Nov. 25. This was a wonderful meeting, one of the best 
held in the congregation for years. Eight were received into the 
church by baptism, ranging in age from nine to seventy-three. Our 
congregation has been greatly built up during the past summer 
and fall. Seven revivals have been held in the congregation: three 
by our elder, two by Bro. A. S. Arnold, one each by Bro. Anthony 
and Bro. Alva Harsh As- a result of Bro. Harsh's nx-et-nir nine were 
baptized, in all twenty-two baptisms.— Delcie L. Shanholtz, Levels, 
W. V., Dec. 19. 

White, Pine.— Bro. B. M. Rollins, pastor of the Keyser church, be- 
gan a series of meetings Sept. 23 and continued for two weeks. We 
had a fine meeting. There were forty-seven conversions, thirty. eight 
baptized, seven reclaimed and two await the rite. At our love 

C. W. Topic Booklets 

You must use your Bible in the preparation and discus- 
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least Dec. 1 quite a lot of young people were present. We have a good 
Sunday-school; the B. Y. P. D. also is progressing nicely. The 
White Pine Sunday-school will render a missionary program at the 
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Rinker, Purgittsville, W. Va„ Dec. 19. 

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The Gospel Messenger 

■•Thin i, ■'.!"■! o( the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world."-Matt. 24: 14. 

" THY KINGDOM COME "—Matt. 6: ie ; Luk. n. 2 

the fulness of Christ.' 

. . . the stature ol 
-Eph. A: 13. 

Vol. 79 

Elgin, 111., January 11, 1930 

No. 2 

In This Number 


Elders and Editorial^Emphasis 17 

Lighting Up Blind Spots i-17 

Learning How Much We Need Him, 17 

Not Half Enough 17 

Among the Churches, .. ■ 24 

Around the World 25 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.), 25 

General Forum— 

This Mystery (Poem). By Mildred Allen Jcftery 18 

Worship in the Worship Prog ram. -Part 1. By Rufus D. 


God— The Seeker of the Lost.— Part 2. By E. H. Eby 19 

The Office of Bishop in the Apostolic Age— Part S. By W. H. 

Meyers 1° 

The Church and Lahor. By W. F. Gillett 19 

The Christian's Relation to the World. By Joseph D. Reish, ...20 

A Challenge, 20 

Stewardship. By D. C. Moomaw 20 

"Excess Baggage." By Lcander Smith 21 

To the Women of Our Church. By Mrs. Win. H. B. Schnell. .21 
The Beginning and the Ending of the Years. By Blanche B. 

Miller 21 

Our Privilege. By Estellc B. Rittenhousc 21 

The Kingdom of God Is Within You. By D. E. Cripe, 26 

Reading the Bible. By Dorothy Oxley 26 

A Lesson From Darius. By Rebecca Fuuti 26 

The Loneliness of Jesus' Death. By M. W. Emmert 27 

The Supreme Factor. By S. Z. Sharp, 27 

God's Promises Are Sure. By Wealthy A. Burkholder, 28 

Pastor and People — 

Slaying Our Giants. By E. M. Hertzler 22 

The Gist of the Sermon. By D. W. Kurtz 22 

Her Secret. By Chester E. Shuler, 22 

A Larger Parish in Maryland. By R. K. Showalter, 22 

Home and Family — 

Dear Old Dad (Poem). By Arlo Gump 23 

New Lives for Old. By H. A. Brandt 23 

The Foundation That Is Laid. By Ida M. Helm 23 

Persecution and Joy. By Julia Graydon 23 


Elders and Editorial Emphasis 

A few years ago the editorial department of this 
paper discussed at some length the distinctive practices 
of the Church of the Brethren, particularly with' ref- 
erence to the ordinances, or rites as we prefer to call 
them. Several months were given to this line of 
thought. But the treatment was not exactly what Elder 
A would call a " defense " of our method of observing 
these rites. There was something of that note in it, 
more by implication than by direct argument, but from 
that point of view the discussion was not very clear- 
cut. The trend was toward a different goal and the 
whole emphasis was determined by that fact. 

We undertook at that time in summing up the dis- 
cussion to state what should be the " final guiding prin- 
ciple in the handling of our distinctive doctrines," and 
the exact words in which the principle was stated were 
these: "The goal of all doctrinal expression, whether 
in articles of belief, in the observance of sacraments, or 
in moral and ethical standards, is life controlled by the 
indwelling^ Spirit of Christ, and this cardinal fact 
should be'kcpt in the foreground of all doctrinal dis- 
cussion and practice" (Gospel Messenger, March 24, 

Two years later much of the same ground was gone 
over again, some parts of it with more fulness than be- 
fore. Several editorials (March, 1925) were devoted 
to the subject of baptism, including trine immersion, 
and if Brother A was not able to discover anything in 
the discussion on the " design of baptism " we are in- 
deed sorry for that was exactly what it was all about. 
We were not content, however, simply to say that this 
design " is " the remission of sins," as if the external 
rite were the essence of the prerequisite to forgiveness. 
We sought to show that the real design of the rite is to 
impress the mind of the candidate with his^absolute 
need of cleansing and thus to bring him into that atti- 
tude of contrition and loving trust which alone makes 
reconciliation with God possible. We had much to say 
about what it means tC baptize into the " name " of the 
Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and how that meaning is 
intensified by the triple action, a separate immersion for 
each of the three names of the Trinity. The whole 
effort was directed toward the end suggested above, 

namely, stressing the supreme importance of cherish- 
ing in the heart and practicing in the life the truth 
symbolized in the rite. 

This has been our method in doctrinal discussion 
generally.. It is the expression of a very deep con- 
viction as to the real need of the church. We have 
great respect for the feeling of those who would prefer 
a different emphasis. This we can say in all sincerity 
for we grew up with that same feeling and shared it 
for some years. Yet we can not now do other than 
speak out of the abundance of the heart, nor can there 
be any doubt that this position represents the increas- 
ing conviction of the church. To voice it in as " clear- 
cut " terms as we are able to command, with malice 
toward none and with chanty for all, shall be our con- 
stant aim during the year we have just begun, or dur- 
ing whatever days or years it may please God to have 
patience with our speaking. Or, it should be added, 
until some new and brighter light " shall break forth 
from God's word." 

And that reminds us. We have in hand an article 
awaiting an early appearance in this paper, in which the 
author uses about eleven hundred words to prove what 
no reader of the Messenger will question, that is, that 
God's word is unchangeable. He takes for a text : 
" My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that 
is gone out of my lips " (Psa. 89 : 34), and dwells upon 
" the absolute unchangeableness of the New Testament 
plan of salvation.*' All of which needs no defense, but 
it does need some regard for the difference between 
form -and substance, between letter and spirit. Such a 
distinction is unknown to the author of this article. To 
him these terms are synonymous. The letter is the 
spirit. Form and substance are identical. 

One must wonder whether these good brethren who 
write like that never read the book of Jonah. Or 
whether, if they did, they noticed what it was about. 
Did they not see there that God, to"" the great dis- 
appointment of the literalistic prophet, in order to be 
true to the spirit of his prediction, did exactly contrary 
to the letter of it? Did they never read Jeremiah eight- 
een and learn there that this is the way God always 
does when the conditions make it necessary? He is al- 
ways true to the spirit of his promise, and that often 
requires him to change the form of it. 

As for the unchangeableness of the New Testament 
plan of salvation, do these good brethren not know that 
within the lifetime of the very men whom God used 
in the making of the New Testament, the practices and 
institutions of the Christians did change very noticea- 
bly? Certainly the " plan " of salvation did not change, 
but facts as plain as these ought to teach us what the 
" plan " is not. 

Did Jesus alter the thing that had gone out of his 
lips after saying a half dozen times over in the most 
emphatic manner possible that no one could have life 
without eating his flesh? Did he, when he then said 
that the flesh profits nothing, that it is the spirit that 
gives life? No, he did not alter the heart of it, the 
substance, but he did alter greatly the letter, the form. 
Is it wise to go right on ignoring anything so plain and 
so vital as this, and to continue to speak and write as if 
form and substance were one and the same thing? 

As long as this can happen we shall feel bound to 
conclude that Elder B was right in his judgment that 
the editorial emphasis in the Messenger is not far 
from the spot where it is needed. 

Lighting Up Blind Spots 

" Unseeing eyes are swift betrayers of an unsympa- 
thetic, self-centered heart." 

Is that the reason then, perhaps, that we can look 

upon green grass or rugged rocks or towering moun- 
tains or thundering waterfalls without being deeply 
moved? We haven't practiced seeing things outside 

Or is that why we so easily conclude that certain 
groups or individuals are of no account? Not worth 
our attention? We have no sympathy. We live for 
ourselves and think of ourselves and do not know how 
lovely other folks can be, even some who do not seem 
so until we have looked into them more deeply. 

Special training is required to see some beauty, some 
worth, to be sure, but the training that would illumine 
many blind spots for many of_us is daily drill in loving 
somebody, some one in special need of some kindly 
service of a very humble sort, perhaps. 

That kind of practice not only helps us to see people. 
It helps us to see God. 

Learning How Much We Need Him 

John R. Mott says that in this business of kingdom 
extension it is easier to get great things accomplished 
than small things. That is probably his way of en- 
couraging us to do what another great missionary 
champion of long ago urged his people to do: "At- 
tempt great things for God ; expect great things from 

Consider his reasons: (1) It take* a great program 
to stir the imagination sufficiently. (2) It takes great 
things to awaken and release our latent powers. (3) It 
takes great things to arrest the attention of men of af- 
fairs. (4) It takes overwhelming situations to deepen 
acquaintance with the living God. 

Probably none of these points is more worthy of our 
serious thought than the last. When we face a situa- 
tion that is plainly beyond our resources, our wisdom 
and strength, we are in a good position to learn anew 
that man's extremity is God's opportunity. We are 
ready to receive help. And that is the sort of spirit in 
which God can find room to work. And it is undoubt- 
edly a large part of his work in such a case to call up 
into consciousness and into expression the latent forces 
of the soul which we did not know were there. 

So God works in us to will and to do his own good 
pleasure. It seems to require the overwhelming situa- 
tion, as Mott calls it, to show us that our sufficiency is 
in him. 

Not Half Enough 

The late Studdert-Kennedy said, not in these ex- 
act words but in substance, that the world, and he 
meant to include the Christian world, is uncomfortable 
about Christ. It knows enough about him, is suffi- 
ciently under the influence of his Spirit that it can 
not go on doing wrong contentedly. It can not ignore 
the demands of justice. It can not altogether disre- 
gard the claims of love. But it does not believe in 
Jesus enough to give his methods a thorough trial. 

Now that is both true and tragic. Christianity has 
not had a fair chance to vindicate itself before the 
world, partly because it has been too much occupied 
with false or unimportant issues, but mostly because 
we who profess it are unwilling to trust it, unwilling 
to practice it without reserve. That is why we had a 
great war a little while ago. That is why good causes 
are hindered by financial deficits. That is why world- 
liness chokes out spirituality. That is why everything 
is wrong that is wrong. 

In short we are falling short on the two great com- 
mandments. We love God with a part of the heart 
only, and our neighbors much less than ourselves. 
" Lovest thou me more than these?" O no. We love 
Christ a little, but not half enough. 



This Mystery 

How to solve this mystery: 
Three in one ... one in thn 
Body, soul and spirit. It- 
Two to live, and one to die. 
One to die, and yet to be 
Clothed in immortality! 
God alone can only know 
How he came to make me so; 
Why it was he chose to mesh 
Soul and spirit in the flesh. - 
Why so closely I should be 
Patterned after trinity. 
■, Wash. 

Worship in the Worship Program 

Part 1. The Meaning of Worship 

The great need of our churches is an understanding 
of the art of worship. We have increased our activi- 
ties without enriching our spiritual life. We have 
lengthened our ropes without strengthening our stakes. 
The time is here for us to place more emphasis upon 
the cultivation of the spiritual life. With this goal in 
mind I shall endeavor to discuss the elements of wor- 
/. What Is Worship f 

Worship is communion with God. It is a personal 
approach to God. It is the fellowship of a child with a 
loving Father. It is a state of intimate relationship 
where the soul of man touches the soul of God. It is 
the tuning of our spiritual acoustics so that we can hear 
the voice of God when he speaks to us out of the high- 
est and best. It is the communication to him of our 
attitudes and desires and the adjustment of these in the 
light of higher revelations. 

It is true that we worship God in the singing of 
hymns, the reading of scripture, and the preaching of 
the prophetic word. But the heart of worship is prayer. 
The central portion of the worship service should be 
the pastoral prayer. All that comes before this prayer 
should aim to prepare both minister and congregation 
for this sacred period of intercession. All that comes 
after the prayer is by way of realizing the central 
theme and experience of the prayer. Before the minis- 
ter attempts to lead his people to the throne of God he 
must spend much time at the Power House. Unless 
our services make our people more conscious of God, 
more prayerful, and more Christlike in character, we 
miss the goal of our worship. 

//. The Essence of Prayer Is Fellowship With God. 
• I would not discount petition. It is right to ask God 
for those things which help us to meet our highest 
needs and enable us to render the most effective service 
to others. But prayer is not always asking for things. 
The true Christian will go to the Father many times 
when he has nothing for which to ask. It is a matter of 
fellowship and a craving on our part for the imparta- 
tion of his divine nature. Our truest prayer should be 
like the prayer of St. Augustine in the fourth century : 
" Give me of thine own self." One of my professors 
told this story: A little girl called her father over the 
telephone. The father said : " Hello, what do you 
want ?" The little girl answered : "Oh, nothing, father. 
I just wanted to be with you." When Christians learn 
how to go to God for the purpose of establishing and 
maintaining intimate fellowship with him Christianity 
will experience depths of fruitful mysticism which the 
critics of today claim impossible. God can do great 
things for the soul who lives and walks in his hallowed 

///. Our Conception of Prayer Will Be Determined 
by Our Conception of God. 

In order to develop a prayer consciousness, we must 
believe in the God of Jesus. Jesus revealed a Christ- 
like God who is doing a Christlike work in the world 

for the redemption of men. " He that hath seen me 
hath seen the Father." If you want to know God, 
study Jesus. In the Master we find the qualities of the 
Father. Since God is Christlike we know that he loves 
and cares for his own. 

This introduces us to the concepkof fatherhood. 
Our greatest understanding of God comes through the 
term Father. No other thought makes God so near or 
dear to us. An earthly father loves his children and 
provides for their welfare. He is interested in every- 
thing which vitally concerns them. The children come 
to him with all their desires. This is a picture of the 
father heart. He loves his children and abundantly 
provides for their welfare. Sometimes we feel that we 
should not burden the Father with all our problems. 
Yet he bids us come to him like little children come to 
an earthly father, and he is interested in everything 
which concerns our well-being. 

We not only pray to a loving Father who holds us 
upon his heart, but we commune with a God who is 
near. " God is a Spirit and they who worship him must 
worship him in spirit." Yes, " God is a Spirit." " God 
is the personal Spirit, perfectly good, who in holy love 
creates, sustains, and orders all.'" He is a Personality 
who thinks and feels and wills. Man was created in his 
spiritual image. Man is a personality who thinks and 
feels and wills. Prayer is fellowship of the spirit of 
man with the Spirit of God. And God is near. He is 
nearer to you than the friend by your side. He is 
nearer than the breezes that cool your brow. He is 
with you and will dwell in you if your heart is recep- 
tive to his truth. Thus dwelling in you he will control 
your thinking, your feeling and your willing. 
IV. God Is a Free Spirit. 

He creates, sustains and orders all and is ever work- 
ing through the laws of the universe. The physical 
world is controlled by his laws. Yet the Spirit of. God 
is not bound by physical laws. He is free to commune 
with each individual soul. The answer to prayer is as- 
sured because God as a free Spirit can grant for his 
people that which seemeth best unto him. On this 
same basis I believe in miracles. Who knows but 
what the Father doeth many things according to spir- 
itual laws which we do not now understand? Chris- 
tians, let us continue to pray, conscious that we have 
a Father who loves us, hears our petitions and answers 
them according to bis infinite wisdom. 
V. The Elements of Prayer. 

A discussion of prayer would not be complete with- 
out setting forth the elements of prayer. The dominant 
notes of prayer are adoration, confession, thanksgiving, 
supplication, and submission. 

l. Adoration. Adoration embodies the majesty, the 
power, and holiness of God. The Lord's Prayer sets 
forth these elements in a wonderful way. " Our Fa- 
ther who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name." 
Adoration is fruitful in producing the prayer attitude 
because it sets forth the character of God in all of its 
infinite greatness and unfathomable love. In leading 
our people into the presence of God we must first pro- 
duce in their minds a conception of his majestic char- 
acter which will draw them to his bosom as naturally 
as the'California blossoms turn their faces to the sun. 
Adoration is very essential in producing prayerful atti- 
tudes because it embodies our understanding of the 
true nature of God. Our reverence for him should be 
so real that our souls would be tuned to the music of, 
" Hallowed be thy name." 

2. Confession. When we realize the holiness of 
God's character the sinfulness of our natures is strik- 
ingly revealed. This leads us to a confession of our 
sins and a cry for forgiveness. We repent of past sins 
and lay hold on him who transforms feeble souls into 
pillars of truth. 

J. Thanksgiving. Out of these experiences of 
prayer in which we have gained renewed spiritual 
vigor and courage for the new day and the new life we 
are led*to new heights of appreciation for the blessings 
of God, upon our lives. Thanksgiving should be one 
of our dominant notes in prayer. In our eagerness to 
petition God for the things which we desire let us re- 

member to thank him for his past and present mercies 
and blessings. 

4. Supplication. This element of prayer includes 
both petition and intercession. Petition has always 
been a dominant note in prayer. The needs, the bur- 
dens, and the problems of God's children are so great 
that petition will always remain an essential element in 
prayer- It is a wonderful thought to know that we can 
freely go to a loving Father with all of our problems 
and needs. It is a comforting thing to realize that bur- 
dens are lifted, needs are supplied, and problems are 
solved through the increased spiritual strength which 
has come in the path of answered prayer. I know that 
we must help to answer our own prayers. It is not 
right to ask God to do things for us which we can do 
for ourselves. I am sure he sometimes answers our 
prayers through helping us to do the things which we 
desire to have done. But even this thought leaves room 
for prayers_to be answered in the accomplishing of 
things which human strength would find impossible to 

Intercession is prayer at its best because it is prayer 
for others. In the purest sense it is unselfish prayer. 
Intercession should occupy a large place in our prayer 

5. Submission. Our prayers should be in the spirit 
of Jesus. It is submission to the infinite wisdom and 
knowledge of God who knows our needs better than we 
know them ourselves. Prayer does not change God's 
will. It changes our wills to accord with his will. In 
the truest sense our prayers should be, " Thy will be 

VI. Prayer Is Not Thought About God. 
Efforts have been made to identify prayer with 

thought about God. There is a difference between 
prayer which is a personal approach to God and think- 
ing about God. One can think about him without main- 
taining intimate fellowship. 

VII. Prayer Is Not Service. 
There is a difference between prayer and service. 

Worship inspires and illuminates service. Increased 
thought fulness of others and an added power for good 
come as the result of prayer. On the other hand, the 
pressing burdens of our tasks may cause us to realize 
more than ever the need of prayer. But service is not 
prayer. In prayer our attention is centered upon God. 
In service it is centered upon the task at hand. 

VIII. Prayer Reveals God's True Nature. 
The highest revelations of God come through wor- 
ship. The more we commune with the Father the bet- 
ter we understand his nature. In the last months of 
my mother's life as I saf by her bedside I received new 
revelations of her spirit. I found myself saying, 
"Haven't I been with her all these years? Why 
haven't I discovered these things before? Her spirit 
grows more beautiful every day." As I was witnessing 
the-setting sun of that life which was so dear to me, 
these thoughts came to me. The spirit may be more 
beautiful now as the sun hangs golden in the west, but 
this beauty has been there all the time and I wasn't able 
to understand it. I was to be brought step by step to 
the place of appreciation. Every time I talked with her 
I got new revelations of her nature. Just so it is with 
our Heavenly Father. The more we commune with 
him the better we understand his spirit. We are led 
step by step until we can pierce through the mysteries 
which cloud our vision. 
IX. In Prayer We Discover Religious Certainty. 

Many are asking this question: "How can we be 
sure of the reality of religion?" Certainty can not be 
found in a perfect code of morals. Neither does the 
philosophy of " love thy neighbor as thyself " satisfy 
the hungry soul. Mere belief in a historic Christ will 
not bring certainty. The Christ of history must be- 
come the Christ within. Certainty comes through re- 
ligious experience. The highest form of religious ex- 
perience is that which comes through fellowship with 
God. We never doubt after we have experienced God 
in prayer. Paul said : " I know whom I have be- 
lieved." He knew Christ intimately. You remember 

(Continued on Page 26) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1930 


God — The Seeker of the Lost 


In Three Parts — Part Two 
What is known as the Parable of the Prodigal Son, 

should be called The Parable ol the Father and His 
Two Prodigal Sons. It is a story with two parts : part 
I is the story of a lost son and his home-coming ; part II 
is the story of the other lost son who never left home 
(except in spirit). And in both parts is portrayed an 
exquisite picture of God the Father. 

Trace the steps in the path of the prodigal son the 
younger. There is first the assertion of self-will. He 
was discontented with his home. He longed for 
freedom without law or restraint, not knowing that 
this is an impossibility. Freedom without restraint is 
a " primeval lie," and many are they who have been 
deceived by it. Besides there is the youthful inquisi- 
tiveness, the desire to see the big world outside of the 
neighborhood. The restless spirit of youth — here is a 
typical son of the modern family. It isn't an old pic- 

Second step : desire ripened into conduct. It always 
does. " Sow a thought — you reap an act." He was not 
long in acting. He gathered together his belongings, 
collected outstanding loans, sold immovable property 
and converted it into cash. Then he left home, and 
went into a far country where home influences could 
not reach him. Note that the father did not dissuade 
him, nor go in search of him. Evidently it would have 
been no use ; the boy must find himself. 

Third step: he became a spendthrift— he began to 
scatter what he had gathered together, not just the in- 
terest, but the principal. He wasted his goods, he was 
free-handed, liberal, a good sport. He sought and 
found friends and pleasure. The world was gay and 

Fourth step: spending resulted in destitution. The 
source of supply was absent; his funds dwindled and 
he came to want, he experienced famine of a dire sort 
— famine of funds and friends. He was forced to hunt 
a job. He had to take whatever he could get. He 
hired out to a farmer who sent (where is his coveted 
freedom now?) him to feed hogs (a job much detested 
by the Jew), and all he got out of it was a chance to fill 
his gnawing stomach with the bean pods which the hogs 
were consuming. This is the- bottom — the final scene: 
a hungry, ragged, forlorn youth in a far country, with 
plenty of time to think of his past. 

Fifth step: "He came to himself." Jesus never 
spoke a truer word than this. Here is the divine esti- 
mate of one living in sin, debauchery, in slavery to 
fleshly passion — he is not himself. We say of one who 
is in irritable mood : " He is not himself today," and it 
is a true picture. Self-indulgence throws one off his 
balance, blinds one to tlje reality of things. It was not 
till the prodigal son " came to himself " that he could 
get a straight view of things. Thus home comforts 
and restraints came to look different than they did be- 
fore. And he saw himself as he was. Jesus did not 
excuse sin — he painted it in its real colors; but he 
says sin is unnatural, not the genuinely human — that 
it is insanity. 

Sixth step : this same vision of himself and his fa- 
ther's home led to a resolve to return, to put behind 
him the illusory life of the past and to seek his father's 
favor. His repentance led to a real confession. Some 
have cast doubt on the reality and sincerity of his con- 
fession. They say it was only his starved condition 
that drove him home. This view spoils a beautiful and 
natural picture. Granted that this is true in a meas- 
ure, who ot us can assert that our motives are un- 
mixed? This lad made a clean sweep of it, he did not 
try to excuse himself or to blame some one else; he 
shows a proper evaluation of his own unworthiness. " I 
am not worthy to be your son, make me a hired man." 
Who is the prodigal in the story? The "publicans 
and sinners " so detested by the leaders, anyone given 
to a life of self-indulgence, anyone living for externals, 
for material pleasure, anyone " wasting his substance " 
of body and morals and spirit, as well as money. The 
far country is a matter of attitude rather than of geo- 
graphical location. 

Who is the father? It is a picture of God such as 
the proud, narrow-minded, legalistic Pharisees had 
never seen. It is the illustration of the rejoicing in 
heaven mentioned in the two former stories. What a 
contrast to the exclusiveness of the church leaders, 
who, on the principle that a man is known by the com- 
pany he keeps, were branding Jesus as one of very un- 
desirable social standing. 

The guileless sheep had to be sought by the shepherd, 
the lost coin had to be searched for by the anxious 
woman ; but the lost son had to get back home the way 
he had left it — by his own volition. He had to find 
himself and start home, contrite and trustful. But he 
was met by the longing, waiting father who welcomed 
him, reinstated him to his place in the home he had 
left, and gave vent to the joy of his father-heart in the 
most lavish manner possible. 

This is part one to the story of the prodigal sons. 
St. Joseph, Mo. 

The Office of Bishop in the Apostolic Age 


In Five Parts — Part Five 
10. Qualifications 

The most comprehensive list of qualifications of the 
bishop is in 1 Tim. 3 : 2-7. A more brief passage, with 
some repetition and a little addition, is. Tit. 1 : 7-9. 
Other passages give little information in any direct 
way. In the statement " If a man seeketh the office of 
a bishop, he desireth a good work," we learn that his 
office is not a position of honor and ease. It is an office 
that involves work, and that of the highest and most 
beneficent kind. Of the requirements named, prac- 
tically everything pertains to that which is moral, only 
one being distinctly mental. The supreme condition for 
success is an attractive personality with Christlike char- 

He " must be without reproach." This touches every 
part of his personality. His whole conduct should be 
such that there is " no handle " which could be laid 
hold of to injure his reputation and service. In him 
should be the absence of definite acts or habits to give 
occasion for reproach. 

He is to be " the husband of one wife." There are 
four or more explanations of this statement. It is con- 
ceded that Gentile converts were in some instances 
polygamists. It may have reference to such. The 
most possible reference is to marriage after divorce. 
The plain teaching of scripture is against divorce and 
remarriage, and a man who has violated this teaching 
is not qualified for the highest office in the church. 

" Temperate " includes more than his attitude toward 
alcoholic beverages. He is to be temperate in all things. 
His actions shall not be extreme in one direction or 
another. The exercise of " self-control " is a good 
watchword. This denotes sobriety in judgment as well 
as in act. There will be many problems and questions 
for him to consider and upon which he must pass judg- 

" Sober-minded " indicates seriousness, self-control, 
and that perfect self-mastery which keeps one from the 
indulgence of the sensualist and from the austerity of 
the ascetic. " Orderly " indicates that outward con- 
duct which is exhibited by one who is temperate and 
sober-minded. He is modest but not shy, and genial but 
not noisy, being a true Christian gentleman. 

" Hospitality " was from one standpoint more im- 
portant at that time than now. Then there were not 
the hotel accommodations and so forth for travelers 
that we have. Hospitality is always a highly recog- 
nized Christian characteristic and a very good way of 
being helpful. 

" Apt to teach " is the most distinctly mental char- 
acteristic among the qualifications for a bishop. There 
are always heresies arising that must be rebuked. The 
purity of the gospel must be preserved. The word 
must be taught. So he has a responsibility for doctrine 
as well as for discipline. To feed the flock is Jhe supreme 
requirement for those entrusted with the care of souls, 
and aptness to teach will add much to the bishop's abili- 
ty in performing his duties. Those who can both rule 
and teach are especially "counted worthy of double 

honor." To the bishop is also entrusted the responsi- 
bility of preparingothers to fill the position of bishop. 

One who is a " brawler," a " striker," or a " conten- 
tious " person in the ordinary meaning of the terms 
can not be considered fit for this responsible position 
in the church. To be " a lover of money " would draw 
his interests to things of less than first importance, 
and might lead him to entertain deceitfulness that 
would cause him to become unfruitful. " The love of 
money is a root of all kinds of evil," and so should not 
exist in one who is to be chosen bishop. 

A " novice " is a recent convert to Christianity, or 
one who is not experienced. His ability and faithful- 
ness for the responsibilities under consideration have 
not been proven. He might become puffed up with 
self-conceit and vanity, fall under doom incurred by the 
devil, cease to be a minister of light, and prove un- 
worthy of the high calling of bishop. 

" Good. testimony from them that are without " is not 
the least to be looked for in the selection of a bishop. 
If those outside the body of Christians testify to the 
high quality of his character, the welfare of the flock 
under his supervision has a very healthy outlook. On 
the other hand, ill repute in the community may bring 
obloquy upon the church ; and, living under suspicion 
and reproach, he may give way to temptation and be- 
come reckless and sin. 

" Just " and " holy " are terms that lead us to look 
for those qualities of character that are inherent in the 
person of Jesus Christ, and are characteristics applied 
to God. One who does not possess the same nature 
can not do justice as an official in the church of Jesus 

One of the principal tests of his ability is in the gov- 
ernment of his own family. He must be successful in 
the ruling of this little group of his own. His children 
should believe (be Christians), or it might indicate that 
he was either careless as a Christian or that he was a 
recent convert. And if his children are not obedient he 
may lack ability to rule the household of God. 

In this list of conditions for the office of bishop it is 
seen that there are none more essential or supremely 
important than a high Christian character. Paul ex- 
pected such a man to meet high qualifications. But be 
did not make " laws " of a " higher life " for ministers 
or bishops than for others among God's people. There 
is nothing in the whole list that should not be manifest 
in every Christian. Many members come far short of 
living up to all of these things, and they can be kept in 
the church to be nurtured, with the hope of leading 
them to live close to the ideal. But a man should not 
be made a bishop unless these same laws are kept by 
him in such a way as to serve for an example to the 

Chicago, III. ~ •-. 

The Church and Labor 


The cause for the rift between the church and labor is 
the lack of understanding on the part of some, or most 
of the church people. How often do members of the 
church, in speaking of individuals, say it is their own 
fault that they don't get along better. Or of the unem- 
ployed, they say they could get work if they wanted 
work. If they would look at the problem from the 
worker's standpoint, it would seem different. The fact 
is, that on account of improved machinery for pro- 
duction, there aren't enough jobs for all the applicants. 

The president understood this when he said, he would 
plan to have three billion dollars' worth of public work 
on hand all of the time, so as to give the unemployed 
work. Some time- ago, we saw a picture of a machine 
for the making of automobile chassis that did the work 
of 250 men. One can see that such a machine would 
displace many workers, and this is an illustration of 
what is happening in every line of industry. 

There is another reason for unemployment. If it 
were not for our foreign markets, there probably would 
not be one-half the employment there is, but other 
countries are becoming industrial states ; and not only 
so, but some of our captains of industry are creating 
manufacturing plants in foreign countries. Ford has 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1 1, 1930 

moved his tractor plant to Ireland and organized an 
English Ford Motor company to make cars in England. 
General Motors has bought out a German company and 
will make cars in Germany. This procedure diminishes 
our foreign market, and at the same time chances for 
employment in this country are diminished. We are 
able to see but one remedy for this condition ; and that 
is for legislation to make less working hours per day so 
that there will be jobs for all. 

Yes, the labor class often thinks that the church, es- 
pecially the ministers, take sides with the capitalist class 
and they lose confidence in the church. I have thought 
the same tiling, but I did not take offense, for I realized 
the ministers did not understand the problem and they 
thought they were doing right. 

Dr. Kurtz says that 2% of the people own 54^. of 
the wealth of the United States. We can hardly read 
a paper without reading of some one commiting suicide 
on account of his or her economic condition. What I 
am trying to say is this: We need to get the confidence 
of the laboring class ; and to do so we must sympathize 
with them; we must learn to say but very little until 
we know what we are talking about ; then, and not un- 
til then, will the working class respect the church. 
Los Angeles, Calif. 

not ask for removal from the world, but for strength 
to live this life aright. 

Christianity proclaims that, "godliness is, profitable 
for all things " (1 Tim. 4:8). Though in the world, 
instead of being a part of it in its doings, the true 
follower of Christ will continually live godly in all his 
relations. His material prosperity and physical health 
even may be largely determined by his soul prosperity, 
according to the wish expressed by the beloved apostle 
in 3 John 2. 

Lake Istokpoga, Fla. 

The Christian's Relation to the World 


The critics of Christianity have faulted it for its 
" other worldliness " and its want of adaptation to 
" this present evil world." In this it is either mis- 
understood by them, or in their attempts to stay its 
progress the) - grossly misrepresent it. Such an idea is 
far from the truth, though during certain stages of its 
development there were those, even among its chief ad- 
herents, who were dominated by that notion. It led 
them to self-imposed banishment, where, separate from 
men, they would not come in contact with the con- 
taminating influences of the world. The hermit's life 
has ever been opposed to the betterment of man and 
Christian principles have never upheld it. 

It is true that "our citizenship is in heaven" (Phil. 
3 : 20) ; and, " we have not here an abiding city " (Heb. 
13: 14). God has placed a strong home yearning in 
the bosom of each one. This frequently leads to dis- 
contentment with our lot. Paul was in such a condition 
when he wrote 2 Cor. 5:8: "We are willing rather 
to be absent from the body, and to be at home with the 
Lord." See also Phil. 1:23. 

Yearning for the natural home is manifested in sev- 
eral ways. If we are away from home, home is the 
only place that will satisfy. If our home is not quite 
what we think it should be, we are discontented till it 
approaches more nearly our ideal. Unless there are 
very good reasons for keeping away from the home 
community, there is usually a longing to get back 
among friends and the environment which surrounded 
us in the past. If misfortune befalls us, home is where 
we want to go. Sickness drives us in the same direc- 
tion. If our social standing becomes impaired home is 
where we want to stay. 

Similar yearnings for his heavenly home frequently 
come to the Christian. But he should be content with 
God's will fully carried out in his life, as to his posi- 
tions and relations, knowing that " godliness with con- 
tentment is great gain" (1 Tim. 6:6). 

Nothing could be more striking than the way in 
which: Christianity addresses itself authoritatively, cor- 
rectively, and helpfully to the round of human inter- 
ests, both temporal and spiritual. Christ is set forth as 
Lord of all in the life of the heart, the head, the home, 
and the soul, not only for time but also for eternity. 

Christ considered life in this world as a precious 
thing, a sacred trust, and frequently gave Instructions to 
his followers as to their relation to it and the contacts 
they make in it. In his great intercessory prayer he ad- 
dressed the Father with this petition : " I pray not that 
thou shouldest take them from the world, but that thou 
shouldest keep them from the evil one. They are not of 
the world, even as I am not of the world " (John 17: 
15, 16). For the best interests of all concerned he does 

A Challenge 

Oh, Christian! Are you in the place where God 
would have you? Are you consciously fulfilling God's 
purpose for your life? Are you a flaming fire for the 
Lord of heaven and earth, a true ambassador of Christ 
and his kingdom? or are you a weakling, one making 
merely a pretty little daisy chain out of the life God 
gave you ? 

Life is filled with tragedy with all its ugliness. Of 
course, it is true that not all is tragedy and emptiness, 
there is much to praise the Lord for, but there is so 
much of the vanity of this world in the lives of 
the members of the Church of Christ that we ought to 
investigate our lives in order to find out where we 
stand, for we have professed to be followers of Christ, 
Creator, Savior, Keeper and Leader of us all. If we 
Christians are merely marking time in our life, and are 
in God's second or third place instead of the first ac- 
cording to his purpose for us, we are, indeed, living 
tragedies and hardly worth our own efforts to live. The 
very fact that God has allowed us to be living souls 
dwelling on this earth among its groping, suffering, sin 
trodden millions, is enough to make us know that we 
are here for a purpose. 

You, who are dreaming at your post, asleep while the 
enemy works tirelessly, awake to the fact. Soon it will 
be too late and when you realize that the period of your 
short existence has come to a close and death is upon 
you — then, and sharply — you will realize that you have 
wasted your precious, God given life, and your oppor- 
tunity is no more. Truly, no matter how long a life 
we live here our time seems like that of the flowers and 
grass of the field that soon wither and fade away. Let 
God use you while the blood of youth and the energy 
of a clear vision of the need are in your mortal body. 
We are here but once. 

Can you not see the blindness of those about you, 
who, not knowing Christ, are groping in the dust? 
Why do you hold back, remain silent in self-satisfied 
content, when the Lord would use you? Have you 
never seen in your heart of hearts, the millions of souls 
going yearly into eternity, unsatisfied, unhappy, search- 
ing for they know not what, with no real knowledge 
of Christ and his great, abundant, saving and keeping 
love, that has been so freely given for all the world? 
Has God called you to give up some of these comforts 
that are weighing you down, and go to a place where 
you have no friends, where you will have to strive, even 
" to the blood," for your convictions? If so, go, but in 
the name of the Lord, striving to do a great work for 
him, but with that quietness and strength in your life 
that come from trusting and leaning on him, the Source 
of all our strength. 

God has called some of us to be watchmen — not only 
to the house of Israel, but to all those who are poten- 
tially sons of God and joint heirs with Christ. He has 
most solemnly said : " When I say unto the wicked, 
thou shalt surely die ; and thou givest him not warning, 
nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked way, 
to save his life: the same wicked man shall die in his 
iniquity; but his blood will I require at thine hand." 
We watchmen must be found faithful and at our busi- 
ness ! " For unto whomsoever much is given, of him 
shall much be required." Has Christ, the greatest Gift 
possible, been given to you? Then, give him to others! 

The need is not only among people who seem to be 
nationally idol worshipers, or " those of a strange 
speech and of a hard language," but to your own peo- 
ple. God doesn't want all to go abroad. He needs to 
have some of us stay. He wants us to answer in our 

lives the challenge that he has to offer to us, whether it 
may mean at home or abroad. While the Christ given 
opportunity is still yours — answer the call. Go out, un- 
der the leadership of the " One who goes before," and 
" do righteousness." Be sure you know the Master's 
will. If he says " stay by the stuff," then stay, for 
nothing can avail if you find yourself out of his plan 
for you. There are thousands upon thousands of un- 
reached souls scattered throughout the nations. Many 
tribes of people still have not even a written language, 
and therefore, there is a need for people consecrated to 
one of the hardest of tasks. Only love for the Lord 
can keep one faithful when times of discouragement 
come upon one. There are people who live far inland, 
in practically unreached places, where, in some places 
the climate is unbearable to the white man. Yet, these 
people are a part of the Christian's burden and there is 
nothing too hard to be borne by the one called of God 
to those people, for it is the Lord, God, who will give 
strength sufficient for the task. 

Have you health, strength, youth, and the power of 
God in a cleansed and sanctified heart? If so, accept 
the challenge and ask the Lord to work in you to do his 
good pleasure. You may have to suffer privation phys- 
ically, and even intellectually, but not spiritually for the 
Lord will lead you into a far deeper spiritual life than 
you have ever known, and you will never regret your 
surrender to his will and to his plan for your earthly 
life. — Rachel Mostrom in Friends Oriental Ncivs: 



The deficit which confronts our General Mission 
Board is suggestive of the tragic fact that we, as a re- 
ligious association, do not comprehend the basic princi- 
ple of stewardship as it is taught, with abounding em- 
phasis in our Guide Book, the New Testament. 

Let us note a few of the passages which treat of 
that subject. 1 Tim. 6:7: "For we brought nothing 
into this world, and it is certain we can take nothing 
out." And in corroboration of this read 1 Cor. 10:26: 
" For the earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof." 
These passages annul all semblance of individual or 
corporate titles. 

We follow in the path of personal responsibility — 
the path of stewardship. We have passed the tithing 
stage. The communist stage, as it was inaugurated in 
Acts 4: 34, 37 is the basis of the obligation of steward- 
ship. We do not teach that it is vital to our salvation, 
but that it is the final bit of discipleship as it will be 
staged when Satan is bound in the pit for 1,000 years 
and when our loving Savior will be enthroned as the 
Supreme Ruler of the kingdoms of the world. 

Let us note now our relationship to the question of 
stewardship. We must provide for our households as 
we are taught in 1 Tim. 5:8: " But if any provide not 
for his own, especially for those of his own house, he 
hath denied the faith and is worse than an infidel." 
Our possessions beyond this belong to the Lord wheth- 
er it be the tenth or twentieth and on to the hundredth. 

We may note interesting incidents during the dis- 
pensation of the apostles. " And he looked up and 
saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury 
and he saw also a poor widow casting in thither two 
mites." Now what, think you, was the purpose of 
those gifts* to the Lord's treasury? One was for the 
benefit of the helpless widows and orphans and desti- 
tute and one was to contribute to the support of the 
apostles and succeeding ministers. 1 Cor. 16:1, 2: 
" Now concerning the collection for the saints, upon the 
first day of the week [our Sunday] let every one of 
you lay by him in store, as God has prospered him, that 
there be no gatherings when I come." This provision 
for the " saints " was to meet such emergencies as 
those which afflicted the church at Jerusalem noted in 
Paul's epistles and for ministers as noted in 1 Cor. 9 : - 
4-14. Note the conclusion of the apostle's teaching as 
follows in verse 14: "Even so the Lord hath ordained 
that they who preach the gospel should live of the gos- 

With these concrete and conclusive facts before us 
there can be no ground for the evasion of our responsi- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1930 

bility as stewards of the Lord to supply the wants, to 
pay the costs of our missionaries and there can be no 
gainsaying as to the penalty that awaits the delinquents 
who do not contribute their surplus savings to the cause 
of giving the gospel to the benighted men and women, 
the boys and girls of the heathen nations. 

Suppose we linger a while in speculating on the sub- 
ject of the financial status of our membership. We 
have approximately 125,000 members. A contribution 
of one dollar per member would place in our treasury 
$125,000. I do not think I am overestimating condi- 
tions when I say an abstinence in luxuries, in costly 
clothing, in jewelry, in cosmetics, in habitual waste in 
daily habits, would meet the deficit and leave $100,000 
surplus in our treasury. 

If we fail to meet these conditions face to face I do 
not think we can escape the penalties which the right- 
eous Judge will inflict on us as " robbers." Note what 
the prophet Malachi says : " Will a man rob God? Yet 
ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we 
robbed thee? In tithes and offerings, Ye are cursed 
with a curse : for ye have robbed me, even this whole 
nation. Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that 
there be meat in my house, and prove me now herewith, 
saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the win- 
dows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing that there 
shall not be room enough to receive it." 

Roanoke, Va. . „, . 

" Excess Baggage " 


The subject for this article is a term well understood 
by railroad men, and especially baggage masters to 
whom the term is more tellingly familiar than to men 
in other departments of the railway service. 

Reduced to other, and perhaps more familiar terms, 
the words " excess baggage " simply mean that the 
weight of the luggage which some travelers seek to car- 
ry is in excess of the weight permitted, and that if the 
baggage is to be transported the " excess weight " must 
be paid for in harmony with the tariff regulations which 
govern such shipments. 

In the matter of " excess baggage " the railways have 
doubtless been much imposed upon. All sorts of sub- 
terfuges have been resorted to by passengers to " get 
by " the baggage man with more baggage than the 
" free list " called for. Even words have passed be- 
tween baggage master and passenger which would not 
look nice in print ; and " the words " had their origin 
over a misunderstanding concerning the weight of the 
baggage, or the method by which an excessive amount 
was sought to be transported. 

But institutions other than railroads are oftentimes 
compelled to carry " excess baggage." This is true of 
villages, towns, cities, community charitable institutions 
— and even churches! The loafers and the shirkers in 
the churches are simply human pieces of " excess bag- 
gage," sucking the life-blood of the institutions to 
which they forcibly relate themselves while giving noth- 
ing in return ! Think of the audacity of the tramp 
knocking at the door of a home and extracting food 
from its pantry, without offering even the minimum of 
labor in exchange for the courtesy, or rather service 
extended! And yet hundreds of the best homes in the 
land, together with numerous charitable organizations, 
are thus insulted every day in the year ! And think, 
too, of the loafers and schemers that infest thousands 
of our towns and communities, daily extracting from 
the public the necessaries of life — without raising a fin- 
ger in an effort to give to a public thus wronged one 
single item of service in return ! 

But far worse and more of it! Think of the thou- 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House. R. E, Arnold, Geo. 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscription!" fifty cents extra.) 


H. A. BRANDT, Awlatant Editor 

Entered at the Postofllce at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 
Acceptance (or mailing at special rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1017, authorized August ^0, 1918. 

sands of men and women who have their names on the 
church registers while they literally loaf and scheme 
their way along, rendering no service to the church and 
withholding their financial support from the program 
of the kingdom of God ! There are entirely too many of 
this class in our churches today. 

The writer desires to record here that he has no 
word of censure for the church member upon whom 
misfortune has flung her somber robes. The man or 
woman who simply can not "pay their way," as some 
would wish to term it, have God's promise of a better 
and brighter day, and we must comfort them and aid 
them in maintaining their courage and position in the 
church — " till that day dawn and the shadows flee 
away!" Christians are to help each other in times of 
misfortune and sorrow ; else real Christianity would be 
a curse rather than a blessing to the sons and daughters 
of men. But unfortunate Christians and Christians un- 
der the shadow of a great sorrow or burden are not in 
the class of the loafers, schemers and shirkers — and 
should not so regard themselves nor permit themselves 

(Continued on Page 28) 


To the Women of Our Church 


I thank God that the women of our- church have 
found some of the God-given latent power within. 
What can not woman with her intuition and enthusi- 
asm accomplish, when she dedicates herself and God 
consecrates her? Woman has always been the unseen 
power back of great movements. Now she has come 
to the front, and with God's guidance and blessing and 
in the name of Jesus, she by faith claims God's prom- 
ises. "Ask and it shall be given." " What things so- 
ever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive 
them^and ye shall have them." Many of us pray with- 
out a purpose. We know it is God's will that the Gen- 
eral Mission Board deficit shall be wiped out. So we 
boldly come to the throne of grace praying that God 
will touch the hearts of our women, will make them 
feel the great opportunity and need. We pray that each 
woman, young or old, poor or rich, will give her 
mite ; will give as God blessed them, free will offerings 
which are the first fruits. 

I do not believe that God is pleased with church sup- 
pers or any entertainments for the main purpose of 
making money for the Lord. Is it right to first gorge 
our stomachs, have a good time, enjoy ourselves and 
then when all is over say, "Here, Lofd, you can have 
what is left. You can have the results "? This is not 
giving God the first fruits. What we need is inspira- 
tion and then enthusiasm, living faith which will set the 
rest of our women on fire and the blessing will come. 
Enthusiasm is power ; it fills one with zeal. 

We have proven that we have social women leaders 
and financial women leaders. But what we need to 
keep up this enthusiasm and zeal is spiritual women 
leaders. We need sisters in each local church full of 
the Holy Spirit, with a passion and burden for souls, 
to create a sincere desire in every sister, young or old, 
for a deeper spiritual life. Let us pray for a deep 
spiritual outpouring and then our mission deficit will 
be wiped out and souls will be born into the kingdom. 
God bless the women of our church. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

cuses may be offered. Surely, there are but few of 
our twenty-five thousand organized women who can 
not give as much as one dollar in the short time al- 
lotted us until the first day of March, and there are 
many who can and will do more. What am I going to 
do about it ? 

Let no one think the cause unworthy when millions 
know not the love of Jesus and all the glorious results 
thereof, and majiy young men and women stand ready 
to "go and teach." Let no one despise the smallness 
of a gift when she is giving all she can, for did not the 
poor widow cast in more than they all who cast into 
the treasury much out of their abundance? Let no one 
think the responsibility can be shifted, for did not he 
say " Go ye," and " If ye love me ye will keep my com- 
mandments," and " inasmuch as ye have done it unto 
the least of these ye have done it unto me "? 

We have just celebrated the Savior's birthday. We 
expressed our love and devotion to those near and dear 
to us. Did we remember him as we gave? Did we 
give that we may receive? Do we love that we may be 
loved in return ? Whom do we really love, and how do 
we express our love? 

The closing of the year causes us to look backward 
and take stock of our lives. Usually we find many 
weak places to strengthen, and some mistakes to cor- 
rect as we go forward into the new year. The dawning 
of the new year inspires us to greater tasks and more 
earnest effort. We have before us now a noble chal- 
lenge in the gift of generous hearted men and women 
to meet half of our mission deficit, if the thousands of 
us remaining meet the other half. Am I interested? Do 
I have the faith and courage to meet the challenge? 
Are we going to shoulder our portion of the responsi- 
bility, or will we sit idly by and offer only excuses for 
our lack of love and devotion to him and to our church? 
We can do it and we must do it, for life, love and the 
experience of the years as they begin and end in rapid 
succession, have taught us our duty. 
Eglon, W, Va. 

The Beginning and the Ending of the Years 


January one marked the beginning of a new calen- 
dar year, and February twenty-eight marks the clos- 
ing of a fiscal year, a very important closing to 
what many of us hope will be an outstanding year in 
the history of finance in our mission work. Why? Be- 
cause hundreds of us are hoping and praying and work- 
ing to the end that the first day of March, nineteen 
hundred and thirty, will find our mission deficit forever 
wiped off the records. There is no real reason for our 
not accomplishing this very purpose, albeit many ex- 

Our Privilege 


" Here's ten dollars, Mary, for the new dress you 
said you needed. - That's all I can spare this week." 

" Oh, that's plenty. Here's a clean handkerchief. 
Don't forget to come home early; it's prayer meeting 
night you know. Bye-bye." 

Hurriedly he leaves for the trolley. Mary looks at 
the bill very seriously, then with a new glow in her eyes 
she tucks it in the buffet drawer. 

" That's a lot o' money, isn't it, Mommy? I have a 
dollar and I'm gonna get a truck that runs all by it- 

On coming home from school the child finds his 
mother ripping and pressing something blue. 

" Whatcha doin', Mommy?" 

" Making a new dress out of an old one, Sonny 

" Didn't Daddy give you lots o' money to get a new 
one?" inquires the six-year-old observer. 

"Yes, but I decided I'd rather give it for the mis- 
sionary deficit." 

" Whazzat?" His eyes are big now ; it sounds dread- 
ful ! 

" Well, we promised to pay men and women to teach 
the little brown boys and girls and to build hospitals 
for the sick ones. So the teachers went and men be- 
gan to build, but now the money's about gone. And 
Missionary Deficit is the name of the money they need." 
Mother tried to make it comprehensible to the tiny man. 

" Will your money buy a hospital like where I had 
my tonsils out?" 

" No, but it will buy a little, white bed and maybe I 
can find more money to send." 

" What would my money buy?" 

" Medicine for a little sick boy, broth and fruit for 
him to eat when he gets better." 

Teddy thought a long while. " I don't need a truck 
that runs by itself. And when I get big I'm gonna find 
just lots o' dollars to send over." 

Easton, Md. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1930 

Slaying Our Giants 

A Sermonette for Junior! 

» And David put his hand in hi, bag, and took hence a 
stonTand siang it, and smote the Philistine ,„ h,s forehead 
(1 Sam. 17:49). 

The seventeen* chapter of the first book of Samuel 
gives us the story of how David, a youthful, ruddy 
fair shepherd lad, killed Goliath who was a mighty 
man of war in the Philistine army. It is an interesting 
storv and well worth our time to read it frequently. 

lust as David met Goliath who defied, insulted, and 
abused him. so we have our giants today, who try to 
defy and scare us. As they confront us they look b,g 
and mightv and we often fail to conquer them as thor- 
ou<mlv as David did his giant. One of our present-day 
giaWis Laziness, and he gets the better of many a 
boy and girl. Another one is Impoliteness and he gives 
us a lot of trouble. Then there is the giant called Mean 
Speaking who often defeats our better selves. There 
is a whole tribe of giants stalking about today and de- 
fving boys and girls at every opportumty. Each one 
of us can best name the particular giant which is threat- 
ening us. 

How shall we overcome and kill our giant enemies? 
David killed the giant with a stone from a sling. The 
sling and the stone were very simple implements, but 
David knew just how to use them effectively. This 
was not the first time David had tried to sling a stone. 
He had had manv days of practice slinging stones while 
he was caring for his father's sheep. He had prac- 
ticed so intensively that hitting his mark had become 
second nature to him. David was successful because 
he had thoroughly prepared himself for the event by 
many davs of practice in slinging stones. He also knew 
just what kind of stones to select. He selected smooth, 
worn, rounded stones, such as he knew would go to the 
place where he aimed them. 

The experiences of men of the past prove to us that 
the obstacles which defy success are best overcome 
by the effective use of the little things of life. Let us 
call these little things the stones which we may sling at 
our giants, the things which hinder our success. David 
selected five stones and so we can find five stones by 
which we can subdue almost any giant that confronts us. 
The first stone is. Be Honest. If we practice slinging this 
stone in evervthing that we do, so that we can sling it 
effectively we will be able to kill many of the giants 
that will confront us. Some boys think that it is not 
so important whether they are strictly honest in their 
ball games or at their marbles, or in the spelling recita- 
tion, because these are after all not such important 
events. They will be honest about the big things in life. 
Remember the game of ball, or marbles and the recita- 
tion are the place where you practice slinging the stone 
of Honesty. Make it hit true each time and when you 
meet a might)' giant it will be second nature for you to 
conquer him. 

"The second stone is, Be Truthful. Practice with it 
just as faithfully as the first stone and you will be 
able to slay many giants because of this good habit you 
have formed. 

The third stone is, Be Kind. Whenever a boy or girl 
forgets to say, " Excuse me." in the presence of com- 
pany, it is a pretty good indication that the boy or girl 
has not been practicing slinging the stone, Be Kind, in 
the home when only the family is there. If we prac- 
tice slinging this stone in the presence of father and 
mother, and brother and sister, we will be sure to hit 
the mark when strangers are in our presence. Practice 
slinging this stone. 

The fourth stone is, Be Prompt. When you are as- 
signed a task, be it little or big, do it promptly until 
you get into the habit of always obeying orders prompt- 
ly. This will kill many a giant for you as you enter the 
activities of life. 

The last stone is, Obey Your Conscience. The con- 
science is a mysterious something within our nature 

wh ich indicates whether our inclination are r gh 
or wrong. It is a very delicate arrangement and f it 
1 d ft ceases to function properly thus p acing us 
„ a perplexing situation as we no longer have any 
^l L right. Recently a young lad was sentenced 
I jail for stealing articles from the store of hrsem ng st c 
plover In his confession of the crime he said At to 
n Tmy conscience condemned me when 1 ^took 1, .1 
.lungs from the store bu, I didn't heed it. Toward the 
L, I could take large amounts without feeling con- 
demned. I wish I had obeyed my conscience in the fir 
place." Practice obeying the conscience. It will kill 
many an enemy. 

David used his stones in the name and fear of the 
Lord. So let us in the name of the Lord use the stones 
of Honesty, Truth, Kindness, Promptness and Obedi- 
ence to Conscience, until we can sink them sure and 
deeply into the foreheads of our giants. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

, and being 

The Gist of the Sermon 


Curiosity and Conscience 

Zaccheus had curiosity, and he had ; 
He heard that Jesus was coming that way 
short in body, he climbed a tree that he might see him 
There are different kinds of^uriosity. The immoral 
curiosity inquires into the things that are bad, the non- 
moral into the secular, and the moral is curious abou 
the good There must have been something good about 
Zaccheus, else he would not have gone to all the trouble 
he did to see Jesus. 

Zaccheus was a tax-gatherer, as was Matthew. But 
there seems to have been nothing outstanding about 
him He did not come for healing, or for a gift, nor 
was he "called" because of any special gift; he was 
the average man, perfectly satisfied with himself, and 
no doubt stood well in society. His conscience was the 
ordinary, for he gaged himself by the usual low stand- 
ard of society, and he was satisfied. 

Jesus saw him in the tree, and called to him, and 
offered to abide in his house that night. Oriental hos- 
pitality made this proper, and it was an honor to have 
prominent guests seek hospitality such as this. What 
"would we think if Jesus came along and told us that he 
would be our Guest for the night? Would we worry 
about things to eat, and a good bed? Or would we 
realize that the simple life of Jesus could be -easily 
satisfied as to material needs? Would we not rather be 
anxious about the books, pictures, music, conversation 
and the things of the home that suggest the interests of 
the family? Would we know what to talk about? 
Would we think about our conduct towards our neigh- 
bors? What did Jesus say in the home of Zaccheus? 
The Bible does not say, but we know some of the fruit 
of that visit to his home. We can be sure that Jesus 
spoke of the things that pertain to the kingdom of God, 

and the life eternal. He spoke of the fact that God is 
love and he loves the common people, who are strug- 
gling against great odds, who are swe ating ^ s uffer- 
L, ancl are missing many of the goods of life. The 
conscience of Zaccheus has a new level, a new measu - 
a new standard. His curiosity brought Jesus 
to"his home, and his new conscience responds with 
" One half my wealth I give to the poor, and four-fold 
restoration for all I have taken unjustly." 

The common man, with a common conscience, the 
average man with an average morality, is changed ,n 
the presence of the Christ. He has a new concept of 
God a new idea of religion, a new plan of living. He 
goes the whole length, not merely " forgive my sins, 
but " I will give, and restore to my fellow-men. He 
makes right relations with those who were his pawns 
He has a new conscience. Curiosity for the better 
things, and a conscience that is alive, change the self- 
satisfied tax-gatherer into a disciple of the Lord, who 
then became a benefactor of the race. 
Long Beach, Calif. 

Her Secret 


There once lived a very beautiful girl, whose life ^ 
was even more beautiful than her face. Everyone 
loved her dearly. Many were wont to wonder why she 
was so unusual, so lovely and lovable. 

This girl always carried, in her pocket, a tiny locket 
which even her choicest friends were never permitted 
to open, although' they had often noticed it. She never 
left it behind. It was always with her. Some of the 
curious ones wondered about its secret contents. 

And then one day the beautiful girl was taken dan- 
gerously ill. It seemed as though her Lord was about 
to call her home. Then one of her dearest chums was 
given permission to open the locket. 

It contained a bit of paper. On the paper was writ- 
ten, in the girl's own neat handwriting. It read : 
" Whom having not seen I love." 
That was all. But it was sufficient. It was carried 
about with her daily— not only in her locket, but in her 
heart. It was the secret of it all, It was her secret. 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

A Larger Rural Parish in Maryland 

I, was my privilege to spend two weeks in the Browns- 
ville (Maryland) church and community during October in 
a revival meeting. I have been revested ,0 give an account 
of the church activities in this large community. J s a 
pastor, and one greatly interested ,n our rural <«*«. 
1 have been inspired and encouraged very much through 
he loyalty, cooperation, and service which I found going 
on in 'his large congregation. Hence it is with great pleas- 
ure that I write this brief account. 

The Brownsville churches and community are located in 
a most beautiful and fertile valley, jus, twenty m. leu ; sputh 
of Hagerstown, Md„ which is known as Pleasant Valley 
This is a farming community; however, many of the people 
,vork for the railroad company. This community include 
a number of villages and small towns. The membership of 
the three Brethren churches is 468. „„,„-< 

These churches had been without a pastor and pastora 
program for several years. Thus for a time they were not 
cooperating well, the membership was becoming d. - 
couraged, and the community was losing confidence ,n 
the work bu, they go, together sufficiently las. February 
to call a pastor. Samuel A. Harley of Manassas, Va„ a 
late graduate of Bridgewater College, turned his back upon 
a very promising and appealing business offer and accepted 
this call From that date the work has taken on new life. 
Bro Harley is doing a remarkable and unique piece of 
„ork single handed. That is, he is single He went in o 
the parish under many handicaps, but he has a personality 
and a friendly frankness backed up with an energy which 
makes him irresistible. He has won the friendship, the con- 
fidence and the loyalty of the entire membership and oi 
the community at large. He not only knows the people, 
their names and their children; but he knows their interests, 
their needs, and their problems. Here is a young pastor, 
aided by a Ford, in a large community who is living in an 
active, vital, helpful way with his people. I am convinced 
that few pastors are doing it as well as he is. 

Through the leadership of the pastor a full program of 
regular services is progressing in each church. Each church 
has an active Sunday-school. Each church has a hve aggres- 
sive B Y P D One meets on Friday night, one on Satur- 
day night, and the other on Sunday night. The pastor with 
his counsel and influence attends each of the meetings. 
Two of these churches have prayer services regularly, one 
on Tuesday night and the other on Wednesday. Again we 
'• find the pastor with his help and encouragement at these 
services There are two active Aid Societies. At the largest 
of these churches preaching services are held each Sunday, 
alternating morning and evening. At each of the other 
churches they have preaching once every other Sunday. 
The preaching services are all cared for by the pastor. 

There are many items of interest in this active parish 
program. The village school teacher is active in the church 
work The mothers and daughters' banquet was a great 
success. This community had more than fifteen of its 
young people in our young people's summer training camps. 
The vacation church school was well supported. Com- 
munity programs and services are being well received by 
large crowds. As one would expect, the membership has 
been substantially increased during the year. 
- This splendid pastoral program is reviving the interest, 
creating vision, and securing the loyalty of the church mem- 
bers in a remarkable way. It is inspiring the young people 
with larger visions of service, and is providing opportunltes 
for service. This program is winning the confidence and 
approval of the community. The pastor is a welcomed 
friend everywhere. Thus the work and the word of the 
Lord increases daily. 
Roanoke, Va. 



"home and family] 

Dear Old Dad 

Dear Old Pal of my boyhood hours 
And guide of my youthful way, 
Over you have passed full fifty years 
And now comes another birthday. 
I like to think of the few short years 
In which we have shared life's joy, 
Each of us wanting to do his best, 
You my father, and I your boy. 
Tonight as 1 look at the starry blue, 
At the bright stars twinkling high, 
I am going to make a wish for you 
That will last as the years go by. 
Tis this : may your life be as jolly and bright 
As the whole milky way is long, 
With each hour filled to the very top 
With no sorrow, but heaps of song. 
North Manchester, Ind. 

New Lives for Old 

VIII. One Year With the New« 
VJhfn Sidney Hale returns to Valley Center he finds 

IneyUy plans 10 revive a discouraged commun.ty. 

Sidney Hale found that Joe Wheeler, his predeces- 
sor as editor of the Valley Center News, was glad to re- 
linquish that part of the work and confine himself to 
the mechanics of the job of getting out the paper. 
Thus quite free to go ahead, and ably abetted by Rog- 
ers Hale threw himself whole-heartedly into the task 
of making the Valley Center News the best he could 
make it for the purposes the self-appointed commis- 
sion on improvement had in mind. 

Hale and Rogers considered that their task was 
mainly one of education. That is, to help the Valley 
Center people see their resources, and seeing them, 
help themselves to a new level of individual and com- 
munity achievement. And though the two young men 
pushed their plans energetically, they were careful to 
be as tactful as possible. 

To begin with, a survey of the Valley Center com- 
munity was made and the results prepared for pub- 
lication in the News. The survey was very thorough, 
but the "basic facts and recommendations were pre- 
sented in a popular way. Thus Hale began with a 
lively history of the Valley Center community. And 
he did such a fine job of it that Valley Center folk not 
only read his story, but began to feel a certain in 
past achievements. Through it all Hale was preparing 
News readers for definite and courageous handling of 
current problems. 

Of course, Hale featured his map when he came to 
the conclusion of his story. But he had built up reader 
interest and community pride to the point where his 
findings and recommendations were received in a 
friendly spirit. For every one saw that not only had 
Valley Center an honorable past, but Hale was sure it 
might have an even more illustrious future. And this 
began to stir up men's courage as well as comment and 
even argument. 

A part of the story Hale had to tell was that of cer- 
tain local successes. He sought out those who had 
been successful in some line, no matter how humble, 
told their stories and challenged others to do as well 
or better. Thus he wrote up the story of Henry Green- 
baum, the farmer who followed some suggestions he 
had found in an agricultural paper and began fruit 
growing on a limited scale. Greenbaum realized success 
in a small way, and the story of this might have been 
enough for most reporters. But Hale and Rogers im- 
mediately visioned the larger possibilities of the Green- 
baum experiment. 

News readers were more than ever aware of the new 
order of things when Hale dilated at length on the 
fruit growing possibilities of the Valley Center district, 
particularly the higher slopes back of town. It was 
not necessary for Valley Center to try to live off the 
failing mining industry and its allied interests. Hale 

pointed out that Valley Center people should seek out 
new and promising industries and develop these as well 
as try to revive those lines which had seen a better day. 
He argued that Greenbaum had demonstrated the pos- 
sibilities of fruit raising and urged Valley Center folks 
to consider the proposition. But shortly, and to cap it 
all with a demonstration, Rogers seconded Hale's con- 
tentions by arranging to subdivide a large tract of suita- 
ble land. He organized a small group of friends in- 
terested in Valley Center for the purpose of leadership 
in the proposition. These men purchased and sub- 
divided a tract and passed it on at purely nominal 
profits to local men who would become bona fide set- 
tlers and agree to cooperate to the best of their ability 
to develop a new industry. And there was enough in- 
terest that a score of ambitious men and their families 
were shortly located and the new industry gotten under 


Of course fruit growing is something which does 
not yield returns immediately. There must be 
some way for farmers to live while trees or vines 
are coming into bearing. And it was just here that 
Hale and Rogers got a chance to try out some theories 
of farm relief and demonstrate the possibilities of still 
another line of activity for men who like to work in the 
sunlight as well as in the soil. For naturally most of 
the settlers on the new subdivision were miners— when 
the mines were in operation. 

When Rogers launched his plan to buy up a large 
farm to subdivide in small units he had argued that if 
ranchers from one to three thousand miles from mar- 
ket could make money on fruit and vegetable special- 
ties, certainly small scale farmers about Valley Center 
could do as well or better. For the Valley Center 
growers could eliminate much of the transportation 
charge and get their products to the near-by markets al- 
most as fresh as if one were to gather them from his 
own orchard or garden. The distant producing cen- 
ters were largely out of the market when Valley Cen- 
ter products were in season. Thus Rogers argued that 
the new type farmer must be more and more of the 
specialty type who is willing to concentrate on a small 
acreage and the development of near-by markets. He 
pointed out that those who would locate on the sub- 
division he was promoting would have not only the 
local Valley Center market in season, but that Main- 
port and Centropolis were right at hand. " Indeed," 
said he, " there is the finest chance in the world for a 
number of our ambitious miners to 'settle on five and 
ten-acre plots and make a good living while breathing 
pure air and soaking up the sunshine !" 

And Hale, amplifying other possibilities in a News 
editorial wrote : " The advantages of settling on a 
small tract of land are not exhausted by such factors 
as better health and more agreeable work. Five and 
ten-acre plots make it possible for the major city ad- 
vantages to be extended to the countryside. With such 
land units under intensive cultivation it is financially 
possible for farmers to have electricity, gas, water un- 
der pressure, good roads, up-to-date school, church and 
recreational facilities. There are communities so de- 
veloped where land prices are high and the same can 
be accomplished on the outskirts of Valley Center 
where just as productive land can be had for a fraction 
of the cost. The day of the large scale farms has 
passed so far as the Valley Center community is con- 
cerned. The time is at hand to break up extensive 
holdings and build thereon happy communities pos- 
sessing the major advantages of country life and city 
conveniences, but with a minimum of the disadvantages 
of these two common types of life. I have seen a few 
exceptional communities so developed, but none with 
possibilities greater than those possessed by the country 
around Valley Center. We do not have to choose be- 
tween the country and the city; it is possible to develop 
surburban communities until they possess the essential 
advantages of both." 

Thus it turned out that the small scale settlers about 
Valley Center were able to grow and successfully mar- 
ket quick crops raised between their trees. Meanwhile 
their orchards were making progress, and the fruit 
raising project being carried along toward its fulfill- 

Of course Rogers and Hale were busy with other en- 
terprises. The News sponsored clean-up-week for Val- 
ley Center. Seeds were furnished and prizes offered 
for the best gardens. Community interest and pride 
rose to the occasion so whole-heartedly that Valley Cen- 
ter soon began to look like people really cared. 

Several eyesores were torn down; others repaired 
and painted. The News was moved from the dilapi- 
dated building in which it was housed to a new and 
modest home. Various clubs were challenged with 
definite projects and one or two new ones advocated. 
And thus the year went by with the News suggesting 
and encouraging while Rogers worked quietly amongst 
friendly business men to promote definite projects and 
create better community spirit. 

And finally, as nothing succeeds like success, the 
close of the first year saw Hale and Rogers exceedingly 
happy over what had been accomplished. Valley Cen- 
ter had responded in a way they had not dared to hope, 
but in a way that they felt was fully justified by the 
possibilities patent to all. When the year drew to a 
close, Rogers and Hale were sure they had arrived at 
the point for launching their pet project, the through 
boulevard from Centropolis to Mainport which would 
pass through Valley Center. A second project they 
had in mind was the connection with Westhill. How- 
ever, they proceeded upon the plan of one major proj- 
ect at a time. Hence, for the promotion of their first 
road project they set the second year. Needless to say. 
the record of the first year was a great help to them, so 
much so that they got along even faster than they had 
dared to hope. 
Elgin, III. . ■ 

The Foundation That Is Laid 


Christ crucified and risen from the dead is the all- 
sufficient Foundation of human hope. It is the only 
Foundation that will be able to stand the storm which 
is sure to trv every man's work. Paul claims to be 
not only a builder, but a wise master builder. He laid 
the only true Foundation, Jesus Christ, and he tells us 
that " Other foundation can no man lay than that 13 
laid' which is Jesus Christ." The strong, immovable 
foundation is laid by God himself. As it is written 
" Behold I lay in Zion a stumblingstone and rock ot 
offense- and whosoever believeth on him shall not be 
ashamed " (Rom. 9 : 33). It is truly said that man 
needs God to lay his foundation for him in every sphere 

of life. . . 

If we would be Christ's building we must yield our- 
selves to be fashioned by him according to his ideal of 
beauty at whatever cost it may be to our pride, our 
vanity our selfishness, our ambition, our wealth. 
Christ working in us and on us, and we yielding our- 
selves to him and working with him and for him, will 
produce such lovely structures as he will take delight in 
presenting before the Father and the holy angels. 

Ashland, Ohio. 

■ • ■ 

Persecution and Joy 


The two do not seem to go together, do they? And 
vet we read in the thirteenth chapter of Acts and the 
fifty-second verse, that just after Paul and Barnabas 
had suffered persecution they were filled with the Holy 
Ghost. The text reads: " And the disciples were filler! 
with joy and with the Holy Ghost." 

Perhaps there is no peace and joy like the peace and 
joy that .comes after a time of trouble, trouble caused 
by others and hard to bear because we can not under- 
stand the why and wherefore of it. 

When Jesus on the cross said, " It is finished, that 
peace from the Father was near at hand. He himself 
had said during his ministry: "Blessed are ye, when 
men shall revile you, and persecute you. . . . Re- 
joice and be exceeding glad, for great is your reward n 
heaven " As the Comforter was near at hand then, so 
is he near our side now when we are enduring perse- 
cution for righteousness' sake. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 




Calendar for Sunday, January 12 
Sunday-school I—. Baptism and Temptation of Jesus 
-Matt. 3:13-4:11. 
Christian W«W **•. Cove.ousness. 

* * * * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Oc. baptized in the Root River church Minn. 
Nineteen baptized in the Bethel church Nebr. 
One baptized ,n the Des Moines church, Iowa 
Si, baptized in the Firs, church. Baltimore. Md. 
Four baptized in the East Dayton church, Ohta 
El.™ baptized in the Union Center church, tad, Bro. D. 
R. McFadden. evangelist. 

Eleven baptisms in the Mil. Creek church. Va, Bro. 
Gars, of Salem, Va., evangelist. 

Twelve baptized in the Reedley church, Cahf., Bro. 
Miller of Fresno, Calif., evangelist. 

Four baptized in the Salem church, Iowa. Brother and 
Sister T. Edwin Jarboe, evangelists 

Fourier baptized in the Nettle Creek church, tad., Bro. 
C H Fetry of Mogadore, Ohio, evangelist. 

Seven baptized in the Middle District church, Oh,o, Bro. 
r B Smith of Bridgewater, Va., evangelist. 

Thirty-™ added to the Keyser church, W Va., Bro. J. 
H Cassadv of Washington, D. C. evangelist. 

Twenty-... confessions in the Mexico church, tad. 
Brother and Sister O. H. Austin, evangelists. 

Thirteen baptized in the Spring Creek church, tad., Bro. 
D R McFadden of Smithville, Ohio, evangelist: 

Five baptized and two reclaimed in the Eagle Creek 
church, Ohio, Bro. John R. Snyder of Tyrone, Pa, evangel- 

' St One from Cincinnati. Ohio, and five from Constance, Ky, 
were baptized in the Cincinnati church: one was also rein- 
stated. ****** 

Bro. W. Buck-*? -* «* °< gfcurtfBov^an 

thcir daughter. Mr, *—£<J» ^ Messenger 
of Bethany Hospital, were recen (Sunday 

around. * * * * 

Our Evangelists 

Will you 

WD! ,.« sh»r= tie burden which these l.b .»-,! 
pray tor the success of these meetings. 
Bro. C. A. Bame of Ashland, Ohio, to begin Feb. 2 in the 
Tyrone church, Pa. 

Bro. J. W. Fidler of Brookville, Ohio, began Jan. S in the 
West Goshen church, Ind. 

Bro. Ralph G. Rarick of North Manchester, Ind, to begin 
March 5 in the Clovis church, N. Mex. 

Bro. R. P. Bucher of Quarryville, Pa, to begin Feb. <J in 
the Mverstown house, same congregation, Pa. 

Bro. S. P. Early of Roaring Spring, Pa, to begin Jan. 12 
in the Twenty-eighth Street church, Altoona, Pa. 
■> * * * 
Personal Mention 

The Standing Committee delegate from Florida and 
Georgia to the Conference of 1930 is Eld. D. E. Miller. 

Bro. G. E. Weaver. R. 1, Johnstown, Pa, is available for 
evangelistic meetings any time between May 21 and Sept. 1. 
Bro Riley Kendall, Box 97. Topeka, Ind, experienced in 
evangelistic singing, has decided to give the year 1930 
mostly to this work. Those desiring his services should 
correspond with him soon. He will serve anywhere but 
prefers engagements in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois 

Bro Rufu. D. Bowman will he one of a pacifist group to 
interview President Hoover on Jan. 13. From Washing- 
ton D. C, our General Secretary of the Board of Religious 
Education will go to Elizabethtown, Pa, for five days of 
the Bible Institute to be held at Elizabethtown College, 
Jan. 12-19. 

Many of our reader, no doubt know about and enjoy the 
morning worship program which is broadcast over station 
WMAQ. Chicago. They will be interested in knowing that 
Bro. J. W. Lear has been asked to conduct this service 
each morning during the week Jan. 13 to 18. The hour is 
7 : 30, Central Standard Time. 

Bro. D. R. Murray, 2892 Indianola Ave, Columbus, Ohio 
wants to secure the names and addresses of Church of the 
Brethren members and friends living in or near Columbus. 
As we have no church in that city he is assisting in the work 
at the First Brethren church, corner Third Avenue and 
Oregon Street. Help him to get in touch with your friends 

On Now Year'i Day Bro. John W. Shively and wife o£ 
North Manchester. Ind, celebrated their golden wedding. 
Sister Shively has been an invalid for about five years and 
their many friends joined with three of their children in 
making the event a very happy occasion. One interesting 
feature was a poem in their honor contributed by a daugh- 
ter, Mrs. L. J. Yoder. 

Miscellaneous Items 

I- .„ J H Keller, Leonard, Mo, has a number of books 

Books, which she would dispose of at very 

"ZZ reading the suggestions on how to meet the nils- 

. 1 iiJ Society report, should be sent to the secretary 
„Mhf D t?ric.~7soc7cty. for local reports are no longer 
"the Messenger. But the consolidated reports for 
the Districts are printed and may be sent in at any time. 
W.wbe. Wave, have washed in over the editor's desk 
leaTu^Tfew "fine white young thoughts" and no damage 
what never Yes. it's all about Camp Mack, a winter re- 
minder to keep the young folks from iorgctting that sum- 
mer is coming again. 

A good woman in Pennsylvania sends a remittance for 
more ^an half a hundred dollars to help to meet the 
mssion challenge. She says that she and her husband find 
that they have been greatly blessed financially. They want 
to pass on the Lord's share to him. The mission rooms find 
such e tets very inspiring. A good many missionary 
minded members do find themselves financially ^ unable to 
register by giving the real purpose of their hearts. 

The Si.Wr.' Aid Society of Greensburg, Pa, sen, the 
Messenger to a number of members on the 10-cent offer, 
but s not stopping with that'. To each of these subscribers 
'h Aid weu'with a mimeograph copy of the premium 
offers in the Messenger of Dec. 14, with which ^ were an 
envelope and a subscription blank, urging immediate sub 
script! for 1930. Wouldn't you like to know of the 
success' Well, you can make the same experiment in 
Tour own congregation and thus have first-hand informa- 

tion. Suppose you try it. 

* * * * 

Should He Sign? 

A consecrated minister of the Church of the Brethren came 
to me a few days ago, seeking light upon an important prob- 
lem. He was born in another country and came to the 
United States as the country of his choice. This brother 

himself and for several of his children 
born in another country. 

The application for citizenship asks this ones on I 
nelessary are you willing to take up an- » « «n« o 

thiTcountryr; If < Ws '^ swe » No," h Twill be de- 
be granted citizenship. H he »*«£ • ^ supreme 
nied citizenship. The majority oc Schwimmer 
court in denying citizenship to Madam £° 'ka Sc 
because she refused to promise to take . e ^ 


, SSr-S2«U.-3 ^valuable and 

consecrated people. 

Should our brother sign. To do so ^^ ~ 
mise a moral ^ He sa s he can ^ ^ 

SrHTp^S-Vu-'S.^ "I the Brethren 

he two Our brother can not sign and promise to take hfe, 
o he is a pacifist, as most all of our loyal Brethren are 
oacifi sts Yet he thinks that it isn't fair to deny him 
c , ship on this ground. Neither do I. He ,s a good law- 
Si* citizen, pays his taxes, supports his government and 
teaches those moral and spiritual ideals which make, for 
stability. Is it right to deny him citizenship? He comes 
to us for help. 

This problem is not just one of the Quakers and M,n- It is our problem. What are to do about 
it" First, the refusal of citizens to sign and compromise 
conscience will do more than anything else to educate public 
en imen, toward changing the law. This decision is bound 
fal, of its own weigh,. Second, the supreme court should 
render a new decision. When the decision on the Schwim- 
mer case was given, the Kellogg Pact was not technically 
in force When the Kellogg Pact was put m force, the 
whole international situation was changed. A decision 
should now be rendered in harmony he Peace Pact. 
Third congress should enact a new naturalization law, de- 
claring that conscientious objection to military serv- 
ice shall not constitute a bar to citizenship. 

A Quaker can be our President: and yet, we refuse 
citizenship to Quakers and to those who believe like the 

Rufus D. Bowman, General Secretary. 


Meeting the Mission Challenge 

Some of Which Should Be Usable in Every Congregation 

Progress can best be made by grasping oppor- 
tunity at the proper time. January and February 
will be important months to work. The individuals 
working to pay half of the deficit have given the 
challenge. Hundreds of congregations are working 
hard The extra $37,500 needed above last year's 
giving can be raised if we all pull together. A few 
congregations remaining lukewarm in each Dis- 
trict are almost certain to cause defeat. 

Among the suggestions we make are the follow- 
ing : 

1. Make a special every member solicitation for 
the Challenge Fund. 

2. Call on able members to contribute ill a large 

3 Receive a monthly offering in the Sunday- 
school You may be in position ,o receive a 
special offering more often. Order envelopes 
for individual use. They help increase the of- 
4. Present the Share Plan to classes and urge 
part of the payment on the first year to be 
made before February 28. 
5 Make this missionary situation the topic- for 
the prayer meeting. Enlist classes and individ- 
uals in special prayer. This is the 1900th An- 
niversary of Pentecost. There is no belter way . 
to celebrate than by intense evangelistic effort 
on the mission field. 

a reasonable but challenging amount to 
raise in each offering. Aiming at something 
definite gets us farther. 
7 Keep literature on the subject before your 
members. Copies of the Missionary Visitor w, 1 
be sent upon request during January and Feb- 
ruary to any list you send in. Loan your Mes- 
senger to those who may not be receiving it. 
8. Study the best methods of using Missiongrams 

to get the best results. 
9 Send to us names and addresses of prospective 
' givers and we will correspond with them. Give 
information about each person so we can write 
in a definite way. 
10. Call a meeting in which the leaders of the 
church, minister, treasurer, finance committee, 
Sunday-school superintendent and missionary 
committee understand the responsibility each 
is to bear. 
11 Write your problems to us. Maybe some other 
church has solved the same difficulty and we 
can give you help. , 

12. Enlist the interest of classes to work toward 
definite goals. 

13 Arrange a chart to indicate the giving of the 
' church for the year. This may show the com- 
parison with last year, also the goal toward 
which you are striving. 

14 A week of Prayer and Self-Denial is suggested 
' for January 26 to February 2. 

Elgin, Illinois 





American Dollar, for a French School 

< .k. UnrWefeller foundation have offered 

Conditioned J^ -^ ^piL promise dc- 
g ovcrnmen. If real ^ ^ ^^ acres 

^t'tSKW hack of .he Notre Dante 

Cathedral. — 

Getting Out of the Way 

point » her V h ^ 1, of the way of those ever crowding 
„ rs f ff X inN^ trkCify the encourage 
fr ° m , do aM b v can to make it safe, for speed in- 
spec d «***^ C a a strcet ,o carry traffic. More and 
rii!.- conned centers of population .ife is becoming 
a game of getting ou t of the way. 


Reclamation in Italy 

especially so when A sur, ^.^ and 

tta , Italy haO,768,0» acre ^ ^^ bcen 

put under cultivation. Ut tnese . • MJ ?65 are 

drained, 2,145,602 are .n «jj~af *££Jr.» 0ne „ omd 

:nr.t;u s r^ h P x u t — h a d so 

much swamp land ly ing waste. 

Two Cow. and One Tobacco Stalk 

for Dec. 22. Leaves iro Colville, rural route 

two cows, proved expensive for Harley Loivi.ic, ... 

S .« ' cows in Ohio, one is made to wonder fus, how 
m ch harm the use of tobacco must do to ^-J^ 
are foolish enough to smoke-and to grown men who ought 
also to be interested i^ctonj^odiewnd unclouded minds. 

Christmas Buying in 1929 
Christmas buying for 1929 proved to be a delight to those 
who had merchandise to sell. The season was ooked ^for 

Fn a time it seemed that the people were cutting down 
b vhTthey did star, they hough, along bigger and 
broader lines than at any time in my memory. And U» 
merchant's experience is believed to be fairly ^'f J^ 
dently the paper profits that people make and lose 
as important a trade factor as generally supposed. 

Book. a. Good Medicine 

A steady diet of one kind of reading matter is quite as 

bad for tfe's mental health as a restricted diet for the body 

Thus it has come about that books are being P » sc ™ c ° 

and the art or profession of the reader's advtser has been 

Clved Certain classes are apt to be especially , conscio 

of reading needs. For example, parents who want : to keep 

up with their children; or college trained nun i and women 

who are conscious of narrow reading interests. Another 

gr'oup inctadL the college boy who would be ^ described by 

fhe unsympathetic as half-baked, and who finds himse be 

coming morbid through too much reading of Schopenhauer 

and Nietzsche. For these boys I prescribe good, clear clean 

adventure" Of course the principle involved here is noth 

ing new but it is something different when people gener- 

ally begin to recognize its value- 

Religion in Russia 
The newspapers have carried many statements that would 
indicate religion is on trial in Russia. Any doubt th the e 
reports have been overdrawn seems out of the ,uest.o» in 
view of corroborative testimony from other sources For 
examp.e, the managing edit* of the Chrtstran Century 
recently returned from a trip through *»*■ »»• ™ 
"The religious situation is about as bad as it could p ss.bly 
be." Indeed Russia looms up as the modern land of the 
martyrs. "What is the outcome to be? It seems to mc 
that my friend, who talked with me in Moscow just before 
his own exile befell him, had the truth. The period c,£ re- 
pression will be long and terribly severe. Active religion 
will largely have to go underground. There will be much 
suffering. But the torch of faith will not go out. .Some day 
it will have a chance to blaze in the open again. When 
that day comes-which means when the soviet authorities 
learn a deeper wisdom-Russia will see a purified and more 
vital religion than it has ever known before." . 

The Dry Campaign in Mexico 

While wet propaganda flourishes north of the ^ Rio Grande 
a campaign to dry up Mexico is getting under way. Th 
year the national anti-alcohol commission, created by Pre • 
den, Portes Gil, will continue *£~£?3FE 
rtu^rS-l'^car^rlsl carry ,0 ,e 
"cop,::": conviction that the drink, brings moral and 
physical unhappiness and to inter est them in W.M ting t arm. 
of diversion so as to keep their mmds off liquor I the 
Mexican commission succeeds with its projec it will be 
worth our while to find on, how to keep several millions o 
our people thinking about something more than new ways 
,o achieve the low pleasure of a booze party. 

Buying Blind 

What about the mere shopper when one who has in- 

Ml to ge, it, that those who buy for appearances ge tst.1 

we all have held that the higher the price, the better the 
Tally We found this true in other lines of merchandise 
To In so far as Miss Cook's findings are true most 
hoppers are buying blind. Perhaps some day a wise pro- 
fessor will tell us how to get our moneys worth. 


— — ■ s-a«rssr- or - 


The Justice of God 

Why It I. Hard to Spell 

did not know that the situation was really as bad as Dr 
Ernest Horn of the University of Iowa has figured < out 
fo be "These millions of spellings for , us, one word a e 
; lonetic-spelling the word as it sounds, U--««^ 
or thorough. Moreover, all of them are from the Uve 

and seek for possible remedies. 

The Second Mile and Scholar.hip 

In scholarship, as in other adventures, the «~^££ . 
a short one. But what a difference ,t makes! For example 
a survey of 245 freshmen a, Cornell University showed ,1a, 
the Serence between high scholarship and poor scholarship 
: s "proximately seven hours, or bu, one working day 
It was discovered in this particular survey that the high 
h larshi men average 56.57 hours per week on scboo 
vork of various kinds, while the students on prob. on had 
an average of but 49.52 hours per week. A natter ol * 
trifle over seven hours per week thus measured the differ 
e ce between high and low scholarship at Cornell. On 
au hod states that the high scholarship freshmen spent 
»mor time in Cass attendance, and s.u ying at tome , 
less time in physical exercises, attending plays, 
coicer s on p'rtL, dances, dates, card playing, and sleep- 
ST And so we come back to our introductory remark 
^scholarship, as in other adventures the second mile ,s 
short^-but what a difference it makes! 

1 John 1: 1-9 

For Week Beginning January 19 


A brother had made a business transaction that placed 
him on sv street. But the other party to the transaction 
was placed under a lifelong load of debt. The brother ■«. 
Lard to remark: ■ How wonderfully God *. provided for 
me!" He had forgotte'n that Gods love never runs .w.y 
with his justice (Dent. 32:4; Isa. 45:21; Job 4.1. Jer. 32. 

Much that is called justice in human dealing n , but a 
hastv sentence based'upon partial evidence. When all of 
1 facts are weighed and a„ the rights and resP^b.toe. 
are regarded as only God can weigh and regard them, then 
we have real justice. There is no conflict between this sort 
of justice and love (1 John 1:9; Rom. 3:26. Psa. J. 4, Jer. 

To say that one is just is no, to say that he is slow to for- 
give and stranger to mercy. Mercy -d forgiveness ar 
meaningless in a life which has no *°™*™*™<£ 
justice (Jer. 50:7; Ezk. 33:17, 20; Rom. 2:11, Col. 3.-5, 
1 Peter 1:17). 

The small soul nurses its ill humors. Or it is too spineless 
and soft to become aroused. The great soul can burn with 
"consuming indignation and upon the first srgns o repent- 
ance it can forgive like a mother (Job 37:23, Deut. 10.1/, 
2 Chron. 19:7; Psa. 89:14). 


Have we not too closely associated justice with punish- 
., R. H. M. 


The Staggering Co.t of War 
The staggering cost of war was brought home to the 
The staggering Hoover's budget message. 

American people in rresioeni 

"He reveals that nearly three-fourths of the ^Wf^ 
,o be spent by Uncle Sam in the fiscal year 1930-3 , will 
. „„„ tor oast wars and wars that may occur in the 
futo'rl' W J, in the -re of the army and n.vy pensions 
d war debts, claim 72 cents out of every doUar pa d by he 
taxpayer into the United States Treasury. Of the remain 
7* rent, 13 are to be spent for social aids and subsidies, 
mc,S provision/for public health and education 8 for 
keeping the machinery of government running and 7 for 
fi a affairs. The outlay for past wars and for nationa 
Lie totals S2.775.213.283." The bite that Mars gets on 
of every federal tax dollar is now so large that the folly 
o he war system is becoming increasingly apparent n- 
deed it is so apparent that militarists have rushed to he 
d ense of current war expenditures, pointing out that the 
tger half is chargeable to pas, wars, which they say we e 
unnecessarily prolonged and expensive on account of lack 
ope" ration If this strange type of reasoning shou d 
in.rLe the reader, let him remembe. that complete prepa- 
a. on on the part of Germany not only did no. prevent war, 
bu also prolonged it. For Germany did not qui until ex- 
hausted. Hence the greater the preparation <he longer the 
war! All of which is the very opposite of what he ml ,- 
aris, would have us believe. And then consid ,, : this f act. 
that the war and navy departments now cost about $8.0,- 
000 000 per year-or that preparation for war costs on a 
Taie that from a purely dol. 9 r and cents basis it would 

be cheaper to fight an occasional war unprepared than to 
pay the price of preparedness 1 The plain fact o the 
matte is that however one figures, war is an astoundingly 
"pensive and hopelessly antiouated way of settling ^na- 
tional disputes. What avails the battle anyway, when the 
bes, of wa« seUles no.hing except as it is worked out 

around council tables? 

. «--♦ • — 

Meeting the Mission Challenge 


A^lan. Sc=re.ary General Mb«»„ BoarJ 

What Ha. Been Accompli.hed 

The challenge for the church to>crease its giving this 

yelrbySand thus pay half of the deficit is beginning 


, L ;„ receipts over the corresponding period of 

fear the receipts were $202,218.87. The difference o $8, 30.12 
represents progress made toward meeting the challenge. 
What Mu.t Yet Be Accomplished 
The receipts for January and February of 1929 totaled 
*Sk«. TO reach the desired goal the -e^.he 
G ;" ml Tl d :^^'\Tl^7Jr, is the differ- 
Z,Ztr^^ increase and the = ga,n now 

yc ar are indicative of .he giving P wer ^ *^rch 

there is general cooperation. The W<" 
and by God's guidance and our will to work 

An Explanation of th. Cooperative Budget 

ii , nrcc.nt their united askings 
The Genera. Boards annua lly pr en the ^ ^ 

,o Conference for approval. The recora g ^ 

churches is kept on the basis of wha , ^s e ^^ 

the four General Boards It is true th y ^ 

Board has a deficit jt tta ' *"» T ^SV a ,l Boards 

tionate share as approved by < ^onference. ^ 

Those who desire may designate tneir , 
thl World Wide fund of the Genera, Mission Board. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1930 

Worship in the Worship Program 

(Continued From P«. ») 

the case of Thomas who would not believe that Christ 
had arisen from the dead unless he could put Ins fin- 
gers into the print of the nails and his hand into the 
Master's side. Thomas was one who believed that the 
truth of religion must be demonstrated by scientific an- 
alysis He wanted it made as plain to him as two and 
two make four. Unless he could see the visible scien- 
tific facts he would not believe. " Jesus saith unto him 
Because thou hast seen me thou hast believed: blessed 
are they that have not seen and yet have believed. In 
other words. Tesus told Thomas that religious certainty 
comes through religious experience. It involves faith 
in the integrity of God and fellowship with the Son of 
X. Worship Retuvigorates the Soul. 

" Jehovah restored! my soul." The spring can con- 
tinually give of its pure sparkling water because it has 
a source of supply. The Christian who gives of his 
vital energy needs spiritual refreshment. As a boy I 
used to haul grain to the mill to get it ground. Some- 
times the miller would say: "No more grain will be 
ground today because the pond is dry." During the 
night the springs and streams would flow into the pond. 
In the morning when the gates were lifted the old mill 
wheel would sing a merty song. This is what David 
meant when he said: "Jehovah restore* my soul." 
Worship renews our energy. It restores our souls. It 
renews our spiritual vigor. 

We must experience God within the heart. The 
whole world is hungry for this mystical religion. The 
church needs it. Christians must be more devout and 
prayerful. Christianity must be saved from artificiali- 
ty. We must tap the great resources of God. The 
greatest need of our time is that we become masters in 
the art of worship. 

Elgin, III. ___^„ 

The Kingdom of God Is Within You 


The Pharisees demanded of Jesus when the king- 
dom of God should come. He replied, but did not an- 
swer their question. Their desire was to know the time 
when it was to come. His reply was : " The kingdom 
of God cometh not with observation : neither shall they 
say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of 
God is within you" (Luke 17:20, 21). 

This answer was given to the Pharisees, hut not to 
them only; for here he states a fact for all men to 
know, explaining the character and coming of the king- 
dom of God on earth. Neither does he mean to say 
that the kingdom of God is within the Pharisees in 
preference to all other people. The meaning is that the 
kingdom of God is within you, not without, where all 
could see it. That the kingdom of God is spiritual, 
something within the heart and life of man, visible only 
to the eye of God. 

When the sinner, enlightened by faith, repents of his 
sins and follows the commands of the Savior, he re- 
ceives the gift of the Hoty Spirit, the Spirit of Christ. 
This Spirit comes, not visibly, and makes his abode in 
the heart of the cleansed sinner. To prepare the house 
for this heavenly Guest it must be emptied of vile and 
worldly things, swept and garnished (Matt. 12:44). 
Then this Spirit takes possession of one's life and 
dwells in this human body and rules and directs the life 
of the Christian. 

In this little realm the Spirit is the King, the con- 
verted sinner is the subject and the word of God is the 
law. The subject is loyal to the King and obedient to 
the law, and this makes a perfect little kingdom of 
God here on earth. In this kingdom quiet and harmony 
prevail and the atmosphere is a peace that passeth all 
understanding. Worldly conditions, such as poverty .or 
riches, make little difference and can neither add to, or 
detract from, the serene happiness which bears the 
stamp of heaven. 

Where many of these little human realms are joined 
together as in a congregation, as unnumbered blossoms, 
each perfect in itself and clustered together to crown 

the beauty of the same tree, it adds nothing to the in- 
dividual flowers but gives strength and glory to the 
beauty of nature's promises ; so also the union of many 
Spirit-directed lives gives joy and comfort, and 
strengthens every effort to spread the light of heaven 
among the children of men. 

However, in our human weakness we sometimes do 
not follow the guiding of the Spirit as closely as we 
should, or in the tangled mazes of our worldly affairs 
we fail to understand the still small voice and stray jn 
forbidden paths, thus bringing sadness to ourselves as 
well as to others. Wherever many good people work 
together there may be misunderstandings and peace 
may not always prevail. It is not surprising that in the 
frailty of our humanity difficulties and troubles should 
come into a small or a large congregation. 

But in this little kingdom that is within us there is no 
necessity for such jarring and difficulties as come into 
the churches of the children of God here upon earth. 
The Spirit of God within us makes no mistake, the 
law of the Lord "is perfect, and if the subject obeys the 
law and is loyal to the Spirit, everything within tins 
kingdom in our heart will be peace and happiness. In 
the church we can not always have everything just as 
we think it should be, but in this kingdom within us we 
can have it all as clean, as pure and as holy as we wish 
it to he. If our kingdom fails to come up to this high 
standard we know that no one but to blame. 
If we get this kingdom as nearly perfect as we wish 
it to be then we are ready to be good subjects of the 
church militant below ; but what is still more, we are 
prepared and qualified to be fit subjects for the king- 
dom triumphant above. 

Chico. Calif. „►. 

Reading the Bible 


If the Christian wants to grow spiritually the best 
plan is to read a few chapters from the Bible daily. 
The reading four chapters from the Bible each day en- 
ables one to read it through in less than a year. 

A fourteen-year-old girl, after accepting Christ de- 
cided to read ten chapters each day. Not so long ago a 
little girl eight years old decided upon the plan of read- 
ing three chapters for each week day and five chapters 
on Sunday. By using this plan she will read the Bible 
through in a year. Her mother is using the same plan. 
A high school student heard of the plan for reading 
the Bible through in a year. Thinking the plan a good 
one he attempted it. He liked it so much that he re- 
solved to follow it again. 

One time George Miiller was telling a friend how 
his faith had greatly increased in the previous twenty- 
five years. His friend asked him to state his reason 
for the increase of faith, and-he held up his much used 
Bible and said : " My friend, I have read that Book 
through one hundred times. / know the Book: and I 
know the God of 1he Book." 

Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman, on being asked once what 
the secret of his power was, he replied: " I find that I 
have power just in proportion as my soul is saturated 
through and through with the word of God." 

The word of God is the sword of the Spirit. We 
should use the sword. By knowing the Book we can 
use it more readily. 

Dr. R. A. Torrey had a desire for more faith that he 
might accomplish greater things for Christ. In trying 
to work up and pump up his faith he was not success- 
ful. The thought of reading the Bible more extensive- 
ly presented itself. His soul was saturated more fully 
with the word and his faith increased accordingly. 

Once a man and his wife resolved on their wedding 
day to read the Bible through each year. This man 
was the Lord Chancellor of England. This statement 
was read in one of his journals: "This day my wife 
and I finished reading the Bible through for the forti- 
eth time, and the last time we read it, if was sweeter 
and more precious Own ever before." 

If we choose to read the Bible the Spirit will be our 
Teacher. If the reading seems difficult God will give 
us wisdom and understanding liberally if we ask for 
them. The word is the power of God unto salvation. 

is our spiritual food. It gives us peace, faith, hope, 
wisdom, and knowledge. The Bible contains the things 
for the Christian to do. These things are the com- 
mandments. The Bible contains the rewards for the 
obedient. Rich promises for the righteous to obtain 
right now are found in this wonderful Book. 

Mountain_Grove, Mo. 

A Lesson F'om Darius 


•• And he labored till the going down of the sun to 
deliver him" (Dan. 6: 14). These words tell of the 
desperate but futile efforts of Darius, king of the 
Medes and Persians, to undo an act that had brought 
the death sentence on a trusted and innocent servant, 

Daniel. „ 

Through praise and flattery, jealous officers in 
Darius' kingdom had trapped him into signing a decree 
that caught their intended victim. When Darius real- 
ized what had been done he was angry and troubled. 
How he tried to undo that death sentence, to find some 
way around it or out of it ! As if he might forget, he 
was reminded that any law of the Medes and Persians 
was irrevocable. That he had been ensnared into sign- 
ing it made no difference. His own act had put it be- 
yond his power to recall. . 

With his own efforts unavailing, he calls on Daniel s 
God to save- him (Daniel) from the death penalty. 
Then he spent a sleepless night, doubtless in penitent 
meditation. And what rejoicing in the morning when 
he found that Daniel's God was more powerful than 
the king and the unalterable laws of his kingdom! 

We may think it was very foolish to have such a law 
about law. We' may feel glad that we have progressed 
far beyond such ancient ideas. But if we will but con- 
sider a moment, we will realize that mankind uni- 
versally is under a law that is similar, one which is 
forcibly illustrated by this incident. 

It is the law of sin from which none are free- 
neither the highest nor the lowest. There is a tendency 
today not to call sin by its name, to look upon many 
phases of it with much tolerance, not to consider it as 
deadly as it was once thought to be. But this condi- 
tion only shows its great deceptive power. And in 
consequence men should be all the more earnestly 
warned against it. 

When sin entered the Garden of Eden it brought 
with it the death penalty. " But of the tree of the 
knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: 
for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely 
die" (Gen. 2:17). "The soul that sinneth it shall 
die " (Ezek. 18:20). " Wherefore as by one man sin 
entered into the world and death by sin ; and so death 
passed upon all men, for that all have sinned " (Rom. 
5 : 12) . " The wages of sin is death " (Rom. 6 : 23) . 

Like the law of the Medes and Persians it is un- 
alterable by man himself. Like Darius we could labor 
" till the going down of the sun " to deliver from its 
penalty but without avail. Only God can rescind the 
death sentence and save. He always left the way open 
for man to come to him through faith and repentance. - 
" When the wicked man turneth away from his wicked- 
ness . . -he shall save his soul alive " (Ezek. 18: 


Since the promised Redeemer came, it is through his 
blood shed for the remission of sins that we can claim 
freedom from this law of sin and death. " And thou 
shalt call his name Jesus; for he shall save his people 
from their sins " (Matt. 1 : 21). " And that repentance 
and remission of sins should be preached in h.s name 
among all the nations " (Luke 24: 47). " The gift of 
God is eternal life through Jesus Christ" (Rom.. 6: 
23). But how many scorn this, the only way to escape 
the death penalty of sin ! 

Again, like Darius, no matter how or through whom 
we may be ensnared into sinning, we are responsible 
for our acts. We sign the decree, hence must bear the 
consequences. " But every man shall die. for his own 
sin" (2 Chron. 25:4). Likewise each one must re- 
pent to be saved. Another can not do it for him. 

There is another phase of this incident about Darius 
that should not be overlooked. While God did what 



-revoke the death penalty— yet it did 

'' t "vent he provisions of the decree from being car 

Tout Daniel had to spend the night in the lions 

^Darius was the one who suffered thereby, not 

D E«ry sin brings loss and snffenng, in which others 

, Zve to share. The consequence of sin is one of 

fbW assets. But generally this phase of it is 

'^^rf^futtrvant Moses home after 
death but the sentence for his disobedience was earned 
n full before he left this world. When David re- 
Tented of his loathsome sin, God kept h,s promise and 
™ked the death sentence which it entailed, but it 
Sequences shadowed the rest of his life. The 
Lord shall never depart from thine bouse (2 Sam. 

12 When Judas realized the blackness of the sin he had 
committed, he returned the pieces of silver but this 
did not undo his act. His remorse over its conse- 
quences was more than he could bear. So he hanged 
„ me lf A murderer can be forgiven but he can not 
restore the life he has taken. The consequences of sin 
« as irrevocable as the law of the Medes and Persians. 
When there is repentance for sin, we like Darius 
should make right the wrong we have done as far as 
lies in our power-bring forth fruits meet for repent- 
ance-but like Darius, that which we can not undo is 
likely to cause us sleepless nights. 

As we look about us we can see bodies and lives 
scarred by sin, marks left that will be carried through 
life The years that are lost through living in sin can 
notbe regained. Only what are left can be given to God. 
As we read the papers we learn of many who labor 
« till the going down of the sun " to undo or escape the 
consequences of some sinful act. These cover the 
whole range of sin. Great sums of money are ex- 
pended. The best legal talent is hired. And withou 
doubt sleepless nights are spent. But as in the case of 
Darius, it ofttimes does not avail. 

May we proclaim the deadliness of sin, its curse and 
its blight. It causes others to suffer, the same as right 
living benefits others. Repentance will bring forgive- 
ness but a blotted and marred life will fall short of its 
highest possibilities. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

We may therefore know why he cried to his disci- 
ples "What! could ye not watch with me one hour . 
His'loneliness seems to reach its climax when even God 
the Father appeared to forsake him. The loneliness 
of this hour must have reached its climax when he 
cried out, " My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken 
me?" This he chose to experience that he might taste 
of the depths of the hour of death and be able to go 
with us and sympathize with us when all our friends 
are unable to go with us. He does not need to stop 
short of the end but can really go with us all the way, 
in loneliness as well as in pain. 

The loneliness of death is more painful than physi- 
cal pain. Jesus takes it all away or carries it for us. 
He had personal experience. "What! could ye not 
watch with me one hour ?" 

Jesus has gone ahead and endured it all to prepare 

the hour for us. Blessed be his name forever and ever ! 

Lexington, Ky 

The Loneliness of Jesus' Death 


We do not know what Jesus suffered in Gethsemane, 
nor ever shall know how great his suffering was. But 
we may get a glimpse of it when he said to his disciples, 
" What! could ye not watch with me one hour?" 

He was alone in the hour of death and was seeking 
sympathy from his most intimate and beloved disci- 
ples. He seemed surprised to know that they could not 
go with him any nearer to the brink of the tomb and 
there sympathize with him in his suffering for the sins 
of the world through the agony of Gethsemane. 

Jesus chose to go through awful hours. He was not 
forced to go. He purchased our full redemption to 
make it possible for us to pass through death's door 
without our friends. If it were not for Jesus seeking 
the sympathy of his close friends, and not securing it 
but passing through alone, there would be a lonely 
hour for the redeemed ones, one that not even Jesus 
could supply. Not that he sought sympathy that was 
not forthcoming for him, he is able to do for us a 
thing that we need and long for in the hour of death. 

Our dearest friends do all they can to soften the 
loneliness of death, but without experience we do not 
know how lonely it is. Jesus suffered the loneliness of 
death. He passed that lonely way himself for the 
benefit of all his redeemed ones. We would have to 
pass that lonely way totally alone if Jesus had not 
found it and endured it. Jesus has gone over the way 
alone. He makes it possible for us to pass through it 
with him. He promises to be with us. All other 
friends must stop at the brink of the grave as did his 
three disciples. So Jesus passed through the dark val- 
ley, through the chilly waters alone to complete our 

The Supreme Factor 


In every great enterprise, organization or associated 
body of men there is always some supreme aim, object 
or factor that characterizes and distinguishes it and 
conditions its success. Even God's work is no excep- 
tion to this rule. His supreme object in regard to the 
human race is expressed in John 3:16: For God so 
loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son that 
whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have 
everlasting life." The supreme object as here indicated 
was to redeem the human race if it cost the greatest 
Sacrifice God could make or the greatest Gift heaven 
could bestow-the Gift and Sacrifice of Gods only 

Son. , t « v. 

Paul in writing to the Corinthian church says . Ye 
are our epistle. . . . known and read of all men. 
They had some distinguishing mark by which they were 
known as Christians. Every Christian denomination 
has some distinguishing characteristic, something dif- 
ferent from all others or some tenet on which it de- 
pends for its success. The Catholic Church claims to 
be the only church which has had a continuous ex- 
istence since it was organized by Christ therefore -.* 
must be the only true church. The Lutheran Church 
teaches that the Catholic Church became so corrupt that 
it no longer was the church of Christ, hence the su- 
preme object of Luther was to eliminate all the evil 
practices and false doctrines of the Catholic Church and 
organize a reformed church. The Presbyterian Church 
through Calvin accepted the reformation wrought out 
by Luther, but thought it necessary to adopt foreknowl- 
edge predestination and reprobation as outstanding 
pelts of doctrine. The Baptist Church stands on the 
practice of baptism by immersion as a special tenet 
Thus we might go on pointing out the distinguishing 
doctrine of each denomination until we came to the 
Church of the Brethren. When the Church of the 
Brethren was organized in Germany in 1708, its found- 
ers had studied the creeds of every denomination and 
could find no denomination that observed all the or- 
dinances and instructions of Christ. They studie d he 
Bible and decided to organize themselves into a church 
and adopt the New Testament in its entirety as the, 
only creed, also to teach and practice every ordinance 
and instruction which Christ had given including non- 
resistance, nonswearing, nonconformity to the world, 
trine immersion, feet-washing, the Lord s supper, the 
communion and anointing the sick with oilin the name 
of the Lord as the distinguishing marks of the church 
Persecution drove them out of Europe to the U ited 
States After the Revolutionary War, when all the 
leaders who h,.d college and university training had 
died the ministers were chosen from the laity withou 
any special literary training, but they studied the Bible 
and shunned not to declare the whole counsel of God 
Though they were unskilled in forensic discussion, they 
could hold their own in debate with trained preachers 
of other denominations by quoting the scriptures ™ 
which they stood. For more than fifty years, without 
he aid of salary or special financial aid our pioneer 
preachers succeeded in planting churches across the 

continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific by preaching 
the distinctive doctrine of the church. All the denomi- 
nations which make their distinctive doctrines promi- 
nent are the most successful. The Baptists who em- 
phasize baptism by immersion and will receive no one 
into membership without it, had the largest per cent of 
increase to their membership of any denomination in 
the United States last year. The Catholics who stand 
equally firm on their outstanding doctrine were second. 
The Seventh Day Adventists who preach the second 
coming of Christ and the keeping of the seventh day as 
their distinctive doctrines have more than doubled their 
membership during the last generation and have mis- 
sionaries in every civilized country in the world. The 
Friends do not advertise their denominational peculi- 
arity • they prefer to be known by what they do rather 
than by what they might say, and during the recent 
World War and since have done more charitable work 
than any other denomination according to their nu- 
merical strength; yet they lost in membership during 
last year. It is the preaching of one's distinguishing 
doctrine that counts. 

Last summer we had an opportunity to notice the 
effect of preaching the distinguishing doctrine of our 
church. In a large city where our Brethren have been 
preaching for more than thirty years, they have a 
splendid church building with all the equipments one 
should wish, an excellent choir, one of the ablest pas- 
tors in the Brotherhood, yet the membership is less 
than two hundred. Three squares from the church 
building of our Brethren lives the pastor of the Breth- 
ren (Progressive) Church, having a membership of 
more than eight hundred and a mission point in another 
part of the city of over a hundred members. We asked 
this pastor the secret of his success. This is what he 
said ■ " I came here sixteen years ago and found six 
of our members, and began preaching the doctrine of 
our church." We asked what he meant by that doc- 
trine He said : " The doctrine which the founders of 
the Brethren Church adopted in Germany more than 
two hundred years ago, namely: nonresistance, non- 
swearing, nonconformity to the world, trine immer- 
sion, feet-washing, the Lord's supper, the communion, 
and anointing the sick with oil in the name of the 
Lord I tell the people we are the only church that ob- 
serves all the commandments of Christ and if they 
want to follow Christ completely they must come to us 
and they come." 

In another large city the Church of the Brethren 
has a membership of between four and five hundred. 
The Brethren Church has been preaching there less 
than half as long and have about nine hundred members. 
They have the largest church building and largest Sun- 
day-school in the city. Not long ago we read in the 
Messenger that the Church of the Brethren held a re- 
vival and baptized twelve. Soon after the Brethren 
Church also held a revival but baptized seventy. We 
wrote to one of our elders in that District to know the 
secret of the Brethren's success and received the reply 
that they had an able expounder of the Brethren's doc- 


The importance of preaching the distinctive doctrine 
of the Church of the Brethren was illustrated in our 
congregation here in Fruita, several years ago The 
M E Church, which is the largest in our city, held a 
two weeks' revival meeting, but did not receive a single 
convert. Following them, the Baptists held a two 
weeks' revival, conducted by an able speaker, and bap- 
tized twelve, mostly their own members' children. Im- 
mediately following the Baptists a minister of the 
Church of the Brethren began a revival meeting and 
preached the Brethren's doctrine. Almost from the 
beginning he had a large audience. He preached our 
doctrine in such a pleasant way that he gave no offense. 
At the end of two weeks, after the other denominations 
had done their best, he baptized forty-two. This is 
iust an illustration of what our evangelists can do by 
preaching our distinctive doctrine. There is no reason 
why we should not receive twice as many members each 
year if all our evangelists would preach our distinctive 
doctrine as did our pioneer preachers. 
Fruita, Colo. 





" Excess Baggage " 

(Continued From Page « 

fc be thus re^ed by others. BuU*et™*c™sW 

,o the earth, they'll nse again, and be all 

for all time, of the church starker, and knockers V 
dlur che 5 are doomed f.^^^fj^ 
rXht^nTo^ol^eVo, Chris, must co, 
tinue to sta'nd open in vain un.ess we can rally suffi- 
cient forces in the churches to enter them 

Fortunately, there is a way out of the diffi a ty. 
ThereTa 1; to get rid of the " excess baggage that 
J £ Z ™m y and S su P p.ies nothing of *e matenal and 
person^ needs of the kingdom. The way ,s o d nd y 
Lw I Let the churches canvass their membership oils 
Wfind all the shirkers and knockers. Then call an 
old fashioned church council and let 'hem understand 
that no more "excess baggage" is to be transport ed 
Such procedure, if conducted ,n the spirit of Chr st. 
will do more to arouse the indifferent members and eu- 
list them in forms of useful service in the kingdom 
than aU the free rides, and suppers any church could 

""yes there would be an interesting time in some of 
our churches if slate cleaning should commence. But 
even the Shirkers have common sense, and their exer- 
cise of it in the last moment, would draw the fire and 
thus prevent the spreading of the great conflagration 
so much dreaded by timid souls. A living sacrifice ,s 
the life poured out in loving ministry for others. How 
often our own lives are impoverished because we re- 
serve them for ourselves. 
Newbcrg, Oregon. 

if we do his will'he will be with us always even unto 
the end of the world. 

■'I am singing on my journey 
Glad, triumphant songs today; 
For my Lord keeps every promise, 
As I follow and obey." 

Shirleysburg, Pa 


God's Promises Are Sure 


There are all kinds of people in the world. Many 
of them are honest and some are dishonest. Some of 
them are very particular about living up to their prom- 
ises and some are just the reverse. You have met 
them, I have met them, and all over the world they are 
the same. And such is the weakness of those who do 
not have high ideals of life, and who live for their own 
selfish purposes. The influence of such lives does not 
contribute to the uplift of humanity. Our great Teach- 
er and Master demands truthfulness, uprightness, in- 
tegrity and such only will meet his approbation. 

But while all realize that this is a condition of a sin- 
ful world, we are glad we can attest to the value and 
preciousness of God's promises. They -never fail. It 
is our stupidity and blindness that hinder us from en- 
joying them in their fulness. Who that has in sinceri- 
ty and humility consecrated himself to his cause and 
keeping, and who has tried to obey his teachings, can 
say he has failed to do his part? None. God's prom- 
ises are sure and steadfast, and he never makes mis- 
takes but is very jealous of his word. He wants it 
obeyed by those who profess to do so. Obedience to 
his word is demanded and he does not give any unjust 

" Come unto me, all ye that are heavy laden and 
weary, and I will give you rest." The language implies 
that we will come to the time when the pleasures of 
this world will not be satisfying; that we will desire 
something higher and better, and then how soothing 
and comforting is the promise that rest from this con- 
dition will be supplied freely if we accept the terms 
upon which it is given; turn from the evil ways and 
try to live to his honor and glory. 

The Bible is full of promises and they are sure, but 
he wants his people to honor him by obedience to his 
word. He tells us that they that keep his command- 
ments are those that love him, and if we know these 
things we are happy in doing them. The child that 
loves its parents will try to obey them and such is true 
of those who are striving for a heavenly home. Satan 
is always busy making suggestions and trying to get 
people to worship him, but we must remember he is a 
destroyer, and listen to the promises of him who says 

E Slifcr, the last of twenty 
^■n'Ss" mind the' early ^ history of the 
Ivester community, when the Ivester Church of the Bret! 
en formerly the Grundy County church, was organized „ 
c 1 ZZr 1S67 in a shed covered with prairie hay, at the 
ST Sh^r pTacr Eld. ,*. Murray o< M— wn 
was in charge. The 6rs. love feast was held at ^ 
with about forty members participating. There were twenty 
charter members in this first organization. 

In the early days of the Brethren tt was served by a free 
mnistry. Men v*rc called to the ministry to serve the 
cZch in the capacity of elder and minister and they did 
Me pa "o a, work. They supported themselves by farm- 
rand prepared their Sunday messages by the burning of 
Tafe „igh P t and early morning oil. The *r s, Joeal — 
and elder to act in that capacity was Eld. Henry Strickler. 
The church continued to meet a. the Daniel Shellcr P ace 
and hod its love feasts annually. At the third annual love 
Ls. Simon Arnold was elected to the office o deacon^ The 
following year, 1870, another minister was called fronMhe 
chur group to assist Eld. Strickler in the work of the nun- 
s,ry Jacob Shirk was the man called at this time. During 
' his same year the church began evangelistic activities. 
Stephen Yoder came and conducted an evangelistic meeting. 
This first meeting was held in a schoolhouse in the com- 

m The y Sunday-school was organized the year following the 
building of the church, 1887. John Rudy was the first super- 
intendent to serve. The school was composed of six c asses 
a", in one department. I. was no, until 1911 that a primary 
department was organized with Mrs. Charles Messer as the 
first superintendent. At the present time the school has a 
primary department composed of "ve classes, i > J»»>°'J'- 
partment composed of four classes, and an adu department 
composed of eight classes. The present enrollment in the 
Sunday-school is well over two hundred. Clarence Hogle 
is the adult and general superintendent. 

In 1878 additional ministerial help moved into the com- 
munity in the person of Paul Wetzel. Bro. Wetzel came 
from Lena, 111. He was a valuable help to the men who 
were already serving. During the following year, 1879, the 
church held its first evangelistic meeting in the new church, 
the second for the organization in the community. The 
campaign was very successful and twenty-nine members 
were added to the church. 

In 1886 William Albright was called to the ministry and in 
the following year the evangelistic activities of the church 
were carried on by Bro. I. J. Rosenberger of Ohio. 

From 1868 until 1889 Eld. H. P. Strickler had been the 
elder in charge of the work. The growth of the church 
had been steady under his leadership. It was after a period of 
twenty-one years of faithful service that he resigned and 
Steven Johnson of Garrison, Iowa, was elected to the office 
of elder. He held this office until 1899 at which lime he 
moved to Idaho. 

In the next period of ten years- the church continued a 
steady growth under the leadership of such men as Elders 
Samuel Bowser, W. H. Lichty, of Waterloo, and J. H. 

Up to this time. 1911, the church had been served by the 
free ministry; now the church came to feel that they needed 
some one to give them pastoral care and I. W. Brubaker 
was called as the first salaried minister and pastor. The 
following year a new church was erected just west of where 
the old church stood. The new church was dedicated Sept. 
29, 1912. Galen B. Royer of Elgin, 111., gave the dedicatory 
address. During the following week the District conference 
was held here, and just following the conference Bro. Royer 
conducted an evangelistic meeting which resulted in the 
largest ingathering in the history of the church. Fifty- 
four were added to the membership of the church at that 
time. A year or two later the church built a modern par- 
sonage which added greatly to the efficiency of the church 
property. Bro. Brubaker served the church until the spring 
of 1916. 

D. Warren Shock was the second pastor to serve the 
church. His ministry was a period of continued growth for 
the church. 

During this period, 1917, the fiftieth anniversary of the 
church was celebrated on. Sept. 30. 

The third pastor was Bro. D. H. Keller, who served from 
June 1919 to September 1922. It was in the beginning of 
Bro. Keller's ministry here that two young people from this 

community pledged their services as missionaries to Cliina^ 
Bro. Har.a„ P S„iit„ and Frances Sheller Sm„h jere 4. go 
to offer their services. They were sent to the Chma field 
under the supervision of .1,= Brethren Genera Mission 
Board. From the first the Ivester Sunday-school assumed 
the responsibility for their support. 

In September 1922 Bro. I. D. Leatherman came as pastor 
Bro. Leatherman remained with the church for 
years of fruitful service. During his ministry here the 
church has grown to a membership of over three hundred. 
New departments of the Sunday-school were organized 
and the B. Y. P. D., a young people's organization, was 

Bro D. C. Gnagy, the present pastor, succeeded Bro. 
Leatherman as pastor in September, 1929,-Wellsburg Her- 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

Church officers were 

. Walter Root, church 

Moomaw, trus- 

he pastor, Bro. Geo. 

remodel the 


of Fresno 

whom have _- 

connected with the church. 

Armenian girl, who ' 

of our Sunday-: 

pletes a family 



MtFarland church met in council Nov. 29. 
elected for the year: Bro. Glen Montz. elder; B 
clerk; Sister Agnes Moomaw, correspondent; 
tee Our love feast was held Oct. 16 with 
Hilton, officiating. Sometime ago we decided 
basement. The work has .go ne on stead, y and « «« ^ 

^JSS^S^ *H at: The Aid has worked very 
diligently to help finance this project-Mr* Ella Holl.nger, Mo 
Farland, Calif., Dec. 27. 

Pon.ona.-At our last members' meeting a choice was made or two 
deacons: Brethren Bertram Belts and Joel Bowser. Bro Betts and 
wife were received into office at this meeting and Bro Bowstr and 
wife were received the following Sunday. Brethren S. J. Miller and 
T P. Dickey of La Verne were in charge of the installation service. 
Our communion service was- an enjoyable one with Pastor A 0. 
Brubaker officiating, assisted by Bro. Keltner of Illinois and our 
home ministers. Dec. 21 a Christmas pageant was g.ven by the 
young people. The next evening the children rendered a good pro- 
gram.— Clara B. Wolf, Pomona, Calif., Dec. 30. 

Raisin City church met in council Dec. 10. Plans arc being made 
to hold a union revival meeting in the near future. The union 
Thanksgiving service was well attended. Rev. H -Cans, of the 
Methodist church, delivered the message. Dec. 11 M«, J. B. 
Flickinger and her class of young people entertained the mem- 
bers of the church at a turkey dinner. Afterward everyone en- 
joyed the program given by the young people. The deputation team 
from La Verne College will give their program at Raisin City on 
Jan. 4.— Mrs. J. N. Young, Raisin City, Calif., Dec. 26. 
Reedley.— We enjoyed a two weeks' revival with Bro. Leo Miller 
evangelist. Thirteen accepted Christ, twelve of 
baptized. Several new homes have thus been 
~ne of those received is a young 
of her race is a regular attendant 
:hool. A brother was reclaimed; his return com- 
i Christ. Bro. Miller's labors among us were much 
-„.er Ina Marshburn Kaylor was with us at the time 
love feast in November and gave a vivid account of some of 
her India experiences. Elder and Sister J. O. Strcetcr of Chcwelah, 
Wash., who have lived among us for more than a year, have de- 
parted. Bro. Streeter had charge of the Sunday evening preaching 
service during the year. The deputation team from La Verne Col- 
lege gave a fine program here yesterday on The Satisfying Christ. 
Church officers were elected at our recent council.— Mrs. Mamie 
Sink, Reedley, Calif., Dec. 28. 

Waterford— The joint Sunday-school convention of the Water- 
ford Empire, Patterson, Modesto and Oakland churches was held 
here Nov. 24. The theme for the morning and afternoon sessions was 
Love. A pageant, The Torch of Truth, was given by the young 
people in the evening. Dec. 1 in the morning Bro. D. T. Dierdorff of 
Surrey, N. Dak., preached on The Home; in the evening on the 
subject. The Evil Day. We held our love feast Dec. 7, an all-day 
meeting. Brother and Sister Kaylor, returned missionaries from 
India, gave us some very interesting talks about their work in In- 
dia. Bro. Kaylor also officiated at the evening service. Dec. 8 our 
Christian Workers rendered a short missionary program. Dec. IS 
Bro. John Peters from Wcnatcliee. Wash., gave us an inspiring 
sermon on The Engrafted Word. Dec. 22 we rendered our Christmas 
program. Dec. 13 Bro. Zimmerman of Long Beach, Cahf., began a 
Bible Normal, with a session in the afternoon and also in the 
evening.— Mrs. Alice Baker, Waterford, Calif., Dec. 31. 


McClave church met in council Dec. 28. Church officers were 
chosen for the year, Eld. W. D. Harris being reelected. Paul 
is secretary; Paul Sncad, correspondent, and W. D.' Harris, Messen- 
ger agent.-Mrs. W. H. Kincaid, McClave, Colo., Dec. 31. 


day County church met in council Dec. 14. An election for offi- 
cers was held resulting as follows: Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. 
Roy Baxley; church clerk, Sister Clauda Baxley; trustee, Ava Bax- 
ley- elder A. D. Crist; Messenger agent. T. E. Jenkms; correspondent, 
the' writer.-Mrs. M. B. Jenkins, Doctors Inlet, Fla. ( Dec. 31. 

Sunnyland.-Our little tcliurch is moving along very nicely; the at- 
tendance has been kecking up very well. We had a nice program 
on Thanksgiving with a social hour at noon. We had a very m- 
suiring program for the Christmas season Dec. 22. Ihen on Cnr.s - 
mas eve we had a community tree lor the children at the school- 
houw.-Mrs. Anna Rigler, Sunnyland, Fla., Dec. 31. 
Nwnp*.-Dec. 10 and 11 Dr. Cuy Fitch Phelps of Salem, Ore., a 
strong defender of fundamentals, gave two nights to our church. 
Dec 2° Dr. E. J. Bulgin. evangelist rf Portland, stopped -th US on 
his trip home for Christmas, after a big campaign in New ^8^- 
Saturday night he had a large audience in the U. P. church. Sun- 
day he pr«ched at three churches-Firs, Presbyterian, Brethren and 
XT Th ,„ werc several conversions and the Lord's work was 

J"a""helpeo in N»mpa.-H. H. Keim. Nampa, Idaho, Dee. 30. 


AUUoo Fr»H« church met in business meeting Dec 14. The fol- 
lownrTchurch officer, were reelected: N. H. Miller, elder: Wm. D.l. 
I." Messenger agent and correspondent: Ernest Frye ■. •'«"»• 
The Junior League gave a fine program Dec. 1. The children were 
given qu.rler. last spring to invest a. missionary money and $37 
was raised. The children greatly enjoyed the work and are animus 
to do something the coming year. Our pastor has started to edit a 
community paper. The Assistant Tastor and tt ,s « fine little 
paper-Mrs. Dollie M. Elder. Lawrencevilfe, Dl.. Dec. 21. 

Cherry Grove church enjoyed a very spiritual service on Think.- 
giving Day. Short addresses were given by Sister Ldhe Fimfrock 
and Brethren Chas. Delp and I. R. Young. A liberal offering was 
lifted for missions. Our quarterly business meeting was held Dec. 
14 Sisters Vinnie Brunner and Bertha Zuck were elected presi- 
dents of our Christian Workers. The Aid is doing some good work. 
During the year we paid $50 on the pastor's salary and $50 on a new 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1930 


i.«? "'"LT^t 



i the church, besides a number of smaller 
,chool lurrdshed Bclhouy Bible School with 
, r On Sunday morning:, Dec. 22, our attendance 
„ Christma. d inner. £» m(i , amily ,„eived two ba.keis 

*'« I™' t„ .1. "coin, n large audience li.l.ned to the pageant. 
nUl'Io, Ci,'r'».m^ 1 ?ande Dc.rd.rrt, Lanark, HI.. Dec. 26. 


i m „t in council Dec. 14. For the past two yeais 

»*" "*""", "' »o,nc help irom the Mission Board. 

* S ' , ""*,;™,t »» rc.pon.ibili.y lor the work. Bro J. O. 

0U t n now assuming . finance board pre- 

w 'rd'.,nuSr n w.s r war.:crp,= y d ., ..* =.»«*. s.». - 

„ g „lar »' ,e ™;™\ 1 ^ ir „lcre»l and help in putting on the ?««».-'■ 
y rV,.c also helped materially in bearing the expense 1 ol church 
Th ,y have y^Jj Nortll Manchester, Ind., Dee. 26. 

baker, plan" djo g o| sis „, r Stu( j chak „., nines, the 

„„or to Lhr,s ™",. ° d u Bro S A . Hylton filled the pulpit on Dec. 
T Th."lTy» Ci ct and Aid Society gave ,26 to the Aid Society 
indolmen. fund ol the Aged Person,' Home, Middle t°»». '»°. » 
tnUowmcn „ . h [ scholars, ncluding members and Inends, 

'"'"T'Cnr stma g I. to each ol the' fourteen adult, and the twenty 
fite chiSr"" ol the Home-Mr.. Ella Bower,. Indianapoh.. Ind., 

™V We were very much stirred by Bro. Miller's three message, 
1 fie day which made a good opening for our series of meeting, 

i En the evening ol the 2nd. The meeting, were con- 

duced by" Eld C. H. F.fry of Ohio and closed the 15th with good 
ducted oy dJ s lo „, e church by baptism, four 

«« head. 0. S»UioT"nd the other, Sunday.chool scholar,. Dec 
? „ our bu ines, meeting ' members ol the different commtltee, of 
,|,/cuurcl, we" elected for the year.-Ca.harine Stout,, 
l„d„ Dec. 28. ' 

Pleasant View.-Nov. 17 a group of lour young people from Man- 
cbesW College gave u, a program „ £^0" *^* ™J l ,™ 

charcr. tor^be\ear" The'lidTsTomf some good' work. They have 

ecentb- P»P -d the church. We have also installed a new lurnace. 

C night we enjoyed a program given by the young people 

We also had the white gift offering, which w» grven to the General 

,„„, nddress. Oct. 37, which was enjoyed by all.-Grace B. 
Kimmel, Sheldon, Iowa, Dec. 30. 


Burr Oak church met in council Dec. 22. Bro. Earl Jarboe was re- 
elected elder; church officers and a program committee also were 
cho.en. Good report, were given by the various aaaa**!.. X.t 
tcrs of membership were granted to Bro. Moms and family; we re- 
gret to see our members move away as it leaves our congregation 
Sort of worker,. The commit... will try and ..cure Mm ««»*<*» 
lor a revival meeting to be held ,om. tim. during the year. We 
feel 'that much good ha, been don. during th. year and we hope for 
a better and greater work for the new ycar.-Hr,. Ldhan Mohler, 
Burr Oak. Kans., Dec. 31. 

r,i.-,l„„» church met in council Dec. 7. and elected church of- 
ficer. £ o Quincy Seed wa, elected elder; Bro. Tom Reed, church 
clerk; Sister Mabel Reed, Messenger agent; and the writer, cor- 
respondent. Bro. E. M. Reed had been our elder but on account ol 
hi. wile's they had to leave the larm and moved to lo 
peka. They were both good earnest workers in the church and 
are greatly missed. We decided to take up a collection on Chris ma, 
eve to help rai.e the deficit. We elected Sunday.chool officer, lor 
th. year, Bro. W. H. Hutchison, being superintendent. We would 
appreciate having ministering brethren stop and meet with u, - 

.nlendid Christmas sermon on Sunday morning, Dec. 22. Bro. Byer 
i, now engaged a. expression teacher in the state school at Canyon 
Tex. We are looking forward to the revival effort beginning March 
S to be conducted by Bro. Ralph G. Brethren passing tkU 

Is She wJtera division of the TranKOntinenta. Air Transportation 
line from New York to I»s Angeles and pre* nts quite an mt erest- 
ins scene to the traveler.-Mrs. Katie (Smith) Call, Clovis. N. Mex., 



. 14. 

. W. J. 

:. Hutchis 

, Tlianksg 
g another 

, Galesburg, Kan; 

Dec. 26. 

Mission Board. Oui 

and health conditic 
Dec. 31. 

.1 has been good in spite of the roads 

lanche Metzger, North Manchester, Ind., 

Spring Creek.— B 
ginning Dec. 2 and endi 
16t'n, at which a goodly uui 
cessful revival. Thirteen of 
we feel much other good 
and Straightforward sermon; 
het.l Dec. 28 after ' 

McFadden conducted a two weeks' revival be- 

„,!.„«■ with the love feast the evening of the 

uber were present. It was a very suc- 

ir boys and girls were baptized and 

i done by Bro. McFadden's forceful 

Our quarterly business meeting was 

postponed several times. W< 

..Jed to give an Ea.ter program. The following church officer, were 
elected: Bro. Moyne Landis, reelected elder; Mr,. Elsie Poland Me, 
senger agent; the writer, correspondent. Bro. Land., w.l be our 
pastor for another year.-Mr,. Ada Mishler, South Whttley, Ind., 

o weeks' revival service in No- 
3ro. David McFadden of Smith- 
The attendance was good con- 
n council to reorganize 
elder. Our church at- 

Dec. 30. 
Union Center church enjoyed 

vcmljer under the able dircctioi 

vdle, Ohio. Eleven were bapti 

.ilering the severe cold weather. W 

on Dec. 13. Bro. David Miller was 

tendance has fallen quite low because -. 

unable to render our Christmas program because of bad weathi 

-Ruth Frederick, NappaTiee, Ind., Dec. 30. 
Upper Deer Creek church met in council Dec. 7. Church officer, 

were elected as follow,: Bro. Frank Burrou,. clerk; the writer. 

agent and correspondent. Our pastor. Bro. Otto Laursen, and wile, 

have decided to take up lull time work, and since our number is 
■mail and our mission budget greatly increased, we are obliged to 
give up our splendid leader,. We shall mi,, them very much. Nov 
10 our church and Sunday-school held an all-day homecoming and 
rally day with Bro. Meyer of Manchester College as th. principal 
speaker. Eld. Jacob Cripc gave an interesting talk on the early 
day, of our local church. Dec. 3 church members and neighbor, 
gathered at the home of Eld. Jacob Cripc and wife who are to 
spend the winter with their daughter in Kokomo. Brother and 
Sister Laursen conducted a short service and the visitors served re- 
Ircshmcnts. Dec. 8 th. Bylcr family of North Manchester gave us a 
splendid program.-Mr.. Geo. R. Murphy, Lincoln, Ind., Dec. 31. 

West Goshen church met in busines. meeting. Brother and Sister 
Frank Kreider of the Elkhart Valley congregation were present. Ui- 
ficer, tor the work of the church for th. were elected: Bro. 
M. D. Stutsman elder; Bro. Foster Berkey, church clerk; Sister Mm- 
't Boger, Messenger agent; the writer, correspondent We are look- 
g forward to the coming ol Bro. J. W. Fidl.r ol Brookv.lle. Ohm, 
assist in a series ol meetings beginning Jan. 5— Mrs. Clayton A. 
Ganger, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 31. 


Con. church met in council Dec. 7. Church officer, were elected 
as follows: Sister Lulu Smith, clerk; Bro. Allison Wyatt, Messenger 
agent; the undersigned reelected correspondent. New members were 
elected on variou. committees. Three letters were granted. We 
were unable to have any preaching service Nov. 17 owing to the ill- 
ness of our pastor. The children of the beginners, primary and 
junior departments rendered a very impressive and appealing mis- 
sionary and Thanksgiving program Sunday morning. Nov. 24; this 
s followed by an inspiring message by our pastor and an offering 
" he evening a pageant on India was given by 
,s, which was much appreciated. An offering 
was lifted for foreign' missions. Our pastor ha, been giving us a 
series of sermons on the Nativity of the Messiah. Sunday morning, 
Dee. 22, he gave the Christma, message. In the evening the Y. P. 
D, gave a pageant on Nativity ol the King of Peace which was much 
appreciated by the large audience. An offering was lifted for the 
General Mission Board. Dec. 8 the Treasure Seekers' class or Y. P. 
D. dedicated a piano to the church. The Y. P. D. class with their 
Icachcr went out on Christmas eve and sang carols to the shut-ins. 
Sunday morning, Dee. 8. the Aid gave a splendid report of their 
year's work.— Elsie A. Pyle, Greene, Iowa, Dec. 27. 

service. — Mrs. W. 
Sabetha church held a 
Nov 28. In the evening another meeting wa, held which all th 
churche. attended. Dec. 8 wa. go-to-Sunday.chool day for a 
churchea in the county. This was to encourage people to go t 
Sunday-school and church. We h.ld our quarterly business mce 
ing Dec 17. Brother and Sister Edgar Stauffer were ordained tot- 
's eldership. Our Christmas program Dec 23 consisted ol a play 
Ye Who Sit by the Fire, and a white gift service.— Vera Keller, 
Sabetha. Kans., Dec. 25. 

Salem (Community).-The young people held their conference here 
Nov 3. Seven churches were included and live were represented. 
Bro Heckman of McPhcrson gave the address which was very good. 
The young people gave some splendid talks. Dec 8 the missionary 
committee sponsored a play entitled. If They Only Knew No.. IS 
Bro. Schwalm of McPhcrson College gave two splendid addresses and 
a talk to the young people which were much enjoyed by all. Dec. 
22 the children gave a fine Christmas program followed by a 
pageant by the young people. Our Sunday-school superintendent 
for the adult department i, Bro. Campbell; Sister Campbell ■, su- 
perintendent of the children's department. Bro Burg.n lives u, very 
good and helpful sermons. We have set a„de the Sunday-school 
offering, of the first - Sunday of each month for missions.-Mrs. 
Frank McGonigle. Nickerson, Kans., Dec. 30. 

Topek. church met in council Dec. 7. The following officer, were 
elected lor the year: Elder, Roy Kistner; superintendent, H. C_ Tay- 
lor; clerk, H. C. Taylor; the writer. Messenger agent and cor- 
respondent. The work here i. progressing nicely under the efficient 
leadership of Bro. Roy Kistner who has been chosen a, our pastor 
for the year. We feel very much encouraged over the increased in- 
terest and attendance.-Aldia Reed Kaufman. Top.ka. Kan,., Dec. 31. 


Baltimore (First).-W. entertained th. Pioneer District young peo- 
ple's rally Oct. 9 and 10. Saturday evening the group participated in 
a get-together social. Sunday morning there was a special song by 
the Woodberry young people and a sermon by our pastor. Lunch 
was served in the basement of the church. The afternoon ad- 
dress wa, by Dr. J. N. Link, a leader of young people of our city 
and state The evening service of song, wa, brought to us by the 
Black Rock congregation, about thirty -five taking part in the chorus. 
At the close a young man made th. decision lor Christ. Nov. 2S-28 
Bro Erra Flory preached for us. We were favored with some songs 
and special music b, mission worker, of our city We feel the 
meeting, greatly helped all of u.. Several decided for Chnst dur- 
ing this time. On Dec. 8 our pastor baptized six. Our Aid Society 
recently organized and i, .active in helping reduce our church debt.- 
Mrs. E. D. Hunter, Baltimore. Md., Dec. 30. 

Browrcville.-A Junior Church League ha, been organized with 
Sister Dorothy Grayson, adult adviser. Our B. Y. P. D ha, pur- 
chased a fine electric bulletin board for the church. Bro. S. Z. Smith 
and wife of Ohio held a two weeks' series of meeting, at the South 
Brownsville church, doling Dec. 22. The meeting, were attended 
with interest and Brother and Sister Smith labored faithfully. As a 
result seven were received into the church by baptism and three 
were restored. An offering amounting to S74.02 was taken for the 
General Mission Board. The pageant. O Little Town of Bethlehem, 
was rendered by the B. Y. P. D. and Sunday-school on Dec. 23. A 
pageant wa, given at West Brownsville Chri.tma, night and a 
.pecial program at South Brownsville Dec. 26 by the B. Y. P. D and 
Sunday-school of each place. Offering, were taken at all three place, 
for the mission deficit. Sunday-school classes, B. Y. P. D.. Aid 
Society and individual, contributed, making a total ol $155.51.— Mrs. 
Ira L. Kaetzel, Brownsville, Md., Dec. 31. 

ning year. The following offi- 
Ashby Hiatt. reelected church 
Messenger agent; Bro. S. C 

1. Roland Kirkman, reelected 
year.— Mary Lee Durham, Mt. 

lor home : 

... v r of California gave hi9 wonderful chalk talk: 

on Nov. 14 and IS. His picture, were of much val 

vividly. Dec. 22 Bro. Edwin Jar- 
successful revival meeting. Four were 
The community was helped spiritually 
Jarboe did not hesitate to tell both the saint and the ,m- 
aponsibilities and opportunities before God. Bro. Cha. 
giving some fine gospel sermon, this summer and 
progressing. Owing to the revival the chil- 
r Christmas program untU Dec. 29.-Mr,. Fred 
Dec. 30. 

s they brought the les 
hoc and wife closed a vcrv 
baptized into the k 
r of their 

Colyn ha. b 

fall and the work 
dren did not give 
J- Riley. Lenox, It 

Sheldon.— At our last council the officers Were reelected fur six 
month,. Bro. J. E. Rolston also was elected for another year as 
elder. The love least was held Nov. 23 with a good attendance. Bro. 
c E. Kimmel officiated. A service was held Thanksgiving morning, 
Bro. Rolston giving the address. The offering wa, for world-wide 
missions. The Christmas program wa. given Dec. 23. consisting of 
.°ng, and recitations by the children. At the close a play was 
rendered. No Room in the Inn. An offering also was taken. On 
Sunday nights we are taking up the study of the Bible doctrine. 
Bro. H. H. Kimmel of Somerset, Pa., who was visiting here, gave 


Battle Creek congregation enjoyed a lecture Dec. 8 by Bro. Keller, 
our pastor, on the subject of Africa mission work. The large at- 
tendance and good interest were encouraging. Our Sunday-school 
attendance is increasing. The one hundred mark is reached as easily 
now as was fifty three years ago. Everyone seemed to enjoy the 
white gift Christmas .ervice this .ea.on. The General and District 
Mission funds were remembered as well as many needy home, 
among us. At our regular council in December all officers for the 
new year were chosen. Our pastor and associate give us much en- 
enuragement through their strong sermons and optimistic outlook. 
-Mrs. D. P. Schechter. Battle Creek, Mich.. Dec. 31. 

Pontine church met in council Dec. IS. We elected officers for 
the year: Bro. J. M. Deal, clerk; Bro. «ay Fleming, secretary; elder, 
Bro L H Prowant. The church attendance is increasing. One ha, 
been reclaimed and Ihree added by the right hand of fellowship. The 
Junior League pre.ented the primary department with two dozen 
chair.. Our Christma, program Dec. 23 wa, attended by a lull 
house. Any one coming to Pontine and wishing to be one of as, 
plea., let our pastor, Bro. Smith, know. Hi. address .. 59 N. 
Shirley.— Mrs. Ray E. Fleming, Pontiac, Mich.. Dec. 31. 


Root River church held it. regular business meeting Dec. 27. Bro. 
Ray E Zook was chosen elder for the year; Bro. Ed Thatcher was 
reelected church clerk. Our Sunday-school attendance i. good and the 
.chool i. progressing nicely under the supervision ol Bro. J. I. 
Tammel general superintendent. During the year our young people 
have been helping with the support of the Chalmer Shull family o 
India The children have been helping in the Africa work. One of 
our Sunday-school boy. ha. been baptized since the last report- 
Mrs. John W. Ogg, Preston, Minn., Dec. 30. 


Shoal Creek church met in council Dec. 7. Bro. N. S. Cripc wa, 
reelected as mnderator and the writer, Messenger agent and cor- 
respondent. Sunday-school officer, were cho.en with Bro. Oscar 
Argabrigbt. superintendent. We are continuing our prayer meet- 
ing each Thursday evening which seem, to be greatly en,oyed by all 
who attend. The church decided to hold an election «o™.>l">e m the 
near iuture to call a minister. Our ministers feel that they need 
some younger ones coming nn.-Mrs. Wilbert Erisman, Fairview, 
Mo., Dec. 26. 


Clovta -We are enjoying the blessings of a fine open winter with 
health good in general. The attendance at all the services Is _ very 
good. Our Sunday-school record shows an average attendance of over 
100 Dec 22 we presented the cantata. The Story of a Christmas 
Gift We will soon meet to organize our church activities for the 
year Bro. Byer and lamily of Indiana were with us; he gave us a 

Shelton l..- 

Woodie was reelected elder lor the 
cers were elected lor three years: E 
clerk; Sister Maggie Hiatt, reelec 
Cubbage, church correspondent. 
Sunday-school superintendent for o 
Airy, N. C„ Dec. 19. 


Kenxuar. church met in council Dec 28 Plan, are uMer wa, te 
the District Meeting which is to be held here this summer _ Our 
Sunday-school gave a program Thanksgiving also one on Christ- 
mas eve- both were very good and the attendance good, considering 
the road's.-Mrs. Ida Hodgson, Kenmare, N. Dak., Dec. 30. 


Co.mgton.-The annual business meeting at which officers were 
elected lor th. year was held Dec 27. Bro. C. F. McKee our elder, 
had charge of .hi, meeting. On Chn.tma. nigh, a pageant entirt.d 
The Little Boy Nobody Wanted, was given. The "tor, was . tak.n 
from a b.autiful legend ol Denmark. The church choir sang two 
anthems and a group ol intermediate girl, sang carol, before and 
during the pageant.-Eth.I Manning, Covington, Ohio. Dec. 30. 

Donnels CreJ. church enjoyed a love feast Nov. 2 with Bro. Otho 
Winger officiating. Preceding this was an all-day meeting with mes- 
■ ages from Brethren G. E. Yoder and Otho Winger Sunday morn- 
toi Siller Holland Flory gave a talk to the children during the 
Sunday.chool hour. Bro. Winger then brought another message. 
Dec. 4 we met in members' meeting. Bro Cyrus hunderburg was re- 
elected elder for another three year,. Other officers were chosen 
tor the year. Since No.. 10 Bro. L. D. Young ha, been .«"»«" 
part-time pastor. The children and young people gave the Chn.tma, 
pageant. The Birth of Our King, which wa, enjoyed by all.-Ruth 
Dresher, Springfield, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

tUgl. Creek congregation met in council Dec. 27 Variou. church 
officer, were elected, also Sunday-school superintendent. J. J. Angle- 
oyer will continue a, elder and pastor. New plan, were discussed 
in the financial field. Recently the women ol the Aid elected new 
officers Our revival meeting, with John R. Snyder, evangelist, 
closed Dec 5. Seven were feeeived into the church five by bap- 
tism and two renewing their fellowship. We reeved many mes- 
,ag„ Irom the word which we will never iorget.-Ruth H. Roda- 
baugh, Williamatown, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Eaat Dayton.-After several years of planning, saving and work- 
inTSe church i, ready to .tart the new year wit. more room and 
better equipment. During the past summer and fall our church has 
been remodeled; the outside is stuccoed and there are new window. 
The basemen, was made deeper, floor, cemented, walls *"«<<>•' 
makes an ideal place for our primary department. The Aid also uses 
The basemen, lor their work. The main floor ha, four Sunday.chool 
room, beside, the auditorium. All department, classes the V P. 
D junior and adult Christian Workers have helped finance this 
uu'ilding project. The Aid ha. been fa„h ul and worked hard to 
htlo lilt the building debt. Not on. Sunday did wc lail to navt 
setie'e.' in the church while the rem. ,de,ing was « *» We 
v^toThiei? b,3ffatS"«r 2, we me. to, the ded, 

£-l^ . h crowded^ £ ^«2 
were present. In the evening Bro. Ulery began a series ol 
were p.s.s,,. „..!.« He gave u. some wonder- 

tic service, continuing lor two week. ne gave c i, urc h 

-,b„r'upS^h^>„Tf^n^X^, s£ 

S d h ' 0U G". h od ,hl W m e"we, B e' JrraTocd'wi," 52? SS^JTS. 
Gladys Good. We were a » c * anha . Dec. 7 four of 

,°™ S S-i child™ were baptized. In the evening about 
150 members surrounded the Lord's table and enjoyed a love least^ 
On SuTday morning Bro. Ulery preached hi, farewel .crrnon to a 
On =<»«»' ,„„JiTau dlence Dec. 17 at our member.' meeting offi- 

Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 30. 
Faille. <Ohio.-We held our eouncil Dec I. C ^ch ^cers^.ere 

rnTi'ned 'tor 'Ll"^nl sel-tcef I and preached a very spiritual, 
p-n o" T^e CL . Discipdeshi, The %%■££££ £ 
ficers Dec. 29; Bro. Alnert 3tu«.» r ._,], rc d a very interesting 

.;* months Dec. 29 the Sunday-school ren.ierca *?*** ■> 

Chri"ma'. program.-Fred W. Garner. Blis.field, Mich.. Dec. 31 

attended ^^-sSmt ' wal"". 5 '."."evening 3 Bro. C. B 
STo, Bridge, Va- ^g-^ur rev^ meeting^h^reacbed 
eighteen goirpcl sermon, which """""* ""„,,„ community. Be- 
' h ; Pa , S hT.™,;arwre n Ta;izeo! S'ctar* wa, strengthened 
g'rt'tly'Vo'ugh their «rnes, labors^ During the meetm^ tl.e^ 
tendance wa. very good. WH OUT own 
,„d Ea* Dayton, Lower Stillwater We . M ^ 
Georgetown '^W^'CTK all church officer, 
appreciated The church m ^ ^ e , cc|ed p „. 

were elected for the year. r. continue his labor, among us 

siding elder; he ha, also »"'" d » "J" T i c official board felt 
a, part time pastor for which """•",,,,. Brethren Leonard 
Savtolon ^d^alpn-BruSaS " hir witftheir wive, were duly 

g; A ^.ciirnuei-LY ^ ssirrcWTs: 

"pcX G~v. (Ohio,.-Our love -east in Cjtober J" «£>«££< 

with Bro. L. H. Eb, of North Mar, iches iter office I. .we 

many enjoyable thing, at our church this Ml and wn ^ 


in cash, was brought together .». * «JV m£uon. The sister, 

patronized by the town people atyi iMtted them A] , 

adopted the budge, system to, this year u ng 

are working hard to WPJ »« m ™' C n, cat,, Thi, wa, an unu.ual.y 

possible. Bro. L L Erbaugh o rte Union C.y JJ^^J, 
partor exchanged pulpit, lor the mo '"' n « „ M w ,, Wa|r . 

the young people, the cornm, '« "«'°™ ™ . „, , ,„;„, Sun- 
(Continued on Page 32) 





XV \ h T °LrU S ; S ^s™:,, n,ee,in B .here 

ru?*s *>--- ™ mb - from the u,,,ted 

State. . .ef. ** *-*.«-»■ mule pack , 

I, ro a hard thiee ^ ^ JJ mountains . n 

second class passage, as I call "• ° %e , d „, e psth , 

the second day near evening the mults ^ 

W M« passing through the over and - 

nBtt ,,o and one half month £ -don, ^JJ^*"^ 

-tor^e?=X,^, : ^^. o ,is 
no, clear jus, what hawend- There ' . ^ 

.* T1.t» man who died was ^i^ 1 -" y 

— ^Srtdr^r^t 

tragic death which are nam 

leader of the little village group. He was a >° ul ". 

ieaaer ui •.»•- i:**i« (arm work, so tie 

mv prayers tar more than she needs our money 

You wi" rcmemher that I wrote last winter about v 1- 
,age drying us out, giving ns hut three days of grace o 
efve Yesterday for the first time since then we again 


the treatment s, f„ r .:» n . r was most friendly— a 

The feeling toward me, a foreigner, was oresse d 

feeling which did not exist last year We were pressed 

d o go again and stay several days that we had to 

Tronise to E go ,n the near future. God is «*£»£ 

. - „ .« av and will brine blessings to these peo 

ri. m wT:; le lose 1:: H to B h,m so our message car- 

ies the power of the Holy Spirit to .ead people into his 

.. . . Nettie M. Senger. 


Liao Chow, China. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 11. 1930 

r- j'.j Relievers are not their own, 
in Spirit, which are Gods? B < '" irs G ,, ost . And it 

each ones body is the «^*^ti S believing chil- 
is the desire of our heavenlj rather tn ^ 
dren should glorify him in 'heir bod -a. o , 
"What I know ye not that your bo dy t - P ^ 
th£ Holy Ghost which i. ^^J^Hh a price. 
SSTiSr-Sl f^r bod, and in your spirit, 
which are God's" (1 Cor. 6: 19, ,Z . of , he 
In Paul's firs, letter to the Con „, ta-ta £ ^ ^ ^ 
liberty to marry again. Th w be ^ she 
long as her husband hvc.h hut , her ^ 
? V'."^ " Mb rsecoud 1 , Carriage is necessary 
L°be on',, " the^'ord, is no, .he firs, marriage as neces- 
sary for a believer? Mary A. Spitlcr. 
Reading, Pa. 


iciety, Mamie B. Wis. 

sister in the Lord, 

be it therefore resolved: d s M o( , h e Firs, 

That we. the members of the Osiers " d , oith[u | 

eS - '!" STBjrS^ll "ou r° ".celery, one who „., 

STi*» « • ''^Vor^e'Tvo^ToV Master', 
That we cherish the -JW^a^- „ ycd ,o 

srwfTins! ro*Sa e wi. .«. «* -» - - * 

her eternal gain; cum natliv to the surviving members 

Bro. W. W. Wise: „ lamily, and tin 

..r^Xiei m-x ssrsJ^-i -■- - *■ — 

of our society. . .. Here 

M „. Bessie Ebcrt, Mrs. Georgia Ludwick. £». M. B^ 

Keyser, W. Va. ^ t 

President E. M. Studcbaker o, La-Vene- College of* 
t golden weddi 


E1 , D avid V. BriUha., ^^T^ 
hart, was born March 3 8 , ^ J ^^ ^ 
the oldest of a family of, h-ee ch Id ^ , o 

y0 u, f r. H'-s mar ed o ma ^ ^ ^ 

ofhis "married ST To £ union were born three sons and 
two daughters, one daughter preceded bin, 



; d ,h Co oru" congregation from 1908 .0 1927 I. was a - 
Lys his endeavor ,o magnify a,, "bey .he word^Prac^ 

he did most of his work. At the time o ... A id 


Brillhar, was very faithful in ^=^ man of con . 

^.rXnSnrd.d1oT;:'ta;: to .press when occasion 

«Llr e v da adoi„-,'t„e 5 church. There were twenty six 
ministers in attendance. Funeral .services were eonduc.ed 
by Eld S. B. Myers, Brethren S. C. Godfrey and D. Edw. 

Keeny. _ . ., 


Whereas, God who-i. the ^J^f^^LTLt^S- 
D e VT£l!%»d r SL fc ru"..™aand proper that .« should 
?„ , f, o « .'o his memory, Ihcrelore be ,< resolved: 
Th . . .he minister, ol the Codoros Church ol .he Brethren. «■ 
™-W oT"n exemplarr Christian leader and coworker who., 
press our loss ot an exemplar, memory and 

friendship shall always linger wii 
joice in the fact that he h> 

"Th,. wc bow to our heavenly Father's will and say, Not our wil 

of Brother "and Sister R- F. Bru- 
recent golden weOOjng """"""""i. c , rt . nu , T ,y included a renewal ol 

r^V^t'^^V a, o ,he home . J-JJ^^. 

year. a B o. The seven 1'""^ ' ' fee L°kc Wis., read a short 
Bro. Albert Brubak.r, pas or ,1 Rre. ^\^ s „, „ ,„, 
b,«.ry o. the .ann ly Ano.h er^ .or^U ..rf F. ^^ 
program whicn was bv Dr S J Miller, who told among 

E.minisccnt talks were given °r ^ Brub aker had done io. La 
other things what Brother ana =»■« k „ , „„. 

Ve r: C t 8 «i.el»i?di^'o.T,rr Hal, .. B . Niswande, read a.. 

•CS"p^: , deS,-/,o --* ^ n £*£.-, c.: 

rrS:.e™:^r^did h 'crb' h B,ublcr: S another brother, and John 

Tree^io: ™C^t - home a.tcr the program and c.r.mon, 
at the church. ^ ; L MiUer 

La Verne, Calif. 

here upon 


.» ye no, uneoually "^^^^'ITJZ ^ 

By request of friends I am writing this article for our 
church paper, The Gospel Messenger, which I love so 
churcn n we dlock and see what it is, and 

X itf p"^." on the earth. The word of God teaches 
us that it is one of the closest unions on the earth. In Gen 
2 ' 3 24 , is written : " And Adarn said. This is now bone of „ 
my bones and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called woman, 
wause he was taken out of man. Therefore shall a man 
LaThis lather and his mother, and shall cleave unto his 
„ife and they shall be one flesh." And in Mark 10.6-8 
we have these words :" But from the beginning of the 
Nation God made them male and female. For this cause 
hall a man -leave his father and mother, and cleave to Ins 
*jtV and they twain shall be one flesh." There is a 
doser union on earth which 1 will mention here. It ... . 
union that only a true believer in Chris, is permitted o n- 
joy . I, is to be united with Christ ,n the body and ,n the 
split " For we are members of his body and of his flesh, 
and of his bones" (Eph. 5:30). "Now he which s.ablish- 
eth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed "*• " G°d 
who hath also sealed us. and given the earnest of the 
Spirit in our hearts" (2 Cor. 1:21. 22). Also to have ht. 
or her life hid with Chris, in God "For ye are dead, and 
your life is hid with Christ in God (Col. 3:3). 

By mentioning this spiritual union 1 mean to portray the 
vast difference between a believer and an unbeliever for we 
k „ow that an unbeliever does not know God Now the 
purpose according to the word of God was and s„ is for 
God changes not. to multiply, and replenish the earth, and 
Subdue it "And God blessed them, and God stud Unto 
hem Be fruitful, and multiply and replenish the earth and 
subdue it" (Gen. 1:28). In Gen. 9:1, we read:" And 
God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be 
fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. . . . And 
vou be ye fruitful, and multiply, bring forth abundantly in 
earth, and multiply therein." How then car, a believer be 
united with an unbeliever and please God fully m body and 

of the work of our Master's ki „ 
Vwlifr'was a faithlul counselor, ever conscientious m 
prlonrl'wSe^rtn'e 'church and fuiniling hi, obligations .0 

G that k wc d °fciirc to express to the bereaved lamil, our sincere 
We desire that > copy of these resolutions be presented »_ he family 

-■and s arts s£j52 saraK.--ai' 

n „ . . D E. H. Lehman. 

Dallastown, Pa. ■ L " 

s bom in Grant County. W. V 
1 March 1, 18) 

for twenty- 
jars. She was 
„„„_ientious worker 
in the Aid Society for 
eight years and during 
me served as 
superintendent, secre- 
tary and treasurer. She 
served very efficient- 
ly as Sunday-school 
tcachtr and upon many 
church hoards. Her 
absence is keenly felt. 
Wherever she went 
she made lasting 

During her illness 

„he called for the 

had Krcal •»»'*■■ Funeral services 

:hurch at Keyser by Bro. B. M. Rollins, 

sady. Burial in the Knobley cemetery. 

Rc»olution» of Respect 

The following resolutions were adopted in the Sisters' Aid Society 

oi .he First Church of tU Brethren, Keyser. W. Va., ,„ memory o 

our departed sister. Mamie B. Wise, an active member of our 

ted from th( 
sted by Bro. J. H. C 

Whereas, it has pleased our Heav 
dom to call from our midst and ta 

ly Father 
: home unt 

womanhood in the South. •«; d a M ^y. Her 

,856. To them were born •»» ch " y tlurmg ,be Civil War. She, 
bu.b.nd died in the Con'edera c A ™> . „ ith ,heir only son. 

married D. W. Alto, Oct. 11 ■» ; ■» gr „,. g „„dchildren. She 

one sister, five grandchildren and eigne 8 2 mMti . 

Zi a. her home in IjJ*^ ^'fnd Suited with the Churei, 
and 29 days. She was "»" "d " ,'^ d „ d died. Funeral by the 

j£W«5^ B " iil in Emp0 ™ "* 

,„,._!. A. St»hm. Madison, ^"- c ongr. 8 a,ion, died a. 

Baer. Bro. Guy Wekta. of the Way ^ ^ m aged s years, 
the home oi his parents m U" , " c »'* 'J, , ,. A . and Cordelia (Staul 
9 months and 5 day,. He was the son .1 Hoffman. Hi. 

icr) Bser. April 30, 1925 he married S» «r^" Scpl 2 , 

wile, parents, '"'^"t'hi. Savior ..d united with the Church 
192S, he accepted Christ as ™ ~ , laithiul in attendance 

„1 the Brethren. He loved hs church Mua »as ^ j M . 

« long ». heahh permitted. *™J\W F " F . F B ,h„er. Reformed. 
Moo,., assisted b, R"'^,^ Waynesbo,o.-Sud,e M. Winger,. 
Interment in Oreen nin 

Waynesboro. P». ^ ^^ Va „ Nov . ,» 

Beachley, Bro. Van U U1LU ..- h e „, the morning and 

!». He had »"«'VtLim, Ur ,own o P no ,hc nigh,. Death was due 
had driven to the Virginia town tap |to b „ , h e city and sur 
r:u„d"g^ne, H He"aJ^idc„,.,,he^dey /r 

i"" 1 h VSoSrMan B cbfe • Ml asleep »me year. ..or- a » 
Arrived by hi" widow, formerly ^°™£*£S£ 'J° o» 
dren and four sisters. A brief pri va ' "^y )vho ha , b een in 
ducted at the res.dcuc. "'"?'"{[ '£, imMi „, , Mrs 
ill health for over a year, and also oh. ^ n M Mooi 

W. S. Rcichard. '«'»'»«' =„" r ^„ .^ ccJct.ry .-A. B. Miller, 
and the writer. Interment in 

Hagcrstown, Md. 1S j 02 „ 

■tr^TTi£ a ;TdT e Dca^~a; ca r „ by iniuric. 
rSved CS automobile accident He is ^urvv™! b, h,. J* « 
„,.""& , ts r X«y an Ear.'..T„ S ''Llwi,?ow„, P,.. by the wri.e 
SJJ-S i» St. Rock eeme.«ry.-M. C.yde Ho,.. Lew,, own, Pa. 

. t "SM A oS cfir.' ^ ^«F^&r^ 

Va.. aged 79 years, S months and 24 dsjs. She was u ^ 

fe'daugl'ter. "tf h^nd^r "3 ~W her. She « J 

Bohnger, David; son o, Pete, £ *£*&&£?!£ 
Huntington County, Sep.. a. »« . drej at ^ ^^ (|| 

Dec. 20. 1929. July 9. 1872 he m am ed » y Aub ^ 

top".,o,-H I. DiSiy.Sorth Manchester, M. 

US4, and died a. In. home » ^"^^ J'" „„„„„„, EU a,betl. 
7S years and 6 days He .s sur vi e ' A „„ |„ viM 

Shank Brumbaugh ««o ""^^""Sved a", Dixon, 111., and to 
Pennsy vania in 18S0 "■' " s H haH been a member o, 

Nebraska, coming to Sahetna m »° , Hved a coll . 

££»«.;« = 3^ £5 i 

to ihe blood stream was the .mm "'"' e """ _ Earl M . Franf. 

in the Sabctha church conducted hy the pasto,. na,i 

"El »LU » - -- a - -™' D „"*, a mir?ef ^ 

born two daughters. H. »;"""," ',„„ Aangbics. three broih.r, and 
Collins who survives »..!> one son . L „,b„„ Church in early 

'&£%. S Snidy^ol 2S3TVW Cheer A. Thomas assisted by Eld. 

_ the daughter 
Nov. 25, 1929, Ln 
Keyser. W. Va., at 
the age of forty-two 
ight months 
and twenty-four days. 
'- April. 1921, she 
led Bro. W. W. 
Wise. She is sur- 
vived by her husband, 
three sisters and one 

She united with the 
Church of the Breth- 
ren in December, 1906. 


Burial in the cemetery 

> deacon's 

.uugh Christian, _ 
innTegulion, since early manhood. 
> about 1885 and served faithfully 

., near by.-Walte 

''"! nJ " W Va. 

Sickle, »"' ■ bronchial pneumonia, Bee 1J, 

Fyock, Bro. Jame Mur pn>._ I". I , , ivrf :„ the 

,,» aged " *«"; L™° * ol Pef« and Elii.beth Murphy Fyock ol 
»•■ r'""?.'"'^. e"rb days were spent on the home farm; later 
,, en „ Run, Pa. H's eariy u y i substantial ren- 

te „as in business lot himself. He ch , L , t »„, a member of the 

Hmts of Fcnn Run. tic 
Church ol the Brethren 

„e was elected to the tie »e™. „;"„";;,-„!, „idow, Sister Christiao 
i„ that capacity .11 his "»'"■ ,„„ preceded him), two broth- 

(Holsopple) Fyock, one son (one . I ...K ,i r u ^ imj by 

S5 W S*X ":;!sS'h'To a 'E'"A. Edwards, Interment a. 

.^S%W3<, - . dayi, ^rhushanc, preceded 
" '" '''totSr "\n7 C Scr.r'.wo a5 ° B ra„ S d h c e hiidrer She 

Ltr'in-L'e'wi^-n. !m«,mcn.\ l* H— E '"«*" "™" 

W rivde Horst, Lcwistown, Pa. 
"Zl Josephine , U~ WhUk* -laughter of Harmon Wht, 
,„ ck ann Adelaide Northrup was bo n ,n New York. P ^ ^ 
H.r mother died *.* "" ,f« ^, K no. grandfather, William H. 
she came •° M °'f'''. "'„„'•' ,„°r« were four children by hi. second 
N °" hr " P ' They ere a o\»n brother, and sister, to Josephine. They 
marriage. They were a ^^ ^ wlfc o( F k 

all survive her. O. , KB . IB. . Bur>l o| w .„ taj In d., 

Hoover. To «~2™" ,„ ,,,c and her husband be- 

c^memttfonheWo, the Brethren. £« .^ 
"Ut^irSaU^Jon.. Her husband preceded .her 
SLart i seven and one-half years ago and s 
iade her home with her two 

Agents and Pastors Are Sending in 

Many Messenger Subscriptions! 






Folks arc eagerly seizing the opportunity 

Premium Bible No. 1930X a, 
: each of these Premium* 

The first supply of Bibles 
















Barry County 


of her life 

nd Nashville. She de.pi 

i Dec. 11, 

1929, at the home 

the four with whom s 

leaves two granddaught, 

in Detroit with her pa 

service was conducted 

miles west of Nashville 

She was laid in her fi: 

Barryville cemetery.— B. t. noover, 
, Annie C, wife of Jam 
Nov. 18, 1929, aged 69 

son, Earl, after 
;e nephritis and coinpli 
as brought up an 
Funeral services w 
Bro. M. E. Shull 



Kline, M 
Lewistown, «- 

Death was due to a stroke of paraly 
Sly to pass away. Her first hush 
She is survived by her husband. She had b< 
Church of the Brethren many year 
parlors by the writer. 
Clyde Horst, Lewistown. Fa. 

Loveless, David C, born in Illir 
Ind., Dec. 19, 1929. aged 74 years, ( 
Kathryn Saidla in July, 1875. To tl 
The mother died March 16. 1916. 
Eherhart who survives with one 

dicn. thirty-five grandchilurc 

...... .A with the Church of th> 

held at the home 

charge. Another 

villc church four 

L O. Mote of "Detroit in charge 

place beside her husband in th< 

Wawaka, Ind. 
es H. Kline, died at ht 

rs, 11 months and 23 days. 

She was the last of ' 
,d died about ten ye 

,ember of the 

ices at the Frctz funeral 

Interment in the Lutheran cemetery .-M. 

p died at his home 
louths and 2 days. 1 
union seven children 
Line 27, 1918, he married 
...jther. three sisters, seven 
and eight great-grandchildi 
Brethren forty-fiv 

is tee for 

filled thi 
signed, assisted 
Union cemetery 

number of years and 
hurch by the under- 
minjatcr. Burial at 

:d faithful. He was church 

faithfully. Funeral at Whit- 
by -Rev. Wiggins, Christ.; 
-John R- Rcttingcr, Darlington, Ind 

10. 1901. she married Henry T Moats and they 
Mt. Morris. She is survived by two clnldren, t 
and two great-grandchildren. 
and interment in the St 

Creek cemetery.- 


, 111. 

Oard. Susanna, daughter ol Ell «d ^ ™>J .J 
near Thornville, Ohio, died Nov. 15, 929. 
who preceded her in 1901. In early Me 
ol the Brethren and remained faithful un 
the West Eel River church by the writer an 
miller— Hugh Miller, North Manchester, Ind. 

Manchester Ind. July 26. .926, he married Ruth Do F- II 
. . ., :*. iTtT-v-in Ohio and at DrHttora 

Baited in business in Uryan, \jmo, .mu 

j... ». .n.t.mnmg Surviving are his wile, 

by Elders Otho Winger 

'.,. i :;; interment in Oak Lawn 

Ohio, and i 
Death was due to pneumonia, 
sister and two brothers. Services 
and H. L. Hartsough at North Manchester. 
c( . metcry ._D. C. Rcber, North Manchester, 

Sander., Elizabeth May, daughter^! Josepl: 
bom in Whitley County, Ind, 
Lapai, Ind., aged 63 years, 
health for a number 


d Anna Hartsough, 
ilied Dec. 10, 1929, at the residence 
months and 20 days. She was in poor 
At the age of fifteen she became 

member of the Church of the B: 

died. In 1889 she married Hci 

daughters were born to them. 

one daughter, two brothers, one 

Hartsough, and one half sister. 

old the family moved to 

Sister Sanders being reared 

latter part of March, 1912, 

thren in which faith she lived and 
■y Sanders. Three sons 
he leaves her husband, three sons, 
sister, one half brother, Eld. H. L. 
When she was about nine years 
Elkhart County where the mother died, 
in the home of Solomon Rodahaugh. The 
she with her husband and family moved 
to Marshall County where they lived at the time of her death. 
Funeral at the East House by Elders Edw Slump and J. O. Kesler. 
Interment in the Fair cemetery.-Wm. H. Summer 
Snank. Ruth Elizabeth, daughter of J. P. and 
born near Trotwood. Ohio, Sept. 13. 1894; and departed this life D, 
10. 1929, aged 35 years, 2 months and 27 days. She was united 
marriage to Marion Shank, May 29, 1917. 
dren were born. At the age of eleven, t 
of the Brethren and remained a faithful 
was preceded in death by her fatl 
band, seven children, her mother 

by Eld. J. W. Becghly, assis 
er in the Trotwood church. uu 
ton, Trotwood, Ohio, 
daughter of Bcnjamii 
Sprecher, born at New Holland, Pa., died 
Pa., Dec. 13, 1929, aged 72 years, 8 " 
are four sisters and one brother. Sli 
it fifteen ye 

:d by Eld 

cemetery.— J. 

Sprecher, Sarah 

d at the time of hei 

faithful to her chili 

church, a memhi 

of a Sunday-school class. She 

ways concerned for her welfare. Services at 

by her pastor. W. D. Fisher, assisted by W 

formed. Interment in the adjoining cemetery. - 

Lancaster, Pa. 
Thomoa, Martha Jane Early, born July 14, 18S8, die. 

at her home in Carrington where she had resided nc 

years. She was married to L. M. Thomas Nov. 30, 

union seven sons were born, two dying in infancy. 

husband and four sons, seven sisters and one brother. 

before her death she called for the anointing. Shi 

just two weeks to the day of her golden wedding 

was a staunch member of the Church of the Brethren over fifty years 

Funeral by her pastor, Eld. O. A. Myer. Interment in the Carnng 

ton cemetery.— Mrs. O. A. Myer, Carrington, N. Dak. 

ade their 
-teen grandchild 
iter in Mt. M. 
E. McCune, 

i Dec. 7, 1854. 

irried John B. Oard 

united with the Church 

called home. Services at 

nd Eld. Lawrence Good- 

To this union seven chil- 
e united with the Church 
member until death. She 
; is survived by her hus- 
scven brothers and one sister. 


nd Catherine Myers 

her home, Lanca 

id 5 days. Surviving 

ted with the Church of the 

as an active worker of the 

% ^*-h-mm.^— mam^m*mmm*^**^* 



Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued From Page 29) 

t[ « J„. in our midst- W« had our regular Christmas HCTM in 
lew aaj. m „ ls ,„ r ,„d a .hort program by tlie children. 

The SrS» or£Lf« Sli Oor Li- i> moving along 
ve„ S?nd '« hop, tor«r .h,ng, for the . coming year-Mr,. 
Wm. U. Warner, »»*» Ci "' Ina " ""■ *' 

Canon Valley church held 

:ouncil Dec. S. All new church 

n were Bro. D. I. Tepple was reeleclcd elder (or the 
-a, Bro Samuel Clapper was chosen as a It was dc 
S?ed .ha" Bro, S. I. Brumbaugh should hold on, 
next fall- Th 

t dow 

the i 

been some sickness in our congregation which 
ndance, but it is growing again.— Mary Hoover, 

held at Fredericksburg 

the Meyer 

Duncansville, Pa-. Dec 31. 

Fredtticksburg.-Thankjgiving servic.- 
ho *e; Bro. David Snader of Akron gave a message. The offering of 
«Dl» will go for missions. Dec- 1 Bro. Samuel Eshelman of Chiques 
Eve a me!^« »t the Moonshine house. In the evening the Ehxa- 
Cthto*-n meSs chorus gave us a program at the 
house: inspiring messages Were brought in song- Council meeting 
was held Dec 14 at the Meyer house. The visiting brethren brought 
the annual report. Sunday-school officers were reappointed, except at 
the Rankstown house where new officers were chosen with Bro 
Lewi. Wampler, superintendent. Dec. IS at our regular meeting 
Bro Peter Garber of Virginia preached an impressive sermon. Dec. 
22 the Union house Sunday-school had a Christmas program in the 
Tftemoon. The children's part was followed by an address by Bro. 
Irvin Heisey. In the evening at the Fredericksburg house ^the chil- 
dren had a fine program, followed by an address by Bro. Ezra 
Venger of Eliaabethtown. The same evening we also had an in- 
spiring Christmas message at the Moonshine house *• 
Sanger of Lebanon. Christmas services were he! 
house by Bro. Elias Edris.-Mrs. Annie L. Weaver. Lebai 
Dec. 31. 

rWisburg.-Bro, J. E. Whitacre. our newly elected pastor, has 
taken charge ot the work. Nov. 20 a reception was held for him 
and his family. The evening was spent in congregational singing, 
several readings and addresses by Eld. H. KOber Short talks 
were given bv others. Brethren H. H. Nye. A. C. Baugher and 
J S Rehouse were with us; their talks were followed by Bro. Whit- 
acre's response. The council for the election of church officers for 
the year was held Dec. 13. Brother and Sister Whitacre were re- 
ceived at this time.— Mrs. Emory P. Trimmer, Harrisburg, Pa., 
Dec. 27. 

Huntsdak church met in council Dec. 10. Officers for the Sunday- 
school were elected, the superintendent being Bro. E. L. Mcllinger. 
Our vouog people's meeting, organized several months ago with 
Sister" Annie Clapper as president, has been very successful. Tlie 
young people rendered a very inspiring Christmas play. A Gift for 
the Christ Child, on Sunday evening. Dec, 29. The offering was 
sent to the General Mission Board.^Mrs. J. A. Hutchison, Hunts- 
dale, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Little Swatara church met in council Dec. 21. It was decided to 
have the four Sunday-schools unite into one organization with Eld. 
Jacob P. Merkey as superintendent and Bro. Harvey Bashore, as- 
sistant. - Dec. 22 a Christmas program was rendered at the Ziegler 
house, which consisted of special songs, readings and dialogues. 
The address was given by Bro. Geo, Snyder. Dec. 29 Bro. Jonathan 
F. King of Myerstown preached a missionary sermon at the Frys- 
town house.— Elirabeth Meyer, Myerstown, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Mechanksburg church had enjoyable services during tlie holidays. 
Our pastor had for the theme of his Christmas sermon, The Bells 
Of Bethlehem. The Sunday-school gave their program on Sunday 
evening, Dec- 22, using the service, Joy to the World. This was 
much enjoyed by a well filled house. The following Monday even- 
ing the young people's class of the Harrisburg church presented the 
service. White Gifts for the King. So impressive was this that after 
the gifts of substance and service were presented, one accepted the 
invitation and came forward, surrendering self to the King. We 
deeply appreciate the kindness and good will of the Harrisburg 
church in bringing us this message. The offerings of $S0 were for 
world-wide missions. All other activities of the church are mov- 
ing along nicely.— G. H. Arbegast. Median icsburg, Pa.. Dec. 30. 

Myerstown. -Oct. 26 Bro. D. S. Myer delivered a sermon in the in- 
terest of the welfare service workers. Nov. 9 and 10 our love feast 
was held with Eld. E. W. Edris officiating. Other visiting brethren 
assisted in the services. Dec. 7 our regular council was held. In 
the evening there was a joint service of members of the East Peters- 
burg and Myerstown congregations in the Myerstown house. Songs 
and an address by Bro. W. N. Zobler constituted the program. A 
series of meetings, conducted by Bro. R. P. Bucher, will begin Feb. 
9 in the Myerstown house. On Christmas evening the Sunday-school 
rendered appropriate services. Bro. Harvey W. Frantz spoke to the 
audience.— Alice B. Roycr, Myerstown, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Natrona Height (Birdville Mission).— For some time this work has 
been at a standstill. On Nov. 24 Bro. C. D. Brendlinger came here 
to preach a few nights, by request, remaining for two weeks. Four 
were added by baptism. His messages were* greatly appreciated and 
proved very helpful. Dec. 29 our Sunday-school officers were elected 
with Bro. Stanley Hetrick, superintendent. We are praying for the 
success of the mission. Bro. Brendlinger is still preaching for us. 
Dec. 30 he is going to start a revival meeting.— Effie Hetrick, Na- 
trona Height, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Rockwood.— Our council was held Dec. 13 when we elected officers 
for the year, reelecting Bro. W. J. Hamilton as elder. We decided 
to hold an evangelistic meeting and appointed Bro. Berkebile to se-_ 
cure an evangelist. Our Sunday-school put on a Christmas program 
which consisted of recitations, a playlet, Grandmother's Story on 
Christmas Eve, and a pageant, O Little Town of Bethlehem. We 
lifted a missionary offering amounting to over SIS. It was a very 
interesting' program and our churchhouse was filled to overflowing. 
We have another reason for great rejoicing, for we have finished 
paying the indebtedness on the churchhouse. — Beatrice M. Hamilton, 
Rockwood, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Schuylkill.— Oct. 27 our mixed chorus class sang a number of songs 
at the Hetzle's Reformed church rally day. Nov. 24 a two weeks' 
revival service was begun under the leadership of Bro. J. P. Merkey 
of Richland. His fourteen messages were greatly appreciated and 
our church has been built up spiritually. Nov. 29 the Little Swalara 
mixed chorus gave us a splendid service in the evening. Bro. 
Merkey visited in sixty -one homes. He also preached our Thanks- 
giving sermon. Our church met in council Dec. 14. Dec. 25 a 
Christmas program was rendered in the evening. The address was 
given by Bro. W. W. Hartman assisted hy Bro. D. W. Bucklcw of 
Annville. Our prayer meetings are interesting and well attended. 
—Carrie Dohner, Pine Grove, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Shade Creek.— Our council was held at the Berkey church on Dec. 
17 when the auditors made their report for the year showing a fine 
response from the cong-egation toward paying off the indebtedness 
on the new church built last year. The church officers were elected 
for the New Year. The newly elected Sunday-school officers were 
installed on Oct. 1. C. K. Shaffer being elected as superintendent 
at the Berkey church and Ira Shaffer as superintendent at the 
Ridge church. We are looking forward to a fine increase in at- 
tendance during the New Year. Since our last report the J. I. 
Byler family gave an interesting program of vocal music and read- 
ings which was much appreciated. Bro. J. M. Blough and wife 
gave us two interesting messages at each church before sailing for 
India in October. Sister Blough is supported on the mission field 
by this District. Our monthly missionary program was rendered 
at the Berkey church on Nov. 28 with a thank offering at the close 
of the address for home missions. A fine Christmas program was 
rendered at the Ridge and Berkey churches with a good response 
from the young people, the offering,} in the form of a white 
ffift 10 each Sunday-school child had a part in the giving. We are 

planning during the next few months to pay on our '" UGU ™?r" , 
to the Old Folks' Home at Scalp Level; already »*»«•* *>■«» ' " bmtn 
pledged and a bright outlook for the rema.nder.-Nell.e Lehman. 
Blough, Pa.. Dec. 24. 

Spring Grave church met in council Nov 30. Chn smn worker 
officers were elected, the president being Bro. Noah Mart.n. Wc 
held our love feast Oct. 13. The following ministers were ?""•»■ 
Brethren J. W. Myers. David Kilhemer, J. B.tMr John! and Nathan 
Eshelman, who officiated. Our revival started Oct. 14 with J. W. 
Myers, evangelist. One confessed Christ. Wc gave our Christmas 
program Sunday afternoon, Dec. 22.-Mabel E. Mart.n, Ephrata, 
Pa., Dec. 30. 

Tyronc.-The work in the Tyrone church is moving along in good 
shape despite some discouraging conditions. The attendance average 
is above that of last year while the Sunday-school .s much beyond 
that of a year ago. The pastor was away in December holding an 
evangelistic meeting in the Eagle Creek church, Ohio. In his ab- 
sence the pulpit was supplied by Bro. Wilbur Snyder with the ex- 
ception of one service when we had Dr. Noah Yeiscr of Erie. Pa., 
to preach for us. On Sunday evening. Dec. 22, the Sunday-school 
had charge of the Christmas program which was one of the best 
ever given at the local church. We are expecting our revival to 
begin Sunday. Feb. 2. Bro. Charles A. Bame of Ashland, Ohio, will 
be our evangelist. We are anticipating a good meeting.— Carrie B. 
Snyder, Tyrone. Pa.. Dec. 30. 

Yellow Creek congregation met in a business meeting at the 
Bethel house on Dec. 28. Wc elected one trustee and one auditor. 
Bro. Albert Leech was elected superintendent of the Sunday-school 
and Sister Maggie Grecnawalt. president of the young people's meet- 
ing at Bethel. The superintendent for Yellow Creek Sunday-school is 
Bro. John H. Burket, and Bro. E. Paul Dilling is president of the 
young people's meeting. Bro. Jos. H. Clapper volunteered to preach a 
series of doctrinal sermons beginning Jan. 5 to continue each Sun- 
day evening. Bethel and Yellow Creek Sunday-schools each rendered 
a Christmas program which was much enjoyed. Sunday evening, 
Dec. 15. Bethel Y. F. D. rendered a special program. Bro. H. W. 
Hanawalt of Aughw:ck expects to begin a two weeks' series of 
meetings at Yellow Creek house in June— Mrs. Bertha Snyder. Hope- 
well, Pa., Dec. 31. 


Mill Creek church met in council Nov. 23. Through the leader- 
ship of our pastor, the B. Y. P. D. has again hecn organized; they 
gave their first program Sunday night, Dec. 5. Our two weeks' 
series of meetings conducted by Bro. Levi Garst of Salem, Va„ 
came to a close Dec. 1. Bro. Garst preached eighteen interesting and 
inspiring sermons. 'As a result of these meetings eleven were 
added to the church by baptism.— Bertha O. Pence. North River, Va., 
Dee. 28. 

Staunton,— Review for year: in March Bro. H. C. Eller of Lynchburg 
held a very uplifting meeting. Fourteen were baptized and two re- 
ceived on former baptism. Two have been baptized since that time. 
In October Sister P. J. Jennings held a very inspiring revival at 
Arborvale church with one convert and two rcconsecrations. At the 
February council Bro. J. C. Garber was reelected pastor. In May 
Bro. Herman Craig was relicensed as minister. In August Sunday- 
school officers were elected with E. C. Houff superintendent. At 
the November council Bro. J. C. Garber was reelected elder; Lurty 
L. Grove, clerk and Messenger agent; Mrs. Lurty L. Grove, cor- 
respondent—Mrs. Lurty L. Grove, Staunton, Va.. Dec. 26. 

Trcvilian church, met in council Dec. 14 with Bro. I. N. H. Beahm 
in charge. He will no longer preach for us, having turned the 
services over to Bro. E. E. Joyce. The latter is moving two miles 
northwest of Louisa and can be with us each Sunday. We elected 
church officers for 1930. It was decided to have a Vacation Bible 
School sometime in the coming year, and at the same time a series 
of meetings at Fern Clift and Pendleton. The Christmas program 
Dec. 23 was much enjoyed by all— Mabel Watts Bibb, Trevilian, Va., 
Dec. 27. 

Valley Bethel church met in council Dec. 13. The following officers 
were reelected for the year: Bro. R. E. Bussard, church clerk; the 
writer, Messenger correspondent. A " church budget of $100 was 
adopted for the year.— Edna Bussard, Bolar, Va., Dec. 23. 


Ellisford church met in council Dec. 6. Bro. J. U. G. Stivcrson was 

chosen elder for the coming year; Sister Pearl Stem, correspondent ' 
and agent; Sister Henry Colbert, Christian Workers' president. Dec. 
1 our young people went to Synarep. an isolated point about twenty- 
five miles distant, and rendered a program which was greatly ap- 
preciated. On Thanksgiving Day Bro. H. M. Rothrock held services 
at the same place. Our Christmas program was given last Sunday 
evening by the Christian Workers.— Mrs. Alice Rothrock, Ellisford, 
Wash.. Dec. 30. 

Outlook.— On Oct. 1 Bro. Elmon Sutphin~and wife took charge of 
the work at this place. Nov. 12 Bro. A. R. Fike of Nerperce, Idaho, 
came to us for a scries of meetings. He preached filteen sermons, 
and though there were no conversions, we feel spiritually strengthened 
by his efforts. There was a meeting at the" church Thanksgiving 
evening and an offering was taken for home missions. On Dec. 10 
we met in regular council with C. A. Wagner presiding. Bro. Wagner 
was reelected elder; Sister May Shockley, clerk; T. Sutphin, presi- 
dent of Christian Workers and the' writer Messenger agtnt and 
correspondent. The Sisters' Aid gave a bazaar Dec. 11, at which 
they served supper, gave a program and sold many articles made 
during the year. They cleared $60 at this time. Wc are pre- 
paring a Christmas program to be given by the Sunday-school 
scholars,— Ida Shockley, Grange., Wash., Dec. 17. 


Great Cacapon.— Wc enjoyed a scries of sermons Nov. 17 to 25 at 
Ml. Dale Orchard. Paw Paw, W. Va. This is one of our elder's new 

openings. Eld. J. L. Stanhollz labored earnestly for the saving of 
souls and his efforts were much appreciated. He also visited quite 
a few homes. As a result of his untiring efforts eight were received 
into the church; one is to be baptized later. One young couple 
was married and baptized; also a man seventy years old and his 
wife were baptized. ^ Our elder closed with their first love feast. 
There arc great prospects for the future. Wc look forward to the 
June meeting.— Mrs. Myrtle V. Yost, Great Cacapon, W. Va., Dec. 23. 
Keyoer.— Our revival began Nov. 10 conducted by Bro. J. H. Cassady 
of Washington, D. C. The church enjoyed the many powerful 
sermons he gave. The splendid work he did here gave us all new 
ideas of living a Christian life. The revival continued for three 
weeks; thirty. one were added to the church. We held two weeks 
of Daily Vacation Bible School and fifty-one graduated. Dec. 22 a 
Christmas program was given by the children of the Sunday-school. 
At Easter time wc had a financial program with Bro. J. H. Cassady 
in charge. Wc raised $1,200-0* the church debt. Our pastor, Bro. 
B. M. Rollins, has been doing fine work as his report shows: 12 
weddings, 40 funerals, 13 anointings, 268 sermons and 60 baptisms. 
. Our pastor was surprised at Christmas tim»'with groceries and money 
amounting to nearly $50 as a special gift. The Aidjlonated to the 
Eglon Orphanage groceries, money and clothing. Jan. 6 the week 
of prayer service will begin in our church with R. T. Vorherg of the 
Lutheran church preaching. Our council beginning with the new 
year will be held the Second or third week in January.— D Grace 
Burns, Keyser, W. Va., Dec- 31. 


Chippewa Valley church met in council Dec. 8. Church officers 
were elected lor the year. Bro. Hyde was elected elder; Bro. David 
Cripe, trustee; Bro. E. L. Cripc, clerk. Ministerial and finance com- 
mittees were also chosen. Our Ladies' Aid has recently elected of- 
ficers for the year, with Sister Estella Pedcn, president. Our Aid 
has done splendid work during the past six months and we arc look- 
ing forward to another successful year. Dec. 23 our pastor and 
family were given a little surprise and parcel shower. Wc spent a 
very pleasant evening together.— Mrs. John Cripe, Mondovl. Wis 
Dec. 24. 

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Wholesale prices in full bolts. Samples free. 
R. E. ARNOLD, Elgin, III. 


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The Gospel Messenger 

" THY KINGDOM COME "— m.h. t-. 10, L„k« u : z 

"Till we all attain unto ... the stature of 
the fulnes* of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 79 

Elgin, 111., January 18, 1930 

No. 3 

In This Number 


A Thesis and Two Illustrations 33 

Look and See 33 

Among the Churches 40 

Around the World 41 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 41 

General Forum- 
Church (Poem). By Frank C. Bechtold 34 

Living Simply in an Extravagant Age. By V. F. Schwalm, .... 34 

Looking for Pentecost. By Burton Metzlcr, 34 

Worship in the Worship Program.— Part 2. By Rufus D. 

Bowman '..35 

A Real War Memorial, 35 

The Sunday-school Teacher Exalting Christ in Daily Life. .By 

Nora M. Colyn > 36 

Men's Work— February Program. By W. J. Werkman 36 

The World's Gold. By Rebecca Foutz 36 

While the Iron Is Red. By Wm. J. Tinkle 37 

Giving in Women's Deficit Campaign 37 

Suggestions That May Be Helpful in Working Out Our Plans. .. 37 

To the Women of the Church 37 

Progress and Further Directions 37 

To Wives of Ministers and Pastors 37 

God— the Seeker of the Lost.— Part 3. By E. H. Eby 42 

Compensation. By Lois A. Stoudcr, 42 

Onesimus, the Christian Slave. By Warren Slabaugh 43 

' ' ■■■ior and People — 

The Gist of the Sermon. By D. W. Kurtz 38 

An Idea for Pastors. By Paul S. Studebaker 38 

An Incident in Tithing. By S. S. Blough, 38 

The Challenge of the Future. By Wilbur Bantz 38 

Happiness. By Mary Studebaker Hinshaw 38 

Home and Family — 

The Pacifist (Poem). By C. F. Yodcr 39 

New Lives for Old. By H. A. Brandt 39 

Family Religion. By Ezra Flory 39 


A Thesis and Two Illustrations 

There is probably no field in which a definite task 
for our church is so clearly marked out as in that of 
the great moral issues like temperance, peace, sim- 
plicity, brotherliness. It is in this realm that the truth 
symbolized in the rites we practice has its special op- 
portunity for expression. If we fail here we simply 
show that such things as trine immersion 
and feet-washing haven't done us any 
good. We show that form is what con- 
cerns us, not the substance. We show 
that we have allowed the letter to become, 
not a vehicle for carrying the spirit into 
larger life but a straitjacket for choking 
the life out of it. We must not fail here. 

January 16 is the tenth anniversary of 
the outlawing of the liquor traffic in this 
country. That fact gives a certain added 
timeliness to a reminder of our obliga- 
tions in the whole field of public morals. 
We are not minded to discuss the prohi- 
bition phase of it at this time, although 
" Ten Years of Prohibition " would make 
a rather attractive title for an editorial, 
and the subject is altogether worthy. We 
have given space to it in the not distant 
past with such liberality that even Elder 
A would hardly consider us guilty of 
remissness on this point. 

It occurs to us to make just this one 
observation. What the eighteenth amend- 
ment did was to outlaw, make illegal, the 
traffic in strong drink. We call it pro- 
hibition, but the application of this word 
to this particular kind of prohibition is 
purely conventional. Any law against 
anything is prohibition. Folks ought to 
remember this and we ought to make 
them remember it when they object to 
prohibition as wrong in principle because 
rt is prohibition. The prohibition of the 
drink traffic is consistent with other pro- 
hibitory laws because the thing which it 
prohibits is a social menace great enough 
to justify declaring it unlawful. To 
strengthen the public mind in this convic- 
tion is our job. This is a matter of edu- 

cation, but it is a tremandous advantage to have the 
law against and not for the thing we are trying to drive 


We can not make men good by legislation. We are 
not trying to. We can not even make them obey a law 
against the traffic in alcohol unless we can convince a 
large majority of them that this traffic is socially dan- 
gerous. It is not impossible, it is not very difficult to 
convince them of this, for the evidence is overwhelm- 
ing. But the convincing process must be carried on 
continuously. While we are doing it we want to keep 
the law on our side. The most efficient protection of 
society requires this and this ,is the law's justification. 
The law ought to be against anything so injurious to 
human wejfare as trafficking in alcoholic drinks. But 
education on the subject is our main task. 

These facts we must keep clearly before our own 
minds and be ready to fling them in the faces of those 
who prate about the sanctity of personal liberty, mak- 
ing men good by law and all that! We have simply 
branded this great enemy of mankind as the outlaw it 
deserves to be and wish to keep it so branded, while we 
go on with our work of enlightening the public mind 
and strengthening the moral fiber of the nation. Let's 
not forget to go on. Let's take a new start now and 
in this way celebrate the first decennial of the outlawry 
of the accursed traffic in strong drink. 

This is more than we had intended to say on pro- 
hibition, for this is only one detail in the larger thought 
we have in mind. There is another which we can hard- 
ly pass by for it too is made timely by the assembling 
next week of the five powers in London to see what 
can be done toward reducing naval armament. The 



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Grave of Bro. J. H. B. Williams. For most of our readers this new picture of Bro. 
Williams' grave at Mombasa, Africa, will serve to recall a useful, radiant life that ended 
when "Our Secretary" was but three days past thirty-eight years of age. The deputa- 
tion sent out in 1920 had also the special project of locating a new mission field in the 
dark continent. All wenf well with the party until the time for leaving India. On the 
way from India to Africa, while crossing the Indian Ocean, Bro. Williams developed 
typhoid fever. Though all possible care was given, Bro. Williams died April 17, 1921, the 
second day after reaching land. The news of his untimely passing stunned the church 
for a time, but was accepted as a challenge to sacrifice. And from then until now, Africa 
is the dearer because there is a flower sheltered grave at Mombasa. 

sympathies of the Messenger in this matter' are well 
known. We refer to it here only by way of reaffirm- 
ing what we have said before. We are still strongly 
of the opinion that we must exert our influence in every 
possible way toward building up a national mind-set 
which shall refuse to think of war as a way of adjust- 
ing differences between nations. Specific ways in which 
we can do this in connection with the London confer- 
ence were set forth clearly and fully in our issue of 
Jan. 4 by the Board of Religious Education. 

Did you act on the suggestions given there? Turn 
to that first number of the new year, page 8, and see 
how many of the things which you might have done 
you left undone. Some of them you can still do, if the 
will is strong enough. 

But these references to temperance and peace are in- 
cidental. They are subjects which current events press 
upon our attention and we are using them partly for 
their independent value but quite as much as illustra- 
tions of the thesis we are trying to defend. That thesis 
is that the truth which is symbolized in our religious 
rites has a special opportunity for expression in the 
field of public morals and that we must occupy that 
field or be false to our profession. It is for just such 
use that we have these exercises of religion strictly so- 
called, that we may learn by them how to live in all our 
relations with our fellows. That is where the reality 
of our religion meets its severest test. Does it lead us 
into the practice of love everywhere? And of all 
places, in the places where it is needed most? 

For further instance, there was the crash in the stock 

market several months ago. Had you thought about 

that in this connection? Surely not. Why should you 

think of it on the same day that you think 

of temperance and world peace? 

Look and See 

" Christ is the expression in time of 
the eternal self-giving of the Father." 

That is one of the finest ways of saying 
it we have found yet. If you will just 
let the white light of it flood your soul it 
will end forever any threat of worries 
about what to think of Christ. O there 
may still be a thousand and one un- 
answered questions concerning the way 
in which Christ came to be the Wonder 
that he was. but they will not matter. 
You may find answers to them or you 
may not, and the richness of your spir- 
itual unfolding will go right on. 

The tangible, visible, knowable, con- 
crete picturing of God, in a definite speck 
of time, in a certain well known spot, in 
the actual life of the world, in human his- 
tory — that is our Christ. Men have seen 
him and heard him and handled him and 
loved him and been loved by him. And 
so they have seen God, the infinitely lov- 
ing, eternally self-giving God. 

For God was always that way, just 
that way — did you notice that ? Eternal- 
ly self-giving, seeking, searching, wooing. 
Not for one instant has he ever let loose 
of his unchangeably set purpose, though 
he has often bad to change the stage scen- 
ery, adjusting, adapting to our feeble 
sight. And if, in following his provi- 
dence through the long checkered course 
of mankind's wanderings, you are 
tempted to forget what God is really aft- 
er, look at Christ. And see " the eternal 
self-giving of the Father." 


I looked upon a lofty spirt, 
1 And awesome dome, with arches grand. 
Ah' here, I thought, is fed the fire 
That «n» S and brightens all the land. 

And then I saw a chapel rude 

And small, like rustic cabin old. 
Changed was my mood; my mind reviewed 

Contrasting scenes, and then grew cold. 

But. -as I lay asleep that night 

I dreamed a dream 'twixt dark and light, 

An aged seer stood by my bed 

And seemed to speak, and speaking, said. 

A church is not an edifice. 

Though grandly it be; 
Nor is it rich embellishments, 

Emblazonry and gilt; 
Nor yet the stately organ, 

The transept, choir, or nave; 
It is the love of Jesus, 

And faith that he can save. 

For buildings crumble into dust, 

Their glory sinks to earth; 
Emblazonry and gilded biist- 

What is their lasting worth? 
And organ peal will yet be mute, 

The brightest portal dim, 
Unless God's love for us bring forth 
A mutual love for him. 
Girard, 111. -— 

living Simply in an Extravagant Age 


First Half 
Never before in human history has it been possible 
for a man to satisfy so many of his physical desires as 
at present. Never have so many comforts been at the 
disposal of the average man as now. Never was so 
much wizardry performed in the interests of the plain 
citizen Never have we been so well housed, so attrac- 
tively clothed, so speedily and so comfortably trans- 
ported, and so interestingly entertained as we now are 
in America. 

With the rapid invention of machinery in the last 
half century with great natural resources at her dis- 
posal with the wealth of the world pouring into her lap, 
America is in a position to enjoy her material civiliza- 
tion, and is going in for it to the full. In 1927 we 
spent $2,037,000,000 on tobacco sold at retail. In was 
S710.000.000 for jewelry and silverware, $430,000,000 
for millinery and $36,000,000 for women's hosiery. In 
1924 we spent $4,031,000,000 for automobiles and ac- 
cessories and each year since has no doubt seen an in- 
crease, $935,000,000 for amusements, $820,000,000 for 
soft drinks. $630,000,000 for candy and $87,000,000 
for chewing gum. 

We live in cushioned ease on oriental rugs, dressed 
in soft and filmy silk. America seems to be in transit 
in a 1929 model on pneumatic tires, or on wing in the 
air. We are thrillingly entertained by half nude movie 
actresses, by fascinating magazine pictures or by radio 
programs consisting of everything from barbaric jazz 
to a grand symphony. 

This extravagance and luxury is not limited to the 
rich. While the rich man has a home in New York 
City, another at Miami, Fla., and another in the Adi- 
rondacks, pays for maids, chauffeurs, limousines, pri- 
vate yachts, balls and banquets ; the poor working girl 
of Chicago works for $15 or $20 a week, starves her- 
self and lives in an attic, but spends $15 for a perma- 
nent wave, $5 for a pair of silk hose and $100 for a fur 
coat. And the rest of us find ourselves somewhere be- 
tween these extremes. The other day I came through 
St. Louis and outside the city I saw great expensive 
buildings and a race track. Here were dog kennels 
for " the fastest greyhounds " in the world. These no 
doubt formed a new form of amusement, provided a 
new thrill, and incidentally a new channel for the ex- 
penditure of the loose cash of some extravagant rich 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 18, 1930 

As stated all of us are caught up in this mad 

man - iitre We tod °»r«l«» fearfu " y " W T' ™ 
uTall gone,t purses depleted, while our lives are 

hectic and dissatisfied. 

enjoy it? No, Dm _ conspicuous ex- 

surroundings and the ""^ J with or 

ly faded. We 

ly faded . we must have new furniture e sejha 

LTf—e^y do not) a fur coat would 
doubtlessly become a necessity for my wife. Or sup 

Idle a Ford, while all the men in my common - 
L who receive about the same salary and move in the 
farTe social circles should have Buicks, and Nashes and 
oTdges and Willys Knights. A Ford would suddenly 
become inadequate and a larger car an Urge* t«**J. 
Whatever ,s in vogue it , our .ocia, g^J^d 

^fZgrrel-apprU: the standards of ,,e 


satisfied, others grow. Instead of disappear^ fey 
multiply, and he who gives himself over to the s 
o! 1 is physical desires increases them until at last they 
°o stronger than he, and internal anarchy appears 
i anarchylhich will soon be followed by an external 
anarchy that has an imperious control of Ins life. 

It has been suggested that the recrudescence of 
coarse boxing, calling for a knockout blow, which s 
oe ming popular with the elite and intellectuals m 
America • ^interest in gangsters, bootleggers an he 
nasty details of the lives of our movie actors , and the 
grewsome murder stories so prevalent in our country 
are but the result of our effort to find a new thrill for 
our already jaded nerves. When men have every com 
fort and luxury that a luxurious age can provide, they 
seek new stimulation in irregular, and abnormal ways 
The satisfying of desires is like the acquiring of 
money. When asked how much money it takes to sat. - 
fy a man, John D. Rockefeller answered A little 
bit more." The cheerful cherub spoke w.sely when she 

prived by our extravagance ^ 

There is need for a call to a sterner lite, 

extravagant age H ow can one live simply 

But what is the way out? How <* 
i„ the midst of a complex, extravagant age 

In the first place, it is apparent that one ca 
ject the modern world and go back to the toys 
U cabin, the flail the oxcart amU J>- ^ 

modern conveniences of life it prop y , 

come a blessing and not a bur em Th re£ 

his hand." like the m edieval 

Nor can one flee from mew 

mo „k. When life was too d ffi « 1 orton^ ^ ^ 

mmsel f to a cave or deser t or to ^ ^ tQ 

,he T own" « el ul But this is not Christian. The 
save his own little soul mountain to pray 

way of Jesus was to go apart on t ^ 

"„ M» ol ■ «* »"""" ""' 

McPherson, Kans. 


■Folks who seek their happiness. 
By buying clothes, and cars and rings 
Don't seem to know that empty lives, 
Are just as empty filled with things." 
When wealth is widespread among a people and leis- 
ure made possible, that people may either purify itself 
or drug itself. It appears that many of us Americans 
have turned to the latter practice. " If money ,s wide- 
spread among-a people whose only desire has been for 
bread and circuses, they merely buy better bread and 
bigger circuses." 

But the result of this type of life is to weaken and 
to deteriorate. The greatest period in the life of an in- 
dividual is the period of struggle for the attainment 
of an ideal. The greatest period in the life of a nation 
is its period of struggle. When luxury and extrava- 
gance set in, then begins the period of decline, the 
greatest danger that faces America today is the danger 
that comes from the weakening of man power. 

America today has the counterpart of nearly every 
one of the great social extravagances of Rome with her 
gladiatorial fights, her arena scenes, her theaters, and 
even her Neronian banquets. It remains to be seen 
whether we have character and intelligence enough to 
save ourselves. 

One could stress here the fearful waste or our ex- 
travagance while other parts of the world are poor and 
often hungry and unclad. But after all, the greatest 

Looking for Pentecost 


THE year nineteen hundred thirty marks the nineteen 
hundredth anniversary of that memo™ hie ; a, on 

wHb longing eyes for such a day as Pentecost 

Moses longed for a Pentecostal day Twdv ^hun 
dred years before Christ he expressed the *•**£• 

rhat dark day when the prevailing was for the 
fish the cucumbers, the melons, the leeks, the onions 

servants. As a resuu uic. .ff.rtive 

message getting and message giving, a time ^o effect^ 
evangelization. His face was turned toward Fente 

C ° About one hundred years later Isaiah appears upon 
the scene To him Israel seems like a parched field 
"plants are wilted and about to die But abun- 
dant showers of rain fall upon the parched field bring 
ine freshness and new life and growth. In this graphic 
y he states his conviction that God will sometime 
pour his Spirit upon the people, '-.gorattng_ and « 
newing them within. He was looking toward Pente 

C ° Another one hundred years pass by God's idea for 
the future which had become the prophets .deal is st 11 
unrealized. Israel is yet a parched field. Worse than 
that it is dead as a valley full of dry bones, very dry. 
So it eemed to Ezekiel. But with the of the 
breath of God upon these dry bones they lived and 
stota up a great army of men. So in like manner 
Ten God would sometime pour out his Spirit upon 
Israel they would take a new lease on life there 
would be a new hope, a new courage, a new- heart to 
Zond to God and to walk in the way of righteous- 
ness Ezekiel was longing for a time like Pentecost. 

Six hundred more years roll around. The early dis- 
ciples faced with task humanly impossible, are gath- 
ered^ the upper room waiting with fasting and prayer 
for power. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 


Pentecost came! God did pour forth his Sp.nt 
M fn did becorne prophets. There was a tone of effec- 
f ive evangelization. Stony hearts were exchanged for 
'art of flesh to respond to God. Men were refreshed 
"nd invigorated and energized. The hopes of the 
prophets were beginning to be realized. - 

'"Pentecost came-and went? Let us not say so. -The 
fact for which Pentecost stands ab.des. For Pente 
cost is normal Christianity "-if we make it so. 
Oak Park, III. 


Worship in the Worship Program 


P„. II. Th. Imp.rl»«. of . Wor.Mp V*°*'™ >> » 
l„ Wor.b-ip 

THERE should be a carefully planned worship pro- 
gram for each public service. The old method o se- 
lecting hymns after arrival at church, the reading of 
Spfure without relation to the theme of the sermon 
^ the calling on a brother to lead in = - 
givi ng him time to prepare h.s mind for th.s sacred 
period of intercession, will no longer suffice. Every 
pa™of the service should be as carefully planned as the 
sermon We spend much time upon our sermons and 
M™'so. The prophetic preaching of the word o 
God always has held a large place in the development 
of the Christian church, and I beta™ it always w.lh 
My hope is that we shall rear a generate of ministers 
who will truly perform their funct.on as prophets. But 
along with this, I breathe an earnest prayer to God that 
he may help us to recognize the spiritual values m wor- 
ship, and that we may be able to lead our people mto 
the presence of the Father where they feel h.s power 
and are baptized with his Spirit. I would not have less 
time put upon sermons, but more time upon worship. 

We ourselves, must truly find God in religious expe- 
rience. Worship must become a vital part of our lives 
We need to study the cycle of experience to be followed 
in the building of a worship program. It is necessary 
to train ourselves in the art of conducting a worship 
service, in order that it may be made reverent, digni- 
fied and impressive. Much time will need to be spent 
in the actual planning and working out of the worship 
service The thought which we put upon it and the 
manner in which we conduct it will go a long way 
toward determining its effectiveness. 

It is important to have a well planned worship pro- 
gram in order to insure unity and harmony between 
the various parts which enter into the service There 
should be some dominating truth which will determine 
the character of each part. The program ought to be 
built in the light of a central theme. The test of a wor- 
ship service is the carrying through of an experience. 
It is not well to confine the program to the repetition 
of a "single idea. Too much of this may become 
monotonous. The service should be designed to carry 
through a great experience in the light of a central mes- 

sage. . , , 

Every element in the service should be considered as 
worship. Even preaching is worship. Some people 
plan a worship program of twenty or thirty minutes 
and then follow that with a preaching service, lhey 
seem to think that preaching is different from worship. 
This is a mistaken idea. Preaching should be included 
in the worship program and our people should be 
taught that they can truly worship during the illumina- 
tion of the word of God. From start to finish, unity 
ought to be maintained. Every element of the service 
needs to be carefully planned. 

The aim of public worship is to lead the congrega- 
tion into intimate fellowship with God. Our people 
need to be brought face to face with the soul trans- 
forming power of Christ. The conduct of public wor- 
ship is the distinctive office of the church. It is a func- 
tion which no other institution has claimed as peculiarly 
its own. So long as the church bids men to the worship 
of God and provides a simple means whereby they can 
express the responses of the soul toward God, the 
church need never question her place, influence, and mis- 
sion in the world. But if the church loses faith in the 
art of worship, is thoughtless in the ordering of wor- 
ship, and careless in the conduct of worship, she will 
lose her soul. The church need not look to her avoca- 

tions to serve her. The high ministry of the chu h £ 
to become a master in the art of worship. This is the 
one institution on earth blessed with the divine appoint- 
ment to lead men through prayer into the presence of 

G The service of worship should be designed to meet 
the needs of three classes of people. First there are 
the saints who come to church and feeling the 
deep reality of God. They don't come to be told any- 
thing They come saying, "Blessed assurance, Jesus 
is mine." They go to church in order to give expres- 
sion to what they know and feel. For this class of 
worshipers, the service should be genuinely sincere and 
deeply spiritual. No note of insincer.ty can be toler- 
ated. If it is not deeply spiritual, these people will go 
away with soul hunger. The whole service shou d be 
planned so as to lift the worshipers into a heavenly at- 
mosphere. I regard the pulpit as a sacred altar and 
when I enter it, I feel like I am on hallowed ground 
I consider the pulpit too sacred a place in which to tell 
a joke which has a taint of the vulgar. The church is 
the temple of the living God. We should create around 
our churches a hallowed atmosphere. I feel that too 
many programs are taking the place of the hour of 
worship. These are important, but most of them can 
be given at another time. Occasions should be rare in- 
deed when the regular service of the church is inter- 
rupted for other things. People should come knowing 
that the hour of worship will be an hour in which the 
highest motives of the soul will be called forth and 

'" The" second class of hearers will be those who follow 
Christ afar off. They do not feel the inner certainty o 
the love of God. They are doubtful at times about 
their religious faith. Some of them may come from 
curiosity Others are seeking the light. The service 
should be so devout and sincere as to carry conviction 
to their hearts that there is something worth while m 
our religion. A desire for a more vital faith should 
be created. The right kind of a worship service will 
lead them to their knees with a prayer for forgiveness 
and an earnest petition for an importation of God s 
own nature. We can not convince those who fol ow 
Christ afar of the need of closer companionship unless 
our worship has in it the vitality of a living faith ,n 
God For this class of hearers, our services need not 
only to be sincere and deeply religious, but positive in 
the expression of the realities of our faith. 

The third class of hearers are the children. A con- 
gregation is not normal without the children. The ideal 
method is to have both old and young in the congrega- 
tion together. We should drop the idea that the church 
is just for adults. I have not come to the point where 
I favor the Junior church; that is, a church which is 
conducted for the children apart from the main body 
It is best to have the children share in the worship of 
the church service. Children should be taught to stay 
for church. The church service should be interpreted 
to them. In some measure at least, it should be ad- 
justed to them. It is our duty to teach them that they 
represent a vital part of the congregation. Some of 
the hymns should be chosen with the children in view. 
I would recommend that pastors preach a five-minute 
story sermon to children. This makes them fee that 
they are a vital part of the church lite. It helps to de- 
velop a church consciousness and binds them in loyal- 
ty to the church. They will be interested '"the story 
sermon and more of them will stay for church. When 
they stay for the church service, it is easier to get them 
to oin the church. I fear that we lose some of our 
boys and girls because we fail to develop within hem 
a church consciousness. It is unfortunate for children 
to get the habit of going home after the Sunday-school 
is over It is even more unfortunate for grown people 
to set the example by doing the same thing. The bun- 
day-school and the church are one, and the Sunday- 
school needs to do its part in holding the church before 
everyone whom it touches. When children are recog- 
nized in the church service, it makes them realize that 
the service is for them as well as for adults. They will 
make comments on the story-sermon. If you drop this 
part of the service for one Sunday, they will come 
around and ask when you are going to tell them an- 

. -r story. Mature men and women often get as 
much out of this sermon to children as they do from 
the longer sermon. I feel that there are great pos- 
sibilities in the embodying of elements in the worship 
service which are attractive to children. 

When we emphasize the importance of children in 
the church service, it is necessary for the worship pro- 
gram to be simple and understandable to our boys and 
girls Our sermons should be simple. Unfamiliar 
words and theological terms ought to be avoided as 
much as possible. Adults will also appreciate simple 
language from the pulpit. Simple speech and clear ex- 
pression are essential requirements of any minister. 
Elgin, HI- 

A Real War Memorial 

At the suggestion of Bi 
are reprinting the follow 
Peat ") which appea 

. J- 

K. Miller ofCed; 
rticle by Harold 
The Rotarian for Not 

■ Rapids. Iowa, we 
R. Peat (" Private 
■mber, 1929— Ed. 

Chicago proposes to build a monument to com- 
memorate the late World War. This will be superla- 
tive for Chicago is offering a prize of twenty thousand 
dollars to the artist or architect who submits the win- 
ning plans. I am neither an artist nor an architect- 
that twenty thousand dollars will never line my pocket 
but I am a lover of the arts and crafts, and I believe I 
have an artistic soul. 

But Chicago's war monument does not interest my 
artistic soul; it does interest, mentally, spiritually, and 
perhaps even physically, the soul of one who was what 
used to be known as a " common " soldier. A private 
of infantry, if you please, who was wounded in a fight 
of mutual interest and a war of common cause 

The war has been ended over a decade now ; Chicago 
has waited ten vears for a war monument. Maybe this 
has been for financial reasons, maybe political, maybe 
it is the wise delay of ordered minds who think serious- 
ly of war monuments and their effect, physically, men- 
tally, morally, and spiritually upon those who pass them 
daily, and passing them daily get continuous impres- 
sions therefrom. 

The private soldier of ten years ago was a very 
young man, a youth, a half-finished product of grade, 
high school, and college. The privates of ten years ago 
have now grown up and have opinions of their own- 
opinions, impulses, and actions which are not guided 
by the generals of ten years ago, these generals who may 
have grown older, but who have not grown up, for 
they were already old when the privates were mere lads 
in the trenches. 

This Chicago monument then will be designed for 
the privates who were lads, the generals who were ma- 
tured men, and the few-majors, colonels, capta.ns- 
who spanned the gap between. No doubt the generals 
will be satisfied with and endorse the war monument of 
tradition, that " rookie " with his bayonet fixed, ready 
for the downward plunge; the buck private with h.s 
feet planted far apart and his arm upraised, his hand 
holding the bomb, which is never shown in its final un- 
holy resting place amongst the torn fragments of his 

I am not so sure that the grown-up private wants 
that sort of thing. There are more of us than there are 
generals. We are not in the ranks now, and even wlUl 
our war disabilities, we have longer expectation of life 
than any general who was grown up when we were 
voung We shall have to look at Chisago s monument 
for a much longer period of time. There is^care 
needed in the picking of this monument. 

What is this monument to commemorate? War- 
yes but is it to be war as war is. or war as man wants 
to see it' Will this monument eulogize the glory ot 
war' Yet, after all, wherein actually lay that glory? 

Perhaps there was glory in the way we did our kill- 
ing so unlike the method of our fathers at Marston 
Moor, at Saratoga, at Waterloo-when man faced man. 
when charger leapt against charger, when swords 
clashed and men fell slashed and mutilated it is true, 
yet in falling were men going down before " foemen 

A picture comes to my mind of 1915— a crowded 
theatre in London, the sudden onslaught of bombs 
dropping from high up in the air, the rush of startled 
humanity to the open street, defenceless mortals run- 

(Continued on Page 42) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 

The Sunday-school Teacher Exalting Christ 
in Daily Life 

Given Jl the Late District Meeting of Southern Iowa 

Webster says that exalt means to lift up, to raise 
high, to elevate with joy. to magnify. The real power 
in Sunday-school teaching is not in methods, impor- 
tant as it is to have the best of these ; nor in equipment, 
valuable as this is ; but in the teacher's own daily spir- 
itual life. " Not by might, nor by power, but by my 
spirit," is the divine revealing of the secret of power in 
all Christian work. Nothing but that which comes 
from the heart can reach and impress the heart. It is 
life alone that can quicken and nourish life. It is the 
man, as he is, that gives influence and force to what he 
teaches. The mission of Christians in this world was 
very clearly defined by the Great Teacher, when he said 
to his disciples: " As the Father hath sent me, even so 
send I you." That is, we bear the same relation to 

Christ that he bore to the Father, and we are sent by 
Christ. What a dignity, a sacredness, a seriousness it 
gives to our life to remember that we are sent from 
Christ and for him ! We are not in the world in any 
mere haphazard way, or on any mere chance errand ; 
we are sent from God, and to exalt Christ, raise him 
up, with joy, to magnify him. It follows then that we 
represent him who sent us ; we are his ambassadors, we 
speak for him. This is true not only of ministers, those, 
who are ordained to the holy office, but it is true of 
every Christian and especially of those called to teach 
others the truths of divine revelation. Jesus said, " He 
that hath seen me hath seen the Father." If we are 
exalting Christ as we should, we should be able to say: 
" He that hath seen me, hath seen Christ." This in- 
deed puts upon us a sacred responsibility. Wherever 
we go we must be as Christ. Christ is no more here 
in his own humanity ; we are now the body of Christ. 
Do you get that ? I wish you might ponder that, " For 
we are the body of Christ." I'm sure if each one of 
us could understand that statement as Christ gave it to 
us, it would mean more to us. If you remember noth- 
ing else, I urge you to remember that. I am a member, 
a hand or a foot, or some other member of Christ's 
body. Which member are you representing, which one 
are you satisfied to be? Are you satisfied just to be a 
tiny hair or nail, that needs scarcely any connection 
with the great storehouse of life to receive the proper 
nourishment to be kept alive? Do you want to be just 
an appendix seemingly so useless an organ that the 
body is not even aware of your existence, except as you 
become infected with worldly-mindedness and indif- 
ference to the cause, that it becomes necessary that yott 
be removed in order that the body might not die? Or 
do you want to be a more useful member such as a hand 
or foot ? Why not strive to be a Stephen or a Paul, ex- 
alting the Christ to the extent that you are willing to 
die for the cause if need be? 

For ye are the body of Christ. As I go through the 
world I am representing Christ's body, he is not here 
to go about doing good, but we are to go and do what 
he would do, if he were here again. We are to be 
"Christ to others, and we need to watch our everyday 
life lest sometimes we mis-re-pre-sent him. Are we 
exalting Christ when we are so anxious to lay aside 
principles and doctrines of the church that our church 
fathers were willing to die for? Are we exalting 
Christ when we seemingly become lukewarm, nof know- 
ing for what we stand, pleased with the popular idea, 
"*' Once in grace, always so " ? The evil one will be 
able to make us believe just what we want to believe. 
There was a time when it was considered a serious mis- 
take for a young person to be joined in holy wedlock to 
one who was not of the same faith. I can recall the 
time and could name the minister who preached a ser- 
mon on the above named subject (as I felt for my own 
personal benefit). I resolved that night in my own 
heart that I would never marry out of the church, and 
I thank the Lord from the bottom of my heart that I 
kept my vow. I think all Southern Iowa should take 
Ero. Pavis by the hand and bid him godspeed, as an 
expression of appreciation for what he had in mind 
last evening, because I can see he is studying that very 

problem. Our young people are not as valuable to 
our church when we allow them to marry interdenonu- 
nationally. We can feel the effect in all our churches, 
it is draining the very life out of it. 

Today it is easier to allow our families to do— or 
just about-as they please. It requires much more of 
an effort, is hard work, and it takes time to teach and 
instruct and persuade and pray. We think we are too 
busy with the social duties about us. We say, "What s 
the use anyway? Everybody else is doing about ike 
the other fellow, and I'll relax, too." If you feel like 
relaxing and settling back, you are not exalting Christ 
as you should. 

"Sure I must fight, if I would reign; 
Increase my courage, Lord; 
I'll bear the toil, endure the pain, 
Supported by thy word." 
The crown is at the end of the race and if we would 
win we must run and run hard, not for some one else, 
but for Christ. As representatives of the Christian way 
of living in a human world, too many of us are inclined 
to become cool toward our first love and early passion 
for the cause. We conform too easily -to non-Christian 
practices in the social order about us, we lose heart, re- 
garding the high hopes we once entertained. If we are 
exalting Christ, we will identify ourselves with the 
truth we teach. Something will get inside of us and 
grip us with a sense of oughtness until the right is a 
vital part of us, and expresses itself in every day life. 
As Sunday-school teachers we should have our souls 
tempered, and our vision clarified, so when temptations 
come, we can make decisions by which we will always 
be exalting Christ. For every one must sit in judg- 
ment as to how much he will allow the social influences 
about him to affect his own personality. We must not 
allow the light-minded, frolicking spirits of the time to 
sidetrack us. We must shoulder responsibility when 
the crisis comes and our faith is sounded, it will be 
sufficient to hold us to our trust. As Sunday-school 

teachers we should possess the religion of Jesus Christ 
which is incapable of explanation, but in which there- 
is an inner fire and a steady impulse, which may be 
more readily caught than taught any time, anywhere, 
daily; a conviction with an' inner grip which holds 
against all formal logic that tries to dislodge it, an ex- 
perience which harmonizes with rational powers, but 
which is still more than can be explained. 

It is easy to exalt Christ at a District Meeting like 
this. But how about our manner of daily living? That 
is the testing time. Is Christ being exalted in this age 
as much as he was, say, fifteen years ago ? Housekeep- 

and disci- 

45 minutes 

15 minutes 

45 minutes 

Men's Work — February Program 


Fellowship and Dinner Hour 
President's Period 

Reports of Activities 
Educational Program 
Address: The Scriptural Stewardship Conception 

Regarding Possessions 
Address : The Stewardship of All of Life 
Address : The Church's Claim on My Money 
Open Forum 7 minutes 

Brief Message from tlie Pastor 3 minutes 

Closing Song Page 324 3 minutes 

Benediction 2 minutes 

Stewardship — Remarks 

The major portion of the activities for this month 
belong in the department of the stewardship of pos- 
sessions. The General Mission Board has assigned 
Feb. 24 as Achievement Day in which to complete the 
challenge placed before the church by the offers of some 
laymen to give $37,500, provided the church matches 

ers have gradually slackened up on doctrine i ^ 
pline, the majority of the laity seem to demand it. It is 
explained that faith alone is all that is needed. But 
faith without works is dead. Jesus says we should let 
our light so shine before men that they— the world- 
seeing our good works will glorify our Father which is 
in heaven. Faith in God should be the outstanding per- 
sonality of Sunday-school teachers in every day life 
to the extent that the world will feel the living stream 
which flows from us. Paul says in Col. 2 : 20 : "If you 
died with Christ, why live as if you still belong to the 
world ?" Our lives become a mockery in the eyes of 
the world when the world sees we ate so ready to ac- 
cept every worldly thing produced. We are in the 
world but not of the world. Never in the history of 
the church were men and women more needed who 
have convictions at heart, a personality showing forth 
the Christ life. There is need for more people who de- 
sire to do only those things which please God. If our 
eyes are single (are on the Christ), exalting him, our 
whole body would be full of light; and how it would 
illuminate, light the world to Jesus 1 

If we have one. eye which is causing us to stumble, 
let us pluck it out that it may not be the means of 
causing the whole body to be cast into the hell of fire. 
In so readily accepting the changes as they come, are 
we exalting Christ, or are we causing his name to be 
dragged down? Am I exalting Christ when I allow my 
eyes to be attracted by the things of the world to the 
extent that I am willing and anxious to lay aside doc- 
trines of the church, the church for which Christ died 
and of 'which he is the Head? In leaving off a few 
things and tolerating others are we exalting Christ as 
we make the change? Does the world feel the effect, 
do we shine more for Jesus so that our lives scatter the 
darkness no matter where we walk? We will never 
win the world by laying aside principles. If we are 
ashamed of Jesus he will be ashamed of us. The fu- 
ture Church of the Brethren is going to be just what 
we Sunday-school teachers are willing to allow and 
permit in our posterity. If you are not satisfied with 
the way Christ is being exalted, it is up to you to live 
closer to Christ, do all his bidding, showing by your 
obedience that you love him and want to exalt him. The 
world is not embarrassed in the least when they attract 
the attention of others, in fact they are not satisfied 
without the attraction. Why should we shrink then 
from following the Christ and exalting him because it 
causes a little attraction when we do his bidding? 

We are the body of Christ. Which member do you 
represent? Which member do I represent? Are we 
exalting Christ as we represent him in our places daily ? 
Obedience is better than sacrifice. If we love him we 
will obey him and by obeying we exalt him, raise him 
up with joy. For ye are the body of Christ 1 
Coming, Iowa. 

this with an extra contribution for the wiping out of 
the mission deficit. The Men's Work organization 
should use this effort as its main work during this 
month of February. 

The addresses for these particular meetings may very 
well be the most important addresses during the year, 
and should be prepared with extra care. Complaint has 
been made that the program of the men is not prac- 
tical. Here is the most practical thing in the church's 
work and the most needed thing. 

Sources of information: General Mission Board, 
Council of Boards, Stewardship Committee of Men's 
Work, all at Elgin, 111. 
Chicago, 111. 

The World's Gold 


" I had thought to promote thee unto great honor ; 
but, lo, the Lord hath kept thee back from honor " 
(Num. 24: 11). This remarkable statement was hurled 
in anger by Balak when all his pleas and offers of gifts 
failed to get from Balaam a curse against the children 
of Israel. 

Balak was a king and as such could have given the 
wealth and positions he promised. And Balaam had a 
desire to please him but the word of the Lord forbade 
him to do so. He replied again as he had before, "If 
Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 


I can not go beyond the word of the Lord my God, to 
do less or more " (Num. 22: 18). 

The lesson of this incident applies to all times. Its 
truth holds through all generations. Man must con- 
tinually choose between the world's silver and gold and 
God's word. Any that is gained contrary to that word 
is only tinsel. It will not stand the testing fire. Any 
position or honor gotten or held by the sacrifice of any 
principle of right, means ultimate loss and defeat. Only 
that gained by God's standard will endure. 

Sometime or other each one must make a choice in 
this respect. For much that the world has to offer can 
only be accepted by rejecting some of God's word. It 
may be in the smaller affairs of life, it may be in the 
larger. The principle is the same. 

Do you have talent for which the world will pay 
well? Yet, in order to get that high remuneration, you 
must live contrary to some of God's word. You may 
think that doing this, a little won't matter. You will 
learn too late that it does. 

Is the path to honor or position that ranks high in 
the world's estimation open to you? But suppose that 
in order to attain thereto you must compromise along 
the way. You may feel that you are justified to do this 
because of the power and influence for right you can 
wield once the position is attained. But can you suc- 
ceed with a seared conscience? For once there, the 
temptations to please contrary to God's word will be 
stronger than ever. 

Satan says, " All these things [the kingdoms of the 
world and the glory of them] will I give thee, if thou 
wilt fall down and worship me" (Matt. 4:9). What 
more could Christ ask for such a seemingly small con- 
cession? But nothing short of a rejection of any com- 
promise, either large or small, gave the world a Re- 
deemer. Any going contrary to God's word to gain an 
end is falling down and worshiping Satan. 

Do we not have great examples to inspire and show 
us that it is possible to hold honored position and still 
live true to God? But we must be willing to pay the 
price. Joseph was just a lad when he was thrown into 
an environment totally different from home influence. 
Heathen sensuousness surrounded him but he lived 
clean and upright even though a dungeon was his lot 
for a while. And when the reward for ability and in- 
tegrity came to him, nothing weaned him from the 
true God of Israel. 

(Continued on Page 44) 

tion, will give us the victory. One of these is concen- 
tration. Other church activities such as building pro- 
grams and new furnishings can wait a few months, and 
the time will not seem long. Likewise in our private 
finances we can side track many improvements and 
give the money to 1 missions. 

The other watchword is sacrifice. Eat mush instead 
of meat sometimes. It did not harm us during the 
war. Do your own laundry, cleaning, barbering, etc. 
When you make a purchase look for an article of 
cheaper price. Keep a list of the money saved and 

have the joy of seeing it grow. Then give it to your 

treasurer to send to the Mission Board before Feb. 28. 

I am not asking more of others than we ourselves are 

willing to do. " 

If the report can be sent out soon that the deficit is 

raised our missionaries will be greatly encouraged and 

our responsibility will be lessened. Now is the accepted 


Huntingdon, Pa. 


While the Iron Is Red 


There is something that we should realize; some- 
thing that should grip our minds just now. That is 
that we are facing a big opportunity in mission work. 
That brave, loyal, self-sacrificing little band of men 
and women who have offered to pay half of the mission 
deficit have given us this opportunity. Such generous 
offers are not made every day. I do not know who any 
of them are, for they are not giving to get their names 
in the paper. But I should like to meet them and say 
to each one, " God bless you !" 

Every opportunity brings with it a responsibility; 
and now the responsibility is definite and the time is 
short. We must give the other half of the money that 
we pledged but did not give during several years past. 

" Did we pledge it ?" you say. Yes. The delegates 
that we elected and sent to Annual Meeting approved 
the mission budget of each year and approved every 
missionary that was sent. We- who are not missionaries 
nor Board members should realize that the work is 
ours ; that those who do the work are doing it under our 
orders and our control. 

There are two watchwords that, under God's direc- 


Official Organ of the- Church of the Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager. 16 to 21 S. State St., Elgin, III., at $2-00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 


H. A. BRANDT, - Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Postofflee at Elgin. 111., as Second-Class Matter. 
Acceptance for running nt special rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103. Act of October 3. 1017. authorized August 20. IBIS- 

Giving in Women's Deficit Campaign 

Up to Dec. 31, 1929, one hundred and sixty women's 
organizations had contributed $2,482.36 toward the 
Women's Deficit Fund. The latest figures available, or 
to Jan. 13, 1930, are : 

Number of contributions to Women's Deficit Fund 219 

Deficit Fund total $3,458.97 

Suggestions That May Be Helpful in Working 
Out Our Plans 

Help to find the following persons: 

1 individual to give $1,000.00 

2 individuals to give 500.00 
4 individuals to give 250.00 

10 individuals to give 150.00 

15 individuals to give 100.00 

Be one of the following organizations: 

* 50 organizations to give $ 50.00 

* 200 organizations to give 25.00 

* 250 organizations to give 15.00 
500 organizations to give 10.00 
400 organizations to give 5.00 

Or help to secure 

500 individuals to give $ 3.00 
*1.000 individuals to give 2.00 

*2,000 individuals to give 100 

Please place gifts in the specially prepared envelopes that 
we may carefully record same. What we do now for the 
deficit must be over and above the regular Aid budget 

We are twenty-five thousand strong, and at a dollar 

apiece that would mean $25,000. This is the first time we 

have ever worked all together. Let us join our hands in a 

-great friendship circle and allow the Lord to use us 

mightily. ,, , 

The Committee: Mrs. Ross D. Murphy. 
Mrs. J. Z. Gilbert, 
Nora M. Rhodes, 
Mrs. Laura Swadley, 
Ruth Shriver. 

ought to receive a response from at least 500 organiza- 
tions between now and March 1. We leave the amount 
with you — whatever the Lord makes possible. 

In order to receive mora enthusiasm for the work 
ahead, go back to the Nov. 30 issue of the Messenger 
and read carefully everything on the fifth page, es- 
pecially " We Shall Need to Pray." Then read again 
the messages from Sisters Gilbert, Rhodes, Lear, 
Shriver, Miller and others that are found on the fourth 
or fifth page of each succeeding Messenger to date. 

I am sure we are praying throughout the Brother- 
hood. May we be even more serious in this. Shall we 
not try to find some persons who are quite able to give 
individual gifts ranging from one hundred to one thou- 
sand dollars? Having found such persons, let us ask 
God to inspire them toward a realization of the need. 

This letter comes to you personally through the Mes- 
senger and is an expression of gratitude and encour- 
agement from the entire committee. 
' May God bless us and unite us in the service of his 

Yours for the committee, 

Mrs. Ross D. Murphy. 
The above message is for every woman and girl in the 
Brotherhood. Should you who read know of others who 
are not reading the Messenger, please pass it on. There 
are women who, because of age or illness, are not actively 
connected with any organization. We want those to feel 
that they arc especially tied up with this project through 
the Messenger. 

1 9 ' ■ 

Progress and Further Directions 

What a consolation was that first response, coming 
as it did from Virginia, Indiana and Michigan, and 
then the many encouraging responses which followed. 

Just today a sister called by phone stating that the 
Germantown women had given all told over one hun- 
dred dollars as a Christmas gift to the Women's Deficit 
Fund. These women had not planned to do anything 
of this nature until one good earnest woman got busy 
informing the others of the need— and what a splendid 
result. I am sure there are repetitions of this report at 
the Elgin office. We are pleased to note the response 
from the Bible classes and other groups, as well as the 

We are especially grateful to those who have re- 
sponded to our call for short articles of encourage- 
ment. And the Messenger management has been most 
helpful under somewhat trying circumstances as it has 
been necessary to rush everything from the very start. 
It is our desire to keep expenses down to almost noth- 
ing and so we are most grateful to the Messenger for 
its prompt and efficient service. 

Should anyone desire the specially prepared enve- 
lopes for the Women's Deficit Gift, please send to the 
Mission Board Office, 22 S. State St., Elgin, III., and 
you will be supplied. We hope to be able through the 
envelopes to keep a careful record of the gifts. 

The Committee. 

To the Women of the Church 

We have already passed one high water mark in our 
deficit raising campaign. The Christmas response has 
been most gratifying— another sign, it would seem, that 
the Lord is more than ready to bless our efforts. 

This, however, is just a beginning— so much to the 
go od— our Christmas gift of thanksgiving for last 
year's blessings. Let us now at the very beginning of 
the New Year start in earnest to see what can be done 
before March 1. 

Of course at no time have we really dared to antici- 
pate what actually would be accomplished. The whole 
venture is one of faith. The results being limited only 
by our efforts and consecration and the will of God. 

Last November I thought if this matter could be pre- 
sented before Christmas, one thousand dollars would 
be the highest amount we could expect as a Christinas 
gift from the women on such short notice. So you see 
' my faith fell short of the mark— or did the Lord bless 
our little faith into larger results than we had hoped ? 

The suggestions preceding this letter are reprinted 
from the Messenger for Nov. 30. We are now espe- 
cially concerned with those marked with the *. We 

To Wives of Ministers and Pastors 

Because I am the wife of a minister who is a pastor 
I am going to venture this message to the ministers' and 
pastors' wives of the Brotherhood : 

Dear Sisters: In looking over the Yearbook I find 
that there must be about 2,500 of us. I have thought 
much about this, and I feel impelled to venture my 

Naturally we would be the very last group who 
could give again after having given of ourselves and 
our meager funds until there is no more to give. But 
the thought comes to me again and again that each of 
us in this project ought to have a special envelope of 
our very own. The amount will necessarily be small, 
but let us enclose in our envelope a slip of paper with 
the words " I am praying " with whatever mite we 
have to offer and send at once to the office at Elgin. 
Use your own white envelope if you wish giving your 
name, congregation and the statement "minister's 
wife." Maybe the Lord can enlarge our mite. I am 
sure he will bless our prayers. 


Mrs. Ross D. Murphy. 



The Gist of the Sermon 


Ik the tenth chapter of the Acts we have the story of 
Cornelius. He was a Roman soldier, represent ng 
Rome's conquest of Israel: he became a representative 
of the faith that conquered Rome. He was a captau 
of the army, a man of wealth and power. The mora 
influence o'f Judaism made him also a man of prayer 
and charity. He came to Palestine a pagan , vvorsh * ng 
mam- gods; he learned to reverence the God of the 
lew; and was perfected in the faith of Jesus Christ. 
■ Cornelius was a man of good virtues: he had a 
household and was interested in domestic life, he was a 
man of prayer, he was devout, and his alms 
accordance with his wealth and position. He was a 
good man. What more does he need ? Christ can take 
good men, and bnng their goodness to maturity to a 
higher level, and the love of the religion of Chnst can 
enable one to do it easier, and make the good hfe an 

3 The method of the conversion of Cornelius is a study 
in itself Why was there so much formality? First, 
while Cornelius was praying, an angel appeared to him, 
assuring him of the divine approval of his piety. Was 
that enough? No, he must send messengers to Joppa, 
to Peter He sends three messengers, bearing the 
story. As they approach, Peter has a vision. He sees 
the sheet let down from heaven, full of all kinds of 
Irving things, and being hungry, he is told to slay and 
eat But his Jewish training causes him to revolt 
against the unclean animals in the aggregation. Peter 
needs a voice to assure him that the narrow Jewish law 
is dissolved in the freedom of the gospel. The coming 
of the messengers is explained. They remain for a day 
with Peter, then comes the journey to Ca:sarea, to the 
house of Cornelius. The soldier meets Peter and wor- 
ships him. The old paganism has not been wholly dis- 
pelled Peter tells him to give his homage to Jesus. 
Then comes the sermon of Peter, the coming of the 
Holy Spirit upon Cornelius, and his house, and the bap- 
tism of the believers.' Why this long process? Why 
could not Cornelius come into the church direct, in a 
moment, without Peter, and the sermon, and the days 
of wafting, and adjustment? ^ 

It is easy to see that Peter needed this experience. 
Cornelius became a teacher to Peter, as well as Peter a 
teacher to Cornelius. Peter had to be liberalized. Fur- 
ther, the next chapter shows how much the whole 
church needed this process. The church had to be 
liberalized. Cornelius was the means of teaching the 
church the larger purposes of God. We, today, need 
this lesson. The ways of God are wonderful ; Cornelius 
is our teacher. But Cornelius needed it as much as 
anyone. Religion is not only fellowship with God, but 
brotherhood with man. It can not succeed without co- 
operation. Cornelius is a soldier. He knows the mean- 
ing of the solidarity of the race. There must be one- 
ness, like-mindedness. harmony. The kingdom must be 
won together, not in isolation. The virtues of the sol- 
dier, sacrifice, loyalty, and obedience, demand a social 

Long Beach, Calif. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 18, 1930 

grams, the announcements, and a department f or little 
sentence messages and coming events ; tl« back page 
carries the full church organization. These are dis 
Sbuted each Sunday morning foUowing the Sunday- 
school hour by four boys, who enjoy ,t and t gives 
hem something to do. Start the children in with some- 
thing simple and gradually they will take over the tag 

'""do the printing myself. A local printer told me 
that the same work done at the print shop would cost 
from nve to eight dollars a week. Not many of our 
churches want to pay a bill like that. I «P».« 
one of our Sunday-school classes what I wanted, they 
caught the vision and decided to buy the : machine. A 
number of machines were examined. We finally de- 
cided on a type setting outfit. We found a good one 
secondhanded. It was larger than necessary, but >t 
does excellent work. . 

It has taken some time to learn to operate it, but with 
earnest effort a bulletin can be set up in about four or 
five hours' time. Experience will shorten the time and 
produce better work. 

Nappancc, hid. 

An Idea for Pastors 


In presenting this little article let it be clearly under- 
stood that I have nothing to advertise. It is merely a 
suggestion that may be a help to some other pastors. 

For some years it has been my desire to present to 
my congregation a printed bulletin of some sort. It is 
only recently that I have found something which an- 
swers the purpose. I have tried other things, for in- 
stance a monthly magazine, which was too expensive, 
and took too much of my time gathering advertise- 

I am now putting out a weekly bulletin of four pages 
which carries my Sunday morning and evening pro- 

An Incident in Tithing 


Some years ago while pastor in one of the eastern 
states this experience came to me which was very 
much out of the ordinary. It is passed on believing it 
will be worth while. 

A young brother visited in my study about the close 
of the year. After some very pleasant conversation, he 

said : " I want to give you dollars and cents 

naming a certain sum of money. I do not recall the 
exact amount but that does not matter. I took the 
money which was given for the work of the church, 
giving him proper credit for the same. Then I said: 
■• May I ask why that was just so many dollars and so 
many cents?" Something in the way he had said it 
made me think there was something back of the matter 
which might be of special interest. He smiled and 
said he did not make a habit of telling such things, 
but that he did not mind to tell me. Then he followed 
with this story : 

" I have a job with the railroad company [he was a 
switch and signal man] and last year I had to work a 
good many Sunday's. This I did not like as it kept me 
from services at the church. After thinking over the 
matter at the beginning of this year, I decided to tithe 
my week day earnings and to give to the Lord all I 
earned on Sunday- So that is what I have been doing 
and this is the amount that was left yet of the Lord's 
part of the earnings." By this time I was greatly in- 
terested in the story and asked how the matter worked 
out. He said he enjoyed it very much and that he did 
not have to work very many Sundays this year. 

In telling the story to a number of folks, one brother 
who had not joined the tithers said, " The Lord does 
not seem to want money or he would have made that 
man work every Sunday." Now you tithers with me 
know that is not the way the Lord treats his own. If 
they honor him with their substance in their steward- 
ship, he will manifest his love to them and pour out 
his blessings according to his promises. 

This happened before I had launched out so very far 
in the field of giving. As one of the few supported pas- 
tors at the time, I thought I had very little to give, so I 
did not fully understand the joy that came to this young 
man. Of course those who are giving the Lord's portion 
know how the soul rejoices at the possibility of giving. 
Were the entire membership of the church to do as 
this young man did, and if they could have done it all 
these years, what a work might have been accomplished 
for Christ ! And what a joy would have been experi- 
enced! If this were the case, there would not be so 
much occasion for heartaches about the deficits. Per- 
haps it would be well in passing to say that this young 
man belonged to a mission which became a self-sup- 
porting congregation in ten years from the time it was 
started. What might the Lord accomplish through 
his faithful children? 
Fort Wayne, Ind. 

The Challenge of the Future 

The gi»t ol a New Yrar's .crmon 

As we stand on the threshold of a new year we be- 
come very conscious of the fact that time is rushmg 
on Twelve months have come and gone. Swiftly tne 
year has drawn to a close. " Time steals on and es- 
capes us like the swift river that glides on with rapid 

stream." . .. D frir 

The New Year is a time for inventory-a time tor 
the balancing of accounts. What about o^chara'Ur 
accounts? All of us upon an examination of the past 
year will realize that we have made many mistakes and 
failures. We look back with sadness, repining for 
what might have been, as Whittier wrote: 

•' For of all sad words of tongue or pen. 
The saddest are these: 
'It might have been.'" 
The mistakes of life have been made. Their only 
value now is to teach us to do better in the future. If 
we know where we have failed, if we realize our weak- 
ness, we may upon the strength of our failures find 
power to meet the opportunities of the new year. To 
worry over what might have been is only wasted en- 
ergy The past is dead and can not be resurrected. 
Time will not turn backward. It goes forward, straight 
ahead, and we must go with it. 

Let us therefore, look to the future and not to the 
past The opportunities of the year ahead stand out as 
a bold challenge. The future is a clean page. It is 
never too late to do something useful, something that 
will partly atone for the mistakes of yesterday. Shall 
we like the apostle Paul, " Forgetting the things which 
are behind, and stretching forward to the things which 
are before, press on toward the goal unto the prize of 
the high calling of God in Christ Jesus " ? Thus we may 
wisely improve the present, go forth fearlessly into the 
future, and grasp our opportunities with a manly heart. 
Richardson Park, Wilmington, Del. 



God has provided for our happiness as well as for 
our salvation; and, if saved, why not be happy? 

Our happiness will be in proportion to the spiritual 
character of our walk after we are saved.' Our walk 
and our happiness rise and fall together. When we are 
walking " worthy of the Lord " we have communion 
with God and the blessed Holy Ghost will be producing 
happiness within us. But when our walk is carnal and 
worldly, the Holy Ghost, who indwells every saved 
one's body, is grieved and our communion with God is 
cut off The action of the Holy Ghost is thus changed : 
instead of taking of the things of Christ, and filling lis 
with happiness, he is grieved at having to turn aside 
from his delightful office and fills us with a sense of 
our sins and unworthiness. 

I want to give you an illustration. It is a beautiful 
moonlight night. The moon is full and bright and the 
air is clear. You gaze down a deep still well and there 
you see the moon reflected fair and round. Suddenly 
you drop a small pebble into the well. The condition 
of the well is changed. The reflection of the moon is 
all broken to shivers and the fragments are shaking to- 
gether in the greatest disorder. 

Now, apply this figure to your walk in life. Your 
heart is the well. When there is no allowance of evil 
the blessed Spirit of God takes of the glories and 
preciousness of Christ, and reveals them to you for 
your happiness. But the moment a wrong motive is 
charished in the heart, or an idle word escapes the lips 
unjudged, or you fail to do something you know you 
ought to do, or you do something you know you ought 
not to do, the Holy Ghost begins to disturb the well, 
your happy experiences are smashed to pieces, and you 
are all restless and disturbed within, until in lowliness 
of spirit before God you confess your sin and thus get 
restored once more to the calm, sweet joy of com- 
munion with God. 

There is nothing so tender as the link of communion, 
and upon this link hangs the believer's happiness. 
Washington, D. C. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 



The Pacifist 

(In The Brethren Evangelist) 

Braver than he who can stay with the sword 

And conquer the insulting foe, 
Is the man who can win with the pardoning 

And avoid the avenging blow. 

Truer the patriot army of peace, 

Creator of prosperous homes, 
Than the army of conquest, planting the flag 

Wherever the tyrant roams. 

Loud as the mouth of the cannon is, 

As it barks in defense of men, 
Stronger and clearer by far is the voice 

Of the prudent and friendly pen. 

Great is the statesman, staying the hand 

Of treacherous alien powers, 
Greater the preacher, routing the foes 

Front the homeland's sentry towers. 

Not in the glory of laud applause 
Does the pacifist seek his reward. 

Rather he suffers insults in his cause, 
Content to be loved of the Lord. 

But when in the justice of final accounts, 
The heirs of the earth are made known, 

The sword and its champion shall disappear 
And the peacemakers come to their own. 
Rio Cuarto, Argentina. 



New Lives for Old 


IX. Progress and Tragedy 

Synopsis.-Sidney Hale resigns his big city job and return, 
ccuragid Valley Center to !ive hi. life a. he <»'■«'»«'" .# 
be.t opportunity for sell expression. He soon make, friends a 
young banker and together the, l.nneh a plan to revive the home 
town. Success come, la.ter than they suspected it would. 

The second year spent in promoting the welfare of 
Valley Center came to a glorious termination, for Rog- 
ers and Hale saw that the generality of the citizens had 
a new outlook on life. Many remarked that there was 
little comparison between the dilapidated Valley Center 
of two years beforehand the clean, prosperous appear- 
ing community that it had come to be. 

One fine autumn day Sidney Hale climbed again to 
the top of Valley Ridge. But this time Rogers was 
with him. As they looked back toward Valley Center 
they beheld evidences of the new spirit they had in- 
spired in their neighbors and friends. There was 
Henry Greenbaum's place— not the little experiment 
farm of two years before, but vastly added to. The 
new orchard was ten times the acreage of the old. And 
beyond his place was the rest of the subdivision that 
Rogers had laid out to help his poorer townsmen start 
in the fruit business. The young orchards presented an 
engaging picture to a banker who can see in straight 
rows of thrifty young trees and level fields of carefully 
cultivated ground the promise of good incomes and bet- 
ter bank accounts. Rogers had promoted his sub- 
division on a very generous basis, but there was evi- 
dence that, like bread cast upon the waters, all he had 
given would come back ere long and vastly multiplied. 

And the town of Valley Center looked better. Sev- 
eral unsightly old buildings were gone. More houses 
were painted, yards were better kept and the business 
district showed some new buildings completed and oth- 
ers in progress. Viewed from _3_ distance the trained 
eye could see that here was a prosperous little city with 
faith in its resources. 

And then there was the favorite project of Hale and 
Rogers— the through boulevard from Centropolis to 
Mainport. If anyone lacked faith in what the comple- 
tion of this project would mean to Valley Center he 
had but to climb to the top of Valley Ridge and look 
down upon the panorama stretched out before him. 
The two men traced the ribbon of cement through their 
city and on toward Mainport. 

"That road is a sample of first class strategy," re- 
marked Rogers. " It would be hard to say what all it 
will mean to Valley Center." 

" Yes, I take a bit of pride in having fathered the 

project," commented Hale. " To see it practically com- 
plete is almost pay enough for the past two years of 
strenuous work." 

As a matter of fact, the new boulevard was daily 
demonstrating what it could be expected to do for 
Valley Center. Some Centropolis manufacturers were 
considering the special advantages of Valley Center. 
They were figuring on certain expansion campaigns and 
were in a mood to locate where taxes were less, labor 
conditions favorable and certain raw products some- 
what closer at hand. Some Mainport men were almost 
equally impressed. Thus it seemed that Valley Center 
was just on the verge of seeing such a revival as the 
discouraged inhabitants of a few years before would 
have believed impossible. 

" But that road to Westhill, just where is it to go?" 
asked Rogers. n . 

" My idea is to follow the grade of that ridge," in- 
dicated Hale. " then swing in ji great loop around this 
higher part, and drop down on the other side by a long 
gentle grade to connect with the main street of West- 
hill." Hale's eye for contours that could be used to ad- 
vantage was faultless and Rogers at once saw the 
feasibility of the project. 

" I am sure the Westhill to Valley Center road con- 
nection which you propose is another bit of splendid 
strategy," said Rogers slowly. " To think that I have 
been looking for a piece of sightly ground for years up- 
on which our Valley Center rich men might build fine 
homes, and here it is right under our noses I" 

" Yes," said Hale slowly, " yonder is as sweet a site 
for a golf course as any club could wish. And over 
here are slopes that will be private estates some day. 
It is all here that we need to take the next big step for- 
ward in putting Valley Center on the map." 

" And to think that Valley Center folk once thought 
the whole future of the community was a matter of 
success with the mines !" 

" In a way these warm slopes are a finer resource than 
all our dirty coal mines. - Here men can live and pros- 
per where the sun is kind and the air is pure. What 
shall we do about it?" 

" Go back to the valley," laughed Rogers, " and tell 
the folks what we have found. You explain the vision 
and I will see if I can figure out ways and means to 
finance it into reality." 

A week later Sidney Hale was spending the evening 
quietly at home. The last few days had been especially 
busy. Rogers was going right after the Westhill to 
Valley Center project. He and Hale had gone over 
some of the possibilities with a group of men they felt 
would he interested. The two were assured of whole- 
hearted support and encouraged to go ahead. Accord- 
ingly Hale had begun to break the news to the public. 
That very morning the first editorial dealing with the 
new project had gone out. And several times during 
the day friends had called to offer congratulations or 
ask for more information. It looked as though the sec- 
ond favorite project would go over in great style. 
Consequently Sidney felt well satisfied with himself 
and the prospects for Valley Center. He was enjoy- 
ing himself as one who succeeds at a worth-while task 
and finds the double reward of a competence and con- 

Sidney and his mother lived together quietly at the 
old home spot. However, the place showed the touch 
of the hand of one who was interested in making Val- 
ley Center a city of quiet, beautiful homes. And Mrs. 
Hale, much relieved by the interest of her son, found 
time for some outside, interests. Sidney was waiting 
for her return from some sort of a women's meeting 
when the telephone rang violently. Hale stepped quick- 
ly to answer, wondering who was calling thus. 
" Yes." 
" Get to corner Hill and Valley Boulevard as quick 

as you can I" 

" What's the matter, Rogers?" 

" Serious accident 1" 

What could this mean? But Sidney did not waste 
any time. He ran out to his car where it stood parked 
by the curb, and in a twinkling was away for the scene 
of the accident. " Valley and Hill," he kept saying to 

himself lest in the excitement he forget the location. 
And then it came to him that Valley Boulevard and 
Hill was the very spot where the Westhill to Valley 
Center connection was to meet the new boulevard! But 
what had happened he could only surmise. 
Elgin, 111. _ ^ 

Family Religion 


Recently a group of university students spent most 
of their summer discovering what institutions influence 
child life most. Their report puts the home at the 
top of the list and asserts that the home exerts more 
influence than all other institutions combined. Follow- 
ing the home are, in order: public schools, the movie, 
the church including the Sunday-school. The movie 
is said to influence twice as much as the church. 

Perhaps there is some degree of truth in the report. 
If the home occupies so strategic a place, why is not 
more attention being given to it by educators, pastors, 
teachers and reformers? 

The secret of the Jewish people and their remarka- 
ble history is to be found in their teaching in the home, 
as exemplified in the instructions of Deut. 6:4-9; 
"Hear, O Israel: Jehovah our God is one Jehovah: 
and thou Shalt love Jehovah thy God with all thy heart 
and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. And 
these words which I command thee this day, shall be 
upon thy heart; and thou shalt teach them diligently 
unto thy children, and thou shalt talk of them when 
thou sittest in thy house, and when thou walkest by 
the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou 
risest up. And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon 
thy hand, and they shall be for frontlets between thine 
eyes. And thou shalt write them upon the door-posts 
of thy house, and upon thy gates." 

The religion of the Jews was to be made familiar 
to their children during the earliest years. By contrast, 
how reticent we are on the subject of religion, and es- 
pecially in our homes! Silence may easily be in- 
terpreted as indifference, or at least as a confession 
that religion, though necessary, is not interesting. We 
must see to it that this thing which is of the greatest 
concern to us shall enter more into our talk at the table 
and by the fireside. 

In hundreds of good homes there is no systematic 
teaching of religion and many do not attempt prayers 
or reading of scripture. Were Christians to enter the 
field of teaching in homes, and were they trained or 
directed in doing this, a new day would dawn upon 
the church. 

Teaching religion in the home implies more than 
family prayers. Pictures, singing, conversation, read- 
ing the Bible, praying, helping, must all be proper y 
included in such a program. Fortunate is the child 
who has a good background of Bible stories, a stored 
memory of precious gems from the book, an apprecia- 
tion of great hymns, and an experience with parents 
who prayed, reverently mentioning the names of the 
children as they plead to God for them. 

" How did you do it?" asked an inquirer of a faith- 
ful parent who spoke of his children praying at the 
bedside? " Well, we always did so ourselves, and the 
little ones wanted to share in the same. I don't know 
any date for it," was the reply. 

Any one can have a rich family religion who wants 
it bad enough, and who believes in it hard enough. No 
others need attempt it. Begin by reading a few verses 
at the table and then asking the Father to accept thanks 
for concrete things with which you have been blessed. 
Seek his guidance. Let all be done simply and in- 
formally. Vary the procedure. Enlist other members 
to share in some way, what you do. The service need 
not be long, but plan to have reverence and do not hur- 
ry The service may be had at the most convenient 
period of the day. We have tried evening, and morn- 
ing Some prefer a short period after breakfast. Let 
all be done without a feeling of boredom on the part 
of the children. Be in earnest. Explain scripture 
passages in a few words when necessary. Tell the 
Bible story instead of reading it, when so doing will 
aid. Be sure to worship God. This may be done by 

(Continued on Page 43) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 


Calendar for Sunday. January 19 

SuucVy-scbool Lessor,, Jesus Begins His Ministry-Matt. 
4: 12-25. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Prayer. 
♦ * * * 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Two baptized in the Rossville church, Ind. 
Three baptized in the Zion Hill church, Ohio. 
Three baptized in the San Diego church, Calif. 
Two baptized in the Roxbury church, Johnstown, Pa. 
Fifteen accessions to the Lewistown church, Pa., and 
two reclaimed. 

Three united with the Washita church, Okla., Bro. Geo. 
Eller, pastor-evangelist. 

TW baptized and two received on former in 
the McPherson church, Kans. 

Sii baptized in the Limestone church, Terin., Bro. J. R- 
Jackson of the same place, evangelist. 

Seven added to the Pipe Creek church, Ind., Bro. O. D. 
Werking of Hagerstown, Ind., evangelist. 

Two baptized in the Manchester church, Ind., Bro. F. F. 
Holsopple of Washington, D. C, evangelist. 

Three, baptized in the Ridgely church, Md.. Bro. F. D. 
Anthony, then of Baltimore, Md, evangelist. 

Three baptized in the Hatfield congregation, Pa, Bro. 
Michael Kurtz of Richland, Pa, evangelist. 

Thirteen baptized in the Pleasant Plains church, Okla, 
Bro. R. W. Quakenbush of Ottawa, Kans, evangelist. 

Eight accessions to the Peach Blossom congregation, 
Fairview house. Mi, Bro. M. A. Jacobs of York, Pa, 

Eleveo baptized at the Sycamore churchhouse, North 
Mill Creek congregation, W. Va., Bro. Peter Garber of 
Harrisonburg, Va., evangelist. 

* * * * 

Our Evangelists 

Wai you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray (or the success of these meetings? 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery began Jan. 12 in the Bcaverton 
church, Mich. 

Bro. Ralph Hatton, pastor, to begin Feb. 16 in the First 
church, Toledo. Ohio. 

Bro. C. O. Beery of Martinsburg. Pa., began Jan. 14 in 
the Fruitdale church, Ala. 

Bro. Van B. Wright of Dayton, Ohio, to begin Jan. 20 
in the Troy church, Ohio. 
Bro. E. N. Huffman of St. Joseph, Mo., began Jan. 12 in 
- the Calvary church, Kansas City. Kans. 
* * * ♦ 
Personal Mention 
Bro. D. O. Cottrell, pastor at New Enterprise, Pa., will 
have time for a revival meeting toward spring or during 
the summer. 

Middle Missouri is to be represented on the 1930 Stand- 
ing Committee by Eld. Ira Witmore, with Eld. B. F. 
Summer as alternate. 

Secretary J. A. Robinson of the General Ministerial 
Board should be addressed hereafter at Johnstown, Pa., 
Bedford St. and Miller Ave. 

Bro. John Wieand, 215 Lincoln Ave., Bellefontaine, Ohio, 
pastor of the Bellefontaine church, is available for one 
evangelistic meeting some time within the spring and sum- 
mer months. 

Bro. John R. Snyder, Tyrone, Pa., will have time for 
two more evangelistic meetings between now and October. 
He would prefer churches not too far distant from his home 
church duties. 

Bro, Earl E. Jarboe, pastor of the Burr Oak church of 
Northwestern Kansas, has time for one revival meeting 
any time this spring or early summer. Address him at 
Burr Oak, Kans. 

Bro. M. A. Jacobs, pastor at York. Pa., was one of the 
many ministers of that city who assisted in conducting a 
city-wide prayer meeting the first ten days of, the new year. 
This was in celebration of the nineteenth centenary of 

Sisler Ada Miller, Assistant Editor of the Missionary 
Visitor, represented our church interests last week at the 
annual meeting of the Home Missions Council, acting as 
substitute for Home Secretary Zigler, now at Vanderbilt 
University, Nashville, Tenn. 

SUter Ross D. Murphy, President of the Council of 
Women's Work, has sent us some news items to appear 
next week which indicate that the women of the church 
are in earnest in their Deficit Campaign. In a Maryland 
District every sewing circle has done or is going to do 
something. An Aid worker in Ohio is endeavoring to in- 

terest Sunday-school classes in the project. Impor ant 
matter dealing with the Women's Deficit Campaign will be 
found on page 37 of this issue of the Messenger. 

Bro. J... A. Sell of Hollidaysburg, Pa, now in his eighty- 
fifth year, is enjoying good health, we are glad to learm 
He has never used a cane and his neighbors say that he 
"walks more like a boy than an old man.' 

Bro J. H. Ca.s.dy has a few openings for evangelistic 
meetings in 1930. 'He has just completed a twelve weeks 
campaign in four congregations with over 100 additions to 
the church. Address him at 5712 Conduit Road, 

M Bro. D. C. Campbell of Colfax, Ind, finds the Messenger 
•like a ready prepared meal by a good cook' He also 
finds a contribution for the mission cause and wishes lie 
could give more but " my earning powers are gone and my 
voice has almost failed me." 

Bro. L. H. Root, pastor of the First church. Minneapolis, 
Minn will conduct a revival meeting following the dedica- 
tion and cornerstone placing service which is announced 
for Jan 26 The members are very thankful for a place 
of worship again, says Sister Root, after the unsettled con- 
ditions throughout the summer and fall. 

General Secretary Bonsack is at the Foreign Missions 
Conference at Atlantic City this week. Among other 
representatives from our people are Missionaries A. D. 
Helser and Elsie Shickel of Africa and India respectively, 
Sister Ross D. Murphy of the Council of Women's Work 
and possibly Bro. L. C. Moomaw, layman member of the 
General Mission Board. 

Bro. Harold Snider, pastor of the Sharpsburg church of 
Middle Maryland, sends us this encouraging word: ' With 
a church membership of only seventy-seven and thirty-one 
of this number living on farms from three to fifteen miles 
distant, leaving but forty-six members as residents of the 
town of Sharpsburg, we had an. average church attendance 
of- seventy-two each Sunday throughout the year. Of 
course we acknowledge that visitors helped swell our num- 
bers considerably, but withal we attained the surprising 
average of ninety-two per cent of the enrollment. A 
record like that is a challenge to most other churches, 
surely. How many in the Brotherhood can equal it? 

Miscellaneous Items 

"Appreciation for Our Church" is the monthly theme 
for the January worship at Des Moines, Iowa. Bro. B. T. 
Stutsman, pastor. Has a good sound, doesn't it? 

The Febru«ry program for Men's Work will be found 
on page 36. It is planned to publish the program for any 
given month in the third issue of the Messenger for the 
month preceding. 

~ " I will try by God's help to follow Christ without re- 
serve, to be in my place in church every service for the 
worship of God and my soul's good, to win others to this 
high friendship with Jesus Christ "-these are the three 
things they are trying to do this year at Johnson City, 
Tenn, Bro. Edward K. Ziegler, pastor. 

What two boys did for mission!. The primary and junior 
boys and girls of the West Branch Sunday-school in North- 
ern Illinois earned $67.81 for their Africa project. The 
children all did well investing the 25c given to each of 
them. Two brothers of the primary class invested their 
50c in chickens. They raised twenty, and earned $21.63. 

The bard luck story expert is on the job again, a widely 
known pastor writes us. This time he specializes in "work- 
ing" our young people, representing himself as active m 
the Y. P. D. in a certain city, and as greatly in need of 
five dollars or whatever larger amount you may have 
handy. Can you be on the lookout for him without steel- 
ing your heart against a really worthy call? 

Two program, by Mt. "Morris College will be broadcast 
from station WORD, the Watchtower Radio, Chicago, op- 
erating on 202.6 meters. The first of these programs will be 
given Saturday night, Jan. 18, from seven to eight o'clock 
central standard time. A special feature will be instru- 
mental selections by Mr. Bronson and Mr. Gavin, former 
members of Sousa's band. Miss Pence, Miss Trostlc, and 
Miss Buck will give vocal selections. The second similar 
program will be given Saturday evening, Jan. 25, from 
seven to eight o'clock central standard time. 

Mount Morris College desires to announce its Bible Insti- 
tute which will be held Feb. 16 to 21. President A. C. 
Wieand of Bethany Bible School; M. R. Zigler, Home 
Missions Secretary of the General Mission Board ; Edward 
Frantz, Editor of The Gospel Messenger; and C. Ernest 
Davis, President, and A. R. Coffman, Professor of Bible 
of Mount Morris College, arc among the teachers and lec- 
turers for the week. Others are being arranged for. An 
attempt will be made to secure free lodging for all visitors 
and meals will be served in the college dining hall at 
reasonable rates. ,g, ,3. ,3. 4, 

Progress in Meeting the Mission Challenge 

Records the Districts Are Making 
Thirty-four Districts have registered an increase in giv- 
ing to missions and church promotion for the first ten 
months of the fiscal year which began March 1, 1929. These 

increases range close to $15,000 over the corresponding 
period of the previous year. Because some District* have 
decreased in giving the total of increase stood at $8,530.1/ 
on Dec. 31, 1929. January receipts arc encouraging. 

The Districts that registered an increase are as follows: 
W. Canada; N. 111.; N. Ind.; S. Ind.; Mid. la. ; S. la. ; 
N. E. Kans.; N. W. Kans.; Nebr.; N. E. Ohio ;N^W Ohio ; 
S. Ohio; E. Pa.; Mid. Pa.; S. E. Pa, N. J. & N. Y ; E. Va., 
First Va.; N. Va.; Second Va.; S. Va.; Wash.; 2nd W. Va, 
E. Md.; Mid. Md.; N. & S. tar.; Tenn.; E. Colo.; W. 
Colo ; Idaho & W. Mont.; S. E. Kans.; S. W. Kans.; M,d. 
Mo.; N. Mo.; and Okla, Pan. of Texas & N. M. 

The Districts not making an increase are: S. Ill; Mid. 
Ind.; N. la, Minn, & S. D. ; Mich.; N. Dak & E^ Mont i 
S Pa ■ W. Pa.; 1st W. Va.; Fla. & Ga. ; W. Md.; N. Calif., 
S Calif & Ariz. ; S. Mo. & Ark. ; Oregon ; and Texas & La. 
Oklahoma just barely made the increase column as her 
increase is very slight. W. Md. and 1st W. Va. by a very 
small margin are kept from the increase class. 

N Calif, S. Calif, and Ariz, N. la. & Minn, So 111. 
and N. Dak. registered splendid increases a year ago which 
makes increased giving this year as compared with last a 
harder task. A few Districts that declined in giving a year 
ago find it easier this year to increase over a previous 
low mark. 

Some Districts, notably Mid. Ind, will show a better 
report by the end of January as some churches did not 
get their generous Christmas offerings to Elgin until after 
December was over. 

Six Districts have in ten months exceeded their whole 
twelve months of the previous year as follows: Mid. la., 
N W Kans, 2nd W. Va, N. & S. Car, Tenn, and N. Mo. 
It is worthy of note that both N. W. Kans. and Mid. la. 
registered an increase in the year 1928-9 over 1927-8. Mid. 
la. has an increase in these ten months that exceeds her 
yearly average for the past five years. 

These leading Districts have a great opportunity to reg- 
ister a splendid increase before Feb. 28. Some Districts 
not in the increase list are there unwillingly. Their spirit 
is high, their prayers are earnest but economic or other 
conditions make an increase difficult. 

In this far-reaching effort to meet the mission challenge 
and thus wipe out the deficit there is no thought of coercion 
or of bringing discomfiture, to any District that has not 
been able to increase. Missions must always go forward 
on the essential premise that Christianity is inherently a 
missionary religion. Out of hearts of love and passion 
for the kingdom of God must come the gifts to carry on 
the work. This publicity and what shall follow in suc- 
ceeding weeks is meant only to give out information and 
provide a friendly stimulus for all of us to do our best 
for the cause. .>-:•-:••> 

The following book 

Book Review 

view was prepared by J. E. Miller, Literary 
, Publishing House. Any book reviewed in 
tTe'« column;; and any oih.r, you wish to order, roar be purchased 
througb tbe Brelhren Publishing House, Elgin, Ill.-Ed. 

Church Publicity. By William H. Leach, Editor of 
Church Management. 266 pages. $2.25. 

A pastor who would forcibly place his church before the 
public is often perplexed as to the best means of doing so. 
Anything that promises help along this line is eagerly 
sought by such a pastor, though there may be pastors who 
never waste much time on how to interest people in 
their church and its work. Such pastors think their duty 
is done when they fill an appointment, but the pastor who 
feels the weight of souls resting upon him will not rest 
until he has done his utmost to acquaint, to arouse and 
to win the public. 

Church Publicity presents a thorough and general dis- 
cussion on the entire subject of broadcasting the church 
and its message in the immediate community. But it does 
not stop with generalities. The busy pastor will find here 
specific suggestions as to printed forms and styles, kinds 
of type, and a thousand and one other points all of which 
help to make advertising attractive and telling. 

Dr. Leach tells the pastors how to use the newspaper, 
the mail, individuals, bulletin boards and what not, in 
spreading the gospel message the public should have. He 
isspot satisfied with mere theory, but repeatedly inserts 
certain forms and methods that have been successfully used 
by pastors who make their work go. 

A very helpful section of Church Publicity is that in 
which the author discusses or displays slogans, calendars, 
posters, window cards, yearbook and the like. In fact, he 
treats about every phase of publicity that pastors are 
called upon to meet. 

In this volume there are more than three pages of 
" sentence sermons " suitable for out door bulletin display. 
A helpful feature about these sentence sermons is the way 
in which they are grouped, so that the pastor can readily 
find something for the day and season. 

If I were a pastor and had made up my mind to do my 
utmost to reach in a legitimate, intelligent and effective 
way the people of my community, I would make a thorough 
study of Church Publicity, not with a view of adopting 
everything that others have used, but of adapting such 
parts as I had reason to believe would meet my needs and 
reach my people. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 



Royalty and Romance 
Miri e-Jose o, Belgium and Crown ; Prince : Humbert - 

than the usua. ceremony, royalty 

*"& a°n UheCeot "pageS, was carried forward 
'.""hough kings and 8 queens felt they might be on the* 

last dress parade. — 

Coolfdge on Character 
„, a reeen, address, former President Otri. OrfMg 

any estimate ol P aU eUe , s va ,„ , n 

asset m spiritual values. people 

this respeet we are well equipped. The heart ol « P 

,und" All thinking people will accept tl,e 
>rjden fs judgment concerning the importance of charac 
■' :«n if they ean not quite share his optimism. 

ter i 

Hungarians Leaving Russia 

settlers in Russia is similar to th 
were so glad to get away. 

What Do Pri.on Riots Teach? 

What do the recent prison riots teach? Perhaps ; severa^ 


really help in his reform. In any ^ case, ien „ 

„rogress toward be coming useful cit izens. 
A Typical Hoover Policy 

The Indian population of the country is placed at 338 000. 
Bufas a grcTnp their ^J^T,^,, 
carious, for in spite of all that has Been 
» difficult for the A^;-,^;! 00 
civil zed man's system. Perhaps rresi President 

something, a, least it is the announced .plan £*££»£ 
to make the Indian self-supporting. The rresme v 

reach this goal by providing better raining for he 
Indian young men and women so they will be able 
better care of themselves and their property. 

what is known to the man in the street i U""'* 


wise management of a radio university . 

Driving a Driverleas Car 

backward and forward at the w.U ol and 

Commands were spoken into a «'"'«* > f 

transmitted to receiving equipmen on h car as fl 

Aiinougii tu , equl pped with nis 

:;r t us\r Jmrotr^'to -i- *«*. * 

talking 1 ■ ~~ 

Treasures for Sale 

of his Goodwood house, the English hone 

^:i^ s K:caj^3-- 


Prayerful, Private Medltataon. 



Air Lines in South America 

The current year is sure to see vast extensions in air 
service connections with South America It ,s said tha 
the postoffice department will expend V^J™J£ 
extension of air mail lines down the east coast of *' *° u * 
en, continent. That South America is ready for such ad 
ranees is indicated by the following "f^>- For the 
las, two year, the extension^ lines in South , America has 
forged ahead more rapidly than in the Un ted States 
Today more than 14,000 miles of air routes almo equal 
to the entire United States domestic air mail system, 
in regular operation." 

A Di.tingui.hed Vi.itor From Mexico 
President Elect Rubio of Mexico is taking h« time 
touring the United States. The impression he is making 
is very good and the visit seems to Promise much toward 
a continuation of the better feeling which has of recent 
vears developed between the United States and M«*.co 
President Elect Rub.o is credited with the fo low in : g en 
eral invitation: "I would urge the people of the United 
States to come to Mexico as they now go to Florida for 
their winter vacation. We could assure them of l.w*"" 
everywhere in our land. It is one of our «™ 
to develop the tourist trade between the two countries. 

A Radio University 

The proposal to establish a radio university to be financed 
from a $10,000,000 endowment has been opposed by Secretary 
Wilbur and some others on the ground that such , .project 
would be premature. And if one gives thought to all that is 
involved, he is soon forced to conclude that momentous 
changes in education will naturally follow a realization ot 
the educational possibilities of radio. For example, much 
has been said of the standardization of modern life as it has 
resulted from mass production and the leveling I force ot 
modern means of communication. But what will happen 
when it is possible to blanket the country from one educa- 
tional center, cutting across every line of differentiation 
as it now exists? Of course, books and magazines with a 
national circulation tend to do that now, but a radio uni- 

London Naval Conference 
American delegates to the London Naval Conference to 
be held the last of the current month ^^\ tcT J y 
Jan. 9. Those sailing were: Henry -L. bt.o* , ■ 
of state and chairman of the dcleg a. ™. C1 » am . 

Adams, secretary of th, : navy , Dw , g h W.^ ^ ^ 
bassador to Mexico: David A. KCCQ ' Arkansas." 

sylvania, and Joseph T. Robinson sena o ^.^ 
Two members of the American delegat on were y 

Europe. The two on the ground were^ Ch«^ ^ m . 
ambassador to Great Br. am „d Hugh i G^ ^ 
bassador to Belgium. The stakes m fuse 

e„ce are tremendous, and I propagan a * . $ 

the issues and minunize :« po»b t« ^ ^ ^ 
much in evidence. It is certa my {orces jn 

people everywhere to unite the.r prayers 
order that really significant gains may 

A Layman a. « Church Father 

In ,he popular mind ministers ™^»£S£ 
their share of credit as founders of *^ eS J™ ? , .„ the 
less true for the reason tha, the minister or ev nge 
one who by the very nature of his office .s m the p 
and therefore the recipient of the J""*"^, 
for the building of a congregation And yet 

oi most «™^^:;S co P mes from 
secrated laity. Often the can . foundation 

such a group, and upon such a subs , ,,a , 

"athering them together into th. organization of 
Brethren church in that city; and 1 ae has bee 
J, the organization every ^*- ^ ^lines as a 
California since. Here is one y n .__ 

^r a, wo' S remote -dh and doubtless be inspired 

fo attempt ye' *** ««"«• fa "" MMtW ' "^ 

John 3: 22-36 
For Week Beginning January 26 


I, is not self-hatred and abuse. There ,s no virtue in 
despi ng on 's self. Remember we are God's highest handi- 
work "nd surely as such our own lives deserve proper re- 
gard (Matt. 5: 33; Col. 3:12: 1 Peter 5:5). 

^Llmb^n w,l, allow himself to be trampled un 
i J- ;» Rut lie can he a ventaDie 

when his cause demands it. But he ean 
stone wall too when the occasion requires (Luke 14. 11 , 
14; Eph. 4:1,2). 

H one has some specie, ^ .* - = -^ 

never fall into pride (Rom. 12:3. Col. 2.18, 23). 

Anyone wil be humble. God is above all and the Giver 
of a"h Tarn bu, one of countless millions .-**£» » 
him as much as I. How can I be proud (Psa. 138.6, Isa. 


^trLs every door of the sou. to God. He ean bless 
only the humble (Psa. 32: 2; 19: 12; 10: 17). 

G Z L^^oug"^ " love it- We have fallen 
,^0^ „ Ighto know ^^--W^J-- 
h:,^Micr6 h 8;^22^rja,4:10;Luke,4:„, 

r „ 18- 27- Gen 32: 10; Ex. 3: 11; Joshua 7: 6; Judges 
Gen. IB. ci, ucii. «/«•• i p h M 

6:15;lChron. 29:14. R. H. M. 

Quiet Hour Topics for 1930 

Quiet Hour Topic, ior 1930 ... 
oi'those who m.y «i.h to e"p »"« 
during the coming ye.r. 

For Week Begmniog 
J.n. S. Steaola.tne!!. Tsa. 44: 17- 

19; Jas. 1: 6-18. 
Jan. 12. Waiting t T pon God, r.a. 

Jan! 19, The !«.«" «l God. 1 

ftrfa, Hnmility, John 2: 22-36. 
Feb. 2. Diligence, Luke 2: 49. 
Feb. 9. Conle.sion. Luke IS. 21. 
Feb 16 The Communion ot aainis, 
John 17: 20. 21 • „ „ 

Feb. 23. The Church. Eph. !•»•"• 
Mar. 2, E.ernal Life, John 17! 3. 
Mar. 9. The Comlorler, John 14. 

Ma; M 16,TheLa»orGod.P ? a 9 .9. 
Mar 23, Holiness, 2 Tim. 1. 9. 
Mar ». Forgiven... ol Iniunes, 

Apr. 13. Heaven Rev. 21: l-«- 

Apr. 20, Hope. P.a 39: 7. 

Apr. 27. Faith, Heb. 11 

May 4, The Ble.sed. Eph 1. 3. 4. 

Mav 11. Assurance. Isa. 3^. "■ 

May 18. Christ Our King, R«. 

May 2S. Chastity. Rom. 13: 13. 
June 1, The Frov.dence oi God, 

June's. Tiie Affections, Mark 12: 
June IS Worldly Amusement, and 

Pleasures, Prov. 14: 13. 
June 22. The Anointing Service, 

June's.' Patience, I». S3: 7; Matt. 

published here lor the convenience 
ihc list and .ave it lor relerence 

July 6, Mercy. Luke 6: 36. 

July 13, Meekness, 1 Peter 2: 21- 

j", 20. Christian Liberty, Rom. 

July 27. Answer, to Prayer, Psa. 

AW 'i, The Call ol God. Ma,.. 

Aug. 17. Obedience to God. Deut. 

Aug. 24. Sincerity, 2 Chron. 1: 12. 
Aug. 31, Sell-Denial. Matt. 4: »■ 

Sen"; 7 Abraham. Gen. 22: 949. 
1 pi .4. Jacob. Gen. 48: 8-1 « 
Sept. 21. Joseph. Gen. 45: Hi 
Sep.. 28, How, Deu,. 33: 26-29. 
Oc,. S. Joshua. Jo.hua 1. 1-9. 
Oct. 12. Rulh. Ruth l: '-"• 
Oc. 19, Gideon. Judge. '■"•"■ 
Oct 26, Samuel. 1 Sam. i£- 
Nov 2. David, 2 Sam. 23: 1-7. 
Nov. 9, Peace, 1 Cor. 14: 33. 
Nov. 16. Our Homes. Matt. 26. 

Hov. 3 2J, Thanksgiving. P.a. 103. 
Nov. 30. Bible Reading, 2 nm. «• 
d"; 26 ?. The Chri.lian'. Care ol 
His Body. Rom. 12: 1, 2: 1 Cor. 
„« "'^CelebraUng ihe Birth ol 

De L c° k 2S 2 'T'i;e 4 '01d and -he New 
Year. Phil- 3: 1-16- 

Where People Respect Law 

h, to the 1920 census: "Bellefonainecienry 
stantly growing more and more law-obse . 
of arrests shown il, the report of Chief of Pol, cy 
Lamborne may be taken as a """^^'^ 
were a total of 74 persons -rested on 14 dffe en 

'"^rtWwe X* iS the report 

sion of thanks to other city officials for cou 

during the past year. We know n0 ,h ng c . A. ^ 

situation in this Ohio town except as ,t is 

the clipping. But two things - r d b e t«« . 

first, that Bellefontaine people generally are 

and second, that a ^^ -'^'""her and eobpera.e ,0 the 
the city officials respect each other and co P 
be s, of their ability, Thus, when reading ot 

;.„ like Chicago, just remember 
nation which exists in a city tke Ch.c g ^ homogene - 
tha.theremaybeathousandsmahr ^ ^ ^ 

ous communities where the people v 
Xials are a credit Jojl^o— rt>. 

I„ Cream for . Great City 


following: "The Ch«go me t ^ P .^ creanl| con . 

year, thirteen and a half ■- more than twenty - 

servatively estimated to cost at 

"^rttL^^rh-"-- 1 -, hive 

About 1,000,00 wholesalers iobbers and retaders^ve 
„ very clear conception of «^b»«> ^ ^ 
Because they are so <».« «"'"B B fe (he factors which 
goods, that they can no study w , ines A nd 

Lke for success or fa.lure ,~ h r^ ^ ^.^ 

if one were to ask why all t ww a b|t morc 

assistant secretary of commerce, ,» .^ m 

explicitly that the person s m ,u«sU { (<) (he 

such a precarious margin they can g. 

study of secondary problems. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 

A Real War Memorial 

(Continued From Page .'5> 

ning hither and thither, a woman screaming as she 
clutched to her breast the bloody body of a year old 
baby and watched her baby's head pitch to the gutter. 
There is an outlined design for war's monument. 
I went back to the front line trenches where it was 
" safe " and tried to feel a man again as I faced men 
in combat-trench-killing was modern in type, but not 
,o up-to-date that we killed babies. Our fathers fought 
man to man. sometimes outnumbered, but always they 
were sportsmen before they were soldiers. There was 
no sportsmanship in this last modern, gloriously scien- 
tific adventure. 

I was in the first chlorine gas attack of April, 1915, at 
the second battle of I'pres. My comrades went down 
like dogs in hydrophobia, spuing foam from the mouth, 
their white skins turned black as that of negroes and 
they died— horribly. But there were only a few months 
to wait when we thought of something worse with 
which to pay back the enemy; there was boiling oil 
which we sprayed overhira from a hose as though he 
were the grass upon a lawn— we " watered " him, and 
our enemy wriggled, screamed, and died. Then we did 
not think his debt had been paid in full and so we re- 
leased " tanks " on him. trapped him in trench and dug- 
out without a chance to fight back, man to man. 

" Mercy, mercy, Kamerad!" cried those in a dug-out 
as my old pal Bill shouted—" How many of you are 
down there?" 
" Twenty-six !" 

" Ha, twenty-six— well, look out, here come a few 
lumps for your cocoas — mix that up !" 

Half a dozen hand grenades—" ades " to Paradise or 
hell. Then Bill and I argued whether we would mark 
minus thirteen on our rifle stocks or mark twenty-six! 
There's the outline of a design worth twenty thou- 
sand dollars — a monument to war. 

As a grown-up private I would like to see a true 
memorial to war. I would like all of us who know, to 
honor the artist who can pull the camouflage from off 
this stupid monster, this devourer of babies. I would 
like to honor the man whose artistry will show to gen- 
erations yet to come, how foolish we have been in our 
worship of war. 

No design in stone can ever tell the half of the un- 
sung gallantry, heroism, and romantic chivalry of men 
in war. No one dare detract from the amazing valor 
of people in war, the glory of the national effort, the 
work of civilians, generals, soldiers, and sailors — but 
had each private soldier a hundred medals won upon a 
battlefield no mother's son can emulate him unless we 
provide him with another war of like proportions to the 
last or greater. If I am a true hero and a real patriot, 
I will ask my fellow-man to honor me in silence, for 
no matter how innocent my heroic effort may have 
been, I realize that I achieved my glory through de- 
struction and unhappiness. 

Give the wealth of your imagination in monuments 
to the heroes of tomorrow, the Edisons, Lindberghs, 
Curies, Byrds, Marconis, Pasteurs, Dr. Stresemanns, 
and their kind ; but for war, let the artists dare to paint 
truly for once. 

A true monument to war means the recognition of 
stupidity — horror — s t e n c h — filth — rape — ignorance 
— sin — lunacy. If Chicago be the forward-thinking 
city its citizens believe, if it be in the van of marching 
progress, its war monument will take the form of a 
maniac — there were two hundred and seventy-two 
thousand maniacs sent home from the battlefronts of 
1914 to 1918. You will have no trouble finding them. 
They are in your government hospitals and institutions 
for the insane. 
Why not a true monument? 

The surest way to kill the desire to war is to show 
war to youth as war really is. Not in the highly glori- 
fied manner of the pictures in our school books. Not 
by the spotless, shining uniform of soldiers on parade. 
But war as war is — the war of the trenches, barbed 
wire, and shell holes. Then and then only will peace 
plans and outlawry pacts work. Youth can not be 
frightened away from war; youth can not be scared, 

but modern youth is ever open to the convincing argu- 
ments of common-sense. 

The concept of mental and spiritual disarmament is 
more practical, if more slow, than the scrapping of a 
few " tugs " of war, called battleships. 

Will Chicago lead the way, or will Chicago follow 
the old bell-wether of war's tradition? 

God— the Seeker of the Lost - 


In Three Parts— Pari Three 
We have been taught to think of the older son in the 
family of the story in Luke Fifteen as a good, ex- 
emplary son, or perchance have slurred over this latter 
part of the story as an unfortunate ending to an other- 
wise beautiful and useful story. In the story of the 
elder brother, Jesus makes an offensive thrust at his 
critics; yet for some reason we do not often dwell on 
this part of the story. Let it be said to his credit that 
he staved at home, was industrious, preserved and 
probably added to his (double) portion of the property 
which was given to him when the younger son got his 
share. Let us make his acquaintance a bit more in- 
timately. Let us see him as Jesus pictures him. 

Coming in from the, field he heard a strange hilarity 
in the house that had been sadly silent for years. On 
hearing the occasion for it, think of what he might have 
said : " O, how good, what a load off father's heart ! 
Is it really true? -Here, servant, take care of these 
oxen; I must go in and have a look at the boy." No, 
he sulked. He sat down on a rock beside the barn in 
silent anger. Anxious at the son's delay, the father 
goes out and pleads with him to come in. Then the 
pent-up inner storm bursts into speech: " Here I have 
served you all these years [served does not indicate a 
filial feeling toward his father], have never disobeyed 
an order of yours [he has a good opinion of himself, 
possessed a legalistic sense of righteousness] , and you 
have never given me so much as a kid, so that I could 
make merry with my friends [he had plenty of kids of 
his own he could have used for his merry making; and 
where does this merry making differ from that of his 
brother's?]. But when this thy son [he does not own 
him as a brother] came, who has eaten up your proper- 
ty with women of the street [a thing he could not 
prove, but it shows-the corrupt state of his own imagina- 
tion], for him you have killed the fatted calf [accuses 
his father of unjust partiality]." 

Here is a picture of a darkened inner life, a heart 
full of anger, jealousy, greed, selfishness, lovelessness, 
criticism of his father— a son totally estranged from 
his father's house, though a constant resident in it. 
Feasting daily at his father's table he begrudges his 
brother a single feast on his return. He had spoiled 
his own life by harboring selfishness. He complained 
of not being able to make merry with his friends : it is 
doubtful if he had any friends. 

It is altogether likely that he was largely the cause of 
his brother's leaving home. He was a chronic grouch, 
at odds with the world. He was void of any worthy 
regard for his father. In spirit he was a prodigal son. 
In comparison with him the younger brother is lovely. 
Between the two" you would choose the latter as com- 
panion on a hike or a trip. He was interesting, awake, 
generous, inquisitive, pleasure loving, weak in the mat- 
ter of self-control, but a good sport. Not so his older 

In the face of this parable we have got to change'our 
standards. We have ostracized our boys and girls, 
called them vile sinners for yielding to temptation in 
times of stress in social relations. We have made much 
stir at the sight of a moral delinquency, but our own 
sins of the spirit— anger, temper, greed, jealousy, cruel 
criticism, aloofness, selfishness— these we have styled 
faults, weaknesses of the flesh, but not to be considered 
as anything in comparison with the others. 

If there is any message Jesus wanted to impart with 
this story it is that he regards sins of the spirit as more 
heinous, more damaging, more disreputable, more to be 
shunned even than sins of the flesh. How many sons 
of the Father's house have been driven away by the 
ugly, unchristian spirit of the good old stay-at-homes. 

the grave, staid, uncharitable elder brothers of the 
church' " If that is Christianity, I want none of it, 
is the characteristic expression of folks who are driven 
away from the fellowship of the church by prominent 
members who make a show of their religion and en- 
slave their employees, even to the extent of enforcing 
Sunday labor while they themselves go to church and 
speak flattering words. 

Who can tell what might have been the numerical 
strength of the Church of the Brethren today had not 
the spirit of the elder brother been so effective in driv- 
ing away from home the younger, weaker ones? Note 
that at the close of the story Jesus pictures the prodigal 
son as being at home with the father, while the older 
son is still outside, nursing his grievances. To such he 
said- " The publicans and harlots go into the kingdom 
of heaven before you." Let us pray to be delivered 
from the attitude of the elder brother. 

Take a look at the father. There is mercy for both 
his sons. The one he receives back, forgives and rein- 
states; with the other he pleads and entreats. How he 
yearns for this older son who though always with him, 
yet is so far away in spirit. A revelation of God the 
Father, the Seeker of the lost. 
' St. Joseph, Mo. __ 



Have you ever had "that experience in your life, 
when your soul was devoid of " faith, hope, love, these 
three "? If so, you know my meaning when I speak of 

To some of us, love, happiness, home, sanctuary 
from the world, are but a dream— a dream we know 
will never be realized. 

We, too, appreciate the Good, the True, and the 
Beautiful of life. And having within our natures an 
uncanny understanding of these, we can not avoid an 
inordinate love for them. Then, to find oneself un- 
avoidably barred from attaining the heights beautiful, 
to see oneself emerging from the race of life, a loser- 
only God, himself, knows the depths into which this 
thrusts the human soul. 

Would that the statement, "All men are created 
equal," were true! Would that some of us were not 
born into this world paying, paying for the past- of 
which we know not! If only that ever-hanging debt 
could be paid once and for all! But no! We must 
keep on paying and paying— and for what? And in 
the midst of it all— Gethsemane ! 

In the following lines by -Guy de Maupassant, I 
found a kindred spirit expressing itself more vividly ; 
"What was it? It was the voice ringing with re- 
proaches which torture our soul, clamoring ceaselessly, 
obscure, painful, harassing ; a voice, unappeasable and 
mysterious, which will not be ignored ; ferocious in its 
reproaches for what we have done, as well as what we 
have left undone ; the voice of remorse and useless re- 
grets for the days gone by ; for the joys that were vain, 
and the hopes that are dead ; the voice of the past, of 
all that has disappointed us, has fled and disappeared 
forever, of what we have not, nor shall ever attain; 
the small shrill voice which ever proclaims the failure 
of our life, the uselessness of our efforts, the impotence 
of our minds, and the weakness of our flesh. 

" It spoke to me in that short whisper, recommenc- 
ing after each dismal silence of the dark night ; it spoke 
of all I would have loved, of all that I had vaguely de- 
sired, expected, dreamed of; all that I would have 
longed to see. to understand, to know, to taste, all that 
my insatiable, poor, and weak spirit had touched upon 
with a useless hope, all that toward which it had been 
about to soar, without being able to tear asunder the 
chains of ignorance that held it. 

" Ah! I coveted all, and delighted in nothing ; I bear 
within myself every desire and every curiosity, and I 
am compelled to see all, and grasp nothing. 

" From whence, therefore, arises this anguish at liv- 
ing, since to the generality of men it brings only satis- 
faction? Wherefore this unknown torture which preys 
upon me ? Why should I not know the reality of pleas- 
ure, expectation, and possession? 

What would I not give at times to be allowed not to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 18, 1930 


, t tn feci to live without weariness, and wake 
tWnk ' ° where restlessness is not anxiety, where 

r^fSm an^ish, and existence is not a hur- 

^vh;t'trle g rsispain,unendurab,e 1 tous, 1 s 

Tl^rn^or:— ons along the way-we 

Tte while, lifting our eyes , unte th e , 

wh ^th ou, -help .we find ^ ^ 

the id6 %° o„T x c eo tr^sition into heaven where, 
lease and long expecucu rrv in<> nor pain, 

•■ Neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, 
any more: the first things are passed away. 

Chicago, III *"»~ ' 

Onesimus, the Christian Slave 


-;:-r^pe t of r: s- 

lcss than half the P°P» ^* ^ which * 
different in one respect f rom the slavery* 
are familiar in the history o our « , es 

recrui ted from among em -** J-P ^ 
of the world. The slaves» nes of waj . 

often people of culture Th™ *> rt^ capdve 

and the extens.on of the Roman p 

" omess of the time any attempt at reform jouldje 

unnecessary trouble; a new ^*«££&. 

ered in at the commg of the Lord, ne v 

great truth taught by Jesus that ™mbe "hip m "e 

kingdom does not depend on a man s ™*"**£? 

JL The slave could enjoy all £g%F«J£ jn 

tianity as well as h,s master : For he that is 

the Lord being a slave is the Lord s freedman , 

he that is called being free is Christ s slave 

Our interest in Onesimus is not m the **** £ 
was a slave, but because of the medents referred to ,„ 
Paul's letter to Philemon. Onesimus was a slave of 
Philemon, one of the leading Christians "Coto"; 
His son, Archippus, was probabl y a pr b e r and 
Philemon's house was large enough for Chr - g^ 
erings. Paul was a prisoner at Rome at the tune. Some 
time before. Onesimus had run away from h, ; master 
and gone to Rome for safety. AH down through h 
tory slaves have risked hardship and even daftttte 
themselves from an unnatural state. Ones.mus ha ng 
fled, sought that most likely place, a great ^ 
Th re among the multitudes of a great «"**»" 
center he would he comparatively safe ta»PP 
hension. Then in some way not related .< .the rec 
ord, the fugitive slave had come in contact a 
Jewish prisoner in the Pr*orium._ And strange to 
say, this prisoner had exerted such influence upon the 
slave that he was converted to Christianity. Paid 
speaks lovingly of him as one begotten ,n his bonds^ 
Very likely the influence of the household 

Wk in the Phrygian hills had not been entirely for- 
b go tn And tSe grew up - attachment etween 
The runaway slave and the Christian apostle , the slave 


mitted a crime in running away and his char 
„ could on l y be vindicated by going back to his 
r^td Opting whatever punishment he 
u-„ Further the master was a Christian aiiu 
^fr^u,. So Paul did the only hon 
or-ible thing-he sent Onesimus back to his master. 
And wit him he sent a little note which is a master- 
niece of gentlemanly courtesy and delicacy. 
P So Paul sends Onesimus back to his master, not even 
askmg h t he return, though he considers it would be 
no ^ re than right. Paul is not pleading his own jhts 
in his letter, but only begs that Philemon y.ll treat his 
S£U -1 ,ve him the -ne *£?££ 

r/en'^rived of his services and *£«*£- 
have stolen before he ran away Rather _ffian 
against him. Paul promises to make fF*<££-J^ 

in some way to pay the ncn ,, lvation We 

reform. Master and slave they renamed, but they 

in the love feasts and worshiped «#*«**■ he 

realized the great truth proclaimed by Paul wl * n 

I" There can be neither bond nor free in Christ 
Test "This pirit would bring about -.amelioration 
of existing conditions and finally the abol.t.on of hu- 
man very. Paul was no. asking the eas.est 
P emon: y he might have freed Onesimus an the. 

,j ,rt This love and fraternal regard so strict 

old wine skins of slavery. Slavery was 
and fear but it could not endure m the presence _ 
ove . Had the spirit of the early church bee* mam- 

world would centuries ago have ceasea 
righteous God. 
Chicago, III 

Family Religion 

p»gc m 

onietly bowing the head for a few ^momen **g 
he profitable to pray h^Lords P ^ ^ ^ 
times. Mentor. thesKk, the an(J ^ 

3 soon — w^'had be/n missing such peace 
and delight. FowJ , 0, or _ 

, "I" tS Mills 7 cent A he ,p,ul pamphlet may be 

£ 7i» bv B a" d McAfee Robertson. Thi„k on 
Worship by Harold a]so recom . 

""Id This lastbook costs $1.50. Our Publishing 
Zse at Elgin!™., will get these books for you. 

Huntington, Ind. 


leaders of each B. Y. r u. Hartvi lle, Ohio, at the 

The purpose of .he conference » ( ^^ ca P bmet 
lems of .he local churches The District I a , ing 

h ad ou.lh.ed ,h.t « hey *«« « w « ^P ^ yMng 
needs of each group. These were 

people. w erc- Organization of 

Some thoughts of the «*«"?•* ™" ° ^ otion . Our 
, Y . P. D. should a.d ,n g ne a. ch P^ ^^^ 

aim is to develop young people in ^ . B , f (h(;y 


home church, then grow from this discus5 ion 

The cahine, and the p»sto« , «- ^a^i ^^^ ^ 
of the Y. P. D. problems. We are m . year 

a who.e-hear.ed suppor. u, o M»M. f Nort heas.ern Ohio 
The annual B. Y_ P. "■ ■' (he AsMa „d D.ckey 

will be held Aug. 30-Sept. 1. ^^ 

church, Ashland, Oh.o. 

Creston, Ohio. ~~~ 


h r f,re we left China for furlough 
During the last years WoreM ^ „ 

m 1927, the whole student group in Cm 
parading, striking, ^«^t*, and such 
Manhandling f f * ^,fe many never 
like. They refused to take •>"* oi studc „, hfe 

att ended classes at all, and the v.ho des , ructiv e 

was shot through and through w a „, 

rtfinrWh C r« S,an,bu.i. 
^iu^ac.iveheremSh.usi^ov^ ^ 

Needless .0 say, we came *£•£££ a goo d bit of 
U p our work agam "«^* „ hat « might find here 
apprehension an d un « rta.n ty as t After mofc 

in .his vital fie d o ft n ttousan ^ „ ablc to 

ta^a «: c^itret though firs, impressions are 

not altogether reliable. turne4 from 

In the first place, the s.ude. o China (hought and 

a destructive to a more cons uc « y Nationalists (even 
action: The -'«"""" "'^'^J^reatened with disrup- 
though largely on pap and « and ^ ,„ 

tion), seems to tjive ^ gr£SS bcing m ade to- 

down somewhat. The> hav unequa l treaties, and 

ward the abohuon of the obno ^ hcr m c 

live the nationalist party, vi - ^^^ kar „ the former 

republic of China, etc. The v, break „ p „. 

slogans shouted by "**£?*%, hut these new slo- 

ligious meetings back ™ ^J^ \ he ' foundin g of another 
g ansdominateda.the ce b a. „ f ^ bc 

"™ U f er t'ne ."a! s iu. on to apprecia.e fully the change 
--^^cXcirSrChegun to study 

now that true patriotism « mo agajns( some 

a parade, or going on "»>« a s , udent pr o,es.s 

B reat wrong done to China. Theses 8 ^ ^.^ 

aid serve a great purpose in a rous ng » ^ Wes ,. 

and in awakening .he ^<' ^ * good ei.i.cnship by 
erners. but one can fJ^^iL has produced the 
mere protest. The long history OIL ^ ^^ ., 

tradition that it takes ^^^^urning to .heir s.udies m 
self for public hfe. Students are no w Poli , ka l ambition 

order to get ready Jo serv NewOm ^ q( 

runs high. The »-«J » J can get them. Even 
we „ trained young m n v.h n many ^ prepa „ d 

though the party do J suffer . ^ p<) pr;para . 

workers, yet .. is belter than nav « and scl e„ce 

,io„ a. all. A few F»** 'J* the most popular, 
departments of Shans, U"'«™ ty d , ilical sc ience are 
now the departments o jaw ^ ^.^ 

erowded. This shows that T yu ^^ ^ ^ ch 

prepare for public life .And eve o{ „ 

slipshod school work. . nd one st o{ „ mes 

who seldom study or go to class, y 

are hopeful. h ,„i nn inB to assert themselves 

School authorities are begmmng ^^ ^^^ 

again and in some middle schools of W . mprovc . 

is 8 ve ry good. A ew years w, !*«•>« ,„ lh i„king 
men.. As an indication of how the ^^^ hM(J . 

one might quote a recent o der ^ forbi<lden , 

quarters in Nanking which says. » 
1 (Continutd on P>!= »' 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 

The World's Gold 

(Continued From Page 3?) 

Then there is Daniel, another lad far from native 
land, living amid evil surroundings. His ability caused 
him to climb steadily as a man of affairs in that great 
earthly kingdom. But whenever fidelity to his God ran 
counter to his position, he never hesitated to choose 
God. None of the world's silver or gold or honor 
could buv or induce him to go contrary to the word of 
truth. It meant going through the lions' den to victory. 


Officers were chosen 
der; the writer, Mcs- 
Uauck, Sunday-school 



led for ■■ 

ec^ion ol 

he Christ- 

iage given 

merit, and the young 

On Christmas Eve the 

cniidrcnTdepaVtmenVs' rendered theirprogram of songs and recita' 

Position was not the only thing Balaam had to re- and then «„|« d . the; r_ Christmas treat. After the — 

V hi 
tch night party 

fuse in order to abide by God's word. He also had to 
turn his back on costly gifts. Receiving gifts has al- 
ways been a source of compromise with right. It has 
been a means of corruption all through the world's his- 
tory. Men and women have sold themselves, soul and 
honor, for gifts of silver and gold, only to find it a 
canker that consumed them. 

" Thou shalt not respect persons ; neither take a gift ; 
for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert 
the words of the righteous" (Deut. 16:19). These 
words are as true today as when God gave them to the 
judges and officers of Israel. 

Gifts pervert justice. Witness the conditions when 
its spoiling reached high places in our government. In 
church or state they keep lips closed that should cry 
out against sin. They purchase influence for selfish 

Can the world's gold buy you? Or does the word of 
the Lord mean enough to you to hold you back from 
wealth or position when to gain them you must go con- 
trary to that word? Would that we were always will- 
" ing to be guided by it— the only way to true riches and 

Philadelphia, Pa. 


i Jan. 2 the 

and dinner. The invi- 

! church, and a good time was 

was also the occasion of the 

glad to greet the New Year in 

■ of activity and growth. — Irene 





, prepared. Bro. A. E. 

,e morning ol Dec. 29. 

ess both morning and 

ol Ja. 
lacge crowds. 
Tuesday evenir 
offerings of th 
watch party w 
remaining for i 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


1. H. Shidjcr came 
meeting which was 
ndered on Dec. 23. 
ere elected for the 
inehart, clerk; Bro. 
Shidler, Bay 

ngs which 

I Jan. H.- 


Citronelle (Ala.).— Dec. 22 Brother and Sister 
to the Cedar Creek church to conduct a week 
well attended. A fine Christmas program was 
Dec. 23 the regular council met. All officers 
year: the writer, reelected elder; Sister Goldic 
G. W. Petcher, Sunday-school superintendent.— W, 
St. Louis, Miss., Jan. 2. 

Fruitdale church met in council Dec. 14 and elected new officers for 
church and Sunday-school for the year: Bro. M. Wine, elder; Bro. 
G. W. Petcher, pastor; Bro. S. E. Miller, church secretary and Sunday- 
school superintendent. We arc looking forward 
Bro. Beery of Martinsburg, Pa., will hold for u: 
Mrs. Into Carpenter, Fruitdale, Ala., Jan. 7. 


Gleodale (First) church met in business session Dec. 9; Eld. J. P. 
Dickey acted as moderator. The original name chosen for this church, 
First Church of the Brethren, Glendale. was retained, although several 
Other names were favored by some. A building fund has been started 
and the Christmas offering by the Sunday-school amounted to $5052. 
A previous donation by the Win One class was the first offering toward 
this cause. Eleven souls have been born into the kingdom since this 
work started. A Thanksgiving food shower was given the pastor 
and wife, Brother and Sister Carl, as a token of appreciation for their 
untiring work here. The Thanksgiving offering sent to the General 
Mission Board amounted to $63.65. Our Christmas cantata was a 
splendid success and the children's program given the following evening 
was enjoyed by alL First church. Los Angeles, favored us by giving 
their cantata here Dec. 27.— Mrs. Wm. Terford, Los Angeles, Calif.. 

Rio Linda church held its regular members' meeting Dec. 23. Bro. 
J. A. Smeltzer was reelected elder for the year. The Sunday-school 
gave a Christmas program the morning of Dec. 22. Dec. 27 the deputa- 
tion team from La Verne College rendered their annual program; it 
was exceptionally good and enjoyed by all.— Mrs. L. P. Robertson, Rio 
Linda, Calif.. Dec. 30. 

San Diego.— First church had a season of rejoicing on Dec. 22. We 
had 145 in 5unday-school and the preaching hour was given over to 
the primary department for their Christmas program which was very 
interesting and well rendered. Immediately afterward three young 
men who had formerly decided for Christ ■ 
evening our young people gave a pageani 
Olden Times. Dec. U the District Aid Offic 
After dinner a very inspiring program wai 
many new and helpful suggestions. Begini 
take up the study of the book of Revel 
instructor.— Sasie Michael, San Diego, Calif. 


Winter Park-— Dec. 26 the church met in council 
officers were elected for the year: Elder, Bro. C. 
Bro. Floyd Rogers; Messenger agent, Bro. J. W. Chambers; the writer, 
correspondent. The Sunday-school was teorganized with Bro. James 
Richards as adult superintendent. A number of tourist brethren have 
visited us and some are spending the winter here. We welcome 
any who would like a church home in the South. Our communion 
en Nov. 17 was well attended. A number of visiting ministers were 
present. Our young people gave a very interesting program on Con- 
secration on Jan. 5. We have recently organized a Junior League 
and hope to have a share in the mission project lor this year.— Bertha 
Frantr, Winter Park, Fla., Jan. 6. 


the play. Ye Who Sit by the Fire, which was much aPP»«3tcd- 

ChrisLI; eve the children gave their program. On New Year - - 

a watch party was enjoyed by a large number— Mrs, 

Napervillc, 111., Jan. 9. 
Martin* Cr«ek church met in council Dec. 2 

for the coming year: Urias Blough reelected eld. 

senger agent and correspondent; Bro. Chas. ftl. 

superintendent. Two trustees were chosen to fill 

having services when roads and weather permit. 

Geff, 111.. Jan. 3. 
ML MorrU.-The first of our Christmas programs was given tr., 

eveoing of Dec. 22 when a fine large group of young people «f 

church gave a contota, His Natal Day. under t 

Mrs W. E. Hill. The church was tastefully deco. 

mas season and added much to the effectiveness o 

in song. The solo work was of exccptic--' 

people made it a very* worth-while prograi 

service some thirty 

young people divided into groups and went out to sing caroli 

the various shut-in members of the congregati 

a most blessed season. On New Year's Eve a 

held in the church basement, with some sixty m attendance, lbe group 

met at nine o'clock in a social hour, after which a program of sours 

and instrumental music and readings followed, and then as midnight 

neared the time was given over to a devotional period 

McCune leading in prayer as the New Y 
Aid held their annual all-day 
i/as general to members of thi 

reported by those in attendance. It 

opening of the mite boxes. We are 

this way, and look forward to a yeai 

Hecker, Mount Morris, III., Jan. 3. 
Polc-Our congregation enjoyed a Christmas cantata given by 

on Sunday evening, Dec. 22; the children gave the program — 

mas eve At this time the members and friends had ; 

shower for the pastor and his family. January being the 

anniversary of our church, a week's program 

Wagoner of Dakota, III., gave the address c 
md Bro. J. W. Lear of Chicago^gavc the i___ 

" . 5. These addresses were very much enjoyed by 
During the week there were miscellaneous programs. 
i a birthday collection was taken; this with the other 
■ week is to be used for basement improvements. A 
'a the impressive feature of New Year's eve, sixty-six 
he service. Thursday evening other ministers of the 
helped with the programs which were very helpful to everyone 
jus't starting in the new year. Wc are very hopeful for another 
prosperous year of service.-Mrs. Chas. Butterbaugh, Polo. III., Jan. 6. 
Sprtngfiald.-Oct. 27 was rally day; our goal was 120 and 122 were 
present. Wc rejoice thai one sister has been reclaimed. Dec. 22 our 
Sunday-school gave a splendid program tn the morning. In ^tne 
evening the young people gave a program including a Pageant. 
Sisters' Aid is publishing a parish paper, The Brethi 
getting it in the homes in the community It is helpmi 
attendance. Sister Sell is the editor. Our Aid report: 
money has been made the last year than in the previous rive years. 
Brother and Sister Sell are giving us splendid sermons each Sunday. 
The mothers and daughters are giving a good program each month. 
At the December meeting the offering was turned over for missionary 
purposes. The ladies' adult Bible class has adopted the " sunshine sis- 
ter " idea for the coming year; our aim is to create a friendlier spirit 
toward each other. A r.umber of our young people attended the 
B Y P D. conference at the Woodland church; they enjoy a social 
the last Thursday of each month. Our council meeting will be held 
Jan. 8 when church officers for the year will be elected. Since our 
last report a class for young married people has been organized, also 
a men's Bible class.— Mrs. Edna Rucker, Springfield, III., Jan. 6. 

Went Branch church met in council Dec. 15. W. H. Cardell was 
chosen treasurer for the coming year and Mary Zigler, clerk. Va- 
cancies on several committees were filled and committee reports read. 
S. S. Plum was unanimously elected elder for another year. A com- 
mittee was appointed to solicit money to get the hymnal for our 
church use. A cantata was well rendered at Christmas time. Jan. 6 
President Davis of Mt. Morris brought us a much appreciated message 
on Why I Face the Future of Mt. Morris College with Confidence.— 
Mrs. F. H. Butterbaugh. Polo, Dl., Jan. 6. 


Bethel Center.— Our quarterly council convened Dec. 12. Bro. J. A. 
Miller was retained as elder; Sister Delia Canter, elected church clerk; 
the writer, Messenger agent and correspondent. Our Sunday-school 
was again remembered at Christmas time by Bro. Levi Winklebleck of 
Waterford, Calif., who sent nuts and figs. Dec. 22 our young people 
rendered a short Christmas program. Eld. J. A, Miller is filling our 
pulpit the second and fourth Sundays of each month.— Mrs. A. G. 
Monroe, Upland, Ind„ Jan. 2. 

Center church met in council Dec. 10. Church officers were 
elected: Elder, David Metzler; clerk, Bro, Eli Burger; trustee, Bro. 
Albert Burke. The Christmas program planned for Dec. 22 had to 
be postponed.— Lucy M. Burke, Walkcrton. Ind., Dec. 31. 

Manchester.— The month of December has been full of good things 
for the Manchester church. On Dec. 1. we opened our series of 
meetings with Eld. F. F. Holsopple of Washington, D. C, as evan- 
gelist. We had two weeks of powerful and inspiring sermons by Bro. 
Holsopple. On one night of each week the young people of the 
church and the college were given special invitation, and services 
were arranged for their benefit. The young people^ responded well 
and added much to the interest of th« 
of the entire church was built up. Two were receivct 
by baptism. On the evening of Dec. 16, we held 
service. The membership responded to this vital serv 
with a large attendance. Under the direction of the 
mittee, the church brought a Christmas offering of 

generous offering taken for this 

Bro. T. A. Shively was reelected 

hosen for the 

29, Much interest was shown and a 

work. At our regular council Jan. 4 

elder and other church officers were. -..— - 

Aid Society furnished the Thanksgiving dmncr for the Mexico tt 

and gave three baskets to familf" 

taining ninety-six garment: 

ings Street Mission 

District and General 
Peru, Ind., Jan. 6. 
Pleasant Valley cln 

granted and three Wi 
Our Sundayschool r 

. our community. A 

i comforts was sent to 

i Chicago. The Aid also sent offcrm 
lission Boards at this time.-Martha O. 

ch met in council Dec. 10. Thirte< 
r c received. Officers for the year 
ctary gave a report for 



^tendance was three gained over last year.-Mrs. Maggie Nihart 
Middlebury, Ind., Jan. 8. „ 

Roseville.-Oct. 4 our regular fall communion was held with 
John Root officiating. On the first Sunday of 
missiongrams are read. Oct. 20 some African curi 
and explained. Thanksgiving evening a union serv 
Rev. Burton of the Presbyterian church giving th« 
the missionary playlet. Voices in the Night, was given together 
stereopticon pictures of the Greene County Industrial School, 
offering of $11.22 was taken lor world-wi - 
Christmas program was given by the beginners, pr.. 
classes of the Sunday-school. In the evening a lecture 
picture ol The Other Wise Man was given by Bi 
Christmas missionary offering of $36.36 w 
have been elected; Floyd Gochcno' 

each month the 
is were exhibited 
;c was held with 
address. Dec. 1 


primary and junior 

and stereopticon 

3. Branson. A 

Various church 

Sunday-school super- 


.ntendent. The Aid Society has completed arrangeme. 

ing the parsonage. Regular preaching services by _the home 

are held ' 


J; " 


second and fourth Sundays of each month; ! 
Sunday evening. On New Year's eve two were baptized 
he church met in council and reports of the past year s work 
ad and approved.— Lillian A. Hufford. Rossville. Ind., Jan. J. 
" Walton church met in council Jan. 2. The financial report of the 
church for the past year was given, including reports from the Aid 
Society and Junior League. The chief business of the meeting was 
the election of church officers for the year. A group of young people 
from North Manchester will appear at our church in the near future 
program.-Mac Bcckley. Walton, Ind., Jan. 6. 
hurch met in council Dec. 28. The financial budget 
us accepted. Our pastor, Bro. Goodmiller, was rciained 
ir. A committee was appointed, together with the pastor, 
program for the year's work. Two Sundays of Jan-"" 

to present ; 
West Eel River c 

for the year \ 
for another ye 
to outlii 

February have been s 

i Good Will; by 
that more 

Board. Our two w 
of Columbiana, Ohit 
ber's home was vi 
manifested throughi 
the weather. Two 
was built up spirit 
Strausbaugh officia 
Miller and Goodmi 
Easter week.— Mrs 




vith : 

the Get 


S. Strausbaugh 

Practically every mem- 

1 a good interest was 

e was good considering 

ind we feel the church 

held Dec. 14 with Bro. 

Deaton, Freed, Hugh 

expect to have special services during 

Florence Grubb, Silver Lake, Ind., Jan. 6. 

al conducted by 
came to a close Dec. 15. 
iled during this time, ar 
it the meeting. Atleiidan 
vere received by baptism 
ally. Our love feast was 
ing, assisted by Brethrc 


The spiritual life 

ice of the church 
missionary com- 

! baptizi 
entitled, A Christmas of 
ers paid their annual visit. 
s rendered which included 
ning Jan. 2 we will again 
ation with our pastor as 
, Jan. A. 

. __nday-school as well as other organizations, con- 
tributed to this fund. An impressive dedication service, conducted 
by the pastor, was held at the morning worship hour. On the evening 
of Dec. 22 the children gave the Christmas story in a beautiful 
pageant.— Olive B. Bagwell, North Manchester, Ind., Jan, i. 

Mexico church counted it a wonderful blessing to have with us 
Brother and Sister O. H. Austin of McPhcrson, Kans. By their 
enthusiastic efforts from Nov. 27 to Dec. 16 we were rewarded by 
seeing twenty-one confess Christ. Bro. Austin gave us good rousing 
sermons while Sister Austin ably led the song service. Jan. 2 we 
met in council. Bro. Walter Balsbaugh was again reelected presiding 
elder for the year; Sister Grace Stofler, chairman of the adult Chris- 
tian Workers. The church has called for the laymen's district con- 
ference to be held here some time in the near future.— Gelia A. Pugh, 
Mexico, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Nappanee church met in council Dec. 26 to complete the reorganiza- 
tion for the year. On account of a smallpox epidemic, our revival 
meeting will be postponed till next fall, and our love feast until spring. 
Sunday morning. Dec. 22, the children gave a Christmas program, and 
had a pageant, Bethlehem. Jan. 5 our pastor " 

made plai 

Bethel.— At our January business meeting 
year in 1930. Bro. Funderburg of Chicago -was reelected eld 
spondent, Mrs. Gertie Peters; Messenger agent, '* 
our elder gave a talk on the work of the Distri 
Day a union service was held at our church, Rev 
minister, speaking. Sunday evening. Dec. 1, the 
gram and the following Sunday 

for i 


Nov. 17 
On Thanksgiving 
iwford, Methodist 
men gave a pro- 

Paul Studebaker, 
evening the youn 
Jan. 6 to 12 is oi 
of the ministerial 
speaker; Sunday 
speak. Special m 
Nappanee. — Mrs. 1 
Pipe Creek 

ith B: 

added to 
The Byl< 

i of Faith. 

people gave a pageant, Facing the New Year. 

week of prayer, according to the annual custom 
ssociation. Each evening there will be a different 
vening Bro. J. Clyde Forney of South Bend will 
sic will he furnished by the preachers' quartet of 
arley Geycr, Nappanee, Ind., Jan. 7. 

very inspiring series of meetings Nov. 

. O. D. Wcrking of Hagerstown : 

the church 

,nd the 



Dec. 15. DcWitt Miller, a Bethany Bible School student, 
brought the message- In the evening we had a musical program, 
untig the hymns of Carrie Breck. Dec. 22 the young people gave 

of North Manchestei 

Christmas progra 
:hildren brought i 
Black Brothers' fund. An offering for the 
was also taken, making a total of $136.35. r 
apolis of the Anti-Saloon League gave a very 



splendid musical 
postponed until 
returns for the 
il Mission Board 
indner of Indian- 
ting address Dec. 


Beaver church has been having some good things. Oct. 6 the 
Sunday-school held a rally day program and a basket dinner. Nov. 11 
Prof Weaver gave his chalk talk which was fine. The Aid served a 
chicken dinner the day before l Thanksgiving. The Sunday-school gave 
a program to a full house on Christmas eve. The B. ,Y. P. D. meets 
regularly every Sunday, also the junior B. Y. P. D. and Bible study 
class. We are sorry to have three oi our members move to another 
Our pastor, C. B. Rowe, is giving us good Bible ser- 
Powers, Beaver, Iowa, Jan. 2. 

21 we met for communion services. Several 
members from other congregations were present. 
Bro. O. E. Messamer of the Panther Creek church officiated. Nov. 3 
a very interesting temperance program was given. Dec. 1 a Thanks- 
giving program was rendered by the juniors and intermediates. An 
offering was also taken at this time. At the regular council on 
Dec. 21 officers were elected for another year. Bro. Haughtelin was 
unanimously chosen as elder. Our Sunday-school attendance is still 
growing.— Mrs. E. O. Reed. Yale, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

Ivester.— The holiday season has been full of good things for the 
Ivester congregation. Thanksgiving day was observed with an appro- 
priate sermon and a liberal offering. The Sunday preceding Thanks- 
giving a songalogue was rendered by a reader and chorus. This was 
a very impressive service. The children of the junior and primary 
departments observed a white gift service. Their gifts were sent to 
the Industrial School in Virginia. The adult department gave their 
gift as an offering to the Smith family support, The Sunday-school 
has taken the support of the Smith children in addition to the support 
of Brother and Sister Smith. This offering amounted to $302. The 
juniors and young people each gave a Christmas pageant on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 22. A watch service was enjoyed by a large number, 
the last night of the old year. This service was in the form of a 
rededicatton of our lives to a more consecrated work in the new 
year. The past Sunday-school quarter has had an average attendance 
of twenty above that of the same quarter last year. Our pastor has 
given a number of stereopticon lectures which have been helpful. A 
special council was called for the planning of the finances for this 
year The envelope system will again be used. The regular council 
will not be held until Jan. 14. This was done so the treasurer might 
have his books balanced. We are glad to have the church work 
progressing and every one taking part in the advancement of God's 
kingdom.— Mrs. R. W. Button, Eldora, Iowa, Jan. 2. 

Ottumwa church met New Year's Eve for a watch meeting. The 
forepart of the evening was spent in a program of readings, musical 
numbers and talks, after which refreshments were served. Then 
followed a much enjoyed social hour. The Ladies' Aid Society met 
and elected the new officers for this year. President. Mrs. J. Q. 
Goughnour. We are encouraged for the outlook for the Ottumwa 
church for the coming year, and are concentrating our efforts toward 
a revival meeting in the near future.— Grace L. Goughnour, Ottumwa, 
Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Appanoose.— One evening in October approximately 100 members and 
neighbors gathered in the home of our pastors, Brother and Sister 
Samuel Bowman, to show them our appreciation and to welcome them 
among us. We were glad also to have with us Brother and Sister 
W. B. Devilbiss of Ottawa. Bro. Devilbiss- is a member of our District 
Ministerial Board. There were speeches of welcome and appreciation 
and a response by Brother and Sister Bowman. Nov. 9 we held our 
communion services. Bro. W. H. Meyers, pastor of the Washington 
Creek church, officiated, assisted by Brethren Bowman and Smith. 
Dec. 8 Bro. D. A. Crist of Quinter came to give us a series of lectures 
on his trip to the Bible Land. His talks seemed to be much appreciated 
and we feel our faith has been strengthened. In our special mis- 
sionary offerings, the pastor is urging that we put forth our best 
efforts to help cancel the deficit. Our Sisters* Aid sent a Christmas 
gift of $10 for this work and we are anxious to accomplish more 
between now and March 1. We had programs both for Christmas 
and Thanksgiving.— Mrs. John Beekner. Michigan Valley, Kans., Jan. 3. 
Independence.— Dec. 6 Bro. G. E. Weaver of California gave an illus- 
trated chalk talk which was enjoyed very much. A Christmas program 
was rendered on Dec. 22. Our weekly cottage grayer meetings are 
well attended; they are held mostly in the homes' of those unable to 
attend church services. Dec. 31 our church gave a banquet in honor 
of the new me/nbers received into the church during our late revival; 
also for those who have recently moved into our midst.— Mrs. J. L. 
Amos, Independence, Kans., Jan. 3. 

McPherson.— At the close of the Christmas program Dee. 22, the 
church surprised the pastor and wife. Brother and Sister H. F. 
Richards, in honor of their silver wedding anniversary. After an 
appropriate reading and vocal solo the mystified couple were called 
to the platform where J. J. Yoder in behalf of the congregation spoke 
appreciative words of their valued services and presented them with 
a silver bowl filled with silver coins. Prof. J. Hugh Hcckman is 
conducting a series of discussions on the book of Acts each Thursday 
evening. Mrs. Myrtle Pollock, who has been visiting her parents for 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 



in China. 


Kans.. Jm 



c added to t 
iorincr bapti 

jciety last Thursday 

church on Jan. 5, 

n.— Edith McGaffcy, 

W „bhu,t.n Creek church met in conned Dec 
i ,,, the Cradle Roll and home department, ai 
J tor some time. We held our communion 
i™"!, a h S«l tveddir* took pi, 
R„,i. Hoover and Mr. Garmon Dare,. » 
.,„ the golden anniversary oi the 
anniversary of two brothers 
ceremony a 

It was decided to 
which had been 
n services on Nov. 23. 
,e church when Miss 
ied. The occasion was 
: bride's parents and the silver 
Sister of the bride. After the 
dinner was served to some seventy invited guests. On 
Chris-mas eve our Sunday-school and church gave a short program.- 
Mrs W. H. Meyers, Overbrook, Kans., Jan. 5. 


R M noke church met in council Dee. 28. The following officers were 
i^ed Elder. J. F. Hoke; clerk and D. Y. P. D. president, Lois 
Troutman; correspondent. Maurinc Bowers. Dec. 29 Sunday-school 
nfficers and teachers were chosen, supe 
n7 c 29 Bro. G. N. Boone of McPhcrs 
addresses entitled. Vocational Guidance 
p eet A number of students and teachers spent 
home congregation. The young peoph 
session Friday evening A program was 
afterward surprise gift boxes were presents 
Hoke and Fircstone.-Maunne Bowers, Roa 
•egular preaching service was Sunday night^Dec 29. 
Baker, was present and had wilh him Bro. Wm. 
der. Bro. E. M. Detwiler. Bro. Detwiler gave us a 
which we had our business meeting. We 
April) on account of 
tendance.— Mrs. Zadic Harper, Flintstone, Md., 

Christmas program on Dec. 22 consisted mainly of a cantata, The 
Story of a Christmas Gift. It was put on by the young people assisted 
by a few others, and was a decided success.— Ida Singleterry, Clovis, 
N. Mex., Jan. 3. 

Fraternity congregation met in council Dec. 6. Church officers were 
elected for the year; Elder, H. J. Woodie; Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, H. D. Robertson; church clerk, R. W. Sides; Messenger agent and 
correspondent, Mrs. Bruce Nelson. Dec. 14 we enjoyed having Bro. 
Henry Eller and family with us; he gave a very interesting talk on 
Sunday-school work. Our church gave a program on Christmas eve 
—Mrs. Bruce Nelson, Winston-Salem, N. C, Dec. 29. 


Black Swamp church met in council Dec. 11. 
elected class leader of our prayer circle for 
Christmas pageant was given by the adults 
Dec. 24 our regular Christmas program wa 
readings, recitations, special music and 

lenger agent. 



Ida Garner was 

car. Dec. 22 a 


itendent being E. 
in College gave two inspiring 
nd Clean Hands and Beautiiul 



inted to $18.11.- 


Clcndale.— Oui 

Our pastor, G. l 
Steele and our el 
very interesting I 
closed our Sunday-school Dec. 29 J to reopen i 

class met in regular 
Christmas eve; 
pastors, Brethren 
, Jan. 5. 

Baker, Lemoyne, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Eaton church met in council Sept. 7. Bro. David Peters was again 
chosen Sunday-school superintendent. The work is progressing nicely. 
The junior and primary departments have tripled their attendance dur- 
ing the past year; the church is also keeping step. Oct. 19 the whole 
Upper Twin congregation held their fall love feast here with Eld. N. B. 
Wine of Dayton, our former pastor, officiating. Bro. Geo. Deaton of 
Claypool. Ind., also was with us and filled the pulpit the following 
morning. Bro. Frank Denlinger of Anderson led the singing. Nov. 24 
we were richly blessed by three addresses by *" 
baugh of Chicago, a I 
address was to the mo 
city addressed the fath 

■etings began 


program i 

Jan. 3. . 

Poach Blosaom.-Oti Nov. 24 our revival m< 

Fsirview house conducted by Bro. M. A, Jacobs „. . ~. -, ..... - 

and evening of the first day a very helpful joint peace 

pas given by the Ridgely and Peach Blossom congregations. 

Frank' Carper of the District Welfare Board and Bro. Jacobs gave 

did addresses. It was decided to use the offerings in local welfare 

The revival services continued two weeks. Bro. Jacobs giving 

incere and able messages. There were eight accessions to the 

had a well attended Thanksgiving service. The offering 

Dec. 15 we met with the Denton 

several of the adjoining churches 

evangelism. The messages were 

arnest effort in our Lord's work. 

Nativity, was well rendered 

day i 


hurch. We 
,'rnt towards the mission defici 
hurch for three sessions in wh 
ook part. The general theme 
ucli as to inspire one to a mo 
pageant, 1 

full house at Eastc 
young people are 

ind the 

if the church is progre: 
One Sunday evening each month is give 
_ workers. Their discussions, readings an 
social Viric "arc* Vlpiul. Their offerings are used to help slippo, 
a missionary in Africa. A class of about twenty is instructe' ■ 
music one evening each week by a competent teacher.— M 
Walbridge, Easton, Md., Jan. 1. 

Ridgely.— Bro. F. D. Anthony of Baltimore helped _ us 
effort, beginning Oct. 13. He preached 

Lower Miami.- 


i program 


Spirit-filled sermon each 
added to the church by baptism. 
Dec" lo"we"held"our council. Bro. L. R. Brumbaugh was reelected 
elder for three years and Bro. H. H. Ziegler continues as pastor.— 
Mary Cherry. Ridgely, Md.. Jan. 3. 


,1 under the efficient leader- 

d continue (or ten days or 

ther and son banquet was 

iceting of the year 

coming year. Most 

rluding Perry Arnold as presiding 

t the Inn, was presented the Sunday 

week later a beautiful candle-lightii 

Bt-averton church is anticipating 
ship of J. Edson Ulery, to begin Jan. 12, a 
longer. Early in December a successful fa 
Biven in our church. At the last memb 

fficials were selected and plans were laid f< 

] the officers were retain* 

lder. The pageant, No Roc 

vening before Christ! 

: opened the New Year. Needy < 
remembered at Christmas with 
1.78 was sent to the Mission Board. 
especially active during the pas 
plished projects being the spon! 


d sick of our community 
gifts, and an offering of 
Ladies' Aid Society has 
months; one of their accom- 
needed finishing work on our 

.....rch basement. The young people spent a delightful evening at 
home of our pastor. Perry Hoover, on New Year's Eve. The present 
enrollment of our Sunday -school is around 120-Joseph Van Dyke, 
Bcavcrton, Mich.. Jan, 6. 

Detroit (First).— Our people met in a union service on Thanksgiving 
Day at the Bethlehem M. E. church. Dec. 4 at our quarterly council 
the church officers were elected for the year. Bro. A. O, Mote was 
chosen as elder. A new (cature of our church suppers, on the second 
Wednesday of each month, is that following the supper we have a 
short program. This added attraction increases the attendance at the 
supper. Dec. 11 we had the pleasure of hearing the police quartet. The 
same night the various committees elected their chairmen for the year. 
The Christmas pageant was given on Dec. 22. On New Year's eve 
there was a watch party at the church. Each adult class contributed 
some part of the entertainment and it was much enjoyed by all present. 
We are very glad to have with us again Brother and Sister H. L. 
Fahrney who were charter members of this church; they have returned 
after an absence of six years. Bro. Fahrney is a deacon and they 
are both helpful workers in the various church activities— Mrs. Walter 
K. Gordon, Detroit, Mich., Jan. 7. 


South St. Joseph church has for some time felt th 
church room as we have eight Sunday-school classes 
rooms, so we decided in council to raise the building 
higher and excavate the ground for a basement. Wi 
building raised and wall almost complete and the ex 
finished and will soon plan to put in the cement floor. There will 
possibly be an auditorium 36 by 40 which can be divided into Sunday 

hool rooms by curtains, and another large room 24 by 28 divided 
'or furnace and coal bin, dressing room, wash rooms and kitchen. 

will he a two way entrance— one from inside and one outside. 

is Being donated by the members and friends and the sisters 
lunch at the noon hour. We are receiving donations from any 
who feel willing to give to such a good cause. An invitation is offered 
'o any of the Brethren to visit us and inspect this great improvement. 
On account of the construction we were deprived of services (or two 
Sundays in December and deferred our Christmas program til! last 
Sunday evening.— E. N. Huffman, St. Joseph. Mo., Jan. 4. 


Af ton.— Dec. 1 Bro, Roy Teach, secretary of McPherson College, 
was in our community over the week. 
"lis in the interest of the college and 
a very inspiring sermon. We arc aKvaj 
>ng brethren and sisters, especially thos 
^"irch benefits greatly by such contact 

need of more 
and only four 
eighteen inches 
now have the 

y from India. Her afternoon 
daughters. Dr. L. R. Emerick of this 
ns. Dec. 8 the mothers and daughters 
,.„.jh for organization, choosing Sister I. G. Blocher as 
lent. Dec. 1 the preaching hour was filled with special music 
bed by home talent. The Christmas program was rendered Sun- 
norning Dec. 22. In the evening the intermediate Sunday-school 
class gave a pantomime and Eld. A. G. Crosswhitc gave a splendid 
reading on Christmas, Long Ago. Jan. 4 we met in council. Com- 
mendable reports were read by our treasurer, missionary committee 
and the Sisters' Aid. We received one into the fold by baptism on 
Jan. 2.— Mrs. Emma B. Deaton, Eaton, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Harris Creek.— The members are enjoying worshiping in a newly 
decorated house. For this improvement we are indebted to the Aid 
Society. We enjoyed a well rendered Christmas program Dec. 22. 
The white gift offering, of $"1 was given for world-wide missions. On 
Monday evening thirty-one of our members went out caroling, stopping 
at ten homes. The Up-Strcamers' class of young people made Christ- 
mas candy for the shut-ins which was distributed the same evening. 
The Elgin Training Course is being studied in our Y. P. D. each 
Sunday night under the leadership of our pastor. D. G. Berkebile.— 
Fhern Cassel. Bradford, Ohio, Dec. 30. 

division of our church rendered a very 
ra Sunday evening. Dec. 22. assisted by 
-. chorus. All offerings of the day were turned over 
to the General Mission Board. Different classes of our Sunday-school 
took boxes and baskets to shut-ins of the community; provisions were 
also taken to some unfortunate families near by. Bro. Glenn Garber, 
who is temporarily located in Dayton, has filled our pulpit a number 
of times lately; his sermons show much deep thought and arc always 
edifying. Dec. 29 Bro. John Garst of Highland, Ohio, preached for 
us in the morning, and Bro. Robert Noffsinger of Manchester College 
gave a talk on the subject of Peace in the evening; both messages 
were good. Sister Martha Rust of Manchester College gave a chalk 
talk for us recently which was very much appreciated.— Blanche E. 
Furrey, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Toledo (First).— At our recent council, Dec. 2, Bro. Jay Hornish was 
reelected elder for the fourth year. Owing to the increased Sunday- 
school attendance it was necessary to enlarge rooms in the church 
basement. The primary department now has separate opening exer- 
cises in the basement. We -have organized a Junior League which 
meets each Sunday evening with Vera McKimmy. president. On 
Sunday morning, Dec. 22, the third annual fireside service was held; 
each one attending brought articles of food. From these, baskets were 
made up and delivered to the needy on Christmas eve. The Christmas 
program was rendered by the Sunday-school on Dec. 22. The offering 
of $23 is to be used toward the new furnace. The candle light service 
was held Dec. 29 when the church was lighted by 100 candles. A 
pageant. The March of the Months, was rendered, followed by a New 
Year's sermon by the pastor. Bro. Hatton is conducting a teacher- 
training class on Wednesday evenings, following the mid-week prayer 
meeting Six of our teachers are taking a course in the Toledo Train- 
ing School for church leaders; this school has an enrollment of 250 
We have two organized basket ball teams in our Sunday-school, entered 
in the Sunday-school league of the East Side. We have organized 
two boys' clubs, one for boys nine to thirteen, under the leadership oi 
the pastor; the other is a Pioneer Club for boys thirteen to sixteen 
under the leadership of Henry Torrence. These clubs are organized 
under the supervision of the Y. M. C. A. and in December this church 
had both honor teams out of twenty-two clubs. During January Bro. 
Hatton will preach a scries of Sunday evening sermons on the Home: 
The Modern Home, Our Modern Youth, Our Modern Family Bible and 
Our Modern Homes and the Government (stereopticon lecture). Our 
revival will begin Feb. 16 cbnducted by the pastor, Ralph H; "- 
assisted by Milton Thomas, song evangelist.— Fay McKi 
Ohio. Jan. 3. 

net in council Jan. A. Bro. Carl Lehman was in- 
ministry. the services being very impressively con- 
)ro Chas Flory, pastor of the Piqua church. Our revival 
meetings will begin Jan. 20 and continue throughout two weeks, with 
Bro. Van B. Wright of Dayton as the evangelist— Mary E. Gnodle, 
Troy, Ohio. Jan. 6. 

Zion Hill church met in business meeting Jan. 3. Since the last report 
four have been received into our congregation by letter and three by 
baptism. The work of the church is prospering very nicely. Dec. 25 
the Sunday-school gave a very interesting Chnslraas program 
consisted of playlets, recitation and songs. The offering of J4B.56 was 
for missions. The Ladies' Aid was reorganized with Emma Rohrer 
orcsideut The B. Y. P. D. has recently been organized and held 
its first meeting New Year's eve.-Emma Mae Kauffman, Columbiana, 
Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Big Creek church enjoyed the holiday sea 
people, away in school or teaching 
Christmas. We enjoyed 

Dec. 22 the Sunday-school rendered a Christmas 

j feast was' held in October. We were very glad 

__ Eld. Geo. Eller. pastor of the Washita church, who 

ed. assisted by Bro. Albert Williams. The help of Bro. Joe 

and wife, who are engaged in teaching school near Thomas, 

■ much appreciated in our Sunday-school and church services. — 

J L. Hutchison, Thomas, Okla.. Jan. 3. 

successful revival campaign was conducted by 
Bro. Geo. Eller. It lasted two weeks and was followed 
by a love feast— a spiritual meeting. Three Sunday-school pupils united 
with the church. Bro. Winfred Miller conducted the song services. 
Brother and Sister Miller contributed much toward the success of the 
meetings, using special selections. Our annual business meeting was 
held Dec. 27 to elect officers lor the year: Superintendent. Floyd 
Lowber; young people's leader, David Mcrkcy; junior band leaders. 
Sisters Lydia Merkey and Geo. Eller; Messenger correspondent, Mrs. 
Luke Howell.— Mrs. Floyd Lowber, Cordell, Okla., Dec. 31. 


Mabel congregation met in council Dec. 27. The church officials were 
reelected lor another year. We are few in number but try to keep 
up the work. We had a short Christmas program on Sunday. Dec. 22. 
We are trying to support the church program including Bethany Bible 
School with our prayers and in a financial way. as we believe that 
spiritual development depends on loyalty to the church for which 
Christ died— H. H. Ritter, Mabel. Ore., Jan. 6. 

Weston church met in council Dec. 8. With the exception of Mes- 
senger correspondent, all church officers were retained (or another 
year Sunday-school superintendent is Bro. Noah Bonewitz. Owing 
to sickness our elder, Bro. John Bonewitz. has been unable to be at 
church for several Sundays. Two of our Sunday-school ; 

rly $11.— Amy Mai 



Weston, Ore 




Altoona (Twenty *c 
people, embraci 
were made by W. J 
Sara Replogle and Mi 
of your best 


th Street).— A recent meeting of the young 
ct No I, was held in this church. Addresses 
Hamilton on the Call of Youth Today. Miss 

Hattie Barnctt both stressed the theme, Give 
mp life were given by 

mpers, each giving testimony of what 
his life. Election of officers featured the business 
were installed at the night session by Galen R 
At the quarterly members' meeting Oct. 2 the fo 
elected for the year: Elder. D. B. Muddoi " 

■sponding secretary, 

W. Rhode- 

session; the officers 
Blough, Bell wood. 
owing officers were 
CyrUs_B. Replogle; 

all, $99.82 i 

Bruce Stuckev Roy X. Walter; superintendent young people's socie- 
ties B F. Waltz; publishing representative, Mrs. Mary Waltz. A 
white gift service on the theme, The King's Birthday, was presented 
r» — t> :„ , ^ni| impressive and helpful manner. lu response to 
contributed toward the mission deficit. On Christ- 
_._, The Birth of Christ, was given in a most creditable 
by the Sunday-school. This has been a great year in the 
every department in church and Sunday-school work has been 
d active in spiritual growth of the church, with prospects of 
iual srowth in numbers and spiritual fellowship. We look 
ig of Bro. S. P. Early of Roaring Spring Jan. 12 
sks' evangelistic meeting-Mrs. S. N. Brumbaugh, 

. Fisher of the Lancas 

: the Monterey house. 
jr regular council was 



ring for 



port of the 

forward to the 
to conduct a tw 
Altoona, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Cones toga.-Oct. 27 Eld. W. 
preached a missionary sermon 
missions was lifted. Dec. 14 

of the different committees were given and a numoci 
were reelected as well as some new ones chosen. Tl 
Sisters' Aid was also read showing a balance of §58.66 in tne treasury. 
The Willing Workers' class is considering buying books for the use 
of the Sunday -school. Dec. 22 the school rendered a Christmas pro- 
gram. The Willing Workers of the Barcville school distributed Christ- 
mas cheer by giving gifts to the shut-ins.— Amos B. Hufforrf, Barcville, 
Pa., Jan. 3. 

East Petersburg church met in council Nov. 20. SalUnga Sunday- 
school officers for the year were approved by the church; Bro. Pharcs 
J Forney is superintendent; East Petersburg school. Bro. Llam M. 
Weaver superintendent. Various committees were elected: Christian 
Workers. Bro. John Gingrich, president; prayer meeting committees. 
Salunga house, Sister Anna Hayse; East Petersburg. Bro. Harry 
Settle.-S. Clyde Weaver, East Petersburg, Pa., Jan. 2. 

igregation met in quarterly church meeting. The Sisters' 

ve a very favorable report of their year's work which 

idablc. We have deci 

Saturday i 

:c. 22 the Sunday- 


Troy churn 
stalled into 
ducted by 1 

Hatfield . 

report of thi 

ed to set permanent times for love (easts 
.Jlows: Spring love feast on the third 
May; fall love feast on the third Saturday in October. 
^thanksgiving services, on the third Saturday m August. 
Our revival meetings, conducted by Bro. M.chael Kurtz of Richland, 
Pa„ closed the last of November. As a result of 
Lord three have accepted Christ through baptism. 
to hold another revival alter our spring love feast 
Martin of Lebanon, Pa., evangelist.— J. Herman Rosenberger, Soud 
ton. Pa„ Jan. 7. 

LewUtown.-Since our last report there have been fifteen 
to the church and two reclaimed. Our congregation was 
tunate in having Bro. Bonsack jzive one of 
which was highly apprcc 
Christmas pageant. White gifts were ( 
Dec. 29 our pastor, M. Clyde Ho/st, 
sermons. In the evening a large and 
his message Watchman, What of the Night?-Cathcrme Spanoglc, 
Lewistown. Pa.. Jan. 2. 

lUncil Jan. 1. Fourteen were re- 
h by baptism during the year and three by 
letter" seven "members were lost by death and seven by letter. Bro. 
C E* Grapes was retained as pastor and elder (or another year; 
Messenger agent and correspondent were also retained. Our pastor 
rew.'rted hiving made 536 calls and preached ISO sermons during the 
• Sargent of Bethany Bible School expects to be with us Jan. 
Brethren J. I. and A. " 
U conduct a Bible institute L. 

ill be held Easter Sunday at the Goodwill hou 
Jan. 2. 
The treasurer gave a 
Sisters' Aid and of the Christi 
,. J. N. Cassel 

labors i 

e have decided 

Bro. Nathan 

resting addresses 
ichool rendered a 
mount of $333.51. 
3 most inspiring 
[iencc listened ' 

Lost Creek congregatio 

Eisic M. Krissinger, McAlisterviue, r 
Mingo church met in council Dec. 



, umber of 
i Sunday morning preached 
glad to entertain any visit- 
it the ministry, and feel the 
ith other workers. For our 
mtitled. The 

tV.stmas program we enjoyed a cantata on Dec. 
^atal Day, prepared by a chorus largely of young people, ine miiow 
ing Thursday the chorus and orchestra drove to Clay Center, Nebr., 
a distance of more than 100 miles and broadcast their cantata over 
radio station KMMJ. The Afton church and the Methodist church 
'"Cambridge exchanged Christmas programs. A group of young 
J "s from the M. E. church came out on Friday night before Chr - * 


rnas and gave their cantata which was very good. Dec. 29 the Afton 
chorus gave their cantata at Cambridge. The young people have 
devoted much time and effort to their music this winter, both the 
orchestra and chorus, and their work shows much improvement.— Mrs. 
'»« Corder, Cambridge, Nebr., Jan. 7. 


i council Dec. 27. Church and Sunday-school 

Bro, E. J. Smith was chosen elder for another 

Knisely, Sunday-school superintendent. The 

ClovU ehurc 

Many of our young 
ere home to spend 
The Sunday-school 
Walter Fillmore and 
McPherson College, had charge of the morn- 
,„ a -ge both in song and sermon was appreciated 
by all. Jan. 5 Bro. Frank Sargent of Bethany Bible School delivered 
two splendid messages. His visits are especially apprec.atcd as he 
snent several years of his early married life here; this church also 
called him to the office of deacon. We will be glad to have any one 
passing through stop and worship with us.-May Fillmore, Ripley, 
Okla., Jan. 7. 

Pleasant Plains.-The members ol this church met in council Nov. 23. 
Eld. Ed. R. Herndon was reelected elder; the writer, clerk and cor- 
respondent; Lowell Prentice, Messenger agent; Bro Tom Williams 
Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 8 Bro. R. W. Quakenbush of 
Ottawa Kans., began a revival here continuing until Jan. I, preaching 
in all twenty- nine Spirit-filled sermons. Good interest i— - 
the most part. Dec. 22 we held an all-day meeting 
and Bro. Quakenbush preaefcei a very interesting 
Christian Home. Thirteen put on Christ in baptism; of these five 
were mothers two were fathers, four young people and two children. 
Dec 30 we held our love feast with Bro. Quakenbush officiating. About 
sixty surrounded the tables. We. feel that we have been very much 
built up by these meetings.-Erma Wilson, Aline. Okla., Jan. A. 

Thc.mM.-At the regular business meeting Dec. 27 Ed. R. Herndon 
was reelected elder for another year, with Albert L. Williams, assistant; 
Mrs B F. Stutzman. clerk; the writer, correspondent; W. B. Gish, 

at the 


Office., - 
... elected. Bro. J. N. Cassel was reelected elder 
years We were glad to have with us Elders Wm. Frelz and Elmer 
Moyer who assisted in the work. A splendid Christmas program was 
rendered by the Mingo Sunday-school Dec. 21 and by the Skippack 
school Dec. 22. An offering was lided at each meeting 'or missions. 
The services on Christmas Day were at the Skippack *- 
elder. J. N. Cassel. preached a very helpful sermon.-Carn 
man, Collegevillc, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Palmyra -Dee. 22 our Sunday-school gave a very interesting Christ- 
mas oroHram. We were favored by special music by our men s chorus. 
The church was well filled. The Sisters' Aid organized for 1930. the 
President being Sister Kate Zug. Last year they gave J»l for 
missions and church work. The missionary offering amounted to 
¥270.30.- Sarah G. Shelly. Palmyra, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Tyrone.-Our church met in regular quarterly business meeting on 
Jan. 2. Bro. W. S. Long, of Altoona, was with us as our elder He 
brought us a splendid message of inspiration and encouragement. It 
was one of the hest business meetings we have ever held although 
not a Kreat amount of business came up (or attention. It was decided 
to enlarge our board of deacons in the near future. On Sunday 
evening, Jan. S, the B. Y. P. D. officers were installed by the pastor 
and a candle lighting service was held. This was qu.te impressive. 
In our mid-week Bible study and prayer service we are now studying 
series of lessons on prophecy. The attendance and interest are 
quite good at these meetings.-Carrie B. Snyder, Tyrone, Pa.. Jan. 6. 
had the pleasure of welcoming B_K '* 


Uniontown.— W c 
Sister Sollenbergei 
Brougher conducted th< 

,d fan 


M. J. 

i Novr. S. The Thanksgiving 
Page 48) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 18, 1930 


with their 


(Continued From Page «> 

„rv- .hat will interfere 
take up any J-*-*™*,,. do „e after school hours 
studies: all work sho uld thing ^ sc „ 00 , 

in a land where there has een ^ ^ , 

hours tor several year, ".*%„„„„„«„«„,. and commg 

have greater weight. rhrUtian movement is no 

'" - t " H . P ' aC r .«!rety a'd ': has lost its vitality 

,o„ger active; it no. »' ' r * d (0 return ,„ a city that is 

a „d influence. It is a greaj rein* ia „ posters as 

„ ot continually «•**«*£ T'Li.e opposition may have 
Taiyuan »-as from 19.4 to IV- fa .^ b a d 

partially given way to md.«eren :<: ^^ fieW 

and is —■*»-•?"£££ ^Propaganda earned on 

b„, a, any rate "^"^easing '""» a '"'^ 
by a minor.ty group Mth sucn ^ signboar d. 

as o, has ceased to face u on J h ^ ,,, e 

We are indeed thanHu Ita* *« * ■ „, m prof , t 

^ vvas threatened wUhde,ruc,,on iTaiyuan 

I" «« *-* *£ "^ea, o portunity h »*« ■* 
should be more active. A B There are m ore 

lKt ed, or at leas, not us o the J ^ ^ ^ 
than two hundred Christian s. Ther£ „ 

Christian Student Union has ceased « and (he 

,ack of a sufficiently vita, and coordinated p g ^ q{ 
individual Christian student. sswaUowedP^ ^^ ^ 

non-Christians around him. Unlj 

^tally connected up with, e cur s. ,„, 

A brighter side is reveal ed ^ k t« ^ fif _ 

Y. M. C. A. The work has continue m P ^ 
ficulties of .he las. few I-^JjT^ discussion or Bible 
of students who meet on Sunday » s are 

S "* I,"' , SU d"ef A - e'pe menr in an English serv- 
quite well attended. A new e P at ,» nd ance of over 

L of worship for students ha had an ^ ^ 

fon , for several montii- T>- v-J English B ap,is, 
b v missionaries from the ung men are 

m ' SSi0 " S ^hH w^i Hy and we hope that i, may be- 
sponsormg this new a - am 

rome a perman , nt ^- cmminat d in 

A recent visit by Darnel l-u^ q[ ^ days . 

a ver y and vrtal *^« .^^ was very 

^^t^ctinre^enis are really interested ,n 

regions and social problem s „ engthe ned. 

The student work a, Ta.yuan „ ^ $ 

There needs to be an awakening ^ 

, n th e Christian students in our s h oo . h. ^ ^ 

need of a new spiritual — ■' ° ! bccomc ind if- 
d0 it . We mus, firs, revive .hose h ° " a m „ eed 

feren, We need better £•£££££ christian com- 
,0 tln/we^nTed e,:*:. "an can not give. Pray for 
r^wo^rkinTaiyuan. ^ E. L. Ikenberry. 

Taiyuan. China. ~ — 

The Kansas Brethren Home a. Darlow has once more ex- 
perienced a very pleasant Ch " s ™f "^ ,£ some time 

ro „m where a service was to be engage 

talk for the occasion, which he cm in * 

way - „„, „ carts were gladdened by a 

Bather ,n .he evening our ^ea«s « „, 

cal , a, *' "f^^^eof.heHome.whowi.hhisson 
N ava rre church, n 

Earl, had deeded to stop «» ^ "^ * d ^ thc evening 

'"'t/Bro'Ki-att detided^o'have an experience 
service, Bro. Kin/ie at o ^^ as 

S" Homtthlt of'e'n'ymg a Christmas service 
trustee 01 me , rearrangement of his 

^r^^th^ing me U which he gave 
a Christmas message to the guests of the Home. 

We were glad also to have with us another trustee of 
iheHome Bro Vernon Hornbaker. who with his wife, by 
Heir presence contributed to the enjoyment of the eve 
X A 'he conclusion of the service the various token 
nMove and goodwill which had been placed in front of the 
of love and goo distribu ,e d , ca ch one receiving one 

occasion so enjoyable. 

Mingled with our joy was a trace of sadness as we no 

■ - Tfhe absence of some, who a year before had expen- 

* a simnar occasion. Several have exchanged time 

"r"e.eni e mo" recen. one being Bro. John Young, an 

M veteran of the cross, who had been connected w,.h the 

jst^s^S^^ 52 ^ 

,e for him to spe.m c .,=-..- - 

' A hne spirit prevails in .he Home wh ch wa . ^ 

ti0 ,,aUy good foundation on wli, , W ^ ° " 

„,„,ond anticipation to that :psuperintendent 

Darlow, Kans. ~*~ 


RiMe School Christmas service we 


schools no. using it. . p k a „d the 

The community tree was ghted n Qrcle ^^ . ( 
choral society assisted in the ce red o( 

Christmas night. But .ha. did ^^^ ,„ , oray er 
our people from gathering in the enurenn 
meeting .ed by | Miller ti,e pa tor s^ wife. JJ ^ 
a blessed time. Bro. J. H. MOO ^^ 

Chris.mas fifty years ago. !* 1 »« f „ ,„« nrst 
Christmas and the Home. A -W ^ 

time was asked to tell ot the g su „ s hine in 

mas brought; she spoke of * e * om bject broug ht in- 
Florida. An open meeting on the same *m raf &, ted 

t=res,ingtes,imon,es-,he oveo good h Ch,l r^ ^^ 

hv eifts. inscribed lo my uci 

membrane of friends through '^^J^SS 

of returning health and from several, the 

Jesus Christ. testimonies our hearts 


^.^i^ifin^t£oJo rS Pan,o ! 

over a hundred holdinjj a prayer meeting on sue 

° Mrs. Cora Price Bowen. 


Sebring, Fla. . —•— 

Twice a year there is a hustle of preparation throughout 
the various mission stations What ,s * ^ UlV^ 

b ■ 5 nh t-Vi U is what we do wncn *~<j» 

of the water jars mean? Oh, this is wu*l 

fprptice time draws near. 

' A Bu ar there mus. needs be more than the usual store 


Our fall conference convened later ^ than us -l so that^ al 
the missionaries coming from the homeland could meet 
with us The last party landed the evening of Nov. 21 Bro 
Ay was ill so .ha', he and his family could no, meet with 
us. Susan S.oner and Anna Brumbaugh could no. leave 
their posts of duty. The others were all present a. least 

^'hfdt Preceding the open conference little groups of 
mSonarles'migh, be seen gathered about the .able m h 
various offices, or sitting in circles on the veranda or under 
the spreading shade trees. These are the stand ,ng commit- 
tees getting the business in shape to present to the open 
conference. . n.,1.,, 

Wednesday evening, Nov. 21, we met in 'he Bui ar 
church for our first general meeting. Bro. L. A Blicken 
staff lately returned from furlough, described ,n a very 
v v"d manner American life as it appeared to h.m and told 
how it affected the churches. He declared tha mission- 
aries owe a debt to the home church and pointed ou, ways 
n whi h thev may help to fan .he flame of interest m the 
cause of missions. He made us feel fat the business o 
every missionary is to create and sustain in the heart of 
our people at home interest in the redemption of other 
races If the deficit is ever to be lifted missionaries must 
do their share. He stirred us to a new resolve to stick to 
„„, job both while on the field and on furlough. He made 
us realize anew what a. high privilege is cmrs-even the 
privilege of sharing our Christ and his gospel with the peo- 
ples who do not yet know him. 

At eight o'clock each morning for five days we met for 
the forenoon's worship and Bible study. The afternoons 
were devoted to mission business growing out of our every 
dav work in the various stations. 

Bro 1 S Long who will be soon on his way homeward 
to join his loved ones gave us four Spirit-filled Bible lessons. 
Nothing draws the hearts of God's servants closer together 
than to study together the deep things of his word. 

One evening as all were seated at the dining tables, a 
little surprise speech was made and a small gift of apprecia- 
tion was presented to Brother and Sister Blough and to 
Sister Sadie Miller. Last year when a similar honor was 
shown the Longs these were in America so while intended 
for a twenty-fifth anniversary of missionary service, the 
hono'r comes a year late. They came to India in 1903. May 
thc Lord add to them many years to serve the people in 
this land. Alice K. Ebey. 

Vada, Thana Dist. 


Please note that the 

a I™ the oublication of a 

mr cent. ,''«»;, "4 ,'Z on.h, P " Go.pd Me.. 

marri-ne nolle. ™y " »(•»'''?„ ° «.»"& couple.. «'■>"" ■ 1 "»" ld 

ISm"^' .obscriplioo or .Ihe """ j" „„ add , c s. ipven. »heo the nolle. ''*^°^_^^__w~~~, 


arsoiUBe »> "" - ■•- . .~ b ' h o| M ycr. 

_. Ddauter and ShW • Djmn. E. Lows. 

? L mT-M. G. Wilson. Frederick, Md ^ ^ 

F .^.Froneh.-By the ^"^f^JfZL, and Mi.. Ru.„ 

„». Dro. George S. FMjr. oi M >«._ VMmri „, Te.a.. 

French of Alice, lexas. e . • ■ E p isher 

Fi .t,„-AU.».-B, .be jnto^; ^^hSo.W,.. tod. 
„„ Mrs. Florence I. Allen. E ,r F , ^^ 

StU.-.n-Ceo-rlne.-nr ^","S r .' , 
SSriee Crnmrinc-J. A. Reed, Mewberj;, Ore. 

md Sister Florence 


■ ii i" .i- Wiiirine. was born 
*** ^'"di,°i i:"°i,e™ o^"ot' ,"dn» S „,.r. Mr. 

5" I dar B She »"'-d John - nspoch n All™ Coun v.^ , 

Z>. 1872. To Ihi. »nmn WOT bo r,, II ec B ^.^ ^ , h , 

husband and two d.uBluer. tree eded »e c „ rist i a „ lite un- 

Cliurcb of .be in 1173. *ri bv«» ^ rf ^ 

a death. She bad .he happy ^'"^..^^chdd.eo coo,e into 

children, grandchildren ana iwo j a ycac sl „. 

.he church. She*., confined <°*'™ iAMtai .hir.ccn peat. 

leave, one two Jon'. - n , he Lima c ,, utc h by 

grandchildren and two hrolb«» a ,, vllk ., Ohio. 

Eld. J. L. G„.hr,c.-C. L. W kin, Rockhin|!hlrn c „u„.y, V., 

BUckforf. Susanna, nee Zcl >, » >■ d M yea „, 

July 2, UH8. died .[lev. short, Dec. ^^ BlacW|)i . d Ja „ 8 . 
months and IS day.. She was m hild „„ lhe [eaves (on, 

1869 This union was blcsseo wim „ r .„ dson and her aged twin 
children, eigb. ir.«dehild™„ one g. « .. £ .nd„n .nd^ ^ ^ 

sisler, Newbero o( He . ^^^ j^ and wh ,, e 

oi .wenly-one she "i™'™ , attended different churches (re 
able to attend he. -own .el sne lw „„ y .,h.e 

[,om heart d ,sease, Dec. 2J, is-", abe ' an( , one da ugblc. F.v-. 

da „. He is surv.ved by n.s wue, o. Christian in earl> 

children preceded h,m ,n d.a th. ^™»™ „,„ ,..„.. Fun«r»! 
life and ser.ed .he church in .be rn.n.str> K , Thc bod> 

'w«'i:td W .rre«"1n Ue '.b d e Z£j2Lf£*-L, N.v.rre, 
K Sd.r, Si.,er Lydia France, died-., hjr ho- = ^-^^ 

NO "'J' '^' fi '»°Tn 'ye"" She wa™ ,he of Mr. and Mrs 
for lhe pas. nUeen years =« Mayl.nd aboul fif.yhve year- 

Gideon Shirkcy.ndwa, horn ner ^ ^^ ^ ag<J s „, 

ago. She joined the Chu.c.i ca ., yearJ b ,„ 

had been confined .10 he- had or eh. ' ^' f ,„, ,„ h „ Lo „: 

£?B ^ived"S'h\-^sW, EL. CJ*. K »r-"- E 
SSTlaES "n riin^ h C,eek B «me,.,^.y B. Rolle,. 
T ^g.:: , B.o. Alvin, -n lanJO.^ -d £ ' „, 1^. _ . . 

_r; S Thome, Pioneer, Ohio. 
„ \ „ ,_, Edward w.s born on the old cm.g-anl t-a. . Ill 
I ,"! "ow "..I Wyoming, June 27. 1859. and died m Kn. 
Com,, Obm. Dee 3. 1929. He i. survived by one brother » on'y 
a Mer and grandchildren. Hi. eompan.on. Clar. B. »• 
daughter and g.a bcQn n „,.„,,,„ „( , h e 

man preceded him two year;. .>g„- * Christian service, 

Danville church .ince 1M6. He ^m eve- . ? ^ 

and >"'=« " ' "/r'thc w i.ef i n th' Danville church. Interment i. 
were conducted by the writer .n .1 ohj 

Sri- d b S:" A S.ew ^kn„,. ^.he^e^ bo-n^ue - .nd 

two daugh.e.s who ■ »"«»"• » laU B h(ul „„„, , hc end. Two yea;. 
Church of the B,,»- ■ „„,„eces.ful| sin monlln 

.go she underwent an ope-....' » hef afflicli „ „,,, 

later a second opera. .on was oeriorrneo. a 

one sister. Services at the home by me T ,, nma . C e,n,- 

M Niswande. and W. K. Conner. Intermen. ... Si. Thorn., ceo, 
leiv-M B. Menuer, Cbambersburg, Pa. 
Homer Pele- son ol Michael and Catbe-ine Horner, born in Son.- 
™71 ,, Dec 26, 1834. died Dec. 15, 1929. In April. 1856, W 
e-sct Conn y. 1 »■,"''■ * ; d „, e hio Rive- to Ca,-o anJ 

came lo,. after a o g .- P (rom which p0 ,„, 

up the M '"' 1 "' o ' P ir ,;'"5 ""carro, Coun.y, III. J here he spent the 
,he» iravele I overland ,U matr|rf „„,„;„„ Bie ,„ k „ | 

rema.nde- of lus days. ie» ^ , ^.^^ mf __ 

nlugl^r dieS Eeh 3 .Si bis wile died Sept 2, t W .There ,? 

nausnii.. »"-" i,;ij___ -.nH nineteen grandchildren. 

also eigh.een g.andch,d- n and ^g^ ^^.^ ^ 

h " sTve.r. and "n. be church for ,i«y-.e„o yea-, He w* 
riharte. Smber o[ lhe Lanark church. He and his eompan.on be- 
came member, of .be Old Emmer. church about 1862. He bad a 

vaT. manilesicl .be in.ere.t he left in the chn-ch a nd he. a- 
tiJties by regular --^.-.S^a?. ft £ ' S. "^ ' 

n!« P ;"vi « amT'ound".", "cornier, in hi. claim, on ,he promi.e » 

hose "ho accept them in f.i.b.-P. F. Ecke-le. Lanark. HI. 
Wto , Talmon Harbour .on ol and L.v.n, Harbour I, i . 

was bom in Champaign Coun.y. Oh.o. June 7. 18S6 Ibe lam.iy c. 

",' „ „he„ he wa, a child, where he .pen. .be -ema.udc- of n | 
c. Indiana when ne w^s ^^ u ^ Vmm To |H , u „ io „ #, eh.l 

. we",,, bom' His wiie and one preceded him. He «» 

fai," married ^ To Mr. Hat, Delaugb..-. One .on was born to .he" 
He was a member of .be Sidney Ch, chu-eh. He d.ed a. II 
il, ., ^ ncn ital Nov 26 1929. He survived by his wile, to" I 

dau'gh.:., Zsons: a Itcpson, twelve grandchildren, three ««*• 

Bur 1 

Children nnd one sister. Funeral at th« 
■ Pleasant Hill cemetery near 

home by Moync Landis. 
North Manchester— Mrs. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1930 



.nd Sister 

KCCney ; e ed'"4'mo"i«tlis and S days. 

„ .,♦ VJ-glcrs meetinghouse 

Kceney, died Dec. 
the parents and 
ay Elders Henry 
(.joining cemetery.— 

South Whitley, 
J., son of Brother : 

< 1929, aged 4 

Qiiter. Services 
' i and Jacob Merkcy. 
iSbetb Meyer, Mycrstown, Pa. 

, oUI1 ds of the Whi c 0.>k W Hc . s survivc)1 by his 

;iti , m9 , aged 72 years 6 mo.. th» » preceded him. "He was 

vile, one son and _ two ^gbWM, memher „, the church 

hc last of his family, tic i w » I.ongneckcr house 

o? "■< ^:»,.„ , u,..:: r,y .„ : ',c™c,.. ',; Sini,, B -,^- «■ 

,| ll: home ministers. 
ise l, Manhcim, Pa. 


P., nee 

. of her son i 

■ Den vim 

gcd 66 y 

died Nov. 19, 1929, at the 
ars, 10 months and 18 days. 

'survived by her husband, one daughter, lo 
and her aged mother. Funeral serv 
thren I. W Taylor and Diller Myer. 

- •■ M. Zug, Lincoln, Pa 

house by Br. 

..imming cemetery 

;s at the Mohlcr 
Interment in the 

of Joseph 

aicd Dec. 16, 1929 at t 
,1 months and 3 days, 

McCorklc of Hershey, 

risburg. aged 33 years. 

her husband and two daugh- 

hurch by F. S. Carper and 

' S. Gipe, 


nths and 10 days. 
o sons, one lirothe: 


illc, Pa.. Oct. 2, 

Cassel, Manhcim. Pa- 

, Calif. 

D. Cassel 


at the Spring Cr. 
W Kreider. Burial in the .djoinug cemetery 
Her'hey, Pa. 

Ru hl Ero. Emmanuel, died at his home 
I5» oi a stroke, "<" d m ""'■ ' , 

" Services to the White Oak church by Eld 

and Mr. Landis of the Unit 
McnnonlM cemetery.— Susan 

Shivcly, J 1 
Nov. 26, 1929. at 

' the B.v — 

arried in 1895 to Eliiabclh Gr, r e 

widow, one son and a grandchild Fu 
" McFarland by Geo. Hilton 
Hollinger, McFarland. Cahf. 
gton County 
Aug. 13, 1B42, a n d passed away 
STnreh, near Grundy Center, 

^-VrSrH^^ehcrein- He „. 

the Ivcster church cond^ 
3 Leatherman, Ankeny 
Grundy Center 

vived by his 
Church of the Br. 
Deb no cemetery.— 
Slifcr, Henry Edward, born 

rdo, 111., died 
He became a 
lained faithful. 



Slifcr had been i 

jers of th< 
ida*Horta Slifer, preceded him ii 
children survive. Funeral 

home near the Ivestcr 
1929, aged 87 years, 2 
usual good health and 
was one of the early 




r ':;Vr-Sh^cr'tn,e^.-D. C. 
" T »y Utcy J»ne. daughter of Jacob ajd Mary Ann Stutsnu 
born in Elkhart County. lad., Oct. 2 1855. ---- 
Sidney, Ind at the home . her daughter. •£■£■* „ 
S J^n°Tuhy!'tLlhi.d,cn r re^r„ to them In their early 
carried life they united with 1 « Church rf t , >lA 

KJ-.-SSCa year. " t£,UH -j-J. - 
in April. 1925. She .s surv.ved by two . o«B . »>d J " « Moth ,„ lis , 

SS^oS^^S^SSifSSTL Mishler. South 
Whitley. Ind. 
Ulrey, Sister Susan, daughter of Eld. Job 
Tippecanoe County, Ind., (.' 





















THl^rA^^ATVoT^USCHRI-ST- -" - 





Aquilla Webb 

Aquilla Webb 

. Alexander Bruce 

G. B. F. Hallock 

Alexander B. Bruce 

Aquilla Webb 

H. R. L. Sheppard 

James Stalker 

Henry Sloane Coffin 

T. DeWitt Talmage 

Mackintosh Mackay 

Mackintosh Mackay 

1 o o 





. Frederick Barton 

J. H. Jowett 

W. M. Clow 

Alexander Whyte 

William Taylor 

William Taylor 

A. B. Bruce 

A. Studdert-Kennedy 

G. W. Truett 

A. E. Garvie 





























Some of these formerly sold as high as $3.50. q £) Q // a r t 

Make your own selection-any volume for y tC 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 




Be P. H- 

B. P. H. 

able i 

by Eld. W. J. Payni 

ctinetirry. — Saylor C. 

Wagoner, Isaac, born in 
ried (o Miss Mary C. St on 
bonf, all ot whom survive 
to North Dakota in 1B96 ; 

Because of this 

Hollow Springs 

id Esther Ulrey, was 
1856. While a young g''"' 
,b, ^'he^r-en,, moved to Pyrmon, where she united with the 
Church of the Brethren a, the age of tw ,t» three ,e 
mined a true and faithful member. April 0, l0/ *. M ... 

Somen Ul", and to them were born three cMdrc.. In .1 fa« 
? , , 8 ,S she with be, --"^ devoid te^er to her hu, 
in this capacity she was a «»"'» nn „i vt ; c stroke from which 

band. Sep.. .0. W*. .he -£"£,£ J", ',' S stroke »d died Dec. 
she recovered. Dec 26 * » ™ iurvivc Servi „, 

^rP^rchurcl.t' Eld- Je,.m4 and D. L. Barnh.r,- 
Teraiah Barnhart, Pyrmont, Ind. 

Valentine. Richard Co.umhus, was born in Surry Coun t fc N. C.. 
,, i 1H7R and died in the same community, Dec. a, wc>. 
itin, United S the Church of thc^ Brethren 6ve «J. 
his faith he cherished very dearly 
orely afflicted as a result of paralysis 

, be a, church often but was there whenever po.. 

tediously and patiently walking to cliuren ij. m 

at the service. He bore his suffering very pat. 

Funeral services were held at Shell 

and the writer. Burial 
Cubbage. Mount Airy, N. C. 

„ in Carroll County, Ind., in 1857. He was mar- 

n 1880 To this union five children were 

His wife died in H23. The family came 

lived a. Crary for two years. Twelve 

.- *,. i™ the farm and built a home in c,.nrk- 

t¥ °^;^£> &.£ -n^hc'ieJTthl'U:: 

rt'd'augb 4 . M . Geo" KohoTon" He had been in poor bealO, 
for ,1« pasfjear. Services in the Community church byJR.v. J 
Wen.ich. Interment in the Methodist cemi 
son, Starkweather, N. Dak. 

-»„ s s S.m' r-cmpi^y^ 

„ active part in the work of the church, 
she taught in Sunday-school, in our \ o- 
s served as Sunday-school superintendent 
' ious offices in the B. Y. P- D. She 
r, and also to help others with then 
Bible School for a while. She was 
cheerful, even during' her long illness. No one in 
B.egation Could be missed more than she ,s by everyone; 
.hat one of our strongest members has gone from our young people s 
group. She is survived by her father and stepmother. Mr. and Mrj. 
M. L. Wampler. four sisters and two brothers. Serve., «t the 
l.invill. Creek church hy Eld. Carson Miller assisted by Eld. J S. 
Roller. Burial in the cemetery -near by.-Mary B. Roller. Timber- 
ville, Va. 

Weikcrt, Mrs. Anna, widow of David Wcikerl. died at Memorial 
Hospital, in Piqua, Ohio, Nov. 9, 1929. aged 79 years. She is 
by three son. For a number of years she hved ,n Cov.n.ton Ohio. 
Funeral at the Church of the Brethren, Covington, by C. K MoKee. 
Burial in Pleasant Hill cemetery .-Ethel Manning. Covington, Ulno. 
Wetol, Bro. Samuel, died- last January of infirmities, aged 80 
>..„, 2 months and 23 days. He served n the deacon s office for 
many year, and was a faithful worker and staunch Chmtiar,. in. 
last few years-h. was totally blind. Services Oct. 27 in the Syca 
more church in North Mill Creek congregation, by the writer 
sisted by Silas Hotting.r.-P.ter I. Garber, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Yount, died at her home 

an illness of about six 

5 , II months and 9 days. 


Oct. 13, 1902. She joined 
thirteen and always took 
In her home congregation 
cation Schools at two places, 
ai Union chapel, and filled 1 
was always ready to do her 
work. She attended Bethai 




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for Premium No. 

as my Gift, to : 

Yount, Millicent Margaret, wife of Petei 
near Whitesburg, Pa., Dec. 17, 1929, aftt 
months due to heart trouble, aged 21 years, 11 mo 
She leaves h.r husband, one son, father and mother. She died ,n the 
Lutheran faith, requesting the writer to officiate at tier 'unera^ 
Service, i„ ,h, home of h.r unci, at Ki.Ianning, Pa. .Mermen took 
Place i„ the Simpson church cemcter,.-J. Uoyd Ncdrow, West Kit- 
tanning, Pa. 

Name : 

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B. P. H. -:- B. P. H. ■:- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 18, 1930 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued From T'" *> 

Willing Worker)' cla«. who P"*?" 1 J™ „ ceivrf . An inspiring and 
Only Knew. * »'»■«»">■ •"" ™„ give" Dee. 22. In an ««"" " 
beautilol,. '"'"'""™'"' ""of 1= Y. P. D. « conte.t ™ 
,ncr=a.c .be a.ieudance "V,VT 'irmer. wilh a New Yew P»» 
held The loser, .he »■»■'" ' ' „, coo „ c il oi .he 

appruurna.ely 6B,a»e« b ™VoX berger wl, eL.ed elder for >he 

^ay- school 

l„.,d a very profitable two weeks 

_ h h4 + +-H-++++^^ 

—Mrs. Delia 

T-u. ,,mc Hircitori were rcc.cLisu. 


year.' The same direc 

E*» !■«««» SPSSl haT'bSn taking care of the preach 

superintendent, aod Geo. V-ngnr "•>., c _, Pa latl b , 

ing «r»i«i-Thelr«» Cunningh. 

. Pa., J"' 

Willow Creek-For .he Chri.lmat ' »»»" ^ had'pianned .lit* 
gift service for .he first "me " C , n " (.rings were brought, lor lo, her .Us. .0 g.™ _ • « J* »«" ""« m m=r ,„ th e Black 
il the children hod earned moo.) ""'"J „ B , h „ offerings were. 
Brother,' tod. The oSering, amoun red »P . M „, pledge. 

General Mission JaWd. SI1.30. »""' ™ hotch „„rk. Three Sunday- 
were also "- 1 '- '" d '? C ™'", . " o Live ooe-.eo.h oi all they earn. 
.drool pupils pledged themselves o g. ^ r >oJ , lv ,„ 

The congregation f ° >g?J^„ aSdaon, Barnard. S. Dak.. Jan. «- 
the shape oi usetui articles. 


i v„„ '. The .rcasurer gave to. 
Limestone .horeh roe. m council >». J- > n conducted 

yearly report with balanced ..count. Br. J.^ tegan Nov „ 

, b e devotional preparatory »«» , A , , 

,„d closed *c 15. Bro. W ear, « .,„ ho „„„ed 

«ur were In addition .hers «a ' ' Oc.ober. We bad a 

with the church during the Cherokee ;«'»'„,.„,. „ d Br. M. g. 
|^y »d.Trr."ir'Th. o„.„ng lo, nt^sion. ,— .d to^ 
Sro ' Jackson preached to a good a„» en on 0uf ,.„,, ,„ol 

preached an in.pmn, .«»» »» Ch " s ™ ,„ chcr , „„, 


i the 

"sting and helpful program 
bazaar and a nice sum was rcan 

y^eSSr,'.!! C. Wihiam, M, ££^ - 

Topee-Dec 22 ™»**' ) ,C , i'l:.i deficit.. Our 
HopT Al.erward an «"«."« oi *** ». ^^ wcrc reappointed, 
-rletur. 5 =oe,£ v ^e S ^ Snioia yfobowing - 

Unity.-In the al.crnoon i .1 Tha ^k.g « ^.^ t( 

Leaguers with ibe.r leader. »■• »« program lor .he inmai.s. 
OU Folk,' Horn, a, T.mtarvt I', V ^«i,l,io„.. ..oric and song. 

Th. program -"f"''"™ .l„g which .he old folks ."J" 
.!,„ which several '.ej"^" ™J JJ nls a „d oranges. The old 
ge.ted. Then the children d "'"°^™ and litis v.ry much and 
bSTt^' °eidK'.ome h ag£V group - ^^ * 

S',oe d ^.Sp^ar^^r i fr, S r t a,,l S -Hn^ 
,.ld .1 their trip to »"JJ" „„ sai |,d at that time In .P'f= «' 
r n ry"w d eater 0, ou" S,'-...- - 

Christmas progra: 

Bethel had her program 

Dec. 22. 

i,'eral exercis 

retained for 

. B'^irview nave her program 
£ ,l,e children, followed by " P"«™'- ,^" sho „ ',„,. At Union 
Dec. 23. of '""''" » v „ irf program consis..™ oi 

chapel on Chnstmas night «'««»" h Sunday-school closed for 
dialogs. ""V"',"" Sunday Sunday ' morning. Dee. 29 Bro. A. J. 

^r;a i k <, ."^IrrB e KoE k Timbcrvi„e. V... Jan. L 

; at the Belmont church. 
Btoot eoogregation me, : to """f"^".,? 0. Mason, clerk; I. N. 
The 'onowiog officer, were .ie ^ d „,. During the year an 

oKng'waV Sir., each' P- hinder™. J. J-*«, 
rams «i <£ ■*•«"« '^'"Th'e Sunday-school gav. a Thank.- 
lon».r method «. hav. us.d. 1 n. '^^ program; both w.r» 
givmg program^ ^soooDe^ ^^ ^ J>n 6 
enjoyed b> .ll.-Ma,,,. e « vcry ,„, 

Middle Rivea-.-On, lov. feas, *. -held Oct D>vid K=n dig 

...endaoce. We were glad ..have Br«>h=» g* I Bro. Garber 

and N. W. Coffman with us. the last no ^^ ser mon on Sunday, 
from Greeomoun, e™«"«»;™ ^"i.,„,, Eld. B. B. Garber, began 
Sunday night one ol °™ h °™ ™™„ ed ,'„„„>. The ». 
a meeting, preaching nine Spirt n,r. „ „ g „lar c.uncil 

well artend.d and th. interest «■ «~ ^ „ 6 „, d . ], was decided 
was held. Vaeance, .n the * B ''™' b ~™' „ our apportionment. At 
,0 .end our District M»»°» B"/" ' u||td ,„ m i..ions; Dec^ 22 
our Thank.g.vmg service an «■■'"»« Bo ard. Service, were held 

,h. .tiering was .or the General Miss Darkness to Dawn. 

„„ Christmas Day and at night a play, r Volunteer, from 

~ ^ S,yS3S. e r V Y Garber .Vayo'eshoro, V... Dec. 31. 
Bridgewater College.-Mr ( >. r. .„ M j„ w hich 

„, Oliv^-Kov. 10 Bro. ,. T Cicj .began ^ -n^ •»«- «^ 

doctrine. From the SMI Jben M. ™= h „«,ings. Even 

week progressed, mc«.edp,r,«»type hest ^ ^ „ 

.tough .here were only rhre. ^ mmh ^^ 

who attended lelt IMI tncy . |he cong , e ga,,on met in 

and education from the services. h superin tendeni being 

council. Sunday-school office s were elec e c()ng „ ga , ion . a lo„g 

Mrs. Olen Loots. Nov. 23 the n"™"" e „ io ,ed a love least with 
with .hose ol neighboring coogr.g; ..... ™« ,„,, lb , 

,he pas.or, Br., a*.'*""^, J' y "". ««.. revival, and .h.s. 

old members, rekindled in .pint M '" c in.pired with a 

jus, received into '>^ h f wt XThn B May. Timb.rvil.e, Va„ 

greater zeal to go o 

Dec. 31 


. i„„,i .!-,., been outstanding m the 
W^.eb~ VnUev.-The year ,ns. Co d I, beer.^ ^ ^ fM 
fad lhat it marks the completion ano disposal we feel 

Siding. With soch ^""V", ^kingdom gain, P The 
fhallengcd to put forth greater crtons _ i * members, five 

months 5 ol .he year hav. branch •^.^"^tog by letter from 
young s'«c" b » b Tc™ vslop. Communion service, were observed 
,h. moiber cborch at t A „„ „„a,ed 

„„ Dec. 2S with about 120 merobe rs I 1 „„,„ i„ prepa- 

visi.a.ion program ,. being U ™' be ° di „"™,f et , Wenalchee. Wa.h., Jan. 6. 
ra.ion lor the Easter serv.ce.-Gcraldine ei.e 


„„,. S pri. f .-On Thanksgiving ^^S"^^^ 

Z ,, very-member canvas, and all »*. de.tre ma, ^^ 

",,.m o. giving- Our fina„.|al I.— '^"assembled in Bible 
,h, deficit challenge. Chri.lma, "«'" ™ „ E „,„„„. „tur„.d 
institute, dosing on Sunday ev so .[. and add „, s „ „„ 

missionary from Africa, was w>thu, B re,hr.n, and leetore. 

Hebrew *^*™^.^*-™-*< '"« £',o° II 
Africa mission. Dec. 22 .W» „",,""„«, ,h. deficil. A tot.l ol 
'" ,he sTr,%et^ ™ "a." S wen, out .. ,^ eve 
SST.JS and -.^-, b „t"a'. ^"Sriou. churches J the 
clarion wSb C .°,rw''.U ,, ...=nd 8 .d.^.iv. M. Fike, Eg.on, W. Va„ 

'"Nor* MU. Creek <W. ™^^>;<%*S%$ t <*Z?: 

house in this congregation seemingly enjoyed a spi r ^^ 

Srcnt SSs^-WS 1 T-GaS, E.S V... D.C. 31. 


A w.nd.rt.1 wrfdlng »uv.nb. ^"^fph^'.ue.."'. I I 
X' Tourney"! ."h'.n.c ^."d. 8 elc. Beautifully printed .. 

""""' """Art l».b.r, *«, Woi.eb0.tJ.. »c 
White limp lealhereltc, 50c 
Brethren P u bli.hinrj House, Elsjin, III. 
WHH-H-W-H -UI'lllll in llirMIIMIII II j 

Edward Bok Is Dead 

I But His Book Lives and is ;*»_ ■«*■*"* 
| autobiography since_Beniamm Franklm . 

P„p»I« Edilion of . Worth-Whil. Book 


The story oi a p.or bo, eye*. W £%£l£. rTd. 
..ruggle. and hi. u.precedct.ttd r e lo the BM ^ ^ 

taller Iban any romance And "■>»<» ai „ ,„,, 

passed away many """","", I( y 0U hav. never 
wonderful hook that one can not forget, ti y 
,.ad this book you have missed much that JJOO ^ 
taining and inspiring. ^ , 

;; Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. I 

: LH-H-l-W-H-r-H-l- H I I II I I I I I M I 1 I I I I I I 1 ■■■! " > 

Heart of the Crimson Cross 

By J. M. Henry 

A story with a mes- 
sage lhat will help 
make a better world. 
Those who have heard 
Dr. Henry deliver hi. 
Peace Addresses know 
what to expect in his 
new book. 394 pages 
of good stuff. Pub- 
lisher's price, i2.SB. 
Many are ordering at 
the special price ol (2.00 
to Messenger readers. 
One man took lour 


■H4-H- H-M II I II l-H - H I 1 I 1 H I 1 WH -r 

W 4WWWW-WH^ H I I ■ ■ ■ ■ II W 


Execute Your Own Will! 

You do this when you get one of our annuity bonds. It 
will mean a big saving to the Lord's treasury m court costs, 
and lawyers' and administrators fees. 

* * * * * * 

But, If You Make A Will- 
Get good legal help that your will may be properly 
made To remember missions in your will the following 
form of bequest is recommended: 

■■! give and beauea.h to the Genera, Mission »- rf rtto 

saicTBoard'as specified in its charter." 

Write for our booklet which tells about annuity bonds and 
wills. A postal card will bring it 

f,ei\cral Mission Board 


Linn, ■■■■■■. um M Miimn-H... u ■ ui ■ ■ .. i ■ ■ n ■ ■ , , 

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Beautiful Girlhood 

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noble womanhood want, to know. 

Happy School Days 

A "tnrrrb*» ..d ^ - — *- 

belote the reader. 

Two Book, by Loui.. M. Alcotl, ~ch * *> 

Litrl. W.m.a - Littl. Me. 

Who ha. no. been helped II ,o. do <""M'j£ 

bv this book that refuses book jo. should look wttn 

,o gr.w .Id! <o iwrsoll 

Guiding Boy. Over Fool Hill H- 50 

Every b.y travel, that r.ute, but happy the boy and 
happy the leader who knows how best to do it. 

God's Book and God'. Boy * 1 ' 2S 

By A. F. Scbauffler 
The author kn.w. how to draw the tw. together .. that 
the boy is the better lor it. 

Four Books by Margaret Slattery 

Just Over tho Hill ■•■ ■■ :,'* 1,3 ? 

A great book lor all young people. >od older I.Ik, w.ll 
be well repaid for reading it 

The Girl and Her Religion lt ■* 

Illustrated. Ha. helped many a girl to settle some .1 
,he problem, that just will arise in a girl's mind. 

The Girl in Her Teen. » U0 

The girl who read, this bo.k will never lorgot its mes- 

Two Word. *■*" 

Short word, they are, but lean. t. .ay there at the, 
time, and We ha. a new meaning. 



Elgin, Illinois 

■ 1 I I I 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I ' ■ I HI"! ' '"' - * " 1 - ' " " ' * * 

The Gospel Messenger 

= ==== ==!= ^ ==== ..Till ». ,11 attain unto ... the •<»•""> «' 

^iT. Go.pel 61 the Kingdom .h.ll be 
in the whole world. —Matt. ^4. W. 

Vol. 79 


Elgin, 111., January 25, 1930 

: fulness of Christ."— Eph- 4: 13. 

No. 4 

In This Number 

The second half of the message which few seem to 
have heard is the call to consider what's wrong and 
whether we have any responsibility in connection there- 
with. Please read the following excerpts from an arti- 
,hc churches,":'.: "•■* cle in the January World Tomorrow by Reinhold Nie- 

The Speculation Mania " : 


Keeping the Ordi 
Releasing Peace 

Among the Church. 

Around the World 

(R. H. M 

The Quiet I 
meral Forum- 




_. ing Simply 

Sch walm • ■ ■ 

A Compassionate Christ. By C. 
A Wide Open Field. By J. H. 
Worship in the Worship Progr; 

ene Hecker, 

again Age.- 

-Second Half. By V. F. 

A New Pentecost. . B 
Men's Work. By W. 
Esaulike or Jesuslike? 
World Day of Prayer. 
Don't Scuttle the Ship. 
What Is Prayer? By H 
What Is Being Done 

H. H 

J. Werk 

. Shulcr. 
im.— Part 3. 
Helrnan, ...- 

By Rufus D. Bow- 


Nora M. Rhodes 

A. V. Sager, 


,lrs. Ross D. Murphy. 
Reasons Why the Women Should Help. By 

«'Not"by° Might," Nor "by Power, but by My Spiri 

T. Z. GUbert U""^ '"" 

A Meal for the Master. By Laura Gw.n Swadley, 
Are We? We Are. By Myrtle Pollock.. 
The Vine and the Branches, 
lor and People- 
How We May See Jesus. By B. D. Angle. 
Handmade Gods. By Julia Graydoi 

'•"^iiy Mrs 

Nathan Martin 

The Gist of the Set 

i of Broth crlincss. 
jme end Family- 
Old. Old People (Poem) 
New Lives for Old. By n 
Deeds of Kindness. By D. 

D. W. Kurtz, ... 
By Paul F. Bechiold, 


buhr on 

When it is asked how the general buying public co 
have been foolish enough to imagine that future prohts 
would make their speculative values real values, the answer 
offers us some interesting insights into popular psychology 
and the nature of our present civilization. The general 
buying public was deceived by its own greed and a con- 
spiracy on the part of the dominant financial interests ot 
the country. Business optimism always tends to overleap 
bounds of caution and common sense. Every expanding 
city with tales of real estate profits brings thousands of in- 
vestors who buy subdivision sites at prices which only a 
miracle of expansion could justify. If General Motors 
stock rises 50 per cent, it attracts thousands of buyers who 
expect it to go up another 50 per cent and who by their 
competitive buying, actually send it up to new heights of 
speculative value. General Motors is really a prosperous 
company; yet its stocks suffered a loss of one billion, seven 
hundred million in value in the stock market break. It is 
safe to say that a billion of this amount represented a 
purely speculative value which profits could not have justi- 
fied. • * » 

It is a conservative guess that at least half of the fifty 
billion dollars in values which were lost during a period of 
two weeks were purely psychological, havinr 
either present or possible profits in our 
created by public hysteria plus a conspiracy 
That is a significant illustration of^the 

truths, it is an indication that they haven't done us any 
good, that we have failed to get the lesson. 

Did the strikes in the southern textile mills bother 
you any? Information Service for Dec. 28 contained 
a full account of this matter, especially the troubles at 
Marion, North Carolina. The publication is issued by 
the Research Department of the Federal Council of 
Churches and can be depended upon for fairness and 
accuracy. It would not be pleasant reading, however, 
for any one who is determined to live lazily along in the 
enjoyment of religious rites, without bothering with 
the meaning of them. 

But it says things we shall have to take heed to, just 
as the crash in the stock market said things we shall 
have to take heed to, if we really mean to take such 
things as trine immersion and feet-washing seriously. 

Releasing Peace Power 

The London naval conference is in session now and 
will be for some time to come. Do you want it to suc- 
ceed? Are you praying for it, that its outcome may be 
such as to give new promise of the peace for which the 
hearts of men are longing everywhere? 

Scripture enjoins praye 

for rulers and for all who 

Keeping the Ordinances 

" If we fail here we simply show that such things as 
trine immersion and feet-washing haven't done us any 
good." Some of you thought that was pretty strong. 
It was meant to be strong. The truth calls for strong 

" Here," you will please recall, referred to the realm 
of public morals. That is, to our practice in living to- 
gether, the way we do business with each other as buy- 
ers and sellers, as employers and laborers, as citizens of 
a community or a state, as brothers to the neglected and 
oppressed anywhere, everywhere. If our religion— 
those things which we especially think of as religious 
observances and for the maintenance of which we feel 
so much concern— isn't making a difference in the hu- 
man contacts named above it is a failure. To make 
such a difference is what religious rites are for. 

What an endless lot of hammering it takes to make 
that point stick! So much that you reader victims of 
it get pretty tired. But how else is that " persistent 
teaching" to be carried on? And here is The amazing 
thing : while any scarcity of exhortation on the correct 
observance of the rite becomes at once occasion for 
anxiety, we can go on for .years and even centuries in 
utter disregard of the plain meaning of the rite and no 
voice of protest is heard. Many of our daily contacts 
call loudly for the practice of the very principle of 
brotherhood which we in dramatic form loudly pro- 
claim, but they call in vain. Our ears are dull of hear- 
ing. We are blissfully unaware that anything is hap- 

One such loud call was the crash in the stock market 
about three months ago. Everybody heard the crash, 
the noise, but most of us heard only the first half of 
what it said. For it did say something. It was not 
meaningless jargon, that terrific noise. There was 
sense in it. There was a burning message in it. 

The first half of it which we all heard was the news 
that many people had suffered financial loss, some of 
them heavy loss. Some could charge their ill luck to 
experience and resolve to make a better guess next 
time, if they can. Some had their savings swept away 
and can not so easily forget. But everybody heard the 

ndustries, and 
in high places, 
rtificiality of our 
measure of honesty to be found in it. 
Small men are placed behind prison bars for obtaining 
money under false pretenses. But the leaders of the nation 
may by the very same method create fictitious values to the 
extent of twenty-five billion dollars jnd still remain hon- 
ored and envied leaders of our society. 

It always requires a long time 

for human intelligence to 

come a 
ment mu 

grasp th*e logic of events. The whitened bones of dead 
traditions and ideas dot every landscape. Yet unlogical as 
men are, they do finally grasp the meaning of the life about 
them Our present civilization ostensibly bases its order and 
cohesion upon the idea of the sanctity of property. Yet the 
civilization manipulates property so that it has ue- 
mere fiction. The inevitable result of this develop- 
st be loss of respect for the idea of property. Our 
present civilization orders human relationships through ab- 
stractions of money and stock certificates. Either it will 
acquire the social intelligence to understand the human 
problems and the human needs which hide behind these 
abstractions, or it will aggravate injustice until justice will 
be violently avenged. * * * 

The speculation mania is merely the symptom of a civi- 
lization which does not deal ethically or humanely with its 
complex relationships, which has abstracted all human and 
social meaning from business relationships until only the 
economic implication remains, and greed becomes the sole 
motive to which an appeal can be made. Nothing but a 
complete reorganization of our common life will save us 
from the evils which the stock market fever reveals. 

to find the somewhat shadowy 
line between speculation and investment. We are not 
in the mood just now to rub salt on any sore wounds. 
We think it likely that many unhappy victims of this 
explosion are no more to blame, perhaps less, than 
many others who were not caught by it and have no 
sense of obligation concerning it, no feeling that there 
is something we ought to do about it. The situation 
urges us to two searching lines of self-examination: 
whether greed and avarice are crowding brotherly love 
out of our own lives, and whether indifference or self- 
ish ease is allowing us to live contentedly while many 
of our fellows are the victims of gTeat injustice. 

Perhaps you have forgotten that we are writing 
about trine immersion and feet-washing, those beauti- 
ful symbols of fellowship with God and human brother- 
hood. We are trying to say that if they do not stir 
us up to lively interest in the practice of these great 

are in positions of authority. Pray for our President 
and tell him you are doing it. Pray for the rulers of 
other nations, for the conference delegates. And for 
the peoples everywhere that a mighty hunger for world 
peace may possess them. Prayer releases power. It 
closes the circuit Which runs through the hearts of 
brotherly minded men and the heart of Gotl. 

Our church loves peace. We cherish it as a cardinal 
doctrine. Besides this, it is implicit in every ordinance 
which symbolizes fellowship with God and brotherhood 
with men. We can not keep these faithfully and be 
false to an opportunity like this. 

Let's pray for peace now more constantly, more 
earnestly than before. 

Yes, Criticise, If — 

' Most of our criticism is 



We shall not attempt a discussion of the ethics 
speculation nor even try 

to our own pride and so useless to help the person 

Then we'd better examine pretty carefully that bent 
to criticise which lurks in us. Is that why we do it— 
to satisfy our pride, our feeling of superiority, our 
consciousness of knowing the better way? Is that also 
why we are so careless of the effect on the other per- 
son? Well, we did our duty ! We cleared our skirts 
anyway ! 

Not if that was the spirit in which we went at it. 
Not if that was our motive. We only clear our skirts 
of responsibility when we do our utmost to help. T 
means care, humility, patience, long-suffering 
short, it means love. It means that our chief interest 
is in making him, or her/happier and more useful, not 
in bolstering up our own sense of self-importance. 

Criticism of others is good, necessary, if. but only if, 
it has in it the magic touch of love. 

Go All the Way In 

To enter more deeply into the meaning of that great 
fact in human experience which we call religion, to dis- 
cover more surely the highest, truest, richest, best kind 
of religion, to prove its virtue, its satisfying power, its 
all around livahleness— there is no worthier life aim 
than this. You agree? 

Well then 1 We are ready to go. Try Jesus' way. 
No life philosophy has ever promised more. None has 
ever done more to fulfill its promise. But it has not 
had half a chance. The hints it has given in response 
to such trial as it has had justify great hopes on the 
part of anyone who is willing to test it thoroughly. 



God's Stars 

I, tikes the dark to show us where .he stars are 
Full-shining, clear and bright throughout the blue, 
I, takes the night to make us see the glory 
Of light that beams afar when day is through. 
Sometimes a disappointment, grim and crushing, 
Brings in its train a gift so rare 
We gaze with eyes alight with wonder 
To think a joy so rich lay hidden there. 
\ loved soul gone oft shows the way to heaven, 
\nd lights a path that otherwise were dim; 
\nd oft we'd shrink from thought of going 
Were not that dear one waiting there within. 
Look back, dear heart, and see in all your sorrow 
God's hand in understanding holding yours; 
Sweet comfort for the future you may borrow- 
ed always knows, and so the best assures. 
Mount Morris, 111. 

Living Simply in an Extravagant Age 


Second Half 
What then is the way out? The only satisfactory 
solution that I have been able to find is for all of 
us to stop long enough to determine for ourselves what 
are the abiding values of life, and then to so order our 
lives as to make room for them. 

The difficulty in which many of us find ourselves is 
that we have gotten ourselves into a complex and diffi- 
cult situation where we are being relentlessly driven, 
and have not stopped to ask ourselves whether the 
things for which we spend our time and money are 
really worth while. We have not passed judgment on 
the transient interests of life. So we spend time and 
money and effort on " that which is not bread, on 
" that -which satisfied not." Some would say we have 
not adopted a philosophy of life. Plato said: "The 
unexamined life is unhvable." One of the most profita- 
ble things one can do is to stop and examine his daily 
program. The value, of course, depends on what one 
doe; about it. But the beginning of help rests on a 
careful examination of one's life, and passing judgment 
on the various interests that clamor for attention. 

Jesus did just this in the Sermon on the Mount when 
he said, " Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon 
earth, where moth and rust consume," " Be not anxious 
for your fife, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; 
nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. . . • 
" But seek ye first his kingdom, and his righteousness." 
We hear Paul speak of certain values which he counts 
refuse and of another value which he considered of su- 
premest importance. 

But in a world so complex, with such multiplied in- 
terests, activities and possessions— what are some of 
the abiding values? How can one select? What are 
the principles upon which one must base his decisions? 
How may one escape " arising from the feast of life 
with the taste of ashes in his mouth " ? 

What we all seek is life. We want more abundant 
life, fuller life, richer life, more satisfying life. Jesus 
said he came that " they might have more abundant 
life." He was sit against everythingtfiat hindered this 
abundant life— disease, sin, fear, injustice, oppression, 
hyprocrisy, love of money— against all of these he was 
firmly set. 

Anything that hinders the fullest self-realization in 
an individual, anything that leads him to devote his 
time to things that do not enrich and satisfy his deeper 
nature, and thereby keeps him from the abundant life, 
should be avoided. The highest self-realization, the 
fullest life for others, the most possible time and money 
and energy for service to others, should be the goal to 
which we order our lives. 

There are those who seek to live fully by taking in 
every pleasure that modern life offers. They rush here 
and there, early and late, try this thrill and that thrill 
apparently happy for a while. Soon their testimony is 
like that of the girl who said she had done nearly every- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 25, 1930 

thing she had been taught not to do and found it wasn't 
as rrnich fun as she had thought tt would be. Orhke the 
testimony of the girl who after engaging .»*»*£ 
ery form of modem entertainment and amusement 
saW that her most lasting satisfaction cne from caring 
for an aged parent who was sick, and then passed on 
with words of appreciation on his dying hps. 

Some seek satisfaction in possessions, and add fa rm 
to farm store to store, bank stock to bank stock, dollar 
d olL; long after all reasonable economical nee s 
have been met. They <Jo not give, they S** 
enjov luxuriously or to hoard niggardly. How often 
these awake, like the farmer in war time who saidte 
would give all his farms to save his boys from ^ fatal, 
ties of war. The value of the farms dwindled into in 
ignificance alongside his boys. How empty ,s mere 
possession, how inadequate to satisfy the deeper hun- 
g of life! No wonder that Jesus said to a certain 
rich man, " Thou fool," and added, " so is he who lay- 
eth up" treasure for himself and is not rich toward 

G< Some of us seek anxiously for the applause of men 
and sacrifice other more abiding values for these. How 
we rush here, and there, cater to this and that apparent 
value and become hopelessly enmeshed with the world 
Sometimes we sacrifice home life, the opportunity of 
friendship with our children, or even conviction , and 
self-respect only to find the rewards empty bubbles_ 
Like Wolsey, we are compelled to exclaim Had 1 
but served my God with half the zeal I served my king, 
He would not in mine age have left me naked to mine 
enemies." Pleasure, possessions, plaudits are cheap 
substitutes for the deeper satisfactions that come from 
sacrificial service, love of one's children, confidence of 
friends, and self-respect. 

If we take stock of life, and pass judgment on its ac- 
tivities, I am convinced that there will be more tune 
for meditation, reflection, and communion with God 
and nature; more time for talking, playing and pray- 
ing with our families; more time for reading great 
o-ood books, and magazines; time for great art and 
beautiful music; more time for visiting helpfully those 
who are lonely or sick; more time for really worth- 
while social betterment movements ; more time for little 
acts of helpfulness to others; more giving and less 
holding of our possessions. Then our lives w.ll be 
richer better, more satisfying, more abundant. 

Our time, our money, our energy will then be budg- 
eted in the light of these more abiding values. Pat 
Mahlin in The World Tomorrow gave some very sug- 
gestive hints on spending some months ago, some of 
which I shall mention here. He said he applied three 
principles when spending money. 

First Do I need this sort of thing? He said that 
fur coats were not a necessity in New Jersey climate, 
so he and his wife agreed to eliminate these from their 
wardrobe. He had come to doubt whether the validity 
of marriage depended on a diamond ring. I And while 
evening dress suits were splendid, their need of them 
was small compared to the need of negro students in 
Florida for more books in their libraries. 

Second Do I need it in the quantity or as convement- 
ly as I now have it? He said, that due to their many 
visitors, he and his wife need a second bath room m 
their home, but that they did not need a second one as 
bad as the people on the East Side of New York need 
their first one. When married, he said, his friends 
bought silverware for him and his wife, but no butter 
spreaders. He said they had bought no butter spread 
ers because the miners of South Wales had no butter 
spreaders. They have no butter. They have no bread. 
Third Do I need this in as expensive a form? Often- 
time we could take a cheaper seat at some entertain- 
ment or lecture and take some one who could not go 
otherwise. It is right to buy for quality, but often we 
buy for class, to show that we can buy at. Marshall 
Field's and don't have to buy in the basement of the 
Boston Store or elsewhere. 

I do not plead for stinginess or miserliness. It is 
rather that we might spend wisely for the enrichment 
of our own lives, and that we may have to give to oth- 
ers What we want is more abundant life. The spend- 
thrift misses it, and so does the miser. There are times 
that we ought to spend more for richer living, at other 
times we should spend less. 

The Church of the Brethren has in the past lived 
simply and has taught the simple life. Out of the loins 
of our fathers has come a class of strong men and 
women. Because we have not been satisfied with the 
method sometimes used to maintain simple living, some 
have given up the principle of the simple he We 
need to keep up our teaching of the simple life, not 
alone to make us peculiar and different, but because it 
cdves us time and energy and money for the worth- 
while, the abiding things of life. Seek first his king- 
dom and his righteousness. Set your affections on 
things above. "Lay up for yourselves treasures in 
heaven, where moth nor rust doth consume, and where 
thieves do not break through nor steal." 
McPherson, Kans. 

A Compassionate Christ 

"When he [Christ] saw the multitude, he was moved 
with compassion on them" (Matt. 9:36). 

The word compassion explains much of the teach- 
ings, the life and the death of Jesus. It should mean 
much to us who trust in him. It was out of compas- 
sion for the sinful that he left his heavenly home for 
a time and came to this earth; out of compassion for 
the ignorant that he spoke as never man spake 
before ; out of compassion for the sorrowful that he 
wept ; out of compassion for the wayward that he re- 
buked ; out of compassion for the sick that he healed ; 
out of compassion for the lost that he died on the cross. 
It is out of compassion for his weak, and weary and 
discouraged brethren that he now lives in heaven 
" making intercession " still. 

How thankful we should be for a compassionate 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

A Wide Open Field 


To the east of Sebring, twenty and forty-five miles 
respectively, we have two mission points. The former 
in the Istokpoga section-is organized and has a good 
house The latter is known as the Old Fort Bassenger 
settlement. Here people have lived and engaged in the 
stock raising business for generations. They are 
classed as cattlemen, some of them well-to-do and all 
of them natives. Most of them have never seen a flake 
of snow, and have not the least idea how snow looks. 
In the community the Brethren have a splendid church 
building and a membership not far from fifty- In the 
same community is an up-to-date schoolhouse where 
two efficient teachers are employed. Taking it as a 
whole, the community is a prosperous one and has a 
promising outlook. Eld. J. W. Rogers, whose home is 
in Sebring, is in charge of the mission and religiously 
speaking, the Brethren influence dominates the locality. 
Through the kindness of Bro. Chas. T. Rogers, one 
of our young deacons who knows how to handle a car, 
I was permitted to visit this mission point on Dec. 22 
and address a very attentive audience. The house, its 
neat appearance and the class of people attending the 
services, would be a credit to any southern community. 
There were present more women and young people than 
men, for the reason that the men looking after their 
cattle on the broad ranges and through the timber belts, 
quite often do not get home until midnight, and even 
later; especially is this true of Saturdays. But they 
turn out well for the Sunday evening services. 

For dinner we were most kindly entertained in the 
home of Brother and Sister Bass, who were born and 
raised in this part of the state, and are now classed 
with the old timers. Their manner of life still borders 
on the pioneer type, and yet they live well and are ac- 
tive in all that pertains to the good of the community. 
With them and their grown-up children we enjoyed 
what we are pleased to designate as a typical Cracker 
dinner. On the table were more than a dozen different 
kinds of food, well prepared and nicely served. In the 
North we have eaten ten thousand meals, and even 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 


more no better served, and we are told that this is the 
way the family lives the year round. We certainly did 
enjoy this southern cooking. We are saying this much 
(o show that there are people far out in the woods of 
Florida and miles away from any railroads, who can 
live well, enjoy life and appreciate the values of re- 
ligion and education. 

This community would be a good place for some 
fairly well-to-do minister and his wife to locate and . 
make themselves useful. They could locate in such a 
way as to enjoy good school privileges for their chil- 
dren and at the same time help in the work of the 
church. In parts of the Brotherhood there may be a 
score of preachers not especially needed where they 
are and who hardly know what to. do with themselves. 
This is one of the many openings for the type of family 
that can contentedly locate in the South and then live 
sufficiently like the southern people until they can to- 
gether move up to higher and more ethical planes. A 
few exemplary deacons and Sunday-school workers of 
like type might make themselves greatly appreciated. 

To most people from the North this part of the 
South, with families living here and there usually out 
of sight of each other, would seem quite wild. The 
natives young and old know all the by roads and trails, 
and with their cars or on horseback make their way 
from place to place with perfect ease. With them 
nights cut no figure if they choose to attend church or 
go elsewhere where duty or taste calls them, and for 
this and other reasons the Sunday evening church serv- 
ices are generally more largely attended than the fore- 
noon meetings. 

Their cattle and hogs run at large in the roads, along 
ihe lakes and streams and over the broad, level stretches 
of prairie. Each family has its recognized mark or 
brand, and mounted on their trusty light weight horses, 
the men, cowboys sometimes called, working together, 
keep an eye on the thousands of animals to see that 
in their search for green pastures they do not wander 
too far from what they consider their allotted territory. 
Now and then during a season an animal may be struck 
by a large rattlesnake and die. If found by any of the 
cattlemen it is reported. Once a year before the calves 
are weaned, the cattle are all rounded up at a desig- 
nated point and each man brands the calves with the 
cows belonging to him. In this way each one keeps 
track of his own livestock. This rounding up week is a 
big time for the cattlemen. They may be on the job 
day and night until the task is completed. Aside from 
the time devoted to looking after their interests it costs 
practically nothing to raise and prepare the cattle for 
market. No feeding whatever is done ; each animal is 
expected to find its own living, and usually they fare 
quite well during the spring, summer and fall months, 
but often have scant living in the winter season when 
grazing is not at its best. 

These people, like others the world over, have their 
spells of sickness, meet with physical accidents and 
while now and then securing the services of a physician, 
it is marvelous how they can take care of themselves 
and of each other. Boys and girls growing up amid 
such native surroundings become resolute, resourceful 
and self-reliant. Their training, experience and ob- 
servation give them a sense of keenness in sound, sight 
and perception that tides them over and past many an 
obstacle. Some of the older ones may not be able to 
read and yet in conversation they give evidence of a 
good vocabulary, and a creditable breadth of informa- 
tion. They may not have spent a day in the school 
room, but they have spent years in the school of expe- 
rience. In the way of mental attainments and the abili- 
ty to think they measure up well with the hardy pioneer 
who in the advanced guard opened up the once wilder- 
ness west. 

As one rides over these semi-everglade parts of 
south Florida he is impressed with the vastness of the 
comparatively level stretches, with here and there a 
belt of timber, or a cluster of tall palmetto trees, There 
are marshes, lakes and streams. One may on main 
lines motor for miles over hard surfaced roads, smooth 
as a floor, without seeing a house of any sort. To the 
newcomer accustomed to hills, mountains, broad val- 
leys and extensive stretches of well improved and cul- 

tivated fields the sight is one of novelty, fascinating 
and even enchanting. 

To the Brethren with their simple form of religion, 
this section as well as others further north is wide 
open. We are occupying only a small part of it, and 
any work done~ here must be classed as home mission 
work. We are looking forward to the time when there 
will be more workers and more churches. For the 
present we must have workers who are in a position to 
take care of themselves, and some of the church ex- 
penses besides. They should be workers full of the 
missionary spirit and not easily discouraged on account 
of unforeseen obstacles. Such workers will spend 
more time thinking about the good they may accomplish 
than the few obstacles to be encountered here and 

We are not writing this with a view of opening up 
correspondence with any prospective settler. The con- 
ditions are such that workers should first see the differ- 
ent fields, study the possibilities and decide for them- 
selves as to whether they can cheerfully suit themselves 
to the conditions. 

Some who read this article may not see much religion 
in it, and yet if they will read it aright, and read care- 
fully between the lines, they may be able to see mission 
points opening up here and there, and the adding of 
other churches to the list of those already operating in 
the Land of Flowers. 
Sebring, Fla. 

Worship in the Worship Program 

Part III. Creating an Atmosphere of Worship 

Reverence in our churches is lamentably lacking. I 
know of no reformation that is needed more than a ref- 
ormation in our attitude of reverence. Many people 
think that they can have a social visit before the serv- 
ice begins. They are called to order only by the sing- 
ing of a hymn and the voice of the minister. Some 
people even think that it is permissible to whisper dur- 
ing the service. The creation of an attitude of rever- 
ence is necessary for the most effective worship. 

Reverence ought to be commanded because of what 
the minister is himself. He is a man chosen by the 
church to conduct the service of worship. Reverence 
ought to be accorded because of the day. The Lord's 
Day is set apart to worship the God of Love. Our re- 
spect for the meetinghouse should make us reverent. 
The church is the temple of the living God. Our love 
for the God whom we are worshipping should create in 
us attitudes of reverence. 

In connection with this, it is well to discuss aids in 
creating an atmosphere of reverence. The first factor 
is the attitude of the minister. He has the responsibih- 

A New Pentecost 

C The first Pentecost did not take place in the 

It was the church taking place. 
<[ It was borne in on the wings of hope. 

The church has been a hope ever since. 
C The unfulfilled hope of that early century found 
fulfillment in the church. 

The unfulfilled hope of this century ought to 
be fulfilled in the present church. 
C The form and character of the first Pentecost 
was not humanly premeditated. 
There can be no such thing as a standardized 
C The freedom of the Spirit is not allowed in 

The freedom of the Spirit was what made the 

first Pentecost what it was. 

C The Spirit moved in answer to a hope, and 

that was Pentecost. 

Does the Spirit operate that way today? 
Elgin. '»■ 

niu "'i'" ii.iiirri'iiiimiiimii immiiiiuiuiu"""^ 

ty of teaching the people. If he is untiring in his teach- 
ing and leads the way in giving his people the right ex- 
ample, they will follow him. If he is reverent in man- 
ner, dignified in expression and elevated in thought, his 
hearers will manifest the same attitude. 

The reverent attitudeof the pastor as he enters the 
pulpit will have a worshipful effect upon the congrega- 
tion. His face should shine as did the face of Moses 
when he came down from the mount. He should never 
enter the pulpit without first spending some time with 
his Lord. 

The minister is both priest and prophet. The func- 
tion of a prophet is to interpret God's message to the 
people. The function of a priest is to lead his people in 
the worship of God. It is important that we rear a 
ministry of prophets. It is equally important that our 
ministers be able to lead their people to the spiritual 

I know that the minister should be one of his people. 
His face should be welcomed at the door of every cot- 
tage. He should be happy to take part in the socials 
with his young people. We lift life by contact with 
life. But in the doing of these things, the pastor need 
not compromise his prophetic and priestly functions. I 
have known pastors who lost a great deal of their in- 
fluence because in their zeal, to become one of their 
people, they endorsed methods of fun and forms of 
conversation which were below the level of their sacred 
office. The pastor can not afford to engage in things 
which destroy his moral poise. He needs to be a shin- 
ing example of the spirit of reverence. 

The second factor in creating an atmosphere of rev- 
erence is the manner in which we enter the church. We 
should approach the church conscious that we are en- 
tering the house of prayer. Our attention should be 
withdrawn from other things and centered upon God. 
When this is done, we will feel like taking our seats 
quietly and bowing our heads in a few moments of 
silent prayer. The initiation of this custom will do 
much towards changing our present situation. 

A third factor in creating an attitude of reverence is 
well trained ushers. If ushers bear themselves in a 
dignified and worshipful manner, it will be valuable in 
creating reverence. The manner in which they are or- 
ganized and conduct the seating of the people and the 
taking of the offering will help determine reverence. 
Their method of taking care of the late comers is im- 
portant. No one should be seated during the prayer, 
the reading of the scripture or the singing of a solo or 
anthem. It is well to have certain periods in the serv- 
ice when late comers are admitted. Nothing causes late 
comers to get there on time so much as having to stand 
and wait until a convenient time to be admitted. Time 
spent in the organizing and training of the ushers in 
order that they may efficiently carry out their task is 
well spent. 

A fourth factor in creating an atmosphere of rever- 
ence is the conduct of the children. Children of pri- 
mary age and those who are older should be taught to 
stay for church. I have said before that some elements 
in the worship service should be adapted to children. 
But the bringing of children to church creates a prob- 
lem of reverence. Families should sit together. When 
parents sit with their children, much can be done to- 
ward preserving quietness. Then, too, a church ought 
to have a nursery where mothers can take their small 
children during the church service. This nursery 
should be under the care of a good mother. Otten the 
mothers' class takes the nursery in charge and mothers 
take their turns in caring for the children. This nurs- 
ery room ought to be equipped in such a way as to pro- 
vide entertainment for the children during the preach- 
ing hour. The carrying out of this plan will enable 
mothers with small children to attend church. It also 
provides a place for children to be taken who are mak- 
ing an undue disturbance in the church service. It is 
necessary to adjust the church service to the different 
age groups, but in the doing of this, we must preserve 
a worshipful atmosphere. 

A fifth factor in creating an atmosphere of reverence 
is the musical director and organist. It is not enough 
that our musicians should know music. They need to 

(Continued on Page SS) 




Men's Work 

To All Our Laymen 

K some way every opportunity is a responsibility. 
However, once' in awhile a special opportumty of such 
great importance offers itself that extraordinary bene- 
fits result from its proper improvement, while an, neg- 
lect of it carries along inevitable elements of calami- 
,ous failure. The proper attention to such an opportum- 
,v thus becomes a definite duty, the evaston of which is 
impossible. We. as men of the church, are at .us 
moment faced with such a situation m the urgent^ need 
of the raising of the Mission Challenge Fund be or 
\chievement Day, Feb. 16. The psychologtcal nature 
of this particular challenge at this period outweighs 
even its financial aspects. Neglect on our part to an- 
swer its plea at this time, adequately by extraordinary 
"contributions, is bound to result in great dis.l us.on- 
ment and loss of morale in our church hfe while an 
enthusiastic rallying to meet this great need o the hour 
is bound to result in a most beneficial stimulus of the 
spiritual life of the church. 

The great service project for all Men's Work or- 
o^nizations throughout the Brotherhood durmg the 
month of Februarv should be without single exception 
the definite execution of plans to raise the largest 
amounts for this Challenge Fund. There can be no 
other immediate task facing any men's group 
can measure up in any degree to this single objective. 

The National Organization of Men's Work has 
asked no financial assistance for its promotion durmg 
this year from any local organizations. However it 
presents to all the men of tire church at this time the 
most urgent plea to give until it hurts. Let this giving 
become actually sacrificial and it will grow into a source 
of untold blessings. We may never again be con- 
fronted with such a chance to demonstrate our church 


Men's Work of the Church of the Brethren is as yet 
not sufficiently organized and coordinated to project a 
definite campaign on a national scale for this particular 
purpose. Its contribution, therefore, must come main- 
ly in the form of this appeal, which is intended to be 
without reservation. 

Men have always given, and they will give again ; 
but the question now is to give individually and col- 
lectively in such a manner that, motive and conviction 
can not be misunderstood, and our beloved church will 
be relieved from the calamitous distress once and for 


Almost every church has one or more men of more 
than average financial ability, who at present determine 
their giving to missions on the basis of the church mis- 
sionary budget. They are generous to educational and 
to civic causes, but have not felt specially challenged by 
the missionary cause, beyond the asking of the local 
church. These potential liberal givers are offered at 
this moment the very special opportunity to make a 
special contribution for an appeal which has outgrown 
its original missionary aspects and has become of vital 
significance for the well-being of the church. These 
men should be approached at once, which usually can 
be done most successfully by their fellow laymen. 

All leaders of men, all stewardship groups, all men's 
Bible classes, and all other men's organizations should 
focus every endeavor on the raising of funds in these 
crucial weeks. While Men's Work is primarily an edu- 
cational movement, it should never evade its duty to 
serve the church especially in a time like this. 

After all, the call is to meet the neglect of the past 
and never again will we need to raise such a fund. All 
contributions should be mailed at once to the General 
Mission Board at Elgin, 111. 

Now, fellow laymen, here is our chance to show our 
metal. Each one of us will do his part, as God sees it. 

I wish that every fellow layman could have shared 
my privilege to attend the session of the General Mis- 
sion Board at La Verne in which the matter of reduc- 
ing the pay of the native workers in India was dis- 
cussed, and when one of our beloved missionaries from 
that field remonstrated that if such was done he would 
demand the reduction of his own salary. Such devo- 

tio „ ,o the task, such obvious sacrifice of ou. mission 
aries for the salvation of their fellow-men must hud its 
echo and reecho in our financial response at this time. 
Chicago, 111. 

Esaulike or Jesuslike 


All men may be divided into two classes, the Esau- 

ALL men lUrt) ut uit»«™ 

like who are interested only in the present and lay great 
emphasis upon self-gratification, possessions and pleas- 
ures ; and the Jesuslike, who are interested in the fu 
ture and the eternal possessions and pleasures. 

Esau though a great success in the art of hunting 
and providing food for his aged father, in thinking so 
much about the present, exchanged for a good meal his 
birthright. Although he afterward earnestly desired to 
inherit the blessing, seeking it with tears, he was re- 
jected for there could be found no place for a bargain 
monger Esau's fatal mistake" was that he overempha- 
sized his present needs. " He wanted what he wanted, 
and he wanted it right away." Heedlessly Esau serves 
the present appetite and sells his birthright. Heedless- 
ly individuals today are prone to barter their birthright 
of time, of health, of golden opportunity, of a true and 
spotless life, for the thrill of some present pleasure and 
the loss of such will be even greater than the loss of 

Esau. . 

On the other hand, Jesus chose the greater but fu- 
ture rewards. " For the joy set before him," he was 
willing to go through any and all present distresses and 
suffering, " even to the death on the cross," to attain 
the future prize, that of doing the Father's will. Jesus 
placed the emphasis upon the unseen rather than on the 
seen; if we are to be Jesuslike, we must do the same. 
All who have attained in business, in scholarship, in ex- 
ploration of earth, of sea or sky, in statecraft or in mis- 
sionary adventure have been men content to forget 
present suffering and sacrifice for the sake of antici- 
pated rewards. All noblest ambitions are in the same 
sense Jesuslike rather than Esaulike. 

In regard to our own country, some one has said that 

America needs to become more Christlike, she needs to 
pray for mental and moral balance and for a return to 
self-denial and self-discipline, for an unselfishness o 
spirit that will bring about an attitude of international 
goodwill. Shall we who claim to know a little about 
the Lord, strive to be more Jesuslike and less Esauhke 
emphasizing the invisible rather than the visible i and 
saying with Paul: "While we look not at the thmgs 
which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; 
for the things which are seen are temporal: but the 
things which are not seen are eternal." 
• McPhcrson, Kans. 

World Day of Prayer 

March 7, 1930 


S^cury ol Mis.ioi.ary Acliviti.., Council ol Women', Work 

The World Day of Prayer, which is dated each year 
for the first Friday in Lent, is proving to be an ever 
widening fellowship for the Christian women of all 
lands. We now approach another observance of this 
Day which this year will occur on March 7. 

The theme, " That Jesus May Be Lifted Up," has as 
its central thought Jesus the world's Savior. Through- 
out the program time is given for meditation, thanks- 
giving, confession, dedication and intercession. Let us 
make it a real day of prayer and witnessing for Christ 
on this nineteen hundredth anniversary of Pentecost. 
Let us begin now to pray for a fresh outpouring of the 
Holy Spirit. Let us again read the life of our Lord 
and the Acts of the Apostles. 

Women's groups should begin planning early for this 
very important event. Do not fail to pray that guid- 
ance may be given to all those' who have the responsi- 
bility of planning for the day in local communities. 
Give the service early publicity in the local newspaper, 
the bulletin board and from the pulpit. The occasion is 
worthy of our best efforts. Young women and stu- 
dents should be encouraged to have special evening 
meetings when large numbers can attend. It will per- 
haps be an incentive and inspiration to us to keep in 
mind the fact that this Day of Prayer will be observed, 
not only by the Christian women of America but by 
women of all nations- regardless- of race or color. The 
program was prepared by a Korean woman and the 
Call to Prayer by a young woman of the Philippines. 

The program, ^ That Jesus May Be Lifted Up," 2c 
each, $175 per hundred. 

" The Call to Prayer," with daily cycle, free. 
Seals for letters and invitations, 25c per hundred. 
Order your supplies early from the General Mission 
Board, Elgin, 111. 
Dallas Center, Iowa. 

Don't Scuttle the Ship 


Would you murder your own grandmother? Would 
you burn the bridge behind you that has earned you 
with millions of others safely over the turbu ent waters 
and must carry yet other millions? Would you de- 
stroy other bridges that you must cross so that you can 
neither go backwards nor forwards ? Or would you with 
the wisdom that God lias given you, that you use in 
your common daily practice and experience, make them 
stronger and safer as the days go by? Then don t 
scuttle the ship and sink her to the bottom of the sea 
Every plank has been laid and calked with the blood o 
countless thousands of martyrs who struggled and died 
for the truth and right as they saw it, who were human 
as we are human, who made their mistakes as we make 

In your doubtful moments you consider whether the 
ship is worth salvaging. With the storms she has 
passed through she looks rather the worse for wear. 
Man judges by outward appearances, God by the heart. 
With God a day is a thousand years. Man is impatient, 
he wants results and he is disappointed if they do not 
come up to his standards of thought. Let us reflect for 
a moment on the stages that man has come up out of. 
the dim past when he dwelt in caves, clothed in the 
skins of wild animals, his tools of stone. He navigated 
the rivers with logs lashed together, or mayhap with 
a boat hewn out of a log with his stone ax. Verily 
God's ways are slow but sure. Man is only an instru- 
ment pliable as wax but with that, natural to 
drift back to his primitive state he must be molded and 
remolded. Thus we have tried to give a crude picture 
of the spiritual struggle of the forces that seem to be 
pulling him back to his original state. He has been 
seeking after God in his crude way ever since his earli- 
est days The sun, moon and stars, rain and every- 
thing in nature have been his god. It is true he has 
made some great strides; but he is yet in sem.darkness. 
He has yet far to go. He must learn to separate the 
dross from the gold. He must get rid of that animal 
nature. He is yet in Egyptian slavery. The Red Sea 
is before him ; the enemy is behind him. He must wan- 
der in the wilderness of superstition, ignorance, idola- 
try anoT selfishness. But don't scuttle the ship ; her tim- 
bers are sound. Never be discouraged ; she will make 
port by and by. 

Vienna, Va. .„»_ 

What Is Prayer? 


The poet says, " Prayer is the soul's sincere desire." 
In prayer we talk to God, don't we? We just ask God 
our heavenly Father to send. us what we really need, 
not what we want; but what he sees we really need. 
Too many of us ask and receive not. Why not? James 
says something along that line: "Ye ask, and receive 
not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it up- 
on your lusts" (4:3). We ought to look into this. 
Perhaps we have not received any answer, and oh, how 
we do pray! Is the Lord deaf ? Can he not hear our 
prayer? Why, oh, why must tpray and pray and pray 
and yet no response? Surely I trust him, yet my prayer 
seems unanswered. James says, "The effectual fer- 
' vent prayer of a righteous man availeth much. Elijah 
Daniel, David and many others prayed. Jesus prayed 
and prayed, often and long, all night. Do we do as he 
did? If not, why not? He is our Captain, our Master, 
our Redeemer. We would do well to follow him in his 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 


walk in life. He was a good Man, a prayerful Man, a 
devoted Worshiper, a wonderful Savior. Yet he fasted, 
he prayed and his Father heard and answered him 

We should continue in prayer and suppuration We 
should be sincere, earnest and in secret we should pray. 
I often feel we neglect the " sweet hour of prayer. 
Daniel prayed three times a day, looking toward Jeru- 
salem. ' Prayer changes things. We sometimes worry 
ever our troubles. Why not take them to the Burden- 
bearer? He knows all about us, he will deliver, he will 
answer our prayer. Before undertaking any great task 
«, to the Master and tell him all about it. We sing this 
thought, don't we? Do we really mean it when we 
s ing? Then let us trust and obey. 

Canton, Ohio. 


What Is Being Done? 

Preside,., of the Coundl of Women'. Work 

What Ministers' Wives Are Doing 

Several ministers' wives have already returned their 
envelopes containing the special offering and prayer 
mentioned in last week's Messenger, and here are a 
few quotations from their letters. All this is very en- 
couraging and indicates that there is a real interest 
among the women of the Brotherhood. 

This from Virginia—" Your thinking of the minis- 
ters' wives was certainly an inspiration. We are blessed 
in many ways above others and in this way we can pass 
on a blessing to others by our own gift of love and 

From Washington-" I am glad to hustle off my 
' mite ' with a prayer." 

From Southern Pennsylvania—" As a minister's wife 
I have mailed my envelope containing my small con- 
tribution for the mission deficit. I am sure that if the 
women of our churches will join heart and hand and 
give their little bit and pray without ceasing the deficit 
will soon vanish^' 

From Indiana—" I have sent my envelope with con- 
tribution as a minister's wife to the General Mission 
Board. I am in sympathy with the movement and pray 
God's blessing upon every sister who contributes to this 

From Tennessee—" I am sending the envelope to 'El- 
gin with a small offering as a minister's wife. Surely 
there is not one of us but can give something, and if we 
all give even a little it will mean much in this campaign. 
May the Lord bless our efforts and the efforts of all at 
this time." 

I am made to rejoice for the above statements from 
these loyal women. As ministers' wives we have a 
wealth of opportunity for service in the Master's king- 
dom, and after all that is probably the greatest blessing 
that may come to any one. The minister's at 
home and on the foreign field must make the supreme 
sacrifice in service as well as in leadership if others are 
to be led into the higher life. We do this gladly, wish- 
ing we had more hands to work with and more of mind 
and soul and substance to lay at the feet of him who 
gave all that we might be redeemed. 

come out just a little behind; maybe we can do more 
after Christmas." 

One good Aid worker in Ohio says she has taken the 
matter of the Deficit Fund up with the various Sunday- 
school classes as well as with the Aids and adds: I 
somehow or other just feel that our women will go 
over the top, so just keep up the good work and we will 
all try to do our part." 

There are fine spirited women like the two above in 
' every local church and District. May we all be filled 
with the. same spirit. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Two Reasons Why the Women Should Help 


There are two reasons why the women, in their 
united organization, should accept enthusiastically the 
opportunity of having a definite part in raising the sec- 
ond half of the $75,000 missionary deficit. 

First, because it is a great spiritual venture. The 
women of the Brotherhood are in the act of uniting 
their forces under the leadership of the Counc, lot 
Women's Work, as a mighty arm of the church. While 
many are asking, " Is there a definite need for this new 
organization?" a vital and urgent challenge presents it- 
self to the Brotherhood. Without disturbing the regu- 
lar giving of the church, $37,500 must be raised before 
March 1 to wipe out our missionary deficit. If we do 
not accept this challenge as a door God has opened for 
us how can we pray to him for further leadership? If 
we fail now it will be difficult later to conv.nce our- 
selves or anyone else that we are in earnest. The test 
of success for an organization is not how large and en- 
thusiastic a meeting they can hold at Conference, but 
rather what have they done? 

Seeond, we should be enthusiastic because this is our 
cause What have missions done for womanhood? The 
Gospel of Jesus has lifted woman from the place of a 
beast of burden to 'a position of respect and honor. 
Many of our sisters of China, India and Africa are lit- 
tle more than the chattel of ignorant, superstitious men 
Our sisters are already on the field carrying the light 
of Tesus They are discouraged by the ever increasing 
missionary deficit. This is our cause. We must carry 
it on. We must pray and work and give. 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Today there hangs over our church family a heavy 
debt. As members of this family we are called upon 
to meet it. May we work and pray to the end that, as 
did the daughter, so we, not by might nor by power, 
but by his Spirit, shall win. 
Los Angeles, Calif. 

A Meal for the Master 


The challenge that comes to the women of our 
church to help wipe out the mission deficit is one which 
every one of us will want to help meet. With a willing 
mind to begin with, it will be easy for many to have a 
part in this. All that will be necessary will be to write 
a check and send it in. 

But there are many others who are saying: " I wish 
I might have a part in helping at this time, seems 
there are two places for every dollar I have." 

Have you ever wished that you might have had the 
privilege Mary and Martha had of having Jesus as a 
Guest and of preparing a meal for him. or have been 
one of the group of women who followed him and min- 
istered to him? If it could be that he could be in our 
midst today, and should say to us, " Today I must 
at thy house," I am sure there isn't a sister in the 
church but would welcome him and prepare him a meal. 
But we can give him a meal even though he isn't here 
in person. We can do it by helping his followers. If 
we will sell the chicken or give the price of the meat 
we would serve if he were our Guest, add the of 
the cake and other things, and send the money to help 
wipe out the mission deficit (money which has been 
-used in his cause) we would really be giving the meal 
to him. How many of us will do this? 
Johnson City, Tcnn. 

What Others Are Doing 

One District in Maryland sends this encouraging re- 
port: " Every sewing circle in our District has prom- 
ised to do something toward the Deficit Fund, several 
groups having already sent from $25 to $75 each." And 
then the writer adds this: " We surely do not want to 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren, 

rVbliahed weekly by Brethren Pobli.blng Home, B. . E. Arnold. Gen- 
cral Manager, 16 to 21 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at »00 per annum, u. 
advance. (Canada subscription* fifty cents extra.) 

EDWARD FRANTZ, , - " " • "*" 

H. A. BRANDT. - - - *"■"-' EJ "" 

Enl«eu at the Postoffice at Elgin. III., as poon^-elass Matter. 
Acceptance .(or mailing at Bneclal rate of postage provided tor in 
•cotton 1103. Act of October 3, 1917. authorized Augnat -0, lms- 

" Not by Might, Nor by Power, 
but by My Spirit " 

Associate President^ Council of Women's Work 

A few years ago the Messenger reported the pass- 
ing of a certain sister who was known to many in our 
Brotherhood. In her death the church lost one of its 
most devoted and self-sacrificing women. 

It was the writer's good fortune to be in close touch 
with this sister during a part of their school life to- 
gether and thus to become familiar with some of the 
struggles which were not revealed through the smiling 
face she always gave to those to whom she ministered. 
Into her girlhood home had come a misfortune 
against which she and her mother battled for years. 
Circumstances had brought a very heavy debt upon 
them and although it had long been outlawed, they held 
it as an obligation to be met in full, in order that their 
. Christian character be spared reproach, and the.r farm, 
ly name a blot. 

Under the stress and strain the mother's health gave 
way and after some illness she passed on. But before 
her death she expressed her anxiety about the unpaid 
debt and the daughter promised her dying mother that 
as God would give her strength she would not give up 
until the last dollar was paid. What the promise meant 
to that daughter no words can tell. She wanted an 
education; she must pay the debt, but she had no 
money for either. She was only an orphan girl in an 
unfriendly world, but she determined to meet the issue 
and win. And she won. Not by might, nor by power 
but by the Spirit of him whom she loved and served. 
During the years that_ followed this faithful daughter 
was a blessing to many. 

Are We? We Are 


A messenger of God comes knocking at our door in 
the quiet of the evening or in the early morning. His 
form and features are not distinct in the quiet and 
darkness, but his voice and message ring clear-as he 
solicits us to take our part in the women s share in the 
Challenge Fund. And in harmony with the reaction of 
every Christian's heart to a call for assistance in a good 
cause, we instinctively respond: "We'll do our share. 

As the activities of the day thrust themselves upon 
us, we will continue to say, " We'll do our share for 
we have helped to plan an extensive work 
mands a large budget. We will make calculations as 
we are busy with the duties of the day winch will be 
something like this: We didn't use to have a radio 
we'll turn it off for the next three months and save this 
expense on electricity, we'll minimize our going and 
save the expense of gasoline, of unnecessary purchases 
which the keen advertiser tricks us into buying, of extra 
clothes and eats for the many social functions. And 
we'll solicit the help of our sister or daughter who > 
away at school to share in this economy, for it is for 
them that a goodly portion of this is expended 

And we are going to take to picture the distress 
ful sections of our large American cities, the lack of 
knowledge and material needs of the American moun- 
tainous districts, the wandering ,n spiritual and Intel 
•ectual darkness and poverty of million o souls ■ 
foreign lands. And then we are going to listen to their 
ry for help, the Macedonian cry, it may be the tear 
Jed eve which expresses this yearning and cry 
help-the great universal radio-we are going to tune 
: n nn if — and listen. 

And then w-e are going to report. No. not to our 
neighbors, not to our churches, but to that messeng 
of God. We are going to report that we are glad or 
our share, for our opportunity in helping to raise the 

tv-five our fifty, and our one-hundred-dollar bills, as 
our committee has asked us to do. We are going to re- 
spond to the messenger of God and in doing our little 
bit we are going to please our Lord. 
McPherson, Kalis. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 25, 1930 

How We May See Jesus 

Synopsis of Sermon 

,is U the will of him that sent me. that 

nth eetl. the Son. and believeth on h.m, may 

even" one wnicn seem mc ~"" ■ , ■ t 

hat-? everlasting life: and I will raise him up a. the last 

day" (John 6:40). 

Through all the centuries men have searched for 
God through the sense of sight; that is "*£ 
ject which would give them the ptcture of what they be 
ieved God to be like. They have searched the universe, 
and hovering found such an Ideal. They have set up 
millions of idols-something which they might see at 
all times. This thought continues to the present day. 

\fter Tesus had led the twelve apostles through three 
years of teaching in which he repeatedly told them that 
he had come to interpret the Father, Philip excised. 
" Show us the Father and that will satisfy us! He 
thus left Tesus out of the picture entirely. 

Now the world, and the church for that matter must 
come to understand that the only way to find God is 
through Jesus Christ; for if we would see what God 
looks like, we must take a look at Jesus. For he who 
hath seen me hath seen the Father," said Jesus to 
Philip So will you kindly go along with me as we 
study a few of the ways in which " we may see Jesus. 
Will you bear with me while I state (parenthetically) a 
general rule for the interpretation of this message? 

There has been only one Interpreter-Jesus. He has 
interpreted God, life, redemption. In John 1 : 18 (Mof- 
fatt's translation) we read: "No man hath seen God 
at any time, but the only begotten Son who is in the 
bosom of the Father he hath interpreted him. He 
who hath seen me, hath seen the Father." 

Dr Jones in his book, Christ at the Round Table, 
tells of a Hindu who said: "Everybody in our city 
knows Mr. ' H ' and Jesus and God." 

If men are going to see Jesus, they must see him 
through us to see God— must see him through Jesus. 
(A) Seeing Jems through experience. 

Certainly no one living in this age shall ever see him 
incarnate, in physical form, but we may see him spir- 
itually or by experience. Shall it be a historic Christ? 
Or, shall it be the Christ of experience? 

Have you tried to see Jesus through an infallible 
church? Or, through an infallible Bible? Or, through 
an infallible Christian consciousness or experience? 

1. Personally, I do not believe the visible church is 
infallible and we may not see Jesus through the church. 

2. I believe the Bible to be the infallible word of 
God, but simply to believe this fact will not show us 
the Christ. 

3. The historic Christ and the Christ of experience 
must come together, that is to say, must witness to the 
same fact. " For the past three hundred years, heaven 
and earth have been searched for or against the historic 
Christ, and now that the smoke has cleared away there 
stands out on the horizon of our thinking a Character, 
essentially as the New Testament depicts him. 
(B) I believe that every saved man or woman has a 

definite mental conception of Christ. 
There is the artists' conception of our Lord as shown 
in religious literature; for instance, his cheerful face 
as shown at the wedding at Cana; or the sympathetic 
and forgiving attitude to the poor fallen woman— also 
shown in the words, "Neither do I condemn you"; 
and then, as he looked from the brow of Olivet on the 
city of Jerusalem which had rejected him as its Savior, 
the Master using the pathetic words, " Ye would not." 
Also I can see him as he blessed the little children. 
These mental conceptions, suggested by the artist, help 
me to see him as I need his help day by day. 

There are those who claim they see God in art, music, 
deserts, mountains, rivers; but they only see God's 
creation. Christ does not live in deserts, mountains, 
art, music; he lives in the human heart. The test of 
light is that it shines. We know Jesus by the light in 
us. The absence of Jesus from the human heart 
means darkness — spiritual darkness. 

(C) Wc know Jesus by his touch. 
' During the World War a boy was brought into ,, ^hos- 
nital badly wounded. Word was sent to his mother 
d 'she came and begged to see him. The doctor ex- 
plained that her son was ta^*-** 
death, that the least excitement would kill him. But a 
the toy was unconscious, and his mother promised not 
speak or make the slightest noise-just to sit by h. 
bed with him, the doctor relented. She was allowed to 
sit there without a word-and she sat by her boy her 
heart all but bursting. His eyes were closed. Like a 
nether she gently put her hand on his brow. Without 
pening hisses' he whispered: "Mother, you have 
come." Her touch was self-evident, he knew it. 

When Jesus places his gentle hand on our fevered 
brows we can say: "My. Savior, you have come. 
Ou spiritual imagination, coupled with the electrify- 
ing touch of the One who is the life, can not be mis- 
taken. , ., 

(D) Seeing Jesus in service to humanity and self- 

fusttetore his betrayal and crucifixion, Jesus made 
that wonderful address to his disciples in which he de- 
picted a scene which would take place when the 
of kings should sit on his throne, and say to the saved 
of all ages: "Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit 
the kingdom, for I was hungry, thirsty, a stranger, ,n 
need of clothes, sick, in prison, and you m.mstered un- 
to me " The astonished saints will exclaim: Lord, 
when did we see you in such conditions as you de- 
scribe?" The answer will be: " Inasmuch as you have 
done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, you 
did it unto me." . 

I believe that there are far too many Christians who 
are depending entirely on observing certain ordinances 
and sacraments for their spiritual development. Itus 
we should do; but, in addition Jesus here shows us 
how we may honor him in sympathetic service to suf- 
fering humanity. So as we have occasions, and they 
are many, we may minister to the hungry, thirsty the 
needy heart-broken, homeless, friendless and even lost, 
and by so doing, we not only follow the fine program 
of the Master himself as he went about doing good; 
but, in a way we may see the Savior of mankind in each 
object of our mercy. 

Standing in the entrance lobby of the great Johns 
Hopkins Hospital is a marble statue of the Christ, with 
this inscription carved on the pedestal: "Come unto 
me all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will 
o-ive you rest." Into whatever door of the hospital one 
may enter he can not escape the face of the Christ, nor 
the meaning of his outstretched hands. No man can 
go into life's hospital to serve, to heal, to lift, without 
coming face to face with the Christ. 

The ultra-modernist in his latest research has ruled 
faith entirely out of the scheme of salvation. I am old- 
fashioned enough to still believe in salvation by grace- 
through faith. 

And so each day the Christian may see Jesus by 
faith, as he lived the perfect life while on earth, and 
also as we think of him on the right hand of the Fa- 
ther. Looking unto Jesus the Author and Finisher of 
our faith we may see him in every experience whether 
on our mountain of exaltation or in passing through the 
valley of the shadow ; for we have his promise, " I will 
be with you to the end." At best, we have seen htm 
through a glass— darkly, " for now we know in part," 
but, then, " we shall see him face to face." The in- 
spiration of my life is that some day I shall see the 
face of him who died that I might live. 
Baltimore, Md. 

Second " We take him on our joy rides on Sunday 
and entertain him with radio instead of gotng to 

"' the minister did not mean to *»«**£" 
of the radio for those not able to go to church, for it is 

boon to many who have been -thout the services of 
the sanctuary, but there is a temptation to take church 
in the easy way by those who should be at church. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

Handmade Gods 


Sometime ago I heard a sermon on "Handmade 
Gods " and I want to pass on a few thoughts from it. 

First, " We are creating God after the devices of our 
own hearts, and instead of following him we are pull- 
ing him after us." 

How true it is, that we often, as it were, go ahead of 
God and need to be pulled back. Something else comes 
first and God is Second. 

The Gist of the Sermon 


Attitudes and Methods of Worship 
There are four different attitudes of worship to- 
ward Jesus in the gospels. The attitude of the Mag. 
was that of sacrifice and obeisance to the new King 
They brought their gifts, and they bowed m recogn. ion 
to his sovereignty. Later, we have many example i of 
people coming to Jesus for help. They prayed to bp 
for healing, and they thanked him for hts services. _Th,s 
is one of the most common attitudes of worship found 
win, reference to Jesus. It is a personal, objective, re- 
gion of need and the response to the blessing received 
But on the morning of the resurrection, Mary Mag 
dalene discovered her Lord, and cried, Rabbom, and 
he answered, "Mary." This worshipful attitude was 
no begging for a gift, no response to a benefaction, it 
was no obeisance as to a king, or ^ sacrifices to a su- 
perior it was an emotional joy of fellowship. One of 
tile finest aspects of worship is fellowship, communion, 
the companionship that dispels the loneliness of life. 

Another attitude is shown when Jesus ascended, and 
they stood gazing after him, and they realized for the 
first time, that worship comes to its fullness only when 
we " worship in spirit and in truth." 

There is a spiritual worship which is best expressed 
by the word meditation. In the cosmic sense, it is the 
appreciation that in him is the true, the good, the beau- 
tiful, the abiding, the life that is the light of men. 

If any one of these attitudes is made the whole of 
worship, to. the exclusion of the others, then the true 
purpose of worship is not accomplished. It will be- 
come formal, superficial, and fruitless. All of these 
attitudes are essential for the complete of 
the spirit of man with the heart of God. 

The usual methods of worship are prayer, music and 
hymns, and the symbols or sacraments of the church. 
To these can be added the ministry of art, the help 
which proper architecture, paintings, and suggesttve 
surroundings add to worship. Further, the lost art of 
meditation, taking time to think, and feel, and reahze, 
and appreciate the character of God, and our relation to 
him Each of these methods of worship can be under- 
stood in the light of the ultimate purposes of. worship. 
Worship is simply, religion in action. It is putting 
ourselves into the mental attitude so that the will of 
God may become active and dominant in our lives. In 
worship the mind must be open, responsive, hungry, 
actively seeking, and submissively receptive, so that il- 
lumination and creativeness are possible. In worship 
we see more, we feel keener, and we will to live more 
truly the purpose of the Father. The purpose of wor- 
ship is harmony, to respond completely to God, who is 
true and right, and loving. Hence, prayer, music, 
hymns the symbols, and meditation, are to be dynamic, 
illuminative, and transforming. It is because God is 
right, and we want to be right also, that we come in the 
spirit of worship, and use the means of worship to re- 
late ourselves rightly to him. 
Long Beach, Calif. 

■ m • 

Bits of Brotherliness 

Do Your BH as a Hero of Peace 

It was at council meeting. The proposition was be- 
ing discussed as to whether the offering plates should 
be passed at each service in connection with the new 
finance system being adopted. It had not been the cus- 
tom. A- brother ventured: " I don't much hke^it, but 
if that's the best for us, I won't say anything." The 
plates are now passing and there is no disharmony. 

Lamed, Kans. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 


Old, Old People 

I think the old, old, wrinkled people 
Are as precious to the loving Lord 
As a dimpled, rosebud baby— 
And as ardently adored. 
I think the old, old, wrinkled people. 
Backs bent, faces marred with many years, 
Invite caresses from the Father— 
Their very frailty endears. 
I think the old, old, wrinkled people 
Are cherished by brooding angel arms, 
While waiting— in the afterglow, 
In sacred scriptural charms. 
I think the old, old, wrinkled people, 
Are guarded by heaven's hovering eyes— 
(More than baby by the mother) 
While waiting for Paradise. 
I think the old, old, wrinkled people, 
With whom heartbreak has left a mark, 
Are cradled in God's softest love 
When they for heaven embark. 

Hesston, Kans. ~^- ■ 

New Lives for Old 

X. Dead Man's Corner 


si &r~ Xr^^T^i as *&i 

Center. Was their work gold or dross? 

When the corner at Hill and Valley Boulevard came 
into view Hale could see an excited group of people 
milling about two wrecks. Meanwhile he had heard the 
siren of an ambulance and knew that there must be 
tragedy at the crossroads. 

Hale parked his car as close as he could for the traf- 
fic jam, and then hurried on, on foot, to see just what 
had happened. And substantially what had happened 
he was soon able to make out. At one side of the 
boulevard a great passenger bus lay on its side, battered 
at the front end by some terrific blow ; the windows 
were completely shattered. On the. other side of the 
boulevard lay Greenbaum's truck crushed against a 
tree. Boxes seemed scattered everywhere. Green- 
baum, limp and bloody, was being taken from beneath 
his truck as Hale came up. It appeared that the bus 
driver, for some unexplained reason, had plunged head 
on into the truck as Greenbaum turned from Hill 
Street to Valley Boulevard. 

Of course, exactly what happened will never be 
known, but the bus driver seemed most at fault. Green- 
baum had just turned onto Valley Boulevard when the 
bus struck his truck a terrific blow. The truck was 
loaded with empty fruit boxes and something of the re- 
sults can readily be pictured. The bus driver was killed 
outright and Greenbaum died on the road to the hos- 
pital. Fortunate it was that the bus was empty. It 
was later learned that the driver was hurrying to Main- 
port to bring home a crowd of Centropolis picnickers. 
If the bus had been loaded at the time of the accident, 
the tragedy would have been one of the first order. 
Even as it was, it cost the lives of two men. Some 
argued that the bus driver must have been under the in- 
fluence of liquor. Others insisted that the city was 
really at fault for delay in erecting stop signs. But all 
the arguments and suggestions offered were not suffi- 
cient to restore two dead men to life. 

The crushed truck and overturned bus, the littered 
and blood-spattered pavement, the dead bus driver and 
the dying Greenbaum, the excited crowd, the bated 
questions and answers, the quick orders of the doctors 
and officers, the shriek of a swooning woman and the 
frightened cry of a child were all sounds and sights 
that did not escape Hale, the trained reporter. 

At the time Hale forgot all else in the task of aiding 
what he could and gathering information for a news 
story. And this he dashed off in the middle of the 
night before he took time to get a few hours' rest. But 
with the facts down as he could gather them, Hale pro- 

posed to leave the preparation of any editorial comment 
to the following day when he would have a clearer 
mind for reflection. But try as he would, he was not 
able to get to sleep. The exciting scene had seemingly 
made such an indelible impression upon his brain that 
it could not be brushed aside. After a restless hour, he 
got up and tried looking through some of the latest 
magazines in an effort to find something that might 
divert his mind and give him the peace desired. 

He picked up a new one, American Builders, began 
glancing through it and finally came to an article en- 
titled • " Circe's Garden." Perhaps here was the diver- 
sion needed, so Hale skimmed along with growing in- 
terest until he came to the paragraph: 

" The tale of how Circe changed strong men into 
swine and kept them in such gross forms on her en- 
chanting isle, is not unlike a process that is dehuman- 
izing virile men today. The high-minded colonists who 
settled America, facing untold hardships for the sake 
of certain principles, are being followed today by sons 
who are concerned only with the lower ends in Me. 
There is a sense in which America has become a vast 
garden under the dominion of Circe. Here strong men 
are obsessed with the transient and sensual when they 
might better break the spell and strive for worthier 
.goals. Americans seek speed rather than satisfaction, 
wealth rather than solid worth, quotas rather than prin- 
ciples Thev are under the spell of a modern Circe, 
and will remain so until some capable hero releases 

' Sidney sat pondering this indictment for some min- 
utes and then broke out: "There is a grain of truth 
in that! Here Rogers and I have made what seemed a 
grand success with our plan to build up the community 
in material ways. But it is not an unmixed blessing_ 
We featured Greenbaum and his experiment as one ot 
our main exhibits. But poor Greenbaum! He suc- 
ceeded but to die in a terrible wreck! Now whose w.1 
all his orchards be? They can help him not a whit. 
And that pet boulevard of ours provided the speedway 
for the bus that brought death. Will our fine material 
conquests fall thus about us? Will they overwhelm 
and destroy us? Is the average successful man but a 
deluded dupe of Circe, content with the means and un- 
able to see the true ends in life? It looks as though 
Rogers and I were just extending the Garden of 

Circe!" , c A 

After some more minutes of more or less confused 
reflection, Sidney remarked aloud: "I wonder who 
wrote this article any way? Well, it seems to be a part 
of the editorial offering! Yes, that's it-and there is a 
kernel here that will answer for my editorial tomorrow 
I think I will call it 'Better Builders. 1 First, I will 
point out how our improvements have contributed 
toward the tragedy at the corner. Greenbaum would be 
alive and happy today if we had left him alone on his 
little ranch. But Rogers and I started him on the way 
to wealth, and on the way his path crossed the boule- 
vard at the fatal hour! And thus the boulevard has 
brought to our quiet little town a whole stream of in- 
fluences, many of them good, but some charged with 
tragedy. It is not enough to plant orchards and seek 
wealth It is not enough to promote great public 
works. Mere building is not an end in itself. It may 
unleash forces or condition circumstances that over- 
whelm'us! Builders must be real builders-they must 

there is nothing so sure to bring mental relaxation, as 
the conviction that all immediate contingencies are 
cared for. 

Elgin, III. 

Deeds of Kindness 

18. An Orphan's Home 

Years ago I spent several days in a quiet locality of 

Tennessee. There I was told of a gruff old man who 

lived on the bank of the river. The neighbors said he 

was an infidel and he seemed to be feared as well as 

dreaded. I chanced to meet him and he made himself 

agreeable, and invited me to visit him in his home. 

"One afternoon I went to his place, partly perhaps 

out of curiosity. He lived in a small, old. unpamted 

house that stood on the high bank of the river, the 

French Broad. At this point the river was very wide, 

and in the middle was a small wooded island, the lower 

point of which was straight out from the house. Here 

there was a rapid in the river and the water rushed 

down over it very swiftly, churning the water to oam 

making it look almost as white as snow. The continual 

roaring sound of the rushing water seemed almost dcaf- 

en The man welcomed me. and after calling my atten- 
tion to the beauty of the river, took me into the house. 
In a comfortable little sitting room he introduced me 
to an old woman as his wife, and to a young woman as 
daughter. Both women spoke in a way to make a 
stranger feel at home. In a little while my attention 
was called to something down on the river, and when 
I turned back the young woman had disappeared. I 
had heard no sound and her vanishing seemed mys- 
terious. The old lady excused herself and went out to 

Pre T P hTold P m e an invited me to go with him out doors as 
there was something he wanted to show me. When we 
were away from the house he explained that the young 
woman he introduced as daughter was not their child, 
but they always looked on her as a daughter, and intro- 
duced her as such to strangers. 

He said when she was a small child her parents both 
took sick and died. The child had long been , sick and 
even then her lower limbs were useless^ . There were 
no relatives to take the child, and none of the neighbors 
wanted her because of her affliction. Out of pity he 
and his wife took her into their home until other ar- 
rangements could be made. They soon became at- 
tached to the little invalid, and as no one else wanted 
her she was'stiU with them. They could not send her 
to school, and though neither he nor his wife had much 
education, they taught her what they could, and he 
girl had gotten to be fond of reading, and was fairly 
well informed. . . . 

He said the only way she could move from place to 
place was to drop on the floor and move herself with 
her arms, and that she could do this quietly and quick- 
ly, and always tried to move when no one saw hen 
For this reason he had called my attention to somethmg 
out of doors as she wanted to go into the kitchen. He 
explained that her hands and arms were strong and she 
helped with all the housework. She was so unselfish 
so thoughtful for every one around, so anxious at all 
mes to make the tasks of others lighter that she had 

times LU man... ""- - _ - . U nrrl p Of 

^us! Builders must be real builders-they must proved he„,f . ^at treasury in ^ ^ ^ 
»£ZZ^»X^SZ£" £E"£ always wanted to be sure e, 

do for" the editorial comment— a squib on 'Better 

Builders.' " , . . ■ 

In the glow of a generous mood Hale turned to his 
tvpewriter and dashed off a hasty note : 

"Dear Editor of American Builders: In the^small 
hours of the night, as I sat thinking over a tragedy 
which came to our community, one for which I feel my- 
self partly to blame, I chanced to pick up and read 
your editorial on ^Circe's Garden.' It gave me an tdea 
for which I wish to thank you." 

With these matters attended to, Hale found his men- 
tal tension somewhat relieved. There was still some 
of the night left and he lay down so6n to sleep the sleep 
of one exhausted. 

For Hale was of the conscientious type, and for such 


At the table she seemed like a normal, mtel hgent, 
fine young woman, and talked well about the books she 
h d been rending when a little effort was made to draw 
her out. She seemed to be the joy and the blessing of 
that home, and appeared happy and contented W.h 
sadness I thought of the coming years when he old 
people who had given her love and home would be 

there no more. . . 

Breakfast was not late the next morning, but they 
had fine fresh fish on the table. The old man was a 
great fisher and he had gone on the river and caught 
some for breakfast. Perhaps he was an mfidel, but he 
was kind to a helpless, crippled orphan. 

Chico, Calif. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 


Calendar for Sunday, January 26 

Kingdom.— Matt. 


Sund.v-,chool Le..o». Standards of th 
^.tian Worker,' «-U,, Sabbath Observance 
2:2i - 3 - 6 - ♦ * * * 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptized in the Eaton church, Ohio. 
Three baptized in the Bethany church. Ind. 
On. baptized in the Quemahoning church, Pa. 
Five baptized in the First church, Los Angeles. 
Seven baptized in the Santa Ana church, Cahf. 
Five baptized in the North Liberty church. Ind. 
Three baptized in the Firs, church, Wichita. Kans. 
TV.-* baptized in the First church, Roanoke, Va 
Thre e baptized in the Wenatchee Valley church. Wash, 
Eight baptized in the Markle church, Ind., Bro. I. K. 
Been-, pastor-evangelist. 

Three baptized in the White Cottage church, Oh.o. Bro. 
Weber, pastor-evangelist. 

Five added to the Portland church, Ore., Bro. Francs H. 
Barr of Albany, assisting. 

Four added to the Waynesboro church, Va., Bro. C M. 
Driver of Oakton, Va., evangelist. 

Nine received into the Midway church, Pa.. Bro. B. U 
Stauffer of Manheim. Pa., evangelist. 

Five confessions at Wakarusa, Ind.. Bro. Ralph G. 
of North Mahchester. Ind., evangelist. 

Four baptized in the Blissville church, Ind, Bro. J. L. 
Guthrie of Lafayette, Ohio, evangelist. 

Eleven confessions in the East Fairview church. Pa„ Bro. 
F S. Carper of Palmyra, Pa., evangelist. 

Two baptized in the New Hope church, Tenn., Bro. A. M. 
Laughrun of Jonesboro, Tenn.. evangelist. 

Two baptized in the West Eel River church. Ind., Bro. 
G. S. Strausbaugh of Columbiana, Oh.o, evangelist. 

Five baptized and five reclaimed in the Beaver Creek 
church. Ohio, -Bro. J. F. Burton of Trotwood, Oh.o, evan- 

Seven received into the Lexington house, West Cones- 
toga congregation. Pa.. Bro. B: W. S. Ebersole of Hershey, 
Pa., evangelist. 

+ * * * 

Our Evangelists 

Will 701 

burden which these laborer, carry? Will you 
pray for the success oi these meetings? 

Bro. Ralph G. Rarick of North Manchester, Ind., began 
Jan. 19 at Decatur, III. 

Bro. Rufu. D. Bowman of Elgin, III, to begin March 20 
in the West Dayton church, Ohio. 

* -r * * 

Personal Mention 
Bro. L. E. Buzard of Knoxville, Iowa, kept a record of the 
number of deaths and baptisms reported in the Messenger 

Here are his figures: deaths, 

during the year 1929 
baptisms, 8.102. 

Bro. Lino H. Niei, 938 Elm St., Reading, Pa, wishes to 
secure old German song books with notes. If you have any 
in your possession which you would be willing to part with, 
please notify him. 

Bro. Minor M. Myer. says they would not want to be 
without the Messenger anywhere and "much less out here." 
" Here " is Taiyuan, Shansi, China. You will be interested 
in his report on China conditions to appear soon. 

To Bro. Ira H. Franti of Fruita. Colo, and children, the 
svmpathies of Messenger readers will go out in their 
bereavement. Sister Frantz. following a brief illness with 
uremic poisoning, passed into the great beyond Tuesday 
evening, Jan. 14. Formerly active in college and pastoral 
work Bro. Frantz is now editor and publisher of The Fruita 
Times, and a too infrequent contributor to the Gospel 

Si.ter Julia A- Gilbert of the Brethren Home, Greenville, 
Ohio, can not write personal letters to ail who remembered 
her during the Christmas season with cards of greeting 
and in other substantial ways, but she wants them all to 
know that she greatly appreciated their thoughtfulness and 
kindness. It happens that on this coming Monday the 
twenty-seventh, if the Lord so will, she will pass the eighty- 
sixth milestone of her life's journey. 

Bro. J. K. Miller of Cedar Rapids. Iowa, layman mem- 
ber of the General Mission Board, add Treasurer Clyde M. 
Culp were out on Board business last week in Iowa and 
unexpectedly came in contact with a devoted sister and her 
husband who joined with his good wife in conveying her 
homestead" of rich Iowa land to the Board. It is said to 
have a market value of $12,000. Eventually the money 
will he used in India, China and Africa. 

Miscellaneous Items 

„f the Wenatchee Valley church, 
The morning of the wenarcne j 

Bro W Earl Breon, pastor, are now broadcas over bta 
tlnKPQ Wenatchee, Washington. The hour ,s eleven to 
twelve, Pacific Time. 

To .11 our lay... the Executive Secretary of Mens 
Work writes: "We may never again be con front. w, * 
such a chance to demonstrate our church oya Ity. For dc 
tails of what Bro. W. J. Werkman has to say, see Mens 
Work article on page 52. 

"I j-., told one of my neighbors yesterday what a joy 
the Messenger and Visitor bring me all along the way. 
- Have vou told any of your neighbors about this? Do you 
"oppose this good woman's joy was deepened any -by t he 
lac" that on, of her scanty earnings she enclosed five do.- 
lars for the deficit? 

The Camp Conference Number of The District Hera d- 
Johnstown, Pa, W. J. Hamilton. Editor and Manage - 
ells about not only its own Camp Harmony but many oth 
rs- you'd be surprised how many. We notice also an an- 
nouncement of a Brethren Youth Congress a. : John, own, 
Aug 8 at which one thousand young people are wanted. 
' A much error occurred in the printing of the 
Bible text fcr the Sunday-school lesson of Jan. 9 , the 
Advanced Quarterly. The last line of verse 21 should read 
"mending their nets: and he called them." Somewhere ,n 
the printfng process the last line of verse 24 was duplicated 
and substituted for this line in verse 2, This took place ,n 
spite of all the customary safeguards of proof readmg and 
editorial care. 

The pa.tor of one of our growing churches sends us 
his entire membership list, requesting that a copy of the 
Messenger be sent into each home for the year and that 
a bill be rendered to the church treasurer for the amount 
Here is his reason for so doing: "The Messenger is such 
a fine, silent teacher of loyalty, devotion and that 
we cannot afford to have our men.bersh.p without the 
church paper." 

" Wh, not .end Gi.h Book, on .pprov.l," is the question 
raised, by one minister, "and if not wanted let them be re- 
turned?" This is the rule with some Book Clubs, but those 
clubs may charge full price plus postage, which makes it a 
matter of profit to them. There is no financial profit in 
handling the Books, but an actual loss on every book 
sold. Consequently the simplest form of handling is the 
best for our ministers. 

The 1930 Yearbook for our church is the official church 
directory of all the Boards, and locates each congregation 
stating the number of members, elder and pastor. Here 
vou find what the several church Boards are and 
'come in touch with' our denominational activities. The 
price of the Yearbook is 15c, but all regular Messenger 
subscribers are entitled to one copy free. This is made pos- 
sible by the cooperating Boards. 

An extra $100 for mi..ion.. The secretary of the Brook- 
ville Sunday-school. Southern Ohio, sends a check for 
$100, and says : " Our Christmas offering was sent to you, 
and after talking it over, the Sunday-school felt as though 
we wanted to do a little more to help assure success in 
paying off the deficit. Herewith is our check for $100.' 
It is this " plus " spirit which is counting, and will be nec- 
essary from many schools if success is to be realized. 

The comer .ton. laying of the La Verne Church of the 
Brethren will take place Feb. 2, 2:30 P. M. Eld. J. B. Em- 
mert will preside. The main address will be by Galen K. 
Walker, pastor. Offering for the new building, directed by 
Harrison A. Frantz. Presentation of the box for the corner 
stone by E. R. Blickenstaff ; contents of the corner stone 
box, A. J. Beckner; laying of the corner stone, Brethren 
Emmert and Walker. Benediction, Rufus Bowman.— Edgar 
Rothrock, Pomona, Call 

Special Notices 

When writing for the Mc.enger, those who USe a type-' 
writer will have the thanks of several people if they double 
space the matter and leave generous margins. Occasionally 
single spaced matter is allowed to go through without copy- 
ing. But when it does, we know it has been hard on the _ 
editor's eyes, involved extra work for the one who pre- 
pared the manuscript for the machines, and will be difficult 
for the linotype operator and certainly not appreciated 
by every copy reader who has anything to do with it. 
And while we are on this question of how to use a type- 
writer when writing for the Messenger, it is quite in place 
to say a word about ribbons. We have found from ex- 
perience that typewriter ribbons do wear out. If there is 
anything more exasperating to printers than single spaced 
copy, it is that written on a typewriter with a worn-out 
ribborf: Such copy may be acceptable for those who dote 
on cross word puzzles, but it gets no blessing from cither 
editors or printers. Not so long ago a bunch of District 
Meeting minutes came into the House with this trustful 
notation: "You will know how to fix this up." Of course, 
it was fixed up; but at considerable effort. It had to be, 
before it could be set up. However, our printers would 
appreciate less faith and more work on the part of some 
who send in copy. And that is because every misspelled 
word must be corrected, every doubtful figure verified if 
possible, every name checked by lists we may have. Print- 
ing calls for the utmost care and for_exactncss. 

To All State Di.tric. Tr.a.urer,: As there are already 
arnPleTunds in .he hands of the Treasurer there will be no 
assessment made for Annual Meeting expenses for 1930.- 
E J Stauffer, Annual Meeting Treasurer. 

Notice to the Churches, Elders, Pastors and Committees 
of Northwestern Ohio: The District Conference of North- 
western Ohio will be held March 18, .9 and 20 ,n the Eagle 
Creek church near Williamstown, Ohio. Elders Meeting 
wu, convene Tuesday, March .8, a. 1 P. If. . The program 
for Tuesday evening and Wednesday morning will be in 
charge of the District Mission Board; the afternoon and 
evening program will be in charge of the Board of Chr.s- 
ia Education, District Aid Society and Laymen's Organ, 
zation. Committees will please take note and plan program 
accordingly.-Jay Hornish, Secretary, Defiance, Oh.o. 

^ T T T 

Meeting the Mission Challenge 

In order to establish a method of reporting progress in 
the raising of mission funds Districts will be reported each 
week in the Messenger according to the following groups: 
I Di.tricl. th.t h.v. reached an mere... over U.t y«*r. 
As'soon as the giving of any District exceeds its last jreM. 
record of contributions to the Conference budge, t will be 
reported in this group. Last week six Districts wh ch 
gave more in ten months than in the twelve months of he 
Preceding year, were reported, viz, Middle owa, North- 
western Kansas, Second West Virginia, North and South 
Carolina, Tennessee and Northern Missouri. 

Now we are able for the ten months and fourteen days 
of the year to report eight additional Districts in this 
group: Northern and Southern Indiana. Northeastern Ohio, 
Nebraska, Washington, First West Virginia, Eastern Colo- 
rado and Western Colorado. 

II In the second group are DUtrict. that have increa.ed 
over their pr.viou, five-year average. Some D.str.c.s which 
gave very well last year may have difficulty getting into the 
first group. This .classification gives an opportunity to in- 
dicate their progress. Districts that get into group I be- 
cause their previous year was low will have to show a real 
interest to get into this class. Seven Districts are now 
ready to take their place here: Washington, Western Colo- 
rado' Second West Virginia, Middle Iowa, Northwestern 
Kansas, North and South Carolina, and Oklahoma, Pan- 
handle of Texas and New Mexico. 

Ill The third group will be Di.tricl. that have exceeded 
their 1... ,..r'. record by 15 per cent. If the mathematical 
share of increase to meet the Mission Challenge from each 
District were calculated it would be 15 per cent. If the 
challenge is to be met some Districts will have to exceed 
this figure. The strong must always bear burdens others 
are not able to bear. It seems fitting to give recognition to 
those who are going beyond their exact share. Watch this 
class next week. Will your District be first? 

The first fourteen days of January brought $21,475. The 
full month of January, 1929. brought $22,916. Inasmuch as 
the receipts during the remainder of January are expected 
to be good, a worth-while gain will be made m th.s month. 
Bro H C Early writes from Mapleville, Md, and says 
for the encouragement of the cause : " So far as I know 
and can hear of the interests of others it looks as if the 
churches in this section will do their full share to meet the 
challenge." s 

A brother and his wife in Northeastern Ohio wrote saying 
that we should write his pastor that a member had in- 
formed the General Mission Board that he would match 
dollar for dollar any amount his congregation would give 
to the Mission Deficit, up to $500. 

In a Northern Illinois congregation the missionary com- 
mittee and finance committee met. took counsel of what 
should be done, and decided that the need should be laid 
personally before various individuals in the church. Of the 
first seven individuals seen, one pledged $150, two pledged 
$100 each, two pledged $20 each, one pledged $10, and an- 
other felt he was not in a position to take part. 

* * * * 
Book Review 

The Mowing book review was prepared by J. E Miller, Literary 
Editor lor the Brethren Publishing House. Any book reviewed In 
n,e, column., and »»y other, you wish to order, may be purch.sed 
through the Brethren Publishing House- Elgin, 111.— Ed. 

Mu.t We Have War? By Fred B. Smith. 318 pages. 

The Foreword to Must We Haye War is written by 
Owen D. Young. American financier, conspicuous among 
other things for his part in the reparations settlement. The 
first paragraph of his Foreword reads : " It requires an ef- 
fort to make a friend. How simple this statement is, and 
yet how important it would be to the world if it were ap- 
plied in certain great places. It requires initiative to make 
a friend. It requires a friendly spirit." His closing para- 
graph is: "I -heartily commend this movement of the 
churches in the international field for the promotion of the 
welfare of the world." 

As chairman of the Executive Committee of the World 

Alliance for International Friendship Mr. Smith has had an 

(Continued on Opposite Page) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 




The French Are Hoarding Gold 
man woman, and child-now theoretically may boast 

:r;; s cssi,:; $«. ™ .he va„„ s . f *. B a„u -^ 

£ enc h records place the United States second, with $37.50 

[or each of its citizens." 

A Briti.h Library in New York City 
In 1920 the British Library of Information was located 
:„ New York City. Naturally its purpose ,s the dissemi- 
nation of facts concerning the far-flung empire. "London 
, long been a chief center of learning because of the 
s n e there of the British Museum which, with addi- 
„ ,al features, embodies what the Library of Congress at 
Washington is. Now that the British Library of Informa^ 
to is operating in New York, American students can find 
"great store of material not earlier available here m or- 

ganized form." 

Dry News From Canada 
An item from Ottawa, Canada, would seem to indicate 
that the wets in the United States may experience further 
difficult, in getting their supplies. Here it is: Convinced 
™f the Canadian government's intention at the impending 
session of parliament to prohibit the exportation of liquor 
to" the United States, rum runners are building up huge 
liqU or stores in the French islands of St Pierre and 
Miequelon, in the St. Lawrence Gulf. From these strategic 
points, over which Canada has no jurisdiction, they will 
continue to bombard the United States border booze. 

Free Dental Advice 

Ten thousand dentists gathered in Chicago a few days 
ago in their annual meeting. Many of them listened to 
information that should be passed along to the public. For 
, sample, the professor of pathology at the University of 
Chicago said: "My experiments indicate that *he diets of 
approximately seventy per cent of the people are deficient 
in vitamin C. This causes pyorrhea and tooth decay 
Wealthy people are not immune to this condition, which 
may be arrested in an eight months' period with the proper 
diet." The corrective diet we .understand consists mainly 
of fruit, eggs and fresh vegetables. 

A Ten-Day Prayer Meeting 

\ ten-day Pentecostal prayer meeting was held in York, 
Pa., from Jan. 1 to 10. As held in this Pennsylvania city 
all the churches cooperated, with the meetings in one cen- 
trally located church. Hourly devotional meeting began 
at ten A M. and continued throughout the day, the last 
service being at seven P. M. Thus each day for ten days 
there were ten devotional meetings. Each hour's service 
was in charge of one of the pastors of the city; the pastor 
of the Church of the Brethren in the city— Bro. M. A. 
Jacobs-had charge of two of these meetings. We under- 
stand that the meetings were well attended. 

Will the Gyp»y Settle Down? 

Will the wandering gypsy settle down if he is given 
favorable conditions? It is said that many of the wander- 
ing gypsy tribes have changed their habits and become 
established, reliable citizens. Banking on this fact, the 
French are getting ready to see what they can do to estab- 
lish the wandering gypsy tribes of Syria in a sedentary 
type of life. -The gypsies of Syria are offered land 
to till and houses in which to live. Will the gypsy settle 
down? Well, we are sure that many of them will— some 
because they want to and others because they have to. 
However, that is not saying that they will completely for- 
get the old care free type of life. How could they, when 
most people are occasionally subject to an attack of gypsy 
fever ? 

Famine in China 

Somewhat conflicting reports of the famine situation in 
northwestern China have appeared in the newspapers. But 
upon one thing they all agree— the terrible conditions which 
exist in the provinces of Shensi and Kansu. These two 
provinces lie west of Shansi, and with crop conditions never 
any too certain, war, banditry and unusual cold have added 
to suffering that we can not describe in words. For how 
can mere words picture what has come to people who sell 
their children for food and resort to cannibalism to prolong 
1 miserable existence? How can words describe conditions 
where people are dying faster than the living can bury 
them? One traveler returning from Shensi reports that 
of the 6,000,000 people in this district some 2,000,000 have 
died and that another 2,000,000 will die before relief can 
come. Perhaps these figures are exaggerated, but in any 
case the situation is beyond the power of words to paint. 
When reading of such conditions one can the better ap- 
preciate the advantage of roads, organized government, and 
the spirit of goodwill. 

Heart Disease 
The speed of living has reduced life expectancy after 
middle age by one year. If this statement is newt it. > any 
of our readers let them remember that the lengthening of 
the average span of life is due to the fact that the death 
rates for infants and children are lower. The <****£ 
is the man and woman of middle age who are not living 
quite as long as they once did because they are living so 
much faster. The seriousness of the situation may be 
gathered from the following statement "edited to Ur 
Morris Fishbein, editor of the Journal of the American 
Medical Association. He says that "on any _s.ngle day 
2,000.000 people in the United States are suffering from 
hear! disease, and the care of sufferers costs this country 

at least $100,000,000 a yean" 

The Reign of King Cotton 
The reign of King Cotton is tending to pass in the 
southern states. That is, the world's production , o cotton 
outside the United States is gaining in volume faster ^than 
the domestic crop, and is now roughly equal to what a 
produced in the South. Further, new are gaining 
a foothold in the southern states and these will tend to 
prevent cotton expansion. However, there is nothing to 
be alarmed about in this, for on both points thVe is some- 
thing to be grateful for. The development of cotton pro 
duing areas outside the United States will help to stabilize 
production because the whole crop will not be subicc t to 
the conditions prevailing in one production area Finally 
i, is a good thing for the South to think in terms of 
more than one great crop. The South ,s a reg, on ^ 
tremendous possibilities in other agricultural lines. And 
!„ the lon-g rl Sout hern farmers will g ain as they diversify. 

Changes in the Near East 
The Near East has changed much in the las. °«*de but 
seemingly greater changes are impending. Says Dr James 
L Barton: "The situation in the Near East today is 
epochal. A new generation of leaders is rising up which 
has never been guided by and which does not taoyto 
age-long traditions that hitherto have prevented social, 
Sand religious progress. Many of them a« — 
educated in modern methods of agriculture and industry 
and in the use of modern tools. While they are of the 
Eat. and produced by .he East, in their thinking and m 
their outlook they are Western and progressive. . Mos of 
these new leaders are the products of American ph.lan 
ft ropy through education and relief which has been so 
generously poured into these Bible Lands since the war 
Perhaps it Luld be added .ha. .he rise of a native leader 
shin trained in western ways of thought will certainly make 
^tern and especially American leadership, the more 
sought after in the years immediately ahead. 


Snmcstlon. lor the Weekly Devotional Meettne Or I« 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 


Luke 2: 49 

For Week Beginning February 2 

If we sought for God with the same diligence that we 
give to far less important matters, he would be a far more 
present and powerful factor in our lives (1 Chron. U: 1*). 

Take the work you do not like, do it with diligence and 
you will find to your surprise that the unpleasant task has 
become a joy (Deut. 11: 14; 2 Cor. 8: 7). 

We are responsible for the things upon which our minds 
dwell When our minds wander, as we say, they are usually 
fixed upon the things that are dearest to us. Set your 
affections upon things above (Prov. 4: 23). 

When we work from compulsion we arc weak. When 
we work diligently and joyfully we arc strong. Diligence 
increases strength (Neh. 4:6). 

The one for whom we work is all wise and good. The 
enemy is vigilant. The work is great. The time IS short. 
There is no excuse for idleness and indolence (Gal. 6. », 
1 Cor. 15: 58; Ex. 15: 26; Heb. 6: 11). 

Many people suffer and labor more to escape their tasks 
than ivoufd be required to do them. The way of hones, 
labor is easy. The way of idleness ,s laborious (Ma... 11 . 



Is idleness a sin? Why? 
Why is it right to work? 
How does diligence lighten our work? 

The New Freedom for Women 

The new freedom for women is not without its draw- 
back , according to Miss Agnes L Peterson assista 
director of the women's bureau of the United States de 

Ployed women are at a great disadvantage either because 

Iron, about 60,000 women, according to Mist ' :„ ' 6°" 
showed that more than half turned all their earnings over 
to The family In another investigation covering four 

sole bread winners, in a siuuy u. family 

was also found that one in five Were caring for a family 
without help from m ale relatives. 

Rejecting the Best Citjzens 
How the forefathers who came to America that they 

the = cn ™"T C| . Mac i„, sh, Dw'.ght Professor of 

t"X afYatunivertity, whose application was denie 
. L. court because he would not promise „ b 

^Margaret fpQ^fiS+jZ, can 

rt£E£tt£5Z rBretnrcn. How 
on "practice of .hose who give prom, 
tb;^ = --nTa^.^ 



Import Trade Record Broken 
American import trade for the first nine months of: 1929 
was the largest for any similar period in the history of. 
*. country The "United States bought more raw milk, 
ugar, furs, newsprint paper, coffee, tin, wool, wood pulp 
diamonds, raw cotton, gasoline, flaxseed, meats, lumber 
numerous other products than in the same : nenod a 
year ago, which also was a time of exceptional import 

trade," *"*"" 

Book Review 

(Continued From Opposite Page) 
nnusual opportunity to study international goodwiH «££ 

ruinating years of the greatest revolution in ah » 
Ononis, and social -, -en they .ise^ong states. 
;em P rates° r no ra b"odshed. no violence to life o. property. I. 

-^t-r^t=-::suprl:U among 

all the revolutions of "'f '-^' t , reati£s , efforts 

The author reviews the diffcren pacts, ■ 

J/organ-tions that have come £« f ° %£, 
vation of goodwill and for the >*m,nat.on o ^w 
i^^-^"^ ,e leading 
nations are discussing the naval situation. ^ 

He holds that if wars persist h day , s , : m _g ^ 
middle aged and old men will inve ntion 

young men will be kept a, _home. Seen e .^.^ 

have so changed warfare that it a « haj 

courage and long marches that lea .0 c.o y 

made the ^~^^J£ZZZ* law passed 
says: "I should like to see war 

which would make it , leg .1. " thE ^ or perm it,ed to 
,„ any man under thirty to ■*££* ■ another war , by 
enter the field of service, "there.. » on]y 

all the laws of progress with which we a e „ 

men from forty to sixty ought to be e ac t.v P ^ ^ 
The author stresses the importance £ e B ^ 

,„g a better -°erstand,„g among th nat™. ^ ^ ^ 
that the Cheches have no, only an pp ^ 

ga.ion a. this critical time WBUe ^ ^ bUnd 

ments set in motion for the abolition o ing for 

,o the fact that everywhere ^'"^JJ, a „d that 
peace, but for war, whatever «J«to t o{ ^ 

»n. ssrsi wWt -* - — - 

not along the paths of war. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 

Worship in the Worship Program 

(Continued From Page 51) 

ta0W the kind of music to be used in a worship service 
and how to interpret this music in egression and em- 
ptosis in order to develop worshipful attitudes. The 
worshipful manner and bearing of these musicians are 
essential qualities. Sacred music must be sung ma 
sacred manner. The choice of hymns is another very 
toporfcnt feature. The pastor should plan the worship 
Ten-ice and the hymns should be chosen in consultation 
with the music director. A well planned worship pro- 
oram will do much toward creating a worshipful spirit. 
" A sixth factor in creating an attitude of reverence , 
the church architecture. The architecture should be of 
fuel, a nature as to bespeak the very purpose for wh ch 
it is built Art expresses the asp.rations of the Chris- 
tian religion. The Church of the Brethren has not 
rSized die amount that art contributes to the worship 
o?God. Our future churches should be built such 
beauty as to lift the souls of men to God. 

Elgin, HI ~e~ 

The Vine and the Branches 

The Vine 

Palestine, the Land of Promise, was a land of 
vineyards. Especially was the province of Judea, with 
its temperate climate and .elevated, rocky slopes, ad- 
mirably adapted to the culture of the vme. When the 
Jews were under the Maccabees, the vine was adopted 
as a national emblem and stamped upon their coins. 

The vine can be raised in many different lands and 
climates. In Hampton Court, London, stands what is 
considered one of the largest grape vines in the world. 
It is known to be more than one hundred and thirty 
years old, and its roots are believed to extend under 
the Thames, although fully four hundred yards away. 
It produces annually 3,000 bunches of grapes, of which 
only about 1,200 are allowed to remain, in order to 
have better fruit and- to conserve the strength of the 

The Setting 

After the observance of the ordinances of the last 
night with his disciples, the Master spoke to them many 
things which he felt impressed to communicate to them 
before he was taken from them. The fourteenth chap- 
ter closes with the words: "Arise, let us go hence." 
Then follows the allegory of "The Vine and the 
Branches," considered by many as the climax of the 
Master's teaching. There is a difference of opinion as 
to where the story was spoken: whether seeing the re- 
luctance of the disciples to leave the quiet of the upper 
room and the possibility of being further instructed, he 
may have yielded to their inclinations and delivered the 
discourse before actually leaving the place; or whether 
it was on the way to the garden, or in the garden itself, 
is a matter of discussion. Also, what prompted the Mas- 
ter to use the figure selected is not clear. They had but 
lately partaken of the fruit of the vine and had been im- 
pressed with the importance of partaking if they would 
have life. Was a vine trained along the outside of the 
window at the upper room? Was he reminded of it 
by seeing the magnificent carved vine at the temple 
gate? Was it, as they passed by the entrance of the 
garden, that he saw that which under his touch be- 
came an object lesson for all the Christians of all the 
centuries? We do not know. 

The Figure 

The Vine Chapter, John 15, teaches three distinct 
things — union, communion, disunion. The divisions 
are these: vs. 1-11, Jesus and the Believer; vs. 12-17, 
Relation of Believers to Each Other; vs. 18-27, The 
Attitude Between Believers and the World. The figure 
is used to teach a strong, vital, spiritual union between 
Jesus and the disciples, for no mere tied-on connection 
would serve to represent this relation. The confidence 
of the child, the loyalty of the soldier, the adherence of 
the disciple, each in turn fails to teach fully the vital 
relationship pictured in the vine and the branches. 

The Object 

Jesus states in the eleventh verse the purpose of this 
teaching : " These things have I spoken unto you, that 

my joy might remain in you, and that your joy may be 
Ml" He aims at the perfection of joy m the hearts of 

* j: y t°not Ve depTndent upon outward circumstances 
f0 lost of the' words Jesus spoke about joy^er 
spoken in the night before his crucifixion Son* one 
has given this spelling for the word ,oy 1 for Jesus 
Y for you, and nothing (0) between. Joy is impos 
sMe i/onl'y one circumstance, that is when a hindra 
comes between us and God. "Your iniquities say 
the prophet, "have separated between you and your 
God" (Isa. 59:2). 


One of the conditions of fruit bearing is abiding in 
the vine " As the branch can not bear fruit of itself, 
except it abide in the vine, no more can ye, except ye 
abide in me." To abide means, " to continue in a place 
condition or state." Jesus says, " I am the true vine 
(v 1); "without me ye can do nothing (Y. 5). me 

rue believer will be content to be a branch ; he W.U no 
stand isolated, neither will he grow from a private root 
of his own. . _ .. 

One of the logical results of abiding in Jesus as the 
true Vine is that his word will dwell in our hearts, not 

for selfish satisfaction but for obedience to the same. 

« If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye 

shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you 

'"when we are in vital connection with Jesus, we will 
meet our reverses in full assurance of his help. A man 
who formerly had been quite wealthy, lost all his money 
in one great blow as the result of the war. The wheel 
of fortune took a sudden turn, and he was left in strait- 
ened circumstances. His testimony at the prayer meet- 
ing was something like this: " Thank God I had had 
Jesus in everything; and now I have everything in 


Unless the husbandman prune, and prune severely, 
the fruit will be unsatisfactory both in quantity and in 
quality. In grape growing countries it a common 
scene to see acres and acres of grape vines together. In 
the fall or early spring the work of pruning must be 
done Wagonloads of vines must be removed after the 
pruning is finished. In fact, the wise husbandman will 
cut away more than half the vine. "But," says the 
owner of the vineyard, " if this were not scrupulously 
observed, we would have few grapes this year and less 
next year: 11 

The best fruits of the Christian life come as the re- 
sult of sorrow. " Now no chastening for the present 
seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless after- 
ward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness 
unto them which are exercised thereby" ( Heb _J 2: 
11) The children of God are represented as ' Chil- 
dren then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with 
Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may 
be also glorified together" (Rom. 8:17). "For I 
reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not 
worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be 
revealed in us " (Rom. 8: 18). " Whom the Lord lov- 
eth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he 
receive*" (Heb. 12:6). 


The prime consideration in planting a vine is fruit. 
That is the reason for planting the vine, and every ef- 
fort spent on the vine is to that end. The wood is prac- 
tically worthless. 

Analyzed, we may say that the fruit consists of the 
spiritual experiences of the Christian, the Christian 
graces, and souls saved. 

The great word of our day is efficiency in service. It 
is mentioned in business. It is the keynote in politics. 
In religion there is such a reaction from theoretical 
dogmatism that to many religion is synonymous with 
doing. The church issues her call to service, but often 
neglects the call to discipleship. Jesus was careful 
about the order of it all when he said: " Follow me, 
and I will make you fishers of men." It is by follow- 
ing him that we best serve mankind. " It is possible," 
says another, " for us to answer a call to service, and 
miss discipleship, but if we follow him in spirit and in 
truth the service is assured. For discipleship includes 

right living and right thinking, service and belief, 

W °Ne S ve a r 1n fa the''nistory of the Christian church have 
there been more plans and programs for the salvation 
f the human race. Every part and detail is organized 
voluminous reports are returned by ^ eojm-W. J* 
that committee. But unless vitalized by the in pellng 
motive which prompts the disciples of Jesus, all is but 

"^thll.te'fruitfu. vine will not be exalted but will 
live a joyful humility. Fruitful branches bend Jow 

•■ But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long- 
suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, 
temperance : against such there is no law (Gal. 5 . U, 

Lebanon, Pa. 



The Elizabethtown congregation is braisin g the F after 
for the spirit of giving Kindled in the hearts o f th >M 
Sunday-school workers during the recent Chnsttnas season 
For several years past, the local missionary committee of 
fhis congregation has recommended to the Sunday-«hpo 

.„« ■ ChriS '- 8 m ™Srwas°S IsTes depart 
Christmas program. W* was ° . ,„,» 

meats, and the Aid Society in this way in 1928. 

It was not by mere chance that the offering at Christmas 
time 1929, far exceeded the one o. 1928. This overflow of 
g£ing and of praise grew out of timely praying, pinning 
and provoking one another to love and good works .The 
oca. missionary committee had me, and togc her face he 
problem of getting before the Sunday-school th e p es sing 
challenge for increased missionary giving. Accord ngl they 
decided to recommend on Sunday morning, Dec 1 that the 
various classes and departments try to increase their Chm 
mas missionary offering over that of past years Each clas 
and department was asked to use its own me ho so ac 
complishing this and to begin plans at once The *<«*"* 
of the committee ordered from the General Mtsston Board 
individual missionary envelopes for the children and work 
ers in the Beginners, Primary, and Junior Departments. 
Larger attractive class envelopes were prepared for the 
other classes. The department heads, teachers, and or- 
ganized class officers cooperated. 

At the Sunday-school Christmas program on the eve- 
ning of Christmas Day $1,046 was brought forward in en- 
velopes and dropped into the improvised manger on the 
I tform Several Intermediate boys first recited appro- 
ve blessings upon those who give. I. was an impressive 
scene to see the little folks file by the manger and d op 
heir white envelopes. Then a representative from each 
class of older pupils went forward to drop the arger class 
envelope The Alexander Mack Men's Bible Class offered 
the largest group contribution-$225. 

One of the organized young women s classes, the Berean 
Bible Class, has its individual members use thank 
offering Tox« a. home during the year. On. any occasion 
of gamude for some blessing, the Berean may drop mto 
this box whatever she feels impelled to offer •**.*». 
Some also drop into the box a slip of paper stating the 
Messing acknowledged with each gift A, tta Nmmte 
class meeting each brings her box; they are emptied and 
the contents consecrated by prayer, without anyone know- 
ng how much anyone else gave or what the total amoun 
" In this way the class has money to use in Christmas 
giving and has it in good time. If the class so desires, they 
add to this fund in December, but usually they surprise 
themselves with the amounts they find have been given. 
The thank offering plan is a method well suited for 
increasing the spirit of appreciation and the desire to ac- 
knowledge the b.essings received. This plan is used yeariy 
in addition to the regular Sunday contributions to the Sun 
day-school treasury and to the class treasury 

■'Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift -whether 
that refer to the spirit of giving or to the Supreme Giver 
himself 1 Martha Mart,n ' 

Elizabethtown, Pa. President Missionary Committee. 

»-» ■ 


The District Conference of Florida and Georgia assembled 
Nov 28-30 in the Zion congregation, Tampa, Fla. Our 
Thanksgiving service was held on Thursday afternoon and 
many visitors came early and shared in the meeting. At 4 
P. M. the elders assembled in a large tent on the grounds 
while the Sisters' Aid met in the auditorium. 

We were encouraged by evidences of growth throughout 
the District during the past year. Two mission points were 
organized into churches, namely, Glenside and Sunnyland. 
The missionary meeting was Friday uight. Messages were 
delivered by the members of the Mission Board-J. H. 
Garst, A. D. Crist, Ira Miller, C. E. Bower and J. H. Morns. 
A good missionary offering was lifted. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 


In organizing tor the business, J. H. Garst was elected 
'derafor; A. D. Crist, reading elerk, and H. M. Landis 
nting clerk. A query from the Zion congregation passed 
,, ic h provides for election of moderator one year in ad- 
" ncc . As a result A. D. Crist was chosen moderator for 

'a' spirit of toleration and brotherly love prevailed 
,roughout the meeting. Eighteen delegates were present 

„° ,ook part in the business. One church was not rcpre- 
fld No radical changes were made. The query to 
liangc the time of District Meeting was not voted on but 
laced on the minutes for one year. 

Many powerful sermons were delivered by those on the 
.roeram. The Zion congregation received a rich feast ot 
.piritual blessings. Bro. J. H. Garst was reelected on the 

iission Board for five years, also elected president. Bro. 
| W Rogers was reelected on the Ministerial Board and 
- £ Bowers was elected as substitute for R. M. Lantis ; L. 
E Bower was reelected on the Board of Religious Educa- 
tion Sister Lora Shatto and Russ,ell Smith are new mem- 
bers' and Bro. D. E. Miller was elected delegate to Annual 
Conference in 1930. Harvey M. Landis. 
Tampa, Fla. ~*~ 


A meeting of the Ministerial Association of Southern 
California and Arizona was held at the Calvary Church, 
Los \ngeles, Dee. 3, 1929. A rather small but appreciative 
group listened to Bro. J. B. Emmert on the subject of 
Christ as King. 

The speaker dealt with the subject largely from a prac- 
tical standpoint, pointing out the greatness of God's work 
and that the Jews failed to understand Jesus because they 
failed to see the greatness of what God was trying to do. 
Numerous scripture references were given relative to the 
kingly office of Jesus. What does it mean that Jesus is 
King? The speaker answered by saying that God is 
working out his plan. We are commissioned to occupy 
uniil Jesus comes. If we recognize him as King, with 
all authority back of him as he states, what does it mean 
if we do not respond as he expects? Bro. Emmert made 
a touching appeal from his experience in Africa, when he 
imagined Christ there at his side talking over the existing 
condition of idolatry and people without knowledge of the 
true God. It was further shown that our loyalty is un- 
qualified if Jesus is our King. It is further an individual 
loyalty as evidenced by Christ's command to Peter, "Follow 
thou me." 

Following the aaTress a splendid supper was enjoyed, 
after which several short talks were made on the subject 
for the evening. A few items of business brought the 
meeting to a close. David M. Brower, Secretary. 
Pasadena, Calif. . » . 

don't want to have to do it over. The ranger made the 
folks on another piece do some over." They did their 
work so well, that even though their own crops were 
waiting to be cared for, they stayed by it for six and one 
half days instead of two or three as they had first thought. 
A few weeks later on the way to the station the missionary 
met a group of folks working on the road and stopped to 
speak to them as he passed by. One of the men said 
"Sahcb, will this work we arc doing pass? We cant 
make road like your folks do." On being asked what 
he knew about the road our people made he said Why, 
the officers are talking about that piece of road on the 
other side of Ahwa that your people made. They say 
that you even went out to help. We can t do it like that. 
Do you think this will do?" 

It looks as though we may have compulsory education 
here in the Dangs. At the order of the assistant political 
agent a government officer canvassed Ahwa the past weeK 
looking up children. As a result seven or eight new ones 
have come into the school. 

Two of our village schools have moved into Ahwa. this 
has brought about a dozen new boys into our boarding 
and increases the enrollment of the day school too. We 
are very glad for this and wonder if it is the result of 
having indigenous boys as teachers. Neither one of these 
village schools was large and so they will get better train- 
ing in our main school here and they will be under more 
Christian influence too. Pray that the Light may continue 
to shine and still more brightly as our Dang, boys grow 
into workers. Kathryn B. Garner. 

Ahwa, via Bilimora, India. 


The months following monsoon are often spoken of as 
the "fever season." This year there seems to be more 
fever among our- Christians and in the community than 
sometimes. There have been several deaths. In three cases 
malaria was the cause as far as we could judge. Ofttimes 
it responds readily to quinine treatment, then again it 
seems very stubborn. But so often these people refuse to 
take medicine or carelessly neglect it. To us it seems most 
heartless for a mother to let her small child one and a half 
or two years old go on having fever every day for three 
or four weeks without giving it any medicine, when it 
could be had for the asking. Such was the case in one 
the deaths referred to above. Wlien one asks .why 
medicine wasn't given the answer is often made: "He just 
won't take it," or, " She spits it out." 

Although rains were quite short in some sections of 
India, here in the Dangs there was sufficient to give good - 
crops, and for this we are most grateful. Rice wasn't so 
good but the nagli which supplies the bread was seventy- 
five per cent crop. Urdid, a kind of pulse, was very good 
and the corn too was fine. 

While the government does much to improve the roads, 
it is the custom in this part for the villagers to help in 
repairing them at the close of the rainy season each year. 
A lump sum is paid to each village, but not enough so that 
any one gets full pay for his labor. Last year there was 
complaint as to the division of the money. So this year 
the forest ranger, who has oversight of the work, appor- 
tioned it differently in order to avoid such trouble. To 
our Christians he assigned four miles of the road to the 
southeast of Ahwa; to another group another portion, and 
so on. In one of the laymen's meetings about that time the 
missionary spoke of this work and told them that Chris- 
tians ought to do their work well and he hoped they would 
I all do their best. They agreed that they would and 
estimated that they could do it in two or three days. They 
decided (p begin on a certain day and so they left their 
field ' ' ■ -■ - J i"*-- — * *" "'«<-!' 


Sister May L. Snader, widow of Eld. Abram P. Snader, 
died a, the home of her daughter, Mrs. Randall Spoerlein, 
New Windsor Md., on Nov. 20, following a prolonged ill- 
ness. She was the daughter 
of the late Ephraim and Susan 

When a young girl she 
united with the church and 
all her life had been a con- 
secrated church worker and a 
devoted wife, standing by her 
husband in his many duties as 
elder." In 1889 she was mar- 
ried to Abram P. Snader ; one 
daughter was born to them. 
In 1923 she was obliged to 
undergo an operation and al- 
though she recovered and was 
well for a few years, she was 
stricken again and was a,sufferer until her death. In 1924 
her husband was taken from her. Through all her sorrow 
and suffering she was never heard to complain. Five weeks 
before her death she attended communion at Pipe LreeK 
and seemed to be in the best of health. The next morn- 
ing she was stricken .with an attack from which she never 

re He V r e motto was, " I do not want to think of my affliction 
and I do not want others to think of it for life is too full 
of sunshine to let the dark clouds shut it out unneces- 
sarily." Her favorite quotation was, The Lord is my 
strength and my redeemer, in him will I trust. She died 
in her sixty-second year. Mrs. R. G. Spoerlein. 

55: 8, 9, says: "For my thoughts are not your thoughts, 
neither are my ways your ways, saith the Lord. For as 
the heavens are higher than the earth, so arc my ways 
higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your 
thoughts." , 

Dare I spiritualize a plain statement of fact, as Gen. 1 . 
26, 27, and then turn over to the new covenant and demand 
the literal observance of the sayings of Jesus? 

Thus I conclude the form and image in which God made 
us refers to the physical form which is a universal form 
among all nations, and not the spiritual likeness of God, 
for man's spiritual likeness to God is too far distant in 
his make up to be compared to Gen. 1 : 26. 

For proof that God and the angels have bodily form like 
to that of his sons and daughters, note : Gen. 18 : 2, where 
three angels appeared to Abraham and Lot; and Luke 1 : 
28 29 where the angel spoke to Mary and she saw him; 
Matt 4: 11, when angels appeared to the woman at the 
sepulcher; Acts 5: 19, 20, to Peter and John; Acts 27: 22, 
where an angel stood by Paul's side. Others might be 
added After the resurrection of Jesus (Matt. 27: 52, aj) 
"The graves were opened; and many of the bodies of 
the saints which slept arose, and came out of the graves 
after his resurrection, and went into the holy city and 
appeared unto many." We no doubt can all call to memory 
that Jesus appeared several times to the disciples in his 
new body; even when the doors were closed he appeared 
and spoke of the print of the nails in his hands and of 
the spear in his sid'e. In Luke 24: 30, 31 he blessed bread 
and gave them, and their eyes were opened and they knew 
him- and he vanished out of their sight. Verses 42 and 
43 say that he ate fish and honeycomb before them. And 
last but not least, Acts 1 : 9-11 :" And when he had spoken 
these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a 
cloud received him out of their sight. And while they 
looked steadfastly toward heaven, as he went up behold, 
two men stood by them in white apparel; which a so said 
Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? 
this same Jesus which is taken up from you into heaven 
shall so come in like manner as ye have seen h.m go into 

h Thm' Jesus, the Son of God, appeared in his glorified body 
like unto his physical body, and thus ascended to the father 
and the angels said that he will come again in like manner 
So I have all scriptural reason to believe that God the 
Father appears in heaven as his Son has shown us Thus 
I know my Father, look to him with an eye of fath, and 
see him as he is. I am his son, begotten ,n his likeness 
and image in my physical being, and striving day by day 
,o train my life by his word that I may become more and 
more ike him spiritually. So when Jesus shall conic again 
he shall change this vile body, that it may be fashioned 
like unto his glorious body. 

Thank God for his Fatherhood, and Jesus, our elder 
Brother We are heirs of God and joint-heirs with Jesus 
our Lord. Let us all thank God and take courage. 

. xi xr Eld. E. J. Smith. 

Clovis, N. Mex. """■ " 

New Windsor, Md. 


cu ip oegin on a certain oay anu so "icj, ' L,L ,■>-'■ 
work and began on the road. They went to work 

a vim and a goodly number went out on the job. 

The highest number on any one day was fifty-six. The 
I missionary went out each afternoon for an hour or so to 
give them a little encouragement and help. He found that 
they were doing their best. He really thought they were 
giving more time to it than necessary. When he thus 
expressed himself, they said, " We want it done right. We 


Rather a peculiar question isn't it? But there is a 
reason for it, and the reason is the sad fact that many, 
even some claiming to be God's ministers, publicly state 
that God has no form or that they know not his form. 
To me. this sounds much like the Athenians who worship 
the "Unknown God," or possibly like the words of Jesus 
to the Samaritan "woman: "Ye worship ye know not what; 
we know what we worship." How applicable the entreaty 
of Eliphaz to Job : " Acquaint now thyself with God. 

My first introduction to God is Gen. 1: 26, 27: "And God 
said Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: 
So God created man in his own image, in the image 
of God created he him: male and female created he their..' 
"And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the 
ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; 
and man became a living soul" (Gen. 2: 7). 

This same God who created us in his own likeness and 
image tells us by Paul : " I will receive you, and will be 
a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, 
saith the Lord Almighty" (2 Cor. 6: 17, 18). Do I yet 
know my Father? Did you ever know a father to beget 
except in his own likeness? But some one says : When 
God made us after his own likeness and image it has 
reference only to our spiritual being, for God is a Spirit. 
How unreasonable! Man's spirit made in the image and 
likeness of God's spirit? This poor, weak, unworthy spirit 
of mine like God? Nol God is my Father, and I am his 
son for he has said so, but, " O wretched man that I am 
Earthly fathers may reproduce their equal both physically 
and spiritually, but God surely did not intend to create 
man in his spiritual image, but rather that of his visible 
likeness when our eyes are enabled to behold him, for Isa. 


H J Lilly was born in Stark County, Ohio, Feb. 15 1855 

died Dec. 29, 1929, aged seventy-four years, ten months and 

fourteen days. Death was the result of injuries suffered 

" automobile accident on Nov. 27. He earned Miranda 

Tannchill Sept. 4, 1879; she survives with seven sons, two 

L: E h rs, fifteen grandchildren, five brothers and one -- 

ter At the age of fifteen he went to Indiana and hved 

here un. 1893 when he left with his family for Arkansas, 

covering he whole distance with team and wagon. They 

ocat d north of Lonoke where they lived for fifteen years 

hen moved to Carlisle. Ark., where he lived the balance of 

his life except two years at Heber Springs, Ark. 

He united with the Church of the Brethren at «he age of 
twent flve. He was elected to « = ™^ 
SET-' ;I^:C - theVnua, Conference 

" Si: he with hTs wife celebrated their golden wed- 
dine anniversary. 

Funeral services from the Baptist church by Rev. Davis 
and Rev. Hart, assisted by Bro. E. R. Robinson and Rev. 
M D. Atkins. Burial in the Carlisle cemetery. 
-...., H. I. Buechley. 

Carlisle, Ark. 


Christmas is pas, and a New Y^isw^.JheChrrst- 

F TV ttav e e Sarr m e"rn ra :odre P s a s« ae No::Tn'caL you 
did-r nTr frlt^e us describing your package and 
ask us if we received it- 

taS£ towels, dresser scarfs, etc to raise money for 

(Continued on Vage &> 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


, represent 

ville), led 
a good 


Glendale church's closing days of thr 
Phoenix and Glendale churches 
together with a program in the 
dinner at ihe lunch hour. Our oi 
Mission Board. Dec 22 the deputa* 

the absence -- 

of the 7th District. Virginia 

our morning worship. Bro. 

7f in the evening. Dec. 22 

evangelistic meetings. 

ship of song, render- 

xccllent reading 

ntitled Great Jo; 

year have been full. 

enjoyed their Thanksgiving services 

norning and afternoon and a basket 

offering was sent together to the 

on team from La Verne College 

Zsa'ge their theme being The Satisfying Jesus. The 

- full "house in the eve- 

;. J. Young 

,.th his wife was installed 

elds of Phoenix conducted 

The Si 


r. u. gave a Christmas prograi 
ning. Dec- » our church met in regular council, 
was 'called to the office of a deac 
at the close of the meeting. Bro. 

this service in a very impressive ...- -— -- 

7 <rirnulate the mission deficit challenge at this place. J 
to stimulate "*™ w ■ b ollr missionary committee, 

missionary program was gi\cn ui 
G. Statler, Glendale, Am., Jan. 6. 


_Fnr a few years now our church has joined in a 

vilh the other churches of the town. This year 

Wednesday evening and all the 

Our Sunday-school gave a Christ- 

ic, reading 

Thanksgiving servic. 

it was in the Nazarene i 

churches had a part i 


Washington City .-Dec. " ; " "-' nhsence of ou 

man Jacob Aaron Garbe 

(a Dunkard from Timbei 

E. F. Clarke brought us 

was a blessed day. Our p: 

Our choir, D. F. King dirt 

timing picugc, umiij .„■„. :,, tfl cut re consccra- 

«... D„„r.g the ^''J«' »;»'» «™ > im th"r« t iv=d their 

ir- - Kfoarr.e,^..^, ? ,. £ b^h, . «. !££-. . 

the supcrvi 

. Church officers for 1930 were elected. Bro. p. 

Icclcd presiding elder. The young people and the 

■ rv enjoyable Christmas program. A watch meet. 

the church to welcome the New Year. Last 

a candle lighting service which was 

expect the J. I. Byler family of North 

usical progrnm.-D. B. Garber, Markk, 


poned until J 

W. Paul wa 

children gave 

ing service was held 

night the Y. P. D. Society go 

very impressive. Jan. 19 

Manchester to give us f 

Ind,. Jan. 13. . 

Muncle church met in council Dec. 3. Bro. Russell ShowaU. 

chosen elder for another year and Bro. Esta Arnold. Sunday. 

superintendent. A splendid Christmas program was 

children. New Year's eve the Sunday-school held 

each class contributing 

ChriJ ^an WBrtflSSl president"^ Mt. Morris College, gave u, 

a message on the Meaning of the Cross which was very much ap- 

preciated.-Hazcl Lykins. Muucic. Ind.. Jan. 14. 
Nnrt . , lb „tv church met in council Dec. 3 and elected church 
North Liberty en "g Alwilda Rohertson; Messenger 

John Markley. Our pastor. Bro. M. 
" ning Dec. 8 which was well 
As a result of the meetings 

indercd by 

i the program which was en]oyea very roue n 
chalk talk portraying the Lile oi 

officers-: Elder, Orville Houscr 
agent and correspondent. Mrs. 


i program ■ 

that day was 

large number 

eve which consisted of a social h 

the yonng married people's class; 

attendance : 

in Sunday e veiling, — 

of the Christmas scenes- The amount of the »"«■»■■ 

f-i. sent to the General Mission Board. A 

watch meeting on New Years 
ind refreshments in charge of 
-ward a splendid program was 
music, readings and talks. At 
mecTingon" Dec. * the church officers were 
D W Shock, elder; Bro. J. Hollmger, clerk; the 
gent and correspondent. Our treasurer gave — 
The church received a fund of $10 
sniped with us un 
money is being used to 
efit of those of our numbci 
E » annointed and has installed more efficient heating 
A committee was appoinrcu juu «« ..hurr-hes v 

the church. During the week of prayer Jan. 6-10 the cli 
have union meetings. Our 

All ap- 

again and hi 
Jan. 17 th< 
a chickei 

our regular busine: 
chosen for the year 
writer. Messenger 
encouraging report 
Mrs. Ida Burgess who \ 
a year ago. The mone 
church for the bet 

til she passed away about 
phones in the 
hard of hearing. 

; the New 
Beach, Calif., Jan. 7. 

Aid Society president is Sister Shock. 
have four departments at the Sunday evening meetings: the junior. 
sn interesting groop of intermediates (which is also a junior cho r). 
hVvoung peo^c ''ho have Christian Endeavor meetings and the 
adult Christian Workers. Some of 'the Ingle wood members ha; 
meeting *"'° °s on Sunday evening, and quite 
Year meeung.-Mri. Clinton Bowman, Hermos; 

Ij, Vera, congregation has jti.t put on the every-tnember canvass 
,^,hlTurp™= S o,"ui„ S care'oi our budge, oi WOM.r , . conttng 

under ih leadership of Pastor Galen K, Walker. The deacon body 
has been reorganized with Charles Dresner as chairman. Christmas 
was observed with the various classes giving to 
and with a program the Sunday evening befor 
Christmas love offering for the new church ai 
Mission Board totaled almost $4,000. The deputation tea 
out from the college during Christmas vacation and have 
-.•.■.v. ; n t. T f.ct,nf[ stories of their contacts with people. Unc learn went 
California and the other one to Arizona. Pastor Galen 
s preaching a series of sermons on Prayer during the 
ihurch building is progressing nicely. 
ill he held Feb. 2 in connection 
race Hileman Miller, La Verne, 

City church ^ter its reorgan^..^-.™-. ------. ^ 

Genera Mission Board in 1896. Me serveo as v * w hirh 

during which time the present church building was erected for wh.ct 

he solicited most of the funds. The church was organized 

members. Our present membership is approximately ■ 

predated hearing Eld. Hollinger 

in th: Holy Ghost, will never du 

our women's organization serveu = „,....,.... - -hiirrh 

• • j „, „i, ♦:,..* hrrr who are not in touch with the cnurcn, 
friends or relatives nerc wno .uc m« them 

, . ., j „_ ,i,.:_ n , mPS and addreiws and we will look tn 

kindlv send us their names anu ji 
up— Mary M. Hinshaw, Washington, 


P.™k.vill B church met in council Dec. 27, and elected officers for 
the new year. A call had come lor another deacon to fill » - 
and the lot iell upon Brother and Sister E. B. Murray 
rare privilege of ha 

tcring depart! 
icr. Anyone 
touch with the 
leS and we will lool 
C, Jan. 14- 


and < 

Harvey ; 
it 11 A. N 
in the ev 

who preaches regul 
I Clarence Priser a 



Brooks ville, Fla., J 

Lake And church 

G. Myers were cl 


.e enjoy having i 
u. 10. 

had the 
last Sunday— 
rly every two weeks, and 
d their wives. We had" a 
a sermon in the afternoon 
number and without a res- 
meetings.— Myrtle Wysong, 

Eld. B 

of the 
rial association and oth 
all for Annual Conferenc 
Lightner and wife 
.. Lightner preache 

et in council Nov. 29. T. M. Michael and M. 
;en church trustees. The church appointed a 
and a ministerial committee. Through the in- 
administration, chamber of commerce. Lakeland 
. and others; the Lakeland church placed an- 
for Florida in 1931 which was passed, 
f Gettysburg, Pa., are with us this 
for us each Sunday morning, giving 

held a week's meeting beg 
attended and very much enjoyed by ai.. - 

five Sunday-school scholars were taken into the church by bap , 
Our Aid has reorganized with Mrs. M. Blosser, president. The work 
here is progressing nicely under the direction of Bro. West.-Mrs. 
O. E. Houser, North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 10. 
_ t. ii j „l„,„.j n.-h 11 with very good attendant..' 

ir?JL"d , T^"»SS S,S,*l' North Manchester. Each 
message ™ lull ol inspiration and we the mccttngs were a 
church. Dec. IS the Christmas program was 
Workers' hour alter which Bro. Rarick preached 
. . large and appreciative aud.ence. V\ c were glad 
for he cooperation oi adjoining churches. Tuesday evening follow,,,, 
" m„,foj, « love M wa, held with Bro. Rartck «ffic.^"B ; 
r, Morfew and Miller. We enjoyed a most 
Leila Mussclman, Denver, Ind., Jan. 6. 
council Jan. S. The writer was reelected 
Dec. 7 Bro. J. I, Byler and family oi 
....J a program of gospel music which Was 
ted by both church and community. Dec 29 a speaker Jom 
n.uiana Anti-Saloon League gave a wonderful message, n-- 
17 Bro Win. Eikenberry of Mexico, Ind., spoke along the line ..f 
laymen's work and duty in church and community. Nov. 24 Bro 
Walter S.inebaugh, a member of the District tour party, brought u 
many good things which will be helpful to the church.-Mrs. Doss.e 
Webb Fewcll, Bunker Hill, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Wawaka church met in a business meeting Jan. 5 and the follow...* 
office* were ejected: Bro. Harry Frick. clerk; the r-*- 
sengcr agent and correspondent. The Ladies' A'd--jield 

the meetings our love te: 

assisted by Brethren Kcttn 

spiritual feast together.— E 

Santa Fo church met it 

Messenger correspondent. 

North Ma 


ting Jai 



. busi 

nfield, Ind., 



, meeting held. 


an all-day 
The same officers 
M. Weaver, 

Jan. 13. 

: worthy 

for the G 


J. S. Leckrone, Lake- 

to Northern 

K. Walker 

month of January. Tl 

The cornerstone laying 

with the Bible Institute program. 

Calif.. Jan. 9. 

Lindsay .-The Christmas season was a happy time for us. Un 
Sundav morning, Dec. 22. Bro. Isaac Thomas, aged eighty-five years. 
brought us a very much appreciated message. He is seldom able 
to be in our services and has not preached for a long time, yet 
he was able w"bring a message we all enjoyed. In the evening the 
,i.aj™. ,-nft-red their program and on Monday evening the young 
pageant, The Little Shepherd. At the clo 
with a reading lamp and chair. Dec 

luse us much appreciated gospel sermon 

The land, Fla., Jan. 10. . 

,eral IDAHO 

Nampa church met in council Jan. 10 to consider selling the church 

lot and moving to a less congested district. Our present location is 

— the Oregan Trail Highway and is valuable for a business site. 

" eresting program was given by the junior and 

'behalf of missions. The offering was $76.89- One 

in investment of fifteen dimes brought — 

Fairview chu 

Powell, cht 
We decided 


ncil Jan. 
Orlando Ogden w, 
clerk; Sister Ol; 


> try 

Tcrrance, corresponding secretary, 
summer pastor. The church and r'-- 

The offering 
week of prayer 


people gave 

Verne deputation team gave 
songs and pageant, entitled, 
much enjoyed that they were 
During the Chi " 

3 help r 
La* Angel es.- 

the La 
nost excellent program in 
The Satisfying Christ. It was so 
prevailed on to repeat it last Sunday 
season five were received by letter, 
iro H "a! Frantz and Glenn Harmon preached for us recently. The 
Aid' has been quite active this winter and is trying to do what they 
the deficit.— Effie Metzcer. Strathmore. Calif., Jan. 10. 
first church met in council Dec. 11. A new finance 
t ...,cd. The treasurer's report was encouraging. Our 
love feast held Nov. 17 was well attended. Since the newly or- 
ganized church at Glendale is not equipped for holding a love feast, 
the First church extended an invitation to the membership there to 
commune with u= There was a hearty response. On Thanksgiving 
Dav Eld. Geo. Carl, pastor of the Glendale church, preached an 
excellent sermon lor us. A liberal offering was received for home 
mission work Our ministerial board secured Bro. Alva Long 01 i-a 
Verne to fill our regular appointments during the month ol October; 
the home mini=ters for November; Bro. O. V. Long of Fullerton for 
December, and Elders J. Z. Gilbert and Geo. F. Chemberlen for 
January. Dec. 15 a special Christmas gift of $24 was raised for two 
needy families. In the morning of Dec. 22 the Sunday-school chil- 
dren gave a Christmas program followed by a short talk by Eld- 
O. V. Long. An offering of $44.44 was received to apply on the 
deficit of the General Mission Board. In the evening under the 
leadership of B. P. Lebmer, the young people rendered a cantata 
which was much appreciated by a good audience. We rejoiced on 
Christmas evening when five confessed Christ in baptism. Two 
were from the Glendale church." A Chinese young lady was re- 
ceived by baptism earlier in the season. Since our last report three 
have been received by letter. Twenty-four letters have been granted. 
Our loss means a gain of five for the church at San Diego and nine- 
teen at Glendale. Two of our aged members, Sister Sarah Netzley 
and Sister Bullock, passed away recently. Notwithstanding our loss, 
the Sunday-school and church attendance has made a steady growth. 
The Aid Society is doing good work. Early in December they 
opened their mite boxes which contained $4J, a six months' of- 
fering. They decided to give $15 to the General Mission Board to 
apply on the deficit-Mrs. Delia Lehmer, Los Angeles, Calif.. Jan. 10. 
Santa Ana.— The church here is progressing under the leader- 
ship of Bro. Edgar Rothrock who is giving us spiritual and helpful 
messages from the pulpit and also at our mid-week services. Since 
our last report seven of our Sunday-school children have been 
baptized and nine received by letter. The young people of our church 
gave an interesting Christmas program that was enjoyed by all 
present. We are looking forward to an evangelistic meeting in the 
future.— Mrs. J- B. Wine, Santa Ana, Calif., Jan. 7. 

Jan. 5 a very 

primary classes 

class of junior boys «u 

$16 30 for the Black Brothers. Our Christmas program was- delayed 

on account of the Bulgin meeting and was held Dec 

'- missions was $125. Jan. 6 to 11 was given to 

eral of the churches of Nampa. The Tuesday night »£«■-■ 
i the Brethren church led by the Baptist minister.— H. H. 
Nampa, Idaho, Jan. 14. 

■Dee 3 at our quarterly business meeting the following 
e elected: Bro. L. Haugher, church clerk; Bro. Niels 
Jessenger agent; the writer, church correspondent; Mrs. 
Aid Society president. Our Sunday-school gave a Christ- 
evening of Dec. 22. The church also gave the 
, u . Esbensen, and family a pound shower on Jan. 7. Last 
Sunday morning three were received into the church by letter and 
we are expecting others froon. The church is enjoying a steady 
growth. Our Y. P. D. is doing splendid work. Just recently to- 
gether with the Aid Society they presented a new rug for the church 
pulpit.-Mrs. Walter LeBaron, Frceport, III.. Jan. 9. 

Virden-En route to his home in Pomona, Calif.. Prof. Weaver 
stopped with us and both children and adults enjoyed his chalk talks. 
Dec. 22 Bro. G. O. Stutsman was with us in special services. Bro. 
John T. Masterson was advanced to the full degree of the 


; program ■ 



which he 

the Aid will help to raise the deikit.-M/s. Ruth Ogden, Uhionvrfle, 
Iowa, Jan. 14. 

Greene.-The home department of our Sunday-school continues to 
grow in numbers and in the spirit of missions. Our annual missi ... 
a,v offering to the General Mission Board was $32.15; of this amou ,t 
SlS was sent to the Africa mission field. The odest of the = eight- 
een members enrolled is nearly ninety and shows her thoughtfuln. ., 
for others in the fact that after having read the Missionary Visitor, 
Messenger and Sunday-school papers, she sees- they are passed on me 
youngest, a little girl of eight years, granddaughter of one ol our 
faithftil isolated home department members, also gives the bunoa>- 
school papers to her little friends. Total, number of chapters Of 
the Bible read. 856. besides all have faithfully reported studied 
lessons and reading the chapters in connection with them. One mem- 
ber reads the lessons aloud to her invalid husband and then passes 
her Messenger and other papers to her neighbors to read. 1M 
Missionary Visitor is being sent into twelve homes of this depart 
ment besides the Sunday-school litcrature.-Elsie A. Pyle, Greene, 
Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Libertyville church observed Thanksgiving Day with » •nessage 
by Eld. Jas. Goughnour. pastor of the Ottumwa church. We Had * 
basket dinner at noon and a program by the church at 2 P. M. A" 
offering of $i0 was taken (or the General Mission Board. Dec. 14 
church met in council and the following officers were elected for the 
year- W N Glotfeltv, elder; Glenn Carr. pastor; Helen Hunt, clerk, 
the writer correspondent; G. F. Glotfelty, Messenger agent. t 
1 our Sunday-school was reorganized by electing Lee Carr, superin- 
tendent. Prof. C E. Wiaver was with ;xb Km 5 and 6 h.: p.ctur - 
and lectures were much appreciated, 
which gave us new 


for the 

-Lola Brubakei 


ission church was do! 

n and of 
An ap- 

i granted. 
s pastor; 
Redcliff Dec. 

Redeliff.— Our mission church was closed for several m. 
we felt keenly the need of a Sunday-school for our childn 
church services for all, even though our number is small 
peal to our Mission Board that the mission be reopened wa 
Bro. Ira Zeigler of Vidora church offered 
this help was gratefully received. He e; 
and called a business meting Jan. 2. Church and Sunday-school 
officer* were elected: church clerk and correspondent. Sister Gale; 
Sunday-school superintendent. Bjo. Miller. We believe that if nothing 
more is accomplished than to Veep our own families under the in- 
fluence of the Sunday-school and church, we have been repaid but 
we desire to gather in many who we know are not attending any 
religious service and to lead them to the Savi 
Redelift, Alta., Jan. ». 



and Bro. Caslow conducted thi 

his senior year at Mt. Morris College in further prep; 

work which the church placed upon him. Dec. 31 the welfari 

of our District gave an all-day program here. C. Ernest 

President of Mt. Morris, gave three addresses w' " ' 

pieces: Mr. Erbun of Chicago gave a peace Ie< 

stereopticon views. Last summer he spent six 

Italy, attending the League of Nations conference. 

fortunate in having these able speakers with u 

Virden, III., Jan. 10. 

Bethany.— Dec. 30 we baptized three applicants, this since the re- 
port of our meetings. We met in council Dec. 5. The report of the 
annual visit was given. Bro. John Morehouse is Sunday-school 
superintendent. Because of drifted roads we gave our Christmas 
program Dec. 29.— Mrs. Bertha B. Weybright. Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 10. 
Blissvillo.— Bro. J- L. Gutherie of Lafayette, Ohio, began a series 
of meetings Nov. 17 and continued two weeks. We had a fine meet- 
ing. Four were baptized, all young people. Sister Myrtle Swihart 
of Roann led the song service and with the help of our young people 
who sang special songs, made this an interesting part of each serv- 
ice. We met in council Dec. 16. We decided to hold our series of 
meetings beginning the second Saturday of September and close with 
our love feast the second Saturday of October. Bro. Alldredgc of 
Anderson will be the evangelist. The Sunday-school rendered a 
very good Christmas program. Our church services and Sunday- 
school are very well attended and ail seem interested in the Work. 
—Mrs. Mae Pippenger, Plymouth, Ind., Tan. 9. 

English Prairie church met in council Jan. 7. Church and Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the year: Elder, Chas. A. Light; Sister 
Pearl Bontrager, superintendent. Our Aid Society is entering upon 
the new year with greater zeal for the cause. The Aid sent $25 to 
apply on the deficit. In 1929 we lost five members by death, re- 
ceived six by baptism and five by letter. We are enjoying some 
spiritual uplifts in the way of being together on Sunday afternoons, 
taking our dinner and going to different homes, sometimes to those 
who do not get to church service. We have a program with songs 
and young and all enjoy heing together. Sometimes as many as 
fifty arc present.— Mrs. Banks Light. Howe, Ind., Jan. 13. 

Markle.— On Sunday evening, Dec. 1, we enjoyed a very spiritual 
love feast. Our pastor, Bro. I. B. Beery, officiated. Monday evening, 
Dec. 2, our pastor began a scries of revival services, preaching six- 
teen sermons. Bro. Riley Kendall of Topcka, Ind., had charge of the 
song services. One whole family, consisting of the <ather, the mother, 
three sods and two daughters came out the last evening of the 
meetings. One Sunday-school boy came out later and the eight have 
been received by Christian baptism. On account of the blocked 
condition of the roads, our quarterly business meeting was post- 

Dec. 22 his Chri 
growth. Dec. 22 
a Christmas progra: 

Susan Glotfelty. Bat 

the i 


zeal to work along that line 
ve us much food for Christiai 

children and young people ga-' 
offering (or missions.— Mr* 


meantime th 

Paint. Creek church met in council Dec. 22. The Ladie 

ported nearly sixty garments and two comforts made and donated 
the needy Our Sunday- school gave a program Dec. 29. The man 
part of business at ii»is time was discussion of some way to supply 
our pulpit. Bro. Dadisman and family leave in the spring. 
decided for the present to invite ministers fr 
churches to fill regular appointments and_ in 
ministerial board will try to locate a minister 
Richard. Uniontown, Kans., Jan. 13. 

Pleasant View church began a series of meetings Oct. 27 and closed 
with a love feast Nov. 11. Bro. S. E. Thompson who conducted the 
me.ings officiated at the communion. Wc enjoyed a Thank sgiv,.,* 
program and praise service on Nov. 23 A number of short talk 
were an inspiration to the meeting. Our lecture course, sponsored by 
the Berean Bible class, is proving a decided success. A Christr 
was rendered the evening of Dec. 22. Brother and Sis 
ipcrintenderitx and matron of the Brethren Home near OU 
nade it possible for the old people to enjoy a pleasant 
as eve in the Home Bro. W. A. Kinzie gave a short talk 
vas enjoyed by all. Our Aid Society gave $10 toward the 
deficit, also a gift to Cappers fund for crippled children. 11"= 
Society gave a good program Dec. 5 at the home o I Sister I*U«J» 
Dawson. The young people of the southern part of the «••■ 
hold their group meeting in this church Feb. 2.— Mrs. 
Darlow, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Victor church met in council Dec. 14. Bro. F. A. Wagner 
reelected elder. All Christian Worker officers were elected. 
ill-dav service was held Thanksgiving and a goodly donation 
ri ,.„two ncedv f.imilies.-Mrs. Price Winder. Waldo. Kans., Jan. 

Troup, s 



nunity Chri 

White Rock church met in council Dec. 27. We are s 
find a pastor by June 1. Our attendance has kept up I 
ing sickness. We observed Armistice Sunday with union service -' 
our church The high school orchestra furnished music for a short 
program and Rev. Hiner. pastor of the Methodist churchy gave r 
splendid address to a laTge crowd. Th 
program also was held in our church.— Mr; 
Kans., Jan. 11. 


Constance.-Sept. 15 Bro. A. R. Smith, once pastor of the Cin- 
cinnati church and now a worker in the Y. M. C. A., visited the 
church and delivered the evening message. Oct. 6 the classes were 
divided and reorganized into seven classes, using the graded lesson- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 


„ basemen, became very uselul, being «;P«' by to of 
fguT.t. Suoday-«chool begin, at 9;4S o'clock downstair, and 
o'clock upstai 


o.^ devotion. ta f T dMiIn, "<or class ^J «■ "j*" 

""'"' S.I7.X to^'l™. ^"'Eb' co„d„c,cd instslba- 
, r „l.og progiaiT. in Sunday school, an inspiration 

services lor me o" ntL , , . cl wns th e very appro- 

'? '"""TTh'e G ood Shepherd. No:. « the B. V. P. * f ve the 
'"".",„„ L' We had a fine attendance and the tree mil 
|,y, Mother «ini. dieJ . Aid „.,„ an oy5lcr 

Bering """""""Jj J 16 ' Dee IS the B. Y. P. D. repeated the play. 
ri',S ."S» church. The h.rt.*g« 

pother Mine, . „_[,„, «.«), Dec. 21 a white gilt Christmas 

"""' t . live „ A bu,h"? basket filled with white git.., such a, 
rogram was J™™' . Brother and Sister Moll. But the 

l ""' ',"„«. 'all was one soul lor Christ. Dec. 22 was a happy 
^'tor on n,°„,he,. when two of her daughter, "L^-^SJ 
- „ it the close ol the Sunday-school; one other also came ano 
„ Christ at the clo le , a(, C r„oon. Thus was a year 

hey were baptized a, Line. una, accnra.cly 

,, toil ended a. Constance- The bml gar. 
.leulated, but the more important, .he .pirduai lav 
« °,,taated.-L.wrenc._Rodamer, Constance, Ky„ Jan. 10, 


The work of our church has been progressing satis- 
rr " ,o B rIc I.". lew month,. Bro. A. J. Beeghley, pastor oi 
lactorily lor the las. lew m pastoral work here. 

j„ ,h< absence ol our pastor. B'«Men "'• J ., ,,,„ 

"Tks "i ^ * ,e"co?,ere„ce ,0 h'e,„ B at- Ma,„nu„o„ Spring,, Va. 
m' 14 Bro Lynn Blickens.aff, business manager ol our Ind.t mis- 
;„],, M Bro. i-y ; d Aspiring me,sage at the morning 

sion, gave a most interesting ano Sunday- 

Stuffing 2 ' jr^n ^^^ i= 

r- M Ttinma*; \V. Newton Long anil S- P ■ spuzcr w " = 

T.beraaele which were , t g ^ ScpL ^ ^ „ hundred 

?°°" C h„lar, were p"omo d the same date. Oct. 6 Col. J. H. Cudl.p 
5," i„, ol Y P i Md. Council of Religious Education preached 
?"' , both seevnee,. Bro. H. C. Early delivered a powerful sermon 
lor -is at both services Sunday-school election was held Oct. 1, 

resident) 234, Un no v. '" : hcM lor ,he memorial 

Se U Sn,!°.hS ci y y o"„ hc™ve„in" of Vv. .8. Our . communion 
McMicahcl. this city communicants. The 

service wa. held Dec 1. TOre we e plated. A Christ- 

total m.,„on offering J™ *»»£ »™£ „, ,„„ Sunday-school Dec. 22. 

' "," Sundfc-school building and we expect to bold the dedication 
services Feb. 16.-Gamma L. Krider, Hagerstown, Md.. Jan. 6. 

New Wlnd.or.-The Berean Bible class of this church sustained a 
JS 1..S in the death of Sister %»£■££&£. "Z 
Z?£X2S?~ ££S* Bro. W.'.ter Englar. He took 
" hi. text. Paul's words, " Be of good cheer, for 1 : behove Cod th* 
ii shall be even as it was told me," He gave us an optimistic view 
. he future; with courage and faith we shall achieve great h.»,. 
1, ,.„ , most help.,., sermon croo, , » -a Th h '™> «'„»', ?£ 
W.s«t our'sch-oof Our' Sister,' Aid Society is the 


Blough, New Windsor, Md., Jan. 14. 


r j o -a. n.,,- n-w nastor Bro F, D. Anthony, and family 

SK£ Dec. To all-day meeting wa, held a. the 

Kirch o welcome them. A. ,0 o'clock an impressive ™<*»"™ 

j . j i n,„ r|,,( Forrcir He preached on tne 

service wai conducted l>v bro. i.ti3s. runui. »»■- »■*- 

thenie The Cahlng of .1./ Ministry and the Calk ™™«« -^ 
e also held alternoon and evening. Dec. 16 our regular council 
, held. A Christmas program wa, given by .be children and 
young people to n crowded house. The mid-week service i, now a 
'.1. stud, cla.s taught by Bro. Anthony. A lively mtmjth 
.wn and it i. very well attended. There is an increased attendance 
the service, and ever, one is starting the new year by putting 
. shoulder to the wheel-Edith Register, Grand Kapids. Mich., 
Jan. 10. 
Hart church celebrated Christma, with an inspiring white gilt serv- 
ie. At the close ol a good program, the gilts ol substance were 
resented by elas.e,. Then the usher, gathered up the written 
Pledges of service. As a climax to the evening, when the pastor 
iked lor gilt, ol self, two gave themselves to their King. Officers 
■r the new year have recently been elected. The newly organized 
Aid Society is meeting monthly. Three were baptned this past 
wo await the rite. Beginning with the first of January, 
the pas.or is conducting a study of the life of Christ lor the eve- 
ning ,e.viees.-Mrs. Cora H. Fisher. Hart, Mich., Jan. 13. 

Sugar Ridge church met in council Jan. 4. The church officers for 
the year were elected. Bro. Bruce Miller wa. reelected church fore- 
man, A committee wa, appointed to make plan, for the Di.trict 
Meeting which will be held at the Sugar Ridge chuich in August. 
Dec. 22 the church enjoyed a pageant, The Birthday of- Our Mug. 
given by the young people's Sunday-school class. Our church work 
's Progressing nicely under the leadership of our pastor, Bro. J. J- 
Cook.— Elizabeth Reeds, Scottville, Mich.. Jan. 10. 
Udlowville Mi„ion.-On April 1. 1928, the writer began services 
in the Presbyterian church ol Ludlowville under the direction and 
support of the Mission Board of Eastern Pennsylvania. During this 
year the work progressed and two were baptized. At the end ot the 
lear the board withdrew its support but did not authorize a discon- 
tinuance of the work. Accordingly service, were held regularly. 
The average attendance since April 1, 1929, was thirty-sever, and the 
average contribution, $6.29 plus the receipt, of our birthday bank, 
*»• The Sunday-school is making splendid progress under the efficient 
leadership of C. J. Weibly and F. J. Baily as superintendents. During 
these nine months $20.05 was given lor the Conlerence; 
513.60 lor Bethany Bible School; $8 .25 lor home missions; S19.42 to 
help the mission deficit. Thirty families received the Messenger for 
lh 'ee months at the special ten cent rate. Our Sunday-school was 
epresentcd at the state convention at White Plain, hy Sister Libbie 
...Jght back an excellent report. We have had m.d- 
»eetm-gs in various hnmc. oi the community, mainly for the 
Sunday-school lessons; we find that the 
,., much in stimulating interest in our religious 
"ort Our members and friends arc to be commended lor support- 
mg the work so splendidly and we begin the new year with a nope- 
'ui outlook, trusting that God will continue to do great things for u,. 
Ludlowvin, i, tc„ miles north ol Ithaca.the seat of Cornell University. 

Arnold who brought 
w eek meetings in va 

J Purpose of studying 
social feature also me 
"»'k. Our member, 
mg the „„,k „ „,,„ 
"1 outlook. „„,ti n! , , 

Sometime young member, or member,' children attend school here 
and have no knowledge ol being us reach of Brethren ""'"* b . j 

N. V., Jan. 9. 


Beaver Creek.-Eld. J. H. Eidemiller P"-ide">t «>■ " B "'" ""'"i 
ber business meeiiug. The amount of budding fund reported was 
S4 441 44 cash Mrs. Ralph Mole, wa, reelected church clerk Our 
communion wa, held Nov 9 with Bro. J. F. Burton of Trotwood con- 
Hnetiiio an impressive service. An all-day meeting Saturday was well 

and Bro. Burton look part in the services. Mr. brand Outer, gave 
an interesting talk to the children at the Sunday morning service, 
?ouow.d by lid. L. A. Bookwalte, on the sub.ect o^ ^ Peace and Bro. 
Burton with a stirring and convincing sermon beginning * two 
weeks' revival Interest, attendance, music and sermons were excel 

Hr^ E i3^%%HS 

Couser ably conducted the singing. There were ten """"tons 
the church, five by baptism and five recla«r..rL Our P" ■ 
baptized one in December. Our young people s group won the banner 
for lie large., representation of any of the six church groups corn- 
posing unit No. 2, our township religious education group at the 
December meeting The young people's group as.istcd by the clul- 

1 n oave T very interesting and enjoyable Christmas program Dec. 
22 The offering, ol the morning and evening amounting to over 
„0. were lor mission,. Our church is endeavoring tc _--. »»- 

sion living over last year, to help m raising the mission dencit. 
Ou™ Sunday-school sen/a large sunshine basket to 1 former member 
of, be church and ■»»-»!« «£ »„" VubleTr, ".tendance since 
The «un» people ' ^".J^'y ™%ht to thirty-two present each Sun- 

evening Our Sunday-school is having a contest January to uet. i 

meetings-Mrs. Henry M. Stewart. Xcma, Ohio. Jan. 13. 

, ,L weeks' series of meetings. Although the weather was very in- 
Clemen good attendance and interest prevailed throughout the meet- 
ugT Bro. Good preached sixteen soul-slirnng sermons that were 
an inspiration and help to all. Brother and Sister Good w th ou 
elder, oro. Geo. Game,, and wife visited ,n near y adl the home, £ he 
community. Sister Good wa, of great assistance in the song 1 "«'" 
commui. j Margaret Clauson was elected presi- 

dent o'f ,„r ChriS'n Workers' Society .-Mrs. Asena.h Baker, Le- 
moyne, Ohio, Jan. 13. 

'shor't^pir. titled Echoes o, Song; the young ^JJ---- 
short play also, The Sign of God uec. a evening 

"" ''rh'c'r. were^dLS-Mma ^hmt, Br.dfold, Ohio. Jan. 10. 
""Latin, church closed a series ol meeting, the middle ol December. 

dren were very helpful, also the picture, on the Life of Chn.t. _^ 

-nt^S-S-mLion-dehc^-Our 1 ^ ?^ fi SSff*. S 

he eiven i, the near future, the proceed, to go toward the young 

peop^m".! project lor 1929-EI„e M. Pe.ry, We,, Manchester. 

"Ss/Thurli. me. in council Dec. ,9. The church officer, Jo t the 
rpr-ries^nd' ^^fSf^SSt^^SSi in 

r ^JLSsss ^s= r^ii FcSr re 

^ohroue-who for sometj-e p^ tc % b ™ „»'* °J h rtSnaf IrtgraS 

morning and e.enuig. excep t ">c discour ,e S from the word 

Z^i-Skss r-Fiort z.^'& v:, 

L M:p.. Gr.vI-Ou'r's«,,d.y-school wa, reorganized **>£%£, 

ville, Ohio, we regieniu j r i n <,ed a very success- 

IS-refeeS ,t ^ ^^SeruM ^ ^piicaut. 

i",a?kf The ^U a 'o*.m?S,r. l »d St^fS "^ 

a talk in tne momms message to the young people. 

in the evening she gave a sphndid mesa.g Ajd 

Thanksgiving evening a play. Asleep m i.on was »»« > 
Society after which the pastor gave a sp leud.d ^ "=•»"«=' hj 
the children gave a Christmas P'°."!" n °" r *"}" £' £ %,„ h L 
ing us some very forceful message. '-/" ,,',,,, »„*, 
charge of a teacher-training class which meet, every v ' ' 

evenfng The Sunday-school ha, been progressing nicely tl tbougb 
tliT ""tendance i, no, a, large a, we would like to see ,t.-Mrs. Beul, 
Kettering. Ashland, Ohio. Jan. 13. 

R... church me, in businc,. mec.ih, J.n «. *?»£**& 
church officers v.ere elected lor he gj, sOder, S^ I. D .^^ 

C. F. Detrick; delegate to District Meeting. A. L.. ^ 

France, Detrick; Messenger agent and ' """f ™ 1 "'' " Ve 'decided 
„„„d; superintend,,,, ote Sunday ^T^C. Ro,s. on ^ Mradoni 

to hold a series 01 meeting 11 v 

"wes^DayL-The church enjoyed a. fine a Cbris.mat ■ »«'»™; 
-"' "," h\St, SLTfi a P , r ,u?rcho,r S ,„ B . V rd"er b .o a'ssis't 
r^^^oEis'h"™ divided th. congregation JJJ eighteen 

E°acl division i' looked after a, to a.iendance. sickness, removals 
pastor, v-e a" u; r ; nl ,-,i rfH ,m for Sunday-school classes. The 

s,„rch"h,',° s. ~^> ra s re D gia B d°rn".,r.h^. ld ,„: 

M ^„ 8 c ^ r^rg.X"Tn' ! ,o M ,^mSr ^^Ihere it ha, been a 
stranger heretoiore.-Dorsey Hodgden. Dayton. Ohio. Jan. 
White Cottage Sunday-school gave a rally day prog, am o^ song, 
■ s t a. M^.i i- ssinr>t v-nne were nresent tnai moiiiiiis- 
The' folio"™, evenin. a two vveek" revival was begun by our pastor, 
V:i S delivered a -gZSSfEtt ttZL 

the reception given *"" . h custom , of the people and 

Helser gave an interesting talk on the^ ^ ^.^ Q ^ Ql]i , rl „, y 

cS w™' hebT Jan. , '-Mrs. Ethel " Woodward, White Cottage, 
Ohio, Jan. 13. 


Ashland.-Our church enjoyed a good service Thanksgiving Day 
The sermon wa, delivered by D. M. Brower. An olfenng oi $25 
was given lor home mission,. Quite a number ol member, I on, 
the Grant. Pa., church were >"■> "™^ ff °' a „' d .« Dec. 
STf l» 'our' SS..LT p G ,^a S rwh?ch G r, Ver, ,0^ Tbe older 

h^i&Mrt .nV rjira^ 

rlhurc'h'Xk; Bro. Edwin Tcmby Chrbrtian Worker •' P-*« ^ 

&ASl^SJr/£J! "w^e'fon"'.^ moj 

and better Sunday-school room,, which are now nearly completed 
The Lad",' Aid gave $96 and some ol the brethren took care oi the 
the Ladies niug ' number and much scattered; there are 

carpenter b,h«e » e few >"»»"" , „ , to , a , mc mber.bip of 

onlv fliffnl entire lit . - -,!■__..„ c_-» 

?,4 K?ama,h Falls, sixty-five mile. Iron, here. ,, building up , *,, 
We have a few members there; one family had not heard the Brett, 
ren preach lor three year,, but subscribed lor the M.s..»g. 

SS^a^^ffl. r,hrivSg*,y"" the' artoU 
b-a^^^^er,"™,' " a^d ^rouSd' Mel^^ho I^t 
Ashland to church service,. They long .0 see.a church established 
there-Mr,. M. C. Lininger. Ashland. Ore., Jan. 10. 

Portl.nd.-Thc church recently had a new coat ,f paint outside and 
„,, redecorated in.ide. We have been strengthened b» > 
.erie, of evangelislic meeting, in which Bro. P. H, Bar, ol Albany 
assisted. At the close oi the two week, there w. : e five »?J '»»' ^ 
,he church and a love least was held on Saturday night, 
the cnurcn ano ^ pi|| BMl ,^ Sunday „ e . 

iim™ An offering was lake,, winch lar surpassed our expectation,. 
The'chttmlVprogr™. given mostly by the Children wa, very 
much enjoyed by all.-C. E. Swe.nam. Portland. Ore., J.n. 10. little band of member, cut J™"^™ ^ 
22 with Eld. Geo. Shade presiding. Church officers lo, the yeaj .were 
SLSJ. Clerk Bro. Kenneth Vinyard; Messenger agent and corre,- 

Br s's^idtrs ^cTyftff-vHS 
it sj^Ss.'sSSrt. s^-iJ-xasi..- wo;rs 

Tve mle, distant. Two appmntment, are held in the wiute, ^ month, 
the sTcond and fourth Sundays. Any one with moderate mean, w ho 
tne sccoiiu service in the Lord's work can find a great 

r^rtunty he?e ¥he,e is a fin, Cass ol people but they know ,i,„e 
offjod". Plan ol salva,ion.-W. N. Carl. Murphy, Ore., Jan. 10. 


, ... ia we eninved oi first Homecoming service. 
County VTT b?, wi.h u, B o H Spenser Mincicb in .he morn- 
We were glad to have with us uro n. o, ■ 
ing; Bro. M. J- Brought, w.ih a latge delegation ol In. lolks 1, 1 tne 

^"HflS S"-" A'^-dcllgSfuit:! 

b,„ interesting program lunch ^ wa , se ,, Sundssr morning, 

ss s-jrts sivsa. -s ^ve:rnic: i •;:rogrL , ^, 

[^^W'TS^-fcTSvlUj £« a^tory cantata 
The Bethlehem Way Dj- ^f^ft ^^^Vf* 
rs7n%hu?,ra.ed lec h .ure oSwhy Girls Smoke.-Fl.rence Uhr. Indian 
Head, Pa.. Jan. 8. Rennrts of 

CovenW church me. in huriness 1 session Jam »„ c f« o „"„°, 
treasurer, and of the pasto, we,e ,ea I. Dc 31 a 

linreW on the homes. Our junior l-c^kuc -c v 
Brother." fund-Mrs. Trostle P. Dick. Pot.s.own, Pa., Jan. 14. 
E.., F^rvk,w.-In October we held our children;, meeting won* 

Eld. I. N., ol Mounts, le officiated. ^ ^ ' ^, ol 

'" Fre r" iCk, m,e,injr"gn" , „„duc,.d n to Eld F* S. Carper of 
pX,,». The las. nigh, o. the meejmg our large I . use "» ch "« in „ 
Eleven came out on the Lord, side ""-„„„,. T he chUdren 
program which included an^ ***** Cha t.^V. ^ § 

who had not missed a Sunday durm, .be Manl ,e, m , Pa., 

gift for regular attendance.— Mrs. Alien 

W ' t u _.. I„ council Jan 2. Bro. Sollenberge, was 

F.irviow chu,ch met '»«""" ' .„„,i „, Bro, Arthur Durr 
elected elder ol tbe George. Creek »W |oa , ure , 

wa, r,in,.alled ,0 the m,n,.m '" °™," a "' , by the young 

the ChrUtmas program on Dec Sso" citations, readings, anthems, 
people ol the ehu,ch. Tbe,e were "."rem, 
etc -Ruth Fretts, Masontown, I a„ Jan. ,. 

•n r-|,,i„n„, season was very lubV observed. The 
Germantown The Chr '""" ^'"J Sun ,,ay morning preceding 
Chri.tma, sermon wa, preacneu '" - , d |e v „per service, 

Christmas and The New Born 1 King b " ">» assisl i ng artist ,, 

was given at 5 o'clock, by the cnoir a Sunday-school was 

On Dec. 23 the Christmas entertainme ^ Appropriate 

given, at which time attendance «•■».» Sonday 

Old Yea, and New Yea, ,.— ««" P™ c J a „ Sp Li(e ., Flickering 
o, ,|,e year. A »"■«";»«»«,, ™ „' « '.t church who have passed 
FhTto «:?£ iTliTe-Florenee M. Lawn. German.owu, P... 

' Ubilom-Sep.. IS, •"-rrK'atLynlicgrero. IJuStt * 

,„ the Messenger ten-cent subscrip ion oner, o s rf o| our 

seventy-four name, B««™»j»» *««. » JM^ Haiio „ r ch „ „ 

clder"s services for two weeks wmic nr . , ou , to the 

during a revival. A, cU.tom.r, the own member, wen, o ^ ft< 
Midway churchhouse to help hold OU r 10 e n ^ 

afternoon of Oct, 5 the .women , Sued , . ^1 church „„, „ 

an exceedingly Interesting program tn 1*' hM B ro. Pan 

one oi our special service,, a pu rty meeln g. o| 

Wenger of Mecb.n.c.bur, ,nve the addr^. . ^ ^ 

both country and ciiy I»" w Elisabethtown College 

of Nov. 3 at Lebanon. Bro. »' "• ' ' „, „„„„. Tb e class m 

addressed the »?""" peo !„™hn"h 'small in number. Thanksgiving 
teacher-training ., doing line though small _>u ,, h „,„,, 

service, were held with Bro. B G. Stauiier pre.en , , 
A„ offering wa, lifted for *OTjJjt««^ *%%£%. ^p«„ 
Eld. Peter Carbe, preached n rousing ^rni, .0 ^y ^^ (u|ure amonB 
,0 do missionary work m "«' , " ,,„,,, ,, M Christmas seivices. 
,he moun,a,nee„. Dec. 23 1 ou, bund, „ D cc, 25 .eviee, 

I, „a. an interesting and « d ' ""'""„, Vwa, lilted. The young 
Seethe ^'wert ou," s^i.^.^Chrislma, nigh, surging 

Eieih^r'AnnrBacJmr^, £££. * - -— 
(Continued on Page 64) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 


(Continued From Page 59) 
~ - -j Mr* Hersch's boys assisted in 

the Christmas offering and Mrs. HWUU 

entire amount of money raised by the elm 

Geer, Va. ^ 


, bel ieve the Messe„ f et - be ^-^c, r £ 

separateness from the world, ete. 

The necessity of practicing the "all flung.." the depar- 
Jl from Bible teaching and commands is --rt-rendmg 
to those who believe God means what he says. YW ar 

£ e a pra efcov^ing is a thing of the past ^ -any places. 
The Bible posture of kneeling in prayer ,s seldom practiced. 
Nonconformity to the world is winked at. 

... Chas. M. Yearout. 

Santa Cruz. Calif. 


wise providence 
,d brother, Peter 

!.».=. » i- "» ■ , , , »"'' <lu ?°jf d h ! ?„S"'.ri^" 
and wisdom to remove irom our miuss 
Matelio. therefore be it resolved, whi 

That We bow in bum le ■»*-™»V. 01 ve church and Sunday 
doetb all Hums well; thai « the Mt. u ^ ^^ 

ST-SP.. " £J3 wi,:".d n :bi.dren our since* sy»p.*r 

: . "*(,.«, m nur heavenly Father who 

That a copy of these resolutions be sent to ine 
in the home paper and Gospel Messen B er, als 
Sunday-school minutes. Cor 


■laierstown, Pa. 

heal tht 

iaraily and printed 
recorded on our 

Ray Burd, 
Walter Brandt. 


Flea.e note, that te™T^^^^J®g%5 M '„* 
carriage notice may be applied o a three mon.n. ' h ld 

„ . , . „„ lh . wriler former pastor o( the bride, Sept. 5, 

-,^"^1d« Pa Mr H"„„, and Miss Virginia Lehman. 
bS olWindber, Pa.-Lewi, S. K.epper. Huntingdon Pa. 

C^d^^-A. the parsonag, , by * £*™S£ J£ 

OuthA.Ld.L-By .he undersigned at hi, "..dene.. J.n. ^ »* I 
Rev Morris Guihrie ol Lalayette. Ohio, and Mrs. Laur. Lost. 
Columbus, Ohio.-W. R. Guthrie. Lafayette, Ohio. 

IJsTer ?r'a'c" , M C Eiie! b.,h"f Empire, looker, Empue, 

r-S^ES.* ^, d Dor, ,h Va. h °a"d tf frol^. 
cU'e^f Fairiaic Staiion. Va.-L.tbcr L. Mason. Don, V, 

Brr;^"-Umlr , td P 'Mi." 8 B.^Ma U ,"V= d W Ji Frei"": 
Mi- M. G. Wilson, Frederick, Md. 

- ■ . en. ;. survived by bcr husband. 

.,« children, four dying in ^infancy Sh e is sure iveu^ y^ fcd] o| 
B,o sons her parent, »J - »« Sc „„ s . i„ t „mcn. i» «>= 

,he Brethren in Guard by tiro a .- n] 

Flcasan, Hill cemetery -Mrs. H. V. S.u ... ... ^ ^^ 

Cri.c. Sister Elisabeth, daughter o I M che and hu , b „ d , j„,. 

died Nov. 17, 1929. aged 81 years and |' ^niidrcn survive with 
Crist, preceded her sixiccn year. «•■ at . g „„dchildrcn. She 

.wcnty.even grandchildren and lou rata 8 c » remained 

joined the Church of the Bret hren ^ h ty vc • » dccds „ 

faithful until death. She ™' " 0, <^/„ ,, e cb „,ch by J. T. Click. 

^dwnrd* Lcroy wa. born in J-ggfZt+S B-tS 

Nov. 31. US. He was a son of *•*«_ "^ ,„„„, , w0 vt „s 
Edwards, and was a member of il c Ro »ury i i ^ ^ ^ 

cEur:„ r h, b hT, ,h ;.:r,.r F T n "F' set »» ™ »•■ - G '» d * v 

-r„ely'-,«romc E Blough jo-own a ^ ^ ^ 

hi fT'<S" tli «. »e Wc',mm.,er g Md. on Dja », ^ 

M year,. 10 month, and 12 ^' h . S °^Xf e ri„ Church. Funeral by 
'"■ He vv"r V.™ and B F ? KMue Interment a. Meadow Branch 
SSTJS WSSeAS. E. Klin, Getty. bur. Pa. 
Fit, Bro. The. I died Bee. a. J» .. hts hmr, m yori-^la g 

-£ s2v£ /Ss-a s^? s» £ft 

w,(e, two brothers and two sisters. Services in 

Eld Daniel Bowser and Bro. Chaunccy Trimmer. Bunau .» 

7- -j . fiup rhildrcn two brothers, one sisici "'™ 

his widow, rive cml0 . ren - .„ reh at t he ace o sixteen and re- 

sis-ers He united with the church at tiie i i Funeral 

Shighy r p c 'rf a« 8 d?.v.d ,o, her hne Christian character S«,- 
was niM"> ' v Rrtftnev Coffnian. iunal in the Licnty ccinc 

Henry Gale Feb. 29. 18M. One .on P««d«d h there ™» 
husband, two daughter,, two son. "^£3*^ and gentle 
and one sister. She was a w church was shown by her 

°Ll"\f.hi h wrS" n Br.^n l tL^cSy S'SmA'e,: I,,d.-Bury, 

^cfrWmTtlntar Fr.ep.rt, ..... Ju.y .7, 1«9. died ., hi, 
"a^™ SK.^ -Jjy-" EAST'S '.he 
'vicInK Oakley."!!,'. sitSfg' o^.hToT^ homestead .her. he grew 
rman'bood and Uved conHjuously or > period ^j -.«.. .«_ 
three years. March U, 1K«. lie 

iaught.. - 
e brother and 

sistent Christian 



was boi 

B«ker. William J., son ol Mr. and Mrs. J. ». 
lndianapoli,. Ind., May IS. 1900, where he always resided. He had 
not been in good health since last May. Being ol a resolute nature 
he continued to work until Dec. 4 when be became unable "return 
to bis place oi business. Alter remammg at home lor a lew day, 
ta wa, removed .0 the city hospital. But all medical help Med, 
,„d on Dec. 28, 1929. he pa„ed awa, at the age of »»«"•' 
months and 23 day. He i, survived by the widow, Sister Anna Baker, 
two small daughters, and his parent,. Funeral service, ,n the Brethren 
church by the wriler. Interment in Crown Hill cemetery.-Geo. L. 
Studebaker, Indianapolis, lnd. 

Be^louum. Albert, born near Raymond, HI- died at the home ol 
hi, son in Cleveland, Okla., Nov. 30. 1929, aged S9 years. 6 months 
and IS days. Dec 12, 1891, he married Elma N. Lear. To them hve 
enudren were horn; two died in inl.ncy. Hi, wile th^daugh.c, and 
one son also have preceded him. He is survived by one son, one 
^anddaughter, three broth,,, and one .i.ter. He united with the 
Church oi the Brethren when a young man; he wa, very much 
*- : " religion during his 

failing health (or more 
Cirard by Bro. A. L. 
cmetery.-Mra. H. V. 

devoted to the church and found 
many experiences of sorrow. He had been 
than three years. Funeral in the church 
Sellers. Interment in the Pleasant Hi! 
Stutsman, Girard, 111. 

Bi«er Bro. Isaac R-. son of Fred and Peggy Arm Biser. died Nov, 29, 
WB. aged 73 years. 2 months and 24 days. He was born near Moore- 
field Junction, W. Va.. and spent his life there. Having never married, 
be lived with his parents and cared for tbem until their death a number 
of years ago. He is survived by one sister, the other having died 
several years ago. He was a faithful member o the Church of the 
Brethren for over fifty years. Funeral in the Trinity church by Bro 
B W Smith, assisted by Rev. Wolfe. Interment in the Arnold 
cemeieVy .—Bessie A. Holsinger, Burlington, W. Va. 

C-mpUll Bro. Amoe, was born Sept. IS, 186S. near Ehensburg, Pa., 
died at his home Nov. 19, 1929. He was a member of the Church ol 
the Brethren lor nearly fifty years and a deacon for about thirty years. 
He had rheumatism for many years and walked with crutches or 
twenty years. He was confined to his bed two weeks before his death. 
Aug 29 1839. he married Mary Elizabeth Makin; to them six children 
were boVn; a son and a daughter died in infancy. There are also six 
griadchildren— Mrs. Campbell (no address). 

CViii. Helen Louise, daughter of John and Mollie Wilson was 
bom near Auburn, III., Feb. 8. 1898, and died at the home of her 
pwents in Girard. Ill . Dec. 7. 1929. after an illness of several weeks. 
Sept IS 1915, «he married Fulton L. Cherry; to this union were born 

were born five children; two died in infancy and o. 

, e'"hurch o,The y u, thre„ y a„d lived . ^ taitMu, , 
lile-M-s. Levi Blickcnstafi, Cerro Gordo, 111. 
Grahum Edw M , died at the home oi his son Wayne near Enhrata 

He is survived b, two sons o „,a„dchildren. Services at 


ment in the Bird-in-hand cemetery-Gertrude R. 5hirk, tpnrata, r. 

he, dauBhtc, _in V.rdcr , W. . J . Hal „„ ond .nd to them were born 

L. son, and twfdaug. ters. Earfy in hie she United with the Lutheran 
Churc h"b™. d .'. W me d Te e ars ago she chose the Church o, the Br. rem 

Several ^T buft^ay^ rcsS S Sff- ^ - ««? 
Lola Brubaker, Virden, 111. . ... 

S .l" Church ,1 ,he Brethren lorty-.hree year, ago and remained 
laiihlul; a, long as health permitted she was a regular »"™"°' 
..rvices Funeral Irom the Timberville church by J. T. Cliek assisted 
", J Carson Miller. Interment in Timbcvil.e c.meiery-Reb.eca L. 
Netl. Timberville, Va. 

Hood. Sarah, died Dec. 6, 1929, at the home oi he, daughter Mr. 
t,,d,m lame, aged 72 year,. She i, survived b, five sons and five 
faughtcrs, h"; Eand'ciayton Hood, having preceded her ten year. 
ago Sister Hood united with the Old Order Brethren "<»=■£ 
„( ..v.ntren She wa, a fa thlu! devoted Christian. She was active 
in our Aid SocietJ and enjoyed ..lending our church. Bric service. 
„ °h home b" fhe undersigned. lollowed by regular iuneral service, 
" B.avir Dam, conducted by Brethren Repp and Gernand.-M. G. 
Wilson, Frederick, Md. 
Johnson, Sister Daisy Frances, nee Smallwood. wife of Osborn Johnson 

^Tml'lhfandVnayr Side', 'ner t^'Tlf^ 
r'th'reT daughter. lather and mother, two sisters and pother. 

Services at the ftcasant vancy cuuic., , 

Peter Garber. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— Mrs. M. i~ 
Williams, Mt. Sidney, Va., Bro. Grant P., died Jan. 1. 1930, aged 61 year,, S months 
„d » days. He i, survived by the widow, lour sons and two daugh- 
;.,. tall member, ol the Brethren Church), twenty-four grandchildren, 
his mother, two brothers and lour stepchildren. Three children pre- 
ceded him Services by Bro. S. K. Wcnger and Eld. Nathan Martin 
at the Midway church. Interment in the adioming cemetery.-Elua. 
beth B. Nolt, Lebanon, Pa. . 

Love...., E. V., aged 77. and one of thc best known and highly 
resoecicd citizens of Clark, Hill, passed away at his home following an 
illness of several month, from a complication of diseases. He called 
lor the anointing some weeks before; he bore his long 
y Funeral service, Iron, the Methodist church b, ,he undersigned 
niermen, in Union cemetery. He was born and reared to manhood 
in the community in which he diedj he wa, always lorcmos. in any 
movement for community good. ^He was twice married. His first 
martial "was to Caiherinc Young vvlio preceded him twentyfive year, 
ago To this union one ,on wa, born who survives. Bit iccond wife 
M,, Kate Scegars Scanlon. also survive,. He visited the Holy Land 
in 1902 with thc writer and was baptired in the river Jordan— D. L. 
Campbell, Colfax, Ind. 

Merrill, Andrew J., died Dec. 25. 1929, aged 77 years, i I month, and 
25 days. March lB,.Ifv90, he married Florence Virginia Humbert and 

,„„ located in Westcrnport, Md. On, , .or I died «£?£&£ 

hi, wile jus. eleven mon.h, ago. He le.ra one ^ ^^ ^ ^ 
Mrs. J. C. Boo,, Pi^cn. W. V... w m having m ^ 

He was a lifelong member ol the Church in : ^^ ^ ^ ^^ 
the good choice at the age oi "'»""•;•,, „,„„ lte church in that 
cnptefiV .»' SyXe« S 'yca:r He. wa. gJ^S^'^S*. S 
r,Io",and very firm jt "j^«2ST" n.Si.tS ^ T^n« J Co,, 
many. He »l,o .erved •'f""''^'- by Bro A. J. Beeghlcy. assisted 
L" l Rev: o'T'BriTtii'i'gham IfSfA- Scrogum.-S. P. Digman. 
Westcrnport, Md. H c Metsker, 

„.„k.r, Marvin Cyrus, only ■»» °'^-„„ £ ^s. " Dec. 17, ml, 
born near Lone f «, Kan, did n Law^c ^ ^ 

aged 36 year, and 7 da, s. He mar ^ R « MW1 „, 

SJS3C » H."Mey!.rs, Overhr^Ka... 

™aLr^;;:: y H^.hf seeker,. w„e o, B. c Charbes ^Miliar, 

where she had been visiting =n. . VC ral grandchildren 

U survived by her husband three *•*"• ™ , " p .„ but the t.m.l, 

S,»er Miller was bom and reared "Somerset^ ; ^^ 

ha, for a long lime resided in joim .erviccs were conduced 

of the Roxbu.y church many '""^'^"j Weaver and burial wa, 

in the home by E. M- t«iwi B1 „ UK h, Johnstown, Pa. 

in Grand.iew cemc.cry.-J.romc E. 11. « . J ^^^ 

Mitchell. Sister Rebecca. u« °* » „„' j, ,«,, . Bt4 
died at the Old folks' Home a. W" ' ■„ ;„„,„ ,„ se ver. 

72 years. 9 month, and 28 days. &»» nan daughter and 

year,. Beside, her husband h e eaves tm^^, y ^ 
STI D 'Mine, Interne", in the adjoining cemetery-Mrs. M. t. 
~ uro. A„;:^o, « r rf i5 ™^ i ,-i' 'Serial 

He never wavered in bis I'"' daughter, and •« 

n. ;■ survived by bis wile, .wo so.... . Mi ii er Bur i 

He is survlv . c " ' F)d M A . Jacobs and Bro. H. L. miner, 
brother. Services by Eld. «■ »■ J Y k Pi 

in the Mohler ceme.ery.-Florence L Kcc £ „ 

Moyer. Louise H. dauglUe, . Isaiah and Eh „ e.h I ^ ^^ rf 
born in Upper Providence Oct. 11, 1882. Sje uri, ^ mmlljer ,, 

„„ Bre.hren a number of year, ago autd^WU ^ ^ d>is „ 
the Norris.own churehl sM w«i crojsing the „,«, she was 

the time oi her death. Dec. 4 ■>»■ s Fn „„, (,„„ |.,, 

„r„ck by an automobile am tod "«;„„„ „ d Bro , Jo.'Ca,... 
!;, ' t ne iO ch , u"b'irMing y B w™er« V r„,e,men. took Wd.oa, 

N M;irEd"'K., daughter o, Cyrus £ ^^J^^^ 
m. rorroll 111 died at her home. Covin?, t ^ UI ^,.^r„ ',:, nl w a .J 

S^pL c S^cX'p : ^^ eS -,„ £ 3=2 

^^he , Br^' 9 fh.^v«^a d v= son, a^d_ S .ugh, , 

three grandchildren "V"" aid W™ K. Conner. Interment in tl,« 
by Elders A. D. Solle.bergr.nnWm. ^^ oft£ 

Oakdale cemetery .-Mr,. An, ,c ^ ^ 

Ov.rholser, Calista Ann, ne< ' wa .'"^ d Mo „, oe Overholser in It'.. 

fading in health lor a numb. r ol ye." hut a ^ ^ ^^ ^^ 
with pneumonia and "mplm"" "* °" ; „ he „ a s a patient wl- 

called for the »»° 1 " "■•""^,1 church by I. S. Burn,, .....t'-'d 
^"he writer" Interment' in tbc"eme„ry north of the church.-Hva 
Miller, Goshen Ind. ^ ^ Yorl ho ;, , 

PfaltagrJI. Bro. Chas. »■''«» „ fc d „ e to the effe.., 

, S ed 53 year,, 11 months and 21 days. ^ chufch ^ ^ „„,„«„ la. 
„| an operation. He was a |our da „, h ,„, Iwo sons, 

many years. He u '"rviven r hfa tome by Elder, M. > 

j rcoK :nd r Da n „ d ierB°o.: , , , e , r" , Bu,i.'l in Gre.nm.un, cemetcry.-F.or.nci 
L. Keeney, York, Pa. F„ rP k a Til . Dec. 14, 195, 

Phlpp., Si.ter Rind, died a^ ,cr ho™ ^J; ^.^ w „h 
aged 78 year,. In 1865 *»'"", b "{ children, twentynuii 
her husband preceded °V' , S ''; "™,„dchild,en and one brother. She 
8 "" d , Chi "'.T"',he"c urch i '.h B thren in c.rly hie and ««-.- 
foT.hlur'servic,,^ "he O.k Grove church b, the unde,s.gned.-M. A 
Whi.ler, Washburn. 111. E |i„beth Mo«, 

Price, Mary Ann, nlde.t daughte ol "n ho „,, 

was born in Elkhart County. '" d " '"'>"',„„ *,„,„ weeks. April 18, 
Plymouth, Dec. 23. 1929. alter an .Inc.. of °» ' ta b „ 

1875. she married Henry Price A. <U » o. « , ivin g , 

heart to God and united with the Church M ^ .__ ^ Aid 
consistent Christian hie. ="'""„ enfoyed the anointing service 
long a, her health permitted. ». F» ^ ™ 01,c juff e,e r ,hc *» 

during her illness »«d ' h<> V B '' '''j four children preceded her. She 
patient to the last- Her husband and lour^ cn«<> " three 

, survived by five sons and 'hree n*U«».eri • . dcUM ,en. 

bothers, twenty-five .'0«^»'"™ " d ,t „„o„! gn.d assisted M 
Jo U „""«' , rkfoy' b 'B P u'i7in h 2?&Z ''.metery.-j! F. Applem... 

Dee. 23. 1867. and died Dec !•». She "jng.jj^,. j,, ,„«. 

188S. To them were born .wo ' _ ■ i cb ildren. Services ftoro 

iS JeSt'ro've'churfh'by 5 Bro. '5" J.'^eV.e, Buria, in Newcomer 
em?, Rife, Hollansburg. Oh,. 

Keuoll, Sis... «" y a„^"«, di „',^b.u^i»rn.b, toS^ 
Solomon Filer, after an illness ol "ou. ' o| ih[ chorel , | 

She was aged 67 yea,,. She *"S . la. ^^ ,,„,,,,„,. 

Ihe Bre.bien She is .u.v.vcd by three hterastrt » 

Funeral by Bro. C. C. Brown and tut =, y fc Spr i„gs, 

Mummert cemetery near East Berhn.-I 

Sister Ba 
them wen 
him. He 
thc churc 

"p,W. Sislcr L^ic Ann horn J, ^.^arr.,1 m. r a^her hon. 

L & wt'^..3'chr 3 (.S'f »"/ f"-"- d -S leads'.- 
Lientfous and devoted to the oj"^ » d „ l ^ d ' ^ FuJeS S «- 
brother and two sist.r.j »ne brother prec.d ed ^ ^nb,,,..,. 

?. l ce', d „"..e SakdT cemetery-Mr,. Annie M. Ba.hor. G.eudora. 

C Rl,.b.rg, Mary Ann (Lr,^™ fc** J»J « 
died Dec. 29, 1929. age 8S years. ^™™ I( , ^, , ~ r J' who died March » 
she wa, united in marriage to Uv. Komesn e « sonj s „ d 

1589. She is survived by six son. and ... d. » >arviv , d 

nVfor^Sr SS&K If; ^ri-- o r," d Bre,hS'r. 
SerSr^'and ^maS'laUl' u.'t,!i;d|h R Service in - 
hr^LZ^tf^l hf'ne church cemc 
tery.-Walter F. Berkebile, Rockwood, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 


, Urn Peter M.. born in Somerset County, T^, Nov. 16, 1858 
S«ylor, Bro leUr m., do jMJ „ e „„„, d 

|icd at 1». !»™JSL iETmH * died April 1. 1910. To 
""" ""torn wo son "d ix daughter,. Three daughter, preceded 
»I»:r*» chureh member, being „x ,,-», . year, n 

Oho, Dec. IS, 19Z9. &ne was ' m daughters; one son 

Ke ld e C oug b "g.rtS, on April *JJ*^ TaervL Be" d'.°, tne 

*"!,■■ ""tntil/'h: Se J*" .£ brother, and two 

immedute lam, ly. she leave. " ' » , b EUo „ Bu ,ke a«.,ted 

K'1%. F W"S'».'" S&Jtf £"*- I—, Borke. 

Ada. Ohio. Rockingham Memorial 

„« born to them. five of whom are h« n« » a , 

, , Haver near Rocklord, Ohio, at the age of 85 year., 1 month 

Sife S S^oorf ,if ^^^ 

•"'", '"^""s'h'etined C « " the Br™'™ roan, g ye.r, ago j 

out; brother, sne join™ jus _.„„,,,.„ a few vears aco when 

T' "TmlcVd SVS*JS SfjSrjLETlS .i.e. g Scrv,ee, | 

cemetery —Vada Nicholson, McCune, Kans. 

S,XT« a.ed ",ea,, ' ^^and ."' da^gt i 

lK;he "Vh" .V widow"" Sy*" ' grani V ch..rn td^^S-.- 
g=i£. h \V|r,,e uniteJ „,h the Chureh o. the Bre.brer. , 

April 12, >M'..*"° d ( « bo™ lie if surged by hi, widow, one .on, 

Bretbten E M Detwiler and T. F. Hen,, and interment wa, made 
in Sand "mctery.-J.r.m. E. Blough. Johnstovrn, Pa. 

Wade. Clarence, ,on ol Wm. and Ella Wade, horn near tta r Madison; 
Ohio, died Dec. 25, 1929. aged 19 year., 8 month, and 23 .days. He 
Sarrirf Nancy Mills, on Aug. .8. 1902. He u.n ed » h the Brethren 
Chureh ^"'^^IZl ss g °„. "unera 1 . .£ Christian church i. 
Sonant b" B.7. "lb"" .-Hs.tis Rife, Ho.lan.hurg, Ob... 

W»» Nanc, Ada.ine born near Troy, Ohio, died near 
,ntv,.ll Ark Dec 18 1929, aged 82 years, 3 months and B days. Que 
, r"u,fed i'n Sifenf'G,',; cnurchy.rd near Lowell Funeral by Re. 
L. L. Johnson. Missionary Baptist minister. She was married Feb. i> 
l!?0. lo J. J. and to them were born n,ne children Six are 

be Cord and Savior until death.-Thos. J., Lowell, Ark. 

W..ler Bro Jeremiah, died at the home ol hi. daughter, Mrs. 
Z ne ' W Son 1 "ear c'et.yshurg, Pa., Dec. .4. 1929. aged * ,«-.. 
9 mon.h, and 6 day.. Bro. Wisle, wa, an example ol tadn... >»d 
patience. He had been blind and wa, also confined to b s room tor 
seveta. vears vet he never murmured. He leaves two daughters and 
r™.p «. Fnnera, b, Brethren W. G. Group and C :. L. Bjtag -«*- 
by Rev. Amo, Me,er. Interment at Arendt.vdlc, Pa.-Mtnme t. 
Khnc, Gettysburg, Pa. 

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The Church of the Brethren 

Formerly Called Dunkers 
1 This body ol Christians originated in the eighteenth century, the 
church being*, natural outgrowth ol the Pieti.tic movement following 
the Reformation. 

2. Final, accepts and teaches the fundamental evangelical doctrmes 
of the inspiration o. the Bible, the persona.,!, of the Hoi, Spirit, the 
virgin birth, the deit, ol Christ, the sm.pardomng value of hi. atone. 
men,, bis resurrection from the tomb, ascension and .Personal and 
visible return, and resurrection both ol the lust and uo]Ust (John 5. 
28, 29; 1 Theas. 4: 13-18+. 

3. Observes the following New Testament rites: Baptism of penitent 
believers by trine immersion for the n 

2: 38); feet-washing (John 13:_1_ 

sion ol sins (Matt. 28: 19; 

1 Tim. S: 10); love feast 

imnnion (Matt. 

(Luke 22: 20; John 13: 4; 1 Cor. 11: 17-34; Jude ; 12): communion (Matt. 
^6: 26-30); the Christian salutation (Rom. 16: 16; Acts 20: 37); proper 
appearance in worship (1 Cor. 11: 2-16); the anointing for healing m 
the name of the Lord (James S: 13-18; Mark 6: 13); laying on of 
hands (Acts 8: 17; 19: 6; 1 Tim. 4: 14). These rites are representative 
of spiritual facts which obtain in the lives of true behevers and aa 
such are essential factors in the development of the Christian life. 

4. Emphasizes daily devotion for the individual and family worship 
for the home (Eph. 6: 18-20; Phil. 4: 8, 9); stewardship of time, 
lalcntB and money (Matt, 25: 14-30); taking care of the fatherless, 
widows, poor, sick and aged (Acts 6: 1-7). 

5. Opposes on Scriptural grounds: War and the taking of human 
l'l« (Matt. 5: 21-26 43 44; Rom. 12: 19-21; Isa. 53: 7-12); violence to 
personal and industrial controversy (Matt. 7: 12; Rom. 13: 8-10); in- 
temperance in all things (Titus 2: 2; Gal. S: 19-26; Eph. 5: 18); going 
«o law, especially against our Christian hrethren (1 Cor. 6: 1-9); divorce 
and remarriage except for the one Scriptural reason (Matt. 19: 9); 
every ( orm o( oath (Ma ,.. 5: 33.37; j ame s S: 12); membership in secret 
oath-bound societies (2 Cor. 6: 14-18); games of chance and sinful 
amusements (1 Thess S: 22; 1 Peter 2: 11; Rom. 12: 17); extravagant 
»nd immodest dress (1 Tim. 2: 8-10; 1 Peter 3: 1-6). 

6 Labors earnestly in harmony with the Great Commission, for the 
^angeliiation of the world, for the conversion of men to Jesus Christ, 
"d for the realization of the life of Jesus Christ in every believer 
'«att. 28; 1B-20; Mark 16: IS, 16; 2 Cor. 3: 18). 

7 Maintains the New Testament as its only creed, In harmony with 
'inch the above brief doctrinal statement is made. 



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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1930 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

H. J. StockK 

Our customary 


reelected. We 

«„,, I- ,be election •«•«£"* "£ '™%S™^"^"*lj? 
Stded to lit. • >l*^/£lc" Je f£ta..y ctall.r**. The 

sss a: a tSEs-s x's-l- « 

s r£.;r^«E . -i » -— ■• •- 

P. M.-Martba J. Ectart, Le^con, Pa . . ^ ^.^ 

U^^.-Oor »»V here .. *™<%£gg ,„„« pre.eut. Oar 
on Ttonk.pvmg rooming » h,ch "*,, 7° a crowded house. A soon 
Ouistmai program «■ EJ"° C ' T children gathered pennies lor 
missionary oSrnng was taken inc Brougher. 

the Black Brothers' lund amoun.tng to S.1. O"^ officc „ ivi „ bc 
met with us lor a hosmess »«•»"« - ' ' . d tave Sitrter Eva 

elected at our Apnl^ » £ »"„« „„,„ „ ork c «e,y day .t 

Woltord with us again. As our - 3re vcry helplul. 

help, them ou. when she preach, and^e , __.__ „,„« 

sriwraS'S'Si- » *. «• ■*-*- » 

Leonard. Pa.. Jan. o. ^ wm 

LiUr. church met ,n conned Jan S when o^ christian 

elected: Sunday-school lent. B,o U. ^ R Brli „ ga „. 

Workers' P"^"'-? 1 ?™™ * ft i commendable report ol las. 
The S.sters' A,d Soc, el, p« Y ^ FM „ b „ e p „ached 

year's work. Dec. 22 Bro. v >" , „„ dc „d a program on 

a very helpful sermon. The hit. . lay .c hoo rfb ,„, , ow „ d the 

,o Bro. Geo. De.wtle, ol UuW. «ji » , , „una.e 

acccptrf and will beg. work her J «.»'" ',„„,, , „«„„. in.eres, 
„ securing his Serv.ces and are MUM "> hm ,,„„ w „ h . 

when he come. i»» »r -J .. Durm g « ^ ,pp„i„,m,n,s. 

Sd^''" ^olroi-hT'church ofheer, -^J-*^ 
Appointed. The regular »--« ££»•£ ^rnln/o 1» 
The Aid Sociery has been „««. «£%£*,£. „ bl „,,« ,„d .he 
the good rrork done. The 11 ._ r. r. " . ,„ th e ir act.v.ttes. 

young people cred. to h supp or. S ^ ^ 

u?in".b:Tery"ne.* lu.ure.-Mr', Uoyd Vough, Meyersdale. Pa.. 
^l,.-Nov. 3 Bro S L. Garbrr ,< Harrisonburg. V.. JJ-- 

,h= Midway house Nov. 24 condue.ed by Bro^ B.^ G.^ b.^^.^ ^ 
Dec 10. The Chtoues octe appreciated. 

«w,y hnisbed basemen. ^ "^"SA^ A^.^m'w' . a™ 
,he commun.ty held a «'">"« d „,„i u ,ions were made, alter 
by .he young people and "'">«""„;"„„,„., Wi ,|i„ g Workers' 
which a plate luncbecm »»« - - mud , 

class papered .be audttormm ol the "■»"» Christmas pro- 

p ,eased with the 6ne a ance o ^.b^;-;^ ^^ „ , „ 

gram Dec. 22 was \cry wen re offering for world-wide 

££j£S Scen'Tv^ich^irne'r "as" received. . During the 

U.ter par, ol this mnn* wt_ "J^"' F ™^" aftVe weather 
lustrated program on Why G.rls Smoke As soon 
open, up in .be spring we hope .o ha . > 'I'J""^ * Ja „. 13 . 
remodeled building.-O. A. Summy. M.. Pleasant, fa.. J 

_ .-„_ .*..• ir. nii.irterlv business mecni't-; 

lan The ^»' '- P , M cmdi , io „. The envelop. 

"Ttern'wa* adpedTo, th'e entire' church budge. ... ,ear. ago 
ma'i, meettng — Jf^—,^ »°° J^^ft StS 
n™b?UnrrIga."«». y»r »~k. 'and P .he church desired .he yea, 

wbff ^^^ o, o.e ^,ingch„ch work^e k ha. 

to do. Bro. Calvin User was ar mv ■ h „,!,„- advanced to 

Sundav-school superin.enden. and Samuel E. Baker advanced to 
ftat office with Joseph Campbell as associate supertnlendenl. M.St 
of.he office,, were elected at a special c.unc.1 ,n December. 
D T Detw.ler being continued as elder and .he writer as corres- 
U. 1. weiwuei e . orcanirations have been commend- 

ponding secretary. The women s organizations thousand 

ably ae.ive during the past yea,, eon.nbuting mo,e than a thousand 
dola,. to thei, various projects. Sister Rosie Reasy wa, elected a. 
Presiden. . .he Aid Socie.y and SWer ra.harine Replog , a. pr.Stto. 
It the missionary society. A. Salem.ille .he Aid Socelycho.e Irene 
Snvde, Io, president, and at Waterside the Aid Society president 
Tslva Beach The Christian Workers' president i. Blame Esbelman. 
— Rosct.a Cottrell,. New Enterprise. Pa.. Jan. 10. 

Ntmistowm-Since we have been wilbou. a pastor the pulpil i ha. 
been ably filled by brethren near by. Jan. I Bro Wm. J. Wads.orlh 
of Ponstown ,.ok charge ol ,h. work. Dec. 22 ''"Sunday-hod 
rendered a Christmas program. A beautiful pageant. The Mcthlcncm 
Way! was given by the young people. A ..tch nigh. ■«''»•'»«;»• 
in charge ol the young people. Wilh .he coming ol Brother and Sister 
Wadswor.h .he oullook is good and we are hoping lor better things. 
—Beatrice Wilson, Norristown, Pa.. Jan. 8. 

Pottatovm.-On .he fitst Sunday of the year, ou, congregation, at 
the rooming service gave our pastor. J. Kurtz Miller, a rising vote of 
thanks for bis valuable leadership during the past year. He was 
again reelected elder of our congregation by a unanimous vole We 
have closed the most ptosperous yea, in the .hole history ol the 
Pottstown chutch. The men built by voluntce, labo,. a concrete- 
block garage io, ou, pastor on the parsonage lot. The women, 
through the Ladies' Aid and Junior Aid, painted the church outside 
and redecorated the inside. Ernest Kulp was elected business 
manager for this year and John Nelson and Lloyd Sleightcr were 
added to the trustee board. We arc making a special effort to reduce 
the mortgage on our parsonage. May 1 is set aside as the time ol 
our spring love least. Pro!. Marshall Wolle of Blue Ridge College is 
t. be the main speaker a. our Sundayschool convention here. May 
16-17. The Eliiabethtown College Volunteer Band is to give u. a 
program of special music and addresses on Sunday night, Jan 26. 
The writer was appointed church correspondent for this year.— Mrs. 
Uoyd Sleighter, Pottstown. Pa., Jan. 13. 

Quakertown,— At the council meeting held in September at the 
Springfield house, Bro. J. A. Bricker was elected elder for one year. 
At the quarterly business meeting at the Quakertown church Dec. 
21 Bro. Clarence Holsopple was elected supetinlendcn. of the Sunday- 
school and Mrs. Raymond Bleatn was reelected Messenger agent; the 
writer, correspondent; Bro. Simon Lint, clerk. Our pastor. B. B. 
Ludwick. reported that he visited seventy-four people out of siaty 
homes since Sept. I. He also brought a question before the council 
as to printing a church bulletin. The first issue will be printed this 
month. Bro. Ludwick started an evangelistic campaign which is to 
last till Easter. He also i. conducting a Bible study class. We 
feel that he is working earnestly; his messages are spiritual and up- 
lifting. Jan. S installation services were conducted by the pastor 
lor the newly elected church and Sunday-school officers— Mrs. Ray- 
mond Bleam. Coopcisburg. Pa., Jan. 13. 

Rcotbirry.— Since my last report we have enjoyed many line things. 
Oor Call love feast, Oct. 27, was a very spiritual one, hein'g led by 
the pastor, Bro. T. P. Henry, assisted by the local ministers. We 
bad a father and son banquet Nov. 21, which was well attended and 
was enjoyable and helpful. The toastmaster was E. P. Blough and 

the principal spcake, 

Thanksgiving meeting Io, ou, »a,u ^ 

church Nov. 27. with » »- byR«. Da ' O J^ „„,, 
us a Thanksgiving sermon the Sunday evening , ^ throng.!! 

made ol the Christmas season lb.. J~£/*'JJ ,',,, sermon, .ere 
December one ^""™" J^..™,. Dec. IS Bro. Henry gave The 
leading up to a climax over t_ ».'>>"]_■»■ [h mos , impressive. 

Firs. Gift in the lorm ol a "™ a '° i "^ 2 ; 1 "; „„,,„„ program .a. the Sunday-school hour Dec. i. »" „ rf si „ crs 

given by ,he children ,nd W P*« f\«™, ~ A1 ,„, service our 
J. P. Coleman. C. S. Brail er nnd.A. a, .at. fc mi Doro.hy 

unior choir, .raining -ndcr C. S Br rs , n „, c 

Bisch.ff. mad. its »'?V WP " r v";„ g ."s g'vco by .he young people 
evening the pageant. Mnutra ."»._ «« » |vi Firs , was 

,„ add..ion .. Ite P«» n. « «» ^» __, ^ , , wb ,,c 

the bringing to the altar D> a p w0 ,ld-widc missions. The 

gil, ,o the King. 'o'»''°«. °™' Tb f„s,.r ha» P,.P»" d ■ ki "' 1 °* 
second ... a g.l. ol service. T »= »■,'",; „&t ',„ i„dic,.e wha. 
ques.ionnaire on »h.clt am ' . „, c ,„ r . Third wa. 

kind ol service be was .mug » lot ward and gave her young 

?, 8i ," lILw Dec i r^stor "-.bed in .he morning on 
1,1c to the Master, i^cc . hoir re „dercd the cantata. 

Closed and Ope,, Doors... ^ven „g ^ ^ ^ h( }y 

The Manger and the Star, rrom ten numbers by a 

we bad our °>»«»f- f'°" '?„' , w e me. in our New 
male quartet .ere the main tea. . j ofScB rs and reading 

Year's business meeting. Tl c. elect.oi. ol c.urc. ^^ 

ol report. «c. .be P™c.p ? l Jems o. bo ne M J„ .,„„, 

„,.„ is retamed a. elder; IJ^^^,,. correspondent. Mrs. 
Sister, Livings.™ and _ C. ». »» Gco Livingston. 

T. F. Hen,y; delegates to Di.loB """?' si , E . B lough. A 

T. F. Hen.y. Eli Tc.Mr and Bro.hcr ood^ j^ ^^ jubl ,„, tW 

art. B™nan;;Se d |hi,: ;bc ? , ™« »s arias 

S^:^- "^ f i - ^ IS .S. one-tee.!^ 

At^S? »=«, S^^Tn^n"S. To' 
Missionary Society meets nwtUr. JJJ7 > J „ ei . h b.rhood ol a 
geiher ihese two soc.e.ies have handieu . ycir 

fhousand dollar, during .he year. J-" »™ ^ ° s bc „ r „ cL « d 

the preaching to be done by ou pastor T.h.a. F H_ ^ ^ ^^ 
ril'^ri"- "i* h.pes.-J.,om= E. Bl.ogh, 
Johnstown, Pa., Jan. . Sunday-school rendered 

S rT" S "f l7't:\^'°7oX ■comhmcdrlon'.i.tin. o! read- 
a Christmas ami New .car v< ' s fi the fir3t f-unrtcrly 

ings. recitations, addres !^ | . 8n ° ™ rt " of the auditors and treasurer 
rltv^.helL.S'Ai'd altTve a rcpor,._ The memb.s ^e- 

-jL V- h-. ui . t week's seres of meetinfrs pr." 
cided to nave a 

WWWWW " I 1 I 1 1 I I I I t I I I H H-H+H-t-t 
Tho 2Sth ANNUAL 

Founder's Week Conference 



Cor. N. La Salic St. and Chicago Ave. 

will be held February 3 to 6, 1930 

Well Known Bible r^J!^*"' "" d 

Th,« Sessions "X^V'm, ^ »* »•» P. «• 

Remember Ihe dote! PtAHo Welcom. 

Information sent on request 


F „ r «es .he answer h.. be." YES. Must th.. | 
continue to be the answer? 

Feed B. SntUh in " Mus. W« H.v. War 7» .«.- «« 

,. ._ j , Pr vice in securing o better tm- 

importance ol religion and service m « 

derstanding .he naUons, and evaluate. »« ' 
wi.hou, bias the -*« ,»»,« l™' ^ "Si. 

peace. 318 pages. K.M. ^ 

Elgin, 1U. 

L .. n 11. ! Ml 1 111 U 111 I II Ml MM 111 III H ' H 



uel Wyks, Everett, Pa., Ja 


. W. M. 


New Hop. church me, : in council Dee. 7 ■^"jg'-J 
were eleced; Elder ^ M. L ughrun .ecre^ary, H 
Messenger agent, the Aid society , B P „ innin g Dec. 8. Bro. 

D. C. Morrell; the writer, correspondent, neg » Coming ol 

Uughrun preached a »rie. of so, sermon, on , he S, ond^Lon. z^ 
Christ. These were interesting as well as ins.r . 

Many ga.hered a. .he ,o ,om in ., ^ scrt e ( ^ 

! "\rt f'rad Ve.r™There y ».rea T ,: k "ngrand reading,. This 
watch ^crvtbeinV^meSng unusual wi.h the people here w, 1 
Jong he remembe,ed 8 -Mrs. Mary K. Clark,, Tenn., Jan. 8. 


r if,,^las church met in council Dee. 30 and the officers 
Falfumas church me. Whi.chcr; Bro. Geo 

were elected; Elder. L. V. rager, . president ol 

Fage,. Sunday.sch.ool supc.ntendent Olive "»'''"■ " ff in , 
Christian Worker,. Thanksgiving £-«,''*,;,,,, 
$16.70 for missions; the Christmas oncring . * n also on 

Anderson ol Wyoming gave u. the message Christmas Day. «"° «" 
1 Sunday following;. Both ™ a 'gJ£^?JZl „ . "S 
much encouraged since two more lamiues nan in h , a1 . b r u , 

ml,. 0,1,.., are looking .hi, «ay toward a mild and 
climate -Emma T. Whislcr, Fallurnas. Texas, Jan. B. 

^ S t. P wThavl.°'fine y g ru'up J young people who am showing 
much interest. They organi.ed their Sundayschool class on Dec. 
29 We wish to extend a hearty invitation to an 
ma. be touring through our country to stop with . 
Hubbard, Miami, Texas, Jan. 11. 

„, . i,„, „.„„,-, n n met Ian 11 in council and effected 

™™«iHE €rL A ^,^;.schr -= 

intendent- Lois Cannaday. church correspondenl Various problems 
ol the chu"h were also discussed. W, had closed Sunday-school 
for .he but we unanimously decided to reopen immediate y. 
The future work of .he church looks brigh. and «e are «"»«''» 
working and praying for .he pro.peri.y ol our church.-Lo.s Canna- 
day, Willis, Va.. Jan. 13. 


M.,g.n,ow„._The chu,.h me, in council Jan. 2 when .he ^followinB 

officers were reelected; Bro. Hamstcad, pastor and elder, church 
clerk, Robert Sterner; M. M. Harris, Messenger agent; the wrner. 
correspondent; Sunday-school superintendent, J. M. Spiecher. BrO ( 
Hamsiead wa authoriaed to .ccure an evangelist to hold a «r,es ol 

Z< TL *Sf or,b fi e";„u^hoLr= b "„ w S aTdeciS d ,h.?S 

Oueen Esther class gave a Thanksgiving program and an °B« ln b 
S% was ^ taken. This church has given to .he Mission Board $32 for 
home missions and $22 for foreign missions. The young P««J« {j" 1 . 
a program on Christmas eve which was enjoyed by all. The workers 
conference of teachers and officers mee.S the first Tuesday in each 
month for a business session and program; teachers meeting every 
Friday evening; Ladies' Aid. every Thursday afternoon .n the home 
of the pastor.-Mrs. Samuel Hayes, Morganiown. W. Va., Jan. 13. 

Sa.em.-Eld. Jeremiah Thomas met with us Jan. 4 in a business 
meeting and the following officers were elected: Clerk, Jas. Thomas, 
Messenger agent. Jeremiah Thomas. We decided to hold our pro- 
tracted meeting some time in August; also to use the envelope sys- 
tem this year to raise money to carry on the' work of the church. 
Clifton Sunday- school met in the home 1 of Bro. Geo. E. Wolfe Jan. 
S We are studying how to make our school moTe progressive the 
coming year.-Wm. C. Wolfe, Clifton Mills, W. Va„ Jan. 8. 
Stanley-Eld. D. D. Funderburg met with the church Jan. 5 and 
nave us a very helpful sermon. Afterward we held a members' 
meeting. Our pastor. Bro. F. M. Hollenhcrg, will be leaving us June 
1 and we took up the matter of securing some one to take his place. 
We decided unanimously to have Bro. O. L. Harley from Amberg, 
who will have charge of all three churchcs-Wordcn, Maple Grove 
and Stanley.— Mrs. Jacob Winkler, Stanley, Wis-., Jan. 13. 

, n inn nm nun nun in iiin nn I ' M 
Character Builders* Club 

By Josephine Hanna 
Rich in thought for young and old alike. 

. it. :t a book of Modern Proverbs. Helplul 

EL? Xlesom^oSi Winger says. "It is a good 

With each hook purchased the following paper 
bound books are sent FREE: "In Hi. Step., 
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Heart of the Crimson Cross " 

arc the words of Eliza- 
beth R. Blougb. Many 
are now reading this 
new Red Cross Peace 
Story which reveals the 
ambition of young people 
who arg determined to 
make this a better and 
a warleas world. Dr. 
Henry's tour of the bat- 
tle fields enabled him to 
give local color to many 
of the incidents he de- 
scribes. Publisher's 
price, $2.50. Special price 
to Messenger reader,, 

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The Gospel Messenger 

Vol. 79 

Elgin, 111., February 1, 1930 

10; Luke 11: Z 

No. 5 

In This Number 

Tin I — 


What Makes the Whole Gospel Whole 

The Root of Missionary Motive ^ 

When Business Confidence Revives M 

Now You Can Interpret Facts •■••■• ?2 

Ar.irr.g the Churches ' !, 3 

Around the World n 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 

General Forum— 

Th^SS. E,=* ; . o( the Ch ;i .ia„ F^g^r.x B, J. M Blo-sl,. » 

A t„ P l",™.. io,™ Al.«r Three M.n.h,' Re,u,„ .. Chi»,. By ^ 
Minor M. Myers -„ 

Lis Pray. 

i Women's Deficit Campaign 
Depend on Us. By Ada Pi 

Looking Forward. 
Pastor and People — 
Peter, a Coward a 
Bits of Brothcrlin 
The Gist oi the S 

Home and Family— 
My Prayer (Pi 

By Mrs. Wm. J- Wadsworth, Jr. 

ro. By H. S. Will, , 

Paul F. Bechtold, 
By D. W. Kurtz, .." 

By Marth 
Sarah the Doubter. By Leo Li 
Too Busy. By Lula R. Tinkle. 
New Lives for Old. By H. A. 



What Makes the Whole Gospel Whole 

Whittiee was nearly right, but not quite. The sad- 

dest words are not, " It might have been." These are 
sad enough, God knows, almost crushingly sad some- 
times. But still sadder are the words : " It might be, 
but never will." 

The glorious dream could be a reality. The oppor- 
tunity is at our door. To spurn it, to let the golden fu- 
ture pass us by, the future that might soon be our pres- 
ent but will not because we refuse to lay hold of it — 
that is a sadder thing than anything that can not now 
be changed. 

This can be changed. Let's change it. Let's seize 
this " might be " with a firm determined grip and turn 
it into an " is becoming." Let's take this fine- whole 
gospel plea which has been characteristic of us from 
Schwarzenau down, and fill it with a new and richer 
meaning. We can do it. That is why the very thought 
of not doing so is so exceedingly sad. We must not let 
this tragedy occur. There is no need of it. We can 
do the nobler thing in this critical juncture of our 
church life and of the world life all around us. We 
can recover this beautiful whole gospel idea and put 
new life in ft, new power in it. 

That would be following the example of Jesus ex- 
actly. It was his way to take old familiar words and 
thought forms and enrich their content. There was 
the kingdom of God, for a conspicuous illustration. 
What a marvelous transformation was wrought in that 
idea under the magic touch of his skilled hand ! The 
sway of the mighty tyrant wreaking bloody vengeance 
on his enemies and holding all mankind in a tamed 
subjection of trembling fear became the gentle rule of 
the Christ spirit in the friendly fellowship of human 
souls. There was the law, too, another awesome thing, 
almost terrible in the interminable length and number 
of its statutes. -Some thought he was destroying it, or 
trying to. He was only filling it full, he said. And the 
thing he filled it with was love, so that the law became 
the law of love, and by that token also the law of life. 
So the Japanese Kagawa has found out, even if many 
Americans with much longer Christian antecedents 
have not. 

That is what we must do with this whole gospel we 
have talked about so much. We must make it really 
The worst obstacle is that ever present enemy of 

Christian progress, just plain worldliness, the fascina- 
tion of carnal pleasures above the more solid comforts 
of the spirit. But that is strangely and powerfully re- 
enforced by our constricted notion of the whole gos- 
pel. The gospel we have had in mind in our common 
use of that term is a long way from whole, hardly half. 
What we have meant by the " all things " of the 
Great Commission is all the ordinances, those things 
which Elder A found so scantily and unsatisfactorily 
treated in the Messenger editorials. These are the 
symbols of the true content of the whole gospel. The 
tragedy is that we should think we have the whole 
gospel when we have the symbols, and have not real- 
ized what a small beginning we have made in applying 
them to life. Those symbols stand for great ideas, 
sonship with God and brotherhood with men. The 
sonship for which they stand is spiritual kinship, the 
most intimate likeness conceivable between the human 
spirit and the Spint of God. We are baptized into 
the £ name," the being, the character, the essence, the 
self, of God. That is, we are if we are. The brother- 
hood for which these symbols stand is a mutual fellow- 
ship of spirits which have partaken of the divine na- 
ture. They not only love each other but they love eich 
other with and in the love of God. That lifts it far 
above the godless brotherhood which Russia is vainly 
trying to establish, and which certain humanistic phi- 
losophers are setting out as the ideal religion. 

It is the cherishing of these ideals, and nothing less 
than this, that will make our whole gospel plea worthy 
of the name. The whole gospel is the whole truth 
Which is implicit in these holy rites, and the practice of 
'the whole gospel means Irving this truth in the whole 
range of human experience, in all our human contacts. 
That means the practice of godlike love, Christlike if 
that is easier to understand, in our buying and selling, 
in our investments and speculations, in our employing 
and laboring, in our borrowing and lending, in our tax 
paying and law making, in our loss taking and profit 
sharing, in our homes and stores and clubs and court- 
houses and everywhere and everything. The practice 
of the whole gospel doctrine is making love the law 
of the whole life. Such a program is not the achieve- 
ment of a'day nor of a year nor of a generation. It is 
an ideal to be cherished in the heart, a goal to be kept 
constantly in the foreground of our faith and practice. 
This is the point we are trying to make. It has never 
gotten into our church consciousness that this is what 
the whole gospel means. It is high time that it should 
get there. It can. It must. Lest " It might be " come 
to be remembered only as another "It might have 

The root of that desire is love, the love that God is, 
the love that Christ showed him to be. That's why 
you've got to be a missioner, a herald of the great 
evangel, a sharer of God with others. 

The Root of Missionary Motive 

Speaking of the missionary motive, a discerning 
writer says : " Our true and compelling motive lies in 
the very nature of the God to whom we have given our 
hearts. Since he is love, his very nature is to share." 
Most assuredly. We have learned about him through 
Christ and having seen him in Christ " we find in our- 
selves an overmastering impulse to share him with 

That is it precisely. And if we do not find that over- 
mastering impulse there, the inference is inevitable that 
we have not found Christ. We have not given our 
hearts to the God who was revealed in Christ. 

If we really do have fellowship with God, the Christ- 
like God, we can not rest until we have done our best 
to bring others into that fellowship. The missionary 
motive is the evangelistic motive. They are one and 
the same thing. That thing is the desire to share the 
choicest thing that one can have, life hid with Christ 
in God, life lived in partnership with God. 

When Business Confidence Revives 

We suppose every right minded person was glad for 
the interest shown by President Hoover in restoring 
business confidence when the bottom fell out of the 
stock market. His conferences with industrial leaders, 
the promises not to cut wages on the one side and not 
to strike for higher wages on the other, the new proj- 
ects involving the expenditure of vast sums of money, 
the special efforts to boost both production and con- 
sumption in many lines— all this looks good to a people 
who have so completely fallen in love with prosperity 
as have Americans. 

We rather like it, too, we must confess, and yet there 
is something about it that almost frightens us. We 
wonder whether greater and greater inducements to 
make us buy more things is going to strengthen our 
moral fiber, whether higher powered salesmanship of 
radios and cars and automatic toasters is going to deep- 
en our appreciation of truth and beauty and goodness, 
whether, in short, it is all going to make us love God 
more, or less. 

In our opinion the answer to this depends on how 
alert the leadership of the church is to the responsi- 
bility created by these conditions. Hard times, finan- 
cial panics, adversities of various kinds are necessary 
for our highest good, only because we are "so stupid. 
We ought not to need them. Prosperity in material 
things, instead of luring us into satisfaction with them 
to the neglect of the higher values, ought to free us for 
more constant and more intensive devotion to these 
higher values. We should have the more time and 
strength to " think on these things." And to pursue 
them with greater wholeness of heart. 

Let's do it, preachers, teachers, officers, leaders of 
whatever rank or sphere of ministry, let's do it so ear- 
nestly and manifestly that it will be easy to persuade 
the whole membership to go along. 

Now You Can Interpret Facts 

The other day we found somebody stating for us 
what we already knew to be true, but it did us good 
anyway to see it in print. It's about science, and if it 
does not interest you just pass it by. It should, how- 
ever, interest all 'those who know just a little about 
science and have heard many disquieting rumors. This 
is it : " Science is today engaged in a revolutionary re- 
versal of itself. By this it is not meant that science now 
denies facts which it has laboriously and patiently dis- 
covered in nature, but it is putting a wholly new inter- 
pretation upon these facts and its method of finding 

That is something to ponder over after supper, al- 
though just before breakfast is a still better time. Sci- 
ence is becoming more willing to admit that facts do 
need interpretation, that man can not live by facts 
alone. ,He must feed sometimes upon the meaning of 
them if he would keep from starving. And they do 
have meaning. There is a reason for them. And to be 
allowed to think upon that meaning without losing 
caste is surely grand. Now you can go out on a clear 
cold night and look up at the stars and wonder not only 
what they are but wherefore. This you can do now by 

gracious permission 

of the scientists and still be intel- 

lectually respectable. 

Can it be possible that science itself may some day 
venture the bold conjecture that the universe has a 





When I was young and said my prayers 

Close pressed to mother's knee, 
I did not wonder if God heard 

The drowsy, lisping plea. 

But when grown older and alone 
I kneeled beside my bed, 

I often wondered if God heard 
The halting words I said. 

And then there came in time of stress 

A bounteous release 
From sorrow and bewilderment 

Through spirit healing peace. 

Illumined, bathed in ecstasy, 

I kneeled in thankful praise 
To hear God gently speak to me : 

"I hear, beloved . . . always." 

Vancouver, Wash. 

■ • ■ 

" Outward Bound " 

(First of a «=ri" oi travel talt. on a recent eniise of the Mediter- 
ranean, including a tone of the Holy Land.) 

" They that go down to the sea in ships, 
That do basiness in great waters ; 
These see the works of Jehovah. 
And his wonders in the deep" (Psa. 107:23-24). 

It is the breezy morning of Feb. the 14th and pier 60, 
New York harbor, is alive with intense activity. The 
famous cruising vessel, the S. S. Calgaric of the White 
Star Line, lies quietly anchored in the murky waters of 
North River. Across the broad pier is surging a color- 
ful pageant of humanity. At the big iron gate they are 
falling in line for the examination of steamer tickets 
and final O. K. of passports before marching up the 
gang plank. Baggage of every description is moving in 
one continuous procession up the incline to the deck. 
Suddenly two deep blasts of the steamer whistle give 
the signal to go forward.. This is a final warning that 
preparations for the journey are complete, and the time 
of our departure at hand. Immediately stalwart sailor 
lads in blue draw in the heavy anchor ropes, the gang 
planks are pulled up, the big hatchways are closed. 
Slowly, almost unawares, we drift forward, away from 
the pier, breaking the hundreds of colored confetti rib- 
bons joining the jolly passengers on deck to hundreds 
of loved ones left behind. With mingled feelings, 
laughter and tears alternating, we wave a hearty good- 
bye to friends and to America, and in response hundreds 
of white kerchiefs signal back to us " bon voyage." A 
little giant tug boat pulls us down the watery avenue, 
past the old battery, swinging us around on the 
bosom of the river, then slowing up a bit to drop off the 
harbor pilot the Calgaric steams under her own power 
for the open highway of the great sea. 

We are outward bound. A sudden seriousness 
sweeps across the deck and strange feelings creep into 
one's consciousness. Watery spaces of ever increas- 
ing proportions now separate us from home, and 
friends, and country. Before we are aware we have 
passed the famous Statue of Liberty and the sharp steel 
prow of our speeding vessel is plowing high the slate- 
colored waters of the mighty deep. We sense the 
vibrations of the powerful turbines at work below, and 
the triple screw propellers are doing their best to drive 
this " floating palace of the sea " eastward. Night 
approaches, darkness gathers mysteriously all about us. 
Biting winds from the north sweep down in terror 
across the watery plains and roll up the blackness about 
us to dangerous heights. An occasional tidal wave 
rushes in against our ship, sending its angry crest 
breaking in fury over the decks. Our safety rests with 
the captain and the great God who made sea and land. 
Our ship is tossed about by the rolling of the restless 
sea, and after the long hours of night draw on a cer- 
tain fear is reflected in the faces of many who have 
never experienced a storm at sea. Many were the si- 
lent petitions offered up to the supreme Master of the 
sea. We are outward bound and for five days and 

nights our boat is tossed about, rocked on the r stless 
bosom of the mighty cradle of the deep. At least 85% 
of our party suffer the nausea of sea sickness. Even 
hardened seafaring sailors wish for calmer seas. 

We are outward bound. The long, day-dream of 
boyhood's expanding years is now to become a happy 
reality To actually cross the ocean, to sail the his- 
toric waters of the blue Mediterranean, to Visit the an- 
cient capitals where art, religion, and history had their 
begmning-this is the secret longing of thousands. To- 
d,y the worries, the uncertainties, dangers, tra.n sched- 
ules unsanitary conditions, baggage transfers, are 
largely eliminated where a cruise ship is chartered and 
one lump sum is paid the travel agency for the com- 
plete journey before leaving home. Thousands o 
Americans go each year to see the beauty spots of 
Europe and visit the historic shrines of ancient civi- 
lizations. The lure of the old world draws one with an 
irresistible pull. This year a larger army of students 
and tourists will invade the quaint civilizations of the 
east than in any previous like period of time. 

We are outward bound on the S. S. Calganc-the 
famous English vessel noted for her cruise journeys to 
the West Indies. South Africa, the Mediterranean, and 
the Land of the Midnight Sun. Built in Belfast in 
1917 and equipped with heavy guns, the ship was used 
as a trooper during the Great War. Her gross tonnage 
is 16 300 tons, and it takes 73 tons to lower the ship 
one inch in water. The ship is 600 feet long by 70 feet 
wide, and has a capacity for 1.900 passengers. We car- 
ried 1,850 life jackets, 28 life boats, 28 rafts, two 
steamer launches. The turbines register 8,450 h. p., 
and are capable of driving our -boat 15 to 20 miles per 
hour. The Calgaric is not a speedy boat like the 
Mauretania or the Majestic, but since high speed costs 
more money and the big vessels are too large for many 
ports, we are satisfied. The reader may be interested 
in the ship's supplies. Notes taken from the Chief 
Steward's records show that we carried : 6 tons of 
beef, 3 tons mutton, 2,000 lbs. pork, a ton of bacon, 
3.60(5 lbs. of ham, five tons poultry, one ton ducklings, 
9^000 lbs. fish, 7,500 lbs. clams, 160 cases apples, 160 
cases grapefruit, 160 cases oranges, one and one-half 

If Christians Could Know Themselves 


Have you ever asked yourself who you are, your 
purpose of being in this world, and where you are go- 
ing ? We who know the Lord seldom take time off from 
the mad rush of these modern times to really try to dis- 
cover our identity. If we would only stop to consider, 
Jesus has most wonderfully helped us in the discover- 
ing of ourselves. Consider what he said to his disciples 
one summer afternoon on the Mount of Beatitudes. 
He told his disciples, and all who follow him : " Ye are 
the light of the world/' 

Yes, we are the light of the world, for certainly we 
hold tile torch of our Savior and this is to lighten the 
pathway of all with whom we come in contact. When 
we are no longer able to bear the torch it must be 
thrown to others. 

Brethren, we need to know and realize who we are, 
our purpose in being here and whither we are bound. 
We need to see ourselves, not bowed down by the 
weight of sin arid bound for ruin, but rather made 
free from the burden of sin through the power of 
Christ, and thus bound for the eternal reward of those 
who follow him. We need to see ourselves, not in the 
gloom and darkness of dark despair, but rather in the 
light which gleams through the clouds of doubt. " Ye 
are the light of the world." If we recognize ourselves 
in the proper light, undoubtedly we will be recognized 
by others. We are to be like a city set on a hill that 
can not be hidden. We should be like the lighthouse 
that sheds its beams to yonder ship struggling in the 
midst of the storm, that it may be guided safely into 
the harbor. There are souls who need our light, who 
are in danger of being lost unless our Christian lives 
shall shine forth to guide them aright. May we let 
our light shine until every dark corner shall see the 
glorious light of Jesus. 
McPherson, Kans. 

tons cabbage; 200 dozen lettuce, 50 bags onions, 30 
tons potatoes, 3 tons turnips, two tons carrots one and 
one-fourth tons butter, 150 cases eggs, 6° gallons 
cream, 1.000 gallons of milk, 280 lbs. yeast 4.500 lbs. 
flour, 3,000 qts. ice cream, 4,000 lbs. jam 1 gallon, 
pickles, 1,300 lbs. cheese, 2,500 lbs. salt, 300 lbs. coffee 
2 700 lbs tea, 14,000 lbs. sugar, 700 cans condensed 
milk 15 000 gallons fresh water, 3.400 tons coal with 
1 760 tons to be added at Gibraltar and 1,4TJ0 tons at 
Naples. The ship also carried 352 kegs of lager bee, 
of which a comparatively small amount was consumed. 
which was a keen disappointment to the bar officials to 
be sure There was considerable drinking of and 
smoking of cigarettes in the saloon. The menus offered 
were of a wide variety and were served in tasty gen- 
erous quantities. State rooms are located on five decks, 
the ship being elaborately furnished with rich 
furniture, elevator, laundry, library, gymnasium, swim- 
ming pool, tennis courts, deck games, electee fans and 
a forced ventilation system. 

Outward bound across the mysterious Atlantic! We 
recall interesting Greek mythology and thrilling mari- 
time history at the mention of the name, Atlantic. Here 
the fabled Garden of Hesperides was located by the an- 
cients The Phoenicians and Portuguese kept close to 
shore because in these mysterious waters great sea 
monsters moved about. We are sailing over water, 
made memorable as the great highway of civilization 
westward. Across these watery latitudes came the en- 
slaved and discouraged peoples of Europe seeking the 
freedom and blessings of a new home in the land o 
liberty They followed the uncharted path westward 
of that bold Genoan who set sail Aug. 3, 1492, on the 
most memorable voyage in the history of the world. In 
after years across these same waters came the culture, 
the art the religion, the music, the.customs, and the 
institutions of our mother countries. Today we are 
retracing the pathway of the Pilgrim fathers. We are 
not searching for new trade routes or new continents, 
new liberties, new freedom in worship; we are going 
back over the footsteps of progress ; tracing the nation, 
across the centuries by the silent and magnificent ruins 
along die way. Today there is no fear of sea monsters, 
or of slipping off the edge of the world, as we sail the 
deep in this modern palace of the sea. 

We are eastward bound to journey the highways of 
once famous civilizations ; to tread the age-worn foot- 
paths by sacred mountains ; to pause in pathetic silence 
before forsaken shrines; to pass the sacred tombs of 
the revered prophets and rulers of old; to walk through 
miles of shattered temples and palaces and to see in the 

i Page 74) 

Worship in the Worship Program 

IV. The Spiritual Procedure in Worahip 

/ The Cycle of Experience in Worship. 

' Before discussing the elements of the worship serv- 
ice it is necessary to trace the path of spiritual pro- 
cedure There is a natural cycle of experience which 
the soul follows in worship. This cycle is the Vision 
of the Glory of God, Humility in the Presence of God. 
Vitality of the Soul through Communion with God, Il- 
lumination of the Truth of God, and Dedication of 
Life to His Cause. 

The sixth chapter of Isaiah illustrates in a beautiful 
way these experiences in worship. There was first pro- 
duced in the mind of the prophet a vision of the glory 
of God. " In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw 
the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and 
his train filled the temple. Above him stood the sera- 
phim: each one had six wings; with twain he covered 
his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with 
twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, 
Holy, Holy, Holy, is Jehovah of hosts; the whole earth 
is full of his glory." 

This vision of God's glory and holiness produced a 
feeling of great humility. As Isaiah stood in the di- 
vine presence, he became conscious of his own sinful- 
ness and cried out : " Woe is me ! for I am undone ; be- 
cause I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the 
midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1930 


seen the King, Jehovah of Hosts." This prayer of 
humility was produced by his vision of God. 

After the prophet went through the valley of humili- 
ty and forgiveness, he received divine vitality and soul 
strength. " Then flew one of the seraphim unto me. 
having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with 
the tongs from off the altar: and he touched my mouth 
with it, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips ; and 
thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin forgiven." 
This prayer was answered in renewed spiritual energy. 
Having received strength of soul, Isaiah lingered in 
the presence of God, eager to learn what more he could 
about his truth. Like Peter he would gladly have re- 
mained upon the mountain top. The Father spoke to 
him, and the purposes of God were illuminated. " And 
I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I 
send, and who will go for us?" 

Finally, this prophet who had had a vision of God's 
glory, who had received divine strength through com- 
munion with God, and who had had the purposes of 
God made plain to him, dedicated his life to holy 
achievements. " Then I said, Here am I ; send me." 
This is the cycle of experience which the soul follows 
in worship. 
_>. A Suggested Order of Worship. 

(a) For a church with a musical instrument. 

Call to Worship 
Gloria Patri 
Hymn of Praise 
Hymn of Prayer 
Scripture Lesson 
Pastoral Prayer 
Hymn of Conviction 
Offertory {with prayer) 

Story Sermon for Children 

Hymn of Dedication 
(b) For a church without a musical instrument. 
Call to Worship 
Hymn of Praise 
Hymn of Prayer 
Scripture Lesson 
Pastoral Prayer 
Hymn of Conviction 
Offering {with prayer) 
Story Sermon to Children 

Hymn of Dedication 
1. Carrying the Cycle of Experience Through the 
Service of Worship. 

The first elements of a worship service are all de- 
signed to produce vision. The call to worship, hymn of 
praise, and invocation make us conscious of God and 
help us center our attention upon him. They present 
his glory and majesty. The invocation should truly be 
a prayer of adoration. 

After we are made conscious of God, we feel humble 
because of our sins. Our hearts burst forth in prayer. 
The hymn of prayer expresses the deepest feelings of 
the soul. The scripture lesson is God speaking to us. 
It helps to make us want to pray. The pastoral prayer 
should express to our Heavenly Father these deep feel- 
ings on the part of the people. It should voice the need 
for forgiveness and the desire for divine help. 

Out of this experience of prayer, we receive spir- 
itual vitality. This feeling -should be expressed in a 
hymn of conviction which sets forth God's love, his un- 
limited blessings and his wonderful character. The 
anthem should also express a deep conviction. 

Having received soul strength, we linger in the pres- 
ence of God and his truth is made plain. The sermon 

should be an illumination of the truth of God. It ought 
to set forth the purposes of God and our part in the 
fulfillment of these purposes. 

In the light of God's revealed purposes, we conse- 
crate our lives to his cause. Every service of worship 
should close with a hymn of dedication. The goal of 
our worship is the commitment of life to the will of 


A service of worship of this type can be carried on 
in both large and small churches. It can be adjusted to 
a church with a musical instrument or to one without a 
musical instrument. The important thing is that we 
spend more time in developing our worship services. I 
shall discuss the elements of the worship service in the 
next article. 
Elgin, III 

The Greatest Enemy of the Christian Program 


The Christian program seeks the redemption of the 
world its highest good in this life as well as in the life 
to be It seeks to set right what sin has made wrong. 
When Jesus read the first part of Isaiah LXI in the 
synagogue of Nazareth he set forth what this program 
is and what it purposes to do. Why has this program 
not been carried out in these nineteen hundred years. 
Why are millions of the poor still waiting to hear the 
good tidings which Christians have to preach? Why 
have the captives not been released? And why has the 
acceptable year of the Lord not been proclaimed to the 
ends of the earth? 

What is this great enemy which hinders the carrying 
out of this program in this age of ours? Men used to 
think that the existence of other religions was the cause 
which prevented the spread of the Christian religion 
through the world. But it seems now that the final 
conflict will not be between Christianity and some other 
system of religion, as Mohammedanism or Hinduism 
or Buddhism, but between Christ and somethmg else. 
The greatest enemy of true religion is not some other 
religion, but the lack of religion. Or if you call it re- 
ligion it is the worship of the material world. Matenal- 
is°,n is the great enemy of the Christian program today. 
The great conference of church and missionary lead- 
ers which met in Jerusalem at Easter of 1928 recog- 
nized this fact and gave expression to- it. Basil 
Mathews in reporting the conference m his book, 
•'Roads to the City of God," writes: Matenahs ,c 
civilization is being spread over the whole planet by the 
West And this materialism is discovered to be the en- 
emy not only of the Christian religion but of rehg.on 

as a whole, corrosive for the most part of the whole re- 
ligious attitude to life. Not science, not invention, not 
commerce in themselves, but the materialism that con- 
trols them is the enemy." Again, " This monstrous 
hydra-headed menace of materialism loomed, for the 
Council, above all other enemies." 

Materialism is world-wide, no country is free of it, 
but it is most flagrant in the West where it is supported 
by a false philosophy of fife and where it grows apace 
in our highly industrialized civilization. The shame of 
it is that it flourishes best today in what we used to 
call Christian countries. But we know now that no 
country is Christian ; the West itself must be included 
in the mission fields of the world. " Ye can not serve 
God and mammon." The West is worshiping the god 
of riches, luxury, pleasure and amusement. Material- 
ism is the blight of Western Christianity. Many church 
members worship the god of this world rather than the 
God of heaven; they seek the material rather than the 
spiritual; by their actions they deny the Christ whom 
they confessed at their baptism; their lives seem to 
say: " Let us eat, drink and be merry." 

As we go up and down through this world and see 
the mad rush of human beings to secure material pos- 
sessions which feed their selfish pride, one is reminded 
again and again of the motto which hangs in Bishop s 
House, Calcutta : 

"The angels from their thrones on high 
Look down on us with wondering eye- 
That where we arc but passing guests 

We build such strong and solid nests— 
And where we hope to stay for aye 
We scarce take pains one stone to lay. 

A New Pentecost 

C A railroad train rides into the station on a two- 
rail track that has been laid for it. 
We can make it do that because we know just 
how a railroad train operates. 
We know very much about the laws under 
which trains move. 
C A new Pentecost will not ride in on two steel 
rails or any other kind of rails. 
There is no throttle that the human engineer 
can pull and cause it to move. 
There may be no whistle, far-sounding, that 
will announce its coming. 
When it is near or when it is far we are not 
sure that we can tell. 

The best that we can do is to be at the station, 
prepared for it. when it may choose to come. 
C The Spirit does not move " miles per hour " 
or travel on " schedules." 
It may or may not arrive in 1930; centennials 
mean little to such mighty events. 
That it can come in 1930 or even may come, 
should not be denied. 

It will tarry until we are ready regardless of 
Elgin. III. 

But what of materialism in mission lands? Our 
hearts are sad as we see Western materialism spread 
over the religious East and leave nothing m its course 
but a barren waste religiously. Old beliefs and re- 
ligions are swept away and true religion is not taking 
their place. The result is a worse paganism-agnosti- 
cism atheism. Think of Russia situated on the border 
of mission lands with its propaganda for a godless 
world hating Christ and all religion. What influence 
will that have? One shudders to think of the result 
unless the forces of the living Christ come to the res- 

CU Count Keyserling is quoted as saying: " Western ma- 
terialism is going to convert the so-called spiritual East 
into the greatest future menace to all spirituality. A 
Chinese teacher writes: "Christianity is making in- 
roads upon the other religions from one side; but they 
are suffering a great deal more in the rear from a 
group of new enemies-scientific agnosticism, material- 
istic determinism, political fascism, moral iconoclasm. 
President Mackenzie of Wilson College, Bombay, says: 
" The greatest enemy in student life in the East is secu- 
larism." Again: "I would rather have a man who 
bows down before a daub of red paint or a stone than 
an educated man who has nothing but materialism and 
is satisfied with it." President .Watson of Cairo Uni- 
versity says that the Moslem world is bemg greatly 
affected by the secularism and atheism of Christ an 
lands; that it has produced an indifference to worship 
so that their five daily prayers are reduced to one ; that 
cotton is their god and the pound sterling his apostle. 
Japan is rapidly being industrialized and seculanz d. 
The Japanese realize that they can have secular civiliza- 
tion without Christianity and they are getting it. 

Our Western civilization is materialistic and _ anti- 
religious. Materialism in its numerous forms is the 
great enemy of the Christian program and is spreading 
fan Mly throughout the world. We find it inside the 
church as well as outside. There is an attempt to wor- 
ship M on Sunday and the god of materialism the 
rest of the week. Here is the cause of cold and life- 
less churches, of mission deficits and retrenchments on 
mission fields. This is the reason why millions of 
Cod's children have not heard the evangel and toe, 
are still languishing in dark spiritual prisons. Awake 
"(JriJ dethrone this enemy who ru les with such 
mighty power in our beloved land, and exalt the God of 
heaven to whom you have sworn alleg,ance. 
Bulsar, Surat, India. 



World Peace in Current Events 


In the movement to achieve world peace our church 
now finds itself confronted by a choice between two 

distinct policies. The one is '° S ' mply « 

definite achievements are made by the nations from 
time to time, and then gradually acquaint our member- 
ship with the progress in world peace winch others 
have succeeded in bringing about. The other policy is 
precisely opposire-i. e„ to assume a marked leadership 
in educating public sentiment on what needs to be ac- 
complished as a tangible and practical means of pro- 
moting world peace, thus helping to pave the way m 
advance for the nations to take the active steps to se- 
cure world peace. 

That our church really prefers to help pave the way 
in advance for actual achievement in world peace there 
is little room for doubt; but that considerable work of 
an educational nature is urgently needed to prepare our 
membership for the leadership which rightfully be- 
longs to our people, and which they are ready and 
anxious to assume, is also apparent. 

Two vital matters in recent current events stand out 
in our minds as lessons which all our members need 
clearly to understand in order to bring us even fully 
abreast of what our own nation has already concretely 
achieved in world peace. First, we need to know why 
it was vitally essential for our nation to bring pressure 
to bear, just when it did, to stop the recent war be- 
tween Russia and China. How many of us actually 
shivered because we realized that the Briand-kellogg 
Peace Treaty was on trial when Russia and China 
were engaged in actual hostilities a short time ago? If 
it had been allowed to fail, and the war between Rus- 
sia and China had been allowed to go on, did we have 
a clear vision of the impending disaster to the cause ot 
world peace? Then London Naval Disarmament Con- 
ference was just coming on. If the Briand-Kellogg 
Peace Treaty had been allowed to lie inactive, as would 
probably have been the case if our own nation, whose 
creation it was, had- taken no action, and war had de- 
veloped farther, what reason could have been urged 
upon the nations at the London Naval Conference to 
reduce armament? The only logical position of the 
nations would have been that if no successful means 
had yet been found for stopping war there would be 
no sound reason for reducing armament. As matters 
now stand, our own nation having put the peace treaty 
into effect and thus stopped a war, the answer must be 
just the opposite. In effect, reason now says to the 
nations at London : " Practically all the nations have 
pledged their sacred honor never to go to war. The 
Briand-Kellogg Peace Treaty has stopped one war and 
the League of Nations has stopped nine, why keep up 
any longer all this expensive armament ? Some of our 
churches helped support the Briand-Kellogg Peace 
Treaty and are entitled to share in its success. Some 
of our churches' also gave their support to the League 
of Nations and deserve to share in its success for 
world peace. Others gave no such aid, doubtless main- 
ly for the want of leadership and instruction. 

The other vital matter in recent current events which 
all our members need to clearly understand in order 
to bring us fully abreast of the movement for world 
peace is that of the entry of our own nation into the 
World Court. Why did President Hoover instruct our 
officials to sign the protocol making the United States a 
member of " the World Court just when he did ? Sup- 
pose our President had not taken this action prior to 
the London Naval Conference! Would our delegates 
then have been in position to take the leadership in urg- 
ing the other nations to reduce armament? Would not 
the logic of the situation have stood out against reduc- 
tion of armament, and particularly against our own na- 
tion's taking any leadership in the matter? Would not 
the thought of the delegates of the other nations have 
run somewhat as follows : " When the United States 
talks of peace she uses words ; but when she speaks of 
armaments she uses actions " ? Since President Hoover 
directed our adherence to the World Court our actions 
have been speaking louder than words, somewhat as 
follows : " We have renounced the instrument of war, 

and have adopted the instrument of peace— the \\ orld 
Court What reason is there for keeping up all these 
obsolete vessels of war? Let us reduce our armament 
and by so doing advance farther on the road to world 

Some of our churches have supported the World 
Court Others have not, and thus have not yet earned 
a share in its blessings. But the work of our nation s 
entry into the World Court is not yet completed, there 
must yet be ratification by the United States senate, 
and every citizen has the right, if not the duty, to voice 
his sentiment to his senator either m favor of the 
World Court or in opposition to it. Shall we lead or 
follow in the work for world peace? 

Bethany. III. ^- 

A Few Impressions After Three Months' 
Return to China 

Back in China 

Naturally upon our return to China and Shansi 
we were watching to note changes in conditions and in 
the attitude of people since we left, more than three 
years ago. Knowing that the revolution had taken 
place, and that the evacuation of missionaries was 
caused during this time, no one would or could expect 
to find everything the same. 

Whatever had been the attitude of the Chinese gen- 
erally toward foreigners during our absence (and we 
know it was not always commendable), we were highly 
gratified and more than glad to see the marked friendli- 
ness of the people from the time we landed on Chinese 
soil. On our way interior under most crowded travel- 
ing conditions several persons went out of their way to 
treat us kindly and all of us appreciated it very much. 
And on a-riving in Taiyuan our close friends called to 
welcome us. and acquaintances did not pass us by un- 
recognized. While there is-not the outward expression 
of high esteem and eagerness to make your acquaint- 
ance on the part of some as was evidenced ten years 
ago, there is all that we should expect in way of regard 
and consideration. 

The General Situation 

As can readily be seen from the daily papers, there 
is much political unrest in China. A general dissatis- 
faction with one or more of the Nanking government 
leaders prevails in many parts of the country, particu- 
larly with Chairman Chiang Kai-shek, because of his 
high-handed treatment of his political and military al- 
lies, even cruel manner of dealing with his political op- 
ponents, and because of his extravagant expenditure of 
government money without making a report of receipts 
and expenses. Then there is the natural strong oppo- 
sition of those job seekers who are not favored, and 
those who once had military power and prestige, but 
now have neither. 

Most people who are able to judge at all would agree 
that the Nanking government has some very capable 
men in responsible positions, and better ones would be 
difficult to find. Quite different from China's past rul- 
ers and those of most countries, they are all young men, 
under fifty years of age, hence.lack the wisdom and ex- 
perience that come with years. Mistakes are made. 
But no group of men would be satisfactory to all of 
China at this stage of the development of the republic's 
life. And neither could one who is at all acquainted 
with history expect to have political quiet and tranquil- 
lity so soon after the revolution. At least it was not 
so with other countries experiencing great changes in 
their national life. 

The cost of living also impressed me, as it has very 
greatly increased in three years. For some things have 
doubled in price. Part of this is due to a general in- 
crease over the whole country, and part of it is due to 
the terrible famine conditions west of us in the ad- 
joining provinces. Conservative reports estimate two 
million must die, while other millions may be saved if 
help is given soon. Lack of highways and railroads 
into these stricken areas makes the transporting of 
supplies not only expensive but very difficult and slow. 
It is thought some parts of Shansi will need help when 
spring comes. The poor suffer nruch during these 

The Government'. Demand, and Hope, in Education 

One is impressed with the serious determination of 
the government authorities to supervise all of their pri- 
mary and secondary education. Insistence with pres- 
sure is brought to bear upon all private educational in- 
stitutions that they register with the government and 
comply with her regulations. This has been a Request 
for several years, but it has become a demand now, and 
a pressing one. Connected with it are weighty prob- 
lems for missions in China conducting schools, espe- 
cially primary schools, because of the regulations to be 
complied with. More freedom is allowed colleges and 
high schools, but regulations for primary schools state 
that religion in no form, on the curriculum or volun- 
tary-can be taught in the schools. That means even 
for mission schools, that religious instruction would 
have to be provided outside the school if it is provided 
at all. Hence there is divided opinion among missions 
and within missions working in China as to the wis- 
dom of registering the schools. If they are not regis- 
tered they will be forced to close. Our own mission 
workers are .praying for wisdom that we may decide 
for the best interests of our Lord's kingdom. 

Evangelistic Work 

From what I am told the rural evangelistic work has 
not been affected so much by disturbing influences like 
the city work, where more people can read and keep 
abreast of what is going on in the country at large. 

Here in Taiyuan the work is more difficult than when 
I left three and a half years ago. During this time three 
or four new churches have started work in the city. Part 
of this number split off from churches already here. 
Others have come in from the outside. The sad and 
unfortunate thing about it is that some of these new 
groups claim a monopoly upon Bible interpretation, 
and even channels of salvation, which of course, our 
Lord did not bequeath to any person or group of per- 
sons. It is confusing to the seeker after Christ to be 
told at one church that if he goes over to another 
church " he will go down to hell," and a similar state- 
ment from another church group. And to the more 
intelligent truth seeker it is disgusting and wholly un- 
christian. And to the churches which would like to 
present a solid front for Christ to the non-Christians 
of the city, though they may differ in organization and 
in practice but not in spirit, this attitude is disappoint- 
ing and disheartening. What a pity that professing 
Christians waste and misdirect so much energy and en- 
thusiasm because of limited understanding and wrong 
conceptions of the teaching and spirit of our Lord and 
Master 1 We need to pray and labor that we may be 
more like him, have his mind in us, and learn to love 
one another as he loved us, thus showing to the world 
that we are his disciples. 

There are a number of hopeful signs and many 
things for which to be thankful. Many Chinese Chris- 
tians are studying the status of Christianity in China. 
And they are feeling keenly that real and lasting suc- 
cess of the Christian enterprise depends upon the Chi- 
nese Christians, rather than upon the missionaries. At 
the National Christian Council, which is composed 
mostly of Chinese, a Five Year Evangelistic Cam- 
paign was suggested and is being promoted throughout 
the country, placing the major emphasis of Christian 
missions where it belongs, or upon evangelism. That 
of course means an enrichment of genuine Christian 
experience, as well as added numbers to the new life 
in Christ. And I think on the whole the Chinese Chris- 
tians are more willing to carry responsibility. These 
past few years have brought many of them into more 
vital relationship with their Lord. 

Evil is all about and the power of it is evident/ Lives 
are cramped and dwarfed by sin and obstacles in the 
path of the Christian cause loom large, but we live in 
hope, and work in hope knowing that the love and 
power of God are equal to the most difficult situations 
if his children abide in him. How can we truly be 
Christian and not be hopeful? Our God is triumphant. 
Out of the greatest defeat (death on the cross) Christ 
gained the most wonderful victory the world has ever 

Taiyuan, SKansi, China. 



Let Us Pray! 

i "Century selected by 

E*eerpts from an editorial In The Christ 
Mrt " Edward C. Bixler o( New Windsor, Md. 

On Jan. 21 there convened " in London a Confer- 
ence which holds in its keeping the hope of the world. 
Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan and the United 
States are represented. But every ruler, every legis- 
lator, every thoughtful person in the world will attend 
the conference in spirit. Intricate and unparalleled in- 
stallations of telegraph lines and radio equipment have 
been set up to the very doors of the rooms in which 
the delegates gather, for a waiting world desires in- 
stant knowledge of what transpires. Will the great 
naval nations begin to disarm? Or will the race to- 
ward naval preparedness— the race toward hell— con- 

" Every Christian-minded person in the world will 
watch the conference with sleepless concern. Here is 
humanity's consummate hour of hope! Is there to be 
an arrest of the irrational policy of competitive arma- 
ment? Not only so, but is the process to be turned in 
the opposite direction by the launching of a policy of 
actual reduction of armament? The world now hopes 
not merely for the setting of a limit to which each 
nation may build ; it hopes for a definite reversal of 
naval policy. Such a reversal of policy demands the 
making of an actual start in the revolutionary task of 
unbuilding our huge naval systems. Arrest of com- 
petition is not enough. The existing naval establish- 
ments have been erected on the hypothesis of war. But 
the nations have bound themselves, in the peace pact, 
never again to go to war with one another. A legal 
and moral revolution has already taken place. A revo- 
lution in practical policy must follow it. 

" The London Conference ought to open the way to 
this new policy. Herbert Hoover says so. Ramsay 
MacDonald says so. They are only expressing the en- 
lightened public opinion of mankind. The Christian 
churches have been a mighty factor in producing the 
moral and legal revolutions. They sang hallelujah 
when the Pact of Paris was signed making war an in- 
ternational crime. They now have the right to de- 
mand of their governments substantial proof of good 
faith in their renunciation of war. The test of a gov- 
ernment's good faith is its willingness to make a de- 
cisive beginning toward the ultimate reduction of all 
navies to the minimum and justifiable size required 
for ordinary police work along the paths of the world 

"What can the Christian people do now? The an- 
swer is very simple, and it may seem, at first, very con- 
ventional. The Christian people of America can pray 
for the blessing of their God upon the London confer- 
ence. That is all they can do now. The Conference is 
open now. It is on the other side of the sea. We have 
no way of effecting_ contact with it save by prayer. 
But prayer is the mo'st powerful instrument which the 
spirit of man can use. It abolishes distance. It effects 
an entrance where committees and lobbies meet closed 
doors. It gets results by incalculable means. 

" Daily, there will stand at a little microphone in 
London a man who will talk in a low voice telling what 
the conference has done that day. His voice will be 
heard by millions on this side of the great sea. Shall 
not Christian men and women speak to the conference 
through the instrument of prayer ? Which is the great- 
er mystery— prayer or radio? Shall not the prayers of 
humanity asking for relief from the curse of war find 
voice in' these decisive weeks? Who will say that 
there is no power to broadcast such messages— aye, to 
carry them into the very hearts and minds of those who 
sit at the conference table? 

" These words are not intended to be taken mystical- 
ly. Our faith has in it an element of calculation. Let 
us begin where we are, at this editorial desk. The 
thousands of readers of these words are, by a conserva- 
tive estimate, distributed among at least 25.000 
churches. Let us assume an average membership of 
300 persons for each church. Here is a potential prayer 
circle of 7,500,000 Christian people! There is not a 
single reader of these words who could not bring to 
pass in his church an exercise of the instrumentality of 
prayer— private, congregational and in special groups 

—beginning now— involving every member, and con- 
tinuing through all the weeks of the London confer- 

"You are a layman. What can you do? Many 
things, obviously. But the most obvious is this : You 
can call your pastor's attention to his duty and privi- 
lege. A mere word from you will fire his heart with a 
sense of the moral majesty of religion as he leads his 
people to participate through prayer in a world event 
pregnant with vast possibilities of human weal or wbe. 
" You are a minister. Nothing will so lift the re- 
ligious mentality of your people out of the rut of petti- 
ness as to pray with them for the fulfillment of the 
hopes of humanity which hang in the balance at St. 
James Palace in London. Nothing will so greaten your 
ministry in the eyes of your people, and in your own 
esteem, as the consciousness that yours is the kind of a 
job which connects you and them, effectively, with the 
great issues of human destiny. You are not praying in 
a vacuum. You are not merely mouthing pious w.ords. 
You are not trying to prevail on God to do 
something he is unwilling to do. You are trying to do 
your part so that God can get his part done. You are, 
in Dr. Wieman's vivid illustration, closing the circuit 
at that point where you*and your people stand, so that 
the power of God, who is the God of peace, can flow 


"All the days during which the conference is in 
session, should be days of unremitting prayer. What 
we hope for— what we have faith to believe can come 
to pass— is a stirring of the bottom deeps of the 
church's life with the sense of a great crisis, which will 
drive men and women to their knees, and there make 
them agonize before God for the salvation of mankind 
from this curse. 

" Upon every reader we would press home the reality 
of the present crisis. If there is any root of religion as 
a personal responsibility left in us, now is the time to 
cultivate it by personal prayer in closet, in family cir- 
cle, as well as in church. No service should be held— 
no Sunday-school should meet— no young people's so- 
ciety, men's club, women's society, official board meet- 
ing old ladies' quilting bee (if there still are such)— 
no Christian group should be allowed to foregather 
and adjourn, while the London conference is in ses- 
sion, without a prayer to God for the triumph of peace. 
A new vitality can be infused into the mid-week prayer 
service by bringing into it information concerning the 
•progress of the conference and having the prayers 
focus upon London and Washington.--If the prayer 
meeting has been given up, revive it— for there is 
something to pray about ! And if there is no other way 
of making sure that the urgency of prayer takes hold 
upon your community, form a group of your own. and 
let it begin to pray i 

" At the risk of seeming over-didactic, two things 
are suggested, for the sake of securing concerted ac- 
tion : First, that the President of the United States be 
always specifically included in the prayers for the con- 
ference. His was the initiative which prompted it. 
Moreover, our responsibility is first to our own nation 
of which he is head. Secondly, that, at all meetings 
where prayer is made, a consistent and unremitting 
policy be followed of writing to the President assuring 
him that he was remembered, then and there, in prayer, 
and that he is being supported in his endeavor to cut, 
down the armament system of the world. The Spirit 
of God has many ways to bring to bear upon one who 
is a subject of prayer the grace and benefit of the peti- 
tion But there is no surer way than for those who 
pray for him to tell him so! President Hoover is a 
man of prayer, as he himself has beautifully confessed. 
The White House should be showered with letters and 
telegrams from the Christian people of the United 
States from this day on, telling its-Christian occupant 
that our hearts are bearing him up in prayer, and that 
our hands and purposes are in full support of his 

course. . 

" There is nothing new. in principle, about this. 1-or 
fifteen hundred years, ever since the baptism of Con- 
stantine the Christian church has been reinforcing 
governments with its prayers. Even corrupt polices 
of state have had the support, alas, too often, of re- 

ligion. The church— aye, the church of Christ— has 
offered its prayers for centuries to the god of battles. 
We have called the blessing of God upon armies as 
they went forth to kill God's own children ! Christ for- 
give us 1 We knew not what we did ! But now let us 
pray for peace! Let us pray for that which a God 
whom we think of as Father of Jesus must supremely 
desire: the abolition of the implements and the spirit 
of war. 

" It is not often that our editorials take the form and 
tone of an exhortation. We make no apology for it in 
this instance. This is not just an editorial. Its words 
are written with a solemn sense, a trembling, sense of 
the unique moral responsibility with which this journal 
of religion is invested. There is enough moral power 
lodged in the readers of these words, if it were exer- 
cised through prayer, to gird President Hoover with 
such strength, to open before him so clear a path, and 
to equip him with such resources of skill and diplomacy 
and courage that he would be not only brave to lead his 
own people but competent to win all hesitant peoples 
to a course whose taking will surely make an end of 

" Let us pray!" 


Giving in Women's Deficit Campaign 

The latest figures available, or to Jan. 27, are : 

Number of contributions to Women's Deficit Fund 270 

Deficit Fund total 54,317.83 

Depend on Us 


The great-hearted women of the church have heard 
the call. No one who has " eyes to see and ears to 
hear" doubts this fact. Everywhere in the various 
women's organizations there is increased activity. The 
women are talking about the challenge. They are 
praying about raising the money. They are working 
with willing hands to help pay this deficit. 

They feel keenly the greatness of the task but they 
feel even more keenly the joy of working for so noble 
a cause. This is the cause for which Christ lived and 
died ! It is the cause for which even now many of our 
number are facing danger and death in lands far from 

To those on fhe mission fields and to the Mission 
Board the women speak in one voice : " Let not the 
burden of the deficit weigh upon your hearts any 
longer. The deficit must go. We will help you ex- 
change that odious word ' retrench ' for the joyful one 
'expand.' Depend on us!" 

Abilene, Kans. ._»_ 

Looking Forward 


It is a recognized fact in the business world of to- 
day that it is extremely difficult to collect money from 
the installment purchaser. This is due to two primary 
faults which the purchaser alone has m his control. 
The first one is that he often allows too great a lapse 
of time between the purchase of the goods and the fi- 
nal payment. 

It seems quite natural for humans to procrastinate, 
and very often interpret plans or suggestions to mean 
that they may wait as long asjhey choose. If a retail 
house sponsors a long time payment plan, the pur- 
chaser sees no necessity of making regular payments 
between the time of the purchase and the expiration o 
the final payment date. He figures he has plenty of 
timc and there is no need to rush. What has happened 
t0 him in fact, is that he has cooled off. Just before 
he made the purchase he had made up his mind hat he 
had a need for the article he purchased, he further re- 
solved that the enjoyment he would derive through his 
added possession would be sufficient encouragement to 
make regular and adequate payments. But as time 
elapsed his intentions faded from their former impor- 
tant position in his mind and he loathed to carry them 

out. (Continued °° Pi >S e 7b) 



Peter, a Coward and a Hero 

"But he began to curse, and to swear, I know not this 
man of whom ye speak" (Mark 14: -1). 
■We must obey God rather than men" (Acts 3:29). 
•■ I feel two men struggling within me." These are 
word, of Victor Hugo. George Grey Barnard, an 
\merican sculptor, wrote them in stone when he carved 
his statue, entitled " The Two Men." Th.s statue 
stands in the Art Institute in Chicago. It cons.sts of 
two massive figures, the one half-reclining, resting on 
his elbow and extended lengthwise on the base of the 
statue- the other, astride the reclining figure stands .n 
a crouched position perpendicular to the base Con- 
quest and struggle are written clearly on the face of 
each figure. On the base are the above words of Hugo, 
the words that inspired the work: "I feel two men 
struggling within me." 

L P. lacks, one of England's leading prophets, was 
thinking 'of the same thing when he^aid: " There is a 
coward and a hero in the breast of every man. Each 
of the pair has a ' logic' of his own adapted to his par- 
ticular purpose and aim— which is safety for the 
coward and victory for the hero. . . . Everything 
the hero proposes is unreasonable to the coward. Ev- 
ervthing the coward proposes is detestable to the hero. 
The hero would pour spikenard on the head of his be- 
loved—that would be victorious. The coward would 
sell it and would give the money to the poor— that 
would be ' safer.' " 

There are characters of history who appear to be 
either all hero, or all coward. Thus there is nothing 
cowardly that we can say of Caleb, the faithful spy 
who returned from Canaan with the report: "Let us 
' go up at once, and possess the land ; for we are able to 
overcome it." He was forty years of age when he 
made that report. At eighty-five we find him as cou- 
rageous as ever, asking for the country about Hebron, 
the most rugged and dangerous portion of the Prom- 
ised Land as his inheritance. On the other hand, there 
is nothing heroic that we can say of Demas, who for- 
sook Paul during his prison days because he loved this 
present world and feared the hardships of the Christian 
way. Were the records more complete we would have 
a different story of Demas and of Caleb. We would 
find that better, higher self at times rising to the surface 
in Demas ; and we would no doubt find occasions when 
the zeal and courage of Caleb were smothered by the 
flames of cowardice. No such one-sided report is given 
of Peter, the disciple of Jesus. One day he stands an 
impregnable fortress of courage and strength ; the next, 
a lying, cringing coward. One moment he stands a 
master of the rolling waves; the next, their fearful, 
sinking victim. To the very end of his life, Peter ex- 
posed these two distinctive and opposite elements in 
his character — heroism and cowardice. 

Peter was a coward. We need not make a micro- 
scopic' examination of his biographers to detect this 
disease in his nature. It shows as prominently as small- 
pox does upon its victim. When Jesus walked by the • 
Sea of Galilee, and asked Peter to come after him. 
Peter responded. Straightway he left his nets and fol- 
lowed Jesus. That sounds noble. But was it? It de- 
pends upon the motive. Later we discover why Peter 
left his nets. He didn't go forth as a knight to crusade 
for righteousness, nor to give cups of" water to the 
thirsty. He went for the same reason that the em- 
ployer works little children, and the speculator invests 
in oil. Profit— and that personal— induced him to take 
the step. The Master was talking about riches, and 
how desperately difficult it was for a rich man to get 
into the kingdom of heaven. These words caused 
Peter's hopes to flag. After all was this adventure to 
be profitless? Peter, with a note of despair blurts out : 
" Lo, we have left all, and followed thee ; what then 
shall we have?" Peter isn't head and shoulder above 
most of us at this point. " What will it profit me?" is a 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1930 

popular question. Unfortunately the profit most of the 
time refers to the Golden Eagle. Peter was sel A. 
What will I get out of this, was the motive that led him 
to leave his nets. Peter was selfish, and selfishness is 
the tap root of cowardice. 

The applause Lindbergh has received m the pas few- 
years shows how appreciative people are of rea hero- 
ism How many of the applauders would be willing to 
take the same risk? An African missionary sat in a 
New York broker's office and told of his missionary 
work The broker marveled, but concluded that his 
friend was merely an impractical idealist. He could not 
be induced to see over his high fence of personal self- 
ishness and cowardice. Jesus saw the inev.table end 
of his own life-suffering and death. He spoke of it to 
his disciples. Such self-giving was beyond Peter, it 
was unbelievable, because of its remoteness from his 
own willingness to sacrifice. Peter thought it a good 
joke and he lost no time in telling the Master that that 
was mere talk. It was not a joke and the Master 
turned on Peter with some degree of seventy, Get 
thee behind me, Satan: for thou art a stumbling block 
unto me." The cross was beyond Peter. He had not 
reached that sacrificial stature. We worship that cross 
today but I wonder how many of us have gotten be- 
yond Peter, when he said, " Be it far from thee, Lord: 
this shall never be unto thee." Many of us have for- 
gotten that the cross holds the same position in Chris- 
tianity that A holds in the alphabet. 

There are times when we can hoist our sails and 
favorable winds will carry us peacefully over the quiet 
sea. To sail at those times is comparatively easy. 
However, life isn't a continuously fair-weather voyage. 
There are times when contrary winds blow, when all 
outward circumstances seem to combine in one huge 
conspiracy to drive us on the rocks of despair and de- 
feat. Peter had one night of this character. It was 
the last night he spent with Jesus. The evening started 
pleasantly— supping and fellowshiping with the Mas- 
ter and his fellow-disciples in the upper room. Peter 
was certain of himself and highly optimistic, but pro- 
foundly ignorant of the storm that was actually brew- 
ing without. From this friendly atmosphere, Peter 
went out into the hostile camp of the enemy. He was 
weary. In the garden he slept. Physical exhaustion is 
a first-aid to cowardice. It was dark. Darkness is an 
ally of evil. It makes apostasy easier. Peter was 
alone. There were crowds about him, but no friends. 
The other disciples had fled. There is something des- 
perate about loneliness. Nothing so easily upsets the 
mind.' Peter was mystified at the sudden turn events 
had taken. The Master was a captive in the hands of 
the enemy. Peter's hopes had been built on Jesus and 
the kingdom he was to usher in. Now that Jesus was 
a captive, what was there left to live for that would 
make endangering self worth while? His declarations 
of loyalty vanished away. He would play safe. It was 
Peter, the coward, that answered the maid's queries. 

Again, it is desire for the approval of others that 
often makes cowards of us. The minister remains 
silent, lest he antagonize his chief parishioners, when he 
ought to speak. Peter, and that in his later years, acted 
the hypocrite in order to retain the approval of his 
Jewish Christian friends. It was at Antioch. There 
he ate with the Gentile Christians. Then some Jewish 

Christians came down from Jerusalem. Whereupon 
Peter through fear of their disapproval, discontinued 
his fellowship with the Gentiles. Strife arose and Paul 
found it necessary to resist Peter openly and condemn 
him for his hypocrisy. 

There is another side to Peter's character. It is true 
he was guilty of surrendering occasionally to the 
coward within him ; but more often he was a rock reso- 
lutely facing the waves of criticism and persecution 
that forever beat about the Christian church in its early 
days His declarations in the upper room, " If all shall 
be offended in thee, I will never be offended," and, 
" Even if I must die with thee, yet will I not deny 
thee," are indicative of the true spirit of Peter. Some 

(Continued on P.go 74) 

Bits of Brotherliness 

Do Your Bit as a Hero of Peace 

A young minister had made a speech at a District 
convention. He was followed by a college president. 
The president made reference to something mentioned 
by the young man. Later in the day he missed the 
young pastor, who had gone on an errand. Finally, in 
the evening, he saw him again and said : " I thought 
maybe you had gone home. I was afraid what I said 
had hurt your feelings." 

While there had been no grievance, wasn't that a 
brotherly attitude on the part of the president. His 
dignity wasn't lowered, but raised, and some young 
people were made more loyal to the church. 
Lamed, Kans. 

The Gist of the Sermon 


What More Do Ye? 

In the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5:471 Jesus 
asks the question, "What do ye more than others?" 
This is the key to the whole chapter. He is contrasting 
the life of the kingdom, the Gospel of the Messiah, 
with the Jewish and pagan ideals of life. Six times 
does he oppose his own teachings'with, " But I say un- 
to you." He gives six distinct illustrations of the con- 
trast of his teachings, as something more than the cur- 
rent ideals of life. 

1. Thou shalt not kill. This is the sixth command- 
ment. It is quite right. But there is something more 
to be learned about this ideal. It is not enough to 
merely abstain from the act of killing, but the more is 
to change the motive, the inner relation to one's fellow- 
men, so that the act would never become even a tempta- 
tion. One should never become angry, or harbor hate 
in his heart. 

2. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Certainly not. 
But what tnore than the outward observance of the 
law? Christ gives us the more in pointing out that the 
act is the result of the secret thoughts of the heart. Do 
not even think it, do not look upon a woman to lust 
after her. Think purity, and do not covet the wrong. 
This is the more than the law. 

3. The third example was on divorce. The law de- 
manded that a man give her whom he sent away a cer- 
tificate. But what more shall the Christian observe? 
Moses indeed, allowed divorce because of the low state 
of civilization ; but the original, divine purpose was ab- 
solute loyalty for life. Only where there was conjugal 
disloyalty could separation be justified. 

4. The fourth example given by Jesus was the ques- 
tion of oaths. The current ideas were that it was no 
sin to tell lies unless one gave his oath. Then it de- 
veloped that most of the oaths were not binding, but 
only those that were made in a certain way. This was 
to deceive the stranger, and its whole purpose was evil. 
One had to be an expert in the nature of Jewish oaths 
before he knew whether he could depend upon the 
promise of another. This casuistry perverted all 
veracity, and it was the source of promoting general 
dishonesty. What more ? " Swear not at all." Let 
your word be absolutely true at all times, without any 

5. The law of retaliation was an eye for an eye, a 
tooth for a tooth. What more shall ye do ? Under this 
difficult subject Jesus gives five examples, to show the 
attitude, the temper, in which these questions must be 
met: assault, lawsuits, impressment, begging, and bor- 
rowing. Not retaliation, but what will do the most 
good for the other, fo save him, will also be the best 
for one's self. The striking examples show the temper, 
the spirit in which we are to meet these situations. 

6. The law of love. The law itself teaches men to 
love their neighbor. What more ? But the law so de- 
fined the neighbor as- to imply that most men could be 
hated, and in practice, most men were ignored or hated, 
The word love itself, was so weakened, that it had lost 
all transforming power. Love your enemies, to be sons 
of God. 
- -Long Beach, CaHf. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1930 




My Prayer 

Father, who art in heaven, 
My cross is hard to bear; 
I find the path that I must tread 

Is filled with many a snare. 
But, Father, give me faith that I 
May tread this path with thee, 
The path that once my Savior trod, 

The path to Calvary. 
Help me to live a life, dear Lord, 

Of service to mankind. 
And if there is a work for me, 
Help me that work to find. 
Help me to see the needy, Lord, 

Wherever I may go. 
And may I give my time and prayers, 
That they, thy love might know. 

Dear Lord, help me to be kind 

To all that I may meet, 
That when my task on earth is done 

And my journey is complete, 
That I may ever reign with thee, 

In that land of joy and peace 
Where tears and sorrows never come, 
And time shall never cease. 
This is my prayer. 
Eglon, W. Va. _-. 

Sarah the Doubter 


" Oh, la," laughed Sarah, " why, I've entirely too 
much to do to be running around on class picnics." 

" But, Sarah," protested Emma who was the presi- 
dent of the Helpers Class, " don't you think an outing 
of this kind does one good?" 

" Oh, sure, those who wouldn't be doing anything at 
home anyway," was the retort. 

" Well, you think it over." Emma was determined 
to overlook the covert sneer of Sarah's remarks. 

That evening at the supper table Sarah went on to 
tell her husband and thirteen-year-old daughter about 
the way she had turned down the invitation to the pic- 

" They are after me all the time to join the class or- 
ganization. But I say that I can use that sixty cents a 
year other ways beside throwing it away like that! 
Then you would have to take your turn on an enter- 
taining committee. I've no time for such tomfoolery.' 
" But, Mumsie," Ruth's voice was wistful, " aren't 
the mothers supposed to take their children along to- 
morrow ?" 
" Oh, yes," admitted the mother. 
" Then you had better go," suggested Cal, for he 
read the longing in the little daughter's eyes. 

" Nonsense," snorted Sarah, " you will never find me 
wasting my time like that !" 

Nevertheless her heart was tinged with regret that 
she had taken such a positive stand, for after all, chil- 
dren are young only once, she reflected. 

However, Sarah did not relent when morning 
dawned bright and fair. She completely ignored Ruth's 
allusions to the auto loads passing by on the way to 
some secluded nook by the creek where children could 
play and mothers would relax. Didn't she have enough 
to keep_two women-busy? There were the pickles to 
can, tomatoes ripening, and peaches to be picked. But 
Sarah was to learn ere the day was o'er that there are 
times when all work, no matter how pressing, can and 
must be completely laid aside. 

The family were seated at the supper table when the 
phone rang with imperious force. 

" I'll answer that," said Cal, pushing back his chair. 
He had some sort of swift premonition. 

Meanwhile the mother and daughter sat silently with 
blanched faces as they understood it was a long dis- 
tance call from Sarah's old home, and then to listen 
to the one side of the conversation. 

"When did you say? . . • Yes, we'll be there as 
soon as we can get ready. Yes . . - yes . ■ • 

who had gone to him in dread apprehension. Yes, 
dear, it's your mother-went very suddenly and without 
warning. We'll get ready right away." 

Somehow Emma was called and asked to see that 
some one would look after the chores. And hardly be- 
fore one would think she had had time to do so, Emma 
was there with one of the other members of the Help- 
ers Class. 

" Sarah, don't worry # bout one thing here, coun- 
seled Emma as the heart-broken trio were ready to go, 
" we will see to things for you." 

« All I can think of is my mother," sobbed Sarah. 
On the day appointed to lay away the departed one 
Ruth came to Sarah saying : . 

" Mumsie, see here, what has been sent by the Help- 
ers Class!" . , , 

There it was-a spray of lovely flowers with the sim- 
ple inscription on the card: " Love and sympathy from 
the Helpers Class." Suddenly to Sarah there came a 
vision of what was done with the five cents a month 
dues each member paid into the class treasury! Love 
and sympathy in a concrete' form. She was very 
thoughtful as she gave the flowers a prominent place 
beside other floral offerings, and was glad to point out 
to folks, " These came from my Sunday-school class 

at home." , , , , . 

Then as she came back home weary and sad of heart 
she was conscious of a house she had left in confusion. 
But as she ent,rcd the home everything was orderly. 
Fresh flowers stood in vases everywhere- Out in the 
kitchen she found fresh baked supplies, things ready to 
prepare a simple nourishing meal. And in the cellar 
was other evidence of some one's thoughtful attention, 
for there were rows of canned peaches and tomatoes. 

Without any word to the others she hastened down 
the road to Emma's house, and soon she was crying 

« Oh, Emma," she sobbed, '' how can I thank you for 
what you have done for me!" 

" Not just me," Emma shook her head. You must 
thank the girls of the class, for just as soon as they 
found out why you had gone they began tc , plan how J» 
help you with your work. So each one did what she 
could; your fruit and cans have been all over the coun- 

tiy " And I thought I couldn't afford to take time off to 
belong to the class," said a shamed Sarah, but I be- 
long from now on 1" 
Bloomville, Ohio. 

threw her arms around my neck. When I asked her 
why she did not remember to wait until I had finished 
the letter, she dried her tears away and said : " Mother, 
I did not know what to do with myself, and I just 
wanted to put my head on your shoulder. I thought 
that would help some. Mother, will I ever get too big 
to put my head on your shoulder?" I took her in my 
arms and assured her that she would never be too big 
to rest on mother's shoulder. 

Since then I have decided never to be too busy to 
give that touch of sympathy that puts new joy into 
child life when a child is tired or ill at ease. Of course, 
we earnestly pray that our children will always seek 
our protection and comfort and advice. But mothers, 
I wonder if we do not often repell them unknowingly 
when we are " too busy just now "? They soon lose 
that spirit of freedom to seek an ever ready mother. 
Then when they turn to others for help and advice we 
are helpless as we wonder why they do it. Indeed, 
mothers need a daily infilling of patience and endur- 
ance. No other profession in all the world demands 
such a fullness of-real character. 

We now have a new agreement that helps both moth- 
er and the children. When I feel the need of being 
alone I go to the children and tell them that I want to . 
be alone for a little while, but I have time to listen to 
anything that they feel is really necessary for me to 
know I make it plain that I will appreciate it if they 
can wait until I have rested. They take a delight m 
helping me to find rest. It is with love and respect that 
they lend a helping hand, and I am.sure that they shall 
never feel that they are banished from mother because 
she is too busy or too tired to listen to them. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 


As he turned around he held out his arms for Sarah 

Too Busy 


The duties of the day had been unusually heavy and 
1 was feeling the need of rest and quietness Think- 
ing that the children were, busily engaged in their play 
room I slipped into the study and sat down at the desk 
deciding to write a long delayed letter. I had us 
started to write when the door opened, and a plaintive 
voice said: "Mother, what may I do next? I don t 
know what to play." 

'• Oh, dear me!" I sighed to myself. Please gc, and 
find something for yourself. I want to finish this letter 

""The door closed and I was again alone. Breathing a 
sigh of relief I went on with my writing. 

Then a loud call came from downstairs. Mother, 
mother! Brother doesn't play right. Will you make 
him stay upstairs while I play?" * ™ d * "° "re- 
thinking that they would soon adjust their difficulties. 

Again the door opened. My little girl slipped in, 
coming close to my chair. " Mother-I." 

" Please run away. Don't you remember mother 
wants to finish this letter'- Then I can help you. 

Again the door closed, this time with a bang, and she 
went crying and stamping from the room. 

I went on with the writing, thinking to myself, 1 
have spent most of this day doing things for them. It 
is only just that I should have a little time to myself. 
Besides she must know that I meant what I said when 
1 asked her to stay away until I could finish this letter. 
1 finished the letter, though it was much shorter than 
I had intended to write. When I went downstairs I 
found the banished child still sobbing to' herself." She 

New Lives for Old 

XI. An Editor's Mail 

Some days later as Sidney Hale was going through 
his mail, he came to a letter from American Bmldcrs. 
the magazine to which he had dispatched the note writ- 
ten at midnight. He had dismissed the incident com- 
pletely from his mind, but in a moment it all came back 
to him as he wondered what the editor might say Or 
mi«ht it be just a chance bit of advertising matter from 
the" magazine happening along at the right time? 

But Hale decided to open it any way. Perhaps it 
was a bonafide letter and not just an advertisement. He 
slit open the envelope and out dropped the letter. It 
was not just the brief note of acknowledgment that 
would have been sufficient, nor was it a long letter pro- 
posing some special subscription offer in view of the 
reader's interest. Strangely enough it was-a friendly 
letter, evidently from one who had known him for 
years. He read: 

" It was indeed a pleasant surprise to get your note 
of appreciation written under such unusual circum- 
stances To think that a conscience smitten editor 
sriould find food for an editorial while browsing 
through Circe's Garden! 

" I shall not tell you the circumstances under which 
the editorial you compliment was written, but I assure 
you they were interesting enough. 

■' What turn of fortune has taken you back to Valley 
Center ? The last I knew of you the great city had you 
flesh and soul. Now it has the writer of these hues 
and you are free.^ I would be interested to know how 
it all came about." 

And Sidney could hardly believe his eyes as he read 
tnc signature^Irene Cross. He reread the letter car - 
fully. Yes, it was real. He stood up ,n his excite- 
ment then sat down again. Thoughts came thick and 
fast emotions surged through his body with over- 
whelming power and lightning rapidity. 

He found himself thinking: " So here is Irene s ad- 
dress at last ! But what a woman she must be today- 
Z editor of a magazine and a writer of penetra ,ng 
Lwer I Yes, she is friendly still and has not forgotten 
M times However, while her star has gone up mine 
hltVgcTdown. What will she think! What will she 
srty if I should tell her my story ?* 

(Continued on Page 74) 






Calendar for Sunday, February 2 

Sond.y-.chcl Les.o». Putting God's Kingdom First- 
Matt. 6:1-34. 

Christian WorW Mating, Knowing God.-John 2:1-6 
+ * + * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Five baptized in the Lanark church, 111. 

One baptized in the Denver church, Colo. 

One baptized in the Morrill church, Kans. 

Three baptized in the Center church, Ohio. 

Three baptized in the Sidney church, Ohio. 

Four baptized in the Bakersfield church, Calif. 

Four baptized in the Waynesboro church. Pa. 

Three baptized in the Warrcnsburg church. Mo. 

Three baptized in the Johnson City church, Tenn. 

Eight baptized in the Painter Creek church, Ohio, Bro. 
Roy Honevman. pastor-evangelist. 

One baptized and one reclaimed in the Mineral Creek 
church, Mo, B. F. Summer, pastor. 

Three baptized in the Boone Mill church, Va., Bro. E. S. 
Bowman of Roanoke. Va„ evangelist. 

Two baptized in the Wakarusa church, lnd., Bro. R. "G. 
Rarick of North Manchester. Ind., evangelist. 

Eight baptized and one reclaimed in the Maple Grove 
church. N. C, Bro. J. W. Rogers of Sebring, Fla., evan- 

Five baptized and one reclaimed in the Shady Grove 
house. Falling Spring congregation, Pa., Bro. S. M. 
of Hanover, evangelist. 

* * * * 

Bro. W.. J. Workman, Secretary of the Men s Wo k 
came to the cud of his earthly labors last Monday, Jan 7 
He had been in poor health for some time, and for ■ l short 
while had been confined to his bed. Some had begun to 
entertain fears for his recovery, but no one suspec ted 
end was so near. Tuberculosis of the spme s said to 1 av 
been his trouble. Funeral services were set for Wednes 
5 v afternoon a, the Firs, church. Chicago Bra Werkm n 
was giving his hear, and soul to the Mens Work and 
untimely passing will be a great loss to that movement. 

Our Evangelists 

Will yon slare the border, which these labour! carry? Will you 
pray ior the success of these meetings? 

Bro. J. A. Robinson, pastor, to begin Feb. 2 in the Walnut 
Grove church, Johnstown, Pa. 

Brother and Sister J. Edwin Jarhoe began Jan. 28 in the 
Second South Bend church, Ind. 

Bro. R. P. Bucher of Quarryville, Pa, to begin Feb. 16 
instead of Feb. 9 in the Myersfown church, Pa., Myerstown 

Bro. O. H. Austin and wife began Jan. 22 in the Waynes- 
boro church. Pa., to begin Feb. 12 in the Franklin Grove 

church, I1L 

* 4> 

Personal Mention 
Bro. A. T. dinger, Box 80, Robins, Iowa, will be availa- 
ble for evangelistic work after Feb. 15. 

Bro. Desmond Bittinger and wife will be available for 
several evangelistic meetings between June and September. 
Address them at Valley View, Pa. 

Bro. Earl C. Bowser will have time for a series of meet- 
ings sometime during the spring or summer months. Ad- 
dress him at 213 Ninth Ave, Juniata, Pa. 

Bro. Jar, M. Moore, pastor at Waynesboro, Pa, for the 
past seven years has accepted a call to the pastorate of the 
First church, Chicago, beginning Sept. 1 next. 

Secretary Rufus D. Bowman of the Board of Religious 
Education left early this week for La Verne College where 
he will have a prominent part in the annual Bible Institute. 
It wa» SUter Martha Burn* of Manchester College who 
gave the chalk talk in the Lower Miami church of South- 
ern Ohio, and not Martha Rust as the news note had it in 
our issue of Jan. 18. The present address of Sister Burns is 
R. 3, New Castle, Ind. 

Bro. F. F. Hot.opple, pastor of the Washington City 
church, desires that readers of the Messenger having friends 
in that city who ought to be in touch with the church 
tell him who and where they are. Write him at 337 North 
Carolina Ave, S. E, Washington, D. C. 

Dr. J. Paul Gibbel, recently arrived from the Africa mis- 
sion field, was a welcome caller at the Messenger rooms 
last week. It is a matter of general regret that Sister Gib- 
bel's condition seems to make improbable their return to 
Africa. Their address for the present is Girard, 111. 

Bro. W. H. Yoder, member of the General Ministerial 
Board and pastor of the Morrill church of Northeastern 
Kansas for some ten years past, has accepted the pastorate 
of the South Waterloo church, Iowa, to begin service June 
I, provided the Morrill vacancy is filled by that time. 

The General Education Board met week before last in 
Washington. D. C. The Board members present were Col- 
lege and Seminary Presidents Bixler, Bowman, Brumbaugh, 
Davis. Schwalm, Sludebaker, Wieand. Winger and Secre- 
tary Noffsinger. The following officers were elected for 
the current year: President, P. H. Bowman: Vice-Presi- 
dent, V. F. Schwalm: Secretary-Treasurer, J. S. Noffsinger. 
This information came too late to be incorporated in the 
Directory on page 79. A report of the meeting will appear 
next week. 

* * • + 
Miscellaneous Items 

- 1 want to .ay," says the aggressive pastor of one of our 
strong churches. " that I am certainly in accord with your 
editorial policy. The Messenger gets better and better 
rght along. It would be pretty hard to say which depart- 
ment is most interesting. . . . The Messenger goes m o 
a goodly percentage of our homes, and we are constantly 
trying to increase the number of subscribers. May God 
continue to bless your ministry.' Do you blame us much 
for relishing the flavor of that? 

What They Say About the Challenge: A brother in East- 
ern Virginia says, " In case you come within $100 of making 
the amount needed to meet the mission challenge, we have 
a one hundred dollar bond available upon your request. A 
woman in Northeastern Ohio sends $5. saying : " It is only 
a mite but I hope it will do some one good to find their 
Lord and Savior. Wish I could give more." A good mem- 
ber in Eastern Pennsylvania sends $20 for missions in India, 
China and Africa, and says that she is giving it for what 
Christ has done for us. 

Correspondence items appearing this week should prove 
of more than usual interest. The volume of this matter 
is larger than usual; but more than vojurae, is the worth 
of the subject matter treated. We note an especially 
successful Bible institute held at Elizabethtown College. 
Then there are reports of other institutes or conferences 
that make interesting reading. Finally, readers of our 
southeastern region should remember that the Daleville 
Annual Bible Institute is set for Feb. 10-14. A program 
of this meeting appears on page 75. 

Wor.hip in the public service is something which every ; 
thoughtful leader has wondered about. Just what is its 
importance, and what its possibilities? Not a few of our 
people have been thinking, reading, and experimenting. - 
Now we hope that all such, as well as others, have been 
following Bro. Rufus D. Bowman's articles on Worship in 
the Worship Service. The fourth in this series of articles 
can be found on page 66 of this issue. We have two more 
articles in hand and the promise of some sample worship 
programs to appear in due time. A careful reading of 
these articles will "give you real help on the problem of 
worship in the worship service. 

Let u! pray for the success of the London Naval Con- 
ference! This is something that every sincere follower of 
the Prince of Peace can do. And the importance of prayer 
at this time is eloquently set forth in the article on this 
opportunity which our readers will find on page 69. Read 
also, World Peace in Current Events on page 68. The 
members of the Church of the Brethren have a real stake 
in the issues before the London Naval Conference. If you 
don't believe this, just get the figures on what the navy 
is costing the United States every year, then prorate this 
expense and see how much our people have to pay, though 
it is indirectly. The figures will surprise you. But the 
financial considerations are not the most important. In- 
finitely more important arc the principles involved. The 
principle of peace is worthy of great sacrifice. Men have 
died that it might be realized more and more in the lives 
of their fellow-men. Surely when sacrifice is turning to 
saving and opportunity for larger life, we should be eager 
to pray for the triumph of the peace principle I 

Meeting the Mission Challenge 

Financial Statement 
Receipts from living donors for ten months 

March 1 to Dec. 31. 1929 * 210. 748 .99 

Receipts Jan. 1 to Jan. 23, 1930 ■■■■-"-• i2 ^ 2M 

Amount necessary from Jan. 23 to Feb. 28 to 
meet the Mission Challenge. (Meeting the 
Challenge requires an increase of $37,500 over ^ ^ ^ 

last year.) 

Clasiifying tho Districts 
To keep before the Brotherhood the progress in meeting 
the deficit the following classifications are used. Much hue 
spirit on the part of the Districts can not be reported b, 
statistics. Economic conditions vary over the Brotherhood. 
For this reason it is inadvisable to compare the Districts on 
the basis of per capita giving. Some Districts whose giv- 
ing is not large in total or per capita are increasing and 
they merit credit for going in the right direction. 

I. Di.trict! that have made an increase over la.t 
year Two new Districts are ready to be classified here, 
viz, Southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New 
York and Northeastern Kansas. Districts previously re 
ported attaining this are: Middle Iowa, Northwester,, 
Kansas. Northern Missouri, Second West Virginia North 
and South Carolina and -Tennessee, Northern Indiana, 
Southern Indiana, Northeastern Ohio, Nebraska, Washing- 
ton', First West Virginia, Eastern Colorado and Wester,, 
Colorado. These Districts have in the period sijice March 
1, 1929, given more than for the twelve months of the 
previous year. 

II Di.tricls that have increa.ed over their previous five 
year average. Southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey ami 
New York is alone Ihis week in joining group II. District 
previously reaching this classification were Washington. 
Weslern Colorado, Second West Virginia, M.ddle Iowa 
Northwestern Kansas, North and South Carolina, and Okla- 
homa, Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico. 

III District! that have exceeded la!t year', record by 
15 per cent. Five Districts join this class, viz. Northwest- 
ern Kansas, Northern Missouri, North and South Carolina, 
Tennessee, and West Virginia. 

♦ ♦ T 

Special Notices 

Western Pennsylvania: All reports and business for the 
District Conference program should be in the hands of the 
clerk not later than March 5. The District Meeting will be 
held in the Moxham church April 21-23.— D. P. Hoover, 
Clerk, Windber, Pa. 

Northwestern Ohio churches should note that Alvord- 
ton, Ohio, is the address of Sister Lela A. Moyer, a member 
of the District Board of Religious Education and director 
of Church School work. Sister Moyer's address is incor- 
rectly given in the District Meeting minutes for last year. 
A way to financial freedom: The Layman Company's 
pamphlet, " Winning Financial Freedom," has proved so 
popular and effective that once more we offer it to any 
pastor without charge. On request we will send, postage 
paid, enough copies to supply all the lay- officials of his 
church. The pamphlet describes a simple method by which 
the pastor may carry on, quietly and steadily, the education 
of his people- in the principles of Christian giving, without 
interfering with his other work, ana, at a cost purely nomi- 
nal. The Layman Company is a non-profit, inter-denomi- 
national Christian agency which puts its resources at the 
service of all the churches. When you write please men- 
tion the Messenger and give your denomination. — The Lay- 
man Company, 730 Rush St, Chicago, 111. 

Notes on Mi!!ion Giving 
The Quinter congregation (Kansas) is working toward 
doubling its giving over last year. 

A student in Elizabethtown College Writes: " Please ac- 
cept my $25 check as the mite of a college student. I hop, 
that I may be able to give more when I get to teachmg 

A college president in the west writes : " I want to pledge 
my personal support to this enterprise and to guarantee 
that I will use every effort I have to help meet this mission 

The six District, furnishing the largest amounts for the 
year thus far are: Eastern Pennsylvania, $26,720; Southern 
Ohio, $13,720; Northern Indiana, $12,630; Middle Pennsyl- 
vania, $12,392; Southern California, $11,968; and Middle In- 
diana, $11,390. 

A leader in Fir.t Virginia writes : " I hope we will do all 
that is expected in our District in this matter of the defi 
cit. This is all we talk about now. We have it for break- 
fast, dinner and supper. Even the kiddies ask, 'Daddy, 
what is a deficit?'" 

The impetu. the women arc giving to this movement is 
proving a great help. Not only the money the women semi 
is of value, but the spirit they are infusing through Un- 
church. Good courage is needed to do this hard task. The 
women are dependable in giving enthusiasm. 

The Aid Society of the Rio Linda congregation. Northern 
California, contributed $35 "toward the Women's Deficii 
Fund. One of their projects to earn money was to make 
a-quilt in brick pattern. They embroidered two names on 
each block, asking ten cents for each name. By using this 
plan 350 persons have helped raise the $35, many of whom 
were not members of the church. 

A letter from one of the Lord's choice souls in California 
brings with it $300. The sender writes iri- pencil on a very 
small scrap of paper. " Please excuse the way I have this 
check done up. May God bless the work of the Mission 
Board in the saving of souls." The kind of paper on which 
such letters are written is immaterial. We think the Lord 
entirely overlooks the letter paper and sees the spirit of the 
one who gives. 

A letter from H. H. Nye, and another from John C. Zug. 
both from Eastern Pennsylvania, bring us wonderful news 
from the Eastern Pennsylvania Bible Institute at Elizabeth- 
town. Brethren M. J. Brougher. Rufus D. Bowman, M. 
R. Zigler, J. S. Flory and A. D. Helser were all speakers in 
this institute. Bro. Helser brought a- great' message from 
Africa. During the missionary convocation on Sunday 
afternoon. $5,090 in cash and pledges was raised. Bro. Nye 
says that for this fine spirit vye are profoundly grateful to 
our heavenly Father. 

The foregoing observations are all plucked from the cor- 
respondence of two days. These are typical of what the 
Mission Board receives in correspondence coming in daily 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1930 



Italy Broadcasting 

0„ the morning of Jan. 17 the most powerful radio 
broadcasting station in Europe was opened at Santa 
Set a This little town is- about fourteen miles from 
Rom" on the road toward Naples. The Santa Palomba 
S. has the latest mechanical features, and ... every way 
f said to provide Italy with the most powerful broadcast- 
ing station in Europe 

Planting Sugar Cane 
The raising of sugar cane is normally a large scale in- 
du try and thus it would seem to be one naturally adapted 
, 'use of machinery. And some progress IS being made 
n this direction, the most recent advance ... the 
1 hod of Planting. Thus in southern Flor.da sugar can 
"being Planted by a large tractor drawn machine which 
1„ and sets two rows a. a time. The. w.ll se 
!tn«y acres of cane a day, which is said to be the normal 

work of scores of laborer^ 

What Will People Say? 

One of the powerful arbiters of human conduct .is the 

dread of what people will say. Indeed, mill.ons of peop = 

donig all sorts of things out of fear of what people 

" , "ay. And there is no help for such slaves until they 

, „ from the senseless question and order their conduct 

by what they believe to be right. What d.fference doe, 

it' make what people say-the imperious masses are usual > 

wrong anyway! Choose the high road of right and duty 

and win the peace which comes to men of good conscience. 

Mont Pelee Gives a Warning 

Some days ago, airmen flying from the Virgin Islands 
,„ Trinidad and passing over the island of Martiniq e, 
noted that the villages and cocoa plantat.ons .n the north- 
ern part of the island were abandoned. They noted also 
that Mont Pelee was giving a warning-that at an eleva- 
tion of 5,000 feet they had to fly through foghke clouds of 
ashes, dust, and sulphurous steam. Perhaps such s.gns 
would be enough to warn^verage persons. But they meant 
even more to the inhabitants of Mart.n.quc These knew 
all too well what Mont Pelee did m 1902 when 30,000 
people were destroyed in one of the most spectacular vol- 
canic eruptions in modern times. 

Where Taxes Are Increasing 
Federal, state and local taxes collected during the fiscal 
year 1928 totaled $9,289,000,000 according to a survey con- 
ducted by the National Industrial Conference Board. Uns 
is an increase of $230,000,000 over the previous year-lS//. 
The upward swing is due entirely to increases ... state and 
local taxes, as federal tax collections for 1928 were less 
than for the year before. The increase was noted ... all but 
three states-North and South Dakota and Montana. There 
is plenty of evidence that state and local tax methods are 
in need of study and revision. For the sum of $9,289,000,000 
falls far short of the sum actually spent. It is estimated 
that about $3,000,000,000 was spent over and above the 
amount collected for 1928. 

Race Relations Sunday 

One does not need to travel these days to realize that the 
world is just one great neighborhood, face to face- with the 
problem of how men of varied hues and diverse cultures 
are to get on together. The broadcasting. of such a meet- 
ing as the London Naval Conference brings this all to, one 
in a most concrete and impressive way. And certainly the 
churches have a share and stake in the matter of estab- 
lishing right race relationships. How can they be Chris- 
tian and neglect so great an obligation— and opportunity? 
Thus for some years past Race Relations Sunday has been 
observed. This year Feb. 9 is the day. Special sermons, 
exchanges of pastors and any other adventure which will 
further better feeling between men are certainly quite in 

place. — 

Proposed Changes in Criminal Procedure 
The American Law Institute has sponsored a thorough 
study of criminal procedure, and now after four years is 
ready to report model laws for consideration by the vari- 
ous state legislatures. The growth of industrial centers 
which spread out over large areas irrespective of state lines 
has tended to obliterate such boundaries for practical pur- 
Poses." Hence, the objective is not just a simplification of 
existing codes, but the attainment of a degree of uniformi- 
ty which shall make it. possible for the new population 
centers to deal with their crime problems without unneces- 
sary state interference. However, simplification's one of 
the considerations which has been given very careful at- 
tention. For example, indictments will be .trimmed to the 
bone in the matter of words and stated in modern language, 
he expensive fun that some lawyers have had with jurors 

" The Menace of the Movies " 
The Christian Century for Jan. 15 contains the first of a 
series of articles on the movies. The series is bemg written 
by Fred Eastman, professor of religious drama and litera- 
ture, Chicago Theological Seminary. The first article is en- 
titled : " The Menace of the Movies." One of the concluding 
paragraphs of, this first article reads as follows: Ihe 
testimony, therefore, seems overwhelming to the etrect 
that the movies have not been cleaned up. The.r character 
is shady. Their morals are a mess. Their pull .s down- 
ward They are sickening the better elements of the pub- 
lic They are causing a tolerant and liberty-loving people 
to raise the cry of censorship. But, worst of all, they are 
educating millions of young people daily in false standards 
of taste and conduct, false conceptions of human relation- 

ships." - 

Let the Billboards Go! 
The American Institute of Architects has gone on record 
as against the use of billboard advertising. "The board lot 
directors of the institute) earnestly urges that those agen- 
cies which are properly concerned with the cultural and 
spiritual- welfare of the American people, as well as those 
concerned with their material wellbeing and safety, take 
vigorous action through the various means at their com- 
" mand to bring about, by regulation, legislation or the force 
of public opinion, the complete removal of billboards sign- 
boards and related structures from the roads, highways. 
and boulevards of the country, except in such limited areas 
as may be set aside for such advertising by direct action 
of the proper authorities." The opposition to b.llboard ad- 
vertising has centered around such ideas as desecration o 
nature and hazards to travel. We should like to add that 
the products frequently advertised, particularly '°»a"°' 
have represented a menace to the public health. On these 
and other counts, let the billboards go! 

Pruning and Fruit Bearing 

In the wonderful parable of the vine the Master says: 
» Every branch in me that beareth not fruit, he taketh it 
away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he cleanse.!, 
it that it may bear more fruit." Now the man who has 
never raised grapes, and most of those who have a few 
vines, may wonder a bit about pruning and fruit bearing. 
Is it true that more can come from the less when" the 
skilled husbandman prunes his grapevines? An experi- 
enced grape grower writing in the California Cultivator 
says- "Dr A J. Winkler, of the University of California 
Davis has shown that Tokays on test plots at Davis and 
Lodi increased in weight 24 per cent by removing one side 
of the cluster, thereby reducing the number of berries to IV. 
This thinning was found to give best results if done soon 
as berries set. ... Dr. Winkler further demonstrated 
that five times as much fruit was harvested from thinned 
plats the first as from the unthinned, and twice as 
much the first and second pickings as from the unthinned. 
The color, he reports, was not only advanced but more uni- 
form In the writer's own vineyard, where for many years 
thinning of fruit, shoots and leaves has been practiced, 
we are able to harvest 70 to 80 per cent of our Emperor,, 
Kibiers, Malagas and Thompsons the first and two 
years on trellis have given as^ good color on the of 
the clusters as on the outside." 


, for the Weekly Devotional Meetlnff Or for 
Prayerful, Private Medltatton. 


Luke 15: 21 

For Week Beginning February 9 

Confession grows out of hatred for sin. It is not a pun- 
ishment. It is a remedy for sin. a security against sm. It 
unburdens the heart and conscience. He asks us to con- 
fess our sins nbt because he is angry, but because he is 
wise and kind (Luke 5:5; Hos. 5:15; las. 5:16; Prov. 28: 


Here is a difference which must be discerned. Let con- 
fession be made to those whose love qualifies them to hear 
it. Let confession and restitution be made to those who 
have been wronged. Then bury it (Luke 15:21; 18:13; 
Psa. 38:18; Lev. 26:40-42)1 

Note how pointed and brief they are, and how quickly he 
turns to something else when he discerns real pen.tence. 
He rejoices not ill iniquity; he rejoices in the truth (John 
4:16-26; 8:1-11). 

This relationship becomes an infinitely blessed one when 
people are free to bring their sorest burdens to an under- 
standing, sympathetic and worthy shepherd. No minuter 
can enter this door of opportunity except he have a thor- 
oughly good life (Luke 5:8; 23:41). 
Are there sins which need not be confessed? 
Have we truly repented of a sin which we are unwilling to 
How is confession made to God? 

R. H. M. 



ne expensive tun that some lawyers nave nau who ju.u... 

'ill be reduced somewhat. The model laws will provide for 
fewer jury challenges and alternate jurors in case it seems 
that a trial is llk-ely to be drawn out at some length. In 
these and other ways the new criminal code commends 
itself to the thoughtful, law-abiding citizen. 

Ten Years of the League 
On Jan. 10, 1920, a group of thirteen nations constituted 
themselves a League of Nations. The tie that held them 
was a covenant composed of twenty-six br.ef articles A 
that time there was " no physical home, no funds, and no 
even a body of clear and generally accepted .deas. But 
ten years have passed and the. Carnegie Endowment for 
International Peace has signalized the tenth anniversary by 
the publication of a pamphlet called: The F.rst Ten \ ears 
of the League of Nations. As a summary of what the 
League has accomplished and what is immed.ately before 
it we take the following from the publication referred to : 
•■ Such was the record of the League of Nat.ons in Its firs 
decade A diversified one, indeed, affecting not only all 
branches of international interest and all strata of inter- 
national life but involving all countries and all continents: 
a record including organization of annual Assembly, peri- 
odic Council, permanent Secretariat, World Court, standing 
committees ; evolution of new methods of conference, cor- 
respondence, and cooperation; settlement of eighteen po- 
litical disputes: decision of thirty-two judical questions; 
stimulation for Locarno and Kellogg Pacts; elaboration of 
two-score general conventions; registration of 4.000 
treaties; preparation of world disarmament conference, in- 
ternational supervision of mandates, minorities, and special 
districts; enunciation of basic financial and economic doc- 
trine; organization of nine reconstruction loans totaling 
$400 000,000; freeing of international intercourse from many 
restrictions; facilitating of the work of the businessman 
abroad; studies of gold, coal, sugar, double taxation; ad- 
ministrative cooperation for safety at sea, news transmis- 
sion, international statistics; narrowing of the opium and 
white slave trades; world conventions on slavery and ob- 
scene publications; repatriation of 400.00*0 prisoners of war; 
care of many more refugees; organizafion- of intellectual 
cooperation. ... A still more important program stands 
on the immediate horizon.. The first period, of organization. 

experimentation, and emergency action is over; the second 
of fulfilment and development is at hand. Where 19.0 
opened with twenty-six short, bare provis.ons in a legal 
document, without system, program, or even personnel, 1930 
already has before it a heavy program,, beyond 
the ordinary current work, the closing of the last gap 
for war in the Covenant; strengthening of the World Court 
for its increased responsibilities; possible accession thereto 
of the United States; first Conference for the Cod.ficat.oi. 
of International Law; early conference on disarmament; 
discussion of a two-year tariff truce; proposal for .United 
States of Europe; consideration of aerial organ.zat.on; 
limitation of drug-manufacture to legitimate needs; en- 
quiries on slavery in Liberia and in the 1 ar 
East- conference on technical economic and trans.t sub- 
jects- rearrangement of intellectual cooperation . . . to 
mention only those most under discussion as the decade 


Books for Rural Pastors 
What books should the rural pastor have in his library? 
Dr Malcolm Dana has compiled" the returns from a ques- 
tionnaire sen, to 150 country life spec.ahsts, professors ,n 
agricultural colleges and successful rural ministers Th 
composite lis. thus prepared, in the order of preference is 
as follows- The Story of John Frederick Oberl.n-Bcard, 
Rural Le-Galpin, Elements of Rural 
U,d "hurls-Hooker, Tested Methods in Town and 
Country-Brunner, Churches of Dist.nct.on-Bn.nncr, Evo- 
lution of a Country Community-Wilson, Rural Social 
P oblem The Farmer and His Commum.y-San- 
derson Steeples Among the Hills-Hewitt. Town an ^Coun- 
try Churches in United States-Morse-Brunnir Ihe 
Farmer's Church-Wilson. American Agr.cul.ural V.llages- 
Brunner. Handbook of Social Resources-Landis, Our 
Templed Hills-Felton. 

The Prohibition Complex 

Those who have developed a prohibition complex create 

Xo'^P^ned .nah^r^te^cie.^ 
range of things prohibited .s P haps c 

^ fit:: win— £ zrJL ,^ 

=r^cer,ar,hi„gs which might imperil the pubhc 

health. There is ^^Z Z^V^^ <° 
the well known and fundamental p P ^ 

that which some men wan to A nnk Ind ^ | 

Iaw but mainly a "'>««* *™l?jXZ should be made 
Is there any good reason why an ««^°" ^ 

in the case of certain liquid None wh ^ ^ 



" Outward Bound " 

(Continued From Page 66) 

broken alabaster, marble, or granite, -"J*"*"* 
the glory that once belonged to Egypt <**!«*£™* 
GreL or Rome. We are eastward bound the 
hope that from the scattered ruins of palaces and brok- 
en temple pillars, we shall be able to recast something 
S the lost life and spirit that moved in these once 
powerful nations. We shall visit the twenty countries 
. verging on the Mediterranean, but our objective » to 
see and walk the holy land of Palestme. We shall be- 
hold marvelous scenes on our journey through the 
centers of ancient religions and civilizations, but we 
shall see no more than our power to interpret will per- 
mit us to understand. It may be possible that 
eves we mav not be able to perceive; and having ears 
to hear, make no effort to understand what the drago- 
man will tell us. That ancient law of high thinking 
holds even today, that, " According to your faith, so be 
it unto you." Back of the temporal rums of things 
seen we must perceive the spiritual significance of 
things not seen-those hidden spiritual forces that di- 
rected the onward march of the world's history across 
the centuries. It is our desire to look with more than 
mere amazement on forsaken castles of Moorish times, 
Crusader churches reconstructed from captured Turk- 
ish mosques or vice versa, or moss covered walls of old 
coliseums, excavated temples of pagan times. What 
we would like to know is, who built here and why and 
into what general scheme of history does it all fit? 
What forces of destiny pushed toward the glory ot 
achievement and what caused the tragic fate of these 
once pristine powers? In our cruise party there are 
represented most every variety of profess.onal life. 
There are bankers, doctors, dentists, professors, minis- 
ters musicians, cartoonists, photographers, moving pic- 
ture men, nurses, real estate dealers, lumbermen, 
ranchers, millionaires, the socially elite, some poor folk, 
some retired from active life and some that are trying to 
escape trouble and begin life over again. There are 
those who make the cruise journey a mere gala day. 
They drink wine, play bridge, dance, smoke cigarettes, 
sleep away the morning hours, and miss the sunsets at 
sea They prefer shopping to sight-seeing. A social 
law operates in our large family of 448 registered pas- 
sengers. Each is pulled by the inevitable drawing of 
cultural and social gravity to his or her respective 
stratum in the scale of society. Each will look with 
different perspective upon the panoramic scenes of our 
journey ; each will interpret what he sees in the light 
of his own personal experience. Our professor of 
geology will interpret Palestine from a very different 
aspect from our professor of English Bible, the lumber- 
man of Colorado, or the ranchman from Texas. How 
analogous our trip across the waters to the greater 
ocean journey of life! Meanwhile we have entered the 
blue-tinged historic waters of the beautiful Mediter- 
ranean, outward bound. 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

hardest battle that nigh,- a struggle with a guilty -on 
science. There is not one of us, but who sometime in 

ife pass through the same valley. To err is human. It 
out of suclf murky depths that St. Augustine and 
Terry McAuley climbed. Peter has set errmg souls 

nd h !tlud y es us all-a heroic precedent, that o re- 
turning victorious to a forgiving Father through a com 

"££Sft the Christian, most deadly enemy. 
Christ's discipline and way are exacting We want the 
blessings of the Christian life at reduced cost-without 
he cross. Jesus was tempted to compromise while in 
the wilderness, but he did not yield. Peter jiddrf to 
compromise at Antioch. If that were the only time, he. 
vlld put most of us to shame. Usually Peter was as 
firm as steel. He, with John, was thrown into prison 
for preaching in the public places of erusale «. A 
their hearing they were strictly charged unde threat 
of severe punishment, not to speak at a 1 nor to teach 
in the name of Jesus. Not many days after this Peter 
and the apostles were again in prison. At the hearing, 
the high priest reminded them of the previous sentence, 
to maintain silence. Whereupon, Peter answered in the 
memorable words, "We must obey God rather than 
men " The courageous spirit of that reply reveals the 
Peter, who was a rock and explains the early triumphs 
of the Christian movement. 

I do not approve the Jonathan Edwards type of 
preaching, nevertheless I do believe that plain words 
Lid stem words are needed frequently. It takes cour- 
age and much love to speak them, but they dare not be 
left unsaid. Parents find them necessary at times in 
dealing with some refractory child. Jesus found them 
necessary in addressing the Pharisees. Peter spoke 
plainly and courageously to Simon, the Samanan sor- 
cerer who wished to purchase the Holy Spirit with 
money. He said: "Thy silver perish with thee, be- 
cause thou hast thought to obtain the gift of God with 
monev. Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter: 
for thy heart is not right before God. Repent there- 
fore of this thy wickedness, and pray the Lord, if per- 
haps the thought of thy heart shall be forgiven thee. 
For I see that thou art in the gall of bitterness and in 
the bond of iniquity." We are told the words had 
effect. No shilly-shally could have spoken those words. 
We are told that self-preservation is our strongest 
instinct. There are two ways of giving expression to 
it The ordinary way js selfish and a maker of cowards. 
It is the method of the Rich Fool who pulled down his 
Barns and built larger ones, who stored up his grain 
and sat back to take life easy. The other way is most 
nobly expressed in the life of Jesus and in his words, 
"Whosoever would save his life shall lose it: and 
whosoever shall lose his life for my sake shall find it." 
It is over this sacrificial course that the hero finds his 

Friends counseled him to flee. Though contrary to his 
convictions, he agreed. Peter the coward was master 
now. In passing out through the city gate Peter saw 
the Lord, with a Cross upon his shoulder, coming mo 
Rome. He said, "Lord, whither goest thou? The 
Lord replied, " I am coming to Rome to be crucified 
Then Peter asked, "Lord, art thou crucified again? 
•• Yea Peter I am crucified again," was the answer. 
This was too much for Peter. He faced about and re- 
traced his steps. He was seized by the authorities soon 
after and upon his own request was crucified head 
downward. Peter's battle with cowardice lasted to the 
end but it was Peter, the hero, who was victorious. 
Whether this tradition be true or legendary, neverthe- 
less it is symbolic of Peter's victory over his life long 
enemy, the coward within his breast. 
Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Peter, a Coward and a Hero 

(Continued From Page 70) 

may say, these are idle words from the lips of a brag- 
gart, for only a few hours afterwards, oaths and false- 
hoods were falling over the same lips. As some one 
has put it : a man can not be judged so much for what 
he stands, as for what he falls. True, actions speak 
louder than words. But take a long distant view of 
Peter, follow him through the subsequent records and 
you will not find a reed shaken with the wind, nor a 
man who trembled before a little maid, but one who de- 
fied the command of judges when that command ran 
counter to his convictions. 

Peter denied his Master. We can not forget that 
incident, nor do we want to forget it. Through it we 
get possibly our best view of Peter, the hero. The crow 
of the cock, and the glance of the Master woke the 
slumbering hero in Peter that night. He went out with 
tear-stained cheeks; but he came back with a trium- 
phant spirit. Judas went out that same night, but he 
did not come back. He allowed his despair to drive 
him to self-destruction. Peter and Judas faced life's 


Peter's life was a coptest between these two modes 
of expressing his instinct of self-preservation, or in 
simpler terms, between Peter the coward, and Peter the 
hero. Peter's meeting with Jesus was the most signifi- 
cant happening in his life, for it above all else deter- 
mined who the conqueror would be. The contagion of 
Jesus' triumphant spirit helped Peter to find himself. 
It gave him a new vision, a new purpose, and a new in- 
terpretation of life. It made the ordinary, vacillating 
fisherman into a stable rock. Peter never succeeded in 
eradicating the coward from his life. None of us do. 
The coward is ever a potential hero, and the her(5 is al- 
ways a potential coward. 

" Religion," says Principal Jacks, " is a power which 
develops the hero in the man at the expense of the 
coward in the man. As the change proceeds, there 
conies a moment when the cowardly method of reason- 
ing, with its eye on safety, ceases to dominate the soul. 
At the same moment the heroic element awakes and 
looks with longing towards the dangerous mountain 
tops. Thenceforward the man's reason becomes the. 
organ of the new spirit that is in him, no longer fet' 
tered to the self-center, but mounting up with wings as 
an eagle." Exactly that Jesus did for Peter. 

A tradition gives it that Peter was in Rome during 
the Neronisil persecution. Danger- was imminent. 

New Lives for Old 

(Continued From Page 71) 

Sidney found that all and more of his old regard for 
Irene Cross welled up in his mind and heart. But with 
it there came a great fear. Was she now farther han 
ever from him? Surely she was now famous and free, 
and she could now choose for herself. Doubtless she 
was friendly for old-time's sake but what could a small 
town editor mean to her now? His day of glory had 
passed so far as her thought of him was concerned. 
And depressed by such thoughts Sidney was at the 
point of tearing up the letter when a bunch of page 
proofs was thrust on his desk. Thus the letter was 
saved, being thrust in a pigeon hole in Sidneys desk. 
He was obliged to think of other things for a time, btu 
could not get the thought of Irene Cross completely 
from his mind. The letter from Irene did not demand 
an immediate reply, so there would be time to think. 
The day passed and Sidney came home in a more pre- 
occupied state of mind than usual. 

"Are you ill?" asked Mrs. Hale, Sidneys mother, 
as the two sat together eating the evening meal. 
" No," said Sidney slowly. 
" Then what's the matter ?" 
" The matter ?" 
" Yes. you seem so quiet." 
" I didn't realize it—" answered Sidney. 
"You haven't spoken a word since you came home. 
And at the table you have surely eaten your bread in 
silence. Really, I thought you were ill !" 

" Well, maybe I am," replied Sidney in an effort to 

be facetious. 

"Why didn't you say so?" pursued Mrs. Hale, the 
picture of motherly interest. 

" Oh, it's not influenza ; nothing serious," continued 


" But it's something; and what is that? 
" Nothing— nothing." 

" But something is not nothing! You said you were 
sick. What is the trouble?" 

" Nothing!" said Sidney with a tone of finality. But 
Mrs. Hale was too wise a woman to take Sidney at his 
word. However, she concluded to wait. 

Partly to escape further questioning Sidney went in- 
to his library as though for study. However, he left 
the door open in order that he might not seem too self- 
ish But he really had nothing special to do, so he 
soon stretched himself out in an easy chair with a 
favorite book. 

As time passed the pages of the book became blurred 
and the text sadly mixed with stray thoughts about the 
fair Irene. The truth was, Sidney ultimately fell 
asleep and was involved in some confused adventure 
when he felt a hand on his forehead. He woke up with 
a start and found his mother standing at his side cau- 
tiously trying to discover whether or not he had 

"Oh, I didn't mean to frighten you!" gasped the 
equally startled Mrs. Hale. 

"I wasn't frightened, was I?" asked Sidney. 
" No, not dreadfully, I suppose," said Mrs. Hale. " I 
just wanted to see that you were all right, that you had 
nothing the matter with you." 

" Well, I feel all right: ' Don't you think- 1 look it?" 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1. 1930 


Yes you feel all right. That is, you don't seem to 
e any temperature. Perhaps it's something on your 
,d. I am afraid you are working too hard.' 
' Oh no, work never killed any one." 
. But something is the matter," said Mrs. Hale, look- 
Sidney squarely in the eyes. " You never act this 
V unless something is the matter." 
•I did have a little shock today," answered Sidney 
ally, not knowing just why he ventured such a con- 
Mr! Hale waited for him to explain. And Sidney 
3 irht for a moment 'he would not amplify what he 
d said, but finally he continued: " I had a letter to- 
v from frene Cross." 
"But why should that be a shock?" persisted Mrs. 

ale- .. „ 

" The way it came, for one thing. 

" And what else ?" . 

"Perhaps, what the letter contained. And then 
idney saw that he might as well make a detailed state- 
lent of just how it had all come about. And what he 
dually did was somewhat more— for mothers are such 
jiderstanding confidants. 

Elgin, III. _. 



Feeling the need of more work being done in the Dis- 
trict, and also that we have workers who are not being 
used the District Ministerial Board sent the following 
questionnaire to each minister of our District: 
The Mini...™] Board of the Fir., Di-tric, of We.. Virgin.* 

Greeting to : _ , 

Would yon favor an evangelistic drive in the First Dis- 
trict of West Virginia in the month of June, 1930, after 
the following order: 

1 That at least one meeting be held in each congrega- 
tion at a point where there seems to be an opening. 

2 That our own District ministry do the major part 
or all of this work if enough volunteers can be secured. 

3. That those doing this work depend entirely on funds 
that may be gotten by offerings that may be lifted at 
time and place of meetings. 


4. Do you have any place to suggest in your congrega- 
tion for such meeting? If so give place. 


5. Would you be willing for the Board to use you for 
such a meeting at any place they might determine for 
one or t%vo weeks as the interest might demand? 



Any suggestions in' regard to this drive will b 


District Ministerial Board: 

William Bane, 
Emra T. Fike, 
Albert S. Arnold. 
Please fill out and return to the undersigned at once. . 

Emra T. Fike, Secretary, Oakland, Md. 
As a response to this questionnaire more than three-fifths 
>f the more than fifty ministers in the District replied or 
about thirty-five responses and all favored the drive, this 
was very encouraging and the Board appreciated the re- 
sponse very much indeed. 

Of course, there are a number who are aged from whom 
we hardly expected a response'. 

Of those replying there were more than two thirds who 
were willing to be used in this drive. However, there were 
a few who felt that because of being inexperienced in 
this work, they preferred not to take up as yet so great a 

The Board is very happy to know that more than twenty 
ministers, like Abraham, are willing to go out although 
they know not where. The Board feels that the spirit of 
sacrifice is not yet dead among us, for these consecrated 
ministers know not if they will receive any compensation 

I for work done. 
A few points were suggested that the Board will not 
attempt to provide for, as they are centers of congrega- 
tions where the church regularly calls her own evangelist, 
and the Board does not wish to interfere with such regular 
work. However, the Board is trying to arrange for twenty- 
one evangelistic meetings to be held in the District in 
June, 1930. 
The Board plans to have at least two offerings lifted at 
each place of meeting, and then that an offering be lifted 
in each congregation in June for this work, and finally that 
all these funds- be sent to the Board, where after hearing 

reports from all the workers the funds on hand will be 
proportionately divided among those holding the meetings. 
We hope that all our members will engage in earnest 
prayer for the success of this work and that all in reason- 
able reach of the meetings will attend and encourage the 
v 1 In this age of antos we should not think ,, too grea 
a distance to run a score or more mdes to help in this 
work. Will you not help, brother? 

Emra T. Fike, Secretary Ministerial Board. 

Oakland, Md. 

■ » » 


FEB. 10-14, 1930 

All who are interested in a larger and richer Christian 
life are cordially urged to attend. Ministers teachers, par- 
ents and young people are especially inv.ted The firs 
program will begin Monday morning at 9 : 4 and he I, 
stitute will close Friday afternoon. The daily schedule 
will be as follows: „„,„„,.„ 

0. 45-10- 30 Bible Hour conducted by Earl M. Bowman. 
10-30-11-30 Two courses will run at the same time, Our 
Larger Women's Work Program by Sister Ross D. Murphy 
and Our Pastoral Problems by C G Hesse. 

11-30-12:30 Three courses will be given during this 
per od Our Rural Church Challenge by F. A. Myers 
You h and the Church by Dr. Paul H. Bowman, and Junior 
Activities of the Church of the Brethren by Walter M. 

K l h „nch will be served a, 12:30 by the Aid Societies of the 
Cloverdale, Troutville, and Daleville churches 

Beginning at 1 : 30 to 2 : 30 the courses in Ou Larger 
Women's Work and Our Pastoral Problems will be rc- 
peaud At 2:30 to 3:30 the courses in Our Rural Church 
Challenge, Youth and the Church, and Junior Activities will 

"^o'clock each evening a special emphasis will be 
„• at 7 15 to 8 00 the Bbe hour of the 
E5£ ,T, « Ited. '« 8^0 o'clock each evening 
TheTllowing addresses will be given : Monday evening 
Money, Its Abuse and Use, by Norman A. Seese; Tuesday 
evening. The Greatest Message of All, by T. K. Young . 
Wednesday evening, Why I Am a Dunkard by Paul H 
Bowman: Thursday evening, The Challenge of an Unusual 

Ca F 1 ;r b uie P b'ene H fi, B ofTo a s n e workers who are interested in 
thlLe ership Training program of the church it has be en 
arranged that three of the above <°«^ ™ *% coud 
for credit The Bible course and one each of the second 
and third groups may be selected. Bu, please 
that the entire Bible Institute program is arranged for all 
who may be interested in coming. 

The school will provide room and meals for those wno 
may come from a distance and who will wan. to spend the 
lie week at Daleville. The rates will be very reasonable 
Kv ry cal church should urge its leaders and as many 

afternoon immediately following the last period ,n the 
'S £.™h is urged to make suhabh : and frequent 
announcements of this coming Bible .Institute. Let 
cooperate to make it a great event. 
Daleville, Va. The Bible Institute Committee. 

pic Results have already come from those meetings. 
When I left their village last New Year's season it was he 
who called the village friends in to pray God's blessing on 
us all as wc parted. The retreat held in their village las 
summer was in charge of Mr. Wang and everything moved 
off nicelv. He was able to plan and being so nearly blind 
that he could not work with his hands he took full charge 
of church activities. 

He has gone to his reward and rejoices in the presence of 
his Savior. He leaves a wife, also nearly blind with tra- 
coma, and two daughters. His little son preceded him 
but a few months. The small Christian group mourn their 
loss very deeply and seem truly as a flock without a shep- 
herd Pray that another leader may rise up to lead them 
and that they may not falter by the way. Such light as Ins 
does not go out with death but only shines the brighter be- 
cause he is freed from the limitations of this mortal house 
to work in a larger sphere for his Master. 
Liao Chow, Shansi. China. Nettie M. Senger. 


Mr. Wang Pao Chen, an earnest Chr. fan for «arhy 
twenty years, died at his home in Ts.Ts.en, Chin Clow 
County in August. 1929, aged thirty-five years, aftet a 
strange illness of bu, one day. Through many years of 
vita" Christian experience, meeting many and varied temp- 
,1s h': grew m faith until his Savior meant every ing 
to him. When he first became a Christian he was work 
neat his trade spending a good deal of his time ,n the 
n a g pita, city. There he me, many sneers and persecution 
because he stood no nearly alone for his fatth. **»«*£ 
eves went almos, blind from traeoma and he had 1 to give 
up his work and return to his home on the farm H could 
not see to do much at farming. He gradually came to 
spend a great deal of his time with his home people and 
vd age friends telling them of his Jesus, the victories he 
had had and how Jesus was able to mee, every issue ,n life 
no matter how difficult. . 

He won his mother and wife who are baptized Christian . 
He also won his uncle, aunt, and about ,wenty of his v, - 
lage friends, some of whom promise to be strong, earnest 
Christians. He was the natural leader and al looked to 
- him for decisions. He also won his sister and family who 
five in a large market town near by. The h.tle group -was 
Ws fruit of labors for Jesus and he took great delight ,n 
working for them and sought in every way to strengthen 
their faith in Jesus. 

The two meetings of fasting and prayer last New Year s 

season were called "by him that we might together pray 

for those of .his own village and other -near-by villages out- 

" side of Christ. His example and deep faith touched- peo- 


After the death of my husband in February I gave up 
my church work at Mt. Joy, Arnolds Valley and Olan. I 
began revival meetings on April 6 at Meadows Chapel and 
continued until Dec. 15, preaching 240 sermons. There were 
155 confessions, seventy received into the Brethren church 
by baptism, fifteen by former baptism, and twenty renewed 
their vows to God, taking on a new life in the Church of 
the Brethren. This gave a total gain of 105 in our church 
for the kingdom. We are asking the prayers of the church 
that this year may be the greatest year of our life for 
Christ and the church. Wc are now engaged in work 
at Mt Joy and other near-by points where we served 
last year Wc will begin our evangelistic work again the 
first "of April. We are at this time engaged in a meeting 
at Sherando in our old home church where we were horn 
and reared. - 

We still have room to book a few more meetings for 
any one wanting help. Mrs. P. J. Jennings. 

Buchanan, Va. ~*~ 

That it pays to advertise is very evident in the business 
world so why no, do more of i, as a church? The tobacco 
rust s monopolizing some of the most picturesque scenery 
along the main traveled highways by their more or less 
catchy and disgusting posters. Do they get value received 
Tr this expenditure? Sure they do, or they would not 
'rac it or a minute. Would it no. be a much better 

IZ if all the churches of the Brotherhood would sage 
a„ advertising campaign for the purpose of getting the, 
good work before the busy, hurried, and indifferent public? 
Cod with the angels in heaven would rejoice exceedingly 
Has 1 watches over his flock, he would see dotted over 
the countryside, signs and posters bearing messages of 

' As1ou W ,ravcl to and fro over this world, do the scripture 
oatsages you occasionally see on sign boards have any 
effect upon vour mental attitude toward life? You check 

he peed o, your car, read the passage, and move on 
wi.h purer thoughts in your mind and renewed zeal and 
"CaX^g^ in the business world and it pays. 

in the religious world also, and it would pay more if t 

about you and about me and the salvation of our fellow- 
G-ofhas done, or docs the ^o od 1 news : remain ir , your im 

Z2Z&2? cod ^trtrrs 
st'^rr;^: z* i. n. 

re'atl the religious papers. Adverting «£^ 

Elkhart, Ind. — •- 


Z "A - E5 ESffiS, which was due to 

■ Um r^r^ived the anointing- 
pneumonia, he receivea wre Rretm -cn in the Mexico 

He united wi.h the C urch of e Bre, hrc-n^ .__ 

church in October, 1875 He x A s a minister 

the Peabody church Kans Oct. H £ ^ ^.^ 

he rendered acceptable «""*"'"£ in Michigan. He 
churches, and later in various churches ^^^ 

was an able expounder of the go- P ^^ . „ 

evangelistic work. In the *«' church , comm only 

with the Old G " m ! 1 ' 1 , B r aP " S tl f r " 1 which his labors of 
known as the Old Order Brethren , ^ ^ 

love continued ,0 the end After n 
,....-... ■...:.- '-. - ■ (CMtmutd on Pa«e ,78) •• 




Looking Forward 

(Conlinurf From FM* °> 

whole matter on the shelf for action a, some future 

^T'he second fault which often leads the purchaser to- 
J ub ed waters is his constant habit of looking back 
a. the «reat mountain-like debt he has created. He 
*,nk if of little use to make regular small paymen s 

liquidate the debt; but instead decides to watt unt, 
he wffl be able to make one large payment and wpe 
out h Hgation-but such a solution seldom occurs. 

Jus. now I'm wondering how many of us are look- 
irj back at what appears to be a staggering sum repre- 
"em S in our mission deficit with the hope ttat soil 
dav we may be able to make a large contnbution. Can 
ft be hat some of us are looking at it as an ,mposs,b>h- 

1 thus trying to justify the thought that nothtng can 
be' done' Why look back a. all? The dehot is m the 
pas we can only do effective work by meeting * »» 
\\-e dare not allow any lapse of time and we must con- 
tribute systematically, no matter how small, if we want 
to accomplish our aim. 

••No man, having put his hand to the plow and 
looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God (Luke 

Pottstoi i'ih Pa. ■ 


Eld. M. R. Zigler, the Home Mission j ■*** ry led^h 
discussions of the group conferences on missions. H» 
experience in home missions qual, Bed """ to be , ern a „d 
help ,. the home mission workers * f^ened ,„, 

stitute was the program on education. Dr J. ^ * 1 
Bridgewater College presented some Educational 
tributions of .he Church of the Brethren I" his add, 
he attempted to show how ,. was unportaot to se 

^nation »"££*££?£*«* has made 
^I^^lnhufiousw.thont^chour American 
culture would have been less rich He referred o 

^e'd^r^rr'^f W address 
hv Dr C B Heinly, superintendent of the schools of York, 


has demonstrated time and again. 

The Sunday afternoon j^^tS,"^ 
St ue" stirttg^aUol the cause of mission, 
b' Heir's life is an epitome of full devo.ior , and ul 
self-sacrifice and this appeal brought out all these tine 
,u In es. In the closing sentences of this address he m d 
a olea that the audience should help to wipe out the 
present deficit of the Genera, Mission Board. The audience 
t ponded nobly. Over five thousand dollars u, pledge * nd 
cash was subscribed. This large sum of money shall be de 
voted entirely to Africa missions. 

Elizabethtown College Press Club. 

I still love to read the correspondence page, and man, 
other teles, as some are written by acquaintances.. I va, 

v are so prone to drift along with the tide. Then ,f . 
are not careful, those with whom we walk will not 
us the uplifted Christ. 

A little over two years ago in the Frank,,, church Iowa, 
and le than two months before my husband was take,,, 
ana less ., lr ee weeks Win e there we 

we held our last meeting of three weeks 
made our home part of the time with B roth er and bister 
Colyn We were drawn very close to each other in Chris. 

't^est the mids, of Christian serv^lov^ouei 
are taken when we think they are most needed Though 
we can not understand, yet God knows best and doctk 
111 things well. There have been many changes in hes. 
or.y-s=ve, years, both in the church and ,n the world as 
well Whether everything is for the better is no mine to I 
ay but le. us cling close to the faith o our fathers an 
o the Principles of the dear old Church of the Brethren 
trust that through the columns of our church paper th 
principles may be held up, and Chris, may be cxa.,ed| 
through us to a world that is groaning in sin^ ^ 

Ipava, 111. —- 


the field ' 
need not t 





I, may be of interest to some of the ^T*^ 
Messenger to know that some thirty member of Brethren 
fa" "redding in the Lower Rio Grande Va ley o J c xa 
met together Jan. 5 at the splend.d home of Brother and 
™s e Yoder of San Benito for an-all-day meeting. The 
Sundavschool lesson was reviewed by the writer, after 
which Bro. F. W. Richcreek of Weslaco preached a most 

h t:™o»r was we,, provided for by Bro. Voders 
wiih the addition of we,, fi.led picnic baskets brought b> 
those in attendance. Nothing was lacking to make a 
oleasant and helpful social season. 

P \gam a, 2 o'clock we were treated to another souh 
inspiring sermon by Bro. J. E. Eikenberry of Alamo. A 
number of short talks by those present cheered us all and 
we trust these get-together meetings will lead to a per 
manen, church organization in the not too dis an u nr • 
We firmly believe there is a place for the Brethren faith 
m his new and pronnsing country Our offering ^amoun d 
to 530, half of which was sent to Church of the Brethren 
bomemissions and half to Brethren home mission work. 
_ G. A. Cassel. 

Weslaco, Texas 


Instruction, inspiration, fellowship and devotion chorded 
into a wonderful harmony during the recent Bible institute 
week, which was conducted on the campus of Elizabeth, 
town College. Under the able «* / s »* " ",„ 
M. J. Brougher, Rufus D. Bowman, and AD. Helser, he 
institute became a real spiritual revival. In spite of the 
snowstorm the attendance was very good for on the as 
night of the institute the Auditorium-Gymnasium was 
crowded to capacity. .... .i,„ 

One of the outstanding features of the institute was the 
boys' and girls' meetings which were held every evening 
from Monday to Friday. Eld. Rufus D. Bowman, the Sec- 
retary of the General Board of Religious Education, con- 
ducted the boys' meetings. He introduced vital problems 
such as peace and prayer. Mrs. Lavinia Wenger had 
charge of the girls' meetings, in which ethica problems 
were helpfully and openly discussed. These boys and girls 
meetings were a new feature in the Bible institute. Here- 
tofore no special attention had been given to the peculiar 
problems of the younger generation. 

Another feature of the institute was the inspirational 
sermon delivered each evening from Monday to Friday 
bv Eld M ] Brougher, member of the General Ministerial 
Board The manner in which he expounded Bible doctrine 
captivated his audience and inspired them with renewed 
zeal He gave clarifying explanations ol such subjects as 
God the Devil, the Gospel of St. John, and the Second Com- 
ing of Christ. After having listened to his sermon on the 
Second Coming of Christ, there could be no doubt in one s 

mind as to whether he was a pre- or a post-millenniahst. 


Guthrie is a town of perhaps 14.000 or 15,000 inhabitants 
thirty-five miles northeast of Oklahoma City, with a paved 
highway and interurban line connecting the two. It IS 
rather quiet city with most of the f "P™."^ 
sented, and having their own houses of worship The town 
is divided into east and west Guthrie the mam